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1. All tempting others to sin, which is the murder of

souls. John viii. 44. Matt. iv. 3. Gen. iii. 13. Acts v. 3. 1 Thess. iii. 5.

Seducing or corrupting words and deeds.-Bad example.-Influence over others misapplied, or neglected.—Ridicule of religion, or of holiness in others.--Offences okávdada-Duty of Prefects.Private prayer.—Public worship.-Sin of fagging

in unlawful things. See Matt. xviii. 6. 10–14. Mark ix. 42. Luke xvii. 1, 2.

Woe unto him through whom offences come ! 2. All lying, deceit, and fraud. John viii. 44. Rev. xii. 9.

False dealing :-Towards Tradesmen ; running into debt, &c.—Towards Parents ; deception, untrue reports, insincerity, &c.-Towards Schoolfellows ; taking unfair advantages, prompting, cheating in taking places, &c.— Towards Masters; not doing what is set, or doing it fraudulently; plagiarism in your compositions (offence of the hand, Mark ix. 43); counterfeiting sickness; not

observing school hours; &c. &c. See Luke xvi. 10. He that is faithful in that which is least, &c. Rev. xxi. 8. all liars. Tãou tots Yeúdoi.

VII. What more particularly do you renounce, when you Renounce the pomps and vanities of this wicked WORLD? 1. Worldly-mindedness. Col. iii. 2. 1 Cor. vii. 31. 1 John ii. 15.

Devotion to this world.-Forgetfulness of the next.-“Covetous desires," i. e. excessive pursuit of riches, honour, or amusement ;--so as to abuse God's gifts; to forget wherein "a man's life con

sisteth” (Luke xii. 15); to “lay up” no "treasure in heaven" (Matt. vi. 19, 20); to neglect the improvement of your “talents” (Matt. xxv. 14—30); to disable yourself from doing your duty in that state of life to which it shall please God

to call you.—Waste of money.-Waste of time. See Luke xvi. 11. If ye have not been faithful in the unrighteous mammon, &c. Matt. xxv. 30. Doom of the unprofitable servant, αχρείον δούλον. 2. Practices and company of wicked men. Exod.

xxiii. 2. 1 Cor. v. 11. Rom. xvi. 17. 2 Thess. iii. 6. 14. 2 John 10.-Walking in the counsel of the ungodly. Offence of the foot. Mark ix. 45.

Separation from sinners (2 Cor. vi. 17), at whatever cost, so as to follow Christ (Heb. vii. 26), instantly, in spite of misrepresentation, slander, scorn, ridicule, buffeting, persecution, and even death.-Abandonment of all known bad practices, however supported by numbers or recommended by authority even of those you are bound to love ; see Matt. x. 37–39. Luke ix. 59—62. xiv. 26.-taking the word of God, and the teaching of His Church, and not the habits or fashion of the world, as your only rule and standard of duty.

VIII. What more particularly do you renounce, when you Renounce all the sinful lusts of the Flesh? 1. Sensuality. - Intemperantia. - Incontinentia. —

Gal. v. 19. (" Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness ..

... drunkenness, revellings, and such like.") Col. iii. 5. (“Fornication, unclean

evil concupiscence.”) All unchaste and indecent acts, words, desires, thoughts (see Matt. v. 28), and whatever tends to any of these things :—books, idleness, improba Siren desidia.--All excess in eating and drinking, and whatever tends to pamper the flesh, and to


prevent its being “subdued to the Spirit.” 2. Uncharitableness. Gal. v. 20, 21. (“Hatred,

variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders.") Col. iii. 8. (“ Anger, wrath, malice.”) James iv. 5. (“ Envy.”)

All unkindness and unbrotherly conduct in deed and word (see Matt. v. 22).—All insubordination and disrespect to lawful authorities. 1 Pet.

ii. 11. 13. σαρκικαι επιθυμίαι. . See Mark ix. 43. 47. Offences of the eye and of the hand.

IX. What other word is used in the latter part of the Catechism to express this first main portion of the Baptismal vow, or Renuntiation?

X. Why is Repentance required of persons to be Confirmed ?

XI. Why do you think you are “ bound to do” what your Godfathers and Godmothers promised for you? 1. Because otherwise I should forfeit my claim to

the privileges which I received in my Baptism

upon this condition. 2. Because Christ, my ever-blessed Saviour, died to

procure these privileges for me. 3. Because it is the will of God who made me, and

who, knowing what is best for me, like a loving Father, bids me do this for my good. (See Mark xvi. 16. Luke xiii. 5. Col. iii. 6.)

4. Because I am bound in natural affection to do the

will and adopt the act of my earthly Parents,

when it is not inconsistent with the will of God. 5. Because I cannot be happy without holiness,

either in this world or in the next. 6. Because, being wicked, I must be miserable, both

here and hereafter.

XII. What reasons have you to be thankful that you are called to do these things now, i. e. from your earliest years, as soon as you are capable of discerning right and wrong, and so have become responsible in the sight of God for what you do? 1. Because life is uncertain, and delay, therefore,

dangerous. 2. Because the difficulties, however great now, will

become greater by delay. 3. Because the remorse of sin will be afterwards the

more painful the longer I continue in it without

repentance. 4. Because, if I continue in sin, the Holy Spirit, by

whose aid alone I can ever hope to repent, will be offended within me, and grieved, and ultimately quenched (Eph. iv. 30. 1 Thess. v. 19. Heb. x. 29); and then God will not listen to my prayer (Is. lv. 6. Prov. i. 26), but harden my

heart. 5. Because the Tempter will not leave me, but gain

boldness and strength in his attacks, if I do not resist him at first. (See Matt. iv. 11. James

iv. 7.) 6. Because on my doing this, more abundant gifts

of the Spirit are promised me, now that I most want them, to confirm my good resolutions.

7. Because perfect Repentance (uetávola) is the work

not of a short season, but of a whole life. 8. Because Faith in the promises of God is, at all

times, the greatest comfort in the difficulties of life, and the only true consolation under its fre

quent losses and disappointments. 9. Because a consistent life of obedience has the pro

mise of a greater and more glorious reward, through all eternity. See 2 Cor. ix. 6. Luke xix, 16, 17. John xiv. 2. Comp. Luke xii. 47, 48. Matt. x. 15. xi. 22



I. What is the second head, or main portion, of the vow you are preparing to CONFIRM ?

II. Where are these Articles of the Christian Faith to be found ?

The Apostles' Creed. How many Articles ?
The Nicene Creed. A.D. 325. 381. 411.

St. Athanasius' Creed. A.D. circ. 430. Give the origin of the name, and explain the necessity and the value of each of these Creeds.

III. Is there any difference in the mode of expressing our belief with respect to these different Articles ? What is implied in this difference?

See Nicene Creed. 6 I believe in one God," &c. - I believe one Catholic and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism,” &c.

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