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contain these things: and at the aut ordinis, ac conditionis fuerunt, aforesaid suggestion and know- qui de cætero ausu temerario præledge, and by the same authority, sumpserint in eorum sermonibus we appoint and decree, that ad populum, seu aliàs quomodolipreachers of God, and all others, bet affirmare, hujusmodi sic per whatever be their condition, rank, nos improbatas et damnatas asseror order, who for the future shall tiones veras esse, aut dictos libros presume with a rash boldness to pro veris legere, tenere, vel haaffirm in their sermons to the bere, postquàm de præsentibus people, or in any other way, that

that scientiam habuerint ; excommuthese assertions thus repudiated nicationis sententiam eo ipo inand condemned by us are true, or currant, a qua ab alio quàin a to read, hold or possess as true,

Romano pontifice (nisi in mortis the abovesaid books, after they articulo) nequeant absolutionis shall have had knowledge of these

beneficium obtinere. Item molu, presents, shall incur by this very scientiâ, et auctoritate similibus, thing the sentence of excommu


pænæ ac censuræ subjinication, from which they shall cientes eos, qui ausi fuerint asnot be able to obtain absolution serere, contrarium opinionem lefrom any person but the Roman nentes, videlicet gloriosam Virpontiff, except they are at the ginem Mariam cum originali pecpoint of death. Subjecting also, cato fuisse conceptuin, hæresis at the like suggestion and know- crimen, vel peccatum incurrere ledge, and by the same authority, niortale; cum nondum sit a Ro- . to the same penalty and censure,

mana ecclesia et apostolica sede those persons who shall dare to decisum : non obstantibus conassert that those persons incur stitutionibus et ordinationibus the crime of heresy or mortal apostolicis contrariis quibuscumsin, who hold the contrary opi- que. nion, namely, that the glorious Virgin Mary was conceived with original sin ; since this has not yet been decided by the Roman church and the apostolic see.

Alexander 7, An. Dom. 166). Alexander Septimus, An. Dom.

1661. Great Roman Collection of Bulls,

entitled the Magnum Bulla- Magnum Bullarium Romanum, rium Romanum. (Printed at p. 158. (Luxemburghi.) Luxemburgh, 1727.)

The renewal of the constitu- Innovatio constitutionum et tions and decrees which were decretorum in favorem sententiæ published in favour of the opinion asserentis, animam B. Mariæ which asserts, that the soul of Virginis in sui creatione et in the blessed Virgin Mary was pre- corpus infusione a peccato oriserved at its creation and infusion ginali preservatam fuisse ediinto the body from original sin. torum.

Certain persons

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Pergunt aliqui conwho declare the contrary opinion, trariæ illius opinionis assertores, proceed in contradiction to the contra præfatas prohibitiones tum aforesaid prohibitions either to privatim, tum publicè præfatam impugn or to mutilate the afore- sententiam aut impugnare aut velsaid sentence both in public and licare, et favorem a Romanis in private, and so to interpret the pontificibus cultu et festo secunfavour granted by the Roman dum illam præstitam ita interprepontiffs to that religious cere- tari, ut frustrentur. unde mony and festival, as to frustrate offensiones, scandala et jurgia, them; whence the offences, scan- quibus obviare voluerint Paulus dals, and quarrels, which Paul 5, et Gregorius 15, nostri præ5th and Gregory 15th, our pre- decessores, perdurant adhuc... decessors, desired to prevent, still continue.

But, adhering to the constitu- Vetamus autem, Sixti 4 constitions of Sixtus 4, we forbid any tutionibus inhærentes, quempiam one to assert, that on this ac- asserere, quod propter hoc count those who hold the con. trariam opmionem teneules, videtrary opinion, namely, that the licet gloriosain Virginem Mariam glorious Virgin Mary was con- cum originali peccato fuisse conceived with original sin, incur ceptam hæresis crimen, aut morthereby the crime of beresy or tale peccatum incurrant; cum a mortal sin, since this has not yet Romana ecclesiâ et ab apostolicâ been decided by the Roman church sede nondum fuerit hoc decisum, and by the apostolic see, as we prout nos nunc minine decidere now by no means desire or intend volumus, aut intendimus; quin to decide, but rather we subject potius contrariam illam opinionem those, who dare to condemn that hæresis aut peccati mortalis, aut contrary opinion as the crime of impietatis damnare audentes, heresy, mortal sin, or impiety, to præter pænas, quibus eos subjethe other weightier penalties, cit Sixtus 4, aliique prædeceswhich we have above inflicted cores nostri Romani pontifices, upon those opposing this our con- gravioribus aliis pænis subjicimus, stitution, in addition to the penal- quas in contrafacientes huic nosties to which Sixtus 4, and, the constitutioni superiùs inRoman pontiffs, our other prede- fleximus. cessors, subjected them.


S. Augustini Episcopi. Liber de Hæres. tom. 3, p. 3. 1. Simoniani

8. Cerinthiani 2. Menandriapi

9. Nazaræi S. Saturniniani

10. Ebionæi 4. Basilidiani

11. Valentiniani 5. Nicolaita

12. Secundiani 6. Gnostici

13. Ptolemæi 7. Carpocratiani

14. Marcitæ

15. Colorbasi 16. Heracleonitæ 17. Ophitæ 18. Caiani 19. Setbiani 20. Archontiaci 21. Cerdoniani 22. Marcionitæ 23. Apellitæ 24. Severiani 25. Tariani 26. Cataphryges 27. Papaziani 28. Artotyrtæ 99. Tessares Crædecatitæ 30. Alogii 31. Adimiani 32. Elcesæi 33. Theodiliani 34. Melchisedeciani 35. Bardesanistæ 36. Noetiani 37. Valesii 38. Cathari 39. Angeleci 40. Apostolici 41. Sabelliani 42. Origeniani 43. Alii Origeniani 44. Pauliani 45. Photiniani 46. Manichæi 47. Hieracita 48. Meletiani 49. Ariani 50. Vadiani 51. Semiariani 52. Macedoniani 53. Æriani 54. Ætiani 55. Apollinarista 56. Antidicornaritæ

57. Massiliani 58. Metangismonites 59. Seleuciani 60. Proclianitæ 61. Patriciani 62. Ascita 63. Passalorynchitæ 64. Aquarii 65. Colutbiani 66. Floriniani 67. De mundi statu dissentientes 68. Nudis pedibus ambulantes 69. Donatista 70. Priscillianista 71. Cum hominibus non mandu

cantes 72. Rhetoriani 73. Christi divinitatem passibi

lem dicentes 74. Triformem Deum putantes 75. Aquam Deo coæternam di

centes 76. Imaginem Dei non esse ani

mam dicentes 77. Innumerabiles mundos opi

nantes 78. Animas converti in dæmoues

. et in quæcumque animalia

St. Augustine's Book upon Heresies. Bened. Edit. 1. Simonians

existentes 79. Liberationem omnium apud

inferos factam Christi de

scensione credentes 80. Christi de Patre nativitati 81. Luceriferiani 82. Jovinianista 83. Arabici 84. Helvidiani 85. Paterniani, 86. Tertullianistæ. 87. Abeloitæ 88. Pelagiani.

5. Nicolaites 2. Menandrians

6. Gnostics 3. Saturninians

7. Carpocratians 4. Basilidians

8. Cerinthians

9. Nazarenes 10. Ebionites 11. Valentinians 12. Secundians 13. Ptolomæites 14. Marcites 15. Colorbasians 16. Heracleonites 17. Ophites 18. Caianians

19. Sethians
20. Archontiacs
21. Cerdonians
22. Marcioniles
23. Apellites
24. Severians
25. Tatians
28. Cataphygians
27. Papazians, &c. &c.

In all, 88.

Persecutions of the Albigenses.

Bzovius' Ecclesiastical Annals in

continuation of Cardinal Baronius' Annals, tom. 13, p. 156.

Bzovii Annales Ecclesiastici, tom.

13, p. 156, An. Chr. 1209.

Innocent 3, An. Dom. 1209.

Inn. 3, 12. Pope Innocent could no longer Ferre non poterat Innocentius brook the obstinacy of the erring

Pontifex errorum Albigensium Albigenses, forasmuch as they pervicaciam, quod neque miracuwere neither moved by the mi- lis a Divo Dominico patratis, racles wrought by the Godlike neque doctrinæ veritate, neque Dominick, nor by the truth of his vitæ sanctitate aut orationis effidoctrine, nor by the sanctity of cacia moverentur, ut armis pervihis life, nor by the force of his caciam suam luerentur. Quamreasoning, and they defended their obrem bellum sacrum in eos incontumacy with arms. Where- dixit, et indictum ut acriter de. fore he proclaimed a sacred war pugnarent, crucesignatos multis against them, and he animated præmiis animavit. Vivebat eo the crusaders with many rewards tempore Simon Comes Montisin order that they might carry fortis, vir fide præclarus, armis it on strenuously.

Simon C. strenuus, prudentia magnus, inMountford lived in those days, a genio perspicax, largus, magnifiman distinguished by his faith, cus, affabilis, fidei Catholicæ debold in war, of great prudence, fensor, et bæreticorum acerrimus intelligent, munificent, splendid, impugnator. Is ex consilio leand affable, a defender of the gatorum et procerum, exercitui Catholic faith, and a most eager

præfectus est.

* In castro adversary of the beretics. By Minervæ expugnando ingens labor the advice of the legates and the insumptus ; nam ibi inventi sunt princes he was appointed to com- 180 qui igni cremari vivi, quam mand the army.

Much piè sentire maluerunt. trouble was expended in taking the camp of Minerva, for there were found therein 180 persons, who preferred being burnt alive to adopting a pious creed.




This year, at the command and

Hoc anno jussu et exexhortation of Pope Innocent, a hortatione Innocentii Pontificis, vast number of crusaders came ingens numerus crucesignatoruny, to Lyons on the feast of St. Jobo venit Lugdunum, die festo S. the Baptist. Chief among these

Chief among these Joannis Baptistæ. Principes inter were Peter, archbishop of Sienna, hos eminebant Petrus archepis&c. and besides these copus Senonensis, &c.

et a great multitude of the nobility præter hoc magna multitudo noand potentates of France and bilium et potentum Franciæ et Spain collected together for the Hispaniæ, ad destructionem Aldestruction of the Albigensian bigensium hæreticorum confluxit, heretics, so that 500,000 were ita ut ad quinquies centum millia reckoned in the Catholic

army. hominum in exercitu Catholico

rum numerarentur. . In France the Albigen

In Gallia bellum Albisian war was prosperously car- gense, duce Simone Comite a ried on under the directions of Monteforti non infeliciter propaCoupt Montfort. For whereas gatum est. Cùm enim anno suin the preceding year the Albians periore Albii portas ei aperuishad opened their gates to him, sent, nec quidquam tunc hostile and had suffered no injury, when passi, postea ad impietatem dethey afterwards returned to their fecissent, non impunè id tulêre, impiety, they did not escape with capite auctores

lucre. impunity, and the authors of the Vaurum et ipsum vi captum : ibi mischief were capitally punished. quoque impii igni traditi, cùm in Vaurum itself was taken by amentiâ perstarent. storm; there also the impious were delivered to the fire, when they persisted in their madness.


In the year 1211. Innocent 3, An. 1211. Inn. 3, 14.

An. 14. Lavavre being taken, Aymeric, Capto. Lavavro, Aymericus the Lord of Mountroyal, who Dominus Montisregalis, qui casheld the camp with a garrison, trum præsidio tenebat, resti sus. was hanged: eighty others, who pensus est: octuaginta alii, quia fell from the gibbet, were slain furca ceciderant, a cruce signatis by the crusaders, who were im- moræ impatientibus, jussu Šimopatient of the delay, by the orders nis interfecti sunt, innumerique of Simon, and innumerable here- bæretici exusti. tics were burnt,

Iu the same year the Eodeni anno crucesignati aliam crusaders obtained possession of civitatem magnam, a re pulchram another great city by the divine vallem vocatam, juxta Tolosam aid, situated near Toulouse, called sitam, virtute divina obtinuerunt. from the event the beautiful val- qua populo examinato, cum ley; in which, when after an omnes promitterent, se velle re

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