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NEW DICTIONARY

OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE;

BY

CHARLES RICHARDSON.

ALDI

DISCIP.

ANGLVS

VOL. II.

LONDON:

WILLIAM PICKERING, CHANCERY LANE

WILLIAM JACKSON, 102 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.

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the lips.

LA'BILE. } Lapse.

L.

LA'BIAL, adj. 1. Lat. Labium ; Fr. Lèvre ; I sente you to repe that whereon ye hestowed no lavour
LA'Bial, n. It. Labbro, labio; the lip.

other mē laboured, & ye are entred into their labours.

Bible, 1551. John, c. 4. That may be, that are, (formed by, spoken by) L

Dead be thei, that liue not to God, and in the space of is called by B. Jonson a letter half-vowelish,

this temporall death laboriously purchase themself eternall À which though the Italians (especially the Floren

The IIebrews have been diligent in it, and have assigned, death.--Sir T. Morc. Workes, p. 16.

which letters are labiall, which dentall, which gutturall. tines) abhor, we keep entire with the Latins, and

Bacon. Naturall Historie, § 198. With wery trauel, and with laborous paines so pronounce. It is not used (says Wilkins) by

Alwaies in trouble and in tediousness. the Brasilcans, nor the men of Japan: others style lips.Wilkins. Real Character, pt. iii. c. 14. The labials are represented by two curve figures for the

Wyatl. Complaint tpon Loue, &c. at the sweetest of all letters. It melteth (B. Jon

He (Julius Cæsar] labourously and studiously discussed son adds) in the sounding, and is therefore called

P and B are labial : Ph and Bh, or F and V, are labio. coutroversies.-Sir T. Elyot. The Governour, b. iii. c. 10.

dental.-Holder. Elements of Speech, a liquid, the tongue striking the root of the palate

There is greater store growing in the tops of the moungently; Wilkins,—the top of the tongue striking

Lat. Labi, to fall or fail. See tains then below in the valleis : but it is wonderfull labouragainst the foremost part of the palate. It unites LABILITY.

some and also dangerous traueiling vp vnto them and downe very easily with C and G in pronunciation, as in

againe, by reason of the height and steepenesse of the hilles. Clinch, Gloom, (9qv.) It is doubled, where the But sensibility and intelligence, being by their nature and

Ilackluyt. L'oyages, vol. lii. p. 324. essence free must be labile, and by their lability may actually vowel sounds hard upon it; with no necessity : lapse, degenerat, and by habit acquire a second nature. Adam, well may we labour still to dress gainless a syllable follow which may require the con

Cheyne. On Regimen, Dis. 5. This garden, still to tend plant, herb and flower,

Our pleasant task enjoyn'd; but till more hands tinuance of its sound; as in kil-ling, fil-ling, wil-ling.

LA'BOUR, v. Fr. Labourer; It. Lavo

Aid us, the work under our labor grows,

Luxurious by restraint.--Milton. Paradise Lost, b. is. LAB. “I am no lab ;i.e. no be-lab, or blab ; LA'BOUR, n. tare; Sp. Laborear ; Lat. Dut. Labberen. (See Blab.) Consequentially,

LA'BOURER. Laborare; (of uncertain ety. When down he came like an old o'ergrown oak, To pour forth from the lips whatever occurs to LABO'Rious. mology.) Scheidius thinks His huge root hewn up by the labourer's stroke. us; to tell all that we think or know; to prate or LABO'RIOUSLY.

Drayton, David & Goliah.

from Λαβ-ειν, whence ελαtalk, thoughtlessly, carelessly, without reserve or LABO'RIOUSNESS. Bov, used as the 2d Aor. of

Who but felt of late, discrimination.

LABO'RANT.

When the fierce foe hung on our brok'n rear
Muubav-ev, to take, to seize.

Insulting, and pursu'd us through the deep,
LABORATORY.
I am no labbe,

Dixerunt (he adds) Aaubav- With what compulsion and laborious flight
Ne though I say it, I n' am not lefe to gabbe.
LA'BOURLESS. ELV &pyov, arripere opus : We sank thus low.

Millon. Paradise Lost, b. ii.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 8505. LA BOUROU'S. unde notio operis, s. laboris.
I have a wif, though that she poure be ;

LA'BOUROUS: Y. To work hard; to work

Besides, the king set in a course so right,

Which I for him laboriously had tract.
But of hire tongue a labbing shrewe is slie.
LA'BOURSOME. with difficulty or diligence;

Drayton. Legend of Thomas Cromwell.
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10,301.
to bear up against or support, or sustain with

And forget LABEL, n. Fr. “ Lambeau, a shread, rag, diligence, with difficulty, with pain ; to exert, to

Your laboursome and dainty trimmes, wherein Label, v. S or small piece of stuff. Labels persist, pursue, or, prosecute with care or dili- You made great Juno angry. hanging downe on garlands or crownes, a labando gence, pain or difficulty ; to do any thing with

Shakespeare. Cymbeline, Act iii. sc. ? of falling downe,” (Minshew.) Skinner prefers exertion or effort.

I sing the conqueror of the universe. the Ger. Lapp. See LAP.

To Frankis & Normanz, for thar grete laboure.

What can an author after this produce ?
Any thing falling or depending, suspended or

R, Brunne, p. 72.
The labouring mountain must bring forth a mouse.

Dryden. The Art of Poetry. appended ; a name, title or description, appended,

Cometh now quath Conscience, ge cristyne, and dyneth or, (as now used,) otherwise affixed.

That han labered leely, at this Lente tyme.

Then we caused the laborant with an iron rod dexterously Then haste thou a labell, that is shapen like a rule, saue

Piers Plouhman, p. 336.
to stir the kindled part of the nitre.

Boyle. Il'orks, vol. i. p. 604, that it is strait and hath no plates on either ende.

And right anon he changed his aray,
Chaucer. The Astrolabie.
And clad hiin as a poure labourer.

For thankless Greece such hardships have I brav'd, It (my beautie) shalbe inuentoried and euery particle and

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1411.

Her wives, her infants, by my labours say'd ;

Jong, sleepless nights in heavy arms I stood, vtensile labeli'd to my will.

My lord is hard to me and dangerous,

And sweat laborious days in dust and blood.
Shakespeare. Twelfth Night, Act i. sc. 5.
And min office is ful laborious.

Pope. Homer. Iliad, 5. is. The said Sir William said on his oth in the tenth yeare of

Id. The Freres Tale, v. 7009. Henrie the fourth, that before the times of Edward the third,

Laboriousness shuts the doors and stops all the avenues of the labell of three points was the different appropriat and

It maketh me drawe oute of the waie

the mind, whereby a temptation would enter, and (which is appurtenant for the cognizance of the next heire.

In soleyn place by my selfe,

yet more) leaves no void room for it to dwell there, if by any Holinshed. Rich. II. an. 1390. As doth a laborer to delfe. Gower. Con. A. b. iy. accident it should chance to creep in.-South, vol. vi. Ser.10. Until the subtlest of their conjurors

If thou wilt here

Whence labour or pain is commonly reckoned an ingreSeal'd up the labels to his soul-his ears.

Of hem, that whilom vertuous

dient of industry; and laboriousness is a name signifying it. Bullet. On the Licendious Age of Charles II. Were, and therto laborious.

Id, I5,

Barrow, vol. iil, Ser. 19,

6759-13

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or pine tree. The workhouses where the lacker is laid on, miteness, and LAC LAC

LÀ C They intend not your precise abstinence from any light And on her legs she painted buskins wore,

No lamps, included liquors, lachrymatories, or tear-botties, and labourless work.

Basted with bends of gold on every side,

attended these rural urnes, either as sacred unto the Manes Brerewood. On the Sabbath, (1630.) p. 48. And mailes betweene, and laced close afore.

or passionate expressions of their surviving friends: The annual labour of every nation is the fund which

Spenser. Faerie Qucene, b. v. c. 5.

Browne. Úrne-Burial, c. 3.

1 originally supplies it with all the necessaries and conveni For striving more, the more in laces strong

It is of an exquisite sense, that, upon any touch the tears encies of life, which it annually consumes, and which con

Himselfe he tide, and wrapt his winges twaine, might be squeezed from the lachrymal glands, to wash and sists always either in the immediate produce of that labour, In lymie snares the subtil loupes among

clean it.--Cheyne. Philosophical Principles.

sal Ladere, La or in what is purchased with that produce from other na.

Id. Muiopotmos. tions.---Smith. Wealth of Nations, vol. i. Introd.

What a variety of shapes in the ancient urns, lamps, las

note En Ly; and se Cooke. And whom for mutton and kid ?

chrymary vessels.-Addison. Italy. Rome.

Child. A fine lac'd mutton.
The number of useful and productive labourers, is every
where in proportion to the quantity of capital stock which is
B. Jonson. Neptune's Triumph. A Masque. The learned Mr. Wise, late Radclivian librarian, had a

ale e attendant, a employed in setting them to work, and to the particular way He scratch'a the maid, he stole the cream,

glass lachrymatory, or rather a sepulchral aromatic phial, in which it is so employed.-Id. Ib.

He tore her best lac'd pinner.
dug up between Noke and Wood-Eaton.

jaid Prior. The Widow and her Cat.

Warton. History of Kiddington, p. 57. Why does the juice, which flows into the stomach, contain powers which make that bowel the great laboratory, as it is Mr. Nisby [is] of opinion that lac'd coffee is bad for the LACK, v.

Dut. Laecken, minuere, dimi. by its situation the recipient, of the materials of future nu- head. Spectator, No. 317.

LACK, n. nuere, attenuare, extenuare, detrition ?-Paley. Natural Theology, c. 7.

opiniga borde at He is forced every morning to drink his dish of coffee by LACKER. terere; deficere, deesse ;

Suid ad pages. '74 Those who have dragged their understanding laboriously itself, without the addition of the Spectator, that used to be

To lessen or diminish, to weaken, to fail or be Onges, along the tiresome circuit of ancient demonstration, may be better than lace to it.--Id. No.488.

deficient, to be faulty; to want or be wanting. unwilling to grant that they have taken all these pains to no

Swift from her head she loos'd, with eager haste, purpose. Beddoes, On the Elements of Geometry, Ded. 11.

To diminish, consequentially, to degrade, to find
The yellow curls in artful fillets lac'd.
Hoole. Jerusalem Delivered, b. xv.

fault with, to blame. LABU'RNUM. See the quotation from

Shakespeare uses the compounds lack-beard, 2:2), ssrt Plinie.

By mercers, lacemen, mantua-makers press'd,

-bruin, -linen, -lustre. But most for ready cash for play distress'd,

11 playtiel. res The cypresse, walnut, chesnut-trees, and the laburnum, Where can she tuin?--Jenyns. The Modern Fine Lady.

Where is & shall be eternall cannot in any wise abide waters. This last named, is a tree

Joy, incomparable myrth without heaviness, proper unto the Alpes, not commonly knowne: the wood LACERATE, v. Fr. Lacérer; It. Lace

Loue with charity and grace celestiall thereof is hard and white: it beareth a blossome of a cubite

LACERATION.

rare; Sp. Lacerar; Lat. Lasting interminable, lacking no goodness. long, but bees will not settle upon it.

R. Gloucester, p. 548. App. inbanhtc!.
La'ceratiVE.
Holland. Plinie, b. xvi. c. 18.
LACERABLE.

SL
ELV, which not only denotes

Fair scho was thei seiden, & gocle withouten lak. And pale laburnum's pendent flowers display

R. Brunne, p. 95. but also cum crepitu rumpi,

the sonare, crepare, Their different beauties.-Dodsley. Agriculture, c. 2.

292-ICaul. l: ut fit in iis, quæ lacerantur.

Ac ich wolle lacke no lyf. quath that lady sotthly.
Laburnum, rich
To rend or tear asunder; to sever--with the

Piers Plouhman, p. 18.

ac In streaming gold.

be

Davies, TV it's Pilgrimagede Larrties

Dodsley. The Kings of Europe. See the junglers
Then cometh lachesse, that is, he that whan he beginneth desks, or any sort of frames to be lackered, are made of fir, haritadame

Cowper. Task, b. yi.
parts torn, (and not cut evenly.)

Hem lackcd no vitaille that might hem plese.
LABYRINTH.

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale, v. 11,498.
Fr. Labyrinthe ; It. and And if the heat breaks through the water with such fury,

un LABYRINTHIAN,

I trowe that if enuie I wis

"Leo, to live, a rinthus ; Gr. AaBupivaos; Locus viarum amba- water, too heavy, for the air to carry or buoy up, it causeth

Knew the best man that is what we call boyling,

On this side or beyond the see,

Careers

, to seat ser gibus ad capiendum aptus, from Aaß-elv, to take.

Derham. Physico-Theology, b. ii. c.5. Note 2.
Yet somewhat lacken hem would she.--Id. Rom. of the R.

ச' : lol. A place formed to take or hold, confine, or keep They (nitrous and sulphurous exhalations] force out their

If I do that lakke, within ; difficult to pass through or escape from ; way, not onely with the breaking of the cloud, but the

Do stripen me and put me in a sakke, formed with many windings or turnings, or in- laceration of the air about it.

And in the nexte riuer do me drenche. tricate, involved, or perplexed ways or paths : as

Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. ii. c. 5.

Id. The Marchantes Tale, v. 10,073. applied generally,-intricacy, perplexity.

If there be no fear of laceration, pull it out the same way it went in.-Wiseman. Surgery, b.v. c. 1.

Tor lacke of answere, none of us shul dien. Since wee have finished our obeliskes and pyramides, let

Id. Ib. v. 10,145. us enter also into the labyrynthes; which we may truly say,

Some depend upon the intemperament of the part ulce. are the most nionstrous works that ever were divised by the rated, others upon the continual afflux of lacerative humours.

What helpeth a man haue mete, hand of man.--Holland. Plinie, b. xiii. c. 13.

Harvey. On Consumption.

Where drinke lackethe on the borde.-Gower, Con. A. b.is And like a wanton girl, oft doubting in her gate,

Since the lungs are obliged to a perpetual commerce with Lo thus to broke is Christe's folde, In labrinth-like turns, and twinings intricate.

the air, they must necessarily lie open to great damages, Wherof the locke, without guide
Drayton. Poly Olbion, s. 22. because of their thin and lacerable composure.-Id. Ib. Deuour'd is on euery side,

In lacke of them, that be ynware
Mark, how the labyrinthian turns they take,
Hither the feble pair, by mutual aid,

Shepherdes.

Ia. Ib. Prol.
The circles intricate, and mystic maze.

The warrior's laceraled corpse convey'd.
Young. Complaint, Night 9.

Lewis. Statius. Thebais, b. xii. Thereat the feend his gnashing teeth did grate,

And griev'd, so long to lacke his greedie pray. LACE, v. ? Also, in old authors, written LACHE. ? Minshew derives from the Fr.

Spenser. Faerie Queené, b. ii. c. 7. LACE, n.

Las. Fr. Lacer, lacet, from the La'chesse. | Lascher, or Lasche, slacke, loose, The lack of one may cause the wrack of all; Lat. Laqueus, (Skinner.) The Lat. Laqueus, and slow, remisse. (See Lash.) Skinner,-from Although the lackers were terrestrial gods, It. Laccio, as well as the Eng. Latch, and lace, Lat. Laxus. Lache, in Chaucer, says Junius, is

Yet will they ruling reel, or reeling fall. are the past tense and past part. of the A. S. explained_sluggish, dull, heavie, lazie; and he

Læcc-an, lúc-gan, lacc-ean, prehendere, appre- suspects that lache was the original way of writing Frugal, where lack, supplies with what redounds,
hendere, to catch, to hold, (Tooke.).
lazie.

And here bestows what noxious there abounds.
(See Lazy.) The Dut. Laechen, Eng.

Brooke. Universal Beauty, b. i. A lace,—any thing which catcheth or holdeth, Lacke, is deficere, deesse ; the noun Laecke, detieth, bindeth, or fasteneth ; applied to cords, or fectus; and lache may be the same word, ke

But tho' each Court a jester lacks, strings, or threads, plain or interwoven of various sostened into che; meaning

To laugh at monarchs to their face,

(Yet) all mankind behind their backs materials; also to the substance formed by such A defect or failure, a want, (sc.) of strength, of Supply the honest jester's place. interweaving.

activity, care, diligence: and thus, consequenLaced, as laced coffee, i. e. coffee inter-laced, tially, slackness or sluggishness; remissness, neg

LA'CKER, v. intermingled, or intermixed with some other ingre- ligence.

To lay on, to cover with

LA'CKER; or dient.

lacquer, or lacque, i. e. with a
The lord of hus lacchese. and hus luther sleuthe,

LACK, N.
By nom hym al that he hadde.—Piers Plouhman, p. 141.; See Lake, and the quotation from Dampier.

preparation of luc. It. Lacca,
Nailing the speres, and helmes bokeling,
Guiding of sheldes, with lainers lacing.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2506.

And if he be slowe, and astonyed, and lache, men shall
holde him lyke to an asse.-Chaucer. Boecius, b.iy.

The lack of Tonquin is a sort of gummy juice, which

drains out of the bodies or limbs of trees. The cabinets, Hire sloon were laced op hire legges hie. Id. The Milleres Tale, v. 3268.

any good werk, anon he wol forlete and stint it. And therefore sith I know of love's peine,

Id. The Persones Tale.

are accounted very unwholesome.
And wot how sore it can a man destreine,
The first point of slouth I call

Dampier. Voyages, an. 1638.
As he that oft has ben caught in his las,
Lachesse, and is the chief of all,

What shook the stage, and made the people stare ?
If you (oryeve all holly this trespas.

And bath this properly of kinde,
Id. The Knighles Tale, v. 1888. To leuen all thyng behinde.-Gower. Con. A. b. iv.

Cato's long wig, flowr'd gown, and lacquer'd chair.

Pope. Imitation of Horace, Ep. 1. And shode he was with maistrie,

The law also determines that in the king can be no negli-
With shoone decoped, and with lace.-Id. Rom. of the R. gence, or laches, and therefore no delay will bar his right.

Alum and lacque, and clouded tortoiseshell.
Blackstone, Commentaries, b. i. c. 7.

Dyer. The Fleece, b.iv.
But certes, loue, I say not in soch wise,
That for to scape out of your lace I ment.

In vases, flow'r pots, lamps, and sconces,
LACHRYMAL.
Id. The Complaint of Venus.

Fr. Lachrymal; It, La Intaglios, cameos, gems and bronzes,
LA'CHRYMARY, grimal ; Sp. Lacrymoso ;

These eyes have read through many a crust
And plant my plaint within her brest,
LACHRYMATORY. Lat. Lacrima; Gr. Aaxpu-

of lacker, varnish, grease and dust. Who doutlesse may restore againe

Cawthorn, The Antiquarians
ua, 8 changed into I, a tear,
My harmes to helth, my ruth to rest,
That lased is within her chaine.
That can or may shed

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