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A carbone et fórcipibus gladiosque parante
Incude et luteo Vulcano ad rhetora misit.
Bellorum exuviæ; truncis affixa tropæis

Lorica et fracta de casside buccula pendens
135 Et curtum temone jugum victæque triremis

Aplustre et summo tristis captivus in arcu
Humanis majorá bonis creduntur: ad hæc se
Romanus Graiusque ac barbarus endoperator

Erexit; causas discriminis atque laboris
140 Inde habuit. Tanto major famæ sitis est, quam

Virtutis. Quis enim virtutem amplectitur ipsam,
Præmia si tollas? Patriam tamen obruit olim pleting Cond liten
" Gloria paucorum et laudis titulique cupido
Hæsuri saxis cinerum custodibus; ad quæ


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fuligine oblinuntur; Sen. Ep. 94. juges stantesque duces in curribus altis, R.

Fabricios, Curios, hinc Drusos, inde Ca. 131. Versantque tenaci forcipe massam; millos, sub pedibusque ducum captivos Virg. Æ. viii. 453. PR.

poplite flexo ad juga depressos manibusque 132. ' Sooty.' LU.

in terga retortis; Prud. Sym. ii. GR. Vulcan was the god of fire and forges. The poet here, by the way, ridicules the PR.

absurd ambition of Domitian, qui Janos Rhetora viz. Isæus. SCH. He could arcusque, cum quadrigis et insignibus not afford to place him under Isocrates. triumphorum, per regiones Urbis tantos ac Plut. PR.

tot exstruxit, ut cuidam Græce inscriptum 133. Compare Virgil's description of sit úgzei!” Suet. 13. R. a trophy, Æ. xi. 1 sqq. (HY.) so called 138. Roman' viz. Marius, Sulla, from tporn' the enemy's turning to fly.' Pompey, Cæsar, &c. • Greek' viz. PR. Suet. Cæs. 11. ER. PTR, iii. 12. Pausanias, Lysander, Alexander, &c. R.

• Barbarian' viz. Hannibal, Antiochus, 134. Lorica (originally made of lori Xerxes, Jugurtha, Mithridates, &c. R. 'thongs,'LU.) a cuirass ;' which is de- LU. rived from cuir · leather,' for the same 141. Nec facile invenies multis in mil

libus unum, virtutem pretium qui putet Buccula · the beaver.' M. There was esse sui ; ipse decor recti, facti si præmia one for the protection of each cheek. LU. desint, non movet, et gratis pænitet esse It was made of metal, flexible, and fast- prohum; Ov. Pont. 11. iii. 7 sqq. satis est ened under the chin : alii de concavo tibi in ipsa conscientia pulcherrimi facti fruccassidis erituro fierilium laminarum vin- tus; Cic. Phil. ii. PR.“ Virtue seldom cula diffibulant; Sidon. III Ep. iii. p. 64. walks forth," it has been said, “without cf. xi. 103. Sil. xiv. 158. 163. Hom. II. Vanity at her side.” M. E 743. (HY.) R. Our life-guards have 142. Qua cæcitate homines cum quæa similar appendage to their helmets. dam præclara etiam cuperent, eaque ne

136. Aplustre 'the flag.' LU. It was scirent, nec ubi, niec qualia essent, funditus an ornamental part of the galley, VS. out alii cverterunt suas civitates, alii ipsi occiof which rose a staff with a streamer on derunt; &c. Cic. T. Q. iii. 4. PR. Liv. the top. AD. Sil. x. 324. R. note on vi. 14. 6. R. äpaartov Her, vi. 114.

143. · Of a few' viz. Marius, Sulla, Triumphal arches were at first built of Cinna, Pompey, Cæsar, Crassus, Antony, brick, afterwards of hewn stone, and at Octavius. VS. LU, R. length of marble. Ll. frustra igitur 144. To be inscribed on the marble.' currus summo miramur in arcu quadri. 1S.



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145 Discutienda valent sterilis mala robora ficus :

fata sepulcris. 'misterstw
Expende Hannibalem: quot libras in duce summo
Invenies ? Hic est, quem non capit Africa Mauro
Percussa Oceano Niloque admota tepenti

, 150'Rursus ad Æthiopum populos altosque elephantos.

Additur imperiis Hispania : Pyrenæum
Transsilit. Opposuit natura Alpemque nivemque:
Diducit scopulos et montem rumpit aceto.

145. •The wild fig-trce' often displays savosque leones ; iv. 667. Juvenal had its ' mischievous powers' by insinuating probably in his view another passage of its root into the minutest fissure, and thus the same author : ipsa natat tellus pelagi fracturing and destroying the monuments lustrata corona, cingentis medium liquidis of antiquity, marmora Messalæ findit ca- amplexibus orbem, inque sinus pontum reprificus; Nart. X. ii. 9. LU. Pers. i. 24 cipit, qui vespere ab atro udmissus dextra sqq. (CAS.) M. Prop. IV. v. 74. Plin. Numidas Libyamque calentem alluit et xvi. 19. Isid. xvii. 6. Hor. Ep. v. 17. R. magnæ quondam Carthaginis arces; litora

146. Prop. 111. ii. 19 sqq. monimenta que in Syrtes revocans sinuatu vadosas fatiscunt, mors etiam saxis nominibusque rursum usque ad Nilum directis fluctibus venit; Auson. Ep. xxxv. 9 sq. R. exit ; 596-602. HK.

147. 'Weigh the remains of Hannibal.' 151. • To the dominions of Carthage.' VS. και πάσι μακαρτος, φεύ, τόσσης γαίης R. osrov izou pógrov ; Leonid. Ep. Ixix. 6. in Spain' was first invaded by Amilcar Br. An. cf. Prop. II. vii. 51. IV. xi. 14. and Asdrubal. Hannibal established Ov. M. xii. 615 sq. Plin. ii. 68. R. Sir inore firmly the footing of his countrymen John Paterson (see Statist. Acc. of Scot- there. LU. land) had the curiosity to collect and · The Pyrenees,' between Spain and weigh the ashes of a person discovered a France. LU. few years since in the parish of Eccles; 152. · He bounds across.' G. cf. Liv. which he was happily enabled to do xxi. 5—23. with great facility, as the inside of the • Has placed as a barrier.' hos transcoffin was smooth, and the whole body scendisse quoque mirum fuit, atque in porvisible.” Wonderful to relate, he found tento prope majores habuere Alpes ub the whole did not exceed in weight one Hannibale ersuperatas et postea a Cimbris; ounce and a half! G.

Plin. xxxvi. pro. PR. Liv. v. 34. xxi. 30. 148. · The Moorish Ocean. Hor. II Rutilius has imitated our author : exOd. vi. 3. R.

cubiis Latii præteruit (Deus) Apenninum Capit; cf. 168. non orbita solis, non claustraque montanis vix adeunda viis. illum natura capit ; Claud. Ruf. ii. 155. invidiam timuit natura parumque putavit R.

Arctois Alpes opposuisse minis &c. Itin. ii. 149. Cf. vi. 527 note. Many of the 33 sqq. Horace has a similar idea; neancients seemed to consider the Nile as quidquam deus abscidit prudens oceano the boundary between Asia and Africa. dissociabili terras, si tamen impice non R. Herod. ii. 16. &c.

tangenda rates transsiliunt vada ; 150. Rursus ' moreover;' vi. 155. M. I Od. iii. 21 sqq. R.

Elephantos fert Africa ultra Syrlicas • The Alp,' Sil. xii. 741. ‘and snow.' solitudines, ct in Mauritania : ferunt Liv. xxi. 35—37. Sil. iii. 518 sqq. R. Æthiopes et Troglodytæ ; sed muximos 153. · He cleaves.'. Polybius omits, India; Plin. viii. 11.9 sq. PR. Polyb. as fabulous, the story of the vinegar ; v. 84. App. Syr. 31. R. This denotes but it is given by Livy xxi. 37. SCH. the interior of Africa, as the two pre- and Appian B. H. 4. cf. Sil. ij. 640. ceding lines signify the western and east- R. Plio. xxiii. 1. M. See Whitaker's ern parts respectively. ACH. Manilius learned and ingenious work on this subsays of Æthiopia et vastos elephantes habet ject : G. and note on 174.

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Jam tenet Italiam : tamen ultra pergere tendit.
155 “ Actum" inquit “ nihil est, nisi Peno milite portas

Frangimus et media vexillum pono Subura.'l».
O qualis facies et quali dignạ tabella,
Quụm Gætula ducem portaret belua luscum !

Esse sowi
Exitus ergo quis est ? O gloria ! vincitur idem??
160 Nempe et in exsilium præceps fugit atque ibi magnus

Mirandusque cliens sedet ad prætoria regis,
Donec Bithyno libeat vigilare tyranno.

Finem animæ, quæ res humanas miscuit olim,
Non gladii

, non saxa dabưnt, nec tela; sed ille
165 Cannarum vindex aç tanti sanguinis ultor, a smile on mencie

Annulus, 1, demens, et sævas curre per Alpes,

pueris placeas et declamatio fias!
Unus Pellæo juveni non sufficit orbis :

Æstuat infelix angusto limite mundi,
170 Ut Gyaræ clausus scopulis pārvāque Seripho.


155. Nil actum credens, dum quid (prætorium, i. 75, note,) of Prusias, for superesset agendum; Luc. ii. 657.

whom he conducted with success the war Pæni, posvexts, Punici. PR. The inler. against Eumenes. LU. Liv. xxxix. 51. R. change of æ and u is frequent in Latin ; 166. When the Romans sent Q. Flafor instance, pæna, forn, punio: mænia, minius to Bithynia, demanding the person munio; &c.

of Hannibal, he destroyed himself by a • The gates of Rome.' LU. cf. Liv. strong poison, which he had always bad xxvi. 7-11. R.

in readiness in his 'ring.' Liv. xxxix. 51. 157. What an excellent caricature it Plut. Han. Opp. t. i. p. 380. PR. Aur. would make!' BRI. R.

Victor de Vir. 111. 42. Some persons sub
158. ' The Gætulian beast' is an ele- gemmis venena eludunt, sicut Demosthenes,
phant. LU.

summus Græciæ orator, annulosque mortis
Hannibal lost an eye by the damps gratia habent; Plin. xxxii. I s 6. R.
and fatigue in crossing the marshes, when Ihere is an allusion to the bushels of
he was making his way into Etruria over rings taken at Cannæ. LU.
the Appennines. LU. ipse Hannibal, ager 167. Cf. vii. 161 sqq. LU. Ov. Am.
oculis, ex verna primum intemperie calores I. xiii. 36. III. i, 21. A. A. ii. 561.
et frigora vuriante ; elephanto, qui unus (H. BU.) Prop. I. v. 26. (PAS. VU.)
superfuerat, quod altius ab aqua exstaret, Plin. Ep. VIII. xviii. 11. (CO.) R.
vectus; vigiliis tandem et nocturno hu. 168. Alexandri magni pectus insatiabile
more, palustrique cælo caput gravante, et laudis, qui Anatarcho comiti suo ex anc-
quia medendi nec locus nec tempus erat, toritate Democriti præceptoris innu.
altero oculo capitur ; Liv. xxii. 2. Plut. merabiles mundos esse referenti, " heu me"
PR. Polyb. iii. 79. C. Nep. Han. 4. inquit miserum, quod ne uno quidem

adhuc potitus sum !

angusta homini
159. He is vanquished by Scipio in gloriæ possessio fuit, quée deorum omnium
Africa. LU. Liv. xxx. 29-37. R. domicilio sufficit; V. Max, viii. 14. ext. 2.

160. Being accused by the Romans at PR. Plut. Alex, et Them. LU. Sen.
Carthage, he fled first to Antiochus king Phil. Ep. 91. 119. Q. Curt. R.
of Syria. LU. Liv. xxxiii. 47-_-49. xxxiv. He was born at Pella the seat of the
60 sq. xxxv. 14. 19. xxxvi. 7. 15. R. Macedonian empire. VS.

161. From Syria he fled to the court 170. Gyaræ ; i. 73. Seripho; vi. 563.

to uliota

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e pesche Portukseen

Quum tamen a figulis munītam intraverit urbem,
Sarcophago contentus erit. Mors sola fatetur,
Quantula sint hominum corpuscula. Creditur olim

Velificatus Athos et quidquid Græcia mendax 175 Audet in historia : constratum classibus îsdem tevate

Suppositumque rotis solidum mare: credimus altos
'Defecisse amnes ēpotaque flumina Medo
Prandente, et madidis cantat quæ Sostratus alis.

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v. 153.

LU, Stratonicus, who was banished to us Affect such wanton and irregular
the former spot for defamation, found it paths; When that's gone, we are quiet
so uncomfortable, that he one day asked as the earth, And think no more of wan.
his host what crime was punished with dering;” Shirley, The Wedding. G.
exile in his country. The man said 174. Athos, now · Monte Santo,'-a

Perjury.” Why do you not for- peninsula of Macedonia. Plin. iv. 10. swear yourself then,” replied Strato- PR. remige Medo solicitutus Athos ; nicus, •* to get sent away from this de- Claud. iii. 336. R. A canal somewhat testable place ?" G.

less than that of Black wall would be 171. T'he walls of Babylon were of sufficient for the ancient triremes: and brick : dicitur altam coctilibus muris yet even that, if neglected, would be cincisse Semiramis urbem ; Ov. M. iv. 57 completely filled up in a few centuries. G. sq. M. VS. Diodor. ii. 7. iii. 4. Justin See the notes on Herod. vii. 24. Basil i. 2. PR. Id. xii. 13. LU. Her. i. 178 sq. Hall's Trav. in N. Am.v.i. p. 173. Diary Curt. v. 1. Alexander died at Babylon of an Invalid, v. ii. p. 63. compared with on the same day that Diogenes died at Corioth. D. Laert. VI. ii. 11. Plut. Græcorum dicto quis augendi omnia stuAlex. Opp. t. i. p. 705 sqq. Arrian Al. dium est ; Aur. Vict. Cal. LU. portentosa vii. Seneca Suas. iv. R.

Græciæ mendacia ; Plin. v. 1. PR. cf. xiv. 172. Σαρκοφάγος was the name of a 240. Her. vii. 20 sqq. viii. 1 sqq. Diodor. peculiar kind of stone, found in veins at xi. 245. Isoc. Panath. Æsch. Pers. Assos a promontory of Troas, which was Strab. xiii. Plut. Them, aod Alc. Claud. said to consume the flesh of bodies de- Ruf. i. 336 sqq. ii. 120 sqq. (B. K.) Just. posited therein, in the space of forty ii. 10. Virg. Cul. 29 sqq. Himer. Or. ii. days. SA. Plin. ii. 96. xxxvi. 17 s 37. p. 408. (WE.) R. Note on Her. vii. 35. PR. Dioscor. v. 142. R.

(Livy xxviii, 43, 6. ED.) Hall has a fine allusion to this sen- 176. Cf. Suet. Cal. 19. PR. Lucr. timent ; “ Fond fool! six feet shall serve iii. 1042 sqq. R. for all thy store, And he that cares 177. Viz. the Scamander, the Onofor rnost, shall find no more.” What chopus, the A pidanus, and the Echedorus; barmonious monosyllables! but this is Her. vii. 42. 196. R. surpassed by that beautiful and pathetic • The Mede' may either mean the apostrophe of Prince Henry to the lifeless Asiatic hosts, LU. or Xerxes, king of the remains of Hotspur : “ Fare thee well, Medes and Persians. Thuc. i. 92. &c. great heart! Ill-weaved ambition, how 178. Of Sostratus the poet nothing is much art thou shrunk ! When that this known. The extravagant flights of his body did contain a spirit, A kingdom for fancy appear to have been influenced by it was too small a bound; But now, two his copious libations to the god of wine. paces of the vilest earth Is room enough!" LU. GR. cf. xv. 47. R. 'The meaning K. H. iv. pt. i. A. V. sc. iv. The reader may be that Sostratus few heavily and of taste and feeling will be pleased with was unable to soar (Hor. IV Od. ii. 27.). the following exquisite allusion to the from his wings being surcharged with same passage : Does this enclose his moisture; HK. not with what is vulgarly corpse? How little room Do we take up called “heavy wet." There is indeed in death, that, living, know No bounds! a favourite English Bacchanalian song Here, without murmuring, we can Be in which a threat is held out, if old circumscribed : it is the soul, that makes father Time is caught, “ Io rosy wine to

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Ille tamen qualis rediit Salamine relicta,

180 In Corum atque Eurum solitus sævire flagellis
plin, Barbarus, Æolio numquam hoc in carcere passos, i isha

Ipsum compedibus qui vinxerat Ennosigæum?:
Mitius id sane, quod non et stigmate dignum

Credidit. Huic quisquam vellet servire Deorum?
185 Sed qualis rediit? Nempe una nave, cruentis

Fluctibus, ac tarda per densa cadavera prora.
Has toties optata exegit gloria pænas.reha.i.in

“ Da spatium vitæ, multos da, Jupiter, annos !"" thenraina

Hoc recto vultu solum, hoc et pallidus optas. 190 Sed quam continuis et quantis longa senectus

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dip his wings;" but the latter interpre- 186. Either this is hyperbolical ; or it tation seems more natural, cf. v. ioi, alludes to the Persians in the king's suite

throwing themselves overboard to save 179. “After his defeat by the Greeks.' his life. Her. viii. 118 sq. R. see the notes. VS.

medius inter suorum cadavera in180. • The north-west wind and south- cessit ; Sen. de Ira III. xvii, 1. east wind,' Plin. ii. 47. PR. for destroy- 188. "Οχληρον ο χρόνος και πολύς και ing his bridges over the Hellespont. LU. vñgas sapi, w's oudis dyalès, duoxseño dà cf. Sen. Const. Sap. 4. V. Max. iii. 2. πόλλ' ήγεις τους ζωσι και λυπηρά πάντες ert. 3. According to Herodotus he είς σε δε ελθείν όμως ευχόμεθα και στουwhipped the waves and not the winds. ocelousy Menand. G. quam bene vivas, non R.

quum diu, refert ; in hoc autein bene est 181. Xerxes;' cujus in nomine super. supius, ne diu ; Sen. Ep. 101. LU. PR. bia et impotentia habitat; V. Max. ix. 5. 189. • Both well and sick, FA. ext. 2. R. Bae apes Thuc. i. 18. whether happy or sad,' VS boldly &c.

and anxiously : cf. Pers. ii. 8. LU. vi. • The Æolian prison' alludes to the 401. R. description given in Virg. Æ. i. 51 sqq. 190. Τον υπέργηρων, οδόντας τρείς έτι (HY, exc.) LU.

λοιπούς έχοντα, μόγις δρώντα, οικίσαις 182. Ennosigaum. cf. Gell. ii. 28. PR. réopaow (TiXsxupéra, ropuens fees are Sen. N. Q. vi. 6-8. R. 'Εννοσίγαιος ρινα, λήμης δε τους οφθαλμούς μεστον όντα, Hom. II, H 455. note on Her. vii. 39. ουδέν έτι ήδυ είδοτα, έμψυχόν τινα τάφον,

183. "Ηδη δε ήκουσα ως και στιγέας υπό των νέων καταγελώμενον Luc. D. επίπεμψε στίξονας τον Ελλήσποντον: Mort, vi. 2. Maxim. El. i. in IVE,'s Poet. Her. vii. 35. ariyuata were letters bran- L. Min. t. vi. Plin. vii. 50. Hor. A. P. ded on the forehead of fugitive slaves 169 sqq. contrasted with Cic. de Sen. R. and rogues ; xiv. 24. V. Max. ii. 29. In this striking description of old age, Petr. vi. 8. epigrammata; Id. 103. R. Juvenal seems to have ihought of a pas.

184. “In mythology we have stories of sage in Crates, thus admirably rendered the gods deigning to serve mortals : thus by Cumberland : “ Hard choice, for man Apollo lived with Admetus in the

capa- to die, or else to be That tottering, city of shepherd; Neptune worked for wretched, wrinkled thing you see. Laomedon as a mason and bricklayer; then we all prefer ; for age we pray, but I much question whether any of the And travel on to life's last lingering day; celestials would trust themselves within Then sinking slowly down from worse to the clutches of his Persian majesty.' VS. worse, Find heaven's extorted boon our PR.

greatest curse." But indeed the idea is 185. Piscatoria scapha ; Justin, ii. 13. sutficiently obvious, and has had good vnos Doniconi'. Her. viii. 118. R. See things said on it in every age; here is one the note.

of them : " Some comfort We have in


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