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VII. His Catholick Majelty shall restore to
DECLARATION. Great Britain the iDands of Providence, and the THE new state in which commerce may pero Bahamas, without exception, in the same condi- haps be found, in all parts of the world, wu tion they were in when they were conquered by demand revisions and explanations of the subtite the arms of the King of Spain. The same ftipu. ing Treaties; but an entire abrogation of those lacions inferred in the fifth article of this Treaty Treaties, in whatever period it might be, would Mall take place in favour of the Spanish sub throw commerce into such confusion as would be jects, with regard to the islands mentioned in of infinite prejudice to it. the present article.
In some of the Treaties of this fort there are VIII. All the countries and territories, which not only articles which relate merely to conmay have been, or which may be conquered in merce, but many others which ensure reciprocal. any part of the world whatsoever, by the arms of ly, to the respective subjects, privileges, facilities his Britannick Majetty, as well as by those of for conducting their affairs, personal protections, his Catholick Majcity, which are not included in and other advantages, which are not, and which the present Treaty, neither under the head of ought not to be of a changeable nature, such as ceilions, nor under the head of restitutions, the regulations relating merely to the value of shall be restored without difficulty, and without goods and merchandic, variable from circumrequiring any compensation.
ítances of every kind. IX. Immediately after the exchange of the When, therefere, the state of the trade between ratifications, the two high contracting parties the two nations thall be treated upon, it is re. Thall name commissaries, to treat concerning quifite to be understood, that the alterations new arrangements of commerce between the two which may be made in the subtilting Treaties are nations, on the balis of reciprocity and mutual to extend only to arrangements merely commer. convenience; which arrangements thall be set- cial; and that the privileges and advantages, tled and concluded within the space of two mutual ind particular, be not only preferved on years, to be computed from the ist of January, each lide, but even augmented, it it can be done. 1784.
In this view, his Majeity has contented to the X. As it is necessary to appoint a certain pe. appointment of commitiaries on each side, wba riod for the reftitutions and evacuations to be Thall treat solely upon this object. made by each of the high contracting parties, Done at Verlailles, the third of September, it is agreed, that the King of Great-Britain thall One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eightycaufe Eait-Florida to be evacuated three months
three. after the ratification of the prefent Treaty, or
(L. S.) MANCHESTER. sooner, if it can be done. The King of GreatBritain thall, in like manner, enter again into COUNTER-DECLARATION. pofletion of the islands of Providence, and the THE Catholick King, in propofing new ar. Bahamas, without exception, in the space of rangements of commerce, has had no other dethree months after the ratification of the present fign than to remedy, by the rules of reciprocity treaty, or sooner, if it can be done. In conte- and mutual convenience, whatever may be dequence whereof, the necessary orders shall be fective in preceding Treaties of Commerce. The sent by each of the high contracting parties, with King of Great Britain may judge from thence, reciprocal pallports for the ships which shall carry that the intention of his Catholick Majesty is not them, immediately after the ratification of the in any manner to cancel all thu ftipulations corpresent Treaty:
tained in the above-mentioned Treaties; he deXI. Their Britannick and Catholick Majefties clares, on the contrary, from herceforth, that he promise to observe fincerely, and bona fidi, all the is difpoled to maintain all the privileges, faci. articles contained and eitablished in the present lities, and advantages expressed in the old Treas treaty; and they will not lutier the fame to be ties, as far as they thall be reciprocal, or cominfringed, directly or indirectly, by their respec- peniated by equivalent advantages. It is to altive Tubjects; and the said high contracting par- tain this end, detired on each side, that caitties guaranty to each other, generally and recipro- Initlaries are to be named to treat upon the itate cally, all the itipulations of the present Treaty of trade between the two nations, and that a
XII. The folemn ratifications of the present contiderable space of time is to be allowed for *Treaty, prepared in good and due form, shall be completing their work. His Catholick Majesty exchanged in this city of Versailles, between the hopes that this object will be purlued with the high contracting parties, in the space of one fame good faith, and with the same spirit of conmonth, or tooner, if pollible, to be computed ciliation, which have presided over the discuition from the day of the signature of the present Treaty of all the other points included in the Definitive
In witness whereuf, we, the underwritten Treaty; and his tard Majelty is equally contiambafiadours, extraordinary, and ministers pleni- dent, that the respective committaries will copotentiary, have ligned with our hands, in their ploy the utinait diligence for the completion of names, and by virtue of our respective full this important work. powers, the prefent Definitive Treaty, and have caused the leals of our arms to be affixed thereto. Dore at Versailles the third of September,
Done at Versailles, the third day of Sep- One Thousand Sevenllundred and Eighty-
MANCHESTER: (L. S.) LE COMTE D'ARANDA. (L. S.) LE COMTE D'ARANDA.
THE MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER. ;
by sea as land, and in all places whatsoever; a fire broke out at a brafier's, near Gun- subjects to take notice hereof, and conforin their dock, Wapping, which burnt very fiercely till selves thereunto accordingly. near one, the tide being down, so that the en- Given at our Court at St. James's, the gines could not get any water for upwards of 26th of September, 1783, in the 231 two hours. Near forty houses were entirely de. year of our reign. stroyed, and ten or twelve greatly damaged. A
GOD (ave the KING, servant maid, three children, an alehouse boy, This day's Gazette also contains his Majesty's and two men alliiting the fufferers perished in the proclamation for the further prorogation of parfames. Two houtes fell among the engines, liament, from Thursday the 16th of October, and buried several of the tiremen under the to Tuesday the 11th of November next; then ruins, but they were luckily all dug out alive, to meet for the consideration of divers weighty though greatly bruited; one of the tiremen be- and important affairs, and the members of both longing to the New Fire Office, in Lombarde Houses are required to attend accordingly. Street, was so much hurt that he died next day.
This being Michaelmas-day; a common-hall The Lord-Mayor, attended by Aldermen Hal- was held for the election of a Lord-Mayor for lifax, E:daile, Peckham, Hart, Wright, Kit- the year enluing.--At elever o'clock the Lordos chen, Gill, Turner, Boydell, Wilkes, the the Mayor and the following aldermen met in the ritfs, deputy-recorder, and near 200 common- Council-chamber, Guildhall, viz. Alsop, Crosby, councilmen, &c. went in proceflion to St. Wilkes, Hallifax, Plomer, Peckham, Wrighi, James's, and presented the following address to Sainíbury, Burnell, Kitchen, Gill, Pickett, Boyher Majeity :
dell, and Hopkins, with the deputy-recorder, *To ibe QUEEN's Most Excellent Majesty, and city officers; from whence they proceeded The humble Address of the Lord-Mayor, Alder- to St. Laurence's church, where a crinon was
men, and Commons of the City of London, in preached by the Lord-Mayor's chaplain. After Common-Council assembled:
divine service, they returned to the Council. * Mažy it please your Majesty,
chamber, and at half past one o'clock went upon “We, the Lord-Mayor, Aldermen, and the hustings, where the Recorder opened the buCommons of the city of London, in Commons finess of the day, observing that Alderman Pockcouncil assembled, humbly beg leave to approach ham was last year, when they made choice of your Majetty with the most lincere congratula- him, in a bad itate of health, and unable to takie tions upon the birth of another Princess, and upon him the raid office, but, being now reyour Majesty's happy recovery.
covered from his indisposition, was willing to “ Permit us, further, Madam, to congratı- serve the said office: all the aldermen below the late your Majetty upon his Royal Highness the chair who had served the office of theriff being Prince of Wales having attained his age of 21 put up, the fhow of hands appeared for the Alyears, and we sincerely hope and trust that he dermen Peckham and Clarke, who were rewill fill the important station to which he is turned to the Court of Aldermen for their choice called with dignity to himself and prosperity to of one of them, which fell opon Mr. Peckham, his country.”
as being the next in rotation. Accordingly, he To which Address her Majesty was pleased to was declared duely elected, and having received return the following moit gracious answer : the city regulia, addrefied the livery in a hand
“ I thank you for your congratulations lome specch. on the birth of another Princess, on my recovery,
WEDNESDAY, 087. 1. and on the Prince of Wales having attained the This day at one o'clock the King's proclamaage of 21 years.
tion of the Definitive Treaty being ligned at VerThey were all received very graciously, and failles, the 3d of September, between England, had the honour of killing her Majeity's hand. France, and Spain, and of the ratifications being SATURDAY, 27.
exchanged the 19th, was read at the RoyalBy the KING.
Exchange gate by Mr. Bishof, the common cryer A PROCLAMATION.
of this city, attended by some city ofnicers, and GEORGE R.
was afterwards fuck up in divers parts., WHEREAS a Definitive Treaty of Peace
SATURDAY, 4. and Friendihip, between us, the Moit Christian This morning early the convicts under sentence King, and the King of Spain, hath been cone of tranfportation in Newgate, about 8o in numcluded at Versailles on the 3d instant, and the ber (upwards of 50 of whom had received the miifzations thereof have been exchanged upon royal mercy on that conditiop) were taken froin the 19th instant; in conformity thereunto we Newgate, and put on board a lighter at Black. have thought fit hereby to command that the Friars-bridge, which proceed with them to fame be published throughout all our dominions. Blackwall, where they were lipped on board And we do declare to all our loving subjects our the transport veflel provided by well. Çampbell. will and pleasure, that the said Treaty of Peace In their way trom the prison they behaved in a pand Friendihip be observed inviolabiy, as well most unruly and daring manner, and when put
3 A 2
on board began to brçak the collars by which they
Serjeant-Trumpeter. were latteaed, which they did with much seem
Pursuivants. ing eale, declaring for liberty, and exhorting
Horse-Guards. each other to rehit awiul authority, and threaten
Serjeant ing deltruction to all oppolers, on which a lort of at Arms. King at Arms. lat Arms. engagement began, in which three of the ringe At Charing Cross, the Officer at Arms next is leaders were shot, two of whom are fince dead, rank to him who read at St. James's, read the and the other wounded 01?gclourly through the Proclamation a second time, looking towards neck; the reit were with dithcuity secured under Whitehall : the procellion then moved on with the hatches.
little interruption to Temple-Bar, the gates of One oi the King's messengers, dispatched by which were ihut, where it waited about an hour his Graçe the Duke of Manchester, arrived at for the Lord-Mayor, the progrels of the city St. James's this day, with the ratification, on procession being intercepted by the valt number the part of the States-General of the United of carriages crowding the streets from the ManProvinces, of the Preliminary Articles, tigned at fion-house to Temple-Bar. His lordship being Paris on the 2d of September last, which was arrived, the junior officer at arms, coming out of exchanged with his Grace against his Majesty's the rank between two trumpeters, preceded by satifica ion, on the 29th of lait month, at Paris, two Horse Grenadiers to clear the way, rode up by se plenipotentiaries of their High Mighti- to the gates, and, after the trumpets had founded neiles.
thrice, knocked with a cane. Being asked by At half past lix o'clock in the evening, ano- the City Marthal from within, Wbo comes
nes there ther mercor, equally beautirul with tbat which He replied, The Officers at Arms, wéi deraard happened on the 18th of August, but not near enterance into the city, to publish bis Manny's lo large, was teen in the air, and took almost the Proclamation of Peace. The gates being opened fame direction as the former; the air was so ex- he was admitted alone, and the gates thut agaid. ceedingly light, whilst it lasted, as almoit totally The City Marshal, preceded by his officers, conto obscure the moon.
ducted him to the Lord-Mayor, to whom he MONDAY, 6.
showed his Majesty's warrant, which his Lord. This morning, at thirty-five minutes after ten, Ship having read returned, and gave dır.etions to the first troop of Grenadiers, and first troop of the City Marthal to open the gates, why attended Lite Guards, came to St. James's palace, where him back thereto, and, on the oificer at arms the first formed from opposite the palace gate leaving him, said, Sir, the gares are opened. The down Pall Mall, with their horses heads turned trumpets and grenadiers being in waiting, contowards the palace; the Life Guards were drawn ducted him to his place in the proceilion, which up from the palace gate, along St. James's-Itreet. then moved on into the city, the officers of At half past eleven a trumpet founded, on which Weitminster filing off and retiring as they came the King's heralds and purluivants at arms came to Temple-Bar, down Cleveland-row in the following order :
Procession from Temple-Bar:
Grenadier Guards, wili. their fwords drawn.
Knight Marshal's men, two and two.
Trumpets. Being come before the palace gate the officers
Serjeant-Trumpeter. at arms took off their hats, and the trumpets
Pursuivants. having founded thrice, the tenior officer present, Serjeant
Heralds. Serjeant attended on his left-hand by the next in rank, at Arms. S King at Arms.? at Arms, read the Proclamation aloud; after which the
City Marthal. officers of Westminster joined the procellion,
City Marthals' men, which moved on to Charing-Cross in the follow
Constables. ing order, the kettie-drums and trumpets playing
City Mutick on horseback, “ God tave the King:”
Band of Musick on foot.
City Marihal. Conitables of Weitminster, two and two, with
Aldermen Allop, Wright, Kitchen, Gill, Pickett, High Coastable, with his staff, on horseback. and Boydell, with the Deputy-Recorder. Oficer of the High Bailiff ot Weitminiter, with
Sheriffs Officers, with javelins. his white wand, on horleback.
Sheriff Turner, and the City Remembrancer,
Sheriffs Officers, with javelins.
Town Clerk and one of the City Council, Knight Marshal's ren, two and two,
Drums and Trumpets.
Horse Guards, who closed the Procession.
The Proclamation was then read a third time at Chancery-lane, and a fourth time at the end
of Wood-Street, where the cross formerly stood; of Great-Britain, to the adjustment made with
“”It will ever be my wish, as it is my duty,
quility is peculiarly favourable at this period, and This day both Houses of Parliament met, pur- will naturally give spirit and effect to your com. suant to their last prorogation, and were further mercial pursuits. Both kingdoms are now enaprorogued till the 12th of November next, then bled to deliberate with undivided attention on the to meet for the dispatch of business.
Turett means of increaling their profperity, and THURSDAY, 23.
reaping the certain fruits of reciprocal affection. A council was held this morning at the Coek- "I have the highest latisfaction in acquainting pit, relative to the conduct of Capt. Mackenzie, you of the increate of his Majeity's domestick late in command at one of the British forts in happiness by the birth of another princess. Africa, and who was brought home prisoner in « Gentlemen of the House of Commons, the Caton man of war, charged with the most “ I Have ordered the proper officers to in human murther of a ferjeant under his com- lay the national accounts before you; from them mand, when at a fort on the coat of Africa. ' you will be enabled to judge of the circumstances Several other charges were also brought againit of the kingdom; and I rely on your wisdom and him, the proofs of which bore such weight, that loyalty to make such provision as shall be fitting he was ordered to Newgate, to take his trial for for the honourable support of his Majcity's gothe same. SATURDAY, 25
My Lords and Gentlemen, This being the anniversary of the King's ac- “ The miseries of an approaching fa.ceflion to the throne, when his Majesty entered mine have been averted by the bleifing of Divine into the twenty-fourth year of his reign, the Providence upon the measures which the Privyguns in the Park and at the Tower were fired at Council advised; the good effects of which were one o'clock; and in the evening there were illu- soon visible in the immediate reduction of the minations, and other public denonitrations of price of grain, and the influx of a valuable and joy in London and Westminster.
necessary supply to the market. Any temporary infringement of the laws to effect such falutary
ends will, I doubt not, receive a parliamentary IRELAND.
fanction. Dublin, Ost. 13.
“ Among the many important objects which EACE with France and Spain was this day demand your attention, I recommend to your
consideration laws for regulating the judicature Com-Markei, Old Bridge, Ormond-Bridge, of the Court of Admiralty, and for making a and Eilex-Bridge, with the usual solemnity. new establishment of the Post-Office. Dublin-Caftle, 087. 14.
“ The linen manufacture being the staple of This day the parliament having met, ac- your country, it is needlcís for me to recommend cording to appointinent, his Excellency the perseverance in the improvement of that most Lord Lieutenant went in itate to the House of important article. Peers; and being feated on the throne with the The tithery on your coasts will claim your usual solemnity, his Excellency sent for the attention, as a promiting source of wealth to this Commons, and directed them to choose a kingdom; and the encouragements granted to Speaker; and they having unanimously elected it will no doubt be regulated by you in the the Right Hon. Edmund Sexton Pery, their late manner most likely to produce the best effect, Speaker, into that office, he was by them presented and least subject to fraud and imposition. to his Excellency and approved of, when the “ The Protestant Charter-Schools, an intitu. Speaker, contrary to the old mode, declared, in tion founded in wildom and humanity, are also a short but cloquent speech, his grateful feelings eminently entitled to your care. for the honour done him, and that he accepted “I recommend likewise to your attention, the the great and arduous talk with pleasure. His proposals adopted by government for providing Excellency then made the following speech: an asylum for the distreiled Genevans. It well My Lords and Gentlemien,
becomes the generosity of the people of Ireland “ IT is with more than ordinary satis- to extend their protection to ingenious and indufaction, that in obedience to his Majelty's com- strious men, who may prove a valuable acquimands I meet you, in tull potletfion and enjoyment lition to this country, which they have preferred
of those constitutional and commercial advan- to their own. But in forming this establish1 tages which have been so firmly ettablithed in your ment, you will doubtless contider it as a part of lait parliament, The Sacred regard, on the part your duty to avoid unnecessary expense, and
ultimately Edw. Gayer, We beseech your Majerty to accept our warm- His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant's anfwer: et congratulations, at the fuccess which has at- I Will take the earliest opportunity of froded your Majesty's anxious exertions to e. tranfmitting this dutiful and loyal addrels to be fore the blening of peace to your faithful people, laid before his Majelty. which mutt naturally give spirit and effect to our
ultimately to fecure the utmoft advantages to of increasing our common prosperity, 5 your country:
give every attention in our power, toe * 1 anticipate the greatest national benefits such measures as fhall effectually secure to from the wiijom and temper of parliament,
the folid benefits that muit arise from recip when I consider that the general election has al- affection. torded you an opportunity of observing the in: The happy increase of your Majesty' terual circumitances of the country, and of family, by the birth of a Princess, has 2: judeing by what regulations you may bett increase us all that heartfelt latistaction, which we :: its industry, encourage its manufactures, and ex- never fail to experience upon every increas. tend its commerce.
your Majesty's domettič happiness. " In the, furtherance of objects so very de
Conscious of the wildoin of those inealle. frreable to yourselves, I assure you of every good vised by the Privy Council, which, through disposition on my part; fenible that in no man- mercy of Divine Providence, have averted ner I can better fullil the wishes and commands the people the miferies of impending famix, of our gracious fovereign, than by contributing shall gratefully concur in a parliamentary iro. to the welfare and happiness of his loyal lub- tion of the means 'pursued by government jects. With an honest ambition of meriting prevent to dreadrul a calamity. your good opinion, and with the warmett hope We Thall aito most cheartully concur in retur of obtaining it, I have entered upon my prefeitlating the judicature of the Court of Admizi, arduous fituation; and with sentiments pure and as well as forming an establishment for the Pea ditinterested towards you, I claim your advice, Office. and firmly rely upon your support."
The improvement of our linen mama October 16.
muit ever be a principal object of our regard. The House of Lords and Commons having We are too sully convinced of the exitus relaived upon humble Addrefles to his Majesty, portance of the tihery on our coatts, onth to The fame, together with Addreffes troin both national wealth and industry, not to bestow pa Houses to the Lord Lieutenant, were this day it every attention on our part which ma be pretented to his Excellency, and, with his Ex- encourage so valuable a branch of our commerc, cellercy's answers, are as follow:
and beit prevent those frauds and impobuco To the KING's Most Excellent Majesty, which are so fatal to every infant undertakin. The humble Address of the Lords Spiritual and We thall likewise consider the Protestant com
Temporal, in Parliament aflem bied. ter schools, from the humanity as we!l as dos Most Gracious Sovereign,
of the inftitution, highly deserving of our care, WE your Majeity's moft dutiful and loyal We conceive the liberal intentions of crid. Tubjerts, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in ment to provide an asylum for the industrieus Parliament ailembied, beg leave to return our diftreffed Genevzos de rm and both our ackner. moit bumble thanks to your Majesty, for those ledgements and warmctt concurrence gracious expreflions we have received froin the meafure that may promote the letencat in this Throne, of that tender concern and paternal re- kingdom of so useful a body of men. But whilt 'gard for the happiness of this kingdom, which we ihall endeavour to procure every advantage to we have so happily experienced.
our country from that lettiement, we are like Impressed at all times with the deepest sense of bound to prevent as far as posible every umerei. your Majesty's goodness, we moit thankfully ac- sary expence with which the measure ought be knowledge, as a treih inftance of it, the placing attended. us under the government of a nobleman, whose We trust that the present parliament will be amiable character, whose integrity and abilities, distinguished in the annals of their country for aftord every prospect of national proiperity to the their wisdom, temper, and moderation, and for country over which he is to prelide.
the efficacy of their regulations to increate the The unequivocal proofs we have received from industry, encourage the manufactures, and eiGreat Britaill, from her fxcred regard for the tend the commerce of this kingdom. adjultment of our conftitution and commerce, Whiltt we shall endeavour to promote fuch 17made and eitablished in the faid Parliament, not luable and important objects to ourselves, the only afford us the fullest security for our contti- Thall mort cordially confider the intereit of Great, tutional and commercial rights, but must excite Britain as immediately conneted with our out; in us the warmeft affection towards our litter and ever having experienced the partreal beintcountry, and itrengthon that union of fertiment cence of our mot gracious fovereign, we beseech as well as of intereft, between the two king- your Majesty to accept the tribuite of hearts, dors, upon which the power and happiness of deeply imprciled with gratitude, in carrently imboth to materially depend.
ploring the Divine goodnets long to continue yout To contribute to give permanenty to that uni- Majcity's 'auspicious reign over a loyal, happ, on, we beg leave hunbly to aliure your Majelty, and united people. it will ever be the firt with of our hearts, as it
W. Watts Gayer
, Cler. Parliamen: will be the first object of our endeavours.
To the KING's Most Excellent Majesty, toin mercial pursuits. And whilft is willenible both kingdoms to deliberate on the surett means The humble Address of the Knights, Citie