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I defy the greatest bock-worm in this In every page of the pamphlet, there nation to produce any thing near the appears a inost inveterate hatred of Dr. fize of t'is letter, wherein is contained Bentley, and a determination to stile all so many vile, false, and frivolous mat his actions unjust. The proper exerters. It is a common observation, that tions of the head of so large a fociety, there are more of those called learned without which subordination would than wife and honest men, though I soon be loft, are deemed tyranny, and can see no other end of learning, but the repairs of the lodge, to which all to know what is wisdom and justice; the seniors consented, is termed extraand surely it could not be the lait qua- vagance. lifications that got our Doctor his pre This pamphlet was followed by fe. ferments. There many facts being thus veral others*, which were for the most pointed out, his qualifications will be part in the same strain, and are now easily known, in many things by the seldom to be found, except in the liCollege bocks and flatutes, and in braries of the curious. Dr. Bentley others by enquiry of persons of reputa- felt the justice of his cause, and the tion, who, in great numbers, know dignity of his character tco forcibly to the craft and falities with which he attempt an answer. has allented and cranfa&cd most things. he Bishop of Ely, however, would
“ I would not have the reader think not admit his plea of informality in the I have inenticned all the unjust acts, petition of the Fellows, and inlisted on much lcs. the illy ones, he has com a reply. Bentley then began openly to mittel tince his being maler; fome expicts his doubts, with respect to his muft ciep my memory, as well as the loruihip's claim of exerting any autho. memury of shoe who informed me, rity cver him, or the College. He and more are proper to be reserved till presented a petition to Queen Anne, to we come to tryal; where he will be so inplore her protection, and to mainfar from being acquitted for his being tain her foie right of jurisdiction over such a vill', bringling diwarjer, that the thie royalfoundation and its maiter. 00:he aegilist go lord with lim, by any The Queen referred the petition to jiry of thuit proti zliva.”
the consideration of her Attorney and
Solicitor* Besides the paw.phists already mentioned, the following appeared during this dispute :
1. Scre Comiderations bumbly oficred, in a Letrer to Jolin Lord Bithop of Eiy, on a Book, e:tituled The present State of Trinity College, by Di. Bentley. By a Master of Arts and Fellow of the laid College. Svo.
Il. The true State of Trinity College, in a Letter to a residing Fellow of that Society: Wherein the writing linpertinences, malicious Aipersions, and bold Falthoods of Dr. Bentley are answered, in such a Manner as they deserve. Published for the Iniormation of the Students, Scholars, and leliows or both Univertities. Lond. 1710. 8vo.
III. A full View of Dr. Bentley's Letter to the Lord Bishop of Ely. In a Discourse to a Friend; wherein the whole Serain of that celebrated Piece, throughout, is fairiy, familiarly, and largely coufidered. By Thomas Biomer, M. A. Fellow ot Trinity College, in Cambridge. Lond. 1710. &re.
IV. An humble and serious Representation of the present State of Trinity College, in a Letter to a noble Lord. Lond. 8vo.
A true and impartial Account of the present Differences between the Matter and Fellows of Trinity College, in Cambridge, considered, in a Letter to a Gentleman some Time Member of that Society. Lond. 1711. 8vo.
vl. The Rights of the Scholars of Trinity College aferted, and several Abuses detected, ina fecond Letter to the Rev. John Lord Bithop ot Ely. By a Multer of Arts, and Fellow of the fan College. Svo.
To these pamphlets, of which the names are rçcorded in the Biographia Britannica, and in the ingenious Mr. Gough's Brinth Topography, Vol. I. p. 242, may be added
VII. "The Life of Richard Bentley, in Latin and English. A very scurrilous and absurd coc.psfition.
VIII. An Answer to fome Objections that have been made to the Conduct of Dr. B. Together with a Dialogue between a Whig and a Tory concerruar, the present State of Tricity College. 1913.
The Whiç detends and the Tory conde inns. This Pamphlet was published when it was supe posed that the dispute would be finally fettled. There is fome lietle humour in the manner in which the Docior is made to condeinn himself, in his Antwers to fome Questions, which are propored to him, in the former part of this pamphlet.
There were probably fome other productions of the same kind, published during the contest, though they have escaped our rescarches.
Solicitor-general, with orders for them The trial lasted six weeks, and a thoroughly to investigate the fubject thousand pounds was expended by the of dispute. At the same time, the Bi. College. Three lawyers were employThop was informed that his proceedings ed, who displayed great ingenuity at muit stop, till the royal pleasure was least in their harangues and replies. known, as the Queen had taken the 'The points of dispute in general, which affair under her own cognizance. were stated in fifty articles, could have
After much deliberation, the Attor- been fettled immediately by a reference ney and Solicitor-general reported to her to registers, and books of accounts. Majesty, that it was their opinion, that Their eloquence, therefore, was of the Master of Trinity College was sub- little service, as they could not be inject to the power of the Bishop. This timately acquainted with the statutes sentence, however, did not prove fa- of Trinity College. tisfactory to some of the ministry, and At length the trial ended, but the Mr. Secretary St. John, who was af- death of the Bishop prevented his terwards Lord Bolingbroke, waited giving judgement, juit when the whole on the Bishop of Ely, with a letter, kingdom were in expectation of the which acquainted him, that the subject sentence. The quarrel was not imof Dr. Bentley's petition, and the re mediately renewed before his succefport of the Attorney and Solicitor-ge- for, and the affair rested for several neral, were then' before her Majesty, years in this undetermined situation. who had ordered the matter to be taken Dr. Bentley's time was of course into consideration by the Lord-keeper much engaged by the active part and her counsel. li added, likewise, which he was obliged to take in these that the Queen thought the business of disputes, and his mind must have nathe highest importance, and, therefore, turally been harrassed by continued that the commanded her Secretary to fufpenfe. His claffical pursuits, howinform his lordship, that it was her ever, were not remitted. In 1711 he pleasure that he fould proceed no far- published his long expected edition of ther in the business *.
Horace, which he dedicated to Harley, Dr. Bentley, foreseeing that a laxity Earl of Oxford, who was then mia of discipline and cessation of itudies nitter. might probably be produced in his The opinions of the learned with College by this delay, requefied that respect to this edition are various. By the ministry would permit him to take some it was extolled as the greatest his trial. The choice of a visitor he work that had appeared since the resubmitted wholly to her Majesty; but vival of letters, and by others it was if she did not wish to appoint one, he ridiculed, and treated with contempt. hoped that no objections would be If we may be allowed to give our fentirailed to his submitting salvo jure regio ments on this subject, for to the decision of the Bithop.
" Who shall decide when Doctors disagree, ". The Queen granted his request, and we must confess, we think that Beneremoved the inhibition, by lignifying ley has received too much praise for his 10 his lordship, that he was at liberty corrections of Horace from one party, to proceed as far as the law would al- and has been too much condemned by low. The Bihop now declined the the other. hufiness, until he was compelled by Some of his emendations display the King's Bench, in Easter term, 1714. wonderful acumen, and critical perspi. Mefiengers were sent to him from both cuity, and some of the pallages, which parties to Ely, where he then resided, he has restored from the manuscript to intreat his presence at the College, copies, Mould certainly be admitted in where he could soon have finally ad- all future editions. But many of his jutled the business. He, however, remarks are more eminent for ingenuity fixed upon Ely-House, for the place than judgement. It Tould likewise of decilion.
be remembered, that in his own edi.
tion, * This letter was dated June 18, 1711.-Bing. Britan.
tion, which was published at Cam- would most probably hurt his intereit. bridge in quarto, he did not incorpo- In reply, he said, that he should thare rate the most daring of his corrections the fate of Hare, Gooch, and Sherlock. into the text, but inserted them in his 'These three, however, all became Binotes, which he placed at the end of shops, while Bentley died Master of the volume, and that he always inserts Trinity College. at the bottom of the page the readings In the preface, he informs us, that of former editors.
as the weighty cares which had deThe dedication to the Earl of Ox- volved upon him, for some years, by his ford was dated from Trinity College, situation as matter of a College, had on the 6th of the Ides of December, prevented a regular application to any which was the birth-day of Horace. ferious study, he determined to devote It is a lively, ingenious composition. a part of his leisure hours to the pubThe former part of it contains an ad- lication of some entertaining author, dress to Horace, with a comparison be left he should banish entirely his regard tween his Mecenas, in the court of for the muses, and his favourite purAuguftus, and Harley, whom he files fuits. He fixed upon Horace, because the modern Mecenas. The latter part he was an universal favourite. confits of a short history of the Earl's In his notes he tells us, that explaimmediate ancestors. He thus concludes: nations of paffuges, which related to “* Amid your daily occupations, fay the customs or to the history of the ansome regard, I befeech you, to the cients, form no part of his design. prefcnt state of literature, which lan- His intention was to correct errors, guishes in these favage and licentious and restore genuine readings, either by times, and can with difficulty support the authority of copies, or by conjecitself against the threatening deluge of ture. barbarilin. If you wish that PATER In his notes he availed himself of ACADEMIARUM should be inscribed the printed editions, and of several on your statues; if you would justify manuscripts, the readings of which had the words of your monarch, who pub- escaped the researches of former editors. lickly styled you the Patron of Lite The orthography, in his edition of rature, let learning attract your regard, Horace, appears affected t, because it is and let ivy, interwoven with clive, unusual; but as it is the mode of speltwine about your temples. So may ling, which appears by medals and inyou and your family enjoy a long and scriptions to have been used in the uninterrupted course of health; and time of Augustus, and which is found so may that reputation, which you now in the most ancient copies of Horace, bonit, descend with you, at some far he seems rather to merit praise than distant period, unsullied to the filent censure, for attempting such a reviral.
To enter into a critical examination Dr. Bentley originally intended to of his notes would far exceeů our lihave dedicated his edition of Horace nits, and as the book is well known, to the Earl of Halifax, who had been the criticism would appear rather oftenat 'Trinity College. But as the work tatious than neceffary. The following was delayed until the year 1711, when emendation we cannot help transcrithe- miniftry was changed, he deter- bing, for although Bentley thought it mined to place it under the patronage too bold a correction for him to admit of the Eari of Oxford,
into the text, we think it affords a At the acceflion of King George the happy fpecimen of critical fagaciFirit, he was told that this dedication ty:
Cellit * Inque his, ut ad niea me facra referani, respices ororem literariam; aflidum fane atrocitaie licentiaque temporum, &c.
+ Vilgus for l'ulgus, Ditom for Dirum, and the plural accusatives in is, instead of es, when the gen. plur. ended in iun:. Corpolcu, impius, are more defendible, and deferve to be adopted. This subject has been treated with great incauity by the elegant Scheller, in his Præcepta fiili bene Ciceroniani; a work wirich is liutka kuown in this country, but merits an atten. tive peruial from every wholer. Let it be remembered that the karned Heyne, e il liv hus uled the fame orthography in his Vigile
Cellit inermis tibi blandienti
a performance, wherein exactness and Janitor aulx
perspicuity, life, spirit, beauty, and Cerberus; quamvis furiale centum
order are restored to so many places Muniant angues caput, exeatque Spiritus teter, sanielque manet
which were before corrupted, or milOre trilingui.
placed, or obscured, for want of being So Bentley would read this passage, in rightly read, or truly undertood: for Horace's 'Ode to Mercury, 11. XI. want of an emendation of the text, or In common editions, the third line of knowing the history or custom Atands thus:
pointed at, or the passages of the Greek
poets, which Horace directly imitated, Muniant angues caput ejus, atque
or the more secret allusions, which he Spiritus, &c.
was above all the Latins happy in," Dacier observes, that the word ejus de In 1713, a new edition of Bentley's bases the whole poem. There is a Horace was published by the Wetpassage in Ovid of the same cast, but steins, at Amsterdam. They procured that should not be admitted as a de a corrected copy from the Doctor, refence, for an expression so mean and moved the notes from the endt, and prosaic. The alteration, moreover, placed them under the text, in which may be defended by several similar pas- they interted all the additional corsages
. Among his corrections, the change rections. They likewise added the of “ Ille et nefasto tu posuit die” into verbal index of Horace, which Aveman “ Illum et nefasto,” &c. is likewise had compiled with great labour; very happy.
and the emnendations of Bentley, and He has explained innumerable pas- several important quotations incorposages, which defied former editors, and rated into it by Isaac Verburg, who drawn forth latent beauties in several was afterwards well known as the editor verses, by flight changes in the punc- of Cicero. By these judicious imtuation, equally judicious and acute. provements, the Dutch edition is ren
Dr. Hare gave the following cha- dered far superior to that published at racter of Bentley's edition of Horace* : Cambridge. “ When I consider how small a book It was the fate of Bentley to be conHorace is, how much he has been the stantly baited by his enemies, who delight and admiration of the learned were more numerous than powerful. at all times; what pains the ableit cri. The firit literary character, perhaps, tics have taken with him, and that if of this age remarked, that “ Abuse was others have done nothing, it seems to only the rebound of praise;" and, inbe for no other reason but that they deed, it is vain to censure those whom thought there was nothing left for none commend. The merit of this them; when I make these reflections, great critic roused the envy of the and consider on the other hand what half learned, who gave full scope to one man has been able to do, after so their malignity. many great names, who had the use of
In 1712 came out " The Odes of no manuscripts but what seemed al- Horace, in Latin and English; with a ready to have been exhausted, and translation of Dr. Beniley's notes, to wanted many of the best, it is hard to which are added nutrs upun notes; done fay, whether the pleasure or the admi- in the Bentleian Atile and manner.” ration were the greater with which I A translation of the dedication, preface, read this incomparable work. A mun epodes, and life of Ilorace by Sueto. must have very little acquaintance with nius, were afterwards pablished to comthe ancients, or have no taste for their plete this work, which appeared in writings, who can forbear greatly ad. twenty-four parts, and forms two miring, or being greatly pleafed with volumes.
To * In Dr. H.'s Clergyman's Thanks to Philcleutherus. 8vo. 1713. + The custom of placing notes at the end of a work has been adopted by lever:I writers. But furely it is a cuitum“ more hovoured in the breach, than the obtervince." We obterve, that our celebrated hutorian, Mr. Gibbon, has interted the notes and text in the lame page, in his latter volumes, thich he placed them at thood of the
# Printed:or Lintui, in duodecimu. Spine ci the parts lawbed a second cdition.
To the first part is prefixed this short pute about Phalaris, in order to ridipreface: “ We humbly hope, that the cule Bentley. seader will encourage the following In the same year 1712 appeared a Ejays, upon several accounts: little pamphlet, intituled: “ Five ex.
First, as they are designed to fhew traordinary Letters, fupposed to be him the best author of Auguftus's age, writ to Dr. By, upon his Edition in his native purity.
of Horace, and some other Matters of “ Secondly, to give him a further great Importance:” a trifling fquib, proof, how far all attempts to render written by an enemy, who exposes his him into English, even after the best malignity, while he fancies he shew's version extant has succeeded no better, his wit. mutt fall short of the original.
In the following year a pamphlet ap“ Thirdly, to convince him, how ri. peared, intituled, “ Quaterna Epiftola. diculous it is to presume to correct Ho- Prima et fecunda ad Richardum Bentleium; race, without authority, upon the pre- Tertia ad illuftriffimam Ezekielum Spanhetended strength of superior judgement mium, quarta ad Lud. Frid. Bonetum I. in poetry. And
The writer of these letters was Ker, * Lastly, how easily such a pre- who had not long before published sumption may be turned upon the “ Sele&tarum de Lingua Latina Observaauthors, and fufficiently expose them tionem, Libri duo," This performance their own way."
and its author Bentley had flighted, or The Odes are translated into English treated contemptuously, Ker, in return, verse by different authors, and in fome “ Cries havoc, and lets flip the dogs of war!” of them there is poetry and elegance and while his resentment was warm in the version. In the notes upon rotes published this quaternary of Epistles. there is a greater display of wit and The first of these, which are addressed pleasantry, than of criticism. Bent- to Bentley, contains objections to the ley's remarks are abridged, and the Latinity of fome passages in his dediauthorities which he has cited are cation and preface to Horace. The sometimes quoted by reference, and purport of the second is similar, andexhifometimes suppressed. The language bits remarks on the Doctor's treatment of the translated notes is coarse and of himself and of former critics. In vulgar, and that of the notes upon notes these compositions, there is some just is not more elegant. We do not think criticism, but it is mingled with too that the authors of this publication were much ill-nature, and the author's reever discovered. It is not, indeed, of much sentment is too apparent. The Laconsequence who they were, as, in our tinity is, perhaps, correct, coldly opinion, they have not executed the correct: but the letters merit no comdesign which they proposed in their mendation for sprightliness of wit, or preface with much fpirit or humour. elegance of language. Some of Bentley's notes are arrogant, Bentley, in all probability, paid litand several of his corrections are ha- tle regard to these publications, or to zardous, but this publication does not their authors. Whatever might be his feem calculated either by its weight or private sentiments, he felt the dignity ingenuity to expose the critic's laugh- of his character, and the strength of tiness or boldness. The title of Benti- his abilites too forcibly, to think an voglio, which is assigned to the Doctor answer or a defence necessary. in the first of these notes, was borrowed These attacks did not seem to infrom the Dialogues of the Dead, fluence his literary pursuits, or damp which King+ wrote, during the dif- the ardour of his genius. In the course
of * The ingenious authors of the first edition of the Biographia Brit. seem to speak 100 respectfully of this work. + See our Magazine for O&ober last, page 314.
As this painphlet is not mentioned by we learned authors of the Biographia Britannica, we imagine that they have never seen it. It is rather rue.
We lay perhaps, for wc huvo not rcau them with lufficient attention to enable us to fpeak decilivci