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Albertinus* de Eucharistiâ, lib.1, cap. 30, p. 209, enumerates 2 popes, Innocent 3, and Pius 2. ; 4 cardinals, Bonaventure, D'Alliaco, Cusan, and Cajetan; 2 archbishops, Richardus Armachanus and Guererius Granatensis ; 5 bishops, Stephanus Eduensis, Durandus Mirnatensis, Gulielmus Altisiodorensis, Lindanus Ruremondensis, and Jansenius Gandavensis; doctors and professors of divinity, Alexander Alensis, Ricardus de Media Villa, Johannes Gerson, Johannes de Ragusio, Gabriel Biel, Thomas Waldensis, Jo. Maria, Verratus, Tilmannus Sigebergensis, Astesanus, Conradus, Johannes Ferus, Conradus Sasgerus, Joh. Hesselius, Ricardus Tapperus, Palatius, and Rigaltius. In fine, 2 popes, 4 cardinals, 2 archbishops, 5 bishops, 19 doctors—In all, 32.
Article 14, of Pope Pius' Creed.
I also admit the holy Scriptures Item 'sacram Scripturam juxta in that sense which our holy mo eum sensum quem tenuit et tenet ther church, whose province it is sancta mater ecclesiæ, cujus est to judge of their true sense and judicare de vero sensu et interinterpretation, has held and does pretatione sacrarum Scripturahold; neither will I ever receive rum, admitto; nec eam unquam and interpret them otherwise than nisi juxta unanimem consensum according to the unanimous agree- patrum accipiam, et interpretabor. ment of the fathers.
that the in Si quis dixerit, in ministris, tention of doing at least what the dum sacramenta conficiunt et church does, is not required in conferunt, non requiri intentioministers, whilst they make and nem saltem faciendi quod facit administer the sacraments, let him ecclesia, anathema sit. be accursed.
• A Protestant. But these names will enable persons who have access to college libraries to verify the fact by consulting the originals.
Jesus Christ in the most Holy tri Jesu Christi in SS. Eu-
In the first place the holy Principio docet sancta synodus
Catechism of the Council of Trent, printed at Venice, 1582-De
Sac. Euch. p. 241. But now the pastors must here Tam verò in hoc loco a pasexplain, that not only the true toribus explicandum est, non body of Christ, and whatever ap- solum verum Christi corpus, et pertains to the true mode of quidquid ad veram corporis raexistence of a body, as the bones tionem pertinet, veluti ossa et and nerves, but also that entire
nervos, sed etiam totum Chris. Christ is contained in this sacra tum in hoc sacramento contineri. ment.—On the Sacrament of the Eucharist. *
The priests have recently made a translation into English of this catechism, in which the expression “ bones and nerves" is omitted.
Scotus in 4 Sent. d. 11, q. 3.
Scotus in 4 Sent. d. 11, q. 3. There is no passage of Scrip Non extare locum ullum Scripture so express, as evidently to turæ tam expressum, ut sine eccompel the admission of transub- clesiæ declaratione evidenter costantion without the declaration gat transubstantionem admittere. of the church.
Biel in can. Missa, Lect. 40.
Biel on the canon of the Mass,
Lect. 40. It is no-where found in the canonical Scriptures.
Neutiquam inveniri in canone Bibliorum.
Occham. Cent. book 4, ques. 6. Occamus Centilii, lib. 4, 9. 6.
It is more reasonable and easier, Substantiam panis remanere, raand attended with fewer incon tionabilius et facilius esse ad teveniences, and moreover less re nendum, imd minoribus incompugnant to the holy Scriptures, modis obnoxium et sacris Scripto hold that the substance of the
turis minùs repugnare. bread remains.
Card. Camerac. in 4, d. 11, q. 6,
art. 1 and 2. Transubstantionem non posse probari ex sacris literis.
Transubstantiation cannot be proved from holy writ.
Cardinal Roffensis, Book against Card. Roffensis, Lib. cont. Luth.
Luther on the Babylonish Cap de Capt. Babyl. c. 1. tivity, chap. 1.
There is no word in Scripture Nullum in Scripturâ verbum by which it can be proved that positum esse, quo probetur in this transmutation of the sub missâ hanc substantiæ transmustance takes place in the mass. tationem fieri.
Cardinal Cajetan, in Th. p. 3, Cajet. in Th. p. 3, 9.75, art. 1.*
9. 75, art. 1. There does not appear out of Non apparet ex evangelio cothe gospel any thing to compel us activum aliquod ad intelligendum
The above quotations from Scotus, Biel, Occham, Cardinal Cameracensis, Cardinal Roffensis, and Cardinal Cajetan, have been extracted from Bishop Cozens' Work, and I have had no opportunity of verifying them. Hence in corroboration of them Í have appended the testimony of Bellarmine.
to understand these words lite hæc verba propriè, nempe, “ Hoc rally, namely, “This is my body," est corpus meum :" imo præsenand truly that presence in the tia illa in sacramento, quam tenet Sacrament, which the church ecclesia, ex his verbis Christi non holds, cannot be proved by these potest demonstrari, nisi etiam acwords of Christ, unaided by the cesserit ecclesiæ declaratio. declaration of the church.
Bellarmine on the Eucharist, Bellarminus de Sacram. Euch. book 3, c. 23.
lib. 3, c. 23. For Scotus in 4, dist. 2, qu. 3. Scotus enim in 4, dist. 2, qu. 3. Whom Cameracensis follows, says Quem sequitur Cameracensis three things. He says, secondly, tria dicit.
Secundo that there is no passage in Scrip- dicit, non extare locum ullum ture so express, as to compel Scripturæ tam expressum, ut sine the admission of transubstantia. ecclesiæ declaratione cogat trantion without the declaration of substantiationem admittere. Atthe church. And this is not
que id non est omnind improbawholly improbable; for although bile. Nam etiamsi Scriptura, the Scripture above cited seems quam nos supra adduximus, vito us sufficiently clear to con deatur nobis iam clara ut possit vince any man who is not self cogere hominem non protervuni, willed, yet whether this be so may tainen an ita sit meriid dubitari well be doubted, seeing that the potest, quum honsines doctissimi most learned and keensighted asen, atque acutissimi, qualis cum prisuch as more particularly was mis Scotus fuit, contrarium senScotus, think differently.
The extracts from the fathers, which are opposed to transubstantiation, are to be found in Part II.
Bede's Comment on 3rd Psalm.
He gave to his disciples at the supper the figure of his most holy body and blood.
Beda Comm. in. 3 Psal. Dedit in cæna discipulis figuram sacrosancti corporis et sanguinis sui.
The following opinion of the fathers of the council of Constantinople assembled under Constantine and Leo in the eighth century, and consisting of 338 prelates, which condemned images, will be read with interest by Protestants. The deacon Epiphanius read the acts of this council aloud in the second council of Nice, where they were condemned.
Second Council of Nice, - an.
Concilium Nicænum 2, anno Dom. 787, extracted from Lab Chris. 787, Hudrian 8. baus.
Labbaus and Cossarte's Councils, Conciliorum Philippi Labbæi et
Tom. 7. (Printed at Paris, Gab. Cossarti, Soc. Jesu, tom. 1671.)
7, p. 446. (Lutetiæ, 1671.)
Let those rejoice and exult
Lætentur et exultent, et fiduand walk confidently, who make cialiter agant hi, qui veram Christi the true image of Christ with a imaginem sincerissima anima fasincere heart, and desire and ciunt, et desiderant et colunt, * venerate and offer it for the pre
et in salutem animæ et corporis servation of soul and body, which offerunt; quam ipse sacratissihe who was the most holy Sacri mus immolator et Deus noster, ficer and our God, delivered to
secundum tempus prohis ministers about the time of priæ passionis in typum et remehis own passion as a type and
moralionem evidentissimam tramost evident remembrance. didit ministris suis.
Bishop Cosin says of Johannes
Johannes Erigena popularis John Erigena our country
noster (quem Alfredus rex sibi man, (whom King Alfred ap
ac suis liberis præceptorem con. pointed as preceptor to himself
stituit, et ad inchoatam Oxonii and his children, and sent to
academiam adornandam misit) adorn the newly-established aca
dum in Galliis ageret, ubi Carolo demy of Oxford, when he was in
Calvo Regi acceptissimus fuit, Gaul, where he was most wel
libro de corpore et sanguilie come to King Charles the Bald; Domini conscripto, non dissimiin a book on the body and blood lem doctrinam exposuit, eamq of the Lord, set forth a similar
clarissimis Scripturæ Sæ, ac doctrine, and proved it by the clearest Scripture, and the tes
veterum patrum testimoniis comtimony of the ancient fathers: probavit. Qui ducentis post an
nis, sub Leone 9 Papâ, damwhich book was condemned 200
natus est.---Lanf. in Ber. years afterwards by Pope Leo 9. --Lanf. in Ber. (Historia Transubst. Papalis, by John Cosin, Bishop of Durham.)
* Σεβομενου. The words, ex nobis ex toto massam assumons, are omitted as interrupting the sense.