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LITERALLY TRANSLATED,

WITH

COPIOUS EXPLANATORY NOTES;

BY WHICH

THESE DIFFICULT SATIRISTS ARE RENDERED EASY AND
FAMILIAR TO THE READER.

BY THE REV. M. MADAN.

Ardet...Instat... Aperte jugulat.

SCAL. in Juv.

A NEW EDITION, REVISED AND CORRECTED

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

OXFORD; PRINTED BY J. VINCENT,
FOR THOMAS TEGG, 73, CHEAPSIDE, LONDON;'
R. GRIFFIN AND CO., GLASGOW;

TEGG AND CO., DUBLIN ;

AND J. AND S. A. TEGG, SYDNEY AND HOBART TOWN.

MDCCCXXXIX.

2977

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DECIMI

JUNII JUVENALIS

AQUINATIS

SATIR Æ.

SATIRA X.

ARGUMENT.

The Poet's design in this Satire, which deservedly holds the first rank among all performances of the kind, is to represent the various wishes and desires of mankind, and to shew the folly of them. He mentions riches, honours, eloquence, fame for martial achievements, long life, and beauty, and gives instances of their having proved ruinous to the

OMNIBUS in terris, quæ sunt a Gadibus usque
Auroram et Gangem, pauci dignoscere possunt
Vera bona, atque illis multum diversa, remota
Erroris nebula quid enim ratione timemus,
Aut cupimus? quid tam dextro pede concipis, ut te

*This Satire has been always admired; Bishop Burnet goes so far, as to recommend it (together with Persius) to the serious perusal and practice of the divines in his diocese, as the best common places for their sermons, as the storehouses and magazines of moral virtues, from whence they may draw out, as they have occasion, all manner of assistance for the accomplishment of a virtuous life. The tenth Satire (says Crusius in his Lives of the Roman Poets) is inimitable for the excellence of its morality, and sublime sentiments.

5

Line 1. Gades.] An island without the Straits of Gibraltar in the south part of Spain, divided from the continent by a small creek. Now called Cadiz, by corruption Cales.

2. The East.] Aurora, (quasi aurea hora, from the golden-coloured splendour of day-break,) metonym. the East.

-Ganges.] The greatest river in the East, dividing India into two parts.

3, 4. Cloud of error.] That veil of darkness and ignorance which is over the human mind, and hides from it, as it were, the faculty of perceiving our

THE

SATIRES

OF

JUVENAL.

SATIRE X.*

ARGUMENT.

possessors of them. He concludes, therefore, that we should leave it to the gods to make a choice for us, they knowing what is most for our good. All that we can safely ask is health of body and mind: possessed of these, we have enough to make us happy, and therefore it is not much matter what we want beside.

In all lands, which are from Gades to

The East and the Ganges, few can distinguish

True good things, and those greatly different from them, the cloud

Of error removed: for what, with reason do we fear,
Or desire? what do you contrive so prosperously, that you 5

real and best interests, as distinguished from those which are deceitful and imaginary.

4. What, with reason, &c.] According to the rules of right and sober reason. 5. So prosperously, &c.] Tam dextro pede-on so prosperous a footing-with ever such hope and prospect of success, that you may not repent your endeavour (conatus) and pains to accomplish it, and of your desires and wishes being fully completed and answered ?-votique peracti.

The right and left were ominous

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