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magnanimity, but of different persuasions in religion : the first being of the Protestant religion as professed in the established churches of England and Ireland; the other was of the religion of the church, not of the court of Rome. They both preserved an unshaken and steady loyalty to their prince, and an abstracted love for the true interest of their country. These principles, no sufferings which were great, no dangers which encompassed them on every side, could in the least alter. The marquis of Clanricarde seems to derive some advantage to his character from an erroneous religion, and an infirm constitution of body. No prospect of benefit to his persuasion, no invitations of persons of quality of the same opinion, could prevail upon him to depart from his duty to his king and country; and no pain, no sickness which did not con

; fine him to his bed or house, ever made him decline such fatigue or expeditions as he thought necessary to be undertaken for the good of the kingdom. His memory will be precious with all men of honour and virtue to the latest posterity.”

His lordship’s numerous letters appear to be altogether of a political nature ; and a short extract as a specimen of his epistolary style, may therefore suffice.

“ To my lord of Inchiquin. “ My lord, “ The bearer, my noble kinsman, sir Roger Shaghnussy, being by my licence upon his departure out of this government into Munster, to take care of his lady, family, and estate in those parts, which by rea

son of his long absence, hath and may suffer much by the general unhappy distempers in this kingdom; I could not let so much worth and merit pass from me, , without giving your lordship notice that in his own persun, his son and followers, he hath constantly, and with much forward affection, been present and assist. ing to me in all my proceedings and endeavours for his majesty's service: and I must truly attribute much of what I have been able to compass therein, to his diligence and ability. And the due consideration thereof I do recommend unto your lordship, that he may find . your favour and assistance in all his just occasions, both for reparation, and for the safety and preservation of himself and estate in those parts: and our condition here I shall refer to his relation.

"I must not omit to give your lordship many humble thanks for your favour shewed to Marcus Lynch and others of Galway, upon my letters in their behalf to my late lord president, which came to your lordship’s hand and power to effect; and if in any thing my service may be of use to your lordship, I shall esteem it a very great happiness to be guided to those ways and employments, that may with most respect approve me your lordship's affectionate kinsman to serve you,

" CLANRICARDE AND ST. ALBANS. Loughreagh, the 29th of July, 1642.”)



The depression of the nobility after the death of Charles the first, threw many of them into studious retirement; of which number this second earl of Monmouth appears to have been the most laborious. He seems to have distrusted his own abilities, and to have made the fruits of his studies his amusement, rather than his method of fame. Though there are several large volumes translated by him, we have scarce any thing of his own composition; and are as little acquainted with his character as with his genius. Anthony Wood”, who lived so near his time, and who tells us that the earl was made a knight of the bath at the creation of Charles prince of Wales in 1616, professes that he knows nothing more of him but the catalogue of his works, and that he died in 166). In sir Henry Chauncy's Hertfordshire, is the inscription on his monument in the church at Rickmansworth, which mentions his living forty-one years in marriage, with his countess,

Vol. ii. p. 257.

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