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ledge, or merely a perceptive faculty? 70-76 ; Historical achieve-
ments of Reason in Religion and Philosophy as a proof of its
insufficiency, 76-81 ; Natural Science, 81-83 ; Conscience : its
Nature and its Purport, 83-86 ; Necessity of Revelation proved from
the historical aberrations of Conscience, 86–89 ; Moral and Religious
need of Man-His feeling of Guilt and moral Dualism, 89-94.

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I. ATHEISM,

138-144

Historical manifestations-Goddess of Reason-German Atheists, 138–

140 ; Universal prevalence and psychological necessity of the Idea

of God-Intuitive certainty of the Divine existence, 140-143; Im-

possibility of proving the non-existence of God-Arrogance and

futility of Atheisin, 143, 144.

II. MATERIALISM,

145-161

Principles and History-Scientific Impotence, 145-148 ; Examination

of the main propositions of Materialism : (a) Is Sensuous Perception

the only source of Knowledge ?- Case of Laura Bridgman, 148-151 ;

() Is Mind merely an activity and effect of matter?-Relation

III. PANTHEISM,

161-190

Principles and connection with Polytheism, 161, 162 ; Spinoza and

Ilegel, 162-164. Scientific untenableness of Pantheism : (a) Shown

by Philosophy and Logic-Unproved assumptions and internal con-

tradictions in Spinoza and Hegel's conceptions of God, 164-168;

Whence our Personality ?—Personality no Limitation, but a Neces.
sity for the Absolute, 168–171 ;—(6) Shown by contemplation of the
visible universe-Cosmological and teleological proof of the exist-
ence of God, 171-174 ; Corroborations furnished by modern Natural
Science--Unconscious wisdom a contradiction in terms- Animal
instinct-Witness of History, 174-181 ;-(c) Shown by the history
of all Religions-Universal tendency to form personal conceptions
of their Deities, 181-183 ;-(d) Shown by first principles of Ethics
and Religion- Whence our conscience, sense of moral obligation,
religious consciousness ?-Necessity of a personal God for the moral
order of the universe, 183–185; Pantheism denies the freedom of
the Will, undermines Morality, and destroys the Personal Responsi-
bility of Man, 185-188 ; Results—Elements of Truth in Pantheism,
188-190.

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II. TRINITARIAN CONCEPTION OF THE DIVINE NATURE,

240-284

Deficiencies in certain ecclesiastical definitions of the dogma—Unity and

manifoldness of the Divine Nature according to Scripture, 240-244.

(A) Scripture testimonies, 244—(a) Respecting the Father, 245;—(6)

The Son-Christ's witness to His own consubstantiality and filial

subordination, 246-248; Apostolic testimonies to the Divine personal

pre-existence, and filial subordination of the Son, 248–251 ;—(c) The

Holy Ghost-Indication of personality in attributes and activities,

not identical with the human spirit, consubstantial with the Father

and the Son, 251-254 ;-(d) The Trinity as a whole- The Baptismal

formula, etc.- Ontological or economical Trinity ? 254–257 ; Indica-

tions of the Trinity in the Old Testament, 257-261; Combined opera-

tion of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost-Tritheism excluded-Results

and retrospect, 261-265. (B) Collateral supports of the doctrine de.

rived from Science: (a) From the history of other religions—A Trinity

of Deities in the religions of heathendom, 266-268; Lifelessness of

Abstract Monotheism, 268, 269 :-(6) Theological and Cosmological

advantages of the Trinitarian Conception, 269-271 ;—(c) Arguments

drawn from Speculative Theology, 271-275 ;-(d) Analogies from

Human Nature, the laws of thought, and the visible universe, 275–

278 ;-(e) The Trinitarian Idea in Modern Philosophy as a key to its

ultimate problems, 278-280 ; Moral necessity for the acceptance of

this Doctrine, and final appeal to Conscience, 280-284.

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Futile attempts at natural explanation-Impossibility of eliminating

the supernatural from the Gospel history, 348-353.

II. SCHENKEL'S “SKETCH OF THE CHARACTER OF JESUS,"

353-379

Treatment of the Gospel records - Self-contradictory caprice therein
displayed, 353-358 ; Denial of the Godhead of Christ-Attempt to

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