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the Cape: Hynes remained at Lan- tain. In their journey they saw seves dross; and Evans and De Larso cameral dead bodies. back to Swartkops, with thirty or forty “ De Larso came from the Cape waggons and horses, with tents, and with Robert Price in The Laurwig, about one hundred people under Capt. Capt. Stainbeck, and went to DenMiller, intended to go to the wreck, mark: in the same ship came also Wiland to search for the people who had liam Hubberly, the second mate's ferescaped.

vant, and Francisco Feancon, who had Evans and De Larso went on with remained with the Caffrees, and were the party; they got within five days brought from them by the Hottentots, journey of the wreck, but came back, at the same time with Lewis. All as their horses were tired; and the these went to Denmark. Mambookers opposing them, they left “'They saw no farms till they came to the waggons at the river Nye, or Kly, Swartkops. There are some, however, which is a rery large river full of great beyond it; but not near the sea coast. stones. The stream is rapid, and runs sr Price remained with Daniel Ko. near the Ba:nboe Berg. The water is nig at Swartkops three or four months, frefh. In their journey from the wreck and used to go a hunting with him; they were obliged to go up it for three they set out in the morning, and reachdays before they could cross, on ac ed Sondag's river before night, and count of the great stones; the country there stayed to hunt. There were is inhabited on both sides.

great numbers of clans, white and Price remained near Swartkops brown, hart-beeften, buffaloes, &c.” till the waggons and people returned. Those who have reached England 'I hey were abfent at least a month, cannot give any account of the distance and before they returned, went within from Swartkops to Landross, nor how a day's journey of the place where they long they were performing the jourwere robbed.' They did not reach the ney. They rode in a waggon, and tvreck, nor fee any tokens of the la- did not attend to the length of the dies or captain, except that they saw way, and remained three days with in a Caffree house a great coat which Captain Miller. they thought had belonged to the cap

LIFE OF RICHARD BENTLEY, D. D.
LATE REGIUS PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY, AND MASTER OF TRINITY-COL.

LEGE, CAMBRIDGE.
Τιμιωτατα μεν και πρωτα τα περι την ψυχην αγαθα. .

Plato, de Legib. IV.

IV, (Continzed from page 320.) WHILE Dr. Bentley's reputation at the foundation of the coliege, but

was diffeminated through the had been changed in the year 1645, continent, by his critical disquisitions, during the civil commotions in the his domestic peace was disturbed by a reign of King Charles the First, when dispute with the members of the col- the Master and Fellows of Trinity were le e over which he presided.

violently ejected. The dividends were In the year 1709, at a meeting of then made according to the seniority the master and seniors, in order to state of the members who enjoyed fellowthe college accounts, Dr. Bentley pro- Thips. No other mode, indeed, could posed that the dividends should in fu- well have been approved, as there was ture be regulated by ranking the fel not one individual, at that time, in lows according to their degrees, and the college, except Dr. Hill, the new not according to their seniority. This master, who had taken a degree fupemode of dribution had been adopted rior to that of Maiter of Arts; and

they

they were obliged to invite a Doctor the fortieth chapter of the College of Divinity from St. John's College to Statutes, entitled De Magiftri (fi res take the Vice-mafterthip.

exigat) amotione, The humble petiDr. Bentley's plan seems well calcu tion and complaint of the Vice-maslated to encourage academical degrees. ter, Senior Fellows, and many of the It was, however, ' rejected. The seeds Doctors in Divinity and Masters of of dissension, which had been sown at Arts, Fellows and Members of the different times, and upon various oc College of the Holy and Undivided casions, now appeared to be matured. Trinity of the University of Cam, Those who had formerly couceived any bridge, of King Henry the Eighth's dilike to the Doctor, through envy foundation, in behalf of themselves or resentment, now seemed to unite and the rest of the members of the into one body. Some of the Fellows said College, against Richard Benthad before determined to complain to ley, Doctor in Divinity, now Master Dr. Patrick, the Bifhop of Ely, their

thereof, visitor, and to attempt the removal of Shew, a maiter who had rendered himself so That the Fellows and all the Memobnoxious.

bers of the said College having for Dr. Bentley discovered their inten- many years lived with a great respect tion, and waited on the Bishop before and love to their former masters, and they could present their petition. He in a perfect amity one with another, then told his own story, and at the in the year of our Lord God 1700, same time assured his lordship, that he when the said Dr. Bentley first came to had no right to interfere in any bufi. be their master, the peace of the said ness that related to Trinity College. College was foon disturbed by his deThis assertion could not be then re- manding and taking of the said College futed, as there was no precedent, or several unusual and great sums of mocopy of the statutes , to be found in the ney, which he applied to his own use. archives of the Bishop of Ely. The And almost every year since, by his conaffair, therefore, for the present, ter- tinual making new demands of profits minated abruptly.

and perquisites for himself; and by his In the mean time Dr. More succeed- taking and threatening to take away, ed to the see of Ely, and on Dr, Bent- fometimes with the forced consent of ley's proposition, with respect to divi- the governing part of the College, and dends, his enemies determined again sometimes without any consent at all, to remove him, and a memorial, con several known privileges and perquitaining fifty-four articles, was exhi. fites from the rest of the College in bited againit the master, to the visitor. general, and even fellowships and Icho

Thele articles were stated in the form Jarships from several in particular; and of questions, and were signed by the by his threatening and assuming to invice-master and thirty-five members of flict several unstatutable and (before his Trinity College. A copy of the col. time) unheard-of punishments upon lege statutes, to which these articles of several of the Fellows, for no other accusation referred, was subjoined, reason but because he heard they talked The petition, which seems to have against his proceedings. And by his accompanied these articles, was signed uling violent and unworthy methods, by only thirty members. At their whereby he has prevailed with some head was Dr. Wolfran Stubbe, the vice- few of the College to espouse his fepamatter,

rate interest, the peace of this royaland The following is a copy of their pe- ample foundation has not only for matition :

ny years been wholly broken, but the To the Right Reverend Father in God, tatutes have been violated, and the

John Lord Bishop of Ely, Visitor of goods of the College wasted, and maTrinity College, in Cambridge, upon ny of the Fellows reduced to great ne

3 F

ceffity * The articies were published separate, but as a list of their names " that subscribed these artí. cles, or the pecivon,” is given, they were probably fene together to the Bishop,

2

cessity by his lefsening the value of nip, but by an offer of four hundred their fellowships, which were before pounds for pretended charges, he was but very small. Nevertheless, the Fel. brought over to the master's intereit, lows and Members of the said College, three years after the presentation of out of a peaceable disposition, and be this petition. ing persuaded by the faid Dr. Fentley's Dr. Bentley was well prepared to fair promises, which he constantly made answer any charges which they could upon his gaining every new advantage, urge againsi him through malice or enry, that they Thould enjoy peace and quiet- He, therefore, loft no time, but on the ness for the future, and out of respect thirteenth of February he wrote a comto those that made him their master, plete reply to every charge, in a letter though they could not be wholly silent, to the Bishop, which was dated “ At they were unwilling publickly to com- her Majesty's Library, Feb. 13, 1768." plain to their superiors, till now again He soon after distributed copies of this last year the said Dr. Bentley, not this letter and the petition among his only making another exorbitant de- friends, although he refused a public mand of profits to himself, but in order anfwer to their allegations, because the thereunto, endeavouring to make an charge wanted form, and was presented alteration almoit throughout the whole irregularly. College in their dividends and dues,

About this time, a copy of the arwhereby - they are maintained, and ticles against Dr. Bentley, and of the which they and their predecessors have College statutes was published. This for many.years enjoyed, and that in a pamphlet was followed by another, partial manner, and by such methods as which contained the petition, and the are before mentioned, we are neces- Doctor's letter to the Bithop of Ely, fitated at this time to petition and com- with a preface by the editor, who ftyled plain to your Lordship, promising himself a Gentleman of the Temple. within a convenient time to lay before With refpect to the authenticity of you, in such method as you shall ap- the letter, no doubt could arise. The point, the several particulars, wherein reader, well acquainted with Bentley's the truth of what is here alledged will style, could never hesitate. In what. manifestly appear; humbly craving in ever he writes, he always unites inJue time such sentence as to your itruction and amusement. If he canLordihip's wisdoin and justice thall not convince, yet till he pleases by feem meet.

fome happy allufion, or improves by Feb. 6, 1709*

the introduction of some literary in The Bishop immediately fent' this formation. petition to Dr. Bentley, with the fol In this letter, he confuted every lowing note:

assertion of the petition, and stated, I received this appeal from the that Trinity College had been more Fellows of Trinity College, by the eminent for the erudition of its memhands of Mr. Edmund Miller, the roth bers, as well as for their moral conduct, of February, 1709.

during his mattership, than in the time

" ]. E." of his predeceffors." He afferts the digMr. Miller was at the head of the nity of his character, as the head of lo opposition againtt Bentley. He was a respectable a society, and proves that ferjeant at law t, and managed the pro- his conduercould in no point be decmed fecution against him, which proved an infringement of the statutes, which very expenlive, though he was presented he explains with his usual acuteness. with an hundred pounds by the College. He informs the Bishop that those who Bentley suspended him from his fellow- signed the petition, were the minor

part + In the year 1717, Mr. Miller published " An Account of the Univerfity at Cambridge, and th: Colleg-s there, being a plain Relation of many of their Oaths, Statutes, and Charters; by which will appear the Necetlity the present Members lie ander of endeavouring to obtain such as ieturions as may render them practicable, and more suitabk to the prefent Times, &c. &c. Most humbly proposed to buch Houses of Parliament's

Old ilyle.

part of the forciety, and that their pro- well repaired and inhabited, many of ceedings, in feveral instances, had vio- which were waste and empty before my lated the itatutes. He then gives a coming. Are these the signs of dilaconcise account of his conduct in va- pidation? and yet in all these the malrious cases, to which the petitioners ter always bears the greatest burthen in allude.

the expence." Instead of demanding sums of mo He thus answers the affertion, that ney, he contributed largely to the many

of the Fellows are reduced to repairs of the Master's Lodge, and by great necessity by his lessening the vahis conduct, the number of students · lue of their fellowships." who entered in the course of the year “ It is an astonishing thing, that fewas doubled, and the College rendered ven seniors could subscribe to this, eminent for the learning and regularity who are conscious themselves, and have of its members.

often confessed it to myself and others, ' As to the new demand, which the that I have raised the public revenue Doctor was accused of continually of the College a thousand pounds a making, he challenged them to specify year above what I found it; which imone single inftance. On the contrary, provement is more than the whole anhe proves, that he had reduced the mual income of some Colleges in Camexpences of feafts; that he had abolithed bridge. This, my lord, can be easily several impofitions, and corrected many shown in every particular, partly comenormities.

passed by a due inspection into the The petitioners asserted that, the estates abroad, but much more by a goods of the College to have been wasted. good economy and administration at To this he says: “ The statute word is home. And yet these are the grateful Dilapidation, a terrible charge indeed, returns for so great a benefaction. which any person that has once passed “ But it may be fufpected, that though through Cambridge can disprove with the revenue be increased for the future, his own eyes.

It has been often told yet for these ten years past the fellowme, by persons of sense and candour, ships may have been lesened. The that when I'left them, I might say of truth of this, my lord, may be the College what Augustus said of tainly known by the College records, Rome, Lateritium inveni, marmoreum where all the dividends are entered; reliqui. The College-chapel, from a and it is by dividends alone that the decayed antiquated model, made one value of fellowships alters; all other of the nobleft'in England; the College- einoluments being itated, and perpetual, hall, from a dirty, footy place, restored ly at a par. Every dividend likewise to its original beauty, and excelled by is equal, one the same as another; a none in cleanliness and magnificence. whole one being in a round estimation

“ The master's apartnient (if that 2000l. Now, in the last seventeen may be named without eniy) from a years before me (the time of my predespacious jail, from want of room in an ceilor) I find there were nineteen half excess of it, made worthy of that royal dividends; and in my ten years there foundation, and of the guests it some. have been ten already paid to them, times is honoured with: an elegant che- and four more are ready for them now, mical laboratory, where courses are ana and were so in December last, if, at nually taught by a profeffor, made out Mr. Miller's inftigation, they had not of a ruinous lumber-hole, the thieving refused them. It is a demonstration house of the bursars of the old set, then, that their fellow thips have been who, in spite of frequent orders to pre- better in my time than before; fourvent it, would still embezzle there the teen being much more to ten, than College timber: the College gate-house nineteen tu feventeen. raised up, and improved to a 1tately lord, it is notorious, that for the maastronomical observatory, well stored jor part of my ten years, the

very rents with the best instruments in Europe. were funk a thoufand pounds a yeao In a word, every garret of the house lower than formerly, by the excetive

low

cer

And yet, my

low price of corn. So that several the said Dr. Bentley's fair promises, knowing men of the University, and which he constantly made upon his some of our own College, have said in gaining every new advantage, that they my hearing, that if I had not been 'inould enjoy peace and quietness for fent thither by a sort of Providence, the future, and out of respect to those they had been forced in those low years that made him their master, though to Thut the College gates. But what they could not be wholly filent, they can be faid to some of these complain. were unwilling publicly to complain to ers, who dare thus fily in the face of their superiours. demonftrable truth? who, being op “ Alasi alas! more dolorous compolite to a master in the whole turn of plaints ftill, for the loss of peace and their lives, hate totally whatever he quietness

. 'Tis a plain cafe, by this does, and grin and growl even at be- grief, that their fellowships were too nefactions. Your own memory, my little, and the bottles came sparingly lord, will recall to you, how they cla- in, fo that out of pure compallion i'll moured all over the nation, at my first say nothing to this article: only take coming, that they were beggared and notice of the nice consistency between itarved by the expences of the lodge; this and the others. For we were told when in my firft three years, while it before, that even from 1700 the peace of was finishing, there were three whole the College was disturbed; and again, dividends (fix thousand pounds) paid what was still worfe, that the peace of among them; a thing that never once the foundation has for many years

been happened in all the seventeen years be- wholly broken: but here at last we have fore. And yet, had I been of their contrary news, that all this while till party, had I herded and forted with this loft year the follows and members of them, had I suffered them to play their the College were in a peaceable dispofition. cheats in their several offices, I might and the Master, as appears by his conhave done what I would; I might have ftant fair promises, looked peaceably too. devoured and destroyed the College, I hope our learned physician can mix and yet come away with their ap- his drugs better than his sentences. plauses for a great and good master. Till now again this last year the

" But yet, my lord, I own one said Dr. Bentley, not only making antruth that Mr. Miller has said here, other exorbitant demand of profits to and it is the only one in the whole himself, but in order thereunto endea, petition, Tkat jame of the Fellows (eve- vouring to make an alteration almost ry one of them his fubfcribers) are re- throughout the whole College in their duced to great needlity. But what, I dividends and dues, wherely they are pray, is the true reason of it? Not the maintained, and which they and their diminishing of their fellowships, as our predeceffors have for many years enoracle avers; that is refuted above, to joyed, and that in a partial manner, and a demonstration. It is not the lefjening by such methods as are before mentioned.' of those, but the increasing of fome “ Yes, yes, my lord, Hinc illæ lathing else? - I mean the price of claret. chrymæ: it was my proposing this lap For the advance of twelve pence in a year an alteration of the way of divibottle repeated every day, must needs 'dends that has given your lordship the now exhauft a scanty fellowship, which trouble of their petition and this fetter. cuas before but try /mall. This is the Without this, the peaceable disposition grand article in their expences, far had continued still; and even this

proabove all other charges of clothes, or pofal was peaceably agreed to among (what are now forgot by them) books: ourselves, and had been concluded and for I dare pass my word, among all established, had not Mr. Miller at the their debts and ticks there are none to very day come on purpose to defeat it, the ftationers. But they go on, 'Ne- alarmed at the future prospect of an vertheless, the Fellows and Members of unanimity in the college, fo threatenthe faid College, out of a peaceable ing to his fancyed interest, and vain disposition, and being persuaded by hopes of being a representative. 3

“I must

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