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Town of Carrick fergas.

unfortunate. Their pardon, which you have The Right Honourable Barry Yelverton, been pleased to grant on my account, is the most Conway Richard Dobbs, Elg.

agreeable present you could have offered me, and County of Kilkenny.

is strongly characteristic of the bravery and galWilliam Brabason Ponsonby, Esq.

lantry of the Spanish nation. This instance inThe Honourable Henry Welbore Agar,

creases, if poilible, my opinion of your Excel. Borough of Innislioge.

lency's humanity, which has appeared on so George Ponsonby, Esq.

many occasions in the course of the late war. John Vlher, Esq.

“' Admiral Rowley is to dispatch a vcffel to Borough of Knoctopher.

Louisiana for the prisoners; I am convinced they Sir Hercules Langrilh, Bart.

will ever think of your Excellency's clemency Robert Langrish, Esq. his fon.

with gratitude; and I have sent a copy of your Borough of Gownan.

letter to the King, my father, who will be fully The Honourable Henry Welbore Agar, sensible of your Excellency's attention to me. George Dunbar, Esq.

“ I request my compliments to Mrs. Galvez; Borough of Thomastown.

and that you will be assured, that actions fo.noGeorge Roth, Esq.

ble as those of your Excellency will ever be rePatrick Welch, Esq.

membered by Borough of Callan.

(Signed) « WILLIAM HENRY." George Agar, Esq.

Aug. 23. By the Grantham packet, which John Burke O'Flaherty, Esq.

failed from Jamaica the ist of August, we have an account of every thing there being returned

into its proper channel, and that business then WEST-INDI E S.

went on as smoothly as before the war. Kingfon, Jamaica, May 31. THE following is a letter written from his

EAST. IN DIES. Highness Prince Wiliam Henry, and his Royal THE Grosvenor, Capt. Coxen, was loft on Highness's answer thereto:

the 12th of August, 1782, on the Caffic “SIR, Cape Francois, April 6, 1783. coalt, about 29 deg. S. to the eastward of the

“THE Spanish troops cantoned through. Cape of Good Hope, about 550 miles diftant. out the country have not, as the French, had the Four of the crew arrived at Cape-Town, after happiness to take up their arms to falute your several months travelling, and gave information Royal Highness, nor that of paying you those that 15 people were loit when the ship struck; marks of respect and confideration which are that they four, with several others, who perished your due; it is what they will ever regret. on the journey through hunger and fatigue, left:

" I have in confinement, in Louisiana, the the captain, the passengers, and the greater part principal person concerned in the revolt of the of the crew, in all about 80 persons, where the Natchez, with some of his accomplices. They hip was loit. have forfeited their parole and oath of fidelity. The misery that encompassed these unhappy A Council of War, founded on equitable laws, people, the moft gloomy imagination cannot aghas condemned them to death, and the execu gravate. Behind them was the ocean, from tion of their sentence waits only my confirma which they had just escaped, and the shore tion, as Governor of the colony. They are all itrewed with the dead bodies of the more fortuEnglish. Will you be pleased, Sir, to accept nate companions of their disastrous voyage: betheir pardon and their lives, in the name of the tore them was a journey of 550 miles, without Spanish army, and of my King? It is, I trust, water or provisions, exposed to the rays of an the best present that can be offered to one Prince African sun, through inhofpitable and trackless in the name of another. Mine is generous, and dezerts, untrodden, lave by the fierce Barbarian, will approve my conduct.

or the prowling lavage. Some dropped down “ In case your Royal Highness deigns to through inanition and fatigue; some were detereft yourself for thote unfortunate men, I have voured by wild bearts; and, itrange to tell, the the honour to send inclosed an order for their be women, in all seven or eight, were not among ing delivered the moment any vefiel arrives at the tirit who fell! At the end of ten days, four Louisiana, communicating your pleasure. We common sailors only survived, and they continuThall contider ourselves happy if this can be agree- ing along the coast, able to you:

Per various cafus, per tot discrimina rerum," * I have the honour to be, &c.

surmounted every obstacle, and arrived at the (Signed) “ B. D. GALVEZ.” Cape. The following is the answer of his Royal The thip was returning from a Bengal voyage, Highness Prince William Henry, to General and the cargo was valued at 300,000l.' No Galvez, sent by Captain Manly Dixon, of his blame is impiuted to the captain; his conduct Majesty's thip Tobago, which sailed from hence after the fatal accident was collected, patient, the 25th of April latt.

and brave. He fell on the 8th day of the march. Port-Royal, Jamaica, April 13, 1780. Aug. 6. This morning, about seven o'clock, "SIR,

the purter of the Tartar East-indiaman, Capt. “ I Want words to express to your Ex. Fiott, arrived at the Ealt-India house, with an cellency my just sense of your polite letter, of account of the safe arrival, off East-Bourn, of the delicate manner in which you made it be de the above ship, from Coast and Bay. She failed livered, and your generous conduct towards the from St. Helena, in company with the following LOND. Mag. Aug. 1783.




fhips, the 8th of June, for Europe, and parted for this purpose, hereby fummon the honourable with them the 23d of the same month under the the Delegates composing the Congress of tha. line, viz, the Neptune, Capt. Scott; the Royal United States, and every of them, to meet in Admiral, Capt. Huddart; the Rochford, Capt. Congress, on Thursday the 26th Day of June inft. Tod; the Lord Mulgrave, Capt. Urmston; the at Princeton, in the State of New Jersey, in Deptford, Capt. Elkington; and the Locko, order that further and more effectual measures Capt. Lawson, which thips are all fince arrived. may be taken for suppressing the present revolt, They left at St. Helena, the Saville, Capt. and maintaining the dignity and authority of the

; the Walpole, Capt. Churchill; and the United States, of which all officers of the United Raymond, Capt. Hall, who all arrived there States, civil and military, and all others whom it from England in May,

may concern, are desired to take notice and go

vern themselves accordingly. AMERICA.

“ Given under iny hand and seal at Phifa. THE American newspapers still continue to

delphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, be filled with refolutions against the Loy.

this 24th of June, in the year of our alists. When the winds are laid, the waves do

Lord, 1783, and of our Sovereignty and not immediately fubfide into a calm, and thus,

Independence the seventh.

« ELIAS BOUDINOT." though the object of contention is now no more, and all acts of hotility have ceased for some time,

THE ROYAL GAZETTE EXTRA, the minds of men, in America, are still agitated by

ORDINARY the baleful paffions of private enmity and revenge, which civil war never fails to engender.

New-York, July 12, 1783. As every collective or separate resolution of the A CIRCULAR LETTER from his ExcelAmerican States is, at present, of importance, we LENCY GEORGE WASHINGTON, Com. mean to lay their face papers before our readers, mander in Chief of the Armies of the UNITED as fast as the bounds of our political department STATES OF AMERICA, dated June the will admit.. What we have felccted for our pretent 18th, 1783. Nunber, are clearly entitled w the preference. From 1X PENNSYLVANIA PACKET. Head-Quarters, Nuruburgh, June 18, 1783. Philadelphia, June 26, 1783.

SIR, HIS Exceleney Elias, Boudinot, Erg. Pre THE great object, for which I had the hofident of the United States in Congress, has itlued nour to hold an appointment in the service the following proclamation by their order: of my country, being accomplished, I am now

Whereas a body of armed foldiers in the preparing to resign it into the hands of Congrels, service of the United States, and quartered in the and return to that domestic retirement, which, barracks of this city, having mutinously re

it is well known, I left with the greatest renounced their ebedience to their officers, did on

luctance-a reurement for which I have never Saurday the 24t day of this inftant proceed, under cealed to ligh through a long and painful absence, the direction of their serjeants, in a bottle and in which (remote from the noise and trouble of threatening manner, to the place in which Con the worlu) I meditate to pass the remainder of my greis were allembled, and did furround the fame life in a state of undiiturbed repole ; but, before wach. guards : and whereas Congress, in confe I carry this resolution into effect, I think it a quence thereaf, did on the same day resolve- duty incumbent on me to make this my last ..That the president and fupreme executive official communication, to congratulate you on council of this state should be informed, that the the glorious events, which Heaven has been authenicy of the United States having been that pleased to produce in our favour, to offer my lenday grolly, inluled, by.che disorderly and menacing timents, respecting fome important fubjects, appearance at a body of armed soldiers about the which appear to me to be intima coly eonnected place within which Congress were allembled; and with the tranquillity of the United States, to that the peace of this city being endangered by take my leave of your Excellency as a public the mutnous Jilpofition of the laid troops then character, and to give any tinal blefling to that in the barracks, it was, in the opinion of Cone country, in whose lervice I have spent the prime grela, necetsary that cttectual mealures thould be of my life, for whose fake I have consumed to immediately taken for lupporting the publick many anxious days and watchful nights, and authority: '-And allo, whereas Congrets did, at whole happiness, being extremely dear to me the same time, appoint a committee to conter will always.conititute no inconfiderable part of my with the laid prelident and supreme executive council, and the practic ability of carrying the said Impreiled with the liveliest fenfibility on this resolution into due effect; and also, whereas the pleasing occasion, I will claim the indulgence of laid commitee have reported to me, that they dilating the more copioully on the subject have not received fatisfactory alurances for ex mutual felicitation. . When we consider the maga pecting adequate and prompt exertions of this nitude of the prize we contended for, the doubts State for suppurung die dignity of the federal ful nature of the content, and the favourable government; and allo, whereas the said soldiers manner in which it has terminated, we shall find itill continue in a state of open mutiny and re the greatest poflible realou for gratitude and revolt, so that the dignity and authority of the joicing: this is a theme that will afford infinite United States, would be conitantly exposed to a delight to every benevolent and liberal mind, wherepetition of insult, while Coagrefs înail con. ther the event in contemplation be confidered as tinue to fit in this city: I do, therefore, by and the source of present enjoyment, or the parent of with the advice of the taid committee, and ace future happiness; and we faall have equal occae cording to the powers and authorities in me scited fion to felicitate ourselves on the lot which Provin




dence has afligned us, whether we view it in a ultimately be confidered as a bleffmg of a curse i natural, a political, or moral point of light. a blessing or a curse, not to the present age

The citizens of America, placed in the molt alone, for with our fate will the destiny of unborn enviable condition, as the fole lords and pro- millions be involved. prietors of a vast tract of continent, comprehend With this convi&tion of the importance of the ing all the various foils and climates of the world, present crisis, Hence in ine would be a crime; I and abounding with all the neceffaries and con will therefore fpeak to your Excellency the lanveniencies of life, are now, by the late satisfac- guage of freedom and of fincerity, without dita tory pacification, acknowledged to be poffeffed of guile. I am aware, however, those who dittér absolute Freedom and Independency; they are, from me in political Sentiments may, perhaps, from this period, to considered as the actors on remark, I am stepping out of the proper litze of a molt conspicuous theatre, which seems to be my duty; and they may pothibly alcribe to arropeculiarly designed by Providence for the display gance or oftentation what I know is alone the of human greatness and felicity: here urey are refult of the pureft intention : but the rectitude not only furrounded with every thing that can of my own heart, which disdains fuch unworthy contribute to the completion of private and do- motives; the part I have hitherto acted in life ; mestic enjoyment, but Heaven has crowned all the determination I have formed of not taking its other blessings, by giving a furer opportunity any share in public business hereafter; the ardent for political happiness than any other nation has delire I feel, and shall continue to manifeft, of ever been favoured with. Nothing can illustratie quietly enjoying in private life, after all the coils these observations more forcibly than a recole of war, the benefits of a wife and liberal governtection of the happy conjuncture of times and ment, will; 1 flatter myself, sooner or later, circumstances, under which our Republic affumed convince my countrymen, that I could have no its rank among the nations. The foundation of finifter views in delivering, with fo little reserve, our empire was not laid in the gloomy age of the opinions contained in this address. ignorance and superstition, but at an epocha when There are four things, which, I humbly conthe rights of mankind were better understond, cewe, are ellential to the well-being, I may even and more clearly defined, than at any former venture to say, to the existence of the United period: researches of the human mind after fo- States, as an independent power. cial happiness have been carried to a great extent; Ilt. An indiffoluble union of the States under the treasures of knowledge acquired by the la one federal head. bours of philosophers, sages, and legillators, 2dly. A sacred regard to public justice. through a long succession of years, are laid open' 3dly. The adoption of a proper peace estava for use, and their collected wisdom may be haf- blishment. And, pily applied in the establithment of our forms of 4thly, The prevalence of that pacific and government: the free cultivation of letters, the friendly disposition among the people of the unbounded extension of commerce, the progrefe United States, which will induce them to forget live refinement of manners, the growing libera- their local prejudices and policies, to make thote lity of sentiment, and, above all, the pure and mutual conceflions which are requisite to the benign light of revelation, have had a meliorat- general prosperity, and, in some inttances, to ing influence on mankind, and increased the lacrifice their individual advantages to the interest bletlings of society. At this auspicious period the of the community. United States came into existence as a nation, These are the pillars on which the glorious faand if their citizens should not be completely free bric of our independency and national character and happy, the fault will be entirely their own. must be supported.--Liberty is the batis-and

Such is our situation, and such are our pro- whoever would dare to fap the foundation, or fpects; but notwithstanding the cup of bleiling overturn the structure, under whatever specious is thus reached out to us, notwithitanding hap- pretexts he may attémpt it, will merit the bitpiness is our's, if we have a disposition to seise the terest execration, and the fevereit punishment, occasion, and make it our own, yet it appears to which can be inflicted by his injured country. me, there is an option still left to the United On the three first articles I will make a few States of America, whether they will be re- observations, leaving the last to the good fenfe spectable and prosperous, or contemptible and and serious contideration of thofe immediately miserable as a nation ; this is the time of their concerned. political probation; this is the moment, when Under the first head, although it may not be the eyes of the whole world are turned upon necessary or proper for me, in this place, to enter them; this is the moment to establish or ruin into a particular disquisition of the principles of their national character for ever; this is the fa. the union, and to take up the great question vourable moment to give such a tone to the which has been frequently agitated, whether it federal government, as will enable it to answer be expedient and requifite for the States to delethe ends of its institution or this may be the gate a larger propordon of power to Congress, or ill-fated moment for relaxing the powers of the not; yet it will be a part of my duty, and that Union, annihilating the cement of the Confede- of every true patriot, to allert, without referve, tation, and exposing us to become the sport of and to inlitt upon the following positions European politics, which may play one itatc That unless the States will futter Congreis to againit another, to prevent their growing im- exercise those prerogatives they are undoubtedly portance, and to serve their own interested pur- invested with by the conftitution, every thing poses; for, according to the system of policy the mult very rapidly tend to anarchy and confulion. States thalí adopt at this moment, they will stand That it is indispensible to the happiness of the or fall--and, by their confirmation or lapfe, it individual States, that there should be lodged, is yet to be decided, whether the revolution must fomewhere, a supreme power to regulate and


govern the general concerns of the confederated duty is plain before us; honesty will be found, republic, without which the union cannot be of on every experiment, to be the best and only truc long duration.

policy. Let us, then, as a nation be just; let us That there must be a faithful and pointed fulfil the public contracts which Congress had uncompliance, on the part of every State, with the doubtedly a right to make for the purpose of carlate proposals and demands of Congress, or the rying on the war, with the same good faith we most fatal consequences will ensue.--That what suppose ourselves bound to perforin our private ever measures have a tendency to diffolve the engagements. In the mean time, let an attention union, or contribute to violate or leffen the so to the chearful performances of their proper vereign authority, ought to be considered as hostile bufiness as individuals, and as members of loto the liberty and independency of America, and ciety, be earnestly inculcated on the citizens of the authors of them treated accordingly–And America; then will they strengthen the hands of lastly, that unless we can be enabled, by government, and be happy under its protection. concurrence of the States, to participate of the Every one will reap the fruit of his labours; fruits of the revolution, and enjoy the essential every one will enjoy his own acquisitions, with benefits of civil society, under a form of govern out moleftation and without danger. ment so free and uncorrupted, so happily guarded In this state of absolute freedom and perfect against the danger of oppreslion, as has been de security, who will grudge to yield a very little of vised and adopted by the articles of confederation, his property to support the common interests of it will be a subject of regret, that so much blood society, and ensure the protection of governa and treasure have been lavished for no purpose; ment? Who does not remember the frequent dethat, so many sufferings have been encountered clarations at the commencement of the war without a compensation, and that so many fa. that we should be completely satisfied, it at the crifices have been made in vain. Many other expence of one half we could defend the reconsiderations might here be adduced to prove, mainder of our poffeffions? Where is the man that, without an entire conformity to the spirit of to be found, who wishes to remain indebted for the union, we cannot exiit as an independent the defence of his own person and property to the power. It will be fufficient for my purpose to exertions, the bravery, and the blood of others, incntion but one or two, which seem to me of the without making one generous effort to repay the greatest importance.--It is only in our united debt of honqur and oi gratitude? In what part of character as an empire, that our independence the Continent shall we find any man, or body of is acknowledged, that our power can be regarded, men, who would not bluth to itand up, and proor our credit tupported among foreign nations. pole measures purposely calculated to rob the lolThe treatiss of the European powers with the dier of his ttipend, and the publick creditor of his United States of America will have no validity due ? And were it poilible that such a flagrant inon a dillution of the union. We shall be left itance of injustice could ever happen, would it not nearly in a ftate of nature, or we may tind, by excite the general indignation, and tend to bring our own unhappy experience, that there is a down, upon the authors of such measures, the natural and necefiary progreflion from the ex aggravated vengeance of heaven: If, atter all, trene oi anarchy to the extreme of tyranny; and a spirit of disunion, or a tempes of obstinacy and that arbitrary power is most easily established on perverseness thould manisett ittelt in any of the the ruins o: liberty abused to licentiousness. States; it such an ungracious disposition thould

As to the second article, which relpects the attempt to frustrate all the happy effects that performance of public justice, Congress have, in might be expected to tow from the union; if their late audreis to the United States, alınot there should be a refulai to comply with requiexhauited the subject; they have explained their fitions tor funds to discharge the annual intereit ideas to fully, and have entorced the obligations of the public debts, and it that refusal should rethe States are under to render complece juitice to vive all those jealousies, and produce all those evils all the public creditors with so much dignity and which are now happily removed, Congress, who energy, that, in my opinion, no real friend to have in all their transactions thewn a great dethe honour and independency of America can gree of magnanimity and justice, willitaud justi. hefitate a single moment respecting the propriety fied in the light of God and man! And that State of complying with the jutt and honourable mea alone, which puts iveli in opposition to the age fures proposed; if their argumen's do not pro gregate wisdom of the Continent, and follows duce craviction, I know or nothing that will luch mistaken and pernicious councils, will be have g cater influence, especially when we reo responsible for all the consequences. collect dat the systein referred to, being the re For my own part, conscious of having acted, sult of the collected widom of the continent, while a servant of the public, in the manner ! muit be esteemed, if not perfect, certainly the conceived beit suited to promote the real intereits leuit objectionable of any that could be deviled; of my country; having, in coniequence oi my and that, it it Thall not be carried into imme. tixed beliet, in fome measure, pledged mytelt to diate exccution, a national bankruptcy, with all the army, that their country would finally do its deplorable consequences, will take place be- them complete and ample justice, and not withfore any different plan can poilibly be proposed ing to conceal any initance of my ofhcial conduct or adopted; so pretling are the present circum from the eyes of the world, I have thought proper Itances, and such is the alternative now oifered to transmit to your Excellency the inclosed colto the States,

lection of papers, relative to the half-pay and The ability of the country to discharge the commutation granted by Congress to the officers debts which have been incurred in its defence of the army: from thele communications, my is not to be doubted. An inclination, I thitter decided jentiments will be clcarly comprehended, myself, will not be wancing; the path of our together with the conclusive reasons which inc



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duced me, at an early period, to recommend the be known, to interest the feelings of humanity adoption of this measure in the most earneit and in their behalf; nothing but a punctual payment serious manner. As the proceedings of Con- of their annual allowance can rescue them from grefs, the army, and myself, are open to all, the most complicated mifery; and nothing could and contain, in my opinion, fufficient informa- be a more melancholy and distressing fight, than tion to remove the prejudices and errors which to behold those who have shed their blood, or

may have been entertained by any, I think it lost their limbs in the service of their country, unnecessary to say any thing more, than just to without a fhelter, without a friend, and without observe, that the resolutions of Congress, now the means of obtaining any of the comforts or alluded to, are as undoubtedly and absolutely neceflaries of life, compelled to beg their daily binding upon the United States, as the most so bread from door to door. Suffer me to recomlemn acts of confederation or legisation.

mend those of this description, belonging to your As to the idea, which I am informed, has, in State, to the warmeit patronage of your Excelsome instances, prevailed, that the half-pay and lency and your legislature. commutation are to be regarded merely in the It is neceffary to fay but a few words on the odious light of a penfion, it ought to be exploded third topic which was proposed, and which refor ever : That provision should be viewed, as it gards particularly the defence of the Republic; really was, a reasonable compensation offered by as there can be little doubt but Congress will Congress, at a time when they had nothing elle recommend a proper peace establishment for to give to officers of the army, for services then the United States, in which a due attention will to be performed: it was the only means to pre be paid to the importance of placing the militia vent a total dereliction of the service : it was a of the Union upon a regular and respectable part of their hire: I may be allowed to say, it footing; if this should be the case, I should beg was the price of their blood, and of your indepen- leave to urge the great advantages of it in the dency; it is therefore more than a common debt; trongest terms. it is a debt of honour; it can never be confidered The militia of this country must be considered as a penfion, or gratuity, nor cancelled until it as the palladium of our security, and the firit is fairly discharged.

erfectual resort in case of hottility : it is effenWith regard to the distinction between officers tial, therefore, that the same system thould and soldiers, it is suficient that the unitorm ex pervade the whole; that the formation and dif

perience of every nation of the world, combined cipline of the militia of the Continent should be (with our own, proves the utility and propriety of ablolutely uniform; and that the same species of

the discrimination. Rewards in proportion to arms, accoutrements, and military apparatus, the aids the public draws from them are un Thould be introduced in every part of the United questionably due to all its servants. In some States. No one, who has not learned it from lines, the soldiers have, perhaps, generally had experience, can conceive the difficulty, expente, as ample compensation for their services, by the and confusion which result from a contrary large bounties which have been paid them, as system, or the vague arrangements which have their officers will receive in the propoled commu hitherto prevailed. tation; in others, if, besides the donation of If, in treating of political points, a greater latiland, the payment of arrearages of clothing and tude than usuai has been taken in the course of this wages (in which articles all the component parts address, the importance of the crisis, and the magor the army must be put upon the time footing) nitude of the abjects in discussion, must be my apowe take into the ettimate the bounties many of logy: It is, however, neither my with nor expectathe foldiers have received, and the gratuity of tion, that the preceding observations should chain one year's full pay, which is promised to all, any regard, except fo far as they shall appear to be pollibly their situation (every circumstance being dičtated by a good intention; confonant to the duly considered) will not be deemed less eligible immutable rules of juitice; calculated to produce than that of the officers. Should a further re a liberal fyítem of policy, and founded on whatward, however, be judged equitable, I will ven ever experience may have been acquired by a long ture to affert no man will enjoy greater satis and close attention to public bufiness. Here faction than myself, in an exemption from taxes might speak with more contidence, from my for a limited time (which has been petitioned actuai observations; and if it would not swell for in some instances) or any other adequate im- this letter (already too prolix) beyond the bounds munity or compentation granted to the brave I had prescribed myself, I could demonstrate to defenders of their country's cause. But neither every mind open to conviction, that in less time, the adoption or rejection of this proposition will and with much less expence than has been inin any manner antect, much less muitate againtt curred, the war might have been brought to the the act of Congreis, by which they have offered fame happy conclufion, if the resources of the five years full pay, in lieu of the hali-pay for Continent could have been properly called forth : life,' which had been before promited to the that the distrelies and dilappointments which officers of the army.

have very often occurred, have, in too many Before I conclude the subject of public justice, instances, resulted more from a want of energy I cannot omit to mention the obligations this in the Continental Government, than a deficountry is under to that meritorious class of vete

ciency of means in the particular States : That rans, the non-commissioned officers and privates, the inefficacy of measures, arising from the want who have been discharged for inability, in con of an adequate authority in the supreme power, fequence of the refolution of Congress, of the from a partial compliance with the requisitions of 231 of April, 1782, on an annual pention for Congreis in some of the States, and from a failure ute: their peculiar sufferings, their fingular of punctuality in others, while they tended to nests and claims to that provition, aeed only to damn the zeal of those who were more willing to


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