Obrázky na stránke
[ocr errors]

580 Ægra licet jaceat, capiendo nulla videtur

Aptior hora cibo, nisi quam dederit Petosiris, ka

Si mediocris erit; spatium lustrabit utrimque
Metarum et sortes ducet frontemque manumque

Præbebit vati crebrùm poppysma roganti.
585 Divitibus responsa dabunt Phryx augur et Indus

Conductus, dabit astrorum mundique peritus

Atque aliquis senior, qui publica fulgura condit. Arruelles Plebeium in circo pasitum est et in aggere fatum.

Quæ nullis longum ostendit cervicibus aurum,

lippus illinere; Hor. I S. v. 30 sq. PR. in a transitive sense. vii. 108. Tib. I. ij. Plin. xxi. 20 s 81 sq. (HA.) R.

60. II. i. 32. Virg. E. v. 64. cf. Theocr. 581.' Shall have pointed out.' VS. v. 89. MNS.

Petosiris was a famous astrologer and 585. Phrygians, Pisidians, Cilicians, physician, according to Pliny, ii. 23. vii. and Arabians paid great attention to 49. (HA.) and Suidas, (KU.) LU. Ath. augury. Cic. Div. i. 41. extr. LU. jji. 81. SA. R. He seems, like our lodia, among the Romans, was a word learned Moore, to have allotted particular of great latitude, including Persia, Arabia, diseases and particular stages of life to the Æthiopia, and part of Egypt. Virg. G. government of particular planets. “ Sie ii. 116. iv. 293. (HY. BU.) The Magi To. Were we not born under Taurus? of Persia were augurs as well as philosoSir An. Taurus ? that's sides and phers. Cic. l. c. Ř. heart. Sie To. No, Sir, it is legs and 586. Conductus; R. 558. thighs;" Shaksp.Twelfth-Night, 1. i. G. Mundi' of heaven.' Sil. iii. 611. Tib.

582. The circus was the resort of III. iv, 18. R. itinerant fortune-tellers. Acron. LU. 587. Cf. Luc. i. 584 sqq. 606 sqq. VS. Hence it is called fallar circus; Hor. I Plin. ii. 52. 54. M. Whenever a place S. vi. 113. T. cf. Suet. Cæs. 39. Claud. was struck by lightning, a priest was 21. PR. Cic. Div. i. 58. R.

always called in to purify it. This was 583. The Circus Maximus was divided done by collecting every thing that had along the middle by the chine' spina; been scorched, and burying it on the at each extremity of this stood three spot, with due solemnity. A two-year'pillars' metæ, round which the chariots old sheep was then sacrificed, and the had to turn on the near side. FE. LU. ground (bidental) slightly fenced round ; Ov. Am. 1II. xv. 2. M. ii. 145, R. after which all was supposed to be well.

• Will draw lots ;' hoc genus divina- Pers. ii, 26 sq. iv. 49. (K. CAS.) LU. tionis vita jam communis explosit: quis G. Sen. N. Q. ii. Acron on Hor. A. P. enim magistratus aut quis vir illustrior 471. Festus. Plut. Q. Conv.iv.2. Artemid. utitur sortibus? Cic. Div. ii. 41. Nume- ii. 8. Sen. Clem. i.8. (LI.) PTR, Arch. rius Suffetius is said to have invented iv. 1. R. this mode of divination.cf. Suet. Tib. 14. Senior πρεσβύτερος. SCH. Ner. 21. A. T. PR. Quint. XII. x. 74. 588. Non vicanos haruspices, non de (GE. BU.) Tib. I. iii. 11 sq. (HY.) R. circo astrologos; Enn. FA. PA. cf. iii. 65.

Others told fortunes by physiognomy 223. PR. and chiromancy. LU.

Agger; viii. 43. R. The mound 584. Poppysma “a smack with the thrown up by Tarquin the proud, on the lips ;' VS. or a wanton palming and east of the city. BRI. patting of the hand. M. palpare ; i. 35. 589.• Who displays no long golden STOTTÚC11' to coax;' Timocl. in Ath. ix. pendants above her neck and shoulders :' 18. Perhaps per may be understood by hypallage, as ii. 90. M. cf. 457 sqq. here, and roganti may mean · begging' R. The poet might intend to point out in a neuter sense : cf. iv. 118. R. Plin. the general extravagance of the Roman xxviii. 2. (T.) Or we inay read sonanti women, in thus characterising the extre

590 Consulit ante phałas delphinorumque columnas,

An saga vendenti nubat caupone relicto.

Hæ' tamen et partus subeunt discrimen et omnes
Nutricis tolerant fortuna urguente labores;

Sed jacet aurato vix ulla puerpera lecto.de
595 Tantum artes hujus, tantum medicamina possunt;

Quæ steriles facit atque homines in ventre necandos
Conducit. Gaude, infelix, atque ipse bibendum,?,£

Porrige, quidquid erit: nam si distendere vellet

Et vexare uterum pueris salientibus, esses 600 Æthiopis fortasse pater; mox decolor heres

[ocr errors]

mity of indigence amongst them by the a trident, sometimes an ear of corn: it is want of a gold chain. G.

not improbable that these may be emblems 590. The phula were seven moveable of the two leading parties above mentioned, wooden towers, or obelisks, called from and denote the victorious colour. FE. their oval form, ova ; they were placed 591. · Whether she shall jilt the eatalong the spine, and one was taken ing-house keeper and wed the army. down at the end of each course. ráy tā tailor.' LU. πιριδρόμο σφαλλομένους τους ανθρώπους περί 592. “ The great danger (or pain and do tão dia úhwe å @cado ópão (Agrippa), peril) of childbirth ;” Book of Commun τούς τε δελφίνας και τα ωοειδή δημιουργή. Prayer. ματα κατεστήσατο, όπως δι' αυτών αι 593. They could afford neither to put περίοδοι των περιδρόμων αναδεικνύωνται: Dio their children out to nurse, nor to keep a xlix. extr. Liv. xli. 27. Varr. R. R. I. i. nursemaid or nursery governess. VS. 11. SA. PA. PAN. tabulata phalaque ; 594. A woman is called puerpera, when Enn. PR.

• confined with her first child.' VS. • The dolphins' on the columns were 595. Hujus of the old woman, who perhaps owing to the Circensian games is applied to in such cases.' LU. being originally consecrated to the Eques- Medicamina; Plin, xx. 21. xxvii. 5.9. trian Neptune or Consus. R. in circo R. cf. ii. 32. Flaminio erant Neptunus ipse et Thetis et 596. • Men yet unborn.' Nereides supra delphinos sedentes; Plin. 597. Conducit; undertakes for a cerxxxvi. 5. These were of marble. PR. tain price. The same verb is used with There were four parties in the Circus, the the following expressions : redemtor coBlue, the Green, xi. 196. the White, and lumnam faciendam; Cic. Div. ii. 21. the Red, vii. 114. (to which were added medicus ægrum sanandum ; Plin. 1. by Domitian, the Golden, and the Purple. pistor panem molendum ; Pompon. in Non. Suet. 7. Xiph.) Of these the Blue and Another form of the phrase is this, Simothe Green were the principal ones : for nides, victori laudem ut scriberet, certo to them the others were respectively at- conduxit pretio; Phædr. IV. xxiv. 4 sqq. tached. The egg was the badge of the (BU.) R. Green faction or that of the land, the • Grieve not.' The' woe-begone' husDolphin of the Blues or the sea party. band is here addressed. LU. The symbols were so managed as to 598. Distendere (uterum) to conceive.' show which of the two parties was win- LU. ning. The Ronans being generally but 599. • To bear lively boys.' little connected with maritime affairs, the 600. • Of a blackamoor;' M. owing Green was the popular colour : si. 196. to your wife's adultery with a black though the other was sometimes the slave. v. 53. LU, Mart. VI. xxxix. R. favourite with the Emperor. In silver Fortasse ' as likely as not.' coins of Roman families, under chariots Pater i. e, in the eyes of the law. of two or four horses, we sometimes find · A sooty heir.' G.

[ocr errors]

Challenge for
Impleret tabulas, numquam tibi mane videndus.

Transeo suppositos et gaudia votaque sæpe
Ad spurcos decepta lacus atque inde petitos

Pontifices, Salios, Scaurorum nomina falso teises Goin.
605 Corpore laturos. Stat Fortuna improba noctu,

Arridens nudis infantibus. Hos fovet omnes Viençal

Involvitque sinu : domibus tunc porrigit altis

Secretumque sibi mimum parat. Hos amat, his se

Ingerit utque suos ridens producit alumnos.
610. Hic magicos affert cantus, hic Thessala vendit

601. Cf. i. 63. 68. M. ii. 58. • and Improba. unlucky' i. e. 'delighting in
that at your wife's bidding.' cf. 218. R. sportive mischief.'' G.

cæca, volubilis,
* One that you would be very sorry to vaga, inconstans, incerta, vana; Plin. ii.
see of a morning.' v. 54. LU. The R. Fortuna savo læta negotio, et ludum
ancients thought the first thing they saw insolentem ludere pertinar, transmutat in-
in the morning gave a lucky or unlucky certos honores, nunc mihi, nunc alii be-
turn to the affairs of the whole day. . nigna. laudo manentem : si celeres quatit
ominu principiis inesse solent : ad primam pennas, resigno quæ dedit, et mea virtute
vocem &c. Ov. F. i. 178 sq. Cic. Div. i. me involvo ; Hor. IV Od. xxix. 49
45 sqq. Plin. xxviii. 2. See also 572. sqq. M.
Among others of these ill-omened sights, 606. Nudis; cf. iv. 49. LU.
apes were held in great dread. Luc. • Cherishes' with maternal care. LU.
'Aroøg. 17. Id. Am. 39. R.

607. Involvit; cf. Hor, quoted above.
602. Complures alios, doctus ego quos et Lofty mansions' are generally occu-
amicos prudens prætereo; Hor. I S. x. 87 pied by great families.' cf. 385. R.
sq. SCII. cf. x. 273. R.

608. “ A secret farce :" G. for these
The joys and vows' of the imaginary foundlings will be personating characters
fathers. PR.

foreign to their nature. LU. iii. 39 sq.
603.“ The beggars' bantlings, spawn'd PR.
in open air, And left by some pond side, · She forces herself upon them ;' (in
to perish there." G.

which sense the French verb s'ingerer is
Decepta ‘ elicited by fraud.'

used. M.) Cic. Verr. iii. 28. Claud.
Infants used to be exposed at Rome B. G. 193. It is opposed to subtrahere
by the Milk Pillar in the Herb-market; se; Plin. Pan. 86, 2. (SZ.) R.
this was near Velabrum, the low ground 609. · Smiling on them,' or laughing
between the Capitoline, Aventine, and in her sleeve.' FA.
Palatine hills, which was often flooded • Advances them.' PR. Cic. Dom. 9.
by the Tiber; Liv. i. 38 ertr. Ov. F. vi. but cf. xiv. 228. R.
401 sqq. Tib. II. v. 33. (HY.) thereby "As her own foster.cbildren.' M. A
forming • dirty pools.' . LU. PR. R. foundling was called Fortunæ filius;

Out of these foundlings, noble matrons Hor. II S. vi. 49. LU.
used to select the future heirs of great 610. Magic incantations. Plin. xxiv.
families. LU.

17. xxv. 9. xxvi. 4. xxviii. 2 sqq. xxx. 1
604. Sali: see note on ii. 126. PR. sqq. PR. cf. 133 sqq. M. Tib. I. ii. 41
Something of this kind had perhaps sqq. viii

. 17 sqq. Virg. E. viii. 69 sqq.
recently occurred in the family of the HY. Hor. I Od. xxvii. 20 sq. Pagué.
Scauri. ACH. ii. 35. PR. If so, there xoa Yuà Tày vòe luvtv Arist. Th. 568.
is a concealed sting in the equivoque R.
ficti in (ii. 34.) the preceding line. Thessaly abounded in herbs used for
Falso · supposititious.' LU.

these purposes. A pul. Flor. i. LU. Ego
605. • Fortune' still retains among us pol illum ulciscar hodie, Thessalum veneti-
her ancient attributes, and is spoken of at cum, qui perverse perturburit familia men-
this hour, much as she was two thousand tem meæ; Plaut. Amph. IV. ii. 10. por-
years ago. G. (Livy xxx, 30, 2. ED.] tenta Thessala ; Hor. II Ep. ii. 209. PR.

Vitrate: Philtra, quibus valeat mentem vexare mariti

Et solea pulsare nates. Quod desipis, inde est;
Inde animi caligo et magna oblivio rerum,

Quas modo geşsisti. Tamen hoc tolerabile, si non
615 Et fürere incipias, ut avunculus ille Neronis,

Cui totam tremuli frontem Cæsonia pulli
Infudit. Quæ non faciet, quod Principis uxor?
Ardebant cuncta et fracta compage ruebant,

Non aliter, quam si fecisset Juno maritum
620 Insanum. Minus ergo ňocens erit Agrippinæ

Boletus: siquidem unius præcordia pressit

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

611. • Love-potions :' philtra nocent foaled, licks off and swallows : if it be
animis vimque furoris habent ; Ov. A. A. taken away before she does this, she
ii. 106. PR.

shows an utter aversion to her offspring :
• To disturb.' 599. Agrippina veneni and will never give it suck. Wierius de
genus exquisitum optabat, quo mens Claudii Mag. Infam. G. See note on 133.
turbaretur, mors differretur ; Tac. An. PR.
xii. 66. PR.

Cesonia, the wife of Caligula, had few
612. • The slipper' was a common personal attractions, and is said to have
domestic instrument of punishment for used philtres to excite her husband's
little boys. Pers. v. 169. mitigari tibi love. Suet. Cal. 25. 33. 50. PR. Plin.
videam sandalio caput; Ter. Eun, V. vii. 5. Dio lix. 12. 23. R.
SCH. cf. vii. 192. σανδάλω γε χρυσά 617. Majus infundum tibi fastidienti
εις τας πυγάς, ώσπερ τα παιδία, παίεσθαι poculum ; Hor. Εp. ν. 77 sq. : Presented
äktar Luc. Philops. ñòn dd xai aanges for him to drink,''SA. or threw into the
αυτά είτειναν εις τας πυγάς τα σανδάλω bowl.'
Luc. D. Ven. and Lun. R.

• If a princess would act thus, what
Inde. owing to these philtres.' SCH. can we expect from a common woman ?'
613. Suet. Claud. 38–40. PR.

VS. viii. 198. R.
614. After this line are found, in some 618. · All the world was in flames.'
copies, the following: semper aquam The metaphor refers to the lightnings of
portes rimosa ad dolia : semper istud onus Jove. LU.
subeas ipsis manantibus urnis, quod ra- The whole edifice of civilized society
bidum nostro Phalarim de rege dedisti. was enveloped in flames, and sunk in

ruins with all its joints dissevered.' PR.
615. C. Caligula, the brother of 619. “ As the universe at large would
Agrippina, and, consequently, · Nero's suffer, if Juno were to drive. her lord and
maternal uncle;' Suet. Cal. 7. PR. master mad.' VS. There is no allusion
credebatur potionalus a Cæsonia uxore, here to the final dissolution of this ma.
amatorio quidem medicamento, sed quod in terial world ; R. quum compage soluta
furorem verterit ; Ib. 50. LU. Joseph. sccula tot mundi su prema coegerit hora ;
Ant. xix. The effects of this monster's &c. Luc. i. 72 sqq. HN. With this
madness are described, 618—625. R. compare the fine passage of Shakspeare,
An uncle by the father's side is patruus. beginning “ And like the baseless fabric

616. • Shivering with the cold when of this vision;" Temp. IV. i.
just born,' LU.

620. • If the enormity of actions is to
• The whole forehead' is here put, be estimated by their pernicious effects,
hyperbolically, for Hippomanes; R..mo. the crime of Agrippina was one of far
ther's love ;' D. a black fleshy excre- less atrocity.' R.
scence, about the size of a lent.fig, on • Agrippina's inushroom ;' xiv. 8.
the forehead of a new-dropt foal; which cf. v. 147 sq. Tac. Ap. xii. fin. PR.
the mother, immediately after she has 621. 'Stopped the breath.'

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Ille senis tremulumque caput descendere jussit - Al tilke..
In cælum et longam manantia fabra salivam. 2004

Hæc poscit ferrum atque ignes, hæc potio torquet: wch hitta.se

625 Hæc lacerat mixtos Equitum cum sanguine Patres.

Tanti partus equæ ! quanti una venefica constat?

Oderunt natos de pellice; nemo repugnet, an increase in
Hey Nemo vetet: jam jam privignum occidere fas est.
screw-Vos ego, pupilli, moneo, quibus amplior est res," Á
630 Custodite animas et nulli credite mensæ.

Lívida materno feryent adipata veneno. isritto ... Mordeat ante áliquis, quidquid porrexerit 'illa,

[ocr errors]

a le of

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


622. Claudius was in his sixty-fourth their own ears ; see xv, 136. R. lacrumas year. Suet. 45. CAS.

murmora manant; Ov. M. vi. 312. H.
Juvenal's description of this senile The objection to the other reading (longa
driveller is fully confirmed by Suetonius; saliva) from the number of oucioríaevta
risus indecens, ira turpior, pumante is not decisive : cf. iii. 66. vii. 28. &c.
rictu, humentibus naribus, plectra linguæ In English we either insert or omit the
titubantia, caputque cum semper, tum in preposition with after many of these
quantulocumque actu vel maxime irem u- verbs: “ A violet dropping dew;" Byron,
tri m; 30. Dio lix. LU.

Hebr. Mel. (Livy xxii, 1, 9. ED.)
• To descend 10 heaven.' To make 624. · This potion of Cæsonia excites
this poor creature some amends for poison. a frantic call for fire and sword and tor-
ing him, they made him a god ; and the tures.' BRI. LU. Suet. Cal. 32. R.
facetious Nero, who profited by liis 625. The promiscuous' cruelties of
apotheosis, used ever after to call mush- Caligula are recorded, Suet. 26–28. 30.

Bpõnece bewv." Suet. Ner. 33. lacerat may either refer to the particular
Seneca, in his jeu d'esprit on the Em: instance in c. 28. PR. or be a general
peror's death, called the canonization expression. Dio lix. 1—26. R. iv. 37.
αποκολοκύνθωσις “ the mushroomifcation: :' 626. • If such be the baletul effects of
and represents Claudius offering himself a single philtre,' 616. ' bow infinite is the
as a candidate for a godship; but being mischief that one sorceress occasions by
accused by Augustus, and forth with una- the continual exercise of her unhallowed
nimously condemned by the celestial art!' SCH. constare ' to cost.' R.
electors, he is turned out neck and crop 627. . This is all natural enough.
by Mercury, into the infernal regions. Juno did so before them.' LU. 272. PR.
Seneca has the very same expression : 628. Agrippina set the example by
postea quam Claudius in cælum descendit; poisoning her step-son' Germanicus, in
so also nondum stelligerum senior demissus order to raise her own son Nero to the
in arem ; Stat. Silv. Gallio likewise is imperial throne. Vs. But see Tac. A.
celebrated for a joke on the subject, xiii. 17. PR. cf. 133 sq. M.
which is far from a bad one. Alluding 629. Pupillió fatherless children, un-
to the hooks with which criminals were der ward.' LU.
dragged from the place of execution to Amplior res is opposed to rebus angus-
the Tiber, and of which by far too many tis ; SCH. Hor. II Od. x. 21.
instances occurred under Claudius, he 630. Nulli not even that of your own
observed that he was hooked to hea. mother.' VS.

Κλαύδιον αγκίστρω ες τον ουρανόν 631. Lirida from the effects of the
åvovezovau Dio. J. BRI. PR. R. G. poison upon its victims : PR. thus

623. Manare and the like verbs are aconita lurida ; Ov. M. i. 147. pallida ; followed by an accusative or ablative Luc. iv. 322 sq. vina pullida ; Prop. IV. case indifferently; in many instances the vii. 36. (BK.) R. see note on i. 72. latter may be owing to transcribers using • The larded meats or made dishes.' the phrase which was more familiar to 632. Mordeat ante aod prægustet by


« PredošláPokračovať »