« PredošláPokračovať »
be described. The force of the earth- earthquake, overlooking the plain, quake was so great there, that all the in-- when feeling the shock, and turning habitants of the towns were buried towards the plain, initead of the town, either alive or dead under the ruins of he saw in the place of it a thick cloud their houses in an instant. The town of white dust like smoke, the natural of Polistene was large, but ill situated effect of the crushing of buildings, and between two rivers subject to overflow: the mortar flying off. 2100 out of about 6000 lost their lives From hence I went through the here the fatal 5th of February. The towns of Caftellace and Milicusco (both Marquis St. Giorgio, the baron of this in the same condition as Casal Nuovo). country, whom I found here, was well to Terra Nuova, situated in the fame employed in assisting his tenants. He lovely plain, between two rivers, had caused the streets of his ruined town which, with the torrents from the to be cleared of rubbish, and had erected mountains, have, in the course of ages, barracks on a healthy spot near it, for cut deep and wide chasms in the foft the remainder of his subjects, and on a sandy clay soil of which the whole good plan. He had also constructed plain is composed. At Terra Nuova barracks of a larger size for the filk- the ravine or chasm is not less than worms, which I found already at work 500 feet deep, and three quarters of a in them. This prince's activity and mile broad. What causes a confusion generosity is most praise-worthy, and, in all the accounts of the phenomena as far as I have seen hitherto, he is produced by this earthquake in the without a rival. I observed, that the plain, is, the not having fufficiently town of St. Giorgio, on a hill about explained the nature of the foil and fitwo miles from Polistene, though ren tuation. They tell you that a town dered uninhabitable, was by no means has been thrown a mile from the place levelled like the towns in the plains. where it stood, without mentioning a There was a nunnery at Polistene: be- word of a ravine: that woods and corn ing curious to see the nuns that had fields had been removed in the same escaped, I asked the Marquis to Thew manner, when, in truth, it is but upon me their barracks; but, it seems, only a large scale, what we fee every day one out of twenty-three had been dug upon a smaller, when pieces of the out of her cell alive, and she was four- fides of hollow ways, having been unscore years of age. After having dined dermined by rain waters, are detached with the Marquis in his humble bar- into the bottom by their own weight. sack, near the ruins of his very magni- Here, from the great depth of the raficent palace, I went through a fine vine, and the violent motion of the wood of olive, and another of chesnut earth, two huge portions of the earth, trees, to Casal Nuovo, and was fhewn which a great part of the town the spot on which stood the house of food, confilling of some hundreds of my unfortunate friend the Princess houses, were detached into the ravine, Gerace Grimaldi, who, with more than and nearly across it, about half a mile four thousand of her subjects, lost her from the place where they stood; and life by the sudden explosion of the 5th what is moft extraordinary, several of of February (for fo it appears to have the inhabitants of those houses, who been) that reduced this town to atoms. had taken this singular leap in them, I was told by some here, who had been were, nevertheless, dug out alive, and dug out of the ruins, that they felt their fome unhurt. I spoke to one myself houses fairly lifted up, without having who had taken this extraordinary jourhad the least previous notice. In other ney in his house, with his wife and a towns some walls and parts of houses maid servant: neither he nor his maid are standing; but here you neither servant were hurt; but he told me his distinguish itreet nor houses: all lie in wife had been a little hurt, but was one confused heap of ruins. An in now nearly recovered. I happened to babitant of Cafal Nuovo told me, he ask him, what hurt his wife had rewas on a hill at the moment of the ceived? His answer, though of a very
sy serious nature, will, nevertheless, I the water was falt, like that of the sea ; am sure, make you smile, Sir, as it but this circumstance seems to want
He said, she had both her confirmation. The same reason I have legs and one arm broken, and that she given for the sudden difappearing of had a fracture on her skull, so that the the river Metauro at Rosarno will acbrain was visible. It appears to me count for the like phenomenon here, that the Calabresi have more firmness and in every part of the country where than the Neapolitans; and they really the rivers dried up at the moment of seem to bear their excessive present mis- the earthquake. The whole town of fortune with a true philosophic pati- Mollochi di Sotto, near Terra Nuova, ence.
Of 1600 inhabitants at Terra was likewise derached into the ravine, Nuova, only 400 escaped alive. My and a vineyard of many acres near it guide there, who was a priest and phy- lies in the bottom of the ravine, as I lician, had been shut up in the ruins saw, in perfect order, but in an inof his house by the first shock of the clined fituation; there is a foot-path carthquake, and was blown out of it, through this vineyard, which has a and delivered, by the succeeding Mock, fingular effect, confidering its present which followed the first immediately. impracticable situation. Some water There are many well-attested inftances mills, that were on the river, having of the same having happened elsewhere been jammed between two such dein Calabria. In other parts of the tached pieces as above described, were plain situated near the ravine, and near lifted up by them, and are now seen the town of Terra Nuova, 1 faw many on an elevated situation, many feet acres of land with trees and corn-fields above the level of the river. Without that had been detached into the ravine, the proper explanations it is no wonand often without having been over- der that such facts should appear miturned, so that the trees and crops raculous. I observed in several parts were growing, as well as if they had of the plain, that the soil with timber been planted there. Other such pieces trees and crops of corn, consisting of were lying in the bottom, in an inclined many acres, had funk eight and ten situation; and others again that had feet below the level of the plain; and been quite overturned. In one place, in others again I perceived it had risen two of these immense pieces of land as many. It is neceffary to remember, having been detached opposite to one that the soil of the plain is a clay mixanother, had filed the valley, and stop- ed with fand, which is easily moulded ped the course of the river, the wa- into any shape. In the plain, near the ters of which were forming a great spots from whence the above-mentionlake: and this is the true state of what ed pieces had been detached into the the accounts gention of mountains that ravine, there were several parallel had walked, and joined together, stop- cracks, so that had the violence of the ped the course of the river, and form- fhocks of the earthquake continued, ed a lake. At the moment of the these pieces also would have probably earthquake the river disappeared here, followed. I remarked constantly in as ac Rofarno, and returning soon af- all my journey, that near every ravine, ter, overflowed the bottom of the ra or hollow way, the parts of the plain vine about three feet in depth, fo that adjoining were full of large parallel the poor people that had been thrown cracks. "The earth rocking with vicwith their houses into the ravine from lence from side to side, and having a the cop of it, and had efcaped with support on one side only, accounts well broken bones, were now in danger of for this circumstance. being drowned. I was assured, that
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, OPE remarked, that an honest man then unites fplendid abilities and en.
the work charity mighty! When any human creature moral character, we may surely assert
that he approaches perfection as nearly might be exposed to daily impositions, as is allowed to mortality.
told him, that there was a room in his The literary talents of Dr. Johnson house, which was much at his service, have been long known. As a moral till he could provide himfelf with a betwriter he stands without a rival: as a ter. The offer was accepted. Levet critic, though inferior authors may ca became an inmate of the Doctor's favil, he has feldom, perhaps, been equal- mily. In his house he lived-and in led. These intellectual powers, how- his house he breathed his last, very ever, are his leaft praise: in worth and suddenly, in January, 1782, at the goodness, he shines almost without a advanced age of fourscore, but in full competitor. Those, who are fortunate possession of all his faculties. enough to be acquainted with him, His mind was not ill-furnished, and will instantly affent to the truth of this his thirst for knowledge was great. assertion. Thofe, whose partial know- His veneration for Dr. Johnson was ledge of him is gleaned from the daily excesive: it was built upon a just sense prints, or from conversation, will not, of his virtues and abilities, as well as I imagine, feel much inclined to doubt upon gratitude. His loss was severely it, when I mention the names of Mr. felt by his patron, whom he attended Levet, and Mrs. Williams. They both with the molt asliduous friendihip; and found in him an unalterable friend, afsifted all those nameless little wants, and in his house, an asylum in their which the eye of Affection can alone dirdistress, He was as remarkable for the cover, and the hand of Affection can unaffectedness of his character and the alone relieve. goodness of his heart, as she was for While the Doctor's mind was deprefpolished taste and lively conversation. sed by the loss of his favourite atten
Mr. Levet was a native of Hull in dant, he wrote the elegy on his death, Yorkshire. His history is fingular. which accompanies this little narrative. Many years ago, in the course of his Incorrect copies of this effusion of the business as an apothecary, he became most friendly regard have been distriunfortunately acquainted with a wo- buted: that which you will now reman of bad character, who, by pretend- ceive, is genuine*. ing strong affection, and pafling herself I am afraid that the loss of Mrs. off for a lady of family and fortune, Wiliams will be severely felt by Dr. inveigled him to marry her. What Johnson. He said, many years ago, became of this female we never heard: when he published his Dictionaryt, poor Levet, however, foon found his that he had protracted his work, till little shop ftripped, either in order to most of those whom he wished to fatisfy the demands of her rapacious please had funk into the grave. His creditors, or by the hands of this worth own illness in the spring must have less creature herself.
rendered him less able to bear these In the hour of misfortune, he flew misfortunes. His strength of mind, to Johnson. In him Levet found the however, as well as the re&titude of true neighbour! Listen, ye who calum- his principles, will unite in supporting niate fùch a character! Attend to the him; and I hope that his pen will tale, ye who roll in affluence! --- and again delight the public, by uniting then, go and do likewise.”
entertainment with instruction. The Doctor pitied his hard case, I am, Sir, your's, &c. and, knowing that such a character
S. Y. * See the Poetry. + Preface to Dr. Johnson's Di&tionary.
Α Ν Ε C D Ο Τ Ε. A Very ambitious French ecclefiastic, ble than a violent cough. Upon which
a French marquis, celebrated for his to Rome, in hopes of obtaining a car- wit, remarked, that it was not at all dinalhip. His views, however, were furprizing that he caught cold, as he disappointed, and he returned to Paris, bad travelled from Rome without a hat. with no other recompence for his troue
PO E T R Y.
Born to befriend the beft, and bless the brave
THOMAS HASTINGS. On the completion of his Minority, August, 12, 1783.
An ADDRESS Spoken by Mr. PRESSLEY, a: A I R.
ibe Tbeatre Royal, Richmond, in ibe character CHE
of Hurlequin, on August 30, 1783. And ripe Auguftus' tunetul train,
"ROM Norwich to Richmond I came in a crack, The Mule's sacred, folemn long engage; Long as the trumpet voice of fame
get back? Bids blazon round Britannia's name,
The ftages: O no; by the wind and the tide,
Before I go iarther, your faces I'll scan,
I lee you're good humour'd, aye, all to a man:
But finit it were just I the fair ones addreis,
As a beau, tho'a itranger, I cannot do less.
Nay, frown not, I pray, at this dark-looking face,
[Printing to bis mulk
This calc is proof against all sorts of weather, "Twas Heaven! OMNIPOTENCE alone! 'twas he
Not a fine blooming red, but a varnish'd black leather:
(pale, Whose word luipends the raging of the sea
Neither kisses nor groans makes me blush or look
Whilst my delicate face is hid under a veil.
Tho' descended am I from an old mouy tribe,
Whom no pention or title to speak could ere bribe; The ire of juitice-hov'ring o'er his head Yet good manners so much on the present age creer, The tyrant bow'd-he fled—he Tunk in death! That no longer I'm filent, and venture to peep. AI R.
[Puts up bis majk. Then Wisdom, to complete the perfect plan,
Good ladies I'm your's: kind Sirs, your obedient,
[To the boxes and pit. Chose blissful BRUNSWICK!-Britons hail'd
To merit your favour is my next expedient.
(To the gallery.
Mr. Johnson to night does to wonders aspire,
And lends for his friend to get into the fire.
[Points to tbe fiery bogfead.
Oh, friendship! how warm and sincere is thy flame, TRIO.
When it glows with such heat, who can lay 'tis a Mature as August's copious train,
(praife; Or fragrant fruit, or golden grain,
Oh! Ambition! how great when we thirit after
knights of the bow,
Pray, play a soft air, or a dance, ere I go.
To your tweet gentle strains, thro' the Hames I'll
my way pick, Till lourd experience can confess,
And retum back to Norwich thro' fire by mufick, That“ Wildon's ways are pleasantness,
(Leaps through the fiery bogthead. “ And all her paths are peace.” AIR and CHORUS.
THE KNIGHT AND THE ESQUIRE;
OR, BOB AND FRANK.
A. EXCELLENT NEW BALLAD.
THEN as King George in Great-Britain
The second of Hanover race,
No foe would he fight, and no friend would he The gallants to him were no better than fools 1pare,
That rob under the Greenwood tree. But had ruin'd full many a score;
No door in the kingdom was fate from his tools, His oaths and his curles would make a man stare Nor cheft from his picklocks free. That had never seen him before.
For right and for wrong not a foule did he care, His name it was Frank, and he daily would fin Of his betters if he got rid,
With ought in a woman's shape; [hand in, And would handle a bishop * more roughly by far, He made thift with plain work to keep his Than ever his namefako did. But of all things he lov'd a rape.
He would plunder the rich, and the poor would By cheating and pimping he gold would procure,
oppress, And in law and in gaming would trick;
Whosoever his will gainsaid;
For he mortally hated a maid.
To his sovereign thus quoth he,
It is that your highness's grace would save To serve him by day—and by night.
My friend from the gallows tree. His will for to gain, he stopp'd her mouth hard, He deserves well a halter, the King then he said, That aloud the could not roar;
For, unless I am much beguilid, But he did not to well stop her mouth afterward, A good word in his life time he never yet had, Whatever he did before.
From man, or woman, or child. For as soon as this lafs from his clutches got free "Tis no matter for that, quoth Sir Knighthood so She bellow'd with might and main;
bold, And th' Esquire to no purpose went over the sea, For it that a rule should be, Because he came back again.
There are lome that your highness full dear doth For when back he was come he was had to the bar,
hold, And as soon as his story was told, (were)
Misht be hang d as well as he.
And blew three blatts with Ipeed,
The found it didecho through dole and through hill, But the Council refus’d the thing,
And was heard beyond the Tweed. Because that small honour to Britain it was, The loons of the North trom fair Scotland they hied, Any more than to Britain's King.
As nimble as loons might be ; The Recorder the crimes of poor rogues did report,
And knights of all forts they were foon by his fide, But of Frank not a tittle fet down, [court,
And nobles of high degiee. For how thould he know what he heard in the
The baldricks of some were of reddish hue, Till the judges were come town?
Full gorgeous for to be seen, Now, tho' Francis was sentenc'd, till further he
And the colours of some as the tkie was blue, tried,
And some as the grass was green. For his bribes would prevail he knew.
These merry men soon to their business did fall, " It is good to be taking," the Scotiman he cried,
Their tellow from hanging to save, And the Englithman cried so too.
A pardon, a pardon, they cried one and all,
For a pardon we must have.
But I fear should I hang up this Northern blade Of mourning for his fake.
His tellows would hang up me. The gallows did make as comely a sight
But now, tho'poor Frank had his life thus obtain'd, As your heart could well delire;
His estate it forfeited was, Unless it had been equipp'd with a knight So Bob gives a petition up with his own hand, Attended with an esquire.
And leconds it with his own face. For by Francis Esquire, a knight errant there stood, A boon, O my liege, a boon once more, As errant as knight could be,
Quoth Sir knight upon his knee, A namesake he was to the bold Robinbood, It is that your highnels to Frank would restore, And a robber as well as he.
His chatteis that forfeited be.
Thy poems; and as far as we know it has never appeared in print. The heroes of the tale were Sir RoBERI WALPOLE, and the notorious FRANCIS CHARTRES who hath been damn'd to fame". by Pope and Arbuthnot. CHARTRES was tried for a rape and found guilty; but received a pardon from George the Second. Sir Robert was accused of having interfered in this unworthy business in a manner not to his credit. How far the acculation was right is not easily to be determined. It at least afforded a handle to the Tories and Jacobites to load that insnitter with additional calumny; of which this ballad is a fufficient proof.
We were favoured with the original manuscript of this song, in the hand writing of Sam. WESLEY, from a correspondent, whole productions have frequently entertained our readers.
* Bishop Atterbury.