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two immortal boys were more seriously problem novel and to the cloak-and-sword funny, or funnily serious, than Mr. Stewart's romance. waif Sam. Whether Sam is explaining the Despite the mediæval flavor of the title, Missouri River to an ignorant professor, or this “ Princess” and this “ Ploughman" are is describing a great race between two both modern Americans. Their story is a steamboats, in which his own boat wins be- bit of romantic absurdity, or a sweet and cause of the useful office filled by the old refreshing love idyl, as the individual read. black auntie's flat-iron as an adjunct to the er's view.point will determine; but however safety-valve; whether he tells of his adven- the emotionally and mentally undeveloped tures as a minor member of a floating circus, a

lady and her quixotic lover may be viewed, or of his penniless prowlings about the New there can be no two ways of regarding certain Orleans levees, or of his visit to a cemetery other of the characters—notably Andrew and with a little girl friend, accompanied by his Permelia McIlheny, whose transplanted Disdog Rags and his pocket-size alligator senting godliness and quaint manner of George (purchased, boy-like, with his last speech are welcome realities. Also Judge money), or whether, with his providential Chantry, the caustic old guardian, who writes partner, the energetic Clancy, he is doing thus to his ward : “My dear Mary, I am detective work in the great Valdes case by sorry to see that in your case the so-called playing about the streets with his ears higher education does not appear to have open—always he is first and last a boy, and developed in the least your sense of relativis intensely interested in explaining every- ity-ordinarily called common sense." This thing to you just as a live American boy would to the irresponsible Princess, just after her be. There is a plot, but the reader sees graduation from an institution of learning in it wrong side out, as it were, through Sam's one of those tranquil New England villages eyes and Sam's boyish ideas of relative where the strenuous .processes incident to values and importance. Also there are not the unfoldment of the female intellect may a few good characters sketched out, but to be said to possess the place as a soul posknow them we must accept Sam's estimates sesses its body.” and then make adult deductions. There are Next comes a pretty story of Canadian those who will find the tale too deliberate rural life, by Anison North. The heroine and too minute, but the flavor and humor tells the tale, and we see her loving, helpful are exceedingly refreshing. It is a book to ministry to family and neighbors, yet sharing read, not hurriedly, but a bit at a time. her father's feud and trying to keep it up A special word of praise must be added after his death. But justice and love are for Mr. F. J. Taylor's drawings, which too strong for her filial theories, and the catch the spirit and intention of the author houses of Mallory and Carmichael are reconin a way rarely seen nowadays in book illus- ciled. The illustrations and marginal decotration.

rations do not add especially to the simple To those who love a simple story, simply narrative. told, but with true sentiment and gentle The beautiful dedication in Mrs. Angrace, we highly commend the new novel drews's book 3 of short stories of parsons, by Mrs. De La Pasture, author of that other soldiers, and other fighters in the worldcharming tale“ Peter's Mother.” Catherine “ To the memory of a man who was with is a girl of quiet charm and of lifelong de- his whole heart a priest, and with his votion to an ideal of romance.

She quite

whole strength a soldier of the church militakes hold of the reader's heart, and he is tant”-prepares one for the character of glad that she loves to the end the stately, the writing that follows when the parsons' handsome, conscientious husband she has tales are told, one of which certainly holds awesomely admired as a girl, and that she a picture almost worthy of comparison never penetrates the secret that he is essen- with that ideal of a priest, Monseigneur tially a dull and commonplace gentleman. Bienvenu, whose candlesticks and saintliIn contrast to Catherine there are two capi. ness saved the soul of Hugo's Jean Valjean. tally drawn elderly women, one of infernal The other tales, morally and otherwise rather temper and overbearing self-approval, the less strenuous, are variously stimulating and other of indolent and self-indulgent tempera- as admirably written, every one. ment but exceedingly clever in character- In these days of agitated discussion of the reading and in social comment. Altogether value and authenticity of nature stories, one the story entertains but does not excite; it affords a refreshing contrast both to the

1 The Princess and the Ploughman, By Florence Morse, Kingsley. Harper & Brothers, New York. $1.25.

” Carmichael. By Anison North. Doubleday, Page &

Co , New York. $1 50. I Catherine of Calais. By Mrs. Henry De La Pasture. The Militants. By Mary Raymond Shipman Andrews, E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. $1.50.

Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.


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hesitates to pronounce on an Jutdoor book amusing way. An Italian background and of any description. But certainly with safety an Italian head waiter are part of the necesand entire truthfulness it may be affirmed of sary property. Mrs. Thompson Seton's animal anecdotes' Lawrence Mott, in these stories of Labrathat they are at least good reading—and that dor and Gloucester fishermen," introduces in these intimate and informal records of camp some amazing dialect, and tries to indicate life and travel she has so well preserved the the sounds of raging waters and crashing atmosphere of close companionship with timbers by combinations of italicized letters. woods and waters that, even to the uninitiated, The effect of these two devices is to puzzle what is after all the chief charm of sport and annoy the reader. The stories themwith gun and rod is made quite clear. The selves are quite brutal, yet lightened by reader who may prefer this charm disassoci- attempts at current popular sentiment. ated from the idea of slaughter will so find Here is a pretty, wholesome fairy book, it in Part IV., which tells of the " sufficiently mysterious to awaken interest in hunting of reindeer in Norway (where the the children, yet very gracefully written, and camera was the only weapon used), follow- having nice little morals tucked craftily ing the many chapters of Paris I.-III., de- away within its pages. The wrițer, Jasmine voted to successive not so unbloody expedi Stone Van Dresser, has the true gift of tions after big and little game in the Sierras story-telling for little folks, and the pictures and the Rockies and in Canada. The book by Florence E Storer quite suit the text. has marginal and full-page illustrations, They are printed in color. several of them Mr. Thompson Seton's, Mr. John H. Whitson in his new novel 3 has who, by the way, transparently disguised a. prepared a complete surprise for his readers,

Nimrod," appears in the text, not only in and, in charity, we warn them not to read his own character, the art-student of wood- the last chapter first. Louis Armitage, land lore, but in the less familiar rôle of walking in Central Park, is suddenly kidcamp poet.

napped by two lovely women, one of whom Delia? is the maid-of-all-work for a "family claims him as her long-lost husband. Given 'or six,” and so well is she rendered that one this situation of mistaken identity, the comgets an unaccustomed serious glimpseat many plications that arise are many and become things perhaps before unseen, through read- serious. The story is well told, and moderni ing her diary, the humor of which also exists New York is graphically pictured. How the independently of its simplified spelling à la Castle of Doubt is freed from its mystery Irlandais. From that phrase it follows that must be learned from the book itself. Delia's heart is in the right place, so we at

A book stimulating once know where her sympathies will be in

How to Understand
the Old Masters

the student's further her young mistress's love affair, and divine

consideration of a subwith equal certainty and pleasure her ulti

ject of more primary importance to him mate possession of a sweetheart of her own.

than is the comprehensive and authoritative Crude Western speech and the common- volume to be consulted at the end of his placeness of the event it chronicles—the

course as the final word. The first word coming of a little one into a childless home, has a more influential place than the last. do not lessen the force of Mr. Butler's slen

If this is true in the study of art in general, der book's appeal,3 which is truer also for

it is particularly true in the study of paintthe smiles provoked quite as often as deeper ing. Few visitors to Europe remain away emotions are stirred, All truly “ daddies ”—

from the great galleries. But of the freand others-should be interested in these

quenters of those galleries the even passably “confessions."

well informed are few. Their comprehenThe merry mood of Jean Webster is con

sion would be more enlightened did they tagious, and we laugh over the absurdities

realize certain things—for instance, the disof the situations that develop about Jerry tortion of purpose suffered by the old masJunior.“ Audacious, resourceful, and finally

ters in the transference of pictures from gayly in love, he employs the most evident

their original settings in church, chapel, or devices to gain the attention of the maiden, palace to the glare of our modern galleries, who is quite his equal' in cool daring. With

where there is as well sometimes a too inbut occasional lapses, the farce goes on its

discriminate company of paintings. Then, Nimrod's Wife. By Grace Gallatin Seton. Doubleday, again, one should have a knowledge of the old Page & Co., New York. $1.75.

The Diary of Delia. By Onoto Watanna. Doubleday, 1 To the Credit of the Sca. By Lawrence Mott. Harper Page & Co., New York. $1.25.

& Brothers, New York. $1.50. The Confessions of a Daddy. By Ellis Parker Butler. 2 How to Find Happyland. By Jasmine Stone Van The Century Company, New York. 75c.

Dresser. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. 2. * Jerry Junior. By Jean Webster. The Century Co 7)- · The Castle of Doubt. By John H. Whitson. Little, pany, New York$1.50.






Brown & Co., Boston. $1.50,

masters' themes, often meaningless to the particularly of Mr. Sargent. Not being so casual observer. A marked increase in that interested in the development of German observer's information, as indicated above, art as is our historian, it will seem to Ameriand a consequent increase in his power of can readers as if the many pages devoted to comprehension, should be the result of read- Germany might have been condensed in our ing Professor Van Dyke's latest volume.' In favor. Here again, however, Dr. Muther's addition, the seeker for information will find criticism is particularly instructive, espetherein suggestive discussions of figure, por- cially in dealing with the much-misundertrait, genre, animal, Jandscape, and marine stood Boecklin. Indeed, this historian is at painting. The reason for relegating these his best when he touches Sargent or Boeckdiscussions to the second part of the book, lin or Whistler or any one who shows a conhowever, is not altogether evident.

tempt for conventionality, yet, assimilating

the deep underlying strength of the ages, The great styles in Nineteenth Century Painting painting are the out

has transformed it by the power of genius. come of the æsthetic,

In any event Dr. Muther writes with an intellectual, and religious tendencies of the incisive phrase, far removed from the ponages. If Inness and Monet represent one

derous, involved styie of some of his compakind of craving in our own time, Velasquez

triots. Turning from individuals to national and Van Dyck represented another in theirs, schools, we discover, as we might expect, Perugino and Memling in theirs. Thus we

as hearty acknowledgment of national indemay discover a bond of union between widely pendence, wherever found, as there is of separated men, countries, and schools. We individual excellence and freedom of expresbegin to appreciate more whatever unity

sion. As his more general work would lead there is in the development of painting. We

us to surmise, however, Professor Muther now regard epochs rather than individuals. leaves us with the feeling that future schools One of those epochs was the nineteenth cen

of painting will be called, not by countries, tury. We are still too close to it properly but by principles of art. Methods are all to weigh the influence of its salient charac- very well, but are only vital when they are teristics. But, so far as can be, the psycho- distinctive interpreters. The mission of art logical method of measuring should be is to express life. What the nineteenth cenemployed. A master in this analysis, Dr. tury's painting has done in truth, directness, Richard Muther, Professor in the University power, and sincerity in such expression is of Breslau, has already given brilliant proof well summarized in these pages. of the value of this method in his “Ge

Mr. Roberts's studies of

The Haunters of schichte der Malerei,” a work which reviews

animal life almost always

the Silences the history of painting to the beginning of

have a vein of poetic the nineteenth century. It is appropriate feeling and broad sympathy with nature. that, within a few weeks of the publication This book' (charmingly printed, by the way) of a translation of that work, there should pictures animals shy and little known to appear a revision and translation of its more most of us, while a few chapters deal with detailed continuation, the “Geschichte der sea life, about which Mr. Roberts modestly Malerei im XIX. Jahrhundert.” The pres- forewarns the reader that his personal knowlent publication? is embellished with hundreds edge is slight. One is glad that the author of illustrations in line, half-tone, and color, does not try to humanize and dramatize and and is issued in four well-bound volumes. sensationalize his animals. He talks about The revision is, of course, specially interest- the wild life from the standpoint of a man ing in its account of the development of who knows it well and is also a writer of painting during the last decade of the nine- refinement and of literary instinct. teenth century. In this particular develop

One of the officers of the ment Americans claim, with justice, that they Round About

Hampton Institute, Miss J. have a notable share. They will feel some Jamestown

E. Davis, has prepared a sense of disappointment, therefore, in not

convenient handbook a which will interest all finding more pages devoted to American art

visitors to the Jamestown Exposition who in Dr. Muther's books. It does seem as if

wish to consider it in its historical relations. his perspective were scarcely accurate. If

Except for these historical relations the Exanything could atone for the lack of quantity, however, it would be the high quality position would have little excuse for exist

In a brief series of concise but readof the German's criticism of our painters, able chapters Miss Davis relates the main


Studiçs in Pictures. By John C. Van Dyke. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. $1.25, net,

1 The Haunters of the Silences, By Charles G. D. RobThe History of Modern Paintings By Richard Muther. erts. L. C. Page & Co., Boston. $2. In 4 vols (Revised Edition.) E. P. Dutton & Co., New 2 Round About Jamestown. By Miss J. E. Davis. HampYork. $25, net, a set.

ton Institute, Hampton, Virginia.


facts of the earliest colonial settlement of products from clime to clime, he has conour country and gives a survey of the social verted into terrible scourges the parasitic and political genesis and development of one organisms which in their natural area are of the most romantic regions of the United beneficent, or, at most, innocuous. GovernStates. Anecdotes, traditions, and espe- ments which spend vast sums on armies and cially some excellent illustrations and a clear navies are blamed for their improvident and useful sketch map give a human quality neglect to spend what is necessary for the exto this little book, which may be cordially termination of these microscopic foes. The recommended to all those who want to know chief seats of British culture are blamed for why the navies of the world have taken the underestimating the importance to human trouble to make Hampton Roads a ren. life and progress of the studies on which dezvous this summer.

a better control of Nature is conditioned. The key to this volume' is given

The author then sketches the progress made Efficient Democracy

by a single sentence in the pref- during the last quarter-century toward doace—“To be efficient is more

minion over Nature, through the studies that difficult than to be good.” It would perhaps

have searched out her secrets to the bounds be unfair to say that in the writer's opinion

of present knowledge. As an illustration of efficiency is more important than goodness,

the sort of work requisite to extend that but not to say that it is of co-equal impor. dominion, a chapter on the “ sleeping sicktance. The writer's object is to point out

ness” concludes the volume with an account some methods that will promote efficiency in

of the investigation which led to the discovthe various departments of life, as in busi

ery of the antidote to the terrible scourge that ness, government, hospitals, schools, and the caused appalling mortality in Central Africa like. The principal instrument on which he by the bite of a fly introducing a parasite into depends for efficiency is an exact and accu

the blood. The author, one of the foremost rate report of what has been done, is being

of British scientists, does not doubt what done, and ought to be done, and this report

some have questioned, that the so-called presented not in general statements but in

pithecanthropus ” (ape-man), whose skull matbematical detail and with mathematical

was discovered in Java in 1892, is “rightly accuracy. The spirit which is essential to to be regarded as a 'man'”—physically interthis efficiency is primarily a real and earnest

mediate between the lowest races now known desire to know the facts, and the intelligence and the chimpanzee. His story of the recent necessary to understand the facts when they advance of physical science is illuminating are presented. The author lays great stress

and well illustrated. The volume is a valuon the value of statistics properly collated

able addition to popular scientific literature. and compared and rightly understood, as

Its skeptical, almost contemptuous attitude a means of substituting classification for

toward certain conclusions of psychologists, “ messification.” He writes in a clear, lucid, quite as well established as the human nature epigrammatic style, perhaps with too great of the “pithecanthropus," é. g. telepathy, fondness for epigram. The book produces freshly illustrates the streak of provincialism a little the impression of a series of separate

observable in men of the highest special articles adapted for use to the several de learning. partments of which it treats. We are not


Regarded as literature quite sure that the teacher needs to under

these volumes' might

Insular Possessions stand what is necessary for efficiency in the

be criticised as being conduct of a hospital, or the doctor what is

sometimes encyclopædic, sometimes journalnecessary for efficiency in the conduct of a istic. But for the purpose for which they school. But the volume will be valuable to

are written this is not a criticism. The all men who are doing things if they will select encyclopædia gives in compact form informafrom it what they specifically need, and will tion respecting the past. The journal gives be especially valuable to students of the the history of to-day while it is still in the various social activities of our modern life, making. This is just the information which

the American reader wants to-day respecting The Kingdom

Man, as "Nature's insurgent
son," has won, says the

our insular possessions. He wants to be told in of Man author, dominion over her

a few pages what was the past history of Porto but in part, and is in peril if he neglects to

Rico, Hawaii, Guam, and the Philippines, make his conquest complete. In his migra: icans have done in them and for them since

and more fully he wants to know what Amertions, and in his transportation of natural

they became our possessions. Both pieces 1 Efficient Democracy. By William H. Allen. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. $1.50, net.

1 America's Insular Possessions.. By C. H. Forbes-Lind2 The Kingdom of Man. By E. Ray Lankester, M.A., say., In 2. vols. The John C. Winston Company, Phila. LL.D. Henry Holt & Co., New York. $1.40, net.

delphia. $5.


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of information are very well given by Mr. omit in his report any facts of significance, Forbes-Lindsay. We wish that he had or to present the facts in false proportions devoted one chapter to the fundamental on salse relations. The volumes are attractconstitutional question whether the United ively gotten up and well illustrated. States has any right to have possessions, and

The life of Julie de Lespito interpreting the decisions of the Supreme

A Sorrowful

nasse,' translated by P. H. Court of the United States upon that ques


Lee Warner from the French tion. The impartiality of the book will be

of the Marquis de Ségur, discloses a perquestioned in certain quarters. Those who sonality whose potent charm has certainly think that a historian should simply give a eluded the skill of either biographer or colorless account of events, without any

novelist. We are assured that this woman, attempt to interpret or to pass judgment on

who was the center of a notable and brilliant them, will not find these volumes to their circle, was capable of the greatest intellectual liking. We do not so judge the function of the

and social attainments. She must have historian. We think he ought to interpret been so, yet, after reading all that has been as well as to describe events; at least that

written of her in history or fiction, the imthe historian who interprets as well as nar

pression left is faint, unconvincing, and of rates is a greater historian than he who sim

unrelieved sadness. Her position in Parisian ply narrates, as a portrait painter is a greater so was attained by her own talent, artist than a photographer. Of course the backed neither by wealth nor family. She historian may interpret badly, as the painter lived in an atmosphere, so curious to any but may paint badly. But all we have a right to

the Latin mind," where laxest morality went ask of either is that he shall interpret clearly hand in hand with the loftiest ideas, the and consistently, and shall not alter the facts seriousness of which was only to be equaled to sustain his interpretation. We regard by the frivolous expression given to them." Clarendon's History of England as a great She is described as one of the world's great history, though we do not believe that he

lovers-exalted, torn, consumed, and has interpreted correctly the events he de posed to the world through her letters pubscribed. But a frankly royalist history is

lished thirty years after her death, which better than colorless one.

Mr. Forbes

were characterized as “the loudest heart. Lindsay believes that the prompt recogni- beats" in all the eighteenth century. She tion of the Hawaiian Republic was right

was a painfully complex nature, both in and President Cleveland's attempt to restore mental outlook and in conduct. She sought Princess Liliuokalani was wrong; he believes

incessantly for some new sensation, and yet that the hope of Hawaii is in her sugar crop, her life was conducted according to the most tuat the sugar crop can be developed only

monotonous routine. The general public by large estates and organized labor, and has made her acquaintance through Mrs. that for these reasons Chinese labor ought Ward's novel “ Lady Rose's Daughter," to be admitted to Hawaii. He sustains the

which was founded upon this unhappy lifecourse of the Administration at Panama, and

history. The present biographer unveils has no doubt that the Panama route is far

the secrets of her birth, her sad child hood, better than the Nicaraguan route. He thinks her troubled connection with the Marquise that there is a good deal to be said for Agui- du Delfand, her strange comradeship with naldo, and states the case for him and his

d'Alembert, her short-lived but powerful policy as well as we have ever seen it passion for the Marquis de Mora, and her stated-and we are somewhat familiar with

painful last years spent in terrible alternathe arguments of the Boston anti-imperialists. tions of joy and despair during her connecBut he apparently believes that the exclu- tion with Guibert. Hers was a life filled sion of Aguinaldo's forces from Manila was

with most painful emotions and no rest. absolutely necessary to safeguard the for

The discourses included in eigners, especially the Spanish, and he be

The Year of this collection are suited to lieves, in spite of all that can be said to explain,


the Sundays of the Christian if not to justify, the Aguinaldo campaign Year, and were for the most part given at against the Americans, that“ to have granted Stanford University. Their clearness and independence to the Philippines at that time


freshness of presentation, and closeness to would have been to visit the people with a

the needs of modern thought and life, are greater misfortune than continuance of the

such as belong to the best type of university rule of the friars, and it is well that the American government did not entertain either idea." The author's views are frankly 1 Julie de Lespinasse. By the Marquis de Ségur. Trans

lated from the French by P. H. Lee Warner, Henry Holt stated, but we see no indication that they & Co., New York. $2.50, net. have led him either to misreport any facts, to

? The Year of Grace. By George Hodges. Thomas Whittaker, New York. $1, net. Postage, 10c.


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