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ceptari non possit, utrum verum vel utrum rectum fit, quidquid in ea scriptum esse constiterit. Episcoporum autem litteras, quæ post confirmatum cauonem vel scriptæ sunt, vel scribuntur, et per sermodem forte sapientiorem cujuslibet in ea re peritioris, et per aliorum episcorum graviorem auctoritatem doctioremque prudentiam, et per concilia, licet reprehendere, si quid in eis fortè a veritate deviatum est. Et ipsa concilia quæ per singulas regiones vel provincias fiunt, plenariorum conciliorum auctoritati
, quæ fiunt ex universo orbe Christiano, sine ullis ambagibus cedere : ipsaque plenaria sæpe priora posterioribus emendari, cum aliquo experimento rerum aperitur quod clausum erat, et cognoscitur quod latebat.-St. Aug. Epis. de Baptismo contra Donatistas, lib. 11, c. 3, (Bened. edit. Parisiis, 1694) tom. 9,
In iis quæ apertè in Scripturâ posita sunt, inveniuntur illa omnia, quæ continent fidem moresque vivendi.—De Doctrina Christ, lib. 2, c. 9, tom. 3.
Non audiamus, hæc dico, hæc dicis, sed audiamus hæc dicit Dominus. Sunt certè libri Dominici
, quorum auctoritati utrique consentimus, utrique credimus, utrique servimus. Ibi quæramus ecclesiam, ibi discutiamus causam nostram. Auferantur illa de medio, quæ adversus nos invicem, non ex divinis canonicis libris, sed aliunde recitamus. Nolo humanis documentis, sed divinis oraculis sanctam ecclesiam demonstrari.De Unitate Ecclesiæ, c. 3, tom. I, p. 341.
Legite nobis hæc de lege, de Prophetis, de Psalmis, de ipso evangelio, de apostolicis literis, legite et credimus.-Ibid. c. 6,
Hoc in lege et Propbetis,et Psalmis esse scriptum ipset testatus est; hoc ejus commendatum ore tenemus. Hæc sunt causæ nostræ documenta, bæc fundamenta, bæc firmamenta.-Ibidem, c. 16.
Proferimus codices ab inimicis, ut confundamus alios inimicos. In quali ergo opprobrio sunt Judæi? Codicem portat Judæus, unde credat Christianus. Librarii nostri facti sunt *
apparent Judæi de Scriptura sancta quam portant, quomodo apparet facies cæci de speculo : ab aliis videtur, ab ipso non videtur. -Enarra
+ i.e. Dominus Christus.
man in a looking-glass : he is seen by others, but he is not seen by himself.- Exposition of Psalm 56, tom. 4, p. 534.
Search the Scriptures] Our Head says to the Jews, what the body says to you. Ye shall seek me and ye shall not find me. Why? because ye do not search the Scriptures, which testify of me Sermon 129, on the words of the Gospel of John, c. 5. ..
For whereas the Lord had done many things, all were not written, for the same evangelist John testifies, that the Lord Christ both said and did many things which are not written ; but those things were selected to be written, which seemed to suffice for the salvation of believers. On the Gospel of John, c. 2, treatise 49, tom. 3, p. 619.
But the church is our mother, and the two Testaments of the divine Scriptures are ber breasts. Hence is sucked the milk of all the mysteries temporally performed for our salvation.-On the Epist. of John, c. 2, treatise 3, tom. 3, p. 843.
The Church of Christ. By the second day of the week we ought only to understand the church of Christ : but the church of Christ which is in the saints; the church of Christ which is in those who are written in heaven; the church of Christ, which is in those who yield not to the templations of this world.- Exposition of the 47th Psalm, vol. 4. Benedict. edit. printed at Paris, 1697.
His whole church, which is spread every-where, is his body, of which he is the head. But not only do the faithful of the present day, but those who were before us, and those who shall exist after us to the end of time, belong to his body, of which body he is the head, who ascended into heaven.-Erposition of Psalm 62.
In some of his descriptions of the visible Catholic church, Augustine coincides with the opinions of Romanists.
From Archbishop Manse's complete Collection of Councils, tom. 4,
p. 507. Printed at Venice, 1785.
Anti-supremacy. It is also our pleasure, that if the priests, deacons, and inferior clergy complain of the adjudications of their own bishops in their causes, the neighbouring bishops shall hear them, and decide whatever is between them.
But if they think it necessary to appeal from them, they shall only appeal to African councils or to the primates of their provinces.
tion in Psalm 56, tom. 4, p. 534.
Scrutamini Scripturas, &c.] Judæis dicit Caput nostrum, quod vobis corpus dicit. Quæretis me et non invenietis me. Quare? quia non scrutamini Scripturas, quæ testimonium perhibent de me.Sermo. 129, de verbis Evangel. Johan. 5.
Nam cum multa fecisset Dominus, non omnia scripta sunt, sicut idem ipse Johannes Evangelista testatur, multa Dominum Christum et dixisse et fecisse, quæ scripta non sunt; electa sunt autem quæ scriberentur, quæ saluti credentium sufficere videbantur.-In Joh. Evang. c. 2. tract. 49. p. 619, tom. 3.
Est autem mater ecclesia, et ubera ejus duo Testamenta Scripturarum divinarum. Hinc sugatur lac omnium sacramentorum tempora, liter pro nostra salute gestorum.-In Epist. Joh. c. 2, tract 3, P. 849. tom. 3.
Secundam ergo sabbathi non debemus intelligere nisi ecclesiam Christi; sed ecclesiam Christi in sanctis : ecclesiam Cbristi in bis qui scripti sunt in cælo: ecclesiam Christi in his qui mundi hujus tentationibus non cedunt.Enarratio in Psalm 47, tom. 4. Benedict. edit. Parisiis, 1691.
Tota ecclesia ejus, quæ ubique diffusa est, corpus ipsius est, cujus est ipse caput. Non solùm autem fideles qui modd sunt, sed et qui fuerunt ante nos, et qui post nos futuri sunt usque in finem sæculi, omnes ad corpus ejus
pertinent; cujus corporis ipse caput est, qui ad, scendit in cælum.-Enarratio in Psalm 62, tom. 4, p. 607.
Archepiscopi Mansi conciliorum amplissima Collectio, tom. 4, p. 507.
Item placuit ut presbyteri, diaconi, vel cæteri inferiores clerici, in causis quas habuerint, si de judiciis episcoporum suorum questi fuerint, vicini episcopi eis 'audiant, et inter eos quicquid est, finiant.
Quod si ab eis provocandum putaverint, non provocent nisi ad Africana concilia, vel ad primates provinciarum suarum. Ad trans
any one shall appeal beyond the seas, let bim be received into communion by none in Africa.
Here follow the Signatures of Sixty Bishops. 4th Signature. I, Augustine, bishop of Hippo, legate of the province of Numidia, have subscribed these acts.
This was the Milevitan council which decided against appeals to the Bishop of Rome in opposition to Popes Zosimus, Boniface, and Celestine.
Anti-Transubstantiation. If a passage is perceptive, and either forbids a crime or wickedness, or enjoins usefulness or charity, it is not figurative. But if it seems to command a crime or wickedness, or to forbid usefulness or kindness, it is figurative. Unless ye shall eat, he says, the flesh of the Son of Man, and drink bis blood, ye shall not have life in you. He appears to enjoin wickedness or a crime. It is a figure, therefore, teaching us that we partake of the benefits of the Lord's passion, and that we must sweetly and profitably treasure up in our me mories, that his flesh was crucified and wounded for us. The third book upon Christian Doctrine, vol. 3, p. 52. (Benedictine edit. printed at Paris, 1685.)
How shall I put forth my hand to heaven, and lay hold of him who sitteth there? Put forth your faith, and you will have laid hold of him.—The fifth treatise upon the eleventh and twelfth chapters of the Gospel of John, vol. 3, p. 630. (Edit. as above.)
Jesus answered and said to him, This is the work of God, that ye believe in him whom he hath sent. To do this is to eat the meat which perishes not, but endures unto eternal life. Why do you prepare your teeth and
stomach ? Believe only and you will have eaten. —The 25th treatise upon the 6th chapter of the Gospel of John, vol. 3, p. 490. (Edit. as above.)
This, therefore, is to eat that food and to drink that cup, viz., to abide in Christ, and to have Christ abiding in you. And for this reason, he who does not abide in Christ, and in whom Christ does not abide, beyond all doubt does not spiritually eat his flesh, or drink his blood, although he carnally and visibly presses with his teeth the sacrament of the body and blood of Christ. —The twenty sixth treatise
upon the gospel of John, vol. 3, p. 501. (Edit. as above.)
When the Lord was about to give the Holy Spirit, he said that he was the bread which descends from heaveu, exhorting us to believe in him. For to believe in him, is to eat the living bread.—26th treatise upon 6th chap. of the Gospel of John, p. 494. (Edit. as above.)
marinaautem qui putaverit appellandum, a nullo infra Africam in communionem suscipiatur.
Subscriptiones 60 Episcoporum. 44. Augustinus, episcopus Hipponæ regiensis, legatus provinciæ Numidiæ, his gestis subscripsi.
Antitransubst. Si præceptiva locutio est, aut flagitium aut facinus vetans, aut utilitatem, aut beneficentiam jubens, non est figurata. Si autem flagitium aut facinus videtur jubere, aut utilitatem aut beneficentiam vetare, figurata est. Nisi manducaveritis, inquit, carnem filii homie nis, et sanguinem ejus biberitis, non babebitis vitam in vobis ; facinus videtur aut fagitium jubere. Figura ergo est, præcipiens passioni Domini esse communicandum, et suaviter atque utiliter recondendum in memoria, quod pro nobis caro ejus crucifixa est et vulnerata.De Doctrina Christ, lib. 3, tom. 3, p. 52.
Quomodo in cælum manum mittam, ut ibi sedentem teneam? Fidem mitte et tenuisti.-In Evang. Joh. c. il, et 12, tract 50, tom. 3, p. 630.
Respondit Jesus et dixit eis, Hoc est opus Dei, ut credatis in eum quem misit ille. Hoc est manducare cibum non qui perit, sed qui permanet in vitam æternam. Ut quid paras dentes et ventrem? Crede et manducasti.-In Johannis Evang. c. 6, tract 25, tom. 3,
Hoc est ergo manducare illam escam, illum bibere potum, in Christo manere, et illum manentem in se habere. Ac per hoc, qui non manet in Christo, et in quo non manet Christus, procul dubio nec manducat spiritualiter carnem ejus, nec bibit ejus sanguinem, licet carnaliter et visibiliter premat dentibus sacramentum corporis et sanguinis Christi.-In Evang. Joh. tract. 26, tom. 3, p. 501.
Daturus ergo Dominus Spiritum Sanctuni, dixit se panem qui de cælo descendit, hortans ut credamus in eum. Credere enim in eum, hoc est manducare panem vivum.-In Joh. Evang. c. 6, tract, 26,