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verge of a revolution; and while ali easier to arouse men's passions than to Americans have a very friendly feeling restrain them. The cessation of civic for the Russian people, and do not for- functions by mayors and magistrates, get the friendship of Russia in dark and the refusal to pay taxes by the vinecritical days, it would be impossible to growers and wine merchants, the implied leave to a Power so constituted and threat to the Government to disregard it in such a condition the leadership of a entirely if legislative measures were not world-wide movement. It may be that at once passed for relief, the parades the time has not yet come for action and street agitation—all combined not looking toward disarmament; but it is only to excite an always excitable people, the right and duty of the United States, but also to call out all the hatred which not to follow, but to lead in such a existed against the Government for other movement. The limitation of armaments than industrial reasons. The Clerical was one of the subjects which stood first party, the Monarchists, and the Socialon the list proposed by the Interparlia- ists have many adherents in the cities of mentary Union. It may be thought ad- the South, and the mobs which have visable to defer action on this matter; filled the streets of Montpellier, Narbonne, but if so, it ought to be, not because and Béziers were, we judge, largely made Russia takes the lead, but because the up of these elements. Troops were poured United States is convinced that the into the disaffected districts, and the movement would be forwarded rather curious fact developed that the disaffectthan retarded if it is not pressed too ed people were bitter in their feeling to vigorously at the moment. The New the cavalry, who repressed demonstraWorld is very largely represented in the tions roughly, while they were well disConference; it has a much freer hand posed to the infantry and tried to gain in dealing with international questions their sympathy and forbearance. The than the Old World. It is the part of leader, M. Albert, came to Paris, saw the New World to lead and not to follow · M. Clemenceau, and returned to subin such matters.
mit to the law; his chief lieutenant, M. Ferroul, was arrested, escorted
by one hundred and fifty soldiers to What at first an the station, and taken to Montpellier. The Crisis in
industrial demonstration Orators of the people addressed the France
of a unique type, not troops in this fashion : “We love you without its amusing features, last week as you love your friends. We do not became in its proportions very like a wish you harm, but we hunger, and you revolution and brought about a national will not fire on us." Then an emotional political crisis. Only the strong per- exhibition of fraternity took place besonality and convincing eloquence of tween.mob and troops, in which the the Premier, M. Clemenceau, saved the latter shared the former's bread and Cabinet from a positive defeat in the wine. This was in Narbonne, but in the Chamber of Deputies. M. Clemenceau's same city on Thursday attempts to dishandling of the subject before the perse the mob led to firing by the troops, Chamber was masterly, and it resulted and it was reported that seven deaths on Friday of last week in a vote of con- resulted, including, as usual in such fidence passed by the great majority of cases, innocent people, women and chil104, under which the Administration was dren. On the same day rioting took left free to take all necessary measures place at Argelliers, and even in the large to repress violence and re-establish law town of Montpellier. So far as can be and order in the disturbed departments ascertained (and the reports given out of the Midi. There seems to be no have been very meager), no deaths were doubt that Marcelin Albert, his chief caused by these latter outbreaks, aid, M. Ferroul, and their associates in although a number of people were the strange peaceful revolt planned by wounded. It was at first reported that them for the vine-growers, were perfectly public buildings had been burned, but sincere and single in purpose. But it is this report seems unfounded. Finally,
on Saturday came the report that at her vast Oriental interests and what she Montpellier, the previous night, barri- has at stake. King Edward VII. has a cades had been erected and defended genius for diplomacy of the constructive by the mob against a charge by the sort. Not only has England come to a dragoons, and this news
thorough understanding with Japan, but panied by the still more serious report with France, with Italy, and with Spain. that near Béziers two companies of infan- The latest achievement of the King is try had mutinied and had persuaded four substantially an agreement between Eng. other companies to join them, but that land, France, and Spain, expressed in an the mutinous soldiers had soon yielded agreement between the English and the to the influence of their commanding Spanish. It is reported that by the terms officers, and had been shut up in bar- of the treaty with Spain, which is one of racks to await the action of the military the fruits of the King's diplomacy and a authorities. It is perfectly evident that very auspicious accompaniment of the the acts just described constitute, when recent marriage between the royal houses taken together, something very like an ex- of England and Spain, Great Britain tended revolt in a large and important sec- has secured for the first time a formal tion of the Republic. In such a case, no recognition by Spain of her right to the matter what sympathy may be felt with peninsula on which Gibraltar stands; the financial losses and real necessities while England, with the backing of her of the people in that section, it is clearly immense navy, substantially guarantees the first duty of the Government to assert the Spanish possessions in the Canary its authority, restore order, and insist on Islands and the Mediterranean. The the resumption of the usual functions of agreement between France and Japan administration by those who have will recites that the two Governments are fully relinquished them, or to appoint moved by a desire to strengthen the other officials to take their place. The friendly relations now existing between action of the Chamber of Deputies will them, and to avoid every future cause make this possible, and after it has been of misunderstanding ; that they agree, done it can hardly be doubted that the therefore, to respect the independence demands of the disaffected section for and integrity of China, as well as the protection against the adulteration of principle of equity, in the treatment of wine, the concoction of imitation wines, that country, for the commerce and subthe admission of the inferior product of jects of all nations; that, having special other countries to come into competition interest in seeing order and peace guarwith the vine-growers' product, and the anteed in the regions of the Chinese excessive cost of sugar, an essential in Empire in the vicinity of the territories their business and now under a high over which they have sovereign rights protective tariff-- that these and other of protection or occupation, they have demands will be carefully considered mutually engaged to support each other and made the subject of thoughtful and in assuring the peace and security of these wise legislation.
regions and in maintaining the situation and the territorial rights of the two con
tracting parties on the Asiatic continent. A realignment of the
of the It is believed that a similar agreement New Alliances
Great Powers was ren- will shortly be made between Japan and Abroad
dered imperative by the Russia. The feeling evidently exists in results of the Russo-Japanese War, which Germany that the result of these various put Russia into the background and agreements is the isolation of that counpushed Japan into the foreground, not try, but there is very little doubt that the only as a Power of the first rank, but conclusion of these various treaties also as a force in the East to be reckoned means the removal of a number of pos
every turn, England was quick sible causes of irritation, a thoroughly to understand the situation, and her good understanding between a large speedy alliance with Japan was a master- group of Powers, and a condition exstroke of diplomacy when one considers tremely favorable to the continuation of
peace and to the free development of passengers have no seats at all; there the Orient.
are poor lavatory accommodations and
sometimes none; and the immigrants There never
have to wait penned up like cattle in the Do Immigrants
better illustration of stations, sometimes for ten or twelve Pay Extortionate Railway Fare?
the need of our Na- hours. Much of this was admitted by
tional Inter-State Com- Mr. Wood, while the actual condition of merce Commission, and equally of a affairs was saliently brought out by the Commissioner of Immigration eager to story of Inspector Cowan, of the Immiprotect his poor and often ignorant gration Department, who journeyed from wards, than was seen last week at the New York to Philadelphia in company preliminary hearing before the Commis- with about three hundred and fifty immision on the asserted wrongful and shame- grants. He described thefloor of the room ful discrimination against immigrants by where they were penned in for four hours the railways. The hearing was not com- as covered with refuse and in a filthy conpleted, and it would not be fair to criti- dition, while there were only plain board cise the railways unreservedly before seats without backs. There was no op their case has been presented to the Com- portunity to obtain provisions during the mission in full at the postponed hearing. four hours' wait, and when they were But it is not too soon to say that if the bundled in a seven-car train they found facts are as alleged by the Immigration not enough seats, so that many of the Inspectors, and at least in part admitted passengers went to sleep on the floor. by Mr. J. R. Wood, the General Passen- There was no lavatory, no wash-basin, ger Traffic Agent of the Pennsylvania and no water in the water-cooler. At Railroad, the need of stringent super- Philadelphia the immigrants who had vision and control by the central author-, overcrowded the seven-car train 'were ity of the United States is so strong as all jammed into a six-car train ; and at to appeal both to one's sense of justice this point Mr. Cowan felt that his expeand to one's human sympathy. It is rience had been all that he could stand. alleged that seven of the leading railways And for this kind of accommodation, if of the country have united to charge the charges made by Mr. Watchorn are immigrant passengers unjust and unrea- correct, the great railways are charging sonable rates, while at the same time the as much as or more than they obtain from service given is extremely bad in every first-class passengers, occupying firstparticular. Thus, it was admitted by class cars, and having liberal stop-over Mr. Wood that within five years the privileges and all provisions for comfort I cost of a ticket for an immigrant between New York and Philadelphia has been
Governor Hughes has raised from $1.75 to $2.25, while at the
signed the Recount Bill, same time the ordinary first-class pas
and it is now the law of senger's ticket has been reduced in price New York State. He has accompanied until it is now only $2.25-precisely this signature with a memorandum giving what the immigrant pays.
So also an the reasons for his approval. They immigrant bound for Atlantic City has might be expressed in a single sentence to pay $3 for a single ticket, while an thus : Special exigencies sometimes reordinary passenger can buy a round-trip quire special legislation, and such an ticket for $2.50. But this is only half exigency is produced by the uncertainty of the story; for the immigrant's ticket in which is involved the result of the is good for only two days, and he has municipal election of 1905. This exiimmeasurably inferior accommodations.
gency the Governor thus describes : For instance, the seats are mere benches; It is well known to all who are conversant no porters or brakemen to
with sentiment in the city of New York that assist women and children in getting on there is widespread doubt as to the accuracy or off; an immigrant cannot buy a
of the official canvass. The failure to resleeping-car ticket even if he wishes to;
solve that doubt and to determine in a prompt
and decisive manner, satisfactory to all fair. the cars are crowded, so that often the
minded citizens, the result of the election
has become a grave public scandal. The bill would be inexpedient, and that the denial of all relief, either under the existing advantages of having the measure de law or through appropriate legislation for the ascertainment of the fact whether the
clared unconstitutional, if this result votes had been lawfully counted as cast, has should be secured, would not be sufibrought our law into contempt and created cient to counterbalance the disadvantages a grievance shared by many thousands of
of keeping the question open for months, our fellow-citizens who believe that a great wrong has been committed which it is the
if not years, to
His protest duty of those charged with the enactment oi against this bill has been dignified and laws to repair.
strong, and now that it has been overThe Governor holds that quo warranto ruled he would be wise to accept the proceedings do not afford adequate result without further contest. The remedy, because they necessarily involve chief good result which we look for great delay. He concedes that the bill from this agitation is the possible imas signed puts the Mayor at disadvantage petus which it may give to a very much by requiring him to pay the cost of needed reform of the ballot and election recount in any districts which he asks laws in this State. to have recounted, in case that recount shows that he was duly elected. But this injustice, he declares, is remedied by
Two million consumers of
A Popular the supplementary bill which has already
natural in the cities,
Uprising passed the Legislature. We regret that
boroughs, and villages of a careful reading of Governor Hughes's western Pennsylvania
aroused memorandum does not change the opin- against the monopoly of light, heat, powions which The Outlook has expressed er, water, and traction facilities mainrespecting this recount bill. We regret tained by the Philadelphia Company. this because this is almost the only exec- This corporation, which has a history of utive action of Governor Hughes which "bold financiering," exercises privileges we have not been able heartily to ap- by virtue of an extraordinary charter. It
Nor do we for a moment ques- owns nearly all of the gas-mains in Pittstion the worthiness of his motives in burg and western Pennsylvania, nearly all urging this measure, though we differ of the electric light plants, every street from his judgment respecting the wisdom railway in Pittsburg and Allegheny, of setting a precedent which appears to and nearly every street railway line in us perilous. We shall be glad if he western Pennsylvania. Outside of the proves to be right in thinking that pro- city it controls water companies and ceedings under this bill can be pressed electric plants. The charter, which was ·to a more expeditious result than quo granted under the old State Constituwarranto proceedings. But as we go to tion, is of the blanket variety ; it allows press it is, on the one hand, officially the Philadelphia Company to do practiannounced that Mr. Hearst will call for cally anything it wants; to enter any a recount and a recanvass—that is, a line of business, manufacture any article, judicial examination of all the ballots and sell anything. The Company used cast in all the districts, and it is unoffi- to be owned locally, but recently the cially reported that Mayor McClellan United Railways of San Francisco took will resist such a recount and recanvass over practically all of the stock. This on the ground that the law is unconsti- fact has increased the exasperation of tutional, and will, if necessary, carry the the people against what they regard as question of its unconstitutionality up to its exorbitant charges and its arbitrary the Supreme Court of the United States.
Against this Company a storm We do not doubt the purity of Mayor has been brewing for years; but when McClellan's motives in thus insisting, at recently letter-carriers handed into very great expense, on what he believes eighty-eight thousand homes thin slips to be the best interests of the city, of paper bearing a brief announcement against what he believes to be a danger- from the Company that after June 20 ous experiment, but we think that such the price of natural gas would be thirty a protraction of proceedings under this cents instead of twenty-five cents a
thousand cubic feet, the storm broke out to invoke the sovereignty of the State with full force. This increase of five cents in attack
the Company's charter. will net in Pittsburg alone, as indicated This fight is not without meaning for by the Company's annual statement, the Republican State organization. Its $1,750,000 profit. In that city a majority dilemma seems to be either to affront of the industries are operated by natural the people of western Pennsylvania, or gas, and not one in a hundred dwell- to strengthen the leadership of Mayor ings has any other fuel or illuminant. Guthrie, who might be a powerful DemOutside of Pittsburg the use of natural ocratic candidate for the Governorship. gas is as general as within the city. It costs no more to sell the product now than it did several years ago, when the
College festivities have price was fifteen and twenty cents; and
filled much space in the even now it is sold by the Company in reports of the newspapers during the past West Virginia, which requires as much week, At Smith College the Senior pipeline as Pittsburg, at fourteen class presented “ Much Ado About cents. The Company has many street- Nothing,” with the admirable scenic car ventures; and losses it has incurred background and exceptionally good actfrom these it is, in the opinion of Mayor ing which for years past have characterGuthrie, trying to offset by raising the ized these dramatic presentations.price of gas. Moreover, the Company, The Commencement address at Mount because it can thus make more profit, is Holyoke College was delivered by Miss making discrimination in favor of man- Jane Addams, of Hull House, Chiufactured gas and electricity. Thus, it cago. -Dr. Wheeler has declined the refuses to make contracts for the use of invitation to become President of the natural gas with incandescent mantles. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Though the courts have ruled that the and remains at his post in Berkeley, Company cannot say what use a where he is rendering admirable service shall make of the gas after it has passed in broadening the field of work and of the curb line into his house, the Company influence of the University of Califorevades the ruling by threatening to shut nia.
-At the Virginia Military Instioff the gas. The Company has refused tute, at Lexington, the resignation of to build the needed extensions of the Superintendent General Scott Shipp, street-car lines without free and untaxed after a service of seventeen years, was franchises in perpetuity; it has refused accepted, and Colonel Edward W. Nichto obse. Ve the clauses in its franchises ols, Professor of Mathematics and Ecorequiring it to keep the streets clean nomics in the Institute, was appointed between the car tracks. It has failed to temporary Superintencient. Speaking provide all the needed and promised in New York City at the Commencement additional cars; it has ignored the pro- of the College of St. Francis Xavier, posal to abolish the car line loops ; it Archbishop Farley commented on the has failed to pay its increased license large number of graduates of Catholic for its cars; it has declined to establish colleges who did not send their sons to the system of “grounds” that will save the schools to whose training they owed the city, water-mains from electrolysis their success; and the Rev. Dr. Brann due to the electric conduits of the Com- called attention to the fact that the poor pary. In the fight against the practices built and supported Catbolic parochial of this Company the leader is the Mayor schools, and as yet no man of wealth in of Pittsburg, George F. Guthrie. Asso- the metropolis has built and endowed ciated with this Democratic Mayor are
such a school.--Lafayette College, at the Republican Mayor of Allegheny, Easton, Pennsylvania, celebrated its sevCharles F. Kirshler, Mayor Coleman, of enty-fifth year by addresses from ProfesMcKeesport, and committees from citysar Münsterberg, of Harvard, Professor councils, boroughs, and business organi- Cattell
, of Columbia, and Professor Owen, zations. Together these officials and del- of Lafayette. —At Brown University egates have petitioned Governor Stuart the address before the Phi Beta Kappa