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A.D.

A.D.

A.D

nus

Benedict VIII. 1012 Coustantine

Conrad II. callVII. ...... 1026 John XX. 1024

ed the Salic 1024
Romanus II. 1028
Michael IV... 1034 Benedict IX. 1033 Henry Ill. .. 1039
Michael V. 1041 Gregory VI... 1044

Clement IJ... 1046
Constantine
VIII. 1042

Benedict IX.

reinstated .. 1047 Damasus II... 1048 Leo IX.

1048 Theodora ... 1054 Victor II..... 1054 Isaac Comne

Stephen IX... 1057 Henry IV. the 1057 Benedict X...

Great ... 1056

1058 Constantine IX.1059 Nicholas II... 1058 Romanus III. 1068

Alexander II. 1061 Michael VI.

1071 Alexius Com- Gregory VII. 1073 Rodolph

1078 1078 Victor III.

1085 Herman 1086 Urban II..... 1087 Egbert

1088 Pascal II.

1099 Henry V..... 1106 Nicephorus III.1115

Gelasius II. John Comnenus 1118

1118 Callixtus[l...

1119 Honorius II. 1124 Lothaire II... 1125

Innocent II... 1130 Conrad III... 1138 Manuel Com

Celestinus II.' 1143
1143 Lucius II..... 1144

Eugenius III. 1145 Frederic I. called
Anastasius IV. 1153

Barbarossa 1152
Adrian IV. 1154
Alexius Com-

Alexander III. 1159 nenus II.

Lucius III 1181 1180

nenus

Competitors

nenus

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A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

...... 1204

Gregory VIII. 1187

Clement III. 1187 Alexis III. .. 1194 Celestinus III. 1191 Henry VI. 1190

Innocent III. 1198 Philip of Suabia 1197 Theodore Las- Honorius III. 1216 Otho IV. .... 1208

caris John Ducus .. 1222 Gregory IX. 1227 Frederic II...

1211 Celestinus IV. 1241

Innocent IV. 1241 Theodore II. 1255

Conrad IV.. 1250 Alexander IV. 1254 John Lascaris 1258

William

1250 Michael Paleo

Troubles and InUrban IV. 1261 logus...... 1259

terregnum 1257

Richard of Eng-
Clement IV... 1264

land

1257 Gregory X. ..

Alphonso of 1268

Castile 1257 Innocent V... 1276

Rodolph of

Hapsburg.. 1273
Adrian V. 1276
John XXI. 1276

Nicholas III. 1277
Andronicus II. 1283 Martin IV... 1280

Honorius IV. 1285
Nicholas IV, 1289

Adolphus of
Celestinus V. 1292

Nassau

Albert 1. of
Boniface VIII, 1294

Austria

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1292

1298

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Benedict X or

XI. ... ... 1303 Andronicus III.1320 Clement V... 1305

Henry VII. of

Luxemburg 1308 Interregnum .. 1313

Frederic III. of John Paleologus1341 Nicholas V... 1328 Austria

Louis V. of Ba

varia ...... 1314

1314

A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

Charles IV. of
Gregory XI.

1377

Bohemia 1347
Fred.of Misnia 1348

Gonthier of
Urban VI. .. 1378 Scwhartzburg 1349

Venceslaus of

Bohemia 1378 Manuel Paleologus? .

Boniface IX. 1389
1391

Fred. of Bruns-
Innocent VII. 1404

wick ...... 1400 Gregory XII.

Rob. of Bavaria 1400
deposed .... 1406
Alexander V. 1409
John XXIII.

Sigismund of

deposed 1410 Luxembu g7 1410 John Paleologus 1424 Martin V. 1417 Eugenius IV. 1431

Albert II, of
Felix V.

Austria called
Constantine Pa-

the Grave ..

1438 leologus 1448 Nicholas V... 1447 Frederic IV. 1440 Destroyed by the Turks .... 1453 Callixtus III.

1455 But sold by Andrew

Pius II.

1458 Paleologus toCharles Paul II. 1464 VIII. of France and Sixtus IV. 1471

.... 1439

8 66

7 The titles of the Greek emperor Manuel Paleologus and the German Emperor Sigismund contemporaries were nearly the same. Manuel in Christo Dei fidelis imperator et moderator Romeorum (Romanorum) Paleologus et semper Augustus. Sigismundus Dei gratia Romanorum imperator semper Augustus. See Le Nouveau Traité de Diplomatique. Tom. V. p. 84.

By an act dated A.D. 1494, Sept 6, and lately transmitted from the archives of the Capitol to the Royal library of Paris, the despot, Andrew Paleologus, reserving the Morea, and stipulating some private advantages, conveys to Charles VIII. King of France, the Empires of Constantinople and Trebizond (Spondanus A.D. 1495. No. 2) M. de Forcemagne (Mem. de l'Academie des Inscriptions, tom. xvii. p, 539—578.) has bestowed a dissertation on this national title, of which he had obtained a copy from Rome.” Gibbon, Chap. Ixviii. Note 91. See also Le Nouveau Traité de Diplomatique, Tom. VI.

l. p. 83.

A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

.... 1503

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.... 1589

thus continued in a Innocent VIII. 1484
French dynasty.
Charles VIII. 1494 Alexander VI. 1492 Maximilian I. 1493
Louis XII. ..1498 Pius III.

Julius II..... 1503
Francis I..... 1515 Leo X....... 1513 Charles V. 1519

Adrian VI... 1524

Clement VII. 1523
Henry II..... 1547 Paul III..... 1534

Julius III. 1550
Marcellus II. 1555

Paul IV..... 1555
Francis II. .. 1559 Pius IV. .... 1559 Ferdinand I... 1559
Charles iX... 1560 Pius V. 1566 Maximilian II. 1564
Henry III. .. 1574 Gregory XII. 1572 Rodolph II... 1576
Henry IV. the

Sixtus V. .... 1585
Great

Urban VII... 1590
Innocent IX. 1591

Clement VIII. 1592
Louis XIII, the

Leo XI. 1605 Matthias Just

1610

Paul V. .... 1605 Ferdinand II. 1619
Gregory XV. 1623 Ferdinand III. 1637

Urban VIII. 1623
Louis XIV. the Innocent X... 1644
Great

1643
Alexander V11.1655 Leopold I.

1658
Clement IX... 1667
Clement X... 1670
Innocent XI. 1676
Alexand. VIII. 1689
Innocent XII. 1691
Clement XI.

1700 Joseph I. .... 1705 Louis XV. .. 1715 Innocent XIII.1721 Charles VI...

1711
Benedict XIII. 1724
Clement XII. 1730
Benedict XIV. 1710 Vacant ...... 1740

1612

A.D.

A.D.

A.D.

Charles VII.
Clement XIII. 1758

or Albert of

Bavaria 1742

Francis 1. of Lorraine Clement XIV. 1769 and Maria Theresa

of Austria.. 1745 Joseph II.

1765 Louis XVI... 1774 Pius VI. 1775 Leopold II. .. 1790 French Revolu

Francis II. 1792 tion

1792

Pius VII. 1800

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- Reduced to a Napoleon 1.8 1804 mere bishop by

Buonaparte.. 1809 Louis XVIII. 1814 - Restored 1814 Charles X. .. 1824 Leo XII. .... 1823

8 64

Zopf in his Summary of Universal History, (Precis de l'Histoire Universelle,) 20th edition, says, that a scion of the Comnena family, who had claims to the throne of Constantinople, retired into Corsica in 1462, and that several members of that family bore the name of Calomeros, which is perfectly identical with that of Buonaparte, καλόν μέρος. It may hence be concluded that this name has been Italianized. We do not believe this circumstance was ever known to Napoleon.” Montholon and Gourgand's Memoirs of Napoleon, Vol. III. p. viii. If this be true, Napoleon might be Emperor of the Romans by right of birth, as well as of arms.

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