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IV. How are you to ascertain whether you possess these things which are required before you can receive this ordinance, as a means of grace?
1. By self-examination as to my past life. 1 Cor. xi. 28, 29. 31. See Previous Exhortation; Exhortation at Communion; 2 Cor. xiii. 5.
2. By appeal to God's minister in case of scruple or doubtfulness. See Previous Exhortation.
V. What would be the consequence of your coming to this ordinance unworthily, that is, without the requisites above-named?
See 1 Cor. xi. 29. 27; also the Previous Exhortation; Matt. xxii. 11-13. Luke xiii. 26. Read 1 Cor. xi. 17
VI. Why is this ordinance called Communion? 1. Because it is a participation in common (кolvería) of the Body and Blood of Christ. 1 Cor. x. 16, 17. xi. 29.
2. Because therein we have fellowship (kovwvíav) and union with Christ. 1 John i. 3. Rev. iii. 20. John vi. 56. xiv. 23.
VII. Why is it called holy Communion?
1. Because it is a Sacrament. See ch. I. xiv.
2. Because in it the most holy Body and Blood of Christ are "taken and received by the faithful;" so that they "spiritually eat the flesh of Christ and drink his blood." Exhortation at Communion. 3. Because it is the great support and means of holiness to all who receive it worthily. John xv. 5.
VIII. What were the circumstances under which this ordinance was first instituted?
PASSOVER. THE LORD'S SUPPER. See Matt. xxvi. 17-20. Mark xiv. 16, 17. Luke xxii. 13-20.
IX. Show that this ordinance was appointed by Christ as a means of grace to confirm and strengthen those who are duly admitted to it; and is therefore necessary to be observed by all who desire to receive grace from Him.
1. From Scripture. 1 Cor. x. 16. John vi. 33-35. 51-58. xv. 1. 4, 5. Matt. xxvi. 26-28. John xv. 6. Matt. xi. 28. Phil. iv. 13.
2. From the outward part, or sign, i. e. the elements themselves, bread and wine. See Ps. civ. 15.— "The most comfortable Sacrament," &c. "Our spiritual food and sustenance in that holy Sacrament." The Previous Exhortation.-" To our great and endless comfort." Exhort. at Comm. See Acts ii. 46.
X. Show that this ordinance is a means of grace, not only as confirming and strengthening, but also as conveying pardon, remission of sins, and eternal life.
1. From Scripture. Matt. xxvi. 28. 1 John i. 7. John vi. 54. 56. Rev. xix. 9.
2. From the occasion and circumstances of its institution. See Exod. xii. passim. 1 Cor. v. 7. Col. i. 20. Heb. ix. 22. 11, 12. x. 12. 14. John i. 29.
XI. Besides these great and unspeakable benefits to be received thereby, what other reasons are there, why you are bound to observe this ordinance?
1. Because it is the express command of Christ Himself. 1 Cor. xi. 25. Luke xxii. 19. Compare Exod. xii. 6. 15. 24.
2. Because He commanded it to be done in remembrance of Him. Luke, ibid. and v. 15. π0vμíą ἐπεθύμησα.
3. Because, by so doing, we keep up a perpetual witness and memory of his death, until his coming again. 1 Cor. xi. 26.
4. Because, accordingly, this is our EUCHARIST, our great and most appropriate act of thankfulness and gratitude (evxapioría) to Him.
5. Because it is the act by which we more especially declare, ratify, and maintain our Communion with his Church. 1 Cor. x. 17.
6. Because the Church has ever held those who neglect it to be virtually excommunicated. Compare neglect of the Passover. Numb. ix. 10. 13. XII. What are the types or similitudes by which Holy Communion is represented to us in the Bible? 1. Tree of Life. Gen. iii. 22. John vi. 35. 2. Sacred Feast of Melchizedek. Gen. xiv. 18.
Heb. vii. 1-3. 17.
3. Manna and water in the wilderness. 1 Cor. X. 3, 4. John vi. 58.
XIII. What are the rules prescribed by our Church with respect to the observance of this ordinance?
1. That all who have been confirmed are forthwith
XIV. What is required of all who have partaken of the Holy Communion, i.e. of Christ's Sacrifice?
To offer and present unto God themselves, their souls, and bodies, to be a reasonable, holy, and lively sacrifice unto Him. See the first Prayer in Post Communion.
XV. What is the third ordinance which God has appointed for his people as a continual means of grace and confirmation?
READING THE INSPIRED WORD. See Matt. iv. 4. John vi. 63. Rom. iv. 4 (" comfort of the Scriptures"). Ps. xix. 7, 8. 2 Tim. iii. 15-17. John v. 39. 1 Pet. i. 23.
XVI. What is the fourth ordinance which God has appointed to the same end?
THE PREACHING AND TEACHING OF HIS MINISTERS. See Matt. xxviii. 20. Luke x. 16.
XVII. Show how great is the responsibility that attaches to the use you shall hereafter make of such teaching.
See Mark iv. 24-27. Luke viii. 18. x. 16. Heb. ii. 1-3.
XVIII. Are there any other special duties or goodworks, which are pointed out in God's word as continual means of His grace and favour?
1. Alms-giving, as expressive of compassion and love of the brethren and of Christ in his poorer members. Matt. vi. 4. Heb. xiii. 16. Luke xi. 41. xvi. 9. xii. 33. 1 Tim. vi. 17-19. Acts x. 2-4, Cornelius. Ps. xli. 1-3. Prov. xix. 17. Heb. vi. 10. 2 Cor. ix. 1-10. Ps. cxii. 19. Matt. x. 42. Mark ix. 41.
2. Religious Fasting, as expressive of self-abasement, and self-denial. Matt. vi. 16-18. 1 Cor. vii. 5. Acts xiii. 2, 3. xiv. 23. Matt. xvii. 21.-Exod. xxxiv. 28, Moses. 1 Kings xix. 8, Elijah. Matt.
iv. 2, JESUS CHRIST.-Jonah iii. 5-10, Ninevites. -Levit. xxiii. 26-32. Acts xxvii. 9, Day of Atonement. (Comp. Ezra viii. 21-23. Is. lviii. 3.)— Judges xx. 26-35, Battle of Gibeah. 1 Sam. vii. 3-12, Victory at Mizpeh. 2 Sam. xii. 16. Ps. lxix. 10, et alib. David. 1 Kings xxi. 27—29, Ahab. 2 Chron. xx. 3, 4. 22, Jehoshaphat. Joel ii. 15-20. Jerem. xxxvi. 9. Jehoiakim. Dan. ix. 3-27. Zechar. viii. 19. Ezra, ut supr. Nehem. i. 4. Luke ii. 37, Anna. Luke xviii. 12. Matt. ix. 15. Acts x. 30, Cornelius. 2 Cor. vi. 5, St. Paul. See Table of the Vigils, Fasts and Days of Abstinence, to be observed in the year, prefixed to the Prayer-Book.
XIX. You have now been taught what it is to be a Christian. If you despise this teaching, or draw back from it, will you not incur the certain displeasure of Almighty God, and be in danger of losing all the benefits you received from Him in your Baptism?
Luke ix. 62. xvii. 32, Lot's wife. Ps. Heb.ii. 1-3. vi. 4—9. 2 Pet.ii. 20, 21. XX. On the other hand, if you persevere, and continue in this state of salvation, what will be your reward? 1. In this life. See Matt. vi. 33. Ps. xxxvii. 25. 1 Tim. iv. 8. Mark x. 29. 2. In the life to come. 10, 11. 1 Cor. ii. 9. "BE THOU FAITHFUL UNTO GIVE THEE A CROWN OF LIFE."
See Heb. x. 35. 2 Pet. i.
" HE THAT OVERCOMETH
THINGS. Rev. xxi. 7.
"WELL DONE, GOOD AND FAITHFUL SERVANT .... ENTER THOU INTO THE JOY OF THY LORD." Matt. xxv. 23.
See Heb. x. 38. cxxv. 5. Jer.ii. 19.
DEATH, AND I WILL Rev. ii. 10.
SHALL INHERIT ALL