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A religious service is paid to the saints Delahogue 386 The Creed of first General Council of Nice

386 The Creed of Pope Pius IV.


390 Cyprian on post-baptismal sins

392 The Roman Catholic system of justification

· Bossuet 394 The proof of the Protestant doctrine

395 Decrees of the Council of Trent on justification

399 The Romish doctrine of indulgences, from “The Christian

doctrine," and from C. Butler's Book of the Roman
Catholic Church

401 Appendix de Indulgentiis.

Delahogue 401 At the Council of Trent the Romish divines differed in their views of justification.

Pallavicini 403 Prayer to the Virgin to appease the wrath of Christ 405 TRANSUBSTANTIATION .

405 Scriptural passages where the same figure is used, as "This is my body"

406 Resumption of the argument

407 The decrees of the Council of Trent on transubstantiation 412 The Council of Trent admits a difference of patristic

interpretation of the 6th chapter of St. John's Gospel 413 Some Romish doctors gave the Protestant interpretation of this chapter

Bellarmine 413 +The intention of the Romish ministers is necessary for a valid sacrament

Council of Trent 414 The body of Christ may naturally be present in heaven, and sacramentally on earth

415 The Catechism of the Council of Trent


that the bones and nerves of Christ's body are present in the eucharist

415 Certain Romish doctors held that the words of the Scripture do not alone prove transubstantiation

415 The Fathers of the Iconoclast Council of Canstantinople call the eucharist an image of Christ

416 Johannes Erigena wrote against transubstantiation 416 Extract from a Saxon homily

417 Bertram ; Berengarius ; Council of Lat. IV.

417 Priests are as gods

418 The defects in the Mass

Roman Missal 418 Middleton on Greek article

419 The consecrated host to be worshipped with latria

Conc. Trid. 419






It is a propitiatory sacrifice

Conc. Trid. 419 Catechism of Council of Trent

420 Argument against the Mass

421 The XXX Ist Article of the Church of England

425 On the liturgies falsely attributed to the Apostles

Dupin 425 THE PAPAL SUPREMACY. The argument against it.

428 The uncertainty respecting the immediate St. Peter

Bellarmine 435 Subjection to the Roman Pontiff essential to salvation

Boniface ; Leo X. 5th Conc. Lat. 436 Extract from Sixtus Vth's bull of deposition of the King of Navarre

436 Extract from Pius Vth's bull of deposition of Queen Elizabeth

436 Emperors and kings are to hold the Pope's bridle,&c.

Book of Sacred Ceremonies 437 Extraordinary penance and absolution of the Emperor of Germany

Greg. VII. 438 The Emperor of Germany kisses the Pope's feet

Baronius 439 The Kings of France and England hold the Pope's bridle, &c.

Baronius 439 The King of Germany does the same

Baronius 439 Pope Celestine kicks off the Emperor of Germany'scrown

Baronius 439 The necks of kings and princes are put under the knees of priests

Decretum Gratiani 440 The same difference exists between the Popes and kings

as between the sun and the moon. Decret. Greg. IX. 441 The Pope is God's vicegerent upon earth

Decret. Greg. IX. 442 The Pope's titles are the same as those of Christ

Bellarmine 442 Divine titles given to Popes Julian and Leo X by certain of the preachers to the fifth Lateran Council

Labbæus et Coss. 443 Pope Alexander VI. hailed as a god Roscoe's Lev X. 444 The Pope said to have been called God by Constantine

Decretum Gratiani 444 Priest Eustace's remarks on the Pope's adoration after his election.

444 The adoration of Pope Pius II.

: Fleury 445


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The Papal Supremacy-continued.
The Right Rev. Dr. Doyle's (a Roman Catholic bishop)

account of Pope Gregory VIIth's immeasurable
ambition, and of the gross perversion of Scripture by
the Popes of the Middle Ages

446 The false decretals

Fleury 449

Dupin 452 The forged donation of Constantine .

451 PURGATORY, the doctrine and its refutation

454 Decree of the Council of Trent

457 Catechism of the Council of Trent

457 Bellarmine on the pains and locality of purgatory 458 Bellarmine on the duration of purgatory

459 Bellarmine affirms that many of the Fathers held that all, except Christ, passed through purgatory

459 Different interpretations given by the Fathers of the

passage, Agree with thine adversary quickly," &c. 459 Different interpretations given by the Fathers of the

passage, “What shall they do, who are baptized for
the dead ?” &c.

460 Indulgences for thousands of years, from the “ Horæ Beatissimæ Virginis”.


462 Romish differences

474 All things necessary were written

Bellarmine 479 All the traditions are now written

Bellarmine 479 The Scriptures prove the abolition of the Jewish Sabbath, and infant baptism

Bellarmine 480 Extract from Pius IVth's Creed on reading the Scriptures

480 The Right Rev. Dr. Doyle's evidence

480 The Council of Toulouse prohibits the use of the Scriptures in the vulgar tongue

481 The bull Unigenitus declares that the use of the Scriptures is not for all

482 The Rule of the Fathers appointed by the Council of

Trent against the indiscriminate reading of the

483 A General Council above the Pope

483 The Pope above a General Council

484 Difference of opinion respecting the personal infallibility of the Pope

485 The fallibility of General Councils

Bellarmine 486 Pope Adrián admitted the fallibility of a Pope

487 Pope Pius II. held, as Æneas Sylvius, that a General

Council is above a Pope, and when he was Pope





The Rule of Faith-continued.
Peter Lombard, and other Romish doctors, declare that
priestly absolution is ministerial

488 The decrees of the Council of Trent on absolution

489 Many Romish theologians taught that servile fear is

sufficient for reconciliation with God, without any
love of God.

490 Dr. Delahogue shews that the form of absolution has

changed, and some other differences respecting the
nature of the love requisite in the sacrament of
penance, the materia proxima, &c.

492-3-4 The encyclical letter of Gregory XVIth

495 Extract from Mariotti

497 The Creed the only foundation of the Church

498 No Pauline Epistle from Laodicea

Dupin 498 No decision respecting the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary

499 Augustine enumerates eighty-eight heresies

502 The bull Unigenitus

503 The list of General Councils

Delahogue 513


In reading the works of the Fathers it is essential to recollect,

1. That the greater part of the works of the Fathers of the first three centuries after the birth of Christ are lost.

2. That we have the works only of the dominant party of the Fathers of the Nicene age, unless Eusebius be considered as an exception.

3. That almost all of the most celebrated of the Nicene Fathers, Jerome, Chrysostom, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, Gregory Nyssen, Athanasius, who wrote the life of St. Anthony, and even Augustine, were more or less ascetics, and partook of the fanaticism of their age.

4. That they were all confessedly fallible men, and that their interpretations of the Scriptures are not unanimous.

5. That they not only contradict each other, but themselves.

6. That in reading the writings of fallible men it is necessary to know at what period of their lives, under what circumstances, and with what views, their several works were composed ; and also to ascertain their characters, judgment, scriptural knowledge, and Christian experience.

7. That very many works have been ascribed to the Fathers and for ages generally received and quoted as theirs, which the learned have since ascertained that they never wrote; and that great doubts exist in the minds of learned Roman Catholics respecting the genuineness of many of the works which are now generally assigned to them.

8. That as all the Greek Fathers, and many of the Latin Fathers, used very figurative language, many passages can be quoted from them which seem to favour transubstantiation and the mass.

9. That there is not a Romish error, with the exception, perhaps, of the worship of the Virgin Mary, and of the use and veneration of images, which cannot be supported by extracts from the genuine works of one or more of the Ni.



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