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the centuries. Dark was that road and steep at the milestone of the thirteenth century. At that period there grew up in Italy's vale of Umbria in the midst of rich fields and woods and pleasant streams, a youth born to riches and splendour, to all the gaiety and luxury of a worldly life. Happy in disposition he entered with zest into all the pleasures which such an unburdened existence allowed him. But the time came when he realized truly all that Christ had done for him; his whole soul was filled with a passion for God. He left his father's housenot even a change of raiment did he take with him -and gave himself to a life of service; a service which would not even find for itself a home in the recognized channels of church work. But putting aside all the comforts and many of the necessaries of life he went about from place to place ever seeking to succour the unfortunate and to make men realize the power of the Christ life. Dwelling in a tumble-down hut, and with only such fragments and scraps of food for his nourishment as were given to him, he attracted others by his life of wonderful unselfishness and they, too, gave themselves to a like service. The little company grew and increased, ever keeping close to the Christ life of their leader, Francis of Assisi, until within a few years there were not only hundreds but hundreds of thousands of brown-robed men who were giving their very lives for the sake of helping those round about them. Whatever may have been the ascetic fanaticism of these mediæval men of God, and whatever may have been the evils that later grew up in the great order of the Franciscans, which they founded, we cannot but recognize in them the practical realization of the ideal of giving self in service, which has ever been the genius of Christianity.


The spirit of Christ is being preserved today by this same giving of self in service. Nor does its expression necessitate a resting-place in secluded cloister. Rather is it found in such organizations as the Fillé de la Charité, which St. Vincent de Paul, another one of those perpetuators of the life which Christ brought to men, founded in the sixteenth century. It numbers today more than 30,000 in France and has for its rule: “ The streets of the city, or the houses of the sick, shall be your cells; obedience your solitude; the fear of God your grating; a strict and holy modesty your only veil.”

The spirit of social service, loudly proclaimed child of the twentieth century,” is really the eternal child of Christianity,-as much at home in the first Christian century and the fifteenth as in the twentieth. John Calvin at Geneva, cleaning up the streets, abolishing the filthy fish markets, establishing silk factories, introducing laws and governments for the benefit of all the people, exemplified it. John Wesley and Charles Whitfield brought to England a new age of Christian devotion only that the children of England, the poor of England, the prisoners of England under John Howard and Hannah Moore might be ministered unto in a very practical sense.

Jane Addams, dwelling in the crowded slum of a great city, having herself appointed garbage inspector and moving in the heat of summer amidst fever smitten homes, and finding herself duplicated in multitudes of the choicest product of this generation, is the real flower of the devotion exemplified in Him who said, “Not as the world giveth, give I."

The church cannot always serve in institutional fashion, and perhaps in the vast majority of cases it were better that she should serve by cultivating those springs of Christ-love in her sons and daughters which shall inevitably send them forth to minister in practical sense, in all the avenues where there is a call to bind up the broken-hearted, to study the causes of poverty and disease, and to bring in the era of social justice and of brotherhood through all the world.

It is an evil thing for the humanitarian hearts of today to try to proclaim social service without the aid of the sympathetic voice of the church of Christ, and equally evil for the church to give all her attention to saving men's souls for the next world without trying to make a more wholesome and happy world for them to live in now. Social service is the daughter of Christianity. She cannot afford to cast off her venerable Mother, nor can the Mother ignore her child.

In the spirit of Him who said, “Not as the world giveth, give I," must the church and all uplifting souls take that motto which the heroic Scottish minister, Dr. Chalmers, kept above his desk:

For the cause that needs assistance,

For the wrong that needs resistance,
And the future in the distance,

And the good that I can do."



"I am debtor both to the Greek and also to the Barbarian." ROMANS 1:14.

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THE world is keenly aware of varying races

today. Racial characteristics, racial traits,

racial heritages are much dwelt upon. Every race of men seems to feel itself infinitely superior to every other race. The Germans have been obsessed with their own superiority, only in their madness to exhibit the greatest moral inferiority the world has known. Race fear has played a large part in German deterioration. Race fear has been almost universal. For generations we have known of the race peril in the South from the presence of the one-time African slaves, then came the yellow peril from across the China Sea, then followed the Japanese peril, then the Mexican peril. England, with later justification, has shivered at the presence of what she called the Teutonic peril, while the Germans have been equally concerned about the faroff approach of a Slav peril, which like a mighty glacier was pushing slowly but surely from far-off Siberia and Russia for the ultimate crushing of Western Civilization. The hosts of the world are making night hideous today with nightmares which

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