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SEVENTH HEAD, OR LATIN CÆSARS.3

A.D. Valentinian I.

364 Gratian

367 Valentinian II.

375 Theodosius

392 Honorius

395 Valentinian III.

425 Petonius Maximus

455 Avitus

455 Interregnum

456 Majorian Severus III...

461 Interregnum

465 Anthemius

467 Olybrius

472 Interregnum

472 Glycerius

473 Julius Nepos

474 Romulus Augustulus

475 Destroyed by the Heruli and Ostrogoths, but revived again under the Third-Head, or Eighth King, in a Latino-Greek Dynasty.

457

3 The Romano-Greek * contemporaries of the Latin Cæsars and Herulic and Ostrogothic kings, were

Valens A. D. 364 Theodosius II...... 408 Leo II. ...... 474 Theodosius the Great 379 Marcianus

450 Anastasius 491 Arcadius 395 Leo I.....

457 Justin I....... 518

Justinian 527

....

* From Constantine the Great who removed the imperial seat to Constantinople, properly begins what we have called the Romano-Greek Empire ; though for prophetical convenience the Romano-Greek Empire is made to begin B.C. 168, in the time of Antiochus IV. Epiphanes, when the Romans made their first conquests in Greece. One reason of this is, the words of Daniel ; his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power, which must mean the Greek power mighty by the Romans. For in fact, though the arms of the Romans subdued the Greeks, yet the arts of the Greeks subdued the Romans in turn ; and their language, manners, and philosophy, eventually pervaded the Empire. Another reason is, that the twofold subversion of first the literal, and afterwards the spiritual sanctuary, by the little imperial Horn required him to be viewed in a Greek aspect throughout ; as in the latter case the prophecy strictly demanded it, and in the former, this disposal is not dissonant to a philosophical view of the mutual conquests of these two nations of each other.

THE THREE-ONE ANTICHRIST."

THE BEAST EARTH BEAST, IMAGE OF THE THAT WAS AND The Popes the Spirit

SEA BEAST, IS NOT,

of Antichrist. The revived Western The Latino - Greek

or German EmpeCæsars or Emperors

rors or Cæsars of the of the Romans.

Romans.

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Justin 11. 565 Benedici I..... 573
Tiberius 578 Pelagius II. 577
Mauricius 582 Gregory the Gt. 590
Phocas
602 Sabinian

601
Boniface III... 606

Boniface IV... 607
Heraclius 610 Deus-dedit 614

Boniface V. 617
Honorius

625
Severinus

638 Constans II. ., 641 John IV.

.... 640

* The ten kings or kingdoms which belong to the eighth king, form a part of Antichrist also, as far as the civil magistrates in them meddle with ecclesiastical matters

5“ After the fall of the Western monarchy, the majesty of the purple resided solely in the princes of Constantinople; and of these, Justinian was the first, who, after a divorce of sixty years, regained the dominion of ancient Rome, and asserted by the right of conquest, the august title of Emperor of the Romans." Gibbon, Chap. LIII. "Justinian,” says the historian Agathias (1, V. 157.),

πρωτος

Ρωμαιων αυτοκρατων ονοματι και πραγματι'' (The first Emperor of the Romans in name

Yet the specific title of Emperor of the Romans was not used at Constantinople, till it had been claimed by the French and German Emperors of old Rome.” Chap. LIII. Note 94.

p.

and in deed.)

D

A.D.

A.D.

Leontius ......

...... 687

.... 701

A.D.
Theodore 642
Martin I.

649

Eugenius I. 654 Constantine III. 668 Vitalian ...... 658

Adeodatus ....

672 Donus

676 Agatho

679 Leo II. ...... 682

Benedict II. 684 Justinian II.. 685 John V....... 685

Conon........ 686

694 Apsimar, or Ti- Sergius berius .

697

John VI. Justinian II.

John VII. 705 again.

704

Sisinnius...... 708

Constantine 708
Philippicus . 711
Anastasius II. 713 Gregory II. 715
Theodosius III. 715 Gregory III. .. 731
Leo III..... 717 Zacharias ... 741
Constantine IV, 741

Stephen II.

752
Paul ... 757

Stephen III. .. 768
Leo IV... 775
Constantine V. 780

Adrian

1772 Irene

797

Leo III....... 795 Nicephorus 802

Stephen IV. 816 Charlemagne 6..800 Michael

811 Leo V.

813

6 On the coronation of Charlemagne in the church of St. Peter by Leo the Roman Pontiff, “ the dome,” says Gibbon, Vol. IX. Chap. xlix.

po

174. “ resounded with the acclamations of the people, “ Long life and victory to Charles, the most

pious

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A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

.... 827

Pascal I. 817 Louis le DebonMichael II. .. 821 Eugenius II. .. 824 naire

814
Valentine
Theophilus ... 829 Gregory IV... 827
Michael III. .. 842 Sergius II..... 844 Lothaire ...... 841

Leo IV....... 847
Benedict III... 853

Nicholas I..... 858 Louis II. 855 Basilius ... 867 Adrian II..... 867

John VIII..... 872 Charles the Bald 875
Marin or Martin Louis the Stammerer

882 and Carloman 877

Adrian III. 884 Charles the Fat 880 Leo VI. ...... 886 Stephen V..... 885

II.

Guy and Lambert 891
Formosus 891

Lambert alone 894
Stephen VI. .. 896
Boniface VI. .. 896 Arnold

896 Romanus

897 Theodore II.

.. 893

Augustus, crowned by God the great and pacific emperor of the Romans !'-The imperial dignity of Charlemagne was announced to the East by the alteration of his style; and instead of saluting his fathers, the Greek emperors, he presumed to adopt the more equal and familiar appellation of brother.” “A treaty of peace and alliance was concluded between the two empires, and the limits of the East and West were defined by the right of present possession. But the Greeks soon forgot this humiliating equality, or remembered it only to hate the Barbarians by whom it was extorted. During the short union of virtue and power, they respectfully saluted the august Charlemagne with the acclamations of basileus, and emperor of the Romans. As soon as these qualities were separated in the person of his pious son, the Byzantine letters were inscribed, 'to the King, or, as he styles himself, the Emperor of the Franks and Lombards.' The Greeks affected to despise the poverty and ignorance of the Franks and Saxons; and in their last decline refused to prostitute to the kings of Germany the title of Roman Emperors.” pp. 191. 193. 194. Concerning the dignity of the German Emperors, says Gibbon, Chap. xlix. p. 216. Nor was the supremacy of the Emperor confined to Germany alone : the hereditary monarchs of Europe confessed the preeminence of his rank and dignity: he was the first of the ristian princes, the temporal head of the great republic of the West : to his person the title of majesty was long appropriated ; and he disputed with the pope the sublime prerogative of creating kings and assembling councils.”

A.D.

A.D.

A.D. 898

.... 910

John IX.
Benedict IV... 900 Louis IV. .... 900
Leo V.

903
Christopher 903
Sergius III.

904 Alexander ..

Anastasius 911 Constantine VI. 911

Landon

913

Interregnum.
John X. .... 914 Berenger 915

Troubles.
Leo VI....... 928
Stephen VII... 929
John XI.

931
Leo VII.

.... 936 Otho I. ...... 936
Stephen VIII. 939
Martin III. 942
Agapet II..... 946
John XII. First

Sovereign of
Rome

956 Romanus

960 Leo VIII. .... 963 Nicephorus II. 963 Benedict V. .. 964 Jobn Zimisces 969 John XIII. 965

Benedict VI... 972
Boniface VII. 974

Donus II. 974
Basilius II. .. 976 Benedict VII. 975 Otho II.......

John XIV. 984 Otho III.
John XV.

984
John XVI.... 986
Gregory V..

996
John XVII. ... 997
Sylvester II. .. 999
John XVIII. 1003 Henry II..... 1002
John XIX.. 1003
Sergius IV... 1009

973 983

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