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of Yorkshire, (See Bishop Gibson's Camden; 2d edit. col. 913.] Called Calaterinum-Nemus, in the year 1607.
“ 'Twas famous (he says) for a yearly horfe
race wherein the prize for the horfe that W won, was a golden bell.” e, in
'Tis mention’d by Skelton, Poet Laureati to King Henry the VIIIth, Works, published 1736. p. 9. '.:.:.SI 1.". Thus ftode I in the frythy forest of Galtrý « Ensowked with fylt of the myry mose.”
Sc. 5. p. 277. Archbishop of York to Prince John of Lancaster.
York. Will you thus break your faith ?
Lanc. I pawn'd you none :
For the truth of this, and the foregoing scene, see Hall, Holinsned, and other historians.
To this breach of faith, and death of Richard Scrope, Archbishop of York, one of our English historians, Clement Maydeftone, ascribes several misfortunes to King Henry the Fourth, and observes, among others, that he was struck with a leprosy; and that his body in the conveyance of it to Canterbury, was thrown overboard; and his (a) coffin only buried with great solemnity.
Sc, 8. (a) Poft mortem ejusdem Regis accidit quoddam miTabile, ad prædi&ti Domini Ricardi, Archipræsulis gloriam declarandam, et æternæ memoriæ conimendandam.
Sc. 8. p. 284. 3
Thoug bì doth work as strong as aconitum.] Aconitum was the same with the napellus, wolfs bane, or monksbood. See an account of it's operation.
Dr. Mead's Mechanical Account of poyfons, 2d edit. p. 131: ii
1.6 Nam infra triginta dies poft mortem di&i Regis, Henrici Quarti, venit quidam vir de familiâ ejusdem, ad domum Sanctæ Trinitatis de Haundeslow, vescendi caufà ; et cum in prandio sermonicarentur circumftantes de probitate morum ipfius Regis ; refpondit prædi&us vir cuidam armigero, vocato Thoma Maydstone, in eadem mensâ tunc fedenti. Si fuerit vir bonus, novit Deus ; fed hoc verifimè fcio, quod cum a Weftmonafteriâ corpus ejus versus Cantuariam, in parva naviculâ portaretur ibidem sepeliendum ; ego fui unus de tribus personis, qui projecerunt corpus ipfius in mare, inter Berkingum, et Gravelend: et addidit com juramento ; tanta tempestas ventorum, et fluctuum irruit super nos, quod multi nobiles sequentes, nos in naviculis octo in numero dispersi sunt ; ut vox morti periculum evaferunt. Nos vero qui eramus cum corpore in desperatione vitæ noftræ pofiti, cum affensa projecimus illud in mare ; et facta est tranquilitas magna. Ciftam vero in quâ jacebat panno
deaurato coopertam, cum maximo honore Cantuaria deportavimus, et sepeli- vimus eam. Dicant ergo monachi Cantuariæ, quod fepulchrum Henrici Regis Quarti eft apud nos, non corpus: ficut dixit Petrus de Sancto David, ait. 2°. Deus omnipotens eft teftis et judex : quod ego Clemens Maydeftone vidi virum illum, et audivi ipsum jurantem patri meo Thomæ Maydeftone, omnia prædicta fore vera.
Clemens Maydeftone de Martiria Ricardi Scrope, Archiep. Ebor.
" I have
2: In some cases it was of use.
“I have heard (says Ben Jonson (in Sejanus's “ FALL, P. 352.) that .acanite being timely “ taken, hath a healing might against the scor,
pion's stroke.”- Plinii Nat. Hift. lib. 27, cap. 2. de aconito. Sc.9. p. 286. Clar. Tbe river bath thrice
flow'd, no ebb between, And the ald folk (time's doting chronicles) Say, it did fo, a little time before, Tbat our great grandfire, Edward fock'd and dy'd.] Mr. Seymour in his Survey of London, and Weltminister, yol. 1. p. 30, makes mention of this incident, giving an account of the many remarkable ebbings, and Powings of the river Thames. « On the 12th of O&tober 1411, (the “ twelfth year of the reign of Henry IVth] the " Thames fowed thrice in one day.” This was two years before the King's death, he dying the 29th day of March 1413,
There are several instances of the Thames, and other rivers being dry. Both the șivers Medway, and the Thames, dry for some miles in the year 1114: Stow's Annals, p. 138. The Thames in the year 1158. Stow's Annals, p. 149. The river near Harold in Bedfordshire in the year 1399. Echard's Hift. of England, vol. 1. p. 407. See likewise Stow's Ann.
Sc. g. p. 286.
Sc. II. p. 291. King Henry to the Prince of Wales.
K. Hen. O my poor kingdom, fick with civil
blows! When that my care could not withbold thy riots, What wilt thou do, when riot is thy care? 0, thou wilt be a wilderness again ; Peopled with wolves, thy old inbebitants.]
Wolves were very common in England and Wales, till beyond the middle of the tenth century, when King Edgar, in order to destroy, and rid the land of them, instead of the tribute imposed on the Prince of Wales, by King Atbelftan, appointed (a) Ludwall, then Prince of Wales, to pay him yearly three hundred wolves.
To this Spenser alludes, Shepherds Calender, September
Hobbinol. “ Fie on thee, Diggon, and all thy foul
leasing; “ Well is it known, that sith the Saxon King, “ Never was wolf seen many nor fome, “ Nor in all Kent, nor in Christendom ; " But the fewer wolves (the footh to fain) « The more been the foxes that here remain."
And Mr. Somervil.
« Not less at land
(a) Sunt qui fcribunt Ludwallum Cambria Principen pendisse annuatim Edgaro Regi 300 luporum tribuci nomine, atque ita annis quatuor, omnem Cambrian atque adeo omnem Angliam orbaffe lupis.
Jo. Caius de Caribus Britannicis, p. 6.
“ His' royal cares; wise, potent; gracious < Prince !
(King Edgar.] " His subjects from their cruel foes he saved, « "And from rápácious savages their flocks. " Cambria's proud Kings (tho' with reluctance)
paid “Their tributary'wolves ; head after head, 77 $ In full account, 'till the woods yield no more, " And all the rav'nous race extinct is loft. “ In fertile pastures, more securely graz'd The social troops : and soon their large
66 increase « With curling fleeces whiten'd all the plains. " But yet alas ! the wily fox remain'd “.A subtle, pilf'ring foe, proling around * In midnight shades, and wakeful to destroy « In the full fold, the poor defenceless lamb, &c.”
The Chace, Book 'III. 12. &c. From this, came the term of wolf's head, when any man was outlaw'd by the King's mouth, his head was callid a wolf's bead, and any man might Nay him.
See King Edward's Laws Ecclefiaftical, 1114, f. 7. Johnson's Collection of Ecclefiaftical Laws,
Sc. II. p. 292: Prince Henry to the crown.
The caré on thee depending Hath fed upon the body of my father, Therefore thou best of gold, art worst of goldi, Qiber, less fine of carrat, is more precious, Preserving life in medicine potable.).