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fied in daily practice, and not merely by impulsive emotionalism.

Service is the expression of the doctrine of loyalty which Professor Royce of Harvard, one of California's sons, has expressed as the fundamental principle of life which every person and every society needs. He upholds that there is no ultimate satisfaction of life without devotion to the principle of loyalty. Every individual must have some group, something outside of himself, to which he is loyal, if he would make the most of himself. Loyalty to the family, loyalty to the social group, loyalty to the nation, loyalty to a great cause, is the way whereby the individual shall truly arise.

Service is the real epitome of what Jesus Christ and the most spiritual of Israel's prophets stood for. This is graphically demonstrated in the incident from which the phrase of the evening's text was taken. Jesus was but a little older than Alexander, who at the age of thirty, was weeping because there were not greater worlds to conquer. The conquest of Jesus was not the conquest of the world of success, but of the world of service. His intimate friends did not realize this. Like the politicians of today, they were anxious to have political preferment. Two of the most ambitious asked that they might have the chief positions when He came into power. One wanted to be Secretary of State, the other Secretary of the Treasury. But He, turning to them, said that the chief place should be given to the one who was the servant of all.

Even as


the son of man came not to be ministered unto but to minister." The power of this program was subtly set forth in that play, of a few years ago entitled, “The Servant in the House," wherein the Bishop of Benares, unheralded, unannounced, and therefore unrecognized, assumed the position of servant to the great discomfiture of the pompous Bishop of London.

The principle of service Jesus made the one criterion of worth in the final day of judgment, “: In as much as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, the King shall say in that day, 'Ye have done it unto me.'” Jesus gave His life in service. He went about doing good. The night before He died, He took a towel and girded himself and washed the disciples' feet.

The principle of service, which Jesus insisted on, through the last 1,900 years has contributed most of the progress which has come to Europe and America. At least this is the conclusion at which the historian Lecky in his “History of European Morals” comes. He states that this Christian principle did away with infanticide, banished the bloody gladiatorial shows from Rome and exalted woman from a plaything to a companion. It did much to alleviate the horrors of war, until the back eddy of the terror of today. He even goes so far as to maintain that there was no such thing as true philanthropy in the world until this Christian principle of service warmed the hearts of men.

Service is the master passion actuating America

in this war.

The line of cleavage between the Allies and Germany, divides service to self as personalized in the Hohenzollerns, and service to others as personalized in the Allies who seek to defend the freedom of small nations as well as great.

Never has a more splendid sight been seen than that of a nation which draws its sword and gives its sons, not for glory but for service; not for aggrandizement, but for the sake of the weak; not for might but for right.

“Greater love hath no man than this that a man lay down his life for his friends.”

From her earliest days, America has been dedicated to the cause of service. Having been conceived with the idea that all men are created free and equal, she early became a haven of refuge for the oppressed of all nations. While yet in her infancy, she sent Commodore Decatur to purge the Mediterranean from the slavery of Barbary pirates. In her early youth she gave to the world the Monroe Doctrine, wherein she took upon herself the service of protecting the American continents from old world despotism. A little later she rendered to the Orient the lasting service of opening Japan to the influence of the Western world. Almost at the price of her own life, she freed herself from the incubus of human slavery, “that government of the people, for the people, and by the people might not perish from off the earth.”

Through the past decades while she has been growing into greater maturity, America has served the world by championing the cause of international arbitration. And now at length, when it has become evident that a sinister government could be appealed to by neither reason nor humanity, America has thrust herself into the vortex of death, into the mouth of hell, with a certain fierce joy that she might have a part in making the world safe for Democracy, nay, that Democracy might live.

If you would appreciate the identity of America with service, mark the distinction between the leaders of America and of Prussia at every critical era, since America became a nation. In the first scene is Washington, the incarnation of the spirit of renunciation. Risking all for the sake of freeing his country; accepting, not a crown, but a presidency, then like Cincinnatus to his plough, going into private life content not that he has power, but that he has served.

At the very same hour in Europe, Frederick the Great of Prussia was laying Europe red with blood for the sake of his own tyrannous purposes.

In the middle of the nineteenth century, Lincoln was the embodiment of American ideals. Contrast his love of democracy and freedom, with these words of Bismarck, who at the time was the ruling power in Prussia and afterward the creator of the new Germany. Speaking before the Budget Committee of the Prussian Diet, in 1862, Bismarck said, “Our blood is too hot. We are fond of bearing armour too heavy for our small body. Germany

does not look to Prussia for liberalism, but for power. Let Bavaria and Würtemburg and Baden indulge in liberal ideas, no one will assign them the rôle destined for Prussia. Prussia must consolidate its might and nurse it for the favourable moment. Prussia's boundaries, as determined by the Congress of Vienna, are not conducive to its welfare as a sovereign state. Not by speeches and resolutions of majorities are the mighty problems of the age to be solved (that was the mistake of 1848 and 1849), but by blood and iron.”

The life-line of American democracy spells seryice; the life-line of German autocracy spells self. The conflict is inevitable. We rejoice that it has come! We give ourselves whole-heartedly to the task. This today is our happy land of service.

Our task is the more happy because service is the Christian ideal.

Jesus came to establish the Kingdom of God here on earth. The Kingdom of God is a redeemed society of men and nations who seek to realize Jesus' ideal of brotherhood and justice, and to express devotion through service.

There is a Kingdom of Evil opposing the establishment of the Kingdom of God. This Kingdom of Evil is not a metaphysical one of Satanic origin; but a real one of Satanic spirit.

The Kingdom of God stands for brotherhood, the Kingdom of God stands for sacred obligations of family life; the Kingdom of God stands for truth; no liars shall be found therein; the Kingdom of God

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