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PRE FACE.

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In these pages I have endeavoured to set out in a connected form the most important features in the past history and present circumstances of South Africa.

Additional information, with extracts from authorities somewhat difficult of access, is contained in the Notes; and I have added a Historical Summary, a Statistical Appendix, and the Text of the Convention of London. This latter is given because of its importance (as governing to a large extent the present relationships of England to the Transvaal), and also because the Blue-book which contains it is, I understand, out of print.

I should perhaps say that I have been able to bring information acquired during a residence of nearly two years in the Cape Colony and Natal to bear upon the treatment of this subject.

W. B. W.

LAMB BUILDING,

June roth, 1895.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

SIR BARTLE FRERE AND FEDERATION.

Sir George Grey-Kafir Policy-German immigration-His

condemnation of dismemberment of South Africa, and pro-
posals for the introduction of a Federal system—The dis-

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Constitution of Natal a separate colony in 1848–European

emigration Physical characteristics of the country-
Carrying trade--Sugar Industry—Indian labour imported
for the plantations-Development of Coal Mines-Grant
of Responsible Government in 1893—Smallness of white
population (one in ten)-System of native administration

-Rapid increase of Kafir population-Question of the

growth of the Bantu population in South Africa—The

wider question of the ultimate numerical relationship

between the white and coloured races of the world raised

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