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Land's Eud. We were very well pleased with When we therefore choose our companions one another the first day; every one endea for life, if we hope to keep both them and vouring to recommend himself by his good hu- ourselves in good humour to the last stage of mour and complaisance to the rest of the it, we must be extremely careful in the choice company. This good correspondence did not we make, as well as in the conduct on our own last long; one of our party was soured the very part. When the persons to whom we join first evening by a plate of butter which had not ourselves can stand an examination, and bear been melted to his mind, and which spoiled his the scrutiny; when they mend upon our actemper to sucb a degree, that he continued quaintance with them, and discover new beauupon the fret to the end of our journey. A ties, the more we search into their characters; secoud fell off from bis good humour the next our love will naturally rise in proportion to morning, for no other reason, that I could their perfections. imagine, but because I chanced to step into the But because there are very few possessed of coach before him, and place myself on the shady such accomplishments of body and mind, we side. This however, was but my own private ought to look after those qualifications both guess; for he did not mention a word of it, in ourselves and others, which are indispensably nor indeed of any thing else, for three days fol- necessary towards this happy union, and which lowing. The rest of our company held out are in the power of every one to acquire, or at very near half the way, when, on a sudden, I least to cultivate and improve. These, in my Mr. Sprightly fell asleep; and instead of en- opinion, are cheerfulness and constancy. A deavouring to divert and oblige us, as he had | cheerful temper, joined with inuocence, will hitherto done, carried himself with an uncon- make beauty attractive, knowledge delightful, cerned, careless, drowzy behaviour, until we and wit good-natured. It will lighten sickness, came to our last stage. There were three of poverty, and affliction; convert ignorance into us who still held up our heads, and did all we an amiable simplicity; and render deformity could to make our journey agreeable ; but, to itself agreeable. my shame be it spoken, about three miles on Constancy is natural to persons of even temthis side Exeter, I was taken with an unac- pers and uniform dispositions ; and may be countable fit of sullenness, that hung upon me acquired by those of the greatest fickleness, for above threescore miles; whether it were violence, and passion, who consider seriously for want of respect, or from an accidental tread the terms of union upon which they come toupon my foot, or from a foolish maid's calling gether, the mutual interest in which they are ne ' The old gentleman,' I cannot tell. In engaged, with all the motives that ought to short, there was but one who kept his good incite their tenderness and compassion towards humour to the Land's End.

those who have their dependance upon them, There was another coach that went along and are embarked with them for life in the with us, in which I likewise observed that same state of happiness or misery. Constancy, there were many secret jealousies, heart burn when it grows in the mind, upon considerations ings and animosities : for when we joined com- of this nature, becomes a moral virtue, and a panies at night, I could not but take notice, kind of good-nature, that is not subject to any that the passengers neglected their own com- change of health, age, fortune, or any of those pany, and studied how to make themselves accidents, which are apt to unsettle the best esteemed by us, who were altogether strangers dispositions that are founded rather in constito them; until at length they grew so well tution than in reason. Where such a conacquainted with us, that they liked us as little stancy as this is wanting, the most inflamed as they did one another. When I reflect upon passion may fall away into coldness and indifthis journey, I often fancy it to be a picture ference, and the most melting tenderness deof human life, in respect to the several friend. generate into hatred and aversion, I shall ships, contracts, and alliances, that are made conclude this paper with a story that is very and dissolved in the several periods of it. The well known in the north of England. most delightful and most lasting engagements About thirty years ago, a packet-boat tbat are generally those which pass between man had several passengers on board was cast away and woman; and yet upon what trifles are they upon a rock, and in so great danger of sinking, weakened, or entirely broken! Sometimes the that all who were in it endeavoured to save parties fly asunder even in the midst of court-themselves as well as they could ; though only ship, and sometimes grow cool in the very honey- those who could swim well had a bare possimonth. Some separate before the first child, bility of doing it. Among the passengers there and some after the fifth ; others continue good were two women of fashion, who, seeing themuntil thirty, others until forty; while some few, selves in such a disconsolate condition, begged whose souls are of a happier make, and better of their busbands not to leave them. One of fitted to one another, travel on together to the them chose rather to die with his wife than end of their journey in a continual intercourse to forsake her; the other, though he was of kind offices, and mutual endearments. moved with the utmost compassion for his wise,


told her, ' that for the good of their children, myself from the vexation which naturally atit was better one of them should live, than tends such reflections, I came hither this evenboth perish.' By a great piece of good luck, ing to give my thoughts quite a new turn, and next to a miracle, when one of our good men converse with men of pleasure and wit, rather bad taken the last and long farewell in order than those of business and intrigue. I had to save himself, and the other held in his arms hardly entered the room when I was accosted the person that was dearer to him than life, by Mr. Thomas Dogget, who desired my fathe ship was preserved. It is with a secret vour in relation to the play which was to be sorrow and vexation of mind that I must tell acted for his benefit on Thursday. He pleased the sequel of the story, and let my reader know, me in saying it was ' The Old Bachelor,' in that this faithful pair who were ready to have which comedy there is a necessary circumstance lied in each other's arms, about three years observed by the author, which most other poets after their escape, upon some trifting disgust, either overlook or do not understand, that is grew to a coldness at first, and at length fell to say, the distinction of characters.pt It is very out to such a degree, that they left one another, ordinary with writers to indulge a certain moand parted for ever. The other couple lived desty of believing all men as witty as them. together in an uninterrupted friendship and selves, and making all the persons of the play felicity; and, what was remarkable, the hus-speak the sentiments of the author, without band, whom the shipwreck bad like to have any manner of respect to the age, fortune, or separated from his wife, died a few months quality, of him that is on the staye. Ladies after ber, not being able to survive the loss of talk like rakes, and footmen make similes : ber.

but this writer knows men ; which makes his I must confess, there is something in the plays reasonable entertainments, while the changeableness and inconstancy of human na- scenes of most others are like the tunes between ture, that very often both dejects and terrifies the acts. They are perbaps agreeable sounds ;

Whatever I am at present, I tremble to but they have no ideas affixed to themDogget think what I may be. Wbile I find this prin. thanked me for my visit to him in the winter; ciple in me, how can I assure myself that I and, after bis comic manner, spoke bis request shall be always true to my God, my friend, or with so arch a leer, that I promised the droll myself? lo short, without constancy there is I would speak to all my acquaintance to be at neither love, friendship, nor virtue, in the his play. world.

Whatever the world may think of the actors, whether it be that their parts have an effect

on their lives, or whatever it is, you see a wonNo. 193.) Tuesday, July 4, 1710.

derful benevolence among them towards the Qui didicit ratriæ qnid debeat, et qnid amicis;

interests and necessities of each other. Dogget Qou sit amore parens, quo frater amanilus et hospes ;

therefore would not let me go, without deReddere persona scit convenientia cuique. Hor. Ars Poet, ver. 312.

livering me a letter from poor old Downs the The poet, who with nice discernment kuows

prompter, wherein that retainer to the theatre What to his country and his friends he owes;

desires my advice and assistance in a matter How various nature warms the haman breast,

of concern to him. I have sent him my private To love the parent, brother, friend or guest,He surely knows, with nice, well-judging art,

opinion for his conduct; but the stage and The strukes peculiar to each different p.tit. Francis. state affairs being so much canvassed by parties

and factions, I shall for some time bereafter Will's Coffee-house, July 3.

take leave of subjects which relate to either of I have of late received many epistles, wherein them; and employ my cares in the considerathe writers treat me as a mercenary person, tion of matters, which regard tbat part of for some little hints concerning matters which, mankind who live without interesting themthey think, I should not have touched upon selves with the troubles or pleasures of either. but for sordid considerations. It is apparent, | However, for a mere notion of the present posthat my motive could not be of that kind ; for ture of the stage, I shall give you the letter when a man declares himself openly on one at large, as follows: side, that party will take no more notice of bim, because he is sure; and the set of men


July 1, 1710. whom he declares against, for the same reason), Finding by divers of your late papers, that are violent against him. Thus it is folly in a you are a friend to the profession of which plain-dealer to expect, that either his friends was many years an unworthy inember, I the will reward bim, or bis enemies forgive him. rather make bold to crave your advice touching For which reason, I thought it was the shortest a proposal that has been lately made me of Hay to impartiality, to put myself beyond fur-coming again into business, and the sub-ad ther bopes or fears, by declaring myself at a ministration of stage affairs. I have, froin my time when the dispute is not about persons youth, been bred up behind the curtain, and and parties, but things and causes. To relieve been a prompter from the time of the Restora.

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Ovid. Amor. El. ix. ver. 1.

cion. I have seen many changes, as well of I have no one for the General but honest George scenes as of actors; and have known men Powell. within my remembrance arrive to the highest Now, sir, they being so much at a loss for diguities of the theatre, who made their en- the Dramatis Personæ ; viz. the persons to trance in the quality of mutes, joint-stools, enact, and the whole frame of the house being flower-pots, and tapestry hangings. It cannot designed to be altered, I desire your opinion, be unknown to the nobility and gentry, that whether you think it advisable for me to una gentleman of the inus of court, and a deep dertake to prompt them? For thougb I can intriguer, had some time since worked himself clash swords when they represent a battle, and into the sole management and direction of the have yet lungs enougb left to buzza their victheatre. Nor is it less notorious, that his rest-tories, I question, if I should prompt them less ambition, and subtle machinations, did right, whether they would act accordingly. inanifestly tend to the extirpation of the good 'Tam your honour's most humble servant, old British actors, and the introduction of

"J. LOWXS. foreign pretenders ; such as Harlequins, French

P. S. Sir, since I writ this, I am credibly dancers, and Roman singers ; who, though they informed, that they design a new house in Lin. impoverished the proprietors, and imposed on the audience, were for some time tolerated, ready by Michaelmas next; which indeed is

coln's-in-fields, near the popish chapel, to be by reason of his dexterous insinuations, which but repairing an old one that has already failed. prevailed upon a few deluded women, especially You know, the honest man who kept the office the Vizard Masks, * to believe that the stage

is was in danger. But his schemes were soon

gone already.' exposed ; and the great ones that supported him withdrawing their favour, he made his exit, and No. 194.] Thursday, July 6, 1710 remained for å season in obscurity. During this retreat the Machiavilian was not idle ; but se- Militat omnis amans. cretly fomented divisions, and wrought over to

The toils of love reqnire a warrior's art, bis side some of the inferior actors, reserving And every lover plays the soldier's part. R. Winne. a trap-door to himself, to which only he had a key. This entrance secured, this cunning

From my own Apartment, July 5. person, to complete bis company, bethought I was this morning reading the tenth canto himself of calling in the most eminent strollers in the fourth book of Spenser, in which sir from all parts of the kingdom. I have seen | Scudamore relates the progress of his cou tship them all ranged together behind the scenes ; to Amoret under a very beautiful allegory, but they are many of them persons that never which is one of the most natural and unmixed trod the stage before, and so very awkward and of any in that most excellent author. I shall ungainly, that it is impossible to believe the transprose it, to use Mr. Bayes's term, for the audience will bear them. He was looking benefit of many English lovers, who have, by over his catalogue of plays, and indeed picked frequent letters, desired me to lay down some up a good tolerable set of grave faces for coun- rules for the conduct of their virtuous amours; sellors, to appear in the famous scene of and shall only premise, that by the Shield of “ Venice Preserved,” when the danger is over; Love is meant a generous, constant passion for but they being but mere outsides, and the ac- the person beloved. tors having a great mind to play The Tem. When the same,' says he,' of this celebrated pest," there is not a man of them, when he is beauty first flew abroad, I went in pursuit of to perform any thing above dumb show, is ca- her to the Temple of Love. This temple,' pable of acting with a good grace so much as continues he,' bore the name of the goddess the part of Trincalo. However, the master Venus, and was seated in a most fruitful island, persists in his design, and is fitting up the cld walled by nature against all invaders. There storm ; but I am afraid he will not be able to was a single bridge that led into the island, procure able sailors or experienced officers for and before it a castle garrisoned by twenty love or money.

knights. Near the castle was an open plain, ‘Besides all this, when he comes to cast the and in the midst of it a pillar, on which was parts, there is so great a confusion amongst hung the Shield of Love; and underneath it, tbem for want of proper actors, that for my in letters of gold, was this inscription : part, I am wholly discouraged. The play with

Happy the man who well can use his bliss ; which they design to opeu is, “ The Duke and Whuse ever be the shield, fair Amoret be his. no Duke;" and they are so put to it, that the master himself is to act the Conjurer, and they

'My heart panted upon reading the inscription: I struck upon the shield with my spear.

Immediately issued forth a knight well mounted, * It is well known that the mask, which conferred a and completely armed, who, without speaking, (etall degree of invi ibility, concealed many inmoralities,

as long won by women of intrigne and pleasure. ran fiercely at me. I received him as well as

I could, and by good fortune threw him out of turned aside his face, as not able to endure the saddle. I encountered the whole twenty the sight of his younger brother. successively, and leaving them all extended on “I at length entered the inmost temple, the the plain, carried off the shield in token of roof of which was raised upon a hundred marble victory. Having thus vanquished my rivals, pillars, decked with crowns, chains, and garI passed on without impediment, until I came lands. The ground was strewed with flowers. to the utmost gate of the bridge, which I found | A hundred altars, at each of which stood a lucked and barred. I knocked and called ; virgin-priestess clothed in white, blazed but could get no answer.

At last I saw one at once with the sacrifice of lovers, who were on the other side of the gate, who stood peep. perpetually sending up their vows to heaven ing through a small crevice. This was the in clouds of incense. purter ; he had a double face resembling a 'In the midst stood the goddess herself Janus, and was continually looking about him, upon an altar whose substance was neither gold as if he mistrusted some sudden danger. His nor stone, but infinitely more precious than name, as I afterwards learned, was Doubt. either. About her neck flew numberless flocks Overagainst bim sat Delay, who entertained of little Loves, Joys, and Graces; and all about passengers with some idle story, while they lost her altar Jay scattered heaps of lovers, comsuch opportunities as were never to be re- plaining of the disdain, pride, or treachery covered. As soon as the porter saw my shield, he of their mistresses. One among the rest, no opened the gate; but, upon my entering, De longer able to contain his griefs, broke out lay caught hold of me, and would fain have into the following prayer: made me listen to her fooleries. However, I Venus, queen of grace and beauty, joy of shook her off, and passed forward until I came gods and men, who, with a smile becalmest the to the second gate, "The Gate of Good Desert," seas, and renewest all nature; goddess, whom which always stood wide open, but in the porch all the different species in the universe obey was a hideous giant, that stopped the entrance; with joy and pleasure, grant I may at last obhis name was Danger. Many warriors of good tain the object of my vows." reputation, not able to bear the sternness of 'The impatient lover pronounced this with bis look, went back again. Cowards fled at great vehemence ; but I, in a soft murmur, the first sight of him; except some few, who, besought the goddess to lend me ber assist watching their opportunity, slipt by him un- ance. While I was thus praying, I chanced observed. I prepared to assault him; but, to cast my eye on a company of ladies, who upon the first sight of my shield, he immedi- were assembled together in a corner of the ately gave way. Looking back upon him, I temple, waiting for the anthem. found bis hinder parts much more deformed The foremost seemed something elder and and terrible than his face ; Hatred, Murder, of a more composed countenance than the rest Treason, Envy, and Detraction, lying in am- who all appeared to be under her direction. busb behind him, to fall upon the heedless and Her name was Womanhood. On one side of unwary.

her sat Shamefacedness, with blushes rising in 'I now entered the “Island of Love," which her cheeks, and her eyes fixed on the ground: appeared in all the beauties of art and nature, on the other was Cheerfulness, with a smiling and feasted every sense with the most agree- look, that infused a secret pleasure into the able objects. Amidst a pleasing variety of hearts of all that saw her. With these sat walks and alleys, shady seats and flowery Modesty, holding her hand on her heart : Cour. banks, sunny hills and gloomy valleys, were tesy, with a graceful aspect, and obliging be. thousands of lovers sitting, or walking together baviour: and the two sisters, who were always in pairs, and singing hymns to the deity of the linked together, and resembled each other, place.

Silence and Obedience. 'I could not forbear envying this happy

Thas sat they all around in seeinly rate, people, who were already in possession of all And in the midst of them a goodly maid, they could desire. While I went forward to Ev'n in the lap of Womanhood there sate, the temple, the structure was beautiful beyond

'The which was all in lily white array'd;

Where silver streams among the linen stray'd, imagination. The gate stood open. In the Like to the morn, when first her shining face, entrance sat a most amiable woman whose Hath to the gloomy world itself bewray'd;

That same was fairest Amoret in place, name was Concord.

Shining with beauty's light, and heavenly virtue's gracc. On either side of her stood two young men, both sirongly armed, as if afraid of each other. * As soon as I beheld the charming Amoret, As I afterward learned, they were both her sons, my beart throbbed with hopes. I stepped to but begotten of her by two different fathers; her, and seized her band; when Womanhood their names Love and Hatred.

immediately rising up, sharply rebuked me The lady so well tempered and reconciled for offering in so rude a manner to lay hold on them both, that she forced them to join hands; a virgin. I excused myself as modestly as though I could not but observe, that Hatred I could, and at the same time displayca my

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shield: upon which, as soon as she beheld the “SIR, god emblazoned with his bow and shafts, she

"I am afraid there is something in the sus. was struck mute, and instantly retired.

picions of some people, tbat you begin to be 'I still held fast the fair Amoret; and, turn

short of matter for your lucubrations. Though ing my eyes towards the goddess of the place, several of them now and then did appear somesaw that she favoured my pretensions with a

what dull and insipid to me, I was always smile, which so eniboldened me, that I carried charitably inclined to believe the fault lay in off my prize.

myself, and that I wanted the true key to *The maid, somet:mes with tears, sometimes decypher your mysteries; and remember your with smiles, entreated me to let her go : but I advertisement upon this account. But since I led her through the temple-gate, where the have seen you fall into an unpardonable error, goddess Concord, who had favoured my en

yea, with a relapse; I mean, since I have seen trance, befriended my retreat.'

you turn politician in the present unhappy disThis allegory is so natural, that it explains sensions, I have begun to stagger, and could not itself. The persons in it are very artfully de- choose but lessen the great value I had for the scribed, and disposed in proper places. The Censor of our isle. How is it possible that a posts assigned to Doubt, Delay, and Danger, man, wbum interest did naturally lead to a are admirable. The gate of Good Desert has

constant impartiality in these matters, and something noble and instructive in it. But

who bath wit enough to judge that his opinion above all, I am most pleased with the beautiful

was not like to make many proselytes; how groupe of figures in the corner of the temple. is it possible, I say, that a little passion, for I Among these Womanhood is drawn like wbat have still too good an opinion of you to think the philosophers call a Universal Nature, and you was bribed by the staggering party, could is attended with beautiful representatives of all blind you so far as to offend the very better those virtues that are the ornaments of the half of the nation, and to lessen off so much female sex, considered in its natural perfection the number of your friends ? Mr. Morphew and innocence.

will not have cause to thank you, unless you
give over, and endeavour to regain what you
bave lost. There are still a great many themes

you have left untouched : such as the illNo. 195.) Saturday, July 8, 1710.

management of matters relating to law and Grecian Coffee-house, July 7.

physic; the setting down rules for knowing the

quacks in both professions. What a large field The learned world are very much offended is left in discovering the abuses of the college, at many of my ratiocinations, and have but a

who had a charter and privileges granted them very mean opinion of me as a politician. The to hinder the creeping in and prevailing of reason of this is, that some erroneously con- quacks and pretenders; and yet grant licences ceive a talent for politics to consist in the to barbers, and write letters of recommendaregard to a man's own interest ; but I am of tion in the country towns, out of the reach of quite another mind, and think the first and their practice, in favour of mere boys ; valuing essential quality towards being a statesman is the health and lives of their countrymen no to have a public spirit. One of the gentlemen farther than they get money by them. You who are out of humour with me imputes my have said very little or nothing about the disfalling into a way wherein I am so very awk-pensation of justice in town and country, where ward, to a barrenness of invention ; and has the clerks are the counsellors to their masters. charity to lay new matter before me for the

But as I cannot expect that the Censor of future. He is at the bottom my friend; but is Great Britain should publish a letter, wherein at a loss to know whether I am a fool or a phy- | he is censured with too much reason himself ; sician, and is pleased to expostulate with me yet I hope you will be the better for it, and with relation to the latter. He falls heavy think upon the themes I have mentioned, wbich upon licentiates, and seems to point more par- must certainly be of greater service to the ticularly at us who are not regularly of the fa-world, yourself, and Mr. Morphew, than to let culty. But since he has been so civil to me, us know whether you are a Wbig or a 'Tory. I as to meddle only with those who are 'em- am still your admirer and servant, pioyed no further than about men's lives, and

* CATÓ JUNIOR not reflected upon me as of the astrological sect, who concern ourselves about lives and for.

This gentleman and I differ about the words tunes also, I am not so much hurt as to stifle staggering and better part; but, instead of any part of his fond letter. *

answering to the particulars of this epistle, I
shall only acquaint my correspondent, that I

am at present forming my thoughts upon the • Written probably by Prior or Swift, while they had foundation of sir Scudamore's progress in yet some hopes of reclaiming Steele, that is, of prevailing Spenser, which has led me from all other upon him to desert the whig-party, as they themselves had just done.

amusements, to consider the State of Love in

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