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I. Why is it necessary first to understand HOLY Baptism in preparing for Confirmation ?

II. What were the conditions required” of you beforehand in order to your receiving Holy Baptism ?

1. Repentance, “whereby I,” &c.

2. Faith, “ whereby I," &c. See Acts ii. 38. viii. 36. Comp. xvi. 31. 33. 2 Tim. ii. 19. Heb. xi. 6.

III. How are these two conditions, elsewhere in the Catechism, represented as three?

1. Renouncing i. e. Repentance.
2. Believing,

i. e. Faith. 3. Obeying, See Baptismal Service,“ Dost thou renounce,” &c., “Dost thou believe,” &c., “Wilt thou then obediently keep?" &c.


IV. By what name are Sponsors, or Sureties, more commonly called? Why do they bear this name?

See Canon XXIX. Fathers not to be Godfathers in Baptism.

V. What warrant had others to become your Sponsors, and to promise these things for you, when you were too young to promise them for yourself? 1. The encouraging words and gesture of Christ.

Mark x. 13–16. Comp. Matt. xix. 14. Luke

Xviii. 15. τα βρέφη.
2. Practice of the Jews in circumcising infants, as

commanded by God. Gen. xvii. 9—14. Luke i.

59. ii. 21.
3. Practice of the Apostles in baptizing whole fami-

lies. Acts xiv. 15. 33.
4. Practice of the Church in all ages.—See Article


VI. What else was there given you in your Baptism to remind you still further of your being born anew ?

See Gen. xvii. 5. 7. 10. 24. Luke i. 59–63. ii. 21. and comp. Is. lxii. 2.

VII. Explain the several particulars of what took place at your Baptism. 1. A minister of God took me up in his arms, in

token of God's embracing me with the arms of

his mercy. Mark x. 16. Tit. iii. 5. Eph. ii. 8.
2. Then he poured upon me consecrated water, in

token of my sins being washed away. Acts ii.
38. 1 Cor. vi. 11. Zech. xiii. 1. Heb. x. 22.

Ezek. xxxvi. 25–28.
3. At the same time he named me by the new name

given me by my godfathers and godmothers in token


of my being made a new creature, by the operation of God the Holy Ghost (Col. ii. 12. Acts i. 5. 1 Cor. xii. 13. Tit. iii. 5. 2 Cor. v. 17), and pronounced over me the words of Christ, “I baptize thee in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost," i. e. of the God whom

Christians worship. 4. Lastly, he signed me with the sign of the Cross,

in token of my having been made a Christian, and that thenceforth I should not be ashamed to confess the Faith which I believed, and manfully to fight against the enemies whom I had renounced. Matt. xvi. 24. 1 Tim. vi. 12.

VIII. Why was your name thus joined with the most holy name of God in this ceremony?

Because I was thereby admitted into covenant with God, that is, I received from God certain benefits upon my promise (by my sureties) to observe the conditions required of me.

See Jer. xxxi. 31-34. Heb. viii. 7-12.

IX. What necessity was there for your admission into this covenant?

66 Forasmuch as all men are conceived and born in sin,” &c. Bapt. Serv.-Original or birth-sin. Its origin and consequences. Gen. iii. 6. 2 Cor. xi. 3.

Rom. v. 12–18. Ps. li. 5. Job xxv. 4. Eph. ii. 3. John iii. 3. 5. Rom. iii. 10.


X. What was the means by which you were admitted into this covenant? Could you have been admitted into it without Baptism? And having been baptized, are you sure that


are admitted into it?

A 4

·1. Means, whereby,” &c. Acts ii. 38. 47. ii. 19.

xxii. 16. Tit. iii. 5. 1 Pet. ii. 21. 2. Generally necessary,” &c. Mark xvi. 16. John

iii. 3. 5. 3. “ Pledge to assure us,” &c. Matt. xxviii. 19, 20.

Gal. iii. 27. Heb. x. 22, 23. Acts ii. 39.

XI. What are the benefits you received from God in virtue of this covenant?

The essential, hereditary sinfulness, with which I was born, was taken from me as if by death (Col. ï. 12. Rom. vi. 3—11), and I received a new Birth (1 Pet. i. 23), according to which, 1. I was elected “and made a member of Christ,” i. e.

of his body, which is the Church ;-See ch.V. v. 2. 1 Cor. vi. 15. xii. 13—27. Eph. i. 22, 23. Joel ii. 28. 32. 1 Pet. i. 2. Gal. iii. 27 ;--instead of being left to perish with the world. 1 Pet. i. 4.

1 John ii. 16, 17. v. 19. Gal. i. 4. 2. I was adopted “and made a child of God,” i. e.

born of his Spirit and restored to his favour; John i. 13. iii. 5. 1 John v. 1. Gal. iii. 26, 27. 2 Cor. vi. 18;-by the death of his Son ;-Gen. xxii. 18. Is. liii. 11. Matt. xxvi. 28. John i. 29. Rom. viii. 15. Gal. iv. 6, 7 ;-instead of remaining the object of his wrath, and the child of his enemy, the Devil. Rom. viii. 7. Matt. xiii. 38. John

viii. 44. Eph. ii. 1-3. 3. I was made an inheritor of the kingdom of hea

ven," the land of everlasting life ;-Gal. iv. 7. Rom. viii. 17. 1 Pet. i. 3. 5;—instead of remaining an heir of perdition, and of the region of everlasting death. 1 Cor. xv. 22.

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