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The Duke of Bedford now pressed cefter was taken before him, in 1441, the King to go in person to France, as which was the last public business in the Maid of Orleans and the late ill which he engaged, for in April 1443, fucceiles of his army had considerably he died, not before he had requested abated the English interest in that coun. the Pope to appoint the Bishop of Bath try. The Archbishop was appointed his fuccessor." The King backed his commiflioner to raise fupplies for the petition, as the person be named was journey, which was foon terminated rendered worthy of the holy fee, by by the King's return.
his devout zeal, his great talents, noEugenius, the new Pope, openly ble birth, powerful connexions, and quarreiled with the fathers, at the coun- conciliating hospitality: cil at Balil, because they wished to The monuments of his munificence unite the Greek and Latin churches, have immortalized his name. He foundand to reform the church universal. ed, in May, 1422, a collegiate church The fynod was removed to Bologna, at Higham Ferrers, the place of his and delegates were sent to it from Eng- nativity, for the maintenance of eight land.
chaplains, four clerks, and fix chorisFor the following four years little ters. For the maintenance of the poor business of consequence was transacted, in the town, he also erected an hofpias during this season of leisure Chichele tal. formed the idea of founding a college. At Canterbury, whence he derived As the duration of his life could not his rank and power, he adorned the be long, he determined to extend his cathedral, and built a large library, provident care to pofterity, and to tem- which he furnished with a good collecporary benefits to add one of a more tion of books. At Lambeth, he repairpermanent duration. In the year 1437, ed and improved the archiepiscopal pahe laid the foundation of a college in lace. Oxford; a lasting testimony of his re- At Oxford, where he acquired the gard for literature, and of its benefi- accomplifhments, which raised him to cial influence on society.
his rank, and qualified him for the right During the next year, Chichelè re- use of his power, he built the Northfused to invest a French prelate with gate street, and erected a college of the the spiritualities of the Bishopric of fouls of all the faithful deceased. Ely, when the Pope had appointed him The fellows originally were twenty, without the knowledge of the English but the warden was invested with powclergy. He again opposed the Pope, er to increase the number to forty; and by inlifting that Cardinal Kempe, Arch- in 1442, they made their entrance into bishop of York, should not have pre- the college. Their laws are supposed cedence of him in the House of Peers; to have been composed by the famous as his former rank was derived solely civilian Lyndewood, under the Archfrom his attendance on the Pontiff's bishop's direction, who set his seal to person.
them on April the ad. On the 12th In order to assist the universities, he died, in the thirtieth year of his adwhich were then in a very reduced state, ministration of the metropolitan see, he decreed, with the concurrence of the and about the eighty-firft of his life. fynod, that ecclefiaftical patrons for ten His remains were deposited in Canyears, should confer benefices on mem- terbury cathedral. His monument was bers of either university, and that vi- erected while he was alive, and is orcars-general, commissaries, and officials, namented with his effigy, in his pontishould be chosen out of the graduates fical vestments; beneath which, is a in civil and common law.
skeleton in a shroud. The allistance of the clergy next de- The following infcription is placed manded his attention. The King was on his monument: petitioned, who promised to lay their Hic jacet Henricus Chichelè, Legum complaints before parliament. The Doctor, quondam Cancellarius Sarum, exainination of the Duchess of Glou- qui anno leptiino Henrici IV. regis ad
Gregorium Papam XII. in ambasciata reached full maturity, before they were transmissus, in civitate Senenfi per brought into use; so that he seldom fail. manus ejusdem Papæ in Menevenfem ed in his negociations. His ability in Episcopum consecratus est. Hic etiam executing several important commifHenricus anno fecundo Henrici V. re- fions gained him the approbation of his gis in hac sancta ecclefia in Archiepif- country, and the favour of his sovereign. copum poftulatus, et a Joanne Papa His erudition appears to have been exXXIII. ad eandem translatus est : Qui tensive, his discernment clear, his judgeobiit anno domini MCCCCXLII. ment solid, and his manners polite. mensis Aprilis xii.
As an ecclefiaftic, he was pious, and Cætus sanctorum concorditer ifte precetur to the church sincerely attached. He Ut Deus ipsorum meritis fibi propitietur. maintained the catholic doctrines with
Round the verge, at the bottom of a zeal the most conscientious. He knew the monument, is written,
the danger of innovation, yet was neQuisquis eris, qui transieris, rogo memor eris,
ver actuated by a spirit of persecution. Ta quod eris mihi confimilis qui poft morieris, As a benefactor he was liberal; and, Omnibus horribilis, pulvis, vermis, caro vilis. to sum up his character without par
Such is the account which various tiality, he possessed excellent natural authors have delivered to posterity, of abilities, liberal accomplithrents, strict Archbishop Chichelè. In early life, piety and integrity, and a hcart charihis acquirements were great, and they table and benevolent.
16. Ex Tepalve
« Come, now,
FOR THE LONDON MAGAZINE.
has so long of DRIACK, has clofed his design in the following paper. But though we are no longer to be favoured with his communications under this title, we hope that we ihall not be altogether deprived of his correspondence. THE HYPOCHONDRIACK. No. LXX.
conclude." "O retire in proper time from any POCHONDRIACK, a periodical paper, most nice and difficult trials of human almost fix years, and I fatter myself prudence and resolution. Every man that my labours under that title shall of any classical education recollects not cease without some kindly sentithe well known allusion to a horsements of approbation in the breasts of growing aged, who ought no longer those to whom they have afforded octo be pathed on to the race left he casional entertainment. should be left behind breathless and
It has been generaily observed that contemptible. But the misfortune is, we are sorry to part with one whom we that felf-love deceives us exceedingly have long known, provided he is not in the estimation of our mental abilities, absolutely disagreeable to us. Upon so that we cannot be easily persuaded this observation I found my hopes of that they are in any degree decayed. being for a moment regretted by my Le Sage in his Gil Blas has given a just readers; for a writer, though unand diverting initance of this, in the known, is always personified with sufold canon who was implacably offended ficient distinctness by the imagination, at having a delicate hint fuggested to so as to be the object of affection of him that he did not write so well as he one kind or other. I doubt if a writer had done in the vigour of life. has any such feeling towards those by
My readers are now to be informed whom he has been long known, but of that this is the last essay, of The Hx. whom he has no knowledge. His ima
gination does not fettle upon any indi- ftiff, some quite easy; and to fome their viduals of the number: but he has works are like robes, which they puton merely an idea of many in the abstract, only upon folemn occasions, and never which, although it may expand his pride wear in their common course of life. or his ambition, cannot touch his Of these varieties I have seen many exheart. I, however, am conscious of a amples, and could name fereral' now certain tenderness, while I am closing alive, were it proper fo to do it. the scene of a species of literary exift- For myself, I cannot perfeAly judge ence, in which Iown I have experienced of my manner, which have no doubt sometimes anxiety, and sometimes felf. must vary with the fluctuation of my complacency. This tendernefs, it is spirits. "Nor can I boast that my pracplain from what I have said, is referable tice is uniformly what it should be. fimply to my own mind. Yet it is an But I am absolutely certain that in these interesting fancy that there may be papers my principles are most fincerely some of my readers fo habituated to expressed. I can truly say in the sympathize with the foul of the Hy- words of Pope, POCHONDRIACK, shat the instant of “ I love to pour out all myself as plain, our being perfonally known to each « As downright Shippen, or as old Montaigne." other the would be a cordial friend Perhaps, indeed, I have poured out ship between us.
myfelf with more freedom than pru. But, there must not be too positive dence will approve, and I am aware of expectations entertained of finding a being too much an egotist. But I trust fimilarity between an author's conver- that my readers will be generous enough fation and his writings. An author not to take advantage of my openness may have exhausted his mind into his and confidence, but rather treat me works, fo that nothing of any value with a liberal indulgence. remains for him to communicate. He Yet let it not be understood that I may be able to collect and quicken his fupplicate favour with an abject timi. ideas in his closet, and have them diffi- dity. For I am not afraid of a fair trial by pated, and as it were annihilated for impartial judges. This comfort I have, a time, when in company. He may that my intentions have all along been be an impostor, so as to have been af- good, and that I cannot be condemned fuming the appearance of virtuous or for having failed in my undertaking; amiable qualities, which he no more because I undertook nothing determi, pofleiles, than a player does many of nate, but only to give a series of essays, the characiers which he represents upon which I have accordingly done. I perthe fage with a vivacity of deception. ceive they are not fo lively as I expected For miinickry is indeed profound and they would be. But they are more universal, extending not only to manner, learned. And I beg I may not be but to fentiment, and every part of charged with excessive arrogance, when mind, as is proved by the works of I venture to say that they contain a good dramatic writers, and I am sorry considerable portion of original thinkto add by the harangues of orators in ing. Be what they may, I thould not different departments who ought to be have written them had I not been urged in earnest. Indeed, there is nothing on by the obligation of a monthly talk more delufive than the supposed cha- which I imposed upon myself. For racter of an author, froin reading his except the first number, and the four compofitions. There may be fine which I mention as written several years thoughts on the surface of a course ago, all of them were composed while mina, as beautiful flowers are found the hour of publication was fo near, growing upon rocks, upon bogs, nay that I had juft time enough to do them upon dunyhüls. Besides the connec. with rapid agitation. Sometimes I had tion between authors and their works a few notes for a subject; sometimes is very different in different pertons. not; and often have I wondered when Their works may be compared to their I found my pages filled. Hurry has clothes. Some wear them tigrit and been upon many occalions pleaded as an
excuse for the imperfections of a writer. Let me then have done, and bid my The Hypochondriack has, befides, to readers farewell with a good grace, in plead what is peculiar to his own cait ftead of lingering on the verge of my of mind, a hurry of fpirits.
departure. I know there is sometimes There is a pleasure, when one is in- a good deal of hesitation in leaving a dolent, to think that a task, to the per- room filled with company whom we formance of which one has been again refpect, and a man often Gts long. and again subjected, and had some dif- froin irresolution to rise and make a ficulty to make it oat, is no longer to handfome bow, while retreating, which be required. But this pleasure, or ra- is one of the mot exquisite leffons of ther comfort, does not last. For we the Marseilles of every age. But this foon feel a degree of uneafy languor, not need not disconcert as who are not of merely in being without a stated exer- great confequence, and therefore not
cife, but in being void of the usual much the object of attention. But a i consciousness of its regular returns, by certain degree of presence of mind is
which the mind has been agreeably required to be convinced that one is braced.
not of great confequence, the idea of · A conclufion, however, fhould be which produces that bafhfulness which pat to a periodical paper, before its the French very well express by the numbers have encreased so much as to phrase mauvaise honte. Frequently has make it heavy and disgusting were it it happened that when a man has even of excellent compofition, and this thought every body was gazing upon consideration is more neceffary when it him, and has nyly ktolen a look, he is entirely the work of one person, has perceived not an eye directed his which in my first number I declared the way. The mode of publication in Hypochondriack should be. I have which 'The HYPOCHONDRIACK hath resolved to end with number se- as yet appeared prevents him from ventieth, from perhaps a whimsical re- knowing what has been the opinion gard to a number by which feveral in- which his readers have formed of his teresting particulars are marked, the effavs. He has only to add with his most interesting of which is the solemn laft breath in this character, that he reflection that“ the days of our years knows he shall view these papers with are threescore years and ten.” To chuse relish or dissatisfaction, in different one number rather than another, where states of his mind. But, at all times all numbers are rationally indifferent, he shall rejoice, if he is assured that his there must be a motive, however light. writings have in any degree contri, Such is my motive for fixing on Num- buted to the relief of the unhape ber Seventieth. It may be laid, I need py. not to have told it,
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE,
ON ATHEIS M.
of B. S. in your Magazine for many millions who appear to have
no better qualified to maintain the other tional comprehension of the great oriside of the argument; since it is uni- ginal and fountain of light. versally agreed that God must be not • The angels who kept their station only the cause but the first cause of all (if Mr. Hammon can admit such bethings: and, if this be allowed, it must ings) are doubtless glorious manifestabe in open defiance of all the reason of tions in themselves, and in their kingmankind, which never was, nor ever dom, of the great unsearchable God; will be able to conceive an effect to but may well be supposed to have no subsist without a cause; and therefore better ability of their own to fathom can never cease to ask what was the his immenfity, than is that of the racause of this first cause*? Thus reason, tional power in man. Yet, from some instead of proving, must forever be accounts (to which reason may also calling in question the existence of God. have its objections) it appears that an
If it should here be asked, how then gels had a power to bring themselves is it, that men do come to acknowledge into great misery by meddling too the Deity? I answer: not by having boldly with the things of God. their reason convinced, but by their From what has been said, it follows, turning from it to the living sensibility that, if believers wilh to filence Atheists, of God's presence in their fouls, which, they must not think to do it by reasonis, as B. S. remarks, conscience; and ing with them; but by fhewing that this is called belief of faith.-Terms they themselves are not Atheists, or which evidently imply something con- without God. And this cannot be trary to rational conception.
done by empty forms or distinctions of It is to this conscience or faith that worship; nor in any other manner than all revelation both inward and outward by suffering God to manifest himself is addrefred; because it is a small spark through them in the love, truth, and of the divine nature still remaining in righteousness of their lives and conman, not totally extinguished by the versation; whereby all men fhall be fall, and consequently the only faculty, forced to see and acknowledge that by which he can know any thing of “ God is in them of a truth.” God; who can never be farther or I shall end these loose observations otherwise known to any of his crea- with a caution to Mr. Hammon, very tures, than so far, or in such manner, happily expressed by the poet in the as, he stands manifested to them by a following lines: birth of his own divine nature in them;
“ Query was made, what did Jehovah do,. like as no man can see the light of this Before the world its first foundation knew? world in any other degree than as the 'The answer was, he made a Hell for such same is enkindled, and rises up in his As were toocurious and would know too much f." own eyes. And yet the man, though I am, Sir, in the fullest possession of the blessing of
Your humble servant, fight, stands as remote as one born
CREDULOUS, blind from any felf knowledge or ra- July 17, 1783.
* Let it be observed, that the seeming absurdity of this expression consists only in the letter, not in the sense. The grain fown in the ground is as much the cause of the ensuing produce, as it was the effect of the seed from which it sprang.
+ " Compel them to come in.” Luke, c. xiv. v. 23. Perhaps it might not be wholly unprofitable to Dr. Priestley, if, in the midst of some of his high speculations, he were to contider a little of the deep meaning contained in those lines.
ACCOUNT OF COLONEL DEVEAUX. НЕ gallant and well-concerted whose crews did not exceed 200 fea.
terprize of Colonel Deveaux, men, 65 irregulars, and 100 Bahama against the Spaniards at New-Provi- fishermen. Such was the armament, dence, is perhaps without a parallel in under the command of a youxg man, the modern history of war. The whole barely 25 years old, and who had not force employed were a few privateers, been bred in any regular military