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Joseph Ropes, Isaac Newhall, J. W. Rogers,
Henry Williams, Edward Cruft, William God-
dard, Ebenezer Breed, William Foster, Thomas
Bancroft. Connecticut. William J. Forbes,
James Donaghee. Rhode Island. William Hun-
ter. New-York. Preserved Fish, John Leo-
nard, Edward Bergh, Samuel P. Brown, Jon-
athan Goodhue, Thomas R. Mercein, John A.
Stephens, Isaac Carow, John Constable, James
Boorman, George Griswold, Benjamin L.
Swan, John Augustus Smith, M. H. Grinnell,
George T. Trimble, Zebedee Ring, Albert
Gallatin, John S. Crary, Jacob Lorillard, James
G. King, Charles H. Russell, H. Kneeland,
Isaac Bronson. New-Jersey. C. L. Harden-
burgh, J. C. Van Dyck, Jolin Bayard Kirkpat-
rick, Miles C. Smith, Henry Clow, John C.
Schenck, John Potter, Henry Vethake, John R.
Thompson. Pennsylvania. Joseph R. Evans,
George Emlen, Clement C. Biddle, Edward In-
grahan, J. M. Barclay, E. Littell, Samuel
Smith, Isaac W. Norris, Richard Price, Henry
R. Watson, Thomas P. Cope, John A. Brown,
Philip H. Nicklin, Condy Raguet, Samueĺ
Spackman. Maryland. William H. Handy,
Arnold D. Jones. Virginia. Philip P. Bar-
bour, Henry E. Watkins, Richard Booker,
James M. Garnett, Samuel L. Venable, Thom-
as R. Dew, Walker Hawes, Philip A. Dew,
John Brockenbrough, Thomas Miller, William
C. Overton, George C. Dromgoole, Randolph
Harrison, Richard Jones, Robert Yancey, Rob-
ert Hurt, Ferdinand W. Risque, Malcolm Mac-
farland, Thomas W. Gilmer, Burwell Bassett,
H. R. Anderson, Josiah Ellis, Charles Everett,
Alexander Gordon Knox, George M. Payne,
James S. Brander, William Maxwell, Benjamin
F. Dabney, R. D. Grayson, S. A. Storrow,
Charles Cocke, John W. Jones, William O.
Goode, Henry H. Watts, William Townes,
John Dickinson, William B. Rogers, C. D. Mc-
Indoe, William P. Taylor, John H. Bernard,
Linn Banks, William H. Roane, James Lyons,
John Tabbs, James Jones, Thomas Giles, Arch-
ibald Bryce, Jr., James Magruder, Benjamin
H. Magruder, William Daniel, Jr., S. H. Davis.
North-Carolina. Joseph B. Skinner, Charles
Fisher, Louis D. Wilson, James Iredell, Will-
iam R. Holt, Joseph B. G. Roulhac, William
W. Jones, Edward B. Dudley, William A.
Blount, Joseph D. White, S. T. Sawyer, David
Outlaw, Thomas S. Hoskins, Robert C. G. Hil-
liard, John E. Wood, J. W. Cochran. South-
Carolina. Zachariah P. Herndon, James G.
Spann, F. W. Davie, James Cuthbert, Thomas
Pinckney, T. D. Singleton, William Butler,
Joseph W. Alston, Henry N. Cruger, Charles
Macbeth, Henry C. Young, A. P. Butler, H. A.
Middleton, Thomas R. Mitchell, W. Wilkin-
son, Philip Tidyman, Stephen Miller, William
Pope, John Frazer, James Lynah, Job Johnson,
John D. Edwards, John Carter, Langdon
Cheves, Joseph E. Jenkins, Hugh Wilson, J.
H. Glover, T. Pinckney Alston, Edward Rich-
ardson, William Harper, William C. Preston,
Henry Middleton, Daniel E. Huger; Hugh S.
Legare, John Taylor, Thompson T. Player, J.
Berkley Grimball, James Rose, William Smith,
Thomas Williams, Jr. Georgia. Eli S. Short-
er, Robert Habersham, Alexander Telfair, John
Cumming, Seaborn Jones, J. Macpherson Ber-
rien. Alabama. John A. Elmore, Benijah S.
Bibb, Enoch Parsons, Alfred V. Scott, John W.
Moore, William J. Mason, Howell Rose, P.
Waters, Henry Goldthwaite, Ward Taylor,
Archibald P. Baldwin. Mississippi. George
William E. Butler,
Alexander Patton. Totals. Maine 3; Massa-
chusetts, 18; Connecticut, 2: Rhode Island, 1;
New-York, 23; Pennsylvania, 15; Maryland, 2;
New-Jersey, 9; Virginia, 51; North-Carolina,
16; South-Carolina, 40; Georgia, 6; Alabama,
11; Mississippi, 1; Tennessee, 2-190.


Hon. Philip P. Barbour of Virginia was elected President of the Convention, and Condy Raguet of Philadelphia, Secretary. The convention continued its sittings till the 7th of October, when it adjourned sine die.

The prominent object of this convention was to prepare a memorial to Congress, which represents to that body the evils, or supposed evils, of the law of 1828, establishing duties on certain imports, for the purpose of protecting similar articles, the product or manufacture of the United States; or, in other words, it was the purpose of the convention to procure a repeal or modification of the whole system of protecting duties, and to procure such an established rate of imposts, as may secure a sufficient amount of revenue to meet the ordinary expenses of the government. To frame and present to Congress a memorial, a committee was appointed consisting of one member from each state represented in the convention, and of this committee, Mr. Gallatin was appointed chairman. The report of the committee is to be prepared, and, by them presented to Congress at its approaching session. The following gentlemen compose this committee:-Albert Gallatin, of New-York, Chairman; Henry Lee, of Mass.; William Hunter of RhodeIsland; Roger Minot Sherman, of Ct.; C. L. Hardenburg, of New-Jersey; Clement C. Biddle, of Penn.;_ George Hoffman, of Md.; Thomas R. Drew, of Vir.; James Iredell, of N. C.; William Harper, of S. C.; John M. Berrien, of Georgia; Enoch Parsons, of Alabama; William E. Butler, of Tenessee.

An address to the people, prepared by a committee composed also of two members from each state represented in the convention, was reported by Mr. Berrien, of Georgia. Some amendments to the address were proposed in the convention, but were not adopted. Several unsuccessful attempts were made, also, to discuss the reported address. It was adopted, without debate, 158 to 29-majority 129.

A proposition was made by Mr. Poindexter, of Mississippi, for the appointment of a committee to confer with a convention notified to appear at NewYork on the 26th of October. This proposition was supported on the ground that it would show a conciliatory spirit, and perhaps lead to a satisfactory arrangement. If the New-York Convention should refuse to confer with the committee, the Free Trade Convention would appear advantageously before the

public, as having made an offer for a friendly compromise. Mr. Harper, of South-Carolina, said he could see no possible good that would result from the appointment of such a committee.

THE CENSUS. The following abstract was procured by the editors of the NewYork Enquirer, from a clerk in the Department of State, and may, it is presumed, be relied on as accurate.

An Abstract of a "careful revision of the enumeration of the United States for the year 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, and 1830," compiled at the Department of State, agreeably to law; and an Abstract from the aggregate returns of the several Marshals of the United States of the "Fifth Census.'

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The two conventions differ in principle. They believe protection to manufactures to be constitutional. We believe it to be unconstitutional. The proposition was not adopted.






1790. 1800. 1810. 1820.

96,540 151,719 228,705 298,335 141,899 183,762 214,360| 244,161 378,717 423,245 472,040 523,287 69,110 69,122 77,031 83,059 238,141 231,002 262,042 275,202 85,416 154,465 217,713 235,764 340,120 586,756 959,049 1372,812 1913,508 184,139 211,949 245,555 277,575 320,778 434,373 602,365 810,091 1049,458 1347,672

59,096 64,273 72,674 72,749 319,728 341,548 380,546 407,350 14,093) 24,023 33,039

76,739 446,913 39,588


748,308 880,200| 974,6221065,379 1211,266
393,751 478,103 555,500 638,829
249,073 345,591 415,115 502,741
82,548 162,101 252,433 340,987
73,077 220,955 406,511 564,317
35,791 105,602 231,727 422,813
45,365 230,760 581,434








76,556 153,407
20,845 66,586


4,762 8.896






















32,392 per cent.

3929,827 5305,9417289,314|9638,131|12856,407

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399,463 269,533




297,011 280,679














15,657 51,472













MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. The Penobscot Joural states that the Historical Society of Maine has in press and will shortly publish a volume of papers relating to the objects of the association. About half of it will be taken up with a history of Portland, and that part of its vicinity, comprised in the ancient town of Falmouth. Another interesting paper, is an account of the expedition of Gen. Arnold through Maine to Canada, during the Revolutionary War. There will also be an interesting and valuable illustration of this account, consisting of iletters written by Arnold on the march, giving an account of his progress, and the Journal of a British Officer, who passed up the Chaudie after the conquest of Quebec by Wolf, and penetrated some distance into the State. This .Journal, falling into the hands of Arnold, probably suggested to him the idea of the route he adopted. These documents were obtained for the society, through the agency of Col. Aaron Burr, who accompanied Arnold, and was by the side of Montgomery, when he fell, under the walls of Quebec. This Society has an extensive and almost unexplored field for its labors. The early history of the State, presents many topics, which require elucidation, and to which the researches of the society, will doubtless be directed. The original grants, and varied forms and extents of government in the western part of the state, the different provinces into which that quarter was divided, under the names of Laconia, New-Somersetshire, Lygonia, and Maine, with the numerous and conflicting relations arising from the divisions, are topics of great, though perhaps not of general interest. More attractive subjects will be found in accounts of various Indian tribes formerly inhabiting the state, their predatory excursions and bloody wars against the early colonists; of the incursions and settlements, conquests and defeats of the French with their alliances at different times with the savages, particularly with the Norridgewocks and Penobscots,by the aid of the Jesuit, Ralle, in the one case, and the Baron Castine, in the other; of the ancient settlements on the coast, at Mount Desert, Penaquid, and Piscataqua, and others at different points; and of more recent interesting events, such as the occupancy of the soil by the British, in the Revolution, and again in the late war; and in notices of men who have been distinguished from various causes, in the annals of the state.


The Legislature of this State adjourned on the 2d July last, having passed, during the session, 75 acts and 50 resolutions, and having voted two addresses to the Executive for the removal of a Judge of Probate and a Coroner. The Senate elected Hon. Benning M. Bean, of Moultonborough, their President, in room of Hon. Samuel Cartland, appointed Judge of Probate for the County of Grafton. We perceive that a writer in the Concord Statesman questions the constitutionality of the election of Mr. Bean, he having received but four of the votes of the seven senators present, whereas the Constitution of the State requires that "when less than eight Senators shall be present, the assent of five at least shall be necessary to render their acts and proceedings valid."

The Religious Anniversaries which have been holden in September, in various parts of the State, for nearly twen ty years, were this year holden at Concord. The meeting of the General Association was on Tuesday, the 6th. Rev. Nathaniel Lambert, of Lyme, was Moderator. The New-Hampshire Branch of the American Education Society held their meeting on the 7th. The officers elected are, Rev. Nathan Lord, D. D., President; Professor Ebenezer Adams, Vice-President; Rev. Charles B. Hadduck, Secretary; Hon. Samuel Morril, Treasurer; Dr. Samuel Alden, Rev. P. Cooke, Rev. Nathaniel Bouton, Rev. Israel Newell and Mills Olcott, Directors. The New-Hampshire Bible Society and the New-Hampshire Missionary Society had their meetings on Thurs day, the 8th. The President of the last named Society is Rev. John H. Church, D. D., of Pelham; the Secretary, Rev. Abraham Burnham, of Pembroke. The Bible Society has, during the last 2 years, raised and remitted to the National Society at New-York, the sum of $8000, for the general supply of Bibles to the destitute throughout the United States.

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year or two since immense quantities of Hemp were raised in the meadows, this year scarcely an acre; last year but little broom-corn was raised, in consequence of which the price of brooms was high, and this year, most of the productive soil is devoted to it; according to this fluctuating principle, this article will fall, and next season the land will be appropriated to some other crop; and so on, vice versa. The number of dwelling-houses in Northampton is 417; stores and shops, 69; barns, 302; mills of various kinds, 26; of tillage, 2635; bushels of rye raised, 6257; oats, 5050; Indian corn, 31,000; acres of mowing, 2148; tons of hay, 2394; acres of pasture, 4060; barrels of cider, 2150; acres of woodland, 4414; horses, 334; oxen, 174; steers and cows, 866; sheep 4000; woollen factories, 3; spindles, 1152; carriages and chaises, 3525.

Pawtucket. This town is four miles from Providence, on both sides of Pawtucket river, which at this place divides Rhode-Island from Massachusetts, and contains about four thousand inhabitants. It is entirely a manufacturing town, and one of the most flourishing in the country. The manufacturing establishments are built upon three several falls. At the Upper, or Valley-Falls, are four large mills, running 7500 spindles, 210 looms, employing about 200 hands, and manufacturing above 1000 bales of cotton annually. Another building is erecting, which will hold 10,000 spindles. At the Central-Falls are four large factories, running nearly 10,000 spindles, and 200 looms, employing 240 hands, and using 1200 bales of cotton. At the Lower Falls, which is the principal village, there are 11 mills, running 17,687 spindles and 440 looms, employing 576 hands, mostly females, and using annually 1864 bales of cotton.

Taunton, contains about 6000 inhabitants. The different cotton manufactories here, run about 15,000 spindles, use 2300 bales of cotton, and employ 1160 hands. The Taunton Manufacturing Company have four cotton-mills;-they bleach, and turn into calicoes, two hundred and fifty thousand pieces, equal to about seven millions five hundred thousand yards in a year. They use three hundred hogsheads of madder, thirty thousand pounds of indigo; 150 tons of various kinds of dye woods; beside a vast quantity of drugs, They burn 3000 tons of coal, and 2000 cords of wood. The Iron Works manufacture from scraps 300 tons of iron; they roll and make into hoops, nails, shovels, &c. &c. 1500 tons of foreign iron. They make

25 dozen of shovels, daily-burn 1000 tons of coal and employ 100 laborers. There is a large manufactory of copper and lead, unquestionably the most extensive concern of the kind in the country, where are manufactured about 300 tons of copper, and from five hundred to a thousand tons of lead, in all their varieties. But the most interesting establishment here, is the manufactory of Britannia ware. It owes its existence to the ingenuity of a native mechanic.. To come at the nature of the mixture, an improved tea-pot was broken up and analyzed. From this small beginning, a large four story building with numerous hands, is scarcely equal to the demands upon the company for their ware.

Worcester. The Hundredth Anniversary of the first sitting of the Supreme Judicial Court in Worcester county, after its incorporation, was commemorated in that town by a public address and dinner, with other exercises, under the direction of the Worcester Historical Society, on the 4th of October. The procession, in which the Governor of the State, the Judges of the Supreme Judicial Court, Members of the Antiquarian and Historical Societies, many of the civil and judicial officers and clergymen of the county, occupied the places which had been previously assigned to them, together with a great number of citizens of the county and strangers, moved to the Old South Meeting-House, at 12 o'clock. It was escorted by the corps of Independent Cadets, from Boston, the Worcester Light Infantry, and the Worcester Riflemen. The exercises at the Meeting house consisted of an appropriate prayer, by the Rev. Dr. Bancroft, the reading of select passages of scripture and an address, by the Hon. John Davis. This was an exceedingly interesting historical sketch of the primary legal proceedings in the county, as well as of the difficulties encountered by the original settlers, and an eloquent tribute to the memory of those who persevered through all the obstacles which opposed them. It contained notices of the aboriginal inhabitants, of their hostilities. with the planters, the wars with the French, and the efforts of the inhab-itants in the expeditions against the seats of the formidable power whose influence darkened the early years of New-England-the struggle of the spirit of freedom in the revolution--and the prominent events of local interest during the past century. The causes which have made the population virtuous, and given their character to the men of

Worcester county, were traced and developed. The address was full of historical fact, exhibiting the results of great and laborious research, and of extensive and successful examination. It was a performance of great merit, of sound historical value, which will remain long after the interest derived from the occasion shall have passed. The evident feebleness and physical disability of Mr. Davis made it occasionally painful to the hearers; but, as a whole, the audience were repaid by the information communicated, and the occasional enlivening touches of humor, for the two hours or more, occupied in the delivery. The festivities of the day were continued, by a public dinner, at which the Governor presided, and in the evening the citizens and strangers formed a brilliant assemblage at his hospitable mansion.


Bristol. In this town, which contains a population less than two thousand, thirty thousand clocks of different kinds have been made within the past year, averaging at least eight dollars each; at which rate the manufacture of clocks in that small town brings in an annual income of $240,000. Bristol contains two large factories for making brass clocks, in which about 800 hands are constantly employed, Between thirty and forty dwelling houses and one house for public worship have been erected this year, and another house of worship will soon be finished. The whole town has the appearance of thriftand industry.


Columbiaville. In the vicinity of this place, which is in Columbia county, there are eleven factories, with an aggregate of more than 20,000 spindles, which give direct employment to about 800 persons.

The spinning and weaving establish

ment consists of two extensive brick buildings of four and five stories high, with the necessary appendant erections. It contains 5000 spindles and 172 looms, and employs 280 hands, who produce in each week 320 pieces of cotton cloth of 33 yards; amounting per annnm to no less than 549,420 yards. The calico printing establishment gives employment to 350 men and boys, on the product of whose labor not less than 1200 souls are dependent for subsistence. The quantity of calico manufactured at this establishment is immense, amounting to 4000 pieces, of 30 yards each, per week; making the enormous quantity of

16,240,000 yards per annum, of various patterns, figures and colors.

This establishment, is not merely for bleaching and printing, but produces the finished article from the raw material. The amount of capital employed is about 450,000 dollars.


Belleville, Essex County, on the Passaic, about nine miles from New-York, has a population of 1000, and is a considerable manufacturing town. The copper works here make 1,800,000 pounds of copper sheets and bars, annually, giving employment to 70 hands, and consuming 1300 tons of coal. At one of the establishments there is a set of rollars weighing 14,000 pounds. The "Eagle Printing Works" at Belleville, employ 400 hands, and make 4,500 pieces of calico, of 28 yards each, per week, and the annual amount of goods manufactured and sold is between 900,000 and 1,000,000 of dollars. The pay for labor and keeping the works in repair is more than $70,000. The muslins they use, cost, in their bleached state, about $550,000 per year. Attached to the establishment are smithies for doing their own iron-work, and the designing and engravings on copper for printing are done by artists belonging to the works. There is consumed, in the various works, 2,500 tons of coal per year. Near this stands an establishment for the rolling of brass and silver into sheets. Twenty-five hands are employed in its operations, which are extensive, and the proprietors are about to commence the manufacture of gilt and fancy buttons on a large scale. There is also here a manufactory of store and church lamps, and a brass-founding establishment, &c. which employs 10 hands, and makes of those articles to the amount of $10,000 a year, and an establishment for the manufacture of white and red lead and litharge, which employs 45 hands, averaging one dollar each per day, and carries on very extensive operations. On the opposite side of the Passaic, is the "Lodi Copper Mine," which was worked by the British during the Revolutionary war; it has lately fallen into new hands; and the works are carried on with great success. An original vein has been reached, both vertically and horizontally, of 12 feet long, and from 7 to 8 inches in thickness between the levels, at the depth of 80 feet below the surface, from which numerous masses of ore have been taken, which by smelting produce 78 per cent. of the pure metal. The ore also contains small quantities of sil

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