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Ante pedes. Ideo conducta Paulus agebat

Sardonyche atque ideo pluris quam Cossus agebat, 145 Quam Basilus. Rara in tenui facundia panno.

Quando licet Basilo flentem producere matrem?
Quis bene dicentem Basilum ferat ? Accipiat te
Gallia vel potius nutricula causidicorum

Africa, si placuit mercedem ponere linguæ. 150 Declamare doces? O ferrea pectora Vectî,

Quum perimit sævos classis numerosa tyrannos!

Nam quæcumque sedens modo legerat, hæc eadem stans Le Proferet atque eadem cantabit versibus îsdem.

Occidit miseros crambe repetita magistros.

Luc. Suet. Tib. 30. (CAS.) rabulæ bene 147. · However well he may speak.' comitati per forum reducuntur; Quint. LU. xi, R.

148. In Gaul and Africa eloquence 'A chair, into which you may get was still encouraged by the multiplicity when you please.' LU. i. 64. R. of law.suits. SCH. cf. i. 44. xv. 111. Togali; iii. 127, vote. M.

Quint. x. 1. 3. PR. 143. · Before you.' circumpedes sunt 150. Ferrea · quite steeled against obsequia servorum: antepedes amicorum; the assaults of impatience or fatigue.' Agroet. de Orthogr. p. 2274. T. ante- cf. i. 31, note. M. Ò duru messorum ilia! ambulones; Mart. 11. xviii. 5. 111. vii. 2. Hor. Ep. iii. 4. xlvi. PR. X. Ixxiv. 3. R.

Vectius Valens, an eminent professor of He only hired the ring, being too rhetoric: Plin. xxix. 1. PR. poor to buy one.' M. cf. iii. 180 sqq. 151. “A school, Where boys, in long vi. 352 sqq. R. This hired ring seems to succession, rave and storm At tyranny, have answered even better than the war. through many a crowded form." This horse of Æmilius; for Paulus, in process unfortunate race, besides having their of time, obtained great practice, and, beads distracted with these everlastconsequently, great riches. Martial had ing declamations, were sometimes liable the misfortune to be under his patronage; to lose them altogether. Domitian acwhich, like that of many other parvenus, tually put one of them (named Maternus) was so burthensome, that the poet, in a to death for a rhetorical flourish about tyfit of spleen, threatens to shake it off ranny, which was produced in his school. entirely: V. xxiii. This is one of the few Dio. G. cf. i. 15–17, notes. M. vii. occasions on which Martial speaks out; 160–170. Tac. D. de Or. 35. Sen. but he was not a man to carry his Contr. vii. Quint. Decl. et Instit. II. x. independent language into practice. G. 4. Petr. i. R. note on 204. pueros maMight not Æmilius and Paulus be one gistri in classes distribuebani et iis ordiand the same person ?

nem dicendi secundum vires ingenii dabant; Agebat ; 122. 125. R. 144.

Quint. i. 2. PR. 144. "A sardonyx ;' Pers. i. 16. 152. What the class sit down and (CAS.) PR, vi. 382. Mart. II. xxix. 2. learn by reading over, that they stand up R.

and repeat; the very same lines in the 145. Basilus; x. 222. R.

same tone and twang.' ACH. cantilenam • Rare' in the vulgar opinion, not in eandem canentes; Ter. Phor. III. ii. 10. reality. sæpe est etiam sub palliolo sor. R. Η αυτοί σερί των αυτών τους αυτούς τα dido sapientia ; Cæcil. Cic. T. Q. iii. 56. autá an author quoted by GR. PR. cf. viii. 47 sqq. R.

154. There was a Greek proverb : 146. Cf. Cic. Verr. 3. for Font. 17 &c. dis xgépßns Bovatos. I'S.

• warmed-up PR.

cabbage.' M.

155 Quis color et quod sit causæ genus atque ubi summa

Quæstio, quæ veniant diversæ forte sagittæ,
Nosse velint omnes, mercedem solvere nemo.
“ Mercedem appellas ? quid enim scio ?”. Culpa docentis

Scilicet arguitur, quod læva in parte mamillæ 160 Nil salit Arcadico juveni, cujus mihi sexta

Quaque die miserum dirus caput Hannibal implet;
Quidquid id est, de quo deliberat, an petat Urbem
A Cannis, an post nimbos et fulmina cautus

Circumagat madidas a tempestate cohortes. 165 “Quantum vis stipulare, et protenus accipe, quod do,

Ut toties illum pater audiat.” Ast alii sexki
Et plures uno conclamant ore Sophistæ

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155. Color; vi. 280. PR, or the or- Philostr. iii. whence the proverb 'Agráðos naments of diction.' LU. Cic. Or. III. Badoonka, 'an Arcadian sprig.' BRO. 25. 52. R.

SCO. R. Genus: either deliberative, or de- 161. • Regularly once a week.' Suet. monstrative, or judicial. LU. Quint. Tib. 32. (CĂS.) R. iii. 4. PR, Cic. lnv. i. 5. 15, R.

Sent by the wrath of heaven (dirus • The upshot of the matter,' the main i.e. deorum ira) to be the dread of Rome jet of the question,' G. that on which (Hor. III Od. vi. 36. IV Od. iv. 42. R.) the case hinges.' SCH. Quint. iii. 5 sq. and the scourge of schoolmasters.' Cic. Inv. i. 6. 8 sqq. R.

• Whose declamation in the person of 156. "The shafts and shots of the Hannibal ;' vi. 170. PR. x, 167. R. adversary.' LU. By the same metaphor 162 sqq. According to Maharbal's we have Martem forensem; Ov. Pont. advice. Liv. xxii. 51. xxvi. 7–11. PoIV. vi. 29. peroraturus, stricturum se lyb. ix. 3 sqq. Sil. xii. 489_xiii. 93. lucubrationis suæ telum, minabatur ; LU. PR. R. Suet. Cal. 53. See v. 173. R.

163. Cf. ii. 155. PR. 158. Those who have given the most 165. · Stipulate for,' opposed to spontrouble, are most likely to demur at debo. ER. paying.

The schoolmaster offers to place any 159. Cur animalibus ceteris in medio stake in the hands of a third person, to pectore est, homini tantum infra laevam be paid the parent conditionally: The pa pillum; Plin. XI. 37 s 69. PR. father can have no conception of the task Pers. ii. 53. cor aliis animus videtur; ex he has imposed on his son's preceptor. quo eir cordes, vecordes, concor- Let him just make the experiment. I am des que dicuntur, et Nasica ille prudens sure no sum of money would induce him Corculum, et egregie corda tus to go on week after week bearing such homo catus Ælius Sextus: Empedocles a dull blockhead.' There were certain animum censet, cordi suffusum days, on which the parents came with sanguinem : alii in cerebro dixerunt their friends, to hear their sons recite animi esse sedem et locum; Cic, T. Q. speeches at school. Quint, ii. 7. x. 5. i. 9. R.

Pers. iii. 47. PR. M. R. 160. • There is no life or animation.' 167. • The whole pack are giving cor tibi rite salit; Pers. iii. 111. Sen. tongue at the same time;' either as barThy. 756. R.

risters, or in running down the intoleArcadia was celebrated for its breed rable hardships of a sophist's life. PR. of asses; Pers. iii. 9. PR. Varr. R. R.

Sophiste professors of rhetoric and II. i. 14. Plin. viii. 43 s 68. Plaut. Asio. the belles lettres.' Cic. Acad. iv. 23. 11. j. 67. but not for the wits of its natives : Fin. ii. 1. R.

esse

Et veras agitant lites, raptore relicto;

Fusa venena silent, malus ingratusque maritus,
170, Et
rupeiche quæ jam veteres sanant mortaria cæcos.

Ergo sibi dabit ipse rudem, si nostra movebunt
Consilia, et vitæ diversum iter ingredietur,
Ad pugnam qui rhetorica descendit ab umbra,

Summula ne pereat, qua vilis tessera venit
175 Frumenti : quippe hæc merces lautissima. Tenta,

Chrysogonus quanti doceat vel Pollio quanti bela

Lautorum
Balnea sexcentis et pluris porticus, in qua
pueros, artem ad

!
Gestetur dominus, quoties pluit. Anne serenum

168. • Abandoning fictitious dis- 175. For this is the utmost return putations.' LU.

they have to expect.' R. lautissima, with Raptor ; e. g. Paris, who carried off reference to lautos just below, may be a Helen; Jason, who carried off Medea. sneer at the paltry pittance which noLU. cf. Sen. Controv. Quint. Declam. blemen devoted to the education of PR.

their sons : ' a right honourable remune169. · Poison, such as that mixed by ration truly!' Medea for Creusa, the youthful bride of 176. Chrysogonus, vi. 74. was a faJason, her faithless and ungrateful hus- vourite singer, and Pollio, vi. 387. a band, (LU. Sen. Cont. ii. 5. PR.) is favourite musician; both of them men of no longer heard of, R.

loose principles. Theodorus (according 170. · The drugs which promised to to Hesychius) was an infamous profligate. restore to all the faculties of youth the • The wealthy nobles place their sons, at blind and aged Pelias.' Ov. M. vii. an enormous expense, under the tuition 297–349. LU. Hygin. 24. Diodor. IV. of this singing-master and this music51 sq. R.

master, from whom they learn every 171. Cf. vi. 113. PR. Mart. III, thing that is bad.' ACH. See note on vi. xxxvi. 10. R.

452. He says' the Art' of Theodorus ; • The sophist indeed, if he followed because Theodorus of Gadara, an eminent my advice, would not rush into a Scylla rhetorician in the reign of Tiberius, (cf. 106—149.) to escape from a Cha- (Suet. 57. Quint. iii. 1. 11. i. 12. iv. 2. rybdis; but would strike out into a quite Strab. xiii. p. 625. xvi. p. 759. Lucian different line of life. R. cf, tenta, &c. in Macrob.) wrote several works. PR.

R. 173. Cf. Sen. Contr. iii. præf. R. 177. Scindens dividing, explaining in

174. The poorer citizens were furnished detail.' M. monthly, on the nones, by the magis- 178. On the magnificence of the Rotrates with a small tablet of lead or man baths,' see Sen. Ep. 51. 86. wood; which, on being presented to the Plin. Ep. i. 17. v. 6. Vitr. v. 10. keepers of the public granaries, entitled GR. the bearers to a certain quantity of Sexcentis; nearly £5000. i. 92, note. corn,' either gratis, or upon some small Porticus; iv. 5 sqq. GR. More for a payment : Tac. A. xv. 39. These tal- spacious portico they pay, In which to lies, as appears from the text, were trans- amble on a showery day. Shall they, ferable: those who were not in want of for brighter skies, at home remain? Or corn disposed of them for a 'trifling dash their pamper'd mules through mud sum.' LU. LI. Pers. v. 73 sq. (K.) PR. and rain ? No: let them ride beneath cf. Suet. Aug. 42. Cæs. 41. (CAS.) Dio the stately roof, For there no mire can xliii. 21. lx. 10. Or vilis frumenti of soil the shining hoof." G. intra limen damaged corn.' K. R.

lutus essedo cursus; Mart. XII. lvii. 23.

175 sqq.

180 Exspectet spargatque luto jumenta recenti?

Hic potius: namque hic mundæ nitet ungula mula.
Parte alia longis Numidarum fulta columnis
Surgat et algentem rapiat cænatio solem.

Quanticumque domus, veniet, qui fercula docte 185 Componat; veniet, qui pulmentaria condat.

Hos inter sumtus sestertia Quintiliano,
Ut multum, duo sufficient. Res nulla minoris
Constabit patri, quam filius. “ Unde igitur tot

, Quintilianus habet saltus?” Exempla novorum 190 Fatorum transi : felix et pulcer et acer;

Felix et sapiens et nobilis et generosus
Appositam nigræ lunam subtexit alutæ :

one. PR.

182. Columnas ultima recisus Africa; moderate fortune. vi. 32. This disHor. II Od. xviii. 4 sqg. LU. Plin. crepancy may be accounted for by the Xxxvi. 6. PR. Id. v. 3. Stat. S. I. v. 36. differeni circumstances of the two writers. (B.) R. Id. quoted in the wole on iii. What appeared immeose to Juvenal, 258.

might be far from seeming so to such a 183. The rich had different dining. wealthy man as Pliny. It is satisfactory, parlours, according to the different sea- however, to know, that this amiable and sons of the year. Varr. L. L. iv. cf. virtuous character experienced none of Suet. Aug. 72. Ner. 31. CAS. Col. i. the neglect and poverty which over5 sq. Plin. Ep. I. xvii, 10 sqq. R. · This whelmed so many of his brethren. G. R. saloon caught the cool sun; ' i.e. either He taught rhetoric for twenty years ; he the winter's sun by a southern aspect, was also the first who opened a public or the early summer's sun by an eastern school at Rome; and he had an annual

salary from the treasury, of more than 184. “ Cost these whatever sum, Cooks £800. cf. Mart. II. xc. Cassiodor. LU. and confectioners are yet to come." G. R. G.

Fercula; i. 94. docte componat ; cf. v. 189. • Instances of unprecedented good 120 sqq. R.

fortune.' T. 185. Pulmentaria' victuals’in general : 190. · He is lucky; and luck is every so called from puls, which the Romans thing: if a man has but luck, he bas all long used instead of bread. Pers. vi. 40. goods, corporeal, intellectual, and exterCic. T. Q. v. 90. PR. xiv. 171. Plin. nal.' LU. cf. Hor. I Ep. i. 106 sqq. xviii. 8. R.

I S. iii. 121 sq. R. 186. Little more than £16 per annum, 192. Senators had black shoes of to the first-rate rhetorician. vi. 280. R. tanned leather ; the form was somewhat and 75. G.

like a short boot, reaching nearly to the 187. ' At the outside.' The whole of middle of the leg, as they are sometimes this passage, from v. 178. seems an imi- seen in statues and bas-reliefs; with a tation of Crates the Theban : ribu pa- crescent, or the letter C, in front of γείρω μιας δίκα, ιατρώ δραχμών. κόλακι them ; because the original number of τάλαντα δίκα, συμβούλω καπνον, πόρνη senators was one hundred. VS. FA. réhavtor, Qiaorspo Teiußodor. Eph. in his G. Plut. Q. R. PR. This moon was Life by Laert. GR.

a silver or ivory buckle worn above the 188. Filius. the education of a son.' instep : το σύμβολον της ευγενείας περιης

Juvenal instances Quintilian as a rich τημίνος τα υποδήματι τούτο δε έστιν man, while Pliny, in a letter which does irio Queron laspártivov pomyosidis Philostr. equal bonour to himself and his master, V. Her. ii. 8. p. 55. (OL.) Marcellus (for such Quintilian was,) talks of bis derives the origin of this ornament from

Felix, orator quoque maximus et jaculator ;

Etsi perfrixit, cantat bene. Distat enim, quæ 195 Sidera te excipiant modo primos incipientem

Edere vagitus et adhuc a matre rubentem.
Si Fortuna volet, fies de rhetore consul:
Si volet hæc eadem, fies de consule rhetor.
Ventidius quid enim ? quid Tullius? anne aliud, quam

the Tuscans (cf. SV, on Virg. Æ. viii. 198. Valerius Licinianus, LU, a most 458.), and from Mercury, who, in rescu. eloquent speaker, was expelled the senate, ing Æneas from the Greeks, placed about this time, on suspicion of an incesαστερόεντα περί σφυρά σίδιλα, τα λίγoυσι tuous intrigue with the vestal Cornelia, xal 'Equáwuae pogñvær o di oi tipi soci (ii. 29, note) and banished into Sicily, σαωτής παμφανίων ενέκειτο στιληναίης κύ- where he set up a school; exul de senazdos arrang: v. 23 sqq. in Br. Atı. t. ii. tore, rhetor de oratore factus. His openp. 302 sq. non hesterna sedet lunata lin. ing speech is very like the above distich: gula planta ; Mart. II. xxix. 7. Of new Quos tibi, Fortuna, ludos facis. Facis pobles, the saying was: Thy súvivery in enim ex professoribus senatores, ex senaseis dotparáãos e xus. J. Ov. Her. ix. toribus professores!" Plin. Ep. iv. 11. 60. (H.) R.

PR. G. cf. eund. vii. 42 sqq. R. Our Nigris medium impediit crus pellibus, times afford more extraordinary instances et latum demisit pectore clavum ; Hor. of the sport of Fortune. ACH. The preI S. vi. 27 sq. PR. Yet Martial has sent king of the French, Louis-Philippe, coccina cingit aluta pedem ; II. xxix. 8. once kept a school. and Ovid, speaking of a lady, nivea alutu;

199. P. Ventidius Bassus was born at A. A. iii. 271.(H).cf. also Vopisc. Aur. Asculum in the Picenian territory, and 49. Plia, ix. 17. FE. R.

led in triumph, with his mother, among 193. Jaculator 'a logician.' LU. vi. the captives taken in the Social War by 450. PR. note on 156. M. jaculatio Cn. Pomp. Strabo, father of Pompey the verborum ; Quint. vi. 3. R.

Great. He became an errand-boy, next 194. ' Though hoarse with a cold.' a wagoner, then a muleteer, a soldier, perfrixisse tuas questa est præfatio centurion, and (by the influence of Cæsar fauces; Mart. III. xviii. 1. FA. Front. and the two Antonii) tribune of the Strat. I. xii. 11. R.

people, prætor, and, in the same year, 195. The stars which preside over pontiff and consul. He obtained a splenthe natal hour make all the difference.' did triumph (201.) over the Parthians, LU. vi. 553, note ; sqq. R. 570, notes. and, finally, was honoured with a public Pers. v. 45 sqq. PR. ix. 32 sqq. M. funeral. His elevation to the consulship Some, according to the proverb, are was considered, at the time, as an extra" born with a gold spoon in their mouth.” ordinary event, and gave rise to many

196. A new-born infant looks red, sarcastic effusions. One of these is come owing to its thin and tender skin. PR. down to us : concurrite omnes augures, BRO.

aruspices! portentum inusitatum confla197. Natura, futum, fortuna, casus, tum est recens ; nam mulos qui fricabat unius et ejusdem Dei nomina sunt; Sen. consul factus est. Time, however, which LU. cf. iii. 39 sq. R.

does justice to merit, established his Quintilianus, consularia per Clementem claims and silenced, perhaps shamed, his ornamenta sortitus, honestamenta nominis enemies. V.Max. vi. 9 sq. Cic. Ep. Fam. potius videtur quam insignia potestatis 10. Gell. xv. 4. Plin. vii. 43. Plut. V. habuisse ; Aus. Gr. Act. p. 712. Fronto. Ant. t. i. p.931. Dio xlviii sq. App. B.C. nem Antonini Augusti magistrum consu- i. 47.(SW.) iii. 66. 80. iv. 2. v. 31-35. latus ornavit ; ibid. PR. Suet. de Ill. 50. 65. B. P. 71-74. VS. LU. PR. R. Rh. I. Ausonius himself was advanced G. to the consulship (in a succeeding age) Servius Tullius, who was born of a by his pupil Gratian, A.D. 379. ibid. female slave, succeeded Tarquin the

Elder, LU.and was the sixth and the last

G.

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