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ing for redress, or complaining of the thing had been offered to thew the ne. said fees.

cefsity of their lordships' interpofition : The Lord Advocate ftated, that the and because it tended to an indirect evidence in defence of Sir Thomas imputation upon the characters of the Rumbold and Mr. Perring being fi- guardians and interpreters of the law's, nished, it was necessary that both that whofe conduct had so amply and to and the evidence in support of the pro- nourably earned that high and dins fecution should be printed, before the guished public estimation which they House proceeded any farther. But as enjoyed. The previous queftion na that could not be done in a short time, carried without 'a division, he trusted the House must see the utter In the House of Coinnons, on the impoffibility of proceeding any farther third reading of the Pay-Office bill. that serion. Fle, therefore, moved Mr. Eitwick complained to the Hocfe for leave to bring in a new bill of pains of some alterations, which he conceived and penalties, with a proviso, that the to have been made in certain clauses, proceedings on the bill then depending by Mr. Burke, without the fanction of Thould not be discontinued, by any pro- the House. The Spezker cleared up rogation or dissolution of parliament, the matter, by declaring that the quet. which after some debate was pafied tion had been put upon each of the alwithout a division.

terations, but in a low tone of voice, June z. The Duke of Richmond so as just to be heard by the partic called the attention of the Upper House concerned, who were standing round to the constitution of the great seal, the chair at the time, as was the praa and particularly to its present situation, tice in all cases where the parties were in the hands of commissioners, and perfectly agreed. Mr. Pitt and Mr. fummed up the purport of a long Eitwick thought that the expunged speech, by intimating his intention to clauses ought to be restored and demove for a committee to enquire into bated, which being agreed to, the first the independence of the judges, and was brought up and rejected on a diinto the best ineans of securing it; and vision. The bill was then read and by then moving as a basis for that pasied. motion a resolution, setting forth, that June 5. Sir Charles Bampfylde ofputting the seals in committion durante fered to present a petition from the bene placito, and appointing judges city of Exeter, praying that the recommissioners, with large salaries and ceipt-tax might not pass into a law, perquifites, during the exiftence of a but the Speaker reminding the House commision originating in, and folcly that it was an established rule not to dependent on the will of the crown, receive any petition against a tax, it tended to invalidate the act of the 13th was rejected on a division. of King William; having before re- Mr. Fox mored for a committee of marked, that the patent paffed in the whole House to consider of the erMarch 1782, granting an addition of pediency of allowing the whole dras1000l. a year to the salary of the Chief back on rice exported, as to continue Justice of the Common Pleas, was in it now would certainly deprive us of direct opposition to the spirit of that the whole rice trade. It was unaniact.

mously agreed to allow the drawback, The Duke of Portland defended the and a bill ordered to be brought in alcommiflion, and moved the previous cordingly. question. Lord Louglıborough, in a In a committee, Mr. Dempster drew, moft able and eloquent speech, vindi- with wonderful ability and philanthrocated the character of the judges from py, a picture of the unfortunate fituaeven the shadow of suspicion. He ex- tion of the northern parts of Scotland, piained, to the fatisfaction of the from the failure of last year's crop, House, the augmentation of his salary which he followed with several moas Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. tions for their relief, that were all He opposed the motion, because now readily agreed to, as was also an ad

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pura After a long and warm debate, the pose.

bill for taxing bills of exchange and In a committee went through the receipts was read a third time and bill laying a tax on bills of exchange, passed. &c. and receipts. The Lord Mayor June 13. In a Committee of Supply, moved to exempt all receipts under sl. the Secretary at War went through the which was rejected by a great majority. army estimates for the remainder of the

June 6. In a Committee of Supply, present year, and moved the different Lord North mored several small sums resolutions on them, which were carried for the civil establishments of the two without opposition. Floridas, Georgia, St John's, Nova June 172 Sir Cecil Wray brought Scotia, and Senegambia.

up a petition from the people called Read a second time the bill to pre- Quakers, in behalf of the unfortunate vent abuses in the public offices. Mr. negroes, the traffic of whose persons, Fox divided the House on the second they prayed, for the sake of humanity, reading of the bill to prevent expence

to have abolished. at elections, and a small majority were The bill for abolishing fees, and for going on with the bill.

establishing various regulations in the June 11. A motion was made for different public offices, occafioned a leave to bring in a bill to repeal so warm debate. Lord John Carendith much of the act of the 35th of Henry thought, that all the purposes of the VIII. as prohibits the exportation of bill iniglit easily be answered without brass, which after fome debate was it. Mr. Pite entered fully and ininutecarried by a great majority.

ly into the various abuses of the difa The Sheriífs of London presented a ferent offices, which called loudl; for petition from the city, which, on being reform. The bill was gone througı read, appeared to be directed against the in a committee. tax on receipts. The Speaker stated, June 18. 'The Teers rejected a pethat it had been long the practice of the tition from the merchants and trades, House, in confideration of the import against the tax on receipts, and also ance of the city of London, to receive a similar petition from the city of any petition offered by its fheritis, London. without any previous intimation of its In the Houseof Commons, the Chancontents. Mr. Fox admissed the pri- cellor of the Exchequer brought in a vilege, but faid it was of little value, bill to take off the compofition, in lie! since the House could reject the peri- of the malt duit. Mr. Hill warınly rion's beirg taken into consideration, opposed it, ani divided the House on as foon as its contents were known; the fecond reading, which was carried which was done accordingly.

by a great majority. Mr. Ord then brought up the report June 19. The bill for preventing of the committee on the tax bills, fraudulent voters from polling at which after a long debate was read, and elcctions was loit in a committee. various amendments proposed and agreed

June 2.4.

In a committee went to.

through the bill for altering the law June 12. In a committee on a bill relative to writs of right, and other for altering the law, in many respects, modes of recovering property, with with regard to property, a clause was several new clauses and amendments. mored and admitted, for preventing a Lord John Cavendish brought in a tenant for life from alienating such bill for continuing the commiflion of eltares, as the grantor intended thould public accounts, which was read a firit veit in the remainder man, but in the line. grants of which he might have Tie then moved for leave to bring omitted to appoint truttees. And in a bill for ihe appointment of comanother, for empowering the courts of millioners, to enquire into the circunlaw to issue commissions for taking stances of those who had suffered, in cepofitions bevond fea.

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Sition. The latter, therefore, was had been obtained from them; he knew voted in both Houses, with an unani- of none;, the treaty ręınained just as the mity that has not been very common preliminary articles had begun it. The of late years.

funds were now lower than when we In the House of Peers, the address were most distressed; that day had been was moi ed by Lord Scarborough, who looked to, as a period for raising the prefaced the motion with an apology national credit, and yet not the leaft for having undertaken fo ardnous a notice was taken of it in the speech. talk, and a panegyric on the speech. The omillion of Ireland was not less It breathed such an ardent affection for important; he almost trembled to say a the welfare of the people, thai, though word on so delicate a subject, but he he had ever been trained in the habit could not help regretting that no menof revering the royal personage, and tion was made of that kingdom. the conftitution of his country, he felt In the House of Commons, the

reverence beyond what he Farl of Lpper Offory rose to move the knew before.

address. He recapitulated the princiLord Hampden, though it was the pal political events that had happened first day of his litting in that House, during the recess, and commented upcould not help teftifying his approba- on each. The late war, eren amid tion, by seconding it. He extolled the the mett serieus rererses of fortune, members of the present administration, liad ferred to place the British characas men by whose united integrity and ter for martial deeds in the highest abilities, we inight expect to see the point of view; no nation was ever innation reilored io as great a height of iolved in a more arduous struggle, and honour, respect, and consequence as it no nition had ever maintained one had ever enjoyed, and inveighed against with fo much firmness and valour; and the peace, as lett by their predecerlors, while intrepidity, virtue, and patriotas raih, scandalous, and infecure. ifin should be rerered among men,

Lord Temple rote not to oppose the the names of the illufirious chiefs who address, or to move any amendment, had signalized themselves in the war -2.Ithough it did not exactly meet his would never be forgotten. approbation, because he wished it to Sir Francis Baffet fcconded it. He pass unanimously. His motive for enumerated the objects to which the troubling their lordships, was, to put speech from the throne called their atthem on their guard 10 watch the pre- tention, and expatiated on their imfent administration with a wary eye. portance. There were oljects to which Tie knew how disgreeable, how dif- the address would bind the House to graceful a task it was, to behold every turn their thoughts, and surely no proceeding with suspicion; but as he man who understood the interest of the had no confidence in ministry, he country, and wished to promote it, should endeavour to point out every would feel any difficulty to pledge himattempt that tended to the ruin of the self on the present occafion. conftitution. He then resorted to the Mr. W. Pite gave it his most hearty old arguments against the coalition. afirmative, as there was not an excepThey had befieged the cabinet, and tionable idea expressed either in the forced an arrangement upon the crown. speech or address. He gave an ingeWhere was the

the honour, the nious turn to this affent. He had to dignity of that House, when it tamely congratulate his country, as well as to perinitted such an outrage? He bv no felicitate himself and those with whom means condemned them for concluding he had acted, that, notwithstanding the peace, although they difapproved the objections which had been ftated to of the terms of it; the public faith was the preliminary treaties, the dchnitive pledged, and they were bound to keep treaties were avowedly little more than it. But what had they done with the a transcript of them. He had, there. United States of Holland? It had been fore, to rejoice, that by them the counboasted that much greater advantages try had been rescued from impending ruin. For the signing of the preli- definitive treaties a matter not of choice minaries that House had refused to but necessity, the inconsistency would thank the crown, though the address vanish. When any man alligned the moved on that occasion was nearly the decrease of our fleets and the disorder same with that which it was now pro- of our finances, as reasons for conposed to carry; Gentlemen muít, cluding such a peace as the last, it was therefore, see that he would vote for incumbent on him to prove, that the it, as it would prove the panegyric of decrease of the one and disorder of the those ministers to whom the House had other had taken place fimply, unacthen denied their thanks. He wished companied by similar misfortunes in the to hear why the signing of the definitive fleets and finances of the enemy. Our treaties had been tu long delayed. He finances, it was true, were not in as hoped that minifters had thought ma- good a state as could be wished, but turely on the affairs of India; and would the honourable gentleman unthat they would come to parliament, dertake to prove, from any event that with a well-digested system of govern- had happened this summer (alluding to ment for the British possessions in that the late failure of the Caiile d'Escomte part of the world, which were now in Paris) that the French Treasury was become the first object of confidera- in such a state, as to set bankruptcy at tion in the empire, the finances of the defiance. The definitive treaties might, country alone excepted. Peace would perhaps, have been figned sooner, but "little avail us, if the respite afforded if any advantages had been gained by from the expences of war were not the delay, and no possible expence inemployed to raise the finking credit of curred, he trusted that the House would the nation, and to prevent those frauds not censure ministers on that head. which rendered the revenue unproduc- He then stated the several causes of tive. He counselled minifters to act delay, and the advantages thence acwith boldness; to bring forward the cruing. The proprietors of lands in amount of the funded and unfunded Tobago had been secured in their prodebt. The people would then be perty. The African trade, particularly made acquainted with their real fitua- the Gum trade, had been fettled, and tion, and thence be convinced of the the coalt, on which the latter may necessity of fubinitting to new burdens. be carried on, particularly afcertained. He lamented that no notice had been The manner in which both crowns taken of the commercial treaty with were to behare with respect to their America. He was acquainted with allies, which before was vague and inthe difficulty of the business, and was definite, was now made so clear, that willing to ascribe the delay to the na- it could not be mistaken, nor become 'ture of the negociation. He expect- the ground of future quarrel. It had ed, however, that one grand system been contended by the courts of Madrid of commerce, built on the circum- and Versailles, that if two years after ttances of the times, would soon be figning the Definitive Treaties, the time submitted to the consideration of the fixed for settling the new commercial House. If the measures proposed by arrangements, thould expire, without minisiers should meet his ideas, he any such arrangements taking place, the would not endeavour, by an ignoble treaty of Utrecht, which had always opposition, to defeat them, but, on been deemed highly beneficial to this the contrary, would give them all the country, would be completely annulied; fupport in his power.

power,

this inconvenience was now reinored. Vir. Fox fuid, that the honourable 'The treaty of Utrecht, and all other gentleman withed to faften on the pre- treaties between France, Spain, and this lent rinifters the imputation of in- country, had been unconditionally reconfiftency; bat when it was confidered, newed; fo that let the negociations for that the signing of the preliininary ar- new commercial arrangements terminate ticles halvledged the faith of the na- as they would, England could be no tion, and rendered the signing of the worfe than the was. He nextexplained

the

the causes, which had produced the re- that, with care and attention, this coulscated delays in entering on the bufiness try might be made to rise as superior of the Ean-Indies. Matters were now in finances to all neighbouring nations, come to such a criss, that if ministers as the pride of Englishmen could wish. wilhed to keep it back, it would itself There was one fimple method of raising press forward for discufsion; and it was the credit of a nation; to reduce its become ausolutcly necessary to put an expenditure to a level with its income. end, by a fuieinn act, to the difficulties. This was his favourite mode. He conexisting in the government of India. cluded by reprobating as abominable He considered Mr. Pict, from what he the idea of taxing the funds; as tendhad said, as pledged to support govern- ing directly to ruin public credit, by ment. He was not without hopes, breaking public faith.

ANTIQUITI E S.

FOR THE LONDON MAGAZIN E. ACCOUNT CF TWO ANCIENT OIL-MILLS, DISCOVERED IN

POMPEJA AND STABIA.

Simplicius. et Antiquius. TACITUS. THIS THIS curious account is extincted from a foreign Journal, intituled Sbocze

del Commercio di rimterdam, and published at Neustad d'Italia. We imagine that we po?efs the only copy which has reached England. In many parts the author's ity le is bold and animated, particularly where he pleads the cause of his native country, against the attacks of modern travellers.

We honour his patriotism, but imagine that he must have ransacked the Sofrims Papers, in order to retaliate the abuses of our countrymen, for such an afteniblage of vices and crimes could hardly have been collected from any other quarter. The Italians, hovrever, if fame say true, are not more virtuous than their neighbours; but the knowledge of their vices cannot be so generally disfeminated, because they have no newspapers.

Of all the Englishmen who have written an account of Italy, our poet Milton, and Dr. Burney, according to this Journalist, are the only two who have giren a fair representation of the country, through which they travelled. This is a severe accusation, but not only the Sellions Papers must have been fcrutinized for intelligence : but every book-ttall from White-Chapel to Hyde-Park Corner must have been rummaged. For to many of the works which he cenfures we are perfect itrangers, and are confident that they will now be better known on the continent than they ever have been in England.

ACCOUNT OF TWO ANCIENT OIL-MILLS. Extracted from ile Notizie Enciclopediche of Milan, Number XXXVII. Page 171,

for the rear 1782. I

HE due molini di olio, uno scoperto covered, one in the ancient Pomnell'antica Pompeja, l' altro negli sca- peja, the other in the excavations of vi di Stabia nel regno di Napoli. Sino Stabia, in the kingdom of Naples, has dall'anno scorso ne fecero onorata been rapidly spread. In the public pamenzione i fogli di Venezia e di li- pers of Venice and Florence of lait renze; ma al presente siamo avvertiti year, they were mentioned with high da un faggio oflervatore come la de- encomiums; but we are now informed, fcrizione già fatta dagli altri ettentori hy a judicious observer, that the defia inadeguata, e che la genuina e reale féription given by former delineators debba considerarfi la feguente, la quale is defective, and that the following con piacere anpunziamo, trattandoli di may be depended on, as true and geuna inacchina che fa onore all'ingegno Buine. We, therefore, publish it with

pleasure,

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