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Dod brought out this edition, so enriched, than Ekins, his former partner, printed, in double column, not only the Tracts appended by Dod, but also Religio Medici :--and thus, in 1659, produced, as altogether new, his unsold copies of the 3rd edition, with these enrichments, preceded by this titlepage:--Religio Medici : whereunto is added a Discourse of the Sepulchrall Urns, lately found in Norfolk. Together with the Garden of Cyrus; or the Quincunciall Lozenge, or Network Plantations of the Ancients, Artificially, Naturally, Mistically considered. With sundry Observations. By Thomas Brown, Doctour of Physick. Printed for the good of the Commonwealth ;—the whole set forth with a new title-page to the volume, calling it The last Edition, with the date 1659.

The Fifth Edition, in 4to. by the Assigns of Dod, in 1669, is nearly a reprint of his Fourth, and contains the two Discourses. It is remarkable for having a portrait, (the first, I believe, which appeared,) of the author; but so different from all others I have seen, that it is not easy to suppose them to have had a common original. Mr. Ottley, of the British Museum, has had the kindness to give me his opinion as to the engraver, that it may probably have been executed by John Dunstall.

The Sixth Edition, published by Ekins, under the author's especial superintendence, and with his final revision and improvements, and the last which appeared during his life-time, came out in 1672, in 4to. with this title :-Pseudodoxia, fc. The Sixth and last Edition, corrected and enlarged by the Author, with many Explanations, Additions, and Alterations throughout. Together with many more Marginal Observations, and a Table Alphabetical at the end. Jul. Scalig. Ex libris, 8c. London, Printed by J. R. for Nath. Ekins, 1672. A portrait by Van Hove accompanied it; which, in all probability, had a common original with all the subsequent portraits :--viz. that of Van der Bane, published with the Miscellany Tracts, in 1683—that of White, with the Works, in 1686—that of Van der Gucht, with the Posthumous Works, in 1712—that of Trotter, in Malcolm's Lives of Topographers


As declared in the Postscript-see p. 182. Of this edition there were large papers.

-together with a Mezzotinto, of which I have only seen one copy, in an illustrated “Blomfield's Norwich," in the Dean and Chapter's Library at Norwich—and a Dutch 4to. print, which probably accompanied a Dutch translation of the Works—and, lastly, our own, engraved by Mr. Edwards.

In 1686, Abp. Tenison published the folio volume, which contained the Seventh Edition of Pseudodoxia, Religio Medici, Hydriotaphia, and the Quincunx, together with the Miscellany Tracts, which he had himself first edited in 1983, (but of which many copies have a reprint title with the date 1684), with this title, in red and black ink :- The Works of the learned Sir Thomas Brown, Knt. Doctor of Physick, late of Norwich, containing I. Enquiries into Vulgar and Common Errors. II. Religio Medici ; with Annotations and Observations upon it. III. Hydriotaphia; or Urn Burial: Together with the Garden of Cyrus. IV. Certain Miscellany Tracts : 4 with Alphabetical Tables. London, Printed for Tho. Basset, Ric. Chiswell, Thos. Sawbridge, Charles Mearn, and Charles Brome. 1686. The volume consists of 652 pages, viz:- titles, preface, and contents, 18 pp.-Ps. Ep. and table, 344 pp.- Rel. Med. with title and prefaces,

Hydriotaphia and Urn Burial, with ditto, 60 pp. Tracts, &c. 114 pp.

I know of but three translations of Pseudodoxia : two of which are those of Grundal and Knorr, in 1668 and 1680, noticed before ;) the third is a French translation, in 2 vol. 12mo. of the seventh edition. I cannot say by whom it was made, unless by Peter Briot, the translator of Ricault's Ottoman Empire, and several other works into French.7

Watt mentions an edition of the Works of Browne in Latin, in 1682; but I have never seen it, nor any other tion of it. Peti, a mathematician, who wrote on comets, is mentioned 8 as having translated some part into Latin; and

116 PP.


4 First edited by the Abp. in 1683. Many (if not most) copies have a reprint title, 1684.

5 Preface to Rel. Med. p. xiii. 6 With this title :— Essai sur les Erreurs Populaires, ou Eramen de plusieurs Opinions reçues comme vrayes, qui sont fausses ou douteuses. Traduit de l'Anglois de Thom. Brown, Chevalier et Docteur en Medecine, Nouvelle edition revue et corrigée. Ex libris &c. Jul. Scalig. A Paris, Chez. Briasson, rue Saint Jacques, à la Science et à l'Ange Gardien. MDCCXXXVIII. Avec Approbation et privilège du Roy. My copy of this work has also reprint titles, with the date 1753. 7 See vol. i, p. 110.

& Vol. i, p. 113.

Isaac Grutero corresponded with Sir Thomas, respecting a translation which he was preparing; but which I believe never appeared.

In 1652 our old enemy, Alexander Ross, again took up arms, and made an attack at the same time on our author, and on Lord Bacon, Dr. Harvey, and others, in his Arcana Microcosmi.? To assail at once three such men, must be admitted as a proof that Alexander was not wanting in spirit; and to say the truth, there is much amusement to be found in the volume. He adheres to antiquity, "through thick and thin," as John Gilpin hath it; but in his very blunders and wrongheadedness, he often shews a quaintness and humour which not a little atones for them.

The next, and I believe the only other attack which appeared in print, was the Still Gale of John Robinson, a pompous and somewhat coxcombical personage, who calls himself “his fellow citzen and collegian." There was little in this gale to ruffle a far more excitable antagonist than Sir Thomas; and it seems to have died away unnoticed.

9 Gruter published several of Lord Bacon's pieces in Latin; and Abp. Tenison, in his Baconiana, (Lond. 1679, sm. 8vo.) has given, at p. 221, several Latin letters on the subject, from Isaac Gruter to Dr. Rawley, similar to those mentioned at p. 351, vol. 1.

Arcana Microcosmi : or, The hid Secrets of Man's Body discovered ; in an Anatomical Duel between Aristotle and Gulen concerning the Paris thereof : as also, by a discovery of the strange and marvellous Diseases, Symptomes and Accidents of Man's Body. With a Refutation of Doctor Brown's Vulgar Errors, the Lord Bacon's Natural History, and Doctor Harvy's Book de Generatione, Comenius, and Others ; whereto is annered a Letter from Doctor Pr. to the Author, and his Answer thereto, touching Doctor Harry's Book de Generatione. By A. R. London, Printed by Tho. Newcomb, and are to bee sold by John Clark, entering into Mercers-Chappel, the lower end of Cheapside. 1652. The title, preface, and contents, occupy 16 pp. Arcana, &c. 268 pp. and Latin Letters 8 pp. and there are 4 pp. of Title, Epistle, &c. to the Appendix, inserted between pp. 208 and 209.

Dr. Kippis remarks, that “the Arcana is far from being so mean a piece as many have represented it. There is in it a great deal of vanity, and more spleen; but withal there wants not truth, learning, and some sense.

3 He published in 1649 a work entitled Miscellaneous Propositions and Quæres, by J. R. Dr. in Physick in Norwich-with this motto: Fabricanda Fabri Fimus, enclosed in a wreath. London, Printed for R. Royston, at the Angel in lvie Lane. That they are truly Miscellaneous, will be sufficiently proved by their enumeration : -1. of a Church. 2. of Ministers. 3. of Sacrainents. 4. of Adam. 5. of Marriage. 6. of Sympathy. 7. of an Egge. 8. of Swimming or Floating. 9. of Remedies. 10. of Telesmes. From this work it appears, that he was an Independent, in his opinions on church government, and the ministerial office. He held marriage to be a civil, not a religious institution. He seems to have been a person of some acuteness, and his belief in Satanic agency, resembled that of his fellow citzen Sir Thomas, as appears by his last chapter on “ Telesmes," whose effect in removing Epidemical diseases, "if any," he would ascribe " unto the Prince of the Air." This work he translated into Latin and published with two additional pieces, under the following title :--- Endoxa seu Questionum quarundam Miscellanearum eramen probabile, ut et Lapis ad Altare, sive Exploratio Locorum paucorum difficiliorum S. Scripturæ, una cum Pseudodoxia Epidemicæ Ventilatione tranquiita, per Johannem Robinsonum, M.D. (here occurs a rude wood cut of 3 faces, with this motto :) Sunt varia quamvis jacies mentesque aliene, Unus fit cordis nexus amore

The present Edition is printed from the folio of 1686, and all the important variations of that edition, from preceding ones, are pointed out in notes. The fifth book contains some pages of new matter, from the MSS. in the British Museum.

In speaking of the notes which accompany it, I must first mention those marked Wr. They were written by Dr. Christopher Wren, Dean of Windsor, and father of the architect of St. Paul's, on the margins of a copy of the first edition. This copy, preserved in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, caught the attention of my very kind friend Dr. Bliss, who enabled me to obtain a transcript of the entire notes. I hope that in printing nearly the whole of these notes, I shall be allowed to have really enhanced both the interest and the value of this edition, by adding the very curious commentary of a learned and distinguished contemporary. In extent of reading, as well as in acuteness, the commentator was probably far inferior to Browne; but he went beyond him, though at the same time strongly resembling him, in a certain superstitious tinge of feeling, and in love of the marvellous; he was inclined to believe in astrology;4 and was a regarder of dreams; of which a very curious instance is recorded in the Parentalia, as having been written by him on the margin of Aubrey's Miscellanies, cap. v, p. 52. He, moreover, admired Sir Thomas for being like himself) a stout adherent to the falling fortunes of the Ptolemaic system of astronomy.

boni. Londini, fc. 1656. Two years afterwards the work made its appearance, with slight alterations, in English, under this title :-- Endoxa, or some probable Inquiries into Truth, both Divine and Humane ; together with a Stone to the Altar, or short Disquisitions on a few difficult Places of Scripture ; as also a Calm. Ventilation of Pseudodo.cia Epidemica, by John Robinson, Doctor of Physick, Translated and Augmented by the Author. ( Four faces in a heart.)

Though divers heads; faces arerse you see;

Yet, for truth's sake, they all in heart agree. London, printed by J. Streater, for Francis Tylor. 1658.

* As will appear from vol. iii, p. 34, note 5. See also his marvellous Story of the Wonderful Oak in the New Forest, vol, ii, 371.

5 “Sir C. W. being at his father's home, anno 1651, at Knoyle, Wilts, dreamt that he saw a fight in a great market-place, which he knew not, where some were flying, and others pursuing; and among those that fled, he saw a kinsman of his, who went into Scotland to the king's army. They heard in the country that the king was come into England, but whereabout he was they could not tell. The next night his kinsman came to his father's at Knoyle, and was the first that brought the news of the fight at Worcester, fought Sep. 3.

I had hoped, however, to render my edition of the Vulgar Errors still more acceptable to the public, by securing for it, throughout, the illustrative notes of one of our most able naturalists, Mr. Edward William Brayley, of the London Institution. I regret exceedingly to have but partially succeeded, on account of the very numerous and increasing engagements which have prevented him from supplying more than a portion of the illustrations he had proposed to contribute. My regret is heightened by the consciousness that the few notes I have been able here and there to insert, offer scarcely an apology for the want of Mr. Brayley's. I am, however, indebted to numerous other friends for occasional and valuable notices, which are distinguished by initials, as explained at the close of preface to vol. i. My own notes I have preferred to leave unmarked, rather than constantly repeat Ed. as in Religio Medici.

Browne has enumerated in his preface several works similar and anterior to his own.6 Several others may here be mentioned; though many have very probably escaped my notice.

Espagne John d’. Erreurs Populaires en Points Généraux qui concernent l'intelligence de la Religion. To this work there is no date, nor do I find it in the British Museum, which contains several other of his works. He was a French protestant divine of the 17th century.

TIEPIAMMA ’EMIAH'MION: or, Vulgar Errors in practice censured. Also the Art of Oratory, composed for the be

“When Sir C. W. was at Paris, about 1665, he was taken ill and feverish, made but little water, and had a pain in his reins : he sent for a physician, who advised him to let blood, thinking he had a pleurisy; but bleeding much disagreeing with his constitution, he would defer it a day longer: that night he dreamt that he was in a place where palm-trees grew, (suppose Egypt) and that a woman in a romantick habit reached him dates. The next day he sent for dates, which cured him of the pain in bis reins."

6 See vol. ii, p. 179, 180. Respecting Primrose, De Vulgi Erroribus, I may add that his first edition was in Latin, Amst. 1639:-it was that which Wittie translated: subsequent editions appeared, and in 1668 one very much enlarged at Rotterdam; it was this which De Rostagny translated.

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