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suffered greatly during the last war, as History and the advancement of sci'it occafioned the loss of half their army. Besides, Java is so universally For this reason, they have ever since reputed an unhealthy island, that rich hept fith in the springs of which they traveliers feldom make any long stay drink the water; and centinels are in it, and others want money, and geplaced near them, who inspect the nerally are too ignorant of the lanwaters erery hour, to fee whether the guage to travel, in order to make inhilli are alive. If they march with an quiries. In future, those who visit army or body of troops into an enemy's' this illand will probably now be incountry, they always carry live fish with duced to make it an object of their them, which they throw into the water, researches, and will furnith us with a fome hours before they venture to fuller description of this tree. drink it, by which means they have I will, therefore, only add, that been able to prevent their total de- there exilis also a fort of Cajoe- Upas struction.

on the coast of Macassar, the poison This account, I Aatter my felf, will of which operates nearly in the same fatis'y the curiosity of my readers, and manner; but is not half so violent and the few facts which I have related will malignant as that of java, and of be con’idered as a certain proof of the which I shall likewise give a more cirexistence of this pernicious tree, and cum'tantial account in a description of its penctrating effects.

that island. If it be asked why we have not yet

J. N. FOERSCH. any more satisfactory accounts of this tree, I can only answer, that the ob [We Thall be happy to communicate ject of most travellers to that part of any authentic papers of Mr. Foersch the world consists more in commercial to the public, through the channel of pursuits than in the itudy of Natural the London Magazine.]


AND IMPROVED. THE miscellaneous department of the London Magazine this month con


solely for that work; and in such a style as cannot but increase its reputation. Let it not be imagined, however, that papers will ever be excluded, because they hare been already published, if their merit intitles them to a place in our repolitory, Our readers now, we truf, are convinced of the eminent fuperiority of the London Magazine, both on account of the novelty, the variety, and the consequence of its contents, in every department.


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Hom. Odyfl. VIII. 63. RS. Ar Williams was the idleness, if we may form a judgement M M

daughter of a furgeon and phy- from the female accomplishments, and fician in South Wales, where he was from the itores of knowledge which she born in the year 1706. Of her early pofleffed at a more advanced period. life little is known, but in all proba Her father, Mr. Zachariah Williams, bility, she did not waste her youth in during his residence in Wales, imagined


that he had discovered, by a kind of herself, with nearly as much dexterity intuitive penetration, what had escaped and readiness, as if she had not suffered the rest of mankind. He fancied, that a loss so irreparable. Her powers of conhe had been fortunate enough to ascer- verfation retained their former vigour. tain the longitude by magnetism, and Her mind did not link under these that the variations of the needle were calamities; and the natural activity of equa!, at equal distances, east and her disposition animated her to unco.west. The idea fired his imagination; mon exertions: and prompted by ambition, and the

« Though fallen on evil days: hopes of fplendid recompence, he de

“ On evil diys though fallen : termined to leave his business and ha “ In darknes, and with daugers compars'] round, bitation, for the metropolis.

“ And solitude ! *" Miss Williams accompanied him, In the year 1746, notwithitanding and they arrived in London about the lier blindness, the published the Lle year 1730;

1730; but the bright views of the Emperor Julian, with notes, which had allured him from his profef- translated from the French of F. La fion soon vanished. The rewards, Bleterie. In this trandation the was which he had promised himself ended alisted by two female friends, whose in disappointment, and the ill-fuccess of name was Wilkinson. This book was his schemes may be interred from the printed by Eowyer, in whose life by only recompence which his journey, Nichols, we are informed, that he conand imagined discovery procured. He tributed the advertisement, and wrote 'was admitted a pensionerat the Charter- the notes, in conjunction, with Mr. House.

Clark, and others. The work was When Miss Williams first resided in revised by Mr. Clark, and Mr. MarkLondon, the devoted no inconsiderable land, whose names are too well known portion of her time to its various in the literary world to require any amusements. She visited every object commendation. that merited the inspection of a polished, It does not appear what pecuniary and laudably inquifitive mind, or could advantages Mifs Williams might derive attract the attention of a stranger. from this publication. They were

At a later period of life, the spoke probably not very considerable, and familiarly of these scenes, of which afforded only a temporary relief to the the impression was never erased, though misfortunes of her father. they must, however, have soon lost their About this time, Mr. Williams, who allurements. Mr. Williams did not imparted his afilictions to all from long continue a member of the Charter- whom he hoped confolation or alliitance, House. An infringement of rules, or told his story to Dr. Samuel Johnien; some other misconduct, obliged him to and among other aggravations of diitess, remove from this asylum of age and mentioned his daughter's blindness. He poverty. He was now exposed to spoke of her acquirements in such high fevere trials, and every succeeding day terms, that Mrs. Johnson, who was encreased the gloominess of his prospects. then living, expressed a desire of seeing In the year 1740, Miss Williams loft her; and accordingly, the was fooa her fight, by a cataract, which prevented afterwards brought to the Doctor's her, in a great measure, from altiding his house, by her father; and Mrs. Joh.fon distresses, and alleviating his forrows. found her pofletted of such qualities, She ftill, however, felt her pasion for as recommended her strongly for a literature equally predominant. She friend. continued the same attention to the Irfpice qui nous paratur, neatness of her dress, and what is more “ An P.ls: fieri vetus jutulis!"'+ extraordinary, continued still the exer As her own state of health, therefore, cise of her needle: a branch of female was weak, and her husband was enaccomplishment in which she had before gaged, during the greater part of the displayed great excellence. During the day, in his ftudies, the gave Mifs Wild lowness of her fortune, she workcd for liams a general invitation. A strict

intimacy * Milton's Paradise Lost. VII. 25. † Martial.

intimacy foon took place; but the en After this dreadful sentence, she joyment of their friendship did not never left the roof which had received continue long. Soon after its com her during the operation. The Doctor's mencement, Mrs. Johnson was attended kindness and conversation foothed her by her new companion in an illness, melancholy fituation, and her fociety which terminated fatally.

seemed to alleviate the sorrows which Dr. Johnfon ftill retained his regard his late loss had occasioned: for her, and in the year 1752, by his A. Msyéan do Brnors Hosposte sulle copas recommendation, Mr. Sharp, the fur

ххки: geon, undertook to perforin the opera 1ηρον ευγε., ως εγώ τε λαμβανί. tion on Miss Williams's eyes, which is D. Aše dý ks zenéne uslov, siç ögov o6évw, usual in fuch cafes, in hopes of restoring Ν.όχθ8 'πιμοψίζεσαν, ως ράον φέρη; her sight.

νεκκομίζειν σοι τόνοις.* Her own habitation was not judged

When Dr. Johofon, however, changed convenient for the occasion. She was, his residence, she returned to lodgings; therefore, invited to the Doctor's. and in the year 1755. her father pubThe furgeon's skill, however, proved lifhed a book, in Italian and English, fruitless, as the cryítalline humour was intitled, “ An account of an attempt not suficiently infpiffate:1, for the to ascertain the Longitude at Sea, by needle to take effect. The recovery an exact theory of the Magnetical of her light was pronounced imposible. Needle.” With the following Table: A carrer Table of th. Magnetica! Variations at the most remarkable Cities in Europe.

Commencing d. D. 1660, and ending 1860.

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This Table, formed upon the true doctrine of magnetism in the year 1754, is recommended to the notice of posterity, by ZACHARIAH WILLIAMS.

'This * Eurip. Eleira. 69. We have uken the literty to divide the freech, as if it were spoken by two different perion»

This copy has been procured for the Sees tardy Science toil at Nature's laws, satisfaction of the curious reader.

And wonders how th’ettect obícures the cause.

Yet not to deep roleurch, or happy guels, In this year 1755, Mrs. Williams's

Is owed the lite of hope, the death of peace. circumstances were rendered more easy, Unbkit the inan u hom philofophick rage by the profits of a benefit play, granted Shall tempt to lose the Christian in the rige, her by the kindness of Vir. Garrick, Nur Art but Goudriels pour’d the ia red say, from which she received two hundred

Thit cheer'd the parting our of humble Gras. pounds, which were placed in the stocks.

About the year 1766, Doctor JohnWhile Mrs. Williams enjoyed so


removed from the Temple, where he comfortable an asylum, her life passed had lived, for some time, in chambers, in one eren tenour.

it was chequered to Jolinfons-Court, Fleet-ftreet, anà by none of those scenes which enliven again invited to his house the worthy biography by their variety.

friend of Mrs. Johnson. The latter The next event of any consequence dered easy and comfortable.

dars of Mrs. Williams were now renin the history of Mrs. Williams, was

Her the publication of a volu ine of “ Mil

wants were few, and to supply them, cellanies in Prose and Verse,” in the she made her income fufficient. She year 1766. Her friends affifted her ftill poflefied an unalterable friend in in the completion of this book, by Dr. Johnson.

Dr. Johnson. Her acquaintance was

Their feveral voluntary contributions;' and select, rather than numerous. an hundred pounds, which was laid society made the infirmities of age leso out in a bridge bond, was added to

intolerable, and communicated a chear. her little flock, by the liberality of fulness to her fituation, which folitary her subscribers.

blindness would otherwise hare renIn these miscellanies, is inserted a

dered truely deplorable. poem on the death of Mr. Gray, the

She died at the house of her frierd, celebrated electrician, which we shall in Bolt-Court, Fleet-Itreet, whither tranfcribe, not only as a frecimen of they removed about the year 1775, the work, but because it nientions her

on the fixth of September 1783, aged blindness, and thews that she was the seventy-seven years. Her death was first who observed and notified the occafioned by a stone in the gall bladder, emission of the electrical spark, from

a diforder with which physicians have the human body.

not been long acquainted. The pains

which the endured were not very acute, ON THE DEATH OF STEPHEN Gray, although they occasioned a continual

reitletinefsand languor. She bequeathed F. R. S.

all her little effects to a charity, which The author of ihe Present Dofrine of had been instituted for the education of Eletiricity*

poor deserted girls, and supported by

the voluntary contributions of fez eral LONG hat thou born the burihen of the day, ladies. I hy taik is ended, venerable Gray! No more thall art thy dext'rous hand require

The character of Mrs. Williams, To break the sleep of elemental fire;

which in many respects well deserves To route the powers that actuate nature's frame, to be made an object of public obserThe momentineous shock, th' electrick flame;

vation, will be difficult to describe The flame which tirit, weak pupil of thy lore, I law, condemn'd, alas! to lee no more.

with justice: fince those who knew Now, hurry fage, purtue thy happy flight,

her weil will undoubtedly perceive With switier motion hatte to purcr light, omislions. Let them be attributed to Where Bacon waits, with Newton and with Boyle, ignorance rather than design. To hail why genius, and applaud thy toil; Where intuition breaks through time and space,

All who were intimately acquainted And mocks Experiment's successive race;

with her must have felt the higheil re


* The publisher of this mifcellany, as she was affifting Mr. Gray in his expe:iments, was the firit that oblerica and notiticu the emillion of the electrical ipork from a human body.

gard for her. Few, very few women ally in her company, were always surequalled her in knowledge: by which, prised at the litile disadvantage under it is not to be underitood, that she was which she seemed to labour, from her skilled in the learned languages; though want of fight; as she could afist herthere are reasons for conjecturing that self with so much case and readiness, she was not wholly ignorant of the La that the required little attendance. tin tongue in the former part of her Her moral and religious character lise. By this expreslion is meant that was most exemplary. In friendship she general acquaintance with men and was unshaken; and those who conthings, which constitutes the most usi- sulted her, found a moft found and ful part of human knowledge.

zealous adviser in all affairs. Some She underltood French and Italian, allowances must be made for her teinand her skill in geography was uncom per, which had been embittered in mon. She knew the relative situation early life by misfortunes, and it is not of almost every place on the globe. wonderful if it was rendered somewhat Nor was the less acquainted with mag- peevish by her situation, and the innetism, and the powers of the lode- firmities of age and constitution, at a ftone. The instruments which her fa- more advanced period, ther invented to ascertain his fancied To this imperfect account of so exdiscoveries remained in her porsellion cellent and extraordinary woman, let till she died.

the expressive words of a lady who had Though her acquisitions were gene- many years known her intimately, and rally of the masculine kind, yet she who holds her memory in the highest was nothing defective in the female estimation, be added, by way of conbranches of domestic management and clution: “ She was a person extremely economy. Nor was her knowledge intereiting; she had an tinctured with the least degree of for- firmness of mind, a boundless curiomality or affectation, which is too fity, retentive memory, and strong commonly the case with female fophifls. judgement. She had various powers

Her taste for literature was pure and of picating: her personal afflictions and penetrating. Her reading was by no flender fortune the seemed to forget means contined to the serious style, the when she had the power of doing an perused, with equal pleasure, all works act of kindness; she was social, chearof imagination.

ful, and active in a fate of body that Thote wlio were only slightly ac was truely deplorable.” quainted with her, and only occalion




Men, fome to busine's, fome to pleasure take;
Eut every woman is at heart a raké.


T has seen the constant practice of works, will fully juftify, and he cer

the male writers to embrace erery tainly merited the chastisement he once opportunity of making themselves received, on that account, from the

the expence of the women; hands of an oifended female. If woand it may, perhaps, with propriety be men are of a difpofition, gay, lively, advanced, that there are often many and cheartul, they ve then censured as marks of malevolence and ill-nature in bold, forward, and alluming; if they thofe attacks on the fair sex, which are are thoughtful and reserved, they have concealed under the veil of wit and then the cpithets befowed on them of pleafantry: 'I hat Mr. Pope was an prudes, nopes, and poor things: fo ill-natured cur, the above motto, as that, however prudent and consistent well as many other pasages in his their conduct may be, they are sure to fill LUND. Mag. Dec. 1793,


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