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They stole away, and took their hafty flight, a Carried in clouds of all-concealing night. “ So was the husband-man left to his lofs, ". And they unto their fortune's change to coss.

Alt 5. fc. 2. p. 240.

Prot. But pearls are fair, and the old saying is, Black men are pearls, in beauteous ladies eyes. ] “ A black man is a jewel in a fair woman's “ eye.” Ray's Proverbial Observations, referring to love, p. 61. 2d. edit.

The Merry Wives of Windsor.

ACT 1. SCENE. I. P. 251. SHALLOW, Sir Hugh perjaade me not, I will

make a star-chamber matter of it.] Ben Johnson intimates likewise, that the star-chamber had a right to take cognisance of such matters.

“ Sir you do forget, “ There is a court above, of the star-chamber “ To punish routs and riots.

The Magnetick Lady. Aet 3. sc. 2. Id. ib. Slender speaking of Shallow.

Slender. In the county of Gloucester, Justice of Peace, and Coram.] Master Slender should have said Quorum, had not Shakespeare put other blunders into his mouth, as grofs as this. Justices of the Quorum, fo called, from their commission. Quorum AB. CD. EF. inum elle volumus. Because some businefs of importance shall not be dispatched without the presence of


them, or one of them. See Wood's Institute of the Laws of England, book 1, chap. 7.

Id. ib.

Shal. Ay, Coufin Slender Custalorum. Slen. Ay, and Ratolorum too.]

I remember a countryman (otherwise of good understanding) who in his discourse commonly aiming at hard words, knock'd them out of joint, and told a friend of mine, that a duke (naming his name). was made Lord Lieutenant, and Thessalorum of the county. For Cuftos Rom tulorum.

Id. ib. Slender. A gentleman born master Parfon, who writes himself Armigero, in any bill, warrant, quittance, or obligation.]

Much of this caft was a Justice of the Peace not many years ago, who lived not far from Clarkenwell. In the first year of the reign of his late majesty, when his clerk was reading a mittimus to him, coming to anno Domini 1714. He cry'd out with fome warmth, and wby not Georgia Domini ? Sure Sir, you forget yourself strangely.

Id. ib.

Shal. Ay, that I do, and have done any time these three hundred years.] Bishop Montagu, Bishop of Chichester, who lived in Shakspeare's time, in the preface to his book intitled, A Gagg for a new Gospel. No, a new Gagg for an old. Goofe, makes mention of a person (that had the like treacherous memory with Justice Sballow) " who being evidence in a case of tythe,

66 swore

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swore in the bishop's hearing, that he had “ known the place tytheable for three hundred

years ; and yet he was aged but ninety nine." Act 1. fc. 1. p. 252. Evans. The dozen white lowjes do become an

old coat well, &c. Shallow. The luce is the fresh fish, the salt fiflo is an old coat.] Shakespeare by hinting that the arms of the Shallows and the Lucys were the same, shews he could not forget his old friend Sir Thomas Lucy, pointing at him under the character of Justice Shallow. But to put the matter out of all doubt, Shakespeare has here given us a distinguishing mark, whereby it appears, that Sir Thomas was the very person reprefented by Shallow. To set blundering Parson Evans right, Shallow tells him, [The luce is not the lowze, but] the fresh fish, or pike, the salt fish [indeed] is an old coat. The plain English of which is, if I am not greatly mistaken : The family of the Charleotts had for their arms a salt fih originally; but when William fon of Walter de Charleott, assumed the name of Lucy in the time of Henry the Third, he took the arms of the Lucys : This is not at all improbable, for we find, when Maud Lucy bequeath'd her estate to the Piercies, it was upon condition, they joyn’d her arms with their own :“ and, says Dugdale, 'tis likely William de Charleott took the “ name of Lucy to oblige his mother,” and I say farther that it is as likely, he took the arms of the Lucys at the same time.



The luce is the fresh fish, (our modern coat of arms] the falt fifts (our ancient coat] an old

Mr. Smith,
The luce a pike, or jack:

“Many a fair partriche had he in mewe
“ And many a breme, and many a luce in stewei

Chaucer's Prologues of the Canterbury Tales, 351, 52

Id. ib. “ By all the sainetis that we preie, " But thei defende them with lampreie, “ With luce, with elis, with famons.

Romaunt of the Roses, 7087, &c. Or Shakespeare for the old coat, the salt fish, might alludė to Ben Johnson's piece of wit (in his play intit'led, Every Man in his bumour, first acted in 1598, and in which Shakespeare acted a part) upon the family of the Cobs.

Act 1. fc. 4:

Cob. “ I assure you, that the first red berring " that was broiled in Adam and Eve's kitchin, do I fetch my pedigree from by the Harrots books. His Cob was my great, mighty great grandfather.

Id. ib. Şlen. May I quarter Coz?

Shal. You may by marrying. ). By quartering in heraldry, is understood the marshalling of divers coats in separate areas, or quarters, in one shield.

See Distionary at the end of Guillim’s Heral dry, last edit.

Id. ib.

Shal. The council fhall bear it; it is a riot] He alludes to a statute made in the reign of

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King Henry the Fourth (13th. chap. 7th) by which 'tis enacted, “ That the justices, threey

or two of them, and the sheriff, and under

sheriff, shall certifie before the king, and his "counselle, all the deeds and circumstances

thereof, (namely of the riot) which certifi“cation should be of the like force as the pre« fentment of twelve : upon which certificate,

the trefpaflers and offenders, shall be put to “ answer, and they which be found guilty, shall “ be punish'd according to the discretion of the

king and counselle." Sc. 3. p. 255 Fall. Now, master Shallow, you'll complain of me to the council.] “ You'll complain of me to the king. Folio. 1632.

Sc. 3.

Falft. What say you Scarlet and John ?] Two pf Robin Hood's companions, as appears from the following old ballad. “ I have heard talk of Robin Hood

“ Derry, derry, derry down, “ And of brave Little John, “ Of Friar Tuck, and Will Scarlet, Hi Stokesly, and maid Marrian.

“ Hey down, &c. Robin Hood's Golden Prize. Old Ballads vol. 2 p. 121. See likewise George a Green Pinner of Wakefield, A Comedy. old plays published 1744. vol. 1. p. 211.

Evans. Diverse philosophers bold, that the lips is parcel of the mind. ] Parcel of the month. Folio. 1632.

Sc. 4.

Sc. 5:

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