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he maze of fools, thou shalt no treasure spend,

by charge to immortality shall tend; aise palaces, and temples vaulted high; ivers o'erarch; of hospitality

nd sciences the ruin'd inns restore;

With walls and ports encircle Neptune's shore;
o new-found worlds thy fleets make hold their


and find of Canada the unknown source;
'eople those lands which pass Arabian fields
a fragrant woods, and musk which zephyr yields.
'hou, fear'd of none, shalt not thy people fear,
hy people's love thy greatness shall up-rear:
till rigour shall not shine, and mercy lower;
Vhat love can do, thou shalt not do by power;
New and vast taxes thou shalt not extort,
Load heavy those thy bounty should support;
'hou shalt not strike the hinge nor master-beam
Of thine estate, but errours in the same,
By harmless justice, graciously reform;
Delighting more in calm than roaring storm,
Thou shalt govern in peace, as did thy sire;
Keep safe thine own, and kingdoms new acquire
Beyond Alcides' pillars, and those bounds
Where Alexander gain'd the eastern crowns,
Till thou the greatest be among the greats:
Thus Heavens ordain, so have decreed the Fates.


Sox of the lion! thou of loathsome bands

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GREAT Atlas' nephew shall the works of peace,
The springs of plenty, tillage, trade, increase;
And arts, in time's gulphs lost, again restore
To their perfection; nay, find many more,
More perfect artists: Cyclops in their forge
Shall mould those brazen Typhons, which disgorge
From their hard bowels metal, flame, and smoke,
Muffling the air up in a sable cloke.

Geryons, harpies, dragons, sphinges strange,
Wheel, where in spacious gires the fume doth range;
The sea shrinks at the blow, shake doth the ground,
The world's vast chambers doth the sound rebound;
The Stygian porter leaveth off to bark,
Black Jove, appall'd, doth shroud him in the dark;

Shalt free the Earth, and whate'er thee with- Many a Typhis, in adventures toss'd,


Thy noble paws shall tear; the god of Thrace
Shall be thy second; and before thy face,
To Truth and Justice whilst thou trophies rears,
Armies shall fall dismay'd with panic fears.
As when Aurora in sky's azure lists
Makes shadows vanish, doth disperse the mists,
And in a twinkling with her opal light
Night's horrours checketh, putting stars to flight:
More to inflame thee to this noble task,

To thee he here resigns his sword and casque.
A wall of flying castles, armed pines,

Shall bridge thy sea; like Heaven with steel that

To aid Earth's tenants by foul yokes opprest,
And fill with fears the great king of the west:
To thee already Victory displays

Her garlands twin'd with olive, oak, and bays;
Thy triumphs finish shall all old debates:
Thus Heavens decree, so have ordain'd the Fates.


WEALTH, wisdom, glory, pleasure, stoutest hearts,
Religion, laws, Hyperion imparts

To thy just reign, which shall far, far surpass
Of emperors, kings, the best that ever was:
Look how he dims the stars; thy glories' rays
So darken shall the lustre of these days:
For in fair Virtue's zodiac thou shalt run,
And in the Heaven of worthies be the Sun.
No more contemn'd shall hapless Learning lie;
The maids of Pindus shall be raised high;
For bay and ivy which their brows enroll'd,
Thou shalt 'em deck with gems and shining gold;
Thou open shalt Parnassus' crystal gates;
Thus Heavens ordain, so do decree the fates.

By new-found skill shall many a maiden coast
With thy sail-winged Argoses find out,
Which, like the Sun, shall run the Earth about;
And far beyond his paths score wavy ways,
To Cathay's lands by Hyperborean seas;
He shall endue thee, both in peace and war,
With wisdom, which than strength is better far;
Wealth, honour, arms, and arts shall grace thy states:
Thus Heavens ordain, so do decree the Fates.


O How the fair queen with the golden maids,
The sun of night, thy happy fortunes aids!
Though turban'd princes for a badge her wear,
To them she wains, to thee would full appear;
Her hand-maid Thetis daily walks the round
About thy Delos, that no force it wound;
Then when thou left'st it, and abroad didst stray,
Dear pilgrim, she did strew with flowers thy way;
And, turning foreign force and counsel vain,
Thy guard and guide return'd thee home again;
To thee she kingdoms, years, bliss did divine,
Quailing Medusa's grim snakes with her shine.
Beneath thy reign Discord (fell mischief's forge,
The bane of people, state and kingdom's scourge,)
Pale Envy (with the cockatrice's eye,
Which seeing kills, but seen doth forthwith die,)
Malice, Deceit, Rebellion, Impudence,
Beyond the Garamants shall pack them hence,
With every monster that thy glory hates:
Thus Heavens decree, so have ordain'd the Fates.


THAT heretofore to thy heroic mind

Hopes did not answer as they were design'd,

O do not think it strange: times were not come,
And these fair stars had not pronounc'd their doom.
The Destinies did on that day attend,

When on this northern region thou shouldst lend
Thy cheerful presence, and, charg'd with renown,
Set on thy brows the Caledonian crown.
Thy virtues now thy just desire shall grace,
Stern chance shall change, and to desert give place.
Let this be known to all the Fates admit
To their grave counsel, and to every wit
That courts Heaven's inside: this let Sybils know,
And those mad Corybants who dance and glow
On Dindimus' high tops with frantic fire:
Let this be known to all Apollo's choir,
And people: let it not be hid from you,
What mountains noise, and floods proclaim as true.
Wherever fame abroad his praise shall ring,
All shall observe, and serve this blessed king.

The end of king Charles's entertainment
at Edinburgh, 1633.




IN sweetest prime and blooming of his age,
Dear Alcon, ravish'd from this mortal stage,
The shepherds mourn'd, as they him lov'd before.
Among the rout, him Idmon did deplore;
Idmon, who, whether Sun in east did rise,
Or dive in west, pour'd torrents from his eyes
Of liquid crystal; under hawthorn shade,
At last to trees and flocks this plaint he made:
"Alcon! delight of Heaven, desire of Earth,
Off-spring of Phoebus, and the Muses' birth,
The Graces' darling, Adon of our plains,
Flame of the fairest nymphs the Earth sustains!
What pow'r of thee bath us bereft? what fate,
By thy untimely fall, would ruinate

Our hopes? O Death! what treasure in one hour
Hast thou dispersed! how dost thou devour
What we on Earth hold dearest! All things good,
Too envious Heavens, how blast ye in the bud!
The corn the greedy reapers cut not down
Before the fields with golden ears it crown;
Nor doth the verdant fruits the gardener pull;
But thou art cropt before thy years were full.
With thee, sweet youth! the glories of our fields
Vanish away, and what contentments yields.
The lakes their silver look, the woods their shades,
The springs their crystal want, their verdure meads,
The years their early seasons, cheerful days;
Hills gloomy stand, now desolate of rays:
Their amorous whispers zephyrs not us bring,
Nor do air's choristers salute the spring;
The freezing winds our gardens do deflow'r.
Ah Destinies, and you whom skies embow'r,
To his fair spoils his spright again yet give,
And, like another phenix, make him live! [stems,
The herbs, though cut, sprout fragrant from their
And make with crimson blush our anadems:
The Sun, when in the west he doth decline,
Heaven's brightest tapers at his funerals shine;
His face, when wash'd in the Atlantic seas,
Revives, and cheers the welkin with new rays:

Why should not he, since of more pure a frame,
Return to us again, and be the same?
But, wretch! what wish I? to the winds I send
These plaints and pray'rs: Destinies cannot lend
Thee more of time, nor Heavens consent will thus
Thou leave their starry world to dwell with us;
Yet shall they not thee keep amidst their spheres
Without these lamentations and tears.

Thou wast all virtue, courtesy, and worth;
And, as Sun's tight is in the Moon set forth,
World's supreme excellence in thee did shine:
Nor, though eclipsed now, shalt thou decline,
But in our memories live, while dolphins streamns
Shall haunt, while eaglets stare on Titan's beams,
Whilst swans upon their crystal tombs shall sing,
Whilst violets with purple paint the spring.
A gentler shepherd flocks did never feed
On Albion's hills, nor sing to oaten reed.
While what she found in thee my Muse would blaze,
Grief doth distract her, and cut short thy praise.
How oft haye we, environ'd by the throng
Of tedious swains, the cooler shades among,
Contemn'd Earth's glow-worm greatness, and the
Of Fortune scorned, deeming it disgrace
To court inconstancy! How oft have we
Some Chloris' name grav'n in each virgin tree;
And, finding favours fading, the next day
What we had carv'd we did deface away.
Woful remembrance! Nor time nor place
Of thy abodement shadows any trace;
But there to me thou shin'st: late glad desires,
And ye once roses, how are ye turn'd briars!
Contentments passed, and of pleasures chief,
Now are ye frightful horrours, hells of grief!


When from thy native soil love had thee driven, (Thy safe return prefigurating) a Heaven Of flattering hopes did in my fancy move; Then little dreaming it should atoms prove. These groves preserve will I, these loved woods, These orchards rich with fruits, with fish these floods,

My Alcon will return, and once again
His chosen exiles he will entertain;

The populous city holds him, amongst harms
Of some fierce Cyclops, Circe's stronger charms.
"These banks," said I, "he visit will, and streams;
These silent shades, ne'er kiss'd by courting beams,
Far, far, off I will meet him, and I first
Shall him approaching know, and first be blest
With his aspect; I first shall hear his voice,
Him find the same he parted, and rejoice
To learn his passed perils; know the sports
Of foreign shepherds, fawns, and fairy courts.
No pleasure like the fields, an happy state
The swains enjoy, secure from what they hate:
Free of proud cares they innocently spend
The day, nor do black thoughts their ease offend;
Wise Nature's darlings, they live in the world
Perplexing not themselves how it is hurl'd.
These hillocks Phoebus loves, Ceres these plains,
These shades the Sylvans; and here Pales strains
Milk in the pails; the maids which haunt the springs
Dance on these pastures; here Amintas sings:
Hesperian gardens, Tempe's shades, are here,
Or what the eastern Inde and west hold dear.
Come then, dear youth! the wood-nymphs twine
thee boughs

With rose and lily to impale thy brows,"
Thus ignorant I mus'd, not conscious yet
Of what by Death was done, and ruthless Fate:

Amidst these trances Fame thy loss doth sound,
And through my ears gives to my heart a wound.
With stretch'd-out arms I sought thee to embrace,
But clasp'd, amaz'd, a coffin in thy place;
coffin, of our joys which had the trust, [dust!
Which told that thou wert come, but chang'd to
Scarce, ev'n when felt, could I believe this wrack,
Nor that thy time and glory Heavens would break.
Now, since I cannot see my Alcon's face,
And find nor vows nor prayers to have place
With guilty stars, this mountain shall become
To me a sacred altar, and a tomb

To famous Alcon. Here, as days, months, years
Do circling glide, I sacrifice will tears;
Here spend my remnant time, exil'd from mirth,
Till Death at last turn monarch of my earth.

Shepherds on Forth, and you by Doven rocks,
Which use to sing and sport, and keep your flocks,
Pay tribute here of tears! ye never had
To aggravate your moans a cause more sad:
And to their sorrows hither bring your mands,
Charged with sweetest flow'rs, and with pure hands;
Fair nymphs, the blushing hyacinth and rose
Spread on the place his relics doth enclose;
Weave garlands to his memory, and put
Over his hearse a verse in cypress cut:
Virtue did die, goodness but harm did give,
After the noble Alcon ceas'd to live:
Friendship an earthquake suffer'd; losing him
Love's brightest constellation turned dim.




PHIL. SHEPHERD, dost thou love me well?
DAM. Better than weak words can tell.
PHIL. Like to what, good shepherd, say?
DAM. Like to thee, fair cruel May.
PHIL. O how strange these words I find!
Yet to satisfy my mind,
Shepherd, without mocking me,
Have I any love from thee?
Like to what, good shepherd, say?
DAM. Like to thee, fair cruel May.
PHIL Better answer had it been,

To say thou lov'st me as thine eyne.
DAM. Wo is me! these I love not,

For by them love entrance got.
At that time they did behold,
Thy sweet face and locks of gold.
PHIL. Like to what, dear shepherd, say?
DAM. Like to thee, fair cruel May.
PHIL. Once, dear shepherd, speak more plain,

And I shall not ask again;
Say, to end this gentle strife,
Dost thou love me as thy life?
DAM. No, for it is turn'd a slave

To sad annoys, and what I have
Of life by love's stronger force

Is 'reft, and I'm but a dead corse.

PHIL. Like to what, good shepherd, say?
DAM. Like to thee, fair cruel May.

PHIL. Learn I pray this, like to thee,
And say, I love as I do me.

DAM. Alas! I do not love myself,

For I'm split on beauty's shelf. PHIL. Like to what, good shepherd, say? DAM. Like to thee, fair cruel May.

ALL good hath left this age, all tracks of shame :
Mercy is banished, and pity dead;
Justice, from whence it came, to Heav'n is fled;
Religion, maim'd, is thought an idle name.
Faith to distrust and malice hath giv'n place;
Envy, with poison'd teeth, hath friendship torn;
Renowned knowledge is a despis'd scorn;
Now evil 't is. all evil not t' embrace.
There is no life, save under servile bands;
To make desert a vassal to their crimes,
Ambition with avarice joins hands:

O ever shameful, O most shameless times!
Save that Sun's light we see, of good here tell,
This Earth we court so much were very Hell.

DOTH then the world go thus, doth all thus move?
Is this the justice which on Earth we find?
Is this that firm decree which all doth bind?
Are these your influences, pow'rs above?
Those souls which vice's moody mists most blind,
Blind Fortune, blindly, most their friend doth prove;
And they who thee, poor idol virtue! love,
Ply like a feather toss'd by storm and wind.
Ah! if a providence doth sway this all,

Why should best minds groan under most distress?
Or why should pride humility make thrall,
And injuries the innocent oppress?

Heav'ns! hinder, stop this fate; or grant a time
When good may have, as well as bad, their prime.


WHO do in good delight,

That sov'reign justice ever doth reward;
And though sometime it smite,
Yet it doth them regard:
For ev'n amidst their grief
They find a strong relief,

And death itself can work them no despite.
Again, in evil who joy,

And do in it grow old,

In midst of mirth are charg'd with sin's annoy, Which is in conscience scroll'd;

And when their life's frail thread is cut by time, They punishment find equal to each crime.

Look how in May the rose,

At sulphur's azure fumes,

In a short space her crimson blush doth lose,
And, all amaz'd, a pallid white assumes.
So time our best consumes,

Makes youth and beauty pass,

And what was pride turns horrour in our glass.



FOND Progne, chattering wretch;

That is Medea! there

Wilt thou thy younglings hatch?


Now Daphnis' arms did grow

In slender branches; and her braided hair,
Which like gold waves did flow,

In leafy twigs was stretched in the air;
The grace of either foot
Transform'd was to a root;

A tender bark enwraps her body fair.

Will she keep thine, her own who could not spare? He who did cause her ill

Learn from her frantic face

To seek some fitter place.

What other may'st thou hope for, what desire,

Save Stygian spells, wounds, poison, iron, fire?

Sore wailing stood, and from his blubber'd eyne
Did show'rs of tears upon the rind distil,
Which, water'd thus, did bud and turn more green.
O deep despair! O heart-appalling grief!
When that doth woe increase should bring relief.


To practice new alarms

In Jove's great court above,

The wanton queen of love

Of sleeping Mars put on the horrid arms;
Where gazing in a glass

To see what thing she was,

To mock and scoff the blue-eyed maid did move; Who said, "Sweet queen, thus should you have been dight

When Vulcan took you napping with your knight."


IN woods and desert bounds

A beast abroad doth roam;

So loving sweetness and the honey-comb,
It doth despise the arms of bees and wounds:
I, by like pleasure led,

To prove what Heav'ns did place
Of sweet on your fair face,
Whilst therewith I am fed,

Rest careless (bear of love) of hellish smart,
And how those eyes afflict and wound my heart.


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ASCALAPHUS, tell me,

So may night's curtain long time cover thee,
So ivy ever may

From irksome light keep thy chamber and bed;
And, in Moon's liv'ry clad,

So may'st thou scorn the choristers of day-
When plaining thou dost stay

Near to the sacred window of my dear,
Dost ever thou her hear

To wake, and steal swift hours from drowsy sleep?
And, when she wakes, doth e'er a stolen sigh creep
Into thy listening ear?

If that deaf god doth yet her careless keep,
In louder notes my grief with thine express,
Till by thy shrieks she think on my distress.



STREPHON, in vain thou bring'st thy rhymes and songs,
Deck'd with grave Pindar's old and wither'd flow'rs;
In vain thou count'st the fair Europa's wrongs,
And her whom Jove deceiv'd in golden show'rs.
Thou hast slept never under myrtle's shed;
Or, if that passion hath thy soul oppress'd,
It is but for some Grecian mistress dead,
Of such old sighs thou dost discharge thy breast;
How can true love with fables hold a place?
Thou who with fables dost set forth thy love,
Thy love a pretty fable needs must prove:
Thou suest for grace, in scorn more to disgrace.
I cannot think thou wert charm'd by my looks,
O no! thou learn'st thy love in lovers' books.


No more with candid words infect mine ears;
Tell me no more how that you pine in anguish;
When sound you sleep, no more say that you lan-

guish ;

No more in sweet despite say you spend tears.
Who hath such hollow eyes as not to see,
How those that are hair-brain'd boast of Apollo,
And bold give out the Muses do them follow,
Though in love's library, yet no lovers be.
If we, poor souls! least favour but them show,
That straight in wanton lines abroad is blaz'd;
Their names doth soar on our fame's overthrow;
Mark'd is our lightness, whilst their wits are prais'd.
In silent thoughts who can no secret cover,
He may, say we, but not well, be a lover.


Ye who with curious numbers, sweetest art,
Frame Dedal nets our beauty to surprise,
Telling strange castles builded in the skies,
And tales of Cupid's bow and Cupid's dart;
Well, howsoe'er ye act your feigned smart,
Molesting quiet ears with tragic cries,
When you accuse our chastity's best part,
Nam'd cruelty, ye seem not half too wise;
Yea, ye yourselves it deem most worthy praise,
Beauty's best guard; that dragon, which doth keep
Hesperian fruit, the spur in you does raise,
That Delian wit that otherways may sleep:
To cruel nymphs your lines do fame afford,
Oft many pitiful, not one poor word.


If it be love, to wake out all the night,
And watchful eyes drive out in dewy moans,
And, when the Sun brings to the world his light,
To waste the day in tears and bitter groans;
If it be love, to dim weak reason's beam
With clouds of strange desire, and make the mind
In hellish agonies a Heav'n to dream,
Still seeking comforts where but griefs we find ;
If it be love, to stain with wanton thought
A spotless chastity, and make it try
More furious flames than his whose cunning wrought
That brazen bull, where he intomb'd did fry;
Then sure is love the causer of such woes,
Be ye our lovers, or our mortal foes.

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If thou wouldst see threads purer than the gold,
Where love his wealth doth show,

But take this glass, and thy fair hair behold.
If whiteness thou wouldst see more white than snow,
And read on wonder's book,

Take but this glass, and on thy forehead look.
Wouldst thou in winter see a crimson rose,
Whose thorns do hurt each heart?

Look but in glass how thy sweet lips do close.
Wouldst thou see planets which all good impart,
Or meteors divine?

But take this glass, and gaze upon thine eyne.
No-planets, rose, snow, gold, cannot compare
With you, dear eyes, lips, brows, and amber hair!


AND would you then shake off Love's golden chain,
With which it is best freedom to be bound?
And, cruel! do you seek to heal the wound
Of love, which hath such sweet and pleasant pain?
All that is subject unto Nature's reign
In skies above, or on this lower round,
When it its long and far-sought end hath found,
Doth in decadens fall and slack remain.
Behold the Moon, how gay her face doth grow
Till she kiss all the Sun, then doth decay!
See how the seas tumultuously do flow
Till they embrace lov'd banks, then post away:
So is 't with love: unless you love me still,
O do not think I'll yield unto your will!


CARE'S charming sleep, son of the sable night,
Brother to death, in silent darkness born,
Destroy my languish ere the day be light,
With dark forgetting of my care's return;
And let the day be long enough to mourn
The shipwreck of my ill-adventur'd youth;
Let wat'ry eyes suffice to wail their scorn,
Without the troubles of the night's untruth.
Cease, dreams, fond image of my fond desires!
To model forth the passions of to morrow;
Let never rising Sun approve your tears,
To add more grief to aggravate my sorrow:
Still let me sleep, embracing clouds in vain,
And never wake to feel the day's disdain.


As an audacious knight,
Come with some foe to fight,

His sword doth brandish, makes his armour ring;
So this proud bee, at home perhaps a king,
Did buzzing fly about,

And, tyrant, after thy fair lip did sting.
O champion strange as stout!

Who hast by nature found

Sharp arms, and trumpet shrill, to sound and wound,


O Do not kill that bee
That thus hath wounded thee!
Sweet, it was no despite,
But hue did him deceive:

For when thy lips did close,

He deemed them a rose.

What wouldst thou further crave?

He wanting wit, and blinded with delight,

Would fain have kiss'd, but mad with joy did bite,


AH! of that cruel bee

Thy lips have suck'd too much;

For when they mine did touch,

I found that both they hurt and sweeten'd me:
This by the sting they have,

And that they of the honey do receive:
Dear kiss! else by what art

Couldst thou at once both please and wound my heart?

Y y

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