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gular pieces of broken jugs, that tur corpori, nec ante se ad somthe sharp points of each should num componebat quam fellis be turned to her body, nor did haustu fauces amaricasset. she try to sleep until she had embittered her mouth with a draught of gall. Near the time of her death,
Prope obitum per Rosa thoughout Lent alternately Quadragesimum cum aviculâ mire sang the canticles and praises of canora, quæ soli occiduo ante God every day for a whole hour suum cubiculum advolabat, alwith a very melodious bird, in so ternavit Rosa cantica et laudes orderly a manner, that when the Dei quotidie per horam intebird sang the virgin was silent, gram tanto ordine, ut canente and when the virgin sang, the avicula virgo sileret, et virgine bird, who was most attentive, modulante, avicula attentissima ceased to sing. She invited, nec pipiret. Quin et ipsas inmoreover, the inanimate plants sensibiles plantas exemplo prorafter an unheard-of fashion to sus singulari, ad laudes et ad oratipraise and to pray to God, pro onem Dei, eo versiculo prolato, nouncing the verse, “Bless the “ Benedicite universa germinantia Lord, all ye things which bud in terra Domino,"invitavit et vision the earth, and
she so visibly biliter sic inclinavit ut arborum persuaded them, that the tops of summitates terram attingerent, the trees touched the earth, as if veluti solemni venerationis ritu adoring their creator with a so Creatorem suuin adorarent. lemn veneration.
In the sacred congregation of Sacra rituum congregatione, emo.
rites, the most eminent and et Rmo. Domino Cardinali Reverend Lord Cardinal Car Carracciolo relatore, beatificaracciolo being the relator on the tionis et canonizationis, ren. subject of the beatification and Servi Dei Alphonsi Maria de canonization of the venerable Ligorio, fundatoris congregaservant of God, Alphonso Ma tionis* sčmi. Redemptoris, ac ria of Liguria, the founder of olim Episcopi S. Agatha. the congregation of the most Rome.1806. Apud Lazarinum, holy Redeemer, and formerly Rev.Cam. Apos. typographum. Bishop of St. Agatha.
The Summary of his Virtues.
Summarium de Virtutibus,
Witness. The admirable and Testis adm. R. S. D. Dominicus
reverend Father Dominick Cor Corsano, Mission. cong. S. S. sano, Missionary of the con Red. et V, S. D. confessagregation of the most holy rius.
The miracles recorded in these periodical examinations are frequently rejected by the Popes. But the evidence of his confessor as to his mode of life, must be considered as conclusive.
Redeemer, and confessor of the venerable servant of God.
I know for a certainty, that So di certe scienza ancora, che this servant of God constantly il servo di Dio si disciplinava scourged himself unbloodily and continuamente a secco ed a sanbloodily, and besides the un gue, ed oltre quelle a seco comanbloody scourgings enjoined by
enjoined by date dalla regola soleva egli discibis rule, he was wont to punish plinarsi ogni giorno la mattina himself every day in the morning prima dello sveglio commune, e before the usual hour of rising, la sera dopo sonato il riposo. Il and in the evening after the sig- Sabato poi si disciplinava a sannal for repose.
On Saturdays gue, e queste discipline erano he scourged himself till the blood cosi forte, e faceva scaturire tanto Howed, and these scourgings sangue dalle sue membre, con were so violent, and caused so quei pezzi di quelli lamietti bene much blood to gush from bis affilate, che non solo portava limbs, that not only was his linen sempre asperse le sue biancherie,
, always covered with it, but you e mutaude del suo sangue, ma might even see the walls of his ben anche se ne vedevano asperse small room stained, and even le pareti dalla sua povera stanza, books which he kept in it were fino a spruzzare nei libri, che en sprinkled with it.
essa teneva. Also from what I
Per quanto ho veduto con have seen with my own eyes and propri occhi, ed inteso dire da' have heard declared by certain nostri Padri degni di fede, so che fathers who are worthy of credit, il servo di Dio macerd il suo corpo I know that this servant of God anche con irsuti cilizi acuminati macerated his body, also, with e catenelle tanto alle braccia, che haircloth with sharp points in it, alle gambe, e che seco portava and with chains as well on the sino all'ora di tavola, e queste per arms as on the legs, which he lo piu erano aculeate tanto, che carried with him till dinner-time, davano orrore a chiunque le veand these for the most part were deva. Senti dire ancora che 90 armed with sharp points, that teneva un calzone tutto pieno di they filled with horror all who maglie aculeate di ferro, fasce di ever saw them. I have heard pelo di camelo, ed altri istrosay, also, that he had a dress menti di penitenza, come casualfilled with a coat of mail with mente si vedero da me, e da altri iron points; that he had band miei compagni, non ostante la ages of camel's hair ; and other gelosa e circonspetta segretezza. instruments of penance Eguale fu la sua estrema morticasually seen by me and by ficazione nel dormire
due others of my companions not sole tavole guarnile di un sacwithstanding bis zealous and cir cone di poca paglia, sicchè pacumspect secrecy.
reva un duro sasso ; anzi intesi
Of a similar kind was his ex dire piu. volte che arrivava a treme mortification in sleeping dormire le poche ore della notte upon two planks covered with a
una gran pietra appesa e sack with a little straw in it, 80 legata a suoi pedi. that it appeared a hard stone. I • Mi ricordo bene, che egli frequently also heard say, that non si fece mai la barba, vivendo he slept during his few hours fra noi, col rasajo, ma solamente with a large stone hung on and ogni tanto se la faceva stesso tied to his feet.
colle forbice, e facendose fare I well remember that he never dal fratello assistente la corona shaved himself, when he was chiericole colla stessa forbice. with us, with a razor, but only by little and little he did it with pincers,t and he caused his assistant friar to make his clerical crown with the same pincers.
St. Patrick. I Roman Breviary, S. Patritius. Breviarum Romaon the 17th of March.
num ; die XVII. Martii Ant
verpiæ.—1823. They say that he was wont to repeat daily the whole Psalter
Aiunt enim, integrum quotidiè together with the Canticles, and psalterium unà cum Canticis et two hundred hymns and prayers, Hymnis ducentisque orationibus three hundred times on each day to
consuevisse recitare,ter centies per worship God upon his knees, and dies singulos flexis genibus Deum in each canonical hour of the day adorare, ac in qualibet horâ diei to sign himself one hundred times canonica cepties se crucis signo with the sign of the cross. Divid- munire. Noctem tria in spatia ing the night into three portions, distribuens, primum in centum he spent the first in running Psalmis percurrendis, et bis centhrough one hundred psalms, and ties genuflectendo, alterum in rein two bundred genuflexions, liquis quinquaginta Psalmis, althe second in running through gidis aquis immersus, ac corde, the other fifty psalms, immersed oculis, manibusque ad cælum in cold water, and with bis heart, erectus, absolvendis insumebat: eyes and hands raised to heaven; tertium vero super nudum lapihe yielded the third part to a short dem stralus tenui dabat quieti. sleep upon a hard stone,
+ I have inserted this extract, because the account of the canonization of Alphonso Maria appeared in the newspapers only a few months ago. He was canonized, therefore, an. Dom. 1830, and this evidently proves that the Roman standard of sanctity of the 19th century is neither more nor less than Hindooism.
$ If Santa Rosa and St. Alphonso Maria present us with examples of Hindoo fanaticism, St. Patrick affords us an example of Pharisaic formalism. These absurdities flow from a false gospel; they cannot occur where salvation by grace only is preached and believed.
Appendix on Indulgences. Appendix De Indulgentiis. Treatise on the Sacrament of Pen Tractatus de Sacramento Pani
ance for the Use of Students in tentia ad Usum Theologia CanDivinity. By L. A. Dela didatorum. Aulore. Lud.Egid. hogue.
Delahogue. Dublinii. Ex typ.
Richardi Coyne, 1825.
treasure in the In ecclesia existit thesaurus church, whence are derived in ex quo derivantur indulgentiæ, dulgences, which is accumulated qui coalescit primd ex meritis et primarily from the merits and sa satisfactionibus Christi, et secuntisfactions of Christ, and seconda darid ex meritis et satisfactionirily from the merits and satisfac- bus sanctorum. tions of the saints.
The first position is thus Probatur prima pars. Christus proved. Christ, when he gave seipsum dando redemptionem pro himself as a redemption for all omnibus et propitiationem pro and a propitiation for our sins and peccatis nostris et totius mundi, for those of the whole world, of veram et proprie dictam satisfacfered a true and proper satisfac- tionem Deo obtulit, eamque intion to God, and one infinitely finitè superabundantem, cum vel superabundant, since the shed
unius guttæ sanguinis effusio ad ding of even one drop of his blood totius mundi delicta redimeuda would have more than sufficed to plusquain sufficiens fuisset : bæc redeem the sins of thewhole world; autem supereffluens meritorum but this superaffluent abun et passionum Christi copia thedance of the merits and passion saurum constituit, ex quo vere of Christ, constitutes a treasure, solvi possunt debita quæcumque from which may be truly paid all poenarum quas luendas habemus kinds of debts in the way of pu ratione peccatorum nostrorum enishments, which we have to pay tiam dimissorum. Porrd cùm on account even of the sins that
maximè congruat ut thesaurus ilare remitted. And since moreoevr le otiosus non maneat, merito it is most highly probable that creditur, sicut sponsus, quidquid this treasure should not remain vivens acquirit sponsæ et filiis inoperative, it is rightly believed, suis relinquit, ita Christum ex his that as a husband leaves what terris evolantem, meritorum et saever he has acquired when living tifactionum suarum thesaurum to his wife and children, so ecclesiæ reliquisse, quo ad utiliChrist when he ascended from tates filiorum suorum uteretur. this earth, left the treasure of his merits and satisfactions to the church, to be employed for the benefit of her children.
The second position, respect Probatur secunda pars de meing the merits and satisfactions of ritiset satisfactionibus sanctorum. the saints, is thus proved. They Illi nimirum multa præstiterunt undoubtedly presented many sa
satisfactoria opera, quibus in extisfactory works, which were not piationem delictorum suorum non wanted for the expiation of their indigebant. Sic B. Virgo, licet
own offences. Thus the B. Vir omnis peccati expers,dolores mulgin, although free from all sin, tos et acerbissimos pertulit : sic experienced many bitter sorrows; et Joannes Baptista ab utero mathus John the Baptist, who terno sanctificatus, austeriorem was sanctified from his mother's duxit vitam, quæ martyris coronawomb, led a very austere life, ta fuit; sic apostolorum, martywhich was crowned with martyr rum, confessorum, virginum,aliodom; thus many of the apostles, rumque sanctorum plurimi longè martyrs, confessors, virgins and graviora passi sunt quam exigeother saints, suffered far more bant illorum peccata. Atqui hæc grievous things than their sins de satisfactionum affluentia penes ecmanded. But this abundance of clesiam manere meritò censetur, satisfactions is rightly judged to instar alicujus depositi, quod in remain in the power of the church, publicam fidelium utilitatem imafter the manner of some deposit, pendi possit, via solutionis pro ilwhich may be expended for the lorum debitis. Et quidem id appublic service of the faithful, in primè consonat cum articulo symthe way of payment for their
boli de communione sanctorum, debts.
ut quod ab uno agitur ad alios Clement 6, expressly delivers quodam jure pertineat. this doctrine, which we have just Hanc quam de thesauro ecset forth concerning the treasure clesiæ pro indulgentiis proferimus of the church in the matter of in doctrinam expresse tradit Cledulgences, in the above-cited bull, mens. VI. in citatâ jam bullâ quæ which begins Unigenitus,' in the incipit · Unigenitus' his verbis : following words :-“ It is well “In ara crucis immaculatus agknowy that the immaculate Lamb nus non guttam sanguinis modidid not shed a little drop only of cam, quæ tamen, propter unionem his blood upon the altar of the ad Verbum, proredemptione totius cross, which, nevertheless, by generis humani suffecisst, sed coreason of its union with the Word, piosè, velut quoddam profluvium would have sufficed for the re noscitur effudisse: quantum ergo demption of the whole human exinde ut nec supervacua, inanis, race, but he poured it forth co aut superflua tantæ effusionis mipiously, after the manner of a seratio redderetur, thesaurum mistream. How great a treasure,
litanti ecclesiæ acquisivit? quem therefore, did he thereby acquire quidem thesaurum non in sudario for the church militant, in order repositum, sed per B. Petrum that the mercy of so great an cæli clavigerum ejusque succeseffusion should not be useless, sores, suos in terra vicarios, comempty, and superfluous ! and misit salubriter dispensandum. this treasure he did not commit to the church to be bid in a napkin, but to be salutarily dispensed by the blessed Peter, who carried the keys of heaven, and by his successors, who are Christ's vicars
To the mass of which treasure,
Adcujus quidem thesauri cumu