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Tunc par ingenio pretium: tunc utile multis,
Pallere et vinum toto nescire Decembri.

Vester porro labor fecundior, historiarum die

Scriptores : petit hic plus temporis atque olei plus; 100 Namque oblita modi millesima pagina surgit

Omnibus et multa crescit damnosa papyro.
Sic ingens rerum numerus jubet atque operum lex.
Quæ tamen inde seges ? terræ quis fructus apertæ ?

Quis dabit historico, quantum daret acta legenti? 105 Sed genus ignavum, quod lecto gaudet et umbra.

should never mention Pliny, who was indulge more freely: Macr. i. 7. 10. Sen. certainly generous, and in some cases Ep. 18. 47. Ath. xiv. 10. Suet. Claud. 5. munificent. He bad here an opportunity Cal. 17. PR. Lucian. Sat. R. age liberof doing so: but perhaps it struck him tate Decembri ulere; Hor. II S. vii. that there was more of vanity than of 4 sq. LU. genuine kindness in the favours Pliny

99. • Midnight oil.' G. i. 51. M. conferred. In one of his letters he men- 100 · Passing all bounds. M. tions his kindness to Martial; but in a Cum bene surrerit versu nova pagina way that shows he was thinking more of primo; Ov. Am. I, i. 17. see note on himself than of the poet. The whole 23. R. account is degrading. It was not thus 101. “A ruinous undertaking, which that Lentulus and Cotta showed their

Dever pays for the paper.' LU. love of genius, G.

In palmarum foliis primum écriptita. 96. Fuit moris antiqui eos qui vel sin- tum : deinde quarumdam arborum libris : gulorum laudes vel urbium scripserant, aut postea publica monumenta plumbeis voluhonoribus aut pecunia ornare: nostris vero minibus, mor et privata linteis confici temporibus, ut alia speciosa et egregia, ita cæptu, aut ceris : postea promiscue patuit hoc imprimis exolevit : nam postquam destiti- usus rei qua constut immortalitas hominum: mus laudunda facere, laudari quoque inep- papyrus ergo nuscitur in palustribus tum putamus; Plin. Ep. iii. ult. PR. Ægypti: præparantur ex ea chartæ divise cura ducum fuerunt olim regumque poetæ, acu in prætenues sed quam latissimas præmiaque antiqui magna tulere chori: fibras ; Plin. xiii. 12. and 11. PR. sanctaque majestas et erat venerabile nomen 102. Rerum' of facts.' G. vatibus : et largæ sæpe dabantur opes;

• The rules to be observed in composOv. A, A. iii. 405 sqq.

ing history' are given by Cic. de Or. ii. 97. Pallere; Pers. v. 62. PR. Id. i. 15. PR. 26. 124. Hor. I Ep. iii. 10. M. Paleness 103. The metaphor is taken from agriwas a characteristic of students as well as culture : apertæ broken up by the of lovers: pallet; aut amat, aut studet; plough;' T. thus also messem deprendere ; cf. Quint. VII. x. 14. I. ii. 18. Ov. A. A. 112. R. cf. Rom. vi. 21. i. 729 sq. SPA.

104. • To a notary public;' ACH. or To be a stranger to wine,' lest it it may be the reader, who was enshould impede one's studies : quid? quod gaged to read aloud the exploits rene mente quidem recte uti possumus multo corded in history, was much better paid cibo et potione completi; Cic. T. Q. v. than the author, who had been at all 100. Horace, on the contrary, who was the pains of investigating and narhimself a bon vivant, prescribes wine for rating the facts.' R. poets, on the authority of Cratinus, and 105. · But the excuse of these penuriinstances Homer and Ennius as examples ous nobles is, that historians are an indoof its good effects : I Ep. xix. 1 sqq. lent race of animals. R. They formed PR.

much the same enlightened judgment as * December' was the month of the a man who complained to one of his old Saturnalia, when it was the custom to masters of the sad alteration that had

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Dic igitur, quid causidicis civilia præstent
Officia et magno comites in fasce libelli ?
Ipsi magna sónant, sed tunc, quum creditor audit,
Præcipue, vel si tetigit latus acrior illo,

€ 110 Qui venit ad dubium grandi cum codice nomen.

Tunc immensa cavi spirant mendacia follesti ccm
Conspuiturque sinus." Veram deprendere messem
Si libet; hinc çentum patrimonia causidicorum,

taken place at Oxford since his younger 108. 'They talk big before a creditor ; days, when he was much in request and are most substantial men according among the junior members of the Uni- to the statement they give the banker versity in their fishing and shooting ex

who has advanced ihem money upon cursions ; “ There's a very idle set of credit, when he ventures to press for the gentlemen in College now. They never settlement of a long-standing account.' shoot. They never go on the water. HK. They do nothing: nothing but read Ipsi understand causidici. LU. from morning till night." Nunc hederæ Magna is used adverbially; LU. verba sine honore jacent: operataque doctis cura

may be understood. sio tu ad piya xsxpeτιgil Musis nomen inertis habet ; Ον. γίναι και οχληρόν είναι και θρασύν, ού τους A. A. iii. 411 sq.

δικαιολογούσι μόνον, αλλά και τους εύχι. The ancients had couches' made pur- pívors TOŪTO xgroupor Luc. Tim. 11. posely for writing and studying: quædam These expressions are generally applied sunt quæ possis et in cisió scribere; to bragging. V. Flacc. i. 262. (BU.) quædam lectum et otium et secretum Prop. II. xv. 53. (VU.) R. desiderunt ; Sen. Ep. 72. non quidquid 109. Lævum qui fodicet latus; denique lectis scribitur in citreis ; Hor. I Ep. vi. 51. cubito tangere; Hor. Pers. i. 52 sq. FA. gratias ago senectuti, II S. v. 42. Pers. iv. 34. R. quod lectulo me affixit ; Sen. Ep. 67. 110. · With a large account-book.' i. e. not in his bedroom, but in his Cic. Verr. i. 36. (iii. 28. vii. 17.) for study. LI. a vatibus contemto colitur Rosc. Com. I sq. PR. R. lectus et umbra foro ; Ov. A. A, iii. Nomen' a debt.' SCH. 539. 542. Tr. I. xi. 37 sq. Plin. Ep. 111. • The hollow bellows of his v. 1. Suet. Aug. 78. (CAS.) cf. 28. 79. cheeks and lungs.' VS. at tu conclusas R.

hircinis follibus auras usque laborantes Lecto may also be put for somno: for dum ferrum molliat ignis, ut mavis, imiscriptorum chorus omnis amat nemus et fu- tare; Hor. I S. iv. 19 sqq. tu neque git urbes, rite cliens Bacchi somno gau anhelanti, coquitur dum massa camino, dentis et umbra; Hor. II Ep. ii. folle premis ventos ; Pers. v. 10 sq. PR. 77 sq. vacui sub umbra lusimus tecum, The lungs are compared to bellows by barbite; I Od. xxxii. 1 sqq. FA. cf. 8. R. August. de Civ. D. xiv. 24. R.

106. • If their indolence be a bar to 112. He talks away till he foams at your bounty, let us shift our ground : no the mouth and bespuiters all his vest. one will tax the lawyers with laziness.' R. LU. FA. It is one of the characteristics

Causidicus is almost always used in a of δυσχέρεια, απορρίπτειν (τον σίαλον) από contemptuous sense. Ov. Am. I. xiii. 21. TOű oropatos• Theoph. Ch. 19. oráãoxor (BU.) hic clamosi rabiosa fori jurgia os reorgaivortis cianov in rã a poodiazévendens improbus iras et verba locat; Sen. grober Hesych. Antimachus an AtheH. F. 172 sqq. R.

nian was calledΨακάς. because προσίρραινε Civilia officia • the services rendered to τους συνομιλούντας διαλεγόμενος'' Schol. citizens.' PR.

on Arist. Ach. iv. 7. R. Hor. II S. 107. A bundle.' ορμαθοι βιβλίων

V. 41.
Theoph. Ch. vi. διαμαι δικανικών βιβλίων • The actual harvest ;' in answer to
Aristot. in Dionys. H. R.

103. PR. Libelli · briefs.' VS.

113. Hinc' in the one scale.' LU.

Parte alia solum russati pone Lacernæ. 115 Consedere duces: surgis tu pallidus Ajax

Dicturus dubia pro libertate, bubulco
Judice. Rumpe miser tensum jecur, ut tibi lasso
Figantur virides, scalarum gloria, palmæ.

Quod vocis pretium? Siccus petasunculus et vas i 120 Pelamydum aut veteres, Afrorum epimenia,

bulbi

114, Lucerna was a favourite charioteer

pose a blood vessel in the lungs' to be of Domitian's, VS. and one of the • Red' meant; LU. FA. as the ancients, in party. cf. vi. 590. Petron. 25. (H.) general. were but indifferent anatomists. Dio. Ixi. 6. (REI.) BO, p. 448. He is πόθεν ούν αν εκείνοι δυνηθελεν άκουσαι, ήν και called russatus Lacerna, as Felir xsxperwis doppayiñsLuc. Episc. 21. russatus auriga ; Plin. vii. 53. prasi. R. Arist. R. 953. nus Porphyrio; Mart. XIII. lxxviii. 2. 118. When advocates gained a cause, auriga albatus Corar; Plin. viii. 42 s the triumph was notified by the entrance 65. R.

of their house being adorned with 'palm115. A parody on consedere duces branches.' These poor lawyers lived in et, vulgi stunte corona, surgit ad hos garrets, and could therefore only decorate clypei dominus septemplicis Ajar; Ov. with evergreens 'the staircase' leading M. xii. 1 sq. By duces, here, are meant up to their chambers. Suet. Dom. 23. the judges;' by Ajax,' the barrister.' CAS. BRO. sic fora mirentur, sic te RU. xadicate go our 8", Albysvas, Pallatia laudent, excolat et geminas pluToys Luc. Pisc, 24. R.

rima palma fores; Mart. VII. xxviii. 5 sq. Sallow' from confinement at his desk, PR. cf. iii. 199, note. palma forensis; and not' bronzed by the sun' like the Aus. Prof. Burd. č. 7. R. weather-beaten chieftain.

119.

Dried up (xi. 82.) from beiog Ajax king of Salamis was the son of so old.' LU. Mart. XIII. Iv. PR. liv. Telamon and grandson of Æacus, and, IV. xlvi. Hor. II S. v. 43 sqq. Pers. iii. consequently, the cousin-german of 73 sqq. (CAS.) R. Achilles; upon whese death he claimed 120. Inaceu ús. Hesych. a little fish so bis armour as being the bravest of the called from its burying itself in the mud, Greeks. His disappointment, when the or from being born there : Festus. Triaprize was awarded to Ulysses, produced pidos. Arist. vi. 16 sq. a lesser kind of insanity, and drove him to commit suicide. tunny: Ath. iii. 85. 92. vii. 66. viii. 14 Soph. Aj. PR. and Phil. cf. x. 84. xiv. or 53. Plin. ix. 15 s 18. xxxii. 11 s 55. 286. Hor. II S. iii. 187 sqq. The name (HA.) Strab. VII. vi. 2. Diosc. ii. 200. of Ajax became proverbial for a quarrel- SP, de Pr. Num. iii. 201. Gell. ii. 18. some wrangling man. Claud. Eut, ii. PR. R. which were salted and brought 386. Jud. Vesp. 85. (WE.) R.

to Rome. V'S. Like our grigs, which are 116. On behalf of a client, whose title found in the mud of the Thames, they to freedom is disputed :' as Cicero for were probably of little worth. M. A Archias. LU. FA. The case of Virginia jar of broken sprats." G. was another: Liv. iii. 44 sqq.

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of shrivellid onions from the A neat-hierd. There were, in all, Nile.” Ġ. Africa produced a great thirty-five city and country tribes, from variety of bulbous roois, among these each of which were chosen three jury. Pliny mentions the epimenidium, xix. 5. men. These were called, in round nun. R. of which the epimenium might be a bers, centumvirs: Ascon. on Cic. coarser sort ; cf. Ath. ii. 22 sq. (CAS.) Verr. ii. FA. LU. Owing to this ar- or' sent monthly' from Africa to Rome. rangement it often happened that igno- Martial enumerates bulbos among the rant rustics had to decide upon knotty presents sent to lawyers; IV. xlvi. 11. points. xvi. 13. R. cf. Suet. Cæs. 80. LI. Theoph. H. P. vii. 13. PR. The Aug. 35. PR.

soldier's monthly allowance :' SCH.“ the 117. Cf. i. 45, note. M. Some sup. African slave's monthly provender.'ACH.

1

At vinum Tiberi devectum, quinque lagenæ. 4. Si quátér egisti, si contigit aureus unus,

Inde cadunt partes ex foedere "pragmaticorum.

“ Æmilio dabitur, quantum licet, et melius nos 125 Egimus : hujus enim stat currus aëneus, alti

Quadrijuges in vestibulis, atque ipse feroci
ch
Bellatore sedens curvatum hạstile minatur
Eminus et statua meditátur prælia Tusca." for beič
Sic Pedo conturbat, Matho deficit : exitus hic est

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Whatever might have been the practice was passed in the reign of Claudius as to other slaves, it is not unlikely that (A. U. 800.), by which pecuniis ob causas the Africaos bad a certain ration of orandas cupiendis positus modus usque ad onions allowed them, according to the dena sestertia, quem egressi repetunpractice in their own country. cf. Herod. darum tenerentur; Tac. A. xi. 5 sqq. ii. 125. Numb. xi. 5.

(LI.) See 122, note. R. 121. • Home-made wine, (VS.) and Nos we poor lawyers.' LU. that of the worst sort, Veientan, (Hor. 125.“ There stand Before his gate, II S. iii. 143.) or Tuscan, (LU.) and conspicuous from afar, Four stately steeds not Campanian.' PR.

yoked to a brazen car." G. Indicative 122. If you are so lucky as to touch of the triumphs gained by his ancestors. gold for a fee, you cannot pocket any LU. cf. viii. 3. PR. thing till

you

have satisfied the stipulated 126. This vagary of Æmilius (in choosclaims of the attorneys.' LU.

ing, though a man of peace, to be repre* The gold piece' varied in value; it sented on a war-horse) seems to have was at this time worth twenty-five denarii. taken mightily at Rome, most probably Plin. xxxiii. 3. xxxv. 10. (HA.) Lampr. from its absurdity, and to have had a Alex. 39. (CAS.) R. M. The highest number of imitators. Martial, in an fee, as settled by a law of Nero, was one attack upon an unfortunate pedagogue hundred pieces of gold. Plin. Ep. v. 4. for interrupting his sleep, (note on 222.) 21. Suet. 17.(ER.) Tac. A. xi. 7. Ulp. D. compares the noise of his school to that i. Ģ. 12. The sum is here represented as of the hammers and anvils of smiths forgabsurdly small, for contrast's sake. GRO. ing war-horses for the lawyers : tam grave

123. In Cicero's days these solicitors' percussis incudibus æra resultant, causidiwere confined to Greece. Or, i. 45. 59. cum medio cum faber aptut equo;

IX.lxix. The Roman advocates were then in the 5 sq. This trick succeeded but ill with habit (if ignorant of a point of law) of Æmilius's imitators, cf. 129 sqq. as it referring to learned men of rank, such as seldom happens that any but the author the Scævolæ, &c. Under the successors of a joke profits by it. G. PR. see 143, of Augustus, there was not the same encouragement for these great men to 127. Aims the bending spear.' So study that science ; therefore the orators exquisitely is the statue wrought that the were obliged to adopt the Grecian me- spear seems to tremble as it is poised. thod : neque ego sum nostri moris ignarus, PR. oblitusve eorum qui velut ad arculas sedent 128. Meditatus prælia ; iv. 112. R. et tela agentibus subministrunt; neque idlem Wall-eyed :' because the pupil of Græcos quoque nescio factitare, unde nomen the eye was not marked in statues. R. his pragmaticorum datum est; Quint. 129. Of Pedo the lawyer nothing is xi. 3. 9. G. PR. Id. iii. 6. R.

known. R. 124. • The only lawyers who are hand- Conturbat (i. e. rationes) is a legal somely reinunerated, are those, who term : FA. . becomes insolvent,' T. either are rich or are believed to be ' gets more involved.' fac me multis so.' LU. R.

debere et in his Plancio: utrum igitur me Quantum licet. A decree of the senate conturbare oportet ; an hoc nomen, quod

note.

6

130 Tongilli, magno cum rhinocerote lavari

Qui solet et vexat lutulenta balnea turba
Perque forum juvenes longo premit assere Medos
Emturus pueros, argentum, murrhina, villas.
Spondet enim. Tyrio stlataria purpura

filo.
135 Et tamen est illis hoc utile: purpura vendit

Causidicum, vendunt amethystina i convenit illis
Et strepitu et facie majoris vivere census.
Sed finem impensæ non servat prodiga Roma.

Fidimus eloquio ? Ciceroni nemo ducentos
140 Nunc dederit numos, nisi fulserit annulus ingens.

Respicit hæc primum, qui litigat, an tibi servi
Octo, decem comites, an post te sella, togati

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urget, nunc cum petitur dissolvere; Cic. Argentum; i. 76, note.
for Cn. Planc. PR. xiv. 94. Mart. IX. Murrhina; vi. 156, note. BRI.
iv. 5. VII. xxvi. 10. X. xcvi. 9. Petr. 134. Spondet'is a surety for him,'
39. (BU.) Cic. Att. iv. 7. (ER.) R. gains him credit.” ii. 12. R.
Matho; i. 32, note. PR. Hence it

Tyria purpura filo, a periphrasis. i. 27, may be gathered that the first Satire was

pote. Plin. ix. 36 sqq. PR. Virg. Æ. iv. written many years after the present. G. 262. Hor. Ep. xii. 21. M.

Deficit ' fails :' T. another legal term. Stlataria 'piratical;' from stlata, genus R.

navigii latum magis quam allum; Festus : 130. Tungillus perhaps Tongilius. rugatixov oxépous vidos. Gloss. et melior Mart. II. xl. R.

navis, quam quæ stlaturia porlat; Enn. • His oil-flask (iii. 263.) was formed its meaning may be either (1) ' decoyof a large rbinoceros' horn.' LU. Plin. ing.' VS. deceptive,' LU. i. e. (as we viii. 20. Diod. iv. 3. PR. The animal should say) ‘sailing under false colours ;' put for its horn; as solido elephanto, for or (2) imported in a foreign bottom.'

solid ivory;' Virg. G. jii. 26. M. Ofa PR. horn flask Martial says ; gestuvit modo 135. Vendit.gets him off,' 'makes fronte me juvencus : verum rhinocerota him fetch more money,' FE. ' puffs him me putabis ; XIV. lii. cf. lii. R.

off.' cf. 73. R. 131. Verat ; i, 100. cf. vi. 419 sq. or 136. - Violet mantles' thrown over the i. 64. R.

toga. FE. cf. Mart. I. xcvii. II. lvii, 2. 132. • The young men who are his X. xlix. 1. XIV. cliv. R. Plin. xxi. 8. bearers.' PR.

Xxxvii. 6. 9. PR. He presses with the weight of himself 137. Quæ in publico species ! Tac. D. and his litter.' SCH.

de Or. 6. R. Assere ; ii. 245. PR. Mart. IX. xxiii. 138. Dicimus : Non ego ambitiosus 9. R.

sum, sed nemo Romæ aliter potest vivere ; The Medes were not subjugated by non ego sumtuosus sum, sed Urbs ipsa the Romans : but Media is sometimes magnas impensas exigit ;" Sen. Ep. 50. taken in a wider sense, so as to include . cf. iii. 180 sqq. R. iii. 169, note. Assyria and other countries of Asia. There 139. • Two hundred sestertii' are not was also a Thracian people of this name. quite thirty shillings. M. i. 92, note. cf. ix. 142 sqq. R. (Livy xxviii, 5, marg. 140. Annulus; i. 28 sq. PR. ED.)

141. ' Eight chairmen :' i. 64, note. 133. • To bid for,' though not to buy. PR. Caligula had a litter borde by eight BRI. αλαζών προσποιούμενος ωνητιάν slaves. Suet. Μ. Theoph. Ch. 23, extr. Martial has an 142. Comites ; cf. i. 96. 119. 132. PR. excellent epigram on this subject : IX. 46. qui togatorum comitatus et egressus ! 1x. CAS. G. R.

Tac. D. de Οr. 6. τώ φορείω σαριπομένων:

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