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tion and kindness. His first act was to cut off my ears and tail, and if I loved him not the better for the pain he inflicted, I felt that I could love him no less. It was not that he was amiable, for he was the reverse, but I had strong within me the principles of love and fidelity. Why could I not speak and tell him so? I could only whine and look wistfully at his eyes, which mine forever followed. We were companions inseparable, and he was, I think, as happy as I, when we hunted the rabbit and squirrel together. But with his manhood came other pursuits. I noted, however, that when these satisfied him he would forget old Abdiel; but, that when he felt the neglect or ingratitude of later friends, he would pat me on the head, as if he remembered, at least, one of the faithful. I had once the satisfaction of saving his life, for when he overset his canoe in paddling after ducks, I brought relief in time to save him. Ever after, I enjoyed increased consideration in the family; and, when the adventure was mentioned, I never failed to wag the stump of my tail.

Ŏ my master! my master! for your own happiness, if not for my sake, why did you act so hastily? There had been various charges laid against me for worrying sheep, and in one case the evidence seemed so strong of my having killed an old bell-wether, that I could have half justified my master in surrendering me as the culprit. Alas! did I escape such testimony, to be executed on bare suspicion? It was in the Canicular Days, when our great Sirius shed its rays over languid nature; the cook-maid had dashed upon me a pailful of cold water as I slept in the sun, yelping, in my dreams, after a hare. I was so little pleased with the salutation, that I snapped her greasy fingers, and ran away from the uplifted mop-stick, with my tail, as I suppose, not very erect. I was forthwith accused of hydrophobia, of which suspicion is conviction. I saw some preparations in the way of pitchforks, that gave me no pleasure, and I was struck to the heart with sorrow to see my master bring forth his gun. I retreated-not from fear of death, but because I could not bear to die by the hand that had so often fed me. My retreat seemed to settle the question of the disease, though, had I remained to be quietly knocked on the head, subsequent investigation might have produced a posthumous acquital! I was chased like a wolf, and I would not bear it long; feeling myself to be too old a dog to run away, and to make new friends, I turned about, and the whole army of farmers stood at bay. I verily believe that had I charged upon them, not one would have stood firm. My master was in the front, and as I went slowly towards his levelled gun, I received the contents in my side. He came up to me, and must have discovered that I had been unjustly used; for my last act was to lick his hand, and my last look gave him more pain, than his shot had inflicted upon me.

W.

Reader! I awoke under the great banyan-unless, I had again transmigrated into a human body-that of a wandering merchant, who resolved never more to kill for sport a living thing, or to persecute an animal so faithful and true as Poor Tray.

MONTHLY RECORD.

OCTOBER, 1831.

POLITICS AND STATISTICS.

UNITED STATES.

United States Bank. The following is the substance of the Report of Mr. Biddle, the President, to the stockholders of the Bank of the United States, at their triennial meeting in Philadelphia, on the first of September. The number of stockholders, 4145. 1449 stockholders own from one to ten shares each; 900 females own 29,000 shares; 329 trustees and executors, 20,500; 126 corporations and charitable societies, 14,300. More than one fourth is held in this manner. The capital is distributed between the Bank in Philadelphia and twenty-five Branches. Since 1817, two Branches have been discontinued, and nine new ones created; making an increase of seven in fourteen years. These proceeded from thirty-eight applications.

The situation of the Bank on the 1st of Aug.
1831, was as follows:
Public debt, fund,
Discounted on personal security,

on funded security,
on domestic exchange,

purposes, Same in 1831,

Circulation,
Deposits,
Specie,

Notes of State Bank, equal to specie,
Surplus profits,
Surplus provision for bad debts,
Bonds for Bank, and 5 per cent. from
Government, paid and liquidated,

Increase of investments since 1822,
Nett profits for Jan. and July, 1822,
Same for 1831,

Amount of bills bought and sold, and
Treasury transfers,
Domestic bills bought,
In August, 1822, amount of discounts
of Bank and Branches for domestic

3,500,000 41,600,000 800,000 14,400,000 22,300,000

16,300,000 11,500,000

2,100,000 1,750,000

309,000

1,705,000

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The Report of the Committee to whom this document was referred, says, "the charter of this Bank will expire by its present limitation, on the third of March, 1836, and there will, consequently, be but one triennial meeting after the present, and that at a point of

time too near the expiration of the present charter, to authorise measures in regard to its renewal. It is fit, in the opinion of your Committee, that, before that meeting, power should be given to the Board of Directors, to prosecute them, if they think proper. This power should be large and definitive, not merely to solicit a renewal, but to abide, if they think right, by the terms which Congress may impose. A Board of Directors who have administered the Bank in the manner detailed in their recent communication, are safe depositories of the entire power of the stockholders on the subject of a renewal of the char

ter.

In pursuance of this recommendation, the following resolution was passed.

"Resolved, That, if at any time before the next triennial meeting of the Stockholders, it shall be deemed expedient by the President and Directors to apply to Congress for a renewal of the Charter of the Bank, they are hereby authorised to make such application in the name and behalf of the Stockholders, and to accept such terms of renewal as they may consider just and proper."

Claims on France. Our long pending, complicated, and difficult negotiation with France was closed in July, by a treaty, which secures to American claimants a full indemnity for their original losses-extinguishes all ground of complaint on the part of the French government, on account of the real or pretended violation of the 8th article of the Louisiana treaty, by a slight deduction from the duties now imposed in the United States, on some of the natural products of France-and settles forever the question of Beaumarchais's claim, as well as all others, to the amount of more than five million of francs, by the allowance of a round sum on our part, which forms but a small proportion of the whole amount urged by the French

government. Mr. Gallatin, who had the best means of determining the amount justly due from France, estimated the total at the sum of twentyfive millions of francs, of which ten millions, for vessels and cargoes regularly condemned, he considered as utterly hopeless. Mr. Rives, it is understood, has secured twenty-eight and a half millions, to be paid in six annual instalments.

MAINE.

The elections in this state took place on the 12th of September, and resulted in the re-election of Governor Smith, and the success of the political party friendly to the administration of the General Government.

VERMONT.

At the annual election in Vermont, the votes were so much divided that no choice was made by the people, and that duty will devolve upon the legislature. The candidates were supported by the Anti-masonic, National Republican and Administration parties, and the former obtained a plurality of the votes.

MASSACHUSETTS.

Troy, or Fall River, is situated on Taunton River, not far from the head of Mount Hope bay, and is accessible to vessels drawing four feet of water, at any stage of the tide. There was not much of a town here, until within six or seven years; but now there are not tenements sufficient to accommodate the working people, and the popu lation exceeds 4000. The fall is about 128 feet in height, and extends 2500 feet; it is divided by nine dams, which give to each an average fall of fourteen feet. Here are eight cotton factories, which employ 1276 hands, three fourths of whom are females, run 31,458 spindles, and 1041 looms, and consume annually 6108 bales, or 2,289,000 pounds of cotton. There are also here, a satinet factory, employing 160 hands, and producing 5000 yards a week, which is equal to about $195,000 per year;— Bleaching and printing works, where 260 hands are employed, and 16.800 yards are bleached and printed daily; at this establishment, 100 pounds of bleaching salts, and 100 pounds of oil of vitriol are used daily, and 120 tons of madder, 1000 tons of anthracite, and 400 tons of bituminous coal are consumed annually. There are also iron works, where a thousand tons of iron are manufactured yearly, and about twenty-five hands are employed. There are seven places of public worship in

the town; and a bank, the capital of which is $200,000.

New-Bedford is situated upon Buzzard's Bay, and contains about 8000 inhabitants, and probably employs more shipping than any town of its size in the United States, if not in the world. It is estimated that there are 40,000 tons employed in the whale fishery, 10,000, in other foreign fisheries, 1200 in cod and mackerel fishing, and 8000 in the coastwise trade. The ship Maria, of this town, which was in port in August, and ready for another whaling voyage, was a curiosity. She was bought on the stocks by William Roach, in 1792, and is consequently now fortynine years old. She was the first ship that ever hoisted the American flag in London, has been almost in constant employ, and was then able to perform three or four more voyages, without repair. There are in New-Bedford, three banks, three insurance offices, ten places of public worship, and seven large manufactories of sperm candles. American Institute. The annual meeting of this association was held on the 25th of August. The curators reported that they had obtained a room for the Institute, for three years, on the condition of paying the expenses necessary to repair it, which amounted to $298 58; and have procured a number of the principal periodicals of the country. They have also addressed a circular to the principal publishers of Books Education, requesting a copy of each work by them published, for the use of the Institute. In compliance with this request, more than one hundred volumes have been presented for the library. The Treasurer reported, in addition to the above expenditure for the room, an amount of $107 88, for the meeting of the Institute the last year and other incidental charges, amounting in the whole to $406 46. To meet these expenditures, the Institute have received from two life members, $40; from two hundred nineteen annual members, $219; and for the copy right of the lectures, $350; amounting in all to $609. The balance in the Treasury is $202 54. The introductory Lecture by Rev. James Walker was an exposition of the influence of accidental causes in Education. A premium of $20 was awarded to W. A. Allcott, of Hartford, for the best Essay on the construction of School-houses.

on

The following officers have been elected for the ensuing year. President, Francis Wayland, Jun. President of Brown University, Providence, R. L.

Vice-Presidents, William B. Calhoun, Springfield. William Sullivan, Boston. John Adams, Andover. John Park, Worcester, Mass. Thomas H. Gallaudet, Hartford, Conn. Andrew Yates, Chittenango, N. Y. Roberts Vaux, Philadelphia, Pa. William C. Fowler, Middlebury, Vt. Reuben Hains, Germantown, Pa. Benjamin B. Wisner, Boston, Mass. Thomas S. Grimke, Charleston, South-Carolina. John Griscom, New-York. Timothy Flint, Cincinnati, Ohio. Philip Linsley, President of the University of Tennessee, Nashville, Tenn. Alva Woods, President of the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Benjamin Abbott, Exeter, New-Hampshire. William Wirt, Baltimore, Maryland. Recording Secretary, Gideon F. Thayer, Boston, Mass. Corresponding Secretaries, Solomon P. Miles, Boston, Mass. William C. Woodbridge, Hartford, Conn. Treasurer, Benjamin D. Emerson, Boston, Mass. Curators, Abraham Andrews, Frederick Emerson, Cornelius Walker, Boston, Mass. Censors. Ebenezer Bailey, Jacob Abbot, Boston, Mass. C. C. Felton, Cambridge, Mass. Counsellors, William J. Adams, New-York. James G. Carter, Lancaster, Mass. William Russell, Germantown, Pa. Joseph Emerson, Weathersfield, Conn. William Forrest, New-York. Walter R. Johnson, Philadelphia, Pa. John Kingsbury, Providence, Rhode-Island. Samuel P. Newman, Professor of Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me. Henry K. Oliver, Salem, Mass. Asa Rand, Boston, Mass. O. A. Shaw, Richmond, Elipha White, John's Island, South-Carolina.

Va.

Dry Dock. This work is now going on at the Navy-Yard in Charlestown, under the direction of Loammi Bald

win, Esq. Engineer. The masonry rests on a timber floor, which is three hundred and forty-one feet long and one hundred feet wide. The foundation is on piles in rows across the floor, three feet apart between the centres, and the piles in each row are three feet apart, from centre to centre. At the middle, along the axis of the Dock, the piles are a little nearer, under the place where the keel of the vessel will rest. The whole number of timber piles is a little more than 4000. Upon the tops of the piles, after having been carefully sawed and planed level, are laid pine timbers, one foot square, kept down by strong dove-tailed tenons at every third or fourth pile. The space under and between these lower timbers are filled

in with flat and suitable stones, without mortar, so as to be level with the upper surface of the timber. This being done, the interstices between the stones, are filled in with sand. A floor of welljointed three inch pine plank is spiked or treenailed upon the timbers, and covering the whole area of 341 by 100 feet. Upon this course of planking, a second course of floor timbers, one foot thick and sixteen inches deep, is well and accurately fitted down to the plank immediately over the lower timbers, and bolted to them. The upper surfaces of the second course of timbers is levelled off after they are laid, and the spaces between them, two feet wide and sixteen inches deep, is filled in with bricks and New-York cement, the top surface being plastered so as to be flush with the tops of the timbers. Over this a second course of three-inch plank, like the first, is laid, and upon this the masonry is commenced. Round the whole floor is driven a row of four inch sheet piling, besides three courses across the floor under and near the gates. The bottom of the chamber of the dock on which the ship is to rest, is 228 feet long from the extreme point at the semicircular head, to the lower end at the reversed arch behind the gates. The width between the first or lower alters is 30 feet. The distance from the lower end of the chamber to the point of the mitre sill, is 32 feet; thence to the floor of the floating gate, 21 by 67 feet; the last being 21 by 25 feet long. From the last to the end of the floor towards the sea, the distance is 5 by 75 feet; making the whole interior length of the dock on the floor, 308 by 67 feet. The breadth of passage between the abutments at the gates, is 60 feet, and between the interior faces of the coping at the chamber, is 86 feet.

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community and to the stockholders of the rail road, from the facility which it would afford for the transportation of salt, from the salt-works in Washington county, both to the East and to the West. The proprietors of these works vend annually about 3,500 tons of this necessary of life; it is obvious, that by the aid of the proposed railway the proprietors of the salt-works might greatly enlarge their sales, whilst they reduced the price of the article. Taking all these articles into consideration, the committee calculate upon the transpotration of imports to the value of $64,798, and of exports to the value of $267,963, the tolls upon which would pay seven and a half per cent. on the total cost of the road, as above estimated.

TENNESSEE.

At the election in August, William Carroll was re-elected Governor of the state for two years, which will expire in October, 1833. A company is about being formed in the city of Nashville, with a capital of 40,000 dollars, for the purpose of establishing a Cotton Manufactory in that place, which will be the first in that neighborhood. There is not any paper-mill in West-Tennessee. MISSOURI.

Sunday Schools. Pursuant to public notice, an unusually large and respectable meeting of the citizens of St. Louis was held in the Presbyterian church on Sunday morning, the 28th of August, for the purpose of taking measures to promote the cause of Sunday Schools in that state. It was previously understood that the effort to be made, was to be in conformity with the plans at present in operation by the American Sunday School Union, for supplying every destitute neighborhood throughout the Valley of the Mississippi, with a Sunday School. The Hon. William Carr was called to the chair. He then stated the object of the meeting, which he followed with the decided expression of his approbation of Sunday Schools; his confidence in the integrity of the American Sunday School Union, and the perfectly baseless nature of the charge that these schools were intended to unite church and state. He adverted to the object of Sunday Schools as instilling into the rising generations the great moral principles of the Bible, a book of the utmost importance to man in every station of life. The speaker remarked that in early life that book had been pointed out to him by his preceptor as being the first with which it

was proper to make himself perfectly familiar, in order to his accomplishment as a gentleman, a scholar, and a jurist. He had only to regret that the wise counsel thus communicated had been so very imperfectly followed, and must therefore ever be the advocate of a system calculated deeply to engrave these truths upon the minds of the generations that were to succeed him. The Hon. Judge Peck presented a resolution declaringThat the institution of Sunday Schools must prove eminently beneficial to all classes of Society; that as an efficient means for the education of unnumbered thousands, and for their improvement in taste and morals, it deserves the patronage of the good throughout the world. Judge Peck accompanied the resolution with some remarks expressive of his most cordial approbation of the Sunday School cause; of his sense of the importance of every man's using his influence to sustain it, and widely disseminate its blessings; and his persuasion that the sentiment of the resolution would be most heartily approved by every individual in the assembly. After some other resolutions and speeches, subscription cards were circulated through the house, which resulted in the collection of $427.

FLORIDA.

Pensacola is situated on the north side of Pensacola Bay, in latitude 30° 25', about fifty miles E. S. E. of Mobile and 375 west of St. Augustine. It is on a sand plain near the shore, that cannot be approached but by small vessels. The climate, which would otherwise be extremely sultry, is refreshed by cool breezes from the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico. The forests near this city are well stocked with deer and wild fowl; and the rivers and bays with fish. The population is about 3,000. The harbor is one of the best on the Gulf of Mexico, belonging to the United States, being completely land locked. The streets are very sandy, but are broad and spacious, intersecting each other at right angles; some of which have side walks. The public and private buildings are in a dilapidated state, wearing the appearance of decay. There is a Catholic church; government house; a market house; theatre, and two hotels.

A Navy Yard of the United States is located there, on a healthy situation. It contains a block of elegant brick buildings, for quarters for the officers, and a large number of commodious workshops and warehouses.

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