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the leaders of opposition, and took his seat in the long parliament; but the violences of that assembly soon disgusting him, he quitted the popular party, and became a zealous adherent to the king and his cause, for which at length he suffered exile, and the loss of his estates. He died at Paris, Jan. 16, 1652-3, at the age of seventy-two.

Lord Clarendon adds to these biographical notices, that the earl of Bristol was a man of a grave aspect, of a presence that drew respect, and of long experience in affairs of great importance. He was a very handsome man; and his parts, which were naturally great, had been improved by good education at home and abroad: but though he was a man of great parts and a wise man, yet he had been for the most part single and by himself in business; which he managed with good sufficiency; and had lived little in consort, 30 that in council he was passionate and supercilious, and did not bear contradiction without much passion, and was voluminous in discourse; so that he was not considered there with much respect; to the lessening whereof no man contributed more than his son, the lord Digby; who shortly after came to sit there as secretary of state, and had not that reverence for his father's wisdom, which his great experience deserved, though he failed not in his piety towards him.

Biog. Brit. and New Biog. Dict. vol. v.
6 Hist. of the Rebellion, vol. ii. p. 202, 8vo. edit.

Fuller remarks, that he was a cordial champion for the church of England. Some of his letters are printed in the Clarendon Papers, and Parliamentary History : and two of his speeches occur among the Harleian MSS.

The following college-verses were pointed out by lord Orford, and printed in “ Funebria nobilissimi ac præstantissimi Equitis, D. Henrici Untoni,” &c. Oxon. 1596, 4to. “ Parva dabit nubes pluvias: capit ungula nomen

Isidis: Iliaden parvula testa nucis: -
Exiguâ chartâ totus depingitur orbis:

Cæsaris effigiem quilibet assis habet:
Cùm nequeam Untoni defuncti dicere laudes,
Digno pro meritis carmine, flebo tamen.

“ Johannes Digby, Colleg. Magd."

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In the first book of Lawes's Ayres and Dialogues, 1653, the following neat madrigal is pointed out as the production of John, earl of Bristol.

“ Grieve not, dear love, although we often part;

But know, that Nature gently doth us sever, Thereby to train us up with tender art,

To brook the day when we must part for ever :

" For Nature, doubting we should be surpriz'd

By that sad day, whose dread doth chiefly fear us; Doth keep us dayly school'd and exercis'd,

Lest that the fright thereof should over bear us."]




He was son of the great earl of Clanricarde by that remarkable woman the lady Frances, sole daughter and heiress of sir Francis Walsingham, widow of sir Philip Sidney and of Robert earl of Essex; and mother of the generals of the parliament's army in England, and of the king's army in Ireland, Robert, the second earl of Essex, and this lord Ulick, who is represented as a man of great honour, and, though a steady Roman Catholic3, was a zealous servant of the king against the Irish rebels, succeeding the marquis of Ormond in his lieutenantcy and iil success. He lost an immense estate in that kingdom, and being obliged to submit to the superior arms of the parliament, he retired to England in 1657, and died within the year at his house called Summer-hill in Kent. He has

• [Ulick, i.e. tbe red, the third of that name, was grandfather of Ulick, called by the Irish Ne-gan, i. e. a capitibus, or the beheader; having made a mount of the heads of men slain in battle, which he covered with earth. Pedigree of De Burgh, p.x.] His mother turned Papist after lord Essex's death.

left a large collection of papers relating to the affairs of the Irish rebellion : they were published imperfectly at London in 1722, in 8vo. under the title of

“ Memoirs of the Right Honourable the Marquis of Clanricarde, Lord Deputy of Ireland; containing several original Papers and Letters of King Charles the Second, the Queen Mother, the Duke of York, the Duke of Lorrain, the Marquis of Ormond, Archbishop of Tuam, Lord Viscount Taaffe, &c. relating to the Treaty between the Duke of Lorrain and the Irish Commissioners, from February 1650 to August 1653, (said to be) published from his lordship’s original manuscript. To which is prefixed a Dissertation containing several curious Observations concerning the Antiquities of Ireland 3."

But a complete edition has been lately given in folio by the present earl, called,

" The Memoirs and Letters of Ulick Marquis of Clanricarde and Earl of St. Albans, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and Commander in Chief of the Forces of King Charles the First in that Kingdom during the Rebellion, Governor of the County and Town of Galway, Lord Lieutenant

• [This Dissertation, says sir James Ware, by no means answers what is promised in the title. Writers of Ireland, p. 203.]

of the County of Kent, and Privy Counsellor in England and Ireland. Printed from an authentic Manuscript, and now first published by the present Earl of Clanricarde. "Lond. 1757. With a Dedication to the King and an Account of the Family of De Burgh."

The title of the new edition is more proper than the former, as it is in reality little more than a collection of letters strung together to preserve the connexion.

[This earl, whom Granger has arranged under the class of Irish nobility, was not, he says, a man of shining abilities, but of great humanity, courtesy, and generosity; strongly attached to his friends, a true lover of his country, and above all sordid views or motives of private interest. He adhered to the crown from principle, and had a particular affection for the king's person. He for some years attended the court, where he contracted many friendships ; and indeed few courtiers have been more generally esteemed . Judge Lindsay has greatly added to this honourable character, by a short comparative view of the two great Irishmen of their age, the marquisses of Ormond and Clanricardes, in which he observes, “ They were both of ancient extraction and great estates, of equal

• Biog. Hist. vol. ii. p. 149.

5 Printed with the pedigree of the family of De Burgh, be« fore lord Clanricarde's Memoirs, p. xix.

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