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Sed vatem egregium, cui non sit publica vena,

Qui nihil expositum soleat deducere nec qui 55 Communi feriat carmen triviale moneta,

Hunc, qualem nequeo monstrare et sentio tantum,
Vi

Anxietate carens animus facit, omnis acerbi
Impatiens, cupidus silvarum aptusque bibendisés

Fontibus Aonidum. Neque enim cantare sub antro
60 Pierio thyrsumve potest contingere sana

Paupertas atque æris inops, quo nocte dieque

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Creeps, like a tetter, through the human Virg. E. üi. 26. PR. effugiendum est ab breast, Nor knows, nor hopes, a cure.” omni verborum vilitate, et sumende voces a G. naxóndas was, properly, a kir of plebe summiotæ ; Petron. GRÆ. Cic, for ulcer, very difficult to cure. Cels. v. 28, 2. Mur. 6. pr. cf. x. 22. Ov. Tr. IV. i. 5 Plin. xxii. 25. PR. Id. xxiv. 3. 10. sqq. Calp. i. 28. (WE.) R. στίξαι την νόσον ου δύναμαι: Pallad. XV. 4. Stamp.' Græcas voces Latina moneta tanta meo comes est insaniu morbo; Ov. percutere; Apul. Ap. p. 298, 33. Sen. Tr. ii. 15. R.

Ep. 34, extr. licebic signatum præsente Ægro' distempered.' M. LU. nota producere nomen ; Hor. A. P. 58 sq. Corde ; i. 45. R.

(BY.) R. PR. 53. Ingenium cui sit, cui mens divinior, 57. Ov. Tr. v. 12. Hor. I Od. xxvi. atque os magna sonaturum, des nominis 1. R. hujus honorem ; Hor. I S. iv. 43 sq. PR. 58. Impatient of restraint;' G.'exγόνιμον δε ποιητήν άν ουχ εύρους έτι ζητών empt from suffering.R. άν, όστις δημα γενναίον λάκοι Αrist. R. Carmina secessum scribentis et otia quæ96 sq. FA. Poeta nuscitur, non fil; there- runt ; Ov. I Tr. i. 41. scriptorum chorus fore it is absurd for any one to attempt to omnis amat nemus et fugit urbes, rite cliens turn poet for the sake of bread. cf. iï: 78. Bacchi somno gaudentis et umbra ; Hor. Hor. II Ep. ii. 51. Pers. pr. 8 sqq. II Ep. ii. 77 sq. PR.

Bacchum in remo(CAS.) An Augustus and a Mæcenas tis carmina rupibus vidi docentem; II Od. are not to be met with in every age. xix. 1 sq. (MI.) VS. me gelidum nemus 62. R.

secernit populo; I Od. i. 30. 32. IV Od. • A poetical vein :' a metaphor from iii. 10–12. cf. 8. Tac. de Or. 9 eatr. R. mining. R. ego nec studium sine divite 59. · Aonian Nymphs.' In Beotia, vena, nec rude quid possit video ingenium; (the mountainous part of which was Hor. A. P. 409 sqq. PR.

called Aonia, M.) there were many spots 54. Expositum ' vulgar.' Quint. II. v. sacred to the Muses ; LU. as Hippocrene, 19. (SPA) X. v. 11. Stat. I S. ii. 24. Helicou, Aganippe. cf. 6. PR. Pers. pr. Theb. ii. 188. R.

1. (K.) Prop. II. viii. 19 sqq. R. Virg. • To spin out.' GRÆ. 224. tenui de- E. vi. 65. ducta poemata filo; Hor. II Ep. i. 225. 60. · Pierian,' 8. FA. Hor. I Od. Ov. Tr. I. i. 39. Pont. I. v. 13. rúbeobar xxxii. 1. II Od. i. 39. III Od. iv. 40. kodás• Antip. Ep. Ixx. Tib. IV. i. 211. (BY) R. Pers. v. 5. (CAS.) R. cf. proferre and The thyrsi were the spears of Bacchus producere to issue,' in Hor. A. P. and his votaries, enwreathed with vine

leaves and ivy.' PR. The blow of the He, from the glowing mint of god's wand was supposed to communicate fancy, pours No spurious metal, fused inspiration; and hence those thus inspired from common ores, But gold, to match- were called θυρσοπλήγις. GR. see note less purity refined, And stamp'd with all on 58. the godhead in his miod." G.

Excludit sanos Helicone poetas DemoFerire · to hit off.' M.

critus; Hor. A. P. 296 sq. GR. Non tu in triviis, indocte, solebas stri. 61. Paupertas i. e.' a poor poet.' cf. denti miserum stipula disperdere carmen ? 53. R.

58 sq.

55. "

Corpus eget: satur est, quum dicit Horatius EVOE!
Quis locus ingenio, nisi quum se carmine solo

Vexant et dominis Cirrhæ Nysæque feruntur 65 Pectora nostra, duas non admittentia curas ?

Magnæ mentis opus nec de lodice paranda
Adtonitæ, currus et equos faciesque Deorum
Adspicere et qualis Rutulum confundat Erinnys.

arma.

tremor

Inops; note on üï. 164.

· Feruntur; vi. 315, note. 62. If Horace (see II S. ii. 49–54.) 65. • Two cares,' poetry and the pro ever felt what it was to want, it was but viding of necessaries. LU. for a short time. He was in affluent 66. Lodice; vi. 195. R. circumstances before the battle of Phi- 67. • Over anxious' LU. distracted' lippi, and three years after it, he was M.. bewildered'. nervous.' taken into the favour of Mæcenas; and In this and the following lines Juvenal his best poems were written subsequently alludes to various passages in Virgil, (to to this period. His Odes were mostly whom he was evidently very partial,) composed later than his Satires. M. R. but chiefly to these two : (1) Divism

Eve; Hor. II Od. xix. 5. 7. BRI. inclementia, divím has evertii opes sterivoi (from sů and o); Virg. Æ. vii. 389. nitque a culmine Trojam. adspice: &c. Ov. M. iv. 522. cf. Eur. Ph. 660. B. jam summas arces Trilonia, respice, Pala 141. (BAR.) Arist. Th. 999. (BOU.) las insedit, nimbo effulgens ei Gorgone Sidon. Ep. vii. 9. R.

s@va, ipse puter Danais animos viresque 63. Spenser had this passage in his secundas sufficit; ipse deos in Dardana thoughts, when he wrote the following suscitat apparent dire fuoies noble lines : “ The vaunted verse a va inimicaque Troja numina magna Deum ; cant head demaundes ; Ne wont with Æn. ii. 602-623. (2) luctificam Alecto crabbed care the Muses dwell; Un dirarum ab sede sororum infernisque ciet wisely weaves, that takes two webbes in tenebris ; &c. Alecto exarsit, in iras. hand. Who ever casts to compasse juveni oranti subitus

occupat wightie prise, And thinkes to throwe out artus; deriguére oculi; tot Erinnys sibie thundring words of threat, Let powre in lat hydris, tantaque se facies aperit : &c. lavish cups, and thriftie bittes of meate, olli somnum ingens rumpit pavor, ossaque For Bacchus fruite is friend to Phæbus et artus perfundit toto proruptus corpore wise; And, when with wine the braine sudor; An. vii. 323–571. PR. These begins to sweat, The qumbers flowe as are good specimens of the sublime, espefast as spring doth rise. Thou kenst oot, cially the first ; yet might not our author Percie, how the rime should rage; O if have found, in the compass of Latin my temples were distain'd with wine, poetry, something more to his purpose ? And giri in girlonds of wilde yvie twine, From Ennius, Horace has a quotation How I could reare the Muse on stately of much force and sublimity: and L u. stage, And teach her tread aloft in buskin cretius (who had also his Mæcenas) fine, With quaint Bellona in her equi- would have furnished examples of greater page!" Shep. Cal. Agl. x. 100 sqq. G. fire and animation. But Lucretius was

64. Apollo and Bacchus were the doomed to misfortune : his contempo. lords' of Cirrha and Nysa : VS. of which raries neither saw his beauties nor his the former was the sea-port of Delphi defects; and succeeding writers, if they near the base of Parnassus, LU. Mart. did not entirely neglect his poetry, plun1. lxxvii. the latter some mountain or city dered him, and were silent. His phiof the East; but there were no less than losophy ruined his poetry in the eyes of eleven places of this name : A poll. III. Rome. G. cf. Virg. A. xii. 326 sq. iv. 3. and Virg. Æ. vi. 806. (HY.) R. M. Strab. xv, Diod. iv. 5. v. 1. Mart. IV. 68. • The Rutulian,' vi. 637. PR. i. xliv. PR. from some one of which the 162. god was called Dionysus. M. note on The Furies were three in number, Her. iv. 87.

Alecto, Tisiphone, and Megæra. LU.

Nam si Virgilio puer et tolerabile dêsset
70 Hospitium, caderent omnes a crinibus hydri:

Surda nihil gemeret grave buccina. Poscimus, ut sit
Non minor antiquo Rubrenus Lappa cothurno,
Cujus et alveolos et lænam pignerat Atreus.

Non habet infelix Numitor, quod mittat amico: 75 Quintillæ quod donet, habet; nec defuit illi,

Unde emeret multa pascendum carne leonem
Jam domitum: constat leviori belua sumtu
Nimirum et capiunt plus intestina poetæ.

Contentus fama jaceat Lucanus in hortis 80 Marmoreis: at Serrano tenuique Saleio

69. · Had Dot Virgil been in easy cir- trician.' SCH. viii. 93. R. infelix is used cumstances, the energy of his genius ironically : his meanness was his miswould have flagged.' LU. Virgil (if we fortune. Vs. can credit Donatus) possessed (prope 75. Quintilla his mistress. VS. pauper centies as.) about a million and a half amicitiæ cum sis, Lupe, non es amicæ ; sterling, owing to the munificence of his Mart. IX. ij. 1. R. friends, and had a town house in Esquiliæ 76. This was a fancy among the Dear the gardens of Mæcenas, though he Romans. Lamprid. Heliog. 21. Plin. spent most of his time in retirement at his viii. 8 sq. 16 sq. 52. Gell. v. 14. Mart. Campanian villa (Gell. vii. 20.) and in Sp. x. 11. lxxv. &c. PR. I. cv. Capit. Sicily. R.

Gord. 33. R. 71. Surda, by calach resis, signifies 77. Hanno the Carthaginian, accord'mute' as well as ' deaf.' LU. xii. 194. ing to Pliny, was the first who'tamed'a M. Sil. vi. 75. x w pos has the same lion. T. variety of meaning. R. note on Her. i. 78. Nimirum ; ii. 104, note. R. 34.

Capiunt ; Ov. A. A. iii. 757. (H.) R. Gemeret; ii. 90. LU.

79. • It is true that a wealthy person Buccina ; Virg. Æ. 511-522. PR. may write for fame, and fame only.'

•Yet, forsooth, we are so unreasonable LU. cf. 81. quid petitur sacris, nisi as to expect.' R.

tantum fama, poetis ? hoc votum nostri 72. Rubrenus Lappa was an ingenious, summa laboris habet; Ov. A. A. ïïi. but needy, tragic poet. VS.

Cothurno; vi. 506. 634. Æschylus, M. Annæus Lucanus, a very rich RoSophocles, and Euripides were wealthy man knight, of Cordova in Spain, the son and influential men in their day. LU.cf. of L. Ann. Mella and nephew of Seneca Pind. Ol. ii. 9 sq.

the tragedian, and an iniimale friend of 73. Alveolos ; v. 88. T. PR.

Saleius Bassus and Persius. According Lænum ; iii. 283. v. 131. PR. to Quintilian, he was an orator rather

Pignerat' occasions the pawning of.' than a poet : 2.1. He was at first a 135. 92. ir. 116. T.

favourite with Nero, but was put to death Atreus is the name of a tragedy of his: by that tyrant in the flower of his age. thus Agave, Pelopea, Philomela, 87. 92. Tac. xv. PR. Id. xvi. 17. R. Telephus, Orestes, and Tereus, i. 5 sy. Hortis; cf. Ov. Tr. I. xi. 37. ACH. vii. 12. R. Atreus, the son of Pelops Plin. xix. 4 pr. Cic. Off. iii. 14. R. i. and Hippodamia, and king of Mycenæ, 75, note. slew the children of Thyestes who were 80. Serranus (cf. Virg. Æ, vi. 845.(H.) born in adultery of his queen, and served Cic. Rosc. Am. 18. Plin. xviii. 3. Val. them up to their own father. Sen. Thy. Max. IV. iv. 5.) was a family name of

the Atilian clan. Plin. üi, 14. Sil. vi. 62. 74. The high-born and wealthy pa- (DR.) PER, An. Hist. i. p. 24. 33.

403 sq.

PR.

Gloria quantalibet quid erit, si gloria tantum est?
Curritur ad vocem jucundam et carmen amicæ
Thebaidos, lætam fecit quum Statius urbem

Promisitque diem. Tanta dulcedine captos 85 Afficit ille animos tantaque libidine vulgi

Auditur; sed, quum fregit subsellia versu,
Esurit, intactam Paridi nisi vendat Agaven.
Ille et militiæ multis largitur honorem,
Seinestri vatum digitos circumligat auro.

Nothing further is known of this poet oratione frangentem ; Sidon. Ep. v. FA. except that he was over head and ears in CAS. R. debt to a money-lender. Mart. IV. 87. - Never seen or heard by any one.' Xxxvii. 3. R.

PA. BR. i. 1, note. hi tragicos meminere Bassus Saleius was another of our modos : his fabula Tereus, his necdum author's contemporaries, who was ‘ poor commissa choro, cantatur Agave; Claud. in purse,' but rich in merit and poetical Eutr. ii. 363 sq. R. talents, LU. absolutissimus poeta, accord. Paris; vi. 87, note. PR. ing to Tacitus, D, Or. 5. 9. see notes on Authors 'sold' their plays to prætors, 35. and 40. who also mentions that he ædiles, or others who exhibited public once received a present of five hundred games. Ter. Hec. pr. I. vii. II. xlix. sesterces from Vespasian, (a prodigious Ov. Tr. ii. 507 sqq. R. effort of generosity in that frugal prince,) A poem (most probably, a tragedy) and this was sufficient perhaps to make on the story of Agave, daughter of Cad. Domitian neglect him ; for he was vot mus and Harmonia, mother of Pentheus over-fond of imitating his father. G. PR. by Echion, king of Thebes. Her son Mart. Ill. xlvii. lviii. V. xxiv. liv. VII. was transformed into a boar, and torn to xcv. VIII. x. R.

pieces by his mother and aunt, in their 83. The subject of the Thebaid' is Bacchanalian revels. Hygin. 184. PA. the war between Polynices and Eleocles; BR. Pers. i. 100 sqq. PR. Hor. II S. iii. Ponticus also wrote an epic poem on the 303. Ov. M. u. 501 sqq. M. cf. 73. Stat. same story (Prop. i. 7.); and it afforded Th. iii. 190. iv. 565. xi. 318. R. a theme for tragedy to Æschylus, Seneca, 88. • This actor too has the disposal of PR. and Euripides.

many a commission in the army.' PR. P. Papinius Statius was a native of cf. 92. R. Naples. He was taken into favour by 89. In other words, makes them miliDomitian, and repaid the emperor's pa- tary tribunes for six months.' xquos tronage by gross fattery. He spent φορούσι γαρ των στρατινομένων οι twelve years on his · Thebaid,' and died, rinice xos. rão inarrévw crongosoon after commencing the Achilleid, Popoúrray App. R. Pun. 104. cf. i, 28, A. D. 96. PR. Suet. Dom. 4. (CAS.) note. These were divided into laticla vii Stat. S. III. i. 61 sqq. v. 28 sqq. IV. ii. (who were styled illustrious knights;' 62 sqq. v. 1 sqq. V. iii. 215 sqq. 229 sqq. egregii; x. 95, note. iv. 32. note ;) and Th. xii. 812 sqq. (B.) R.

angusticlavii, (the former of senatorial, 84. Notice was given, by bills, of 'the the latter of equestrian families; Suet. day of recitation.' R.

Aug. 38. Oth. 10. Tac. A. ii. 59. xi. 4.) 86. He has broken the benches,' the purple border which they wore being either (1) by the crowds who flocked to either broad or narrow accordingly. hear his verses :' Suet. Claud. 41. or LI. SA. This border seems to have (2) by the vehemence of his recitation :' answered the purpose of gold lace in our i. 12, note. or (3). by the plaudits of the days. The boatswains and boatswains' auditors.' cognoscentium quoque fregere mates at Greenwich Hospital are dissubsellia ; Martian, Capell. hunc olim tinguished by the broad or Darrow gold perorantem, et rhetoricæ sedilia plausibili lace on their coats and hats; if the com

90 Quod non dant proceres, dabit histrio. Tu Camerinos

Et Bareas, tu nobilium magna atria curas?
Præfectos Pelopea facit, Philomela tribunos.
Haud tamen invideas vati, quem pulpita pascunt.

Quis tibi Mæcenas ? quis nunc erit aut Proculeius 95 Aut Fabius ? quis Cotta iterum? quis Lentulus alter ?

parison be not derogatory to the semestres complain at all? Was he ashamed of his militioli, as the author of Juvenal's life influence at court ? He was more likely calls them.

to have gloried in it. Others say by I wish there were any authority for Hadrian, when Juvenal was an old maa supposing the six-months' or half- of fourscore, merely because these lines month's gold' to be so called from its were supposed to cast some reflection conferring a permanent appointment, but upon an actor who was a great favourite with only half the annual stipend: with the emperor. If so, this imperial so that the permission to wear it would patron of letters was guilty of a most give an bonorary or brevet rank, (a arbitrary stretch of authority, and a most real command, I am convinced, it never unprovoked piece of cruelty. G. could,) which gave the possessor a claim 93. • That lives by the stage. Æschyto something like half-pa y, without re- lus et modicis instravit pulpita tignis; quiring actual service; or, at any rate, to Hor. A. P. 279. PR. iii. 174. M. cf. 87. certain privileges and iinmunities. (Livy xiv. 257. R. v, 4. ED.) This favour (whatever the pre- 94. Mæcenas, by his generosity to Vircise nature of it might be) was bestowed gil and Horace, transmitted his name to by generals and prefects. Thus Pliny future ages as an appellative for all entreats Sossius, one of Trajan's lieu- munificent patrons of literature. LU. PR. tenants, to confer this honour on the Spenser has an allusion to these lines : nephew of his friend C. Nepos : C. Calo “But ah! Mecænas is yclad in claye, visium Nepotem vulde diligo: hunc rogo And great Augustus long ygoe is dead, semestri tribuna tu splendidiorem et And all the worthies liggen wrapt in sibi et avunculo suo facias; Ep. iv. 4. lead, That matter made for poets on to and in another place, he transfers a playe: For ever, who in derring.doe were tribuneship which he had obtained for dread, The loftie verse of hem was loved Suetonius, at the historian's own request, aye;" Shep. Cal. Ægl. x. 61 sqq. G. to one of his relations : iii. 8. G.

Proculeius another bountiful knight of 90. Histrio is a Tuscan word. Liv. vii. the Augustan age. Hor. II Od. ii. 5. 2. V. Max, ii. 4. PR.

(MI.) Tac. A. iv. 40. (LI.) Quint. vi. The Camerini viii. 38. R. were a 3. (BU.) Plin, vii. 45. (HA.) R. family of the Sulpician clan. PR. 95. Fabius Murimus was a noble paP. Sulp. Camerinus was one of the tri- tron, to whom Ovid addressed several of umvirs sent to Athens for Solon's laws. his epistles from Pontus; PR. M. I. ii.

91, The Barece were of the Marcian v. ix. II. iii. III. ïïi. viii. (H.) Quint. vi. clan, Tac. A. xii. 53, R. iii. 116, PR. 3. R. Atria ; note on 7. R.

Aurelius Cotta, as well as Fabius, 92. Pelopea was the daughter of joined to great liberality the rarer quality Thyestes ; Agisthus was the offspring of of fidelity in distress: Ġ. Ov. Pont. II. their incestuous intercourse. , 73, viii. III. ii. v. PR. te tamen in turba note. PR. or Ilsdómua, the daughter of non ausim, Cotta, silere, Pieridum lumen Pelias : A pollod. I. ix. 10. (HY.) R. præsidiumque fori ; Id. IV. xvi. 40 sq.

Facit gets the authors made.' cf. iii. (H.) R. 116, note.

P. Lentulus Spinther, who was mainly Philomela; vi. 644, note. LU. instrumental to the recall of Cicero, and

It is said, that in consequence of this to whom the orator writes thus : magna passage, Juvenal was banished from est hominum opinio de te, magna commenRome; by whom, is a matter of dispute. datio liberalitatis; Ep. Fam. i. 7. Cic. Some say by Domitian, owing to a com- ad Div. i. 1 sqq. M. R. plaint by Paris. But why should he It may be wondered that Juvenal

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