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Vallibus, esuriens migraret in atria Clio

.. Nam, si Pieria quadrans tibi nullus in umbra

Ostendatur, ames nomen victumque Machæræ 10 Et vendas potius, commissa quod auctio vendit

Stantibus, cenophorum, tripodas, armaria, cistas,
Alcyonem Paccî, Thebas et Terea Fausti.
Hoc satius, quam si dicas sub judice “ Vidi,”

Quod non vidisti. Faciant equites Asiani 15 Quamquam et Cappadoces faciant equitesque Bithyni,

11. LU. VI. viii. 5. Theoph. Ch. vi. husband, who were both transformed (CAS.) R. iii. 157. M.

into birds, occurs in Ov. M. xi. 270 sqq. Aganippe a fountain of Helicon in 544 sqq. LU. Apoll. I. vii. 4. 9. III. Bæotia sacred to the Muses; or that from x. 1. (HY.) R. which the river Permessus takes its rise. Of Paccius nothing further is known. Call. t. i. p. 560. VS. Virg. E. x. 11 sq. The variety of reading in these lines is of (SV.) Paus. Bæot. xxix. Prop. II. x. little consequence. For, luckily, the 25 sq. R.

works of these poels did not long survive 7. Atria (1) • The Licinian Courts' (it may be, preceded) them; or, to borand others near the forum were the row the felicitous expression of a lady laplaces in which auctions were held : T. menting the premature fate of her infant, ab atriis Liciniis atqne a præconum con- “ Their babes, which ne'er received the sessu ; Cic. for Quint. 12. 25. ut in atriis gift of breath, Did pass before them auctionuriis potius quam in triviis et com- through the gates of death !" G. pilis auctionentur; Id. i. in Rull. 7. PR. The family of the Labdacidæ, who or (2) • The antechambers of the great.' reigned at. Thebes,' afforded inexhaustiBA. cf. 91. i. 95 sq. Hor. I Ep. v. 31. ble themes for tragedy. LU. Mart. I. lxxi. 12 &c. III. xxxviii. 11 sq. Tereus; vi. 644, note. PR. R. See also v. 37.

Faustus may be the same person as Clio (from xabos' renown'), ' the epic Martial ridicules ; X1. Ixiv. R. muse,' is here put for the poor poet.'LU. 13. • It is better thus to get an honest

8. Pieria; iv. 36. PR. cf. 6. 68 sqq. livelihood, than by perjury to amass an Hor. II Od. i. 39. III Od. iv. 40. R. equestrian fortune, as rascally foreigners

Qualrans ; i. 121. vi. 447. PR. see do.' PR. note on i. 40. which will show why it was Sub judice ; iv. 12. xvi. 29. R. called teruncius. R.

14. · Now knights, once slaves.' LU. 9. Machæra is generally supposed to Pers. v. 79. PR. Petron. 29. 63. R. have been a famous crier of that time. LU. Or needy foreigners, who flock to Rome,

10. Commissa (1) by commission in order to make their fortunes by their from the magistrate or from the owners wits, and wear gold rings in order to pass of the property : (cf. ix. 93–96. M.) for knights.' ACH. Or (2) in which the bidders are pitted Asiatic :' cf. ii. 58.-122. Mart. X. against each other : BR. cf. i. 163, lxxvi. R. note. M.

15. Cappadocia was a country of Asia Auctio so called from the price being Minor, between Galatia and Armenia. augmented by each bidding. BR. PR. τρία κάππα κάκιστα, Κρήτες, Κασ11. Ônophorum ; vi. 426. R.

rádoxes, Kinoxos• Suid. LU. Minoris Tripodas, tables, seats,

Asiæ populis nulla fides est adhibenda ; cauldrons' supported by three feet. Cic. for Flac. cf. Titus i. 12. 11. This See note on Her. viii. 82.

people (according to the Scholiast on 12. Alcyone, Thebæ, and Terous are the Pers. vi. 77.) were from their infancy names of three miserable poems, probably habituated to the torture, so as to be well tragedies; VS. which were sold among trained for false witnesses. R. other lumber. M. cf. i. 2 sqq. 52 sqq. Bithynia ,another countryof Asia Minor,

The story of Alcyone and Ceyx her between Phrygia and the Bosporus. PR.

vases,

or

Altera quos nudo traducit Gallia talo.
Nemo tamen studiis indignum ferre laborem
Cogetur posthac, nectit quicumque canoris

Eloquium vocale modis laurumque momordit.
20 Hoc agite, O juvenes: circumspicit et stimulat vos

.
Si qua aliunde putas rerum exspectanda tuarum
Præsidia atque ideo croceæ membrana tabellæ

Impletur; lignorum aliquid posce ocius et, quæ 25 Componis, dona Veneris, Thelesine, marito

Aut claude et positos tinea pertunde libellos. 16. • The other Gaul' i. e. Galatia or into a volume, a small piece of coGallogracia; VS. Flor. ii, 11. LU. loured parchment, was pasted on the

• Barefooted ;' cf. i. 111. PR. Claud. outside, which served not only as a cover, xviii. 35 sqq. and Pers. vi. 77. K. Or but as a label to the work when it was so poor that they had not a shoe to their placed in the bookcase. Cat. p. m. 52 feet.' M.

sqq. (V0.) Tib. III. i. 9 sqq. (HY.) * Transplants,' M. ' transports.' LU. PTR. (RA.) (3) They also used to

18. 19. A periphrasis for • a good rub the skins, when filled, with oil of poet.' VS. numeris nectere verba ; Ov. cedar or citron to preserve them from Pont. IV. ii. 30. Quint. VIII. iii. moths and worms. (RA.) Plin. xiii. 13. 16. R.

(HA) Ov. Tr. I. i. 5. (H.) R. (4) 19. Bards were called deepumpáros Many of their books were made up into Lycoph. (ME.) Sophocl. from their leaves and pages, like ours, and put into • chewing the bay,' by which they fancied cedar boards : see 100. • A book bound themselves to become inspired. GR. FA. in yellow Morocco.' ACH. cf. i. 5 sq. Hor. III Od. xxx. 16. (BY.) Call. H. 24. Ocius; oux år právous airāvi see Del. 94. (SP.) Tib. II. v. 65. Theoph. note on Her. vii. 162. Ch. xvi. 1. (C.S.) R.

25. • The husband of Venus,' [o å vinne 20. Hoc agite! 48. This expression is ó rūs Kubhgns. Anacr. xlv. I.] for Vulfamiliar in Terence ; Eun. I. ii. 19. 50. can,' and that for the fire.' LU. quo II. ii. 55. And. I. ii. 15. II. v. 5. 111. ambulas tu, qui Vulcanum in cornu conv. 8. &c. M. R. It calls the attention clusum geris? 'Where are you going of those addressed to the matter in hand; with your horn lanthern? Plaut. Amph. it was the form used in solemn rites, I.i. ÞR. puella Veneri vovit, poetæ scripta GY. and uttered by the crier when tardipedi deo daturam, infelicibus usa magistrate was sacrificing or taking tulanda lignis ; Cat. xxxvi. 1 &c. illa auspices. GR. BR. Like the adınonition velim rapida Vulcanus carmina fiamma of the bedel to the candidates, in the correat; Tib. I. ix. 49 sq. R. Thus ceremonial of conferring ordinary De- Ceres is used for 'corn, Bacchus grees at Oxford, “ You will all attend, for wine, Neptune for the sea,' Gentlemen !"

Jupiter for the air,' Mars for war,' 21. Dux is used as synonymous with &c. cf. also Hor. I Od. xxv. 19 sq. xxvi. Imperator ; ii. 104. iv. 145. R. see note 2 sq. (Her. vii, 141 n. 100. ED.). on otpaonyos fler., v. 38.

Thelesinus may be the poet to whom 22. From any other quarter than this satire is addressed : LU. perhaps the from Cæsar.' VS.

same person as mentioned Mart. III. 23. (1) · The skins' on which they xl. VI. I. XII. xxv. R. wrote were white within, and yellow' 26. · Perforate with the worm,' i. e. on the back where the hairs of the leave them for the book-worm to deanimal grew : liber et bicolor positis vour.' SCH. Mart. XI. i. 14. XIV. membrana capillis ; Pers. iii. 10.(CAS.) xxxvii. 2. Hor. 11 S. iii. 119. I Ep. xx. SCH. (2) When the book was made up 12. Ov. Pont. I. i. 72. R.

.

Frạnge miser calamos vigilataque prælia dele,
Qui facis in parva sublimia carmina cella,

Ut dignus venias hederis et imagine macra. 30 Spes nulla ulterior: didicit jam dives avarus

Tantum admirari, tantum laudare disertos,
Ut pueri Junonis avem. Sed defluit ætas
Et pelagi patiens et cassidis atque ligonis.

Tædia tunc subeunt animos, tunc seque suamque 35 Terpsichoren odit facunda et nuda senectus.

27. Frange leves calamis et seinde, in a cell, 10 get a dark pale face, To Thalia, libellos ; Mart. IX. lxxiv. 9. PR. come forth worth the ivy or the bays, frange, puer, calamos et inanes desere And in this age can hope no other grace-Musas; Calp. iv. 23. R.

Leave me! there's something come into Vigilata' which have cost you many a

my thought, That must and shall be sung sleepless night.' M. Ov. F. iv. 109. i ll.) high and aloof, Safe from the woll's Virg. G. i. 313. (BU.) Stat. Th. xii. black jaw, and the dull ass's hoof!" G. 811. (B.) thus, multo labore sudatum Ameagre' recompense for all the thoraca; Sil. iv. 434. R.

pains it costs to obtain it; and as • lank Either (1) destroy' with the flames, and lean' as its half-starved prototype. or (2) ' obliterate' with the blunt upper SCA. cf. Pers. pr. 5. (K.) PR. An end of the style, while they are still on equivoque. the waxen tablet and not yet transferred 31. To praise and only praise." to the parchment, or (3) ' erase' with This is prettily imitated by Spenser : pumice-stone, after they have been copied "So praysen babes the peacock's spotted out fairly: the parchments were then traine, And wondren åt bright Argus' called scrívef nota PTR. (RA) Cic. blazing eye : But who rewards him ere ad Div. iv. 47. vii. 18. Mait. XIV. vii, the more forthy? Or feedes him once the Cat. xxii. 5. R.

fuller by a graine ?" Shep. Cal. Ægl. x. 28. “Who rack your brains In garrets, 31 sq. And Randolph, who had Spenser cocklofts, for heroic strains." G. Mart. as well as Juvenal in his mind: • The 111. xlviii. 1. VII. xix. 21. See note on plowman is rewarded ; only we That iii. 199. R. quos famæ vigilare juvat; Ov. sing, are paid with our own melody: Rich A. A. M. 413.

churles have learnt to praise us, and ad29. Penias ; Ov. Her. iv. 113. F. v. mire, But have not learnt to think us 648. (1.) Prop. I. v. 32. (TU. PAS.) worth the hire. So when great Juno's

Virg. £. v. 344. vii. 470. and Tib. I. beauteous bird displaies Her starry tail, ii. 76. (HY.) R. See note on ii. 83. the boyes do run and gaze At her proud

Poets were crowned not only with bay, train ;” Poems p. 78. G. but with 'ivy:' Virg. E. vii. 25. PR. 32. "The bird of Juno. vi. 526, note. doctarum hederæ præmia frontium; Hor. Argi centum oculos nox occupat una: exI Od. i. 29. because the Muses were the cipit hos volucrisque suæ Saturnia pennis companions not only of Apollo, but of collocat et gemmis caudam stellantibus imBacchus. R. cf. Mart. VIII. lxxxii. Ov. plet; Ov. M. i. 721 sqq. So far are A. A. quoted in the note on 105. boys from giving any thing to the pea

Private libraries were adorned with the cock, that they rather would rob him of statues of men of learning and genius : his fine feathers. PR. notes on ii. 4 sqq. R. and the busts of Is gliding away, insepsibly but eneminent writers were often placed, to- tirely.' Hor. I Ep. i. 42. gether with their works, in the temple 33. Patiens rei means ' able to bear of the Palatine Apollo. PR. críqavov uin the fatigue attendant on a thing.' Hor. I

xw ador, díln 8 kronahús. Arist. Eq. Od. viii. 4. MI. 532. This passage gave Jonson a tran- A sea-faring, a military, or an agrisient fit of enthusiasm : “I that spend cultural life.' R. cf. St Luke xvi. 3. half my nights, and half my days, Here 35. Terpsichore (rigtos and zópos);

Accipe nunc artes, ne quid tibi conferat iste,
Quem colis, et Musarum et Apollinis æde relicta.
Ipse facit versus atque uni cedit Homero
Propter mille annos, aut, si dulcedine famæ

on 7.

• his lyric muse.' PR. M. Nuda seneclus; numeros Fortuna dedisset, non esset capiti iv. 49. 81. Ov. Her. ix. 154. R. Bassus tanta corona tuo." It must be confessed (40. 80.) is probably here alluded to, as that the Pope and his friend make but a Quintilian observes that he had a fervid sorry figure by the side of Augustus genius, the warmth of which was not and his Greek poet; who surpass chilled by age : x. 1. PR. “ Passa them as much in genuine humour, la gioventude, e l'ore andate; La vec- as in urbanity and good breeding. G. chiezsa, mendica di sostanza, Bestemmia 'The temple of the Muses' (or rather of poi della perdute etale;” S. Rosa Sat. Hercules Musagetes), was dedicated by ii. G.

Fulvius Nobilior and restored by Mar36. “ Hear now what sneaking ways cius Philippus; that of Apollo was built your patrons find To save their darling by Augustus in the Palatium. These gold.” The Bufo of Pope is shadowed edifices were used both as libraries and out in part from this animated passage : as rooms where men of letters might as. “ Till grown more frugal in his riper semble for the purpose of conversation or days, He paid some bards with port, and recitation. Plin. xxxv. 10. and Suet. Aug. some with praise ; To some a dry re- 29. (BU. ER.) Pers. pr. 7. (K.) Hor. I hearsal was assign'd, And others, harder S. x. 38. and II Ep. iii. 387. (WIE.) ii. still! he paid in kind.” There is a 92 sqq. (BY.) I Ep. iii. 17. BRJ. LU. very good story told by Macrobius, PR. M. R. Callistratum Demosthenes, which will not be much out of the Acudemia cum Platone relicta, way here. A Greek poet had presented sectatus est; Ammian. xxx. 4. is imiAugustus Cæsar with many little com. tated from this passage. HR. see nole pliments, in hopes of some trifling remuneration. The emperor, who found Æde the temple;' ædes, 10. ^ a prithem worth nothing, took no notice of vate house :' note on ii. 31. R. the poor man, but as he persisted in 38.' Yields' in his own conceit. M. offering him his adulatory verses, com. This whole passage ridicules the absurd posed himself an epigram in praise of itch for writing which pervaded all classes. the poet; and when he next waited on cf. i. 1 sqq. R. him with his customary panegyric, pre. Homer ;' vi. 436. PR. sented his own to him with amazing 39. He judges of wit, as of wine, by gravity. The man took and read it with its age: as though Homer had little else, apparent satisfaction ; then putting his save his antiquity, to recommend him.cf. hand into his pocket, he deliberately Hor. II Ep. i. 18 sqq. LU. An opinion drew out two farthings and gave them which Horace justly explodes. R. to the Emperor, saying, oj xarà Tàng rúzni, • A thousand years' in round-numbers. is oibroti si raslova exov, radiova är tas cf. Vell. P. i. 5. and SA, p. 866. R. ididouve " This is not equal to the demands Homer lived about 160 years before the of your situation, Sire; but 'tis all I have: building of Rome; vs. and in A. U. if I had more I would give it you.” 840 (= 1000 years) Juvenal would be Augustus, who was not an illnatured between forty and fifty. man, could not resist this; he burst into If you are particularly anxious to a fit of laughter, and, as Macrobius says, recite your poems, and will be contented made the poet a handsome present. ii. 4. with empty fame, without any more subIn allusion to this passage the Italians stantial marks of approbation, he will acrelate that Pius the third, on being pre- commodate you with a large empty room, sented with a panegyric in verse, by one painted with damp, and tapestried with whoexpected a pecuniary return, gave him cobwebs.' Plin. H. N. xi. 24 s 28. Hom. the following distich: Discite pro numeris Od. 11 35. (CK.) Prop. III. iv. 33. numeros sperare, poetæ, muture est animus (BK.) Anth. Lat. t. ii. p. 564. (BU.) carmina, non emere.” To which the other l'ib. 1. x. 49. (HY.) Cat. xii. d. and instantly replied : Si tibi pro numeris lxviii. 49. (@.) Anth. Gr. i. 1. p. 282.

40 Succensus recites, maculosas commodat ædes.

Hæc longe ferrata domus servire jubetur,
In qua sollicitas imitatur janua portas.
Scit dare libertos extrema in parte sedentes

Ordinis et magnas comitum disponere voces. 45 Nemo dabit regum, quanti subsellia constent

Et quæ conducto pendent anabathra tigillo
Quæque reportandis posita est orchestra cathedris.
Nos tamen hoc agimus tenuique in pulvere sulcos

Ducimus et litus sterili versamus aratro. 50 Nam si discedas, laqueo tenet ambitiosi

Consuetudo mali: tenet insanabile multos
Scribendi cacoethes et ægro in corde senescit.

(JA.) Diatr. on Eur. fr. p. 169. (VK.) On these occasions three kinds of seats HR.

were used : (1) subsellia 'the benches in 40. Recites : on this custom see Pers. the body of the room ;' (2) anabathra i. 15 sqq. PR. notes on i. 1. 12 sq. R. 'the rising seats ranged against the walls Of Saleius Bassus the poet (v. 80.), of the apartment;' (3) cathedræ ' chairs, Tacilus (if he be the author) says : for the better sort of company, in front of quum toto anno, per omnes dies, magna the benches, and immediately before the noctium parte, unum librum extudit et stage from which the reciter spoke.' LI. elucubravit, rogare ultro et ambire cogitur, 46. Pendent rise above the floor.' cf. ut sint, qui dignentur audire ; et ne id xi. 107. Sil, ii. 128. vi. 645. R. quidem gratis : nam et donum mutuatur, 47. The chairs, being merely hired for et auditorium exstruit, et subsellia con- the occasion, were to be carried back' ducit, et libellos dispergit ; et ut beatissi- and paid for, as soon as done with. LU. mus recitationum ejus eventus prosequatur, PR. omnis illa laus intra unum aut alterum Orchestra; ii. 178. PR. diem, velut in herba vel flore præcepta, ad 48. We are busily intent upon our nullam certam et solidam pervenit frugem, unprofitable task.'SCH. cf. 20. M. i. 17 nec aut amicitiam inde refert, aui cliente- sq. R. lam, aut mansurum in animo cujusquam • To sow seeds on the sands' and 'to beneficium, sed clamorem vagum et voces plow the seashore' were proverbs to exinanes et gaudium volucre; D. de Or. 9. press' labour in vain.' E. quid arene R.

semina mandas? non profecturis litora 41. “A house that has been long bubus aras; Ov. Her. v. 115 sq. SCH. untenanted.' R.

cf. i. 157, note. M. To be at your service.' R.

49. Sterile,' i.e. without the prospect 42.· Whose portals, bolted and barred, of any return for our trouble. 203. xii. resemble the gates of a besieged town.' 97. Mart. I. Ixxvii, 14. X. xviii. 3. R. LU.

Vertere ' to turn,' versare to keep 43. • He packs his freedmen in the turning.' back rows, that they may give the cue, 50. * If you try to draw off.' PR. unobserved, to frequent plaudits.' R. • Holds enchained.' cf. xiii. 239 sqq. R.

44. His clients (i. 46. iii. 47. 284, Vain-glorious;' ambitiosa paupervii. 142.) he distributes over the benches, tas ; iii. 182. Liv. xlv. 36, 8. (GRO.) that their loud cheers of admiration may Quint. I ii. 22. (SPA.) R. come from all parts of the room, as often 51.‘Custom,' which is second nature. as the leader of their bands gives the pre- seu stupor huic studio, sive est insania concerted signal.' Plin. Ep. ii. 14. R. nomen ; Ov. I Tr. xi, 11. PO. 45. Regum; i. 136. R.

52. “ The insatiate itch of scribbling

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