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Religio Bibliopola, by Benjamin Bridgewater, Gent. 1694, 12mo.–Of Mr. Benjamin Bridgewater, who was one of Dunton's hacks, Dunton thus speaketh in that strange rhapsody, his Life and Errors, p. 177. “He was of Trinity College, Cambridge, and M. A. His genius was very rich, and ran much upon poetry, in which he excelled. He was in part author of Religio Bibliopolæ. But alas ! wine and love were the ruin of this ingenious gentleman.” Dunton, in 1704, enlarged and published the work under the following title:
Religio Bibliopole: The New practice of Piety, writ in imitation of Dr. Browne's Religio Medici; or the Christian Virtuoso, disco.vering the right way to Heaven between all Extreams. To which is added, a Satyr on the House of Lords, for their throwing out the Bill against occasional Conformity, 1704, 12mo. 70 pp., besides Dedication and Preface.”—There are several additions ;-a long rambling Dedication, and a preface and introduction and conclusion, all evidently by Dunton, and which are none of them in the former, nor in the reprints of it, in 1728, and 1750, 8vo. The Dedication is to Mr. Locke, author of the Essay upon Human Understanding. The oddest part of the story, about this book, is that it is nothing else but an entire piece of patchwork, from the beginning to the end. In a copy of mine, I once took the pains of restoring by references one half of the book to its proper owners. Whether it was the ingenious Mr. Benjamin Bridgewater, or the ingenious Mr. John Dunton, who was guilty of these literary larcenies, I know not, but certainly a more extraordinary and flagrant case I never in the course of my reading met with. Glanville is the plaintiff in several instances, so is Howell, and Norris, and Boyle. J. C.Another edition appeared in 1705, 12mo. with a portrait of Dunton prefixed. And in 1728, a reprint in 8vo. of the former work, first published in 1694, 12mo.—its title runs thus : “ Religio Bibliopolæ : or the Religion of a Bookseller: which is likewise not improper to be perused by those of any other calling or profession. Lond. 1728," 8vo. 111 pp. besides 8 pp. of title, preface, &c. This was again reprinted in 1750.
Evangelium Medici, a Bernardo Conner, Lond. 1697, 8vo.-- A work of very curious speculation; though not properly an imitation of Religio Medici. The most extraordinary part is that in which he considers the resurrection, and how it is to be accomplished; he goes through the different parts of the body, and decides which will and which will not find a place in our bodies when glorified. He has gone more minutely into this than Henry More, or Burnet of the Charter-House. J. Č.
The Religion of a Prince; shewing that the precepts of the Holy Scriptures are the best Maxims of Government, by William Nichols, D. D. London, 1704, 8vo.---Against Machiavel, Hobbes, &c. Watt. A Gentleman's Religion: in Three Parts.—The first contains the Principles of Natural Religion. The second and third the Doctrines of Christianity, both as to Faith and Practice. With an Appendix, wherein it is proved, that nothing contrary to our reason can possibly be the object of our belief : but that it is no just exception against some of the doctrines of Christianity, that they are above our reason. The Fourth Edition. London, 1710. pp. 301. -Communicated by an ingenious and reverend friend, who adds, “This is a volume of small pieces, constituting the 5th volume of Archbishop Synge's Works, small 8vo." W. H. B.-The first edition was published, anonymously, at London, 1698, and the last edition at the Clarendon press, Oxford, in 1800, with the name of the author, “The most reverend Edward Synge, D. D. Archbishop of Tuam.”
3 Watt dates it 1691. He also gives the following, which seems to be a part of Dunton's Athenianism :-"Dunton's Creed, or the Religion of a Bookseller, in imitation of Browne's Religio Medici, dedicated to the Stationers' Company.-Without date.
Religio Libertini, 8vo. 1715.—by Berridge. J. C.
The Religion of the Wits at Button's refuted ; &c. In a dialogue between a Politician and a Divine. Lond. 1716, small 8vo. 72 pp. An attack on some of the infidel Wits of the day.
Lady's Religion: in two parts, London, 1748. 8vo. Watt.—The same, in 12mo. without date. T. R.
Religio Philosophi: or, the Principles of Morality and Christianity illustrated from a View of the Universe, and of Man's Situation in it. By William Hay, Esq. The Fourth Edition, London: 1771. — 232 pp. besides the first half sheet. Of this excellent work, the author says in a short preface, that “his great end is, by rectifying men's ideas, and by removing vulgar prejudices, to fix religion on a firm basis.” In the elegant edition of his Works, (2 vol. 4to. 1794,) this Essay occupies pp. 171-300 of the 1st vol. I find that the first edition was in 1753; the second in 1754; and the third have been that mentioned by Watt, in 1760. I know not whether the reprint in his works was the last or not. W. H. B.
Religio Laici: Second Edition, Lond. 1768, 8vo. 98 pp.-No author's name, but written by Stephen Tempest, Esq., of Bracewell in Craven, Yorkshire. The very sensible tract of a very sensible country gentleman. Vid. Whittaker's History of Craven, p. 88, who praises it, but not more than it deserves. J. C.—It obtained a new title-page in 1772, calling it, “ Third edition.”
Fragmentum Isaaci Hawkins Browne, Arm. Sive anti-Bolingbrokius; Liber primus, translated for a Second Religio Medici, by Sir Wm. Browne, late President, now Father of the College of Physicians, and F.R.S., 1768, 4to. Fragmentum Isaaci Browne completum, 1769, 4to.-Hutchinson's Biographia Medica, 1799, vol. i, p. 163. E. H. B.4
The Religion of a Lawyer, a Crazy Tale, (in Four Cantos ;) analytical of the Kentish Story of Brookland Steeple. London, 1786, 8vo. 80 pp.—This poem is indeed,—" a crazy tale."
Religio Clerici, a Churchman's Epistle.—The Second Edition, corrected. London, John Murray, Albemarle Street, 1818.—On
4 Communicated by Edmund Henry Barker, Esq. of Thetford.
the title-page of the Museum copy is written with pencil, “ by the Revd. E. Smedley." The work is a poem in reply to the question, Why are you a Church of England Christian ? 35 pp.
A Churchman's Second Epistle. By the Author of Religio Clerici. With Notes and Illustrations. London, 1819, 85 pp.-A curious work, in which there seem to be some good strokes of satire amongst the bigotry. W. H. B.—“ In the latter part,” the author
says, “ he has thought it his duty to express firmly, though he hopes not uncharitably, his opinion of the perils to which the Established Church is exposed by the rapid progress of modern Puritanism.” A characteristick specimen of this gentleman's religion, as well as of his charity, is afforded by the concluding lines of his poem, where he desires to have it recorded in his epitaph, that
“ He loved established modes of serving God,
And gave no guinea to a Bible Club !" Religio Christiani ; a Churchman's Answer to Religio Clerici, 1818, 8vo.
Religio Militis; or Christianity for the Camp.—Lond. 1827, 18mo. pp. 151.
The Religion of a Church of England-Man, 12mo. T. R.- This brief notice was furnished, I helieve from memory, by Mr. Rodd, of Newport-Street, and was without date.
Oct. 30TII, 1829.
Additions and Corrections.
The reading of MS. W. 2 agrees lic, in 1657,-by the influence of Pope with that of MS. R. in the first three Alexander VII, and in consideration of sheets, unless otherwise mentioned in assistance rendered by that Pontiff, to the the present table.
Venetians, in permission to levy taxes on Page 2, note 3; for 'MS. L.' read their Clergy, and in a donation, to the MSS. L. & W. 2.'
republic and the family of Chigi, of a 4, n. 8; add, 'MS. W. 2 reads, im- large sum of money, subscribed by the proper actions,
Jesuits themselves.-See Racine, Abré6, n. 6; dele, "and all the MSS.' gé de l'Histoire Ecclésiastique, p. 40.
8, n. 8; The assertion in this note, Histoire Général de la naissance et des that "the Jesuits, after their expulsion progrès de la Compagnie de Jesus, 4 vols. from Venice, have never again been toler- 12mo. 1761, t. i, p. 409–412. Daru, ated there," was made by the Annotator, Histoire de Venise, t. iv, 570—572. in whose time it was true: and I have 9, n. 3; dele the note, and read, been recently assured by a member of "Thus all the MSS. and Edts. 1642, that Society, (through the medium of. 1643, 1645, and 1686:- those of 1659, a friend,) that it is still true. I find, 1672, 1678, 1682, and 1736 read, have. however, that the statement is no longer -Ed.' strictly correct. The Jesuits, though un- 9, n. 4; dele the last line; and, after der considerable restrictions, did obtain ‘MSS.' add. 'except MS. W. 2.' readmission to the territory of the repub- 11, line 14; that it rise] read, that
it should rise.'- Errala, 1643.
See this argument used by Bp. Warbur11, n. 8; for MSS. W. f Li' read, ton, towards the close of the Dedication • MSS. W., W.2 R.'
of his Divine Legation.-J. C. 12, n. 9; dele the note, and read, 30, n. 5; for, 'clause,' read, ‘sen• This clause is in MSS. W. & W.2, but
tence.' not in MS. R.- Ed.'
32, n. 5; add, W. 2 & R.' 12, n. 2, line 6; for the living,' read, 32, n. 7; add, “See Johnson's Joure 'the number of the living.'
ney to the Western Islands, fc. Works, 13, line 12; disposed,] read, 'indis- vol. viii, p. 279.' posed.' — Errata, 1643. See the quota- 33, n. 9; add, 'but in MS. W. 2.' tion of this passage by Dr. Southey, 38, n. 8; for 'MS. W.' read, 'all the (Colloquies ii, p. 62, note,) in which its MSS.' appositeness is of course marred by this 38, 1. 13; the] read, 'that.'-- Errata, unfortunate mistake.-Ed.
1643. 13, line 30; methinks, fc.) See note 41, n. 7; for 'cannot fc.' read, 'canat p. 122.-Ed.
not do all things but sin.' 14, line 1; Tertullian.) An author in 44, n. 3; add, 'See Retrospective Rewhose works Browne appears to have view. New Series, ii, 216.—Ed.'. been deeply read, and whom he strongly 44, n. 8; for, ‘MS. W. reads,' read, resembles.-J. C.
all the MSS. read.' 14, line 16; cenotaph.] There is, in 45, n. 9; after ‘1642,' add, and MS. W. 2, a blank instead of this word. MS. W. -Ed.
45, n. 1; for, ‘MS. W.' read, all 16, n. 2; add, but they are in MS. the MSS.' W. 2.'
68, n. 6; read, “Wanting in Edts. 16, n. 3; add, ‘MS. W. 2 reads, 1642 and all the MSS.-Ed.' " that angels cannot do it.”'
76, l. 16; not miscall] read, 'not to 16, n. 4; after • MS. W.' add, 'W.2 miscall.'— Errata, 1643. & R.'
86, 1. 7; some] read, 'the same.' 19, n. 3; add, MSS. W., W. 2 & R. Errata, 1643. read, “as it was before the first, when." 88, 1. 28; can] read, 'cannot.'-Er19, n. 4; add, 'W. 2 & R.'
rata, 1643. 21, n. 3; add, expanded in MS. 95, 1. 9;in] read, 'the.'-Errata, 1643. W. 2.'
101, I. 17; too] read, .so.'—Erra22, l. 13; from which, by, fc.] readta, 1643. from which it cannot swerve, but by 101, n. 1; for ‘1751,' read, '1571.' &c.'-Errata, 1643. In none of the edi- 112, 1. 2 ; earthly] read, 'watery.'tions has this omission of the but been Errata, 1643. supplied :—in the present a conjectural 116, n. 4; add, or rather the transreading was suggested, in order to make lator availed himself of the Errata, in sense without it.-Ed.
Ed. 1643, as ought the present Editor.' 24, n. 4; add, to the first paragraph, 117, l. 6; a story out of Pliny, ] Edts. MS. W. 2 reads, “ 'T was not a mere 1678, 1682, & 1736, add the following chance to discover the
clause here,—"A tale of Bocace or Mapowder-treason, contrived by a miscar. lizpini;" on what authority does not apriage of the letter, "--but this is, no doubt, pear.-Ed. a false reading. The Author meant to 128, Second Paragraph ;] Sir Kenelm, say, "'T was not dumb chance that, to in this passage, implies that Browne atdiscover the fougade or powder-plot, con- tributed De Tribus Impostoribus to Bertrived a (i. e. its) miscarriage in (i. e. by nardinus Ochinus: which is not the means of) the letter.")
case. - Much curious speculation and re24, n. 5; add, .MS. W. 2 reads, search (and perhaps some invention) has "dispenseth her favour.")
been bestowed on the question of the 25, 1. 19; sortileges] See this subject author of this work and even of its extreated in a masterly manner, in Gáta- istence:-a condensed account of which ker's treatise on Lots.-J. C.
may be found in Barbier's Dictionnaire 26, l. 14; that can supply them all.] des Ouvrages Anonymes et Pseudonymes, Here terminates MS. L.-Ed.
8vo. 1824, vol. ii, p. 648,-art. 21612; 27, 1. 10; yea] read, 'yet.'—Errata, see also Renouard, Catalogue de la Bi1643.
bliotheque d'um Amateur, t. 1. p. 118: 29, 1. 28; peremptorily maintain, fc.] and Bayle.- Ed.
THE ANNOTATOR' TO THE READER.
A. GELLIUS (Noct. Attic. l. xx. cap. ult.) notes some books that had strange titles; Pliny (Præfat. Nat. Hist.) speaking of some such, could not pass them over without a jeer; so strange (saith he) are the titles of some books, Ut multos ad vadimonium deferendum compellant. And Seneca saith, some such there are, Qui patri obstetricem parturienti filiæ accer. senti moram injicere possint. Of the same fate this present tract Religio Medici hath partaken: exception by some hath been taken to it in respect of its inscription, which, say they, seems to imply, that physicians have a religion by themselves, which is more than theology doth warrant: but it is their inference, and not the title that is to blame; for no more is meant by that, or endeavoured to be proved in the book, than that contrary to the opinion of the unlearned) physicians have religion as well as other men.
For the work itself, the present age hath produced none that hath had better reception amongst the learned; it hath been received and fostered by almost all, there having been
1 Though a selection only of Mr. Keck's notes has been given in the present edition, yet it has been thought right to preserve his preface, which has been referred to in the course of the foregoing introductory observations.-Ed.