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under the lash of some male tongue, assembly alive, which would otherwise which is accustomed to utter nothing be dull and heavy; and, indeed, but flander. I mean not, however, to what are all parties of pleasure, unless draw all mankind under this descrip women form a part of them? The comtion; I allude only to those pretty, pany of a prudent and senfiole woman smirkling, fınooth-faced foplings,whose is frequently a check on the querulous company is more dangerous to a wo and impetuous temper of fome men, man's reputation than to her virtue. who, out of respect to the daughters Such poor creatures as there, the of Venus, are prevailed on to be peacethoughtless part of the world con- able and quiet, if not adtable and goodsider as proper companions for the natured. Why women should not deladies, because they are too effeminate light in innocent pleasures, as well as to keep the company of men, their men, eren the pettish Mr. Pope has whole conversation turning on the pro never attempted or condescended to priety and impropriety of female fa tellus. If we take a candid review of Thions. One of these fribbles will fociety in general, I am sure it will be entertain a woman for an hour on the acknoirledged, that when a large co
comeificacy of a newly-invented cofimetic, pany of men are assembled together, and will hold a long ditiertation on the among whom women are adproperly placing of a patch in the centermitted, that their conversation generally of perfection. Lat, furely, the cen coníits of noise, nonsense, and obsce. fures of these bearclefs boys, thefe nity; and this confequently proves, little riffes in breeches, are beneath my how necessary the society of women is, attention. I fall, therefore, address to refine the taite, preserve the morals, myself to those beings who are worthy and regulate the conversation of manof the title of men, and who will ceafe kind. 'Though it must be contefled, to censure our fex, when they are can that every woman is not formed by didly reminded of the obligations they nature and education to enliven fociety, ove us. Ii fome women have deserved
yet the same objection will be against the character of rakis, is it not the men numberless men; and whatever may be who have made them such? The ge- advanced against women, may be fully nerality of men have some bufiness or prored against the opposite sex. I particular occupation to command their would, therefore, with, that idle preattention, while women in a genteel judices and censures against women line of life have little else to do than to may cease, and that they may hold the amuse themselves in the most plealing fame rank in society as men, as far as manner they can; and, if this is con the delicacy of their sex will admit, fined within the bounds of innocence, since, without the company of women, they ought to be free from censure. society would foon languih, and man Prudent and sensible men are always become a dull, insipid, and helpless ready to acknowls se, that the com
animal. pany of women frequently keeps an
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE. SIR, "НЕ
su es: v defence of Gray's Latinity, by To D'Erbei@L'LES "Lev To pessov, vai Phileleutherus Norfolciensis, in a former Magazine, has induced me to send -00;1284.c cot HE 22416', you the following correction of a frag Now he's Gonna 1892'(), &c. ment of Alceus, in which the metre The verses are thus arranged by Stehas been contantly defroyed, by the phens, and e:ery cher collector of the improper arrangement of the verses. fragrer.ts of the lyric poets that I Tie lines are quoted by Heraclides of hare examince. They seem to have Pontus:
ima ned, that the third line of the
Alcaic ftanza, and the first word of and again, in the fame author: the fourth were omitted in the quota
Μελιχρον, αυταρ αμφι κορσα. tion, or else to have supposed the paf- Horace invariably inserts a spondce in fage to labour under an hopeless corruption. Both fuppofitions are equal this place, as ly erroneous. They do not seem to “ Non vultus inftantis tyranni.” have considered that the first fyllable of It is needless to accumulate examples. vazi is always long. Theocritus, Idyll. Thus easily, and without any vion
lence, are these verses restored to the Αλλ 'εμπης υμεις τε και εκ βυθα εληέιε metrical exactlefs in which they were
left by Alceüs. The lines are very The verse will not admit the pes Arti- beautiful, and it is much to be la bacchius in ultima jede. How easily mented, that the reit of the poem is may these lines be restored! It is the loft. It was probably from this oriforft line of the stanza which is left out ginal, that Horace, who conštantly in the citation, and not the third. imitates the Greeks, was indebted for
the XIVth Ode of the First Book, if This is evident. For omit ', and write
such an inference may be drawn from , with
a double !, 114659V, which is common among the oric
the following lines of it, which seem
to refer to this fragment: poets. Sappho, in the beautiful Ode to Venus, preserved by Dionyfius of
.“ Nonne vides, ut Halicarnaffus, in his treatise
Nudum remigio latus,
Et malus celeri Caucius Afri o, θεσεως ονοματων :
Antenneque gemant; et line tunibus
Vix durare carina pos 81:HLETULUI
Æquor? Non tibi iunt integra lintea." Then place Nui as the first word of the last line, and the whole will appear
Francis has not been very happy in his
translation: regular, and unbroken: Το μεν γαρ
“ Behold thy naked decks: the southern blast, ενθεν
Hark how it whistles through the vending matt: Το δειξεν αμμες αν το μεσσον Nor without ropes, thy heel can longer brave Ναι φορη θα συν μελανά,
The ruthing fury of th' impetuvai wave; Χειμωνι μοχθούντες μεγάλων Καλαν
Torn are thy fáuts.” Παρ μεν γαρ αλης ισοτεδ ' εκεί,
The auki!!!ing of the wind is not in the ΛαιΦος δε ταν αδη οι 11,
original; nor is it an improvement. K.4 2.7 sebe - Heyza 2 xü'avan, i have long withed to fce a AlagaΧαλασι δ' αγκυρλι.
zine conducted on such a plan as you The omiffion of s’in the second line hare adopted, that scholars might be is absolutely necessary, for Alceus
induced to communicate their correc
puts an Iambico in the third place of this tions of errors, and their explanations verse, as may be seen from the next
of difficulties to the literary world, ftanza:
when they are not of fuificient magni
tude to form an Epijtola Critica. Λαιφο; δε παν αδηλον ηδη,
With beit withes for the success of and from another fragment preserved your ingenious miscellany, I remain by Atheneus:
Your's, &c. Ω Εκχε, φαρμακον δ'αρισον,
FOR THE LONDON MAGAZINE.
the furely escape your observation, that bench to the cobler in the stall, you politics constitute the chief end of hear nothing but treaties, bills, reforms,
3 X 2
votes, cenfures, and debates. If you arranging the metaphors of politics, to assume the haughtiness of a courtier, do which we must consider what the and dwell in the inmost parts of St. most common metaphors are. James's, you find yourself at the helm First, Mr. Editor, government is of government, and if you take the compared to a SHIP. Hence we hear swiftness of a pigeon, and fly to the of the helm, which I take to be the uttermolt parts of Whitechapel, you Treasury Bench. Storms are not unhave reason to wonder his Majesty does frequent, also, particularly the dreadful not chuse his privy counsellors from hurricanes of contrary winds, and it is behind the counter, and create secre a remarkable property of those winds, taries and firit lords from grocers and that they blow from all quarters at first fiulers. No situation can confine
Thus a few weeks
ago, they the lingue-motive abilities of men. You blowed from the east, and from the have chancellors and lawyers where the north, from the west, and from the world sees only chandlers and labourers, south, and had not the master of the and the national debt is often paid by vessel called all hands on deck, and an inhabitant of the King's-Bench. promised to promote them, it is an
As the general conversation of man hundred to one but the rrfsel must kind turns incessantly upon one topic, have foundered. Besides storins from we are not to wonder if trope, meta without, the vessel fometimes springe a phor, and simile should often appear. leak, and if the mariners are not able We are not to wonder that all the to stop it, the proprietors of the ship flowers, and even all the weeds, trees, impute it to their negligence, and foreits, and blighted fruit of rhetoric dismiss them from their fervice. This 1hould appear. The newspapers, those metaphor of the ship is not unfrequent, fovereign cordials to a political mind, but it is rather unfortunate, as we hear those epifpaftics to the Nuggish blood, often of her having more fail than and inert nerves of Englishmen, gene- ballait, that the mariners sometimes rally diétate the opinions of the day. run her ashore, or turn pirates and
Ruminating last night, in my gown injure the proprietors. Besides, in and Nippers, on these weighty con some cases, the has trusted more to her cerns, I could not help thinking that guns than to the fair custom of trade, he might do a service to the public who and not unfrequently (but let this be fhould reduce political language to some among ourjelves, Mr. Editor) her bills of ftandard, and arrange the metaphors of lading are made up from false eftimates. politics in a certain regular progress. At present, since the peace, she is laid My abilities I confess, are woefully un up in dock, and they are bufied in equal to the talk; my political career repairing her. Very good judges prohas been but short, nor have I per nounce that she wears exceeding well, formed many of those feats which di- and only wants careful hands to man ftinguith the forward patriots of the her. day. I never destroyed above one fleet, Secondly, Government has been nor captured Jainaica a'ovu twice. i compared to a Horst.
Hence we inale only three arrangements of mi- hear of the reins of government. I do nistry previous to the last change, and not profefs myself to be enamoured of I do not remember that I ever pro- this inetaphor. As a borfe governinent ceeded further in liquidating the na has often flung his rider, and no sooner tional debt, than by propoling to anni. did he arrive at the goal of peace than hilate it. Twice, indeed, I impeached he fell down on his knees, and was a certain noble lord, and I conquered beat and bruised by the other horses in America for near two months. But, the course, particularly by a French alas. these are but triling services, and horse, remarkable for his swiftness in thow my practice to have been but running. At present, ministry seem founty. I all, therefore, content iny. likely enough to keep the faddle, as fulf with throwing out a few loose they have got a new invention of Indian linti concerning my intended plan of stirrups. Much will depend on the
horse's moving in an equable pace. in the year 1775, when the patient The galloping during the American voided a large quantity of blood. war was certainly detrimental, and he Different modes of cure are now was distanced in every heat. The adopted. Some are for epipotici, to knowing ones never, indeed, were fo cure the lethargic state of the folids, palpably taken in, the reason of which and others are for leaving all to nature, I take to be, that the rider did not having but little courage to atteinpt a know the use of the bridle, and just as new mode. Some use bitters made up he was turning to ride home, an Irisly in budgets, but they generally produce rogue came behind and cut off his tail, bad effects. Others are for indulging on purpofe to make chair-bottoms for the patient in all his different longings, the grand convention. At present cropped juit as unhappy persons who have habihories are in fathion, and it must be tuated their constitution to fpirits are confeited our horse is not fingular, for obliged at length to increase their dose, he scem cropped of all his fenses. and find that nature cannot do without
Thirdly, and lastly, for I wish not it. to be tedious, government is compared These, Mr. Editor, may serve as to a Body. Hence we hear of the specimens of metaphorical discourses, conftitution, and that ministry could not which are held in all fathionable places ftomach this or that, and that they had of political resort. My reason for digefted this or that bill. According to wishing that the metaphors were ftuthis metaphor, it appears that bleeding died and properly arranged is, that they has been repeatedly employed to cure are often abfurdiy mixed. For instance, the difeares of this conftitution, but the ship and the horse are often joined, that instead of curing it has increased and sometimes we hear of the skip and the malady, and brought on a weak. the members, and the horse all in one. ness that threatens a speedy dissolution. We are likewise often at a lofs to know The reafon of this was not that bleed- how to translate plain language into ing was absolutely improper, but it was theraphorical. Ex. Gr. Is the receipt taken from a wrong part of the body. tax a comit, or a blister? Is it a part of
The cephalic vein, which goes to the the horse-whip, or a itirrup? Is it a head, should have been pricked, instead part of the baliat, or only part
of the of which they opened the veilels in the cabin stores ? The India bills tvo-are lower extreinities, and let out such a thev ftrengtheners or purgers? Are they quantity of blood, as to weaken the jhors for the horle, or a bridlı, or arr tone of the stomach; a severe mortifica- they, which I faspect to be the cast, tion was the consequence, and the limb a new jaddle. Are they tort-haules for was obliged to be amputated; nor was this ministerial guzi, oricating batteries for amputation well performed, for the fur- oppofition? Hinoidle lacryme! There, geon cut off more than was necetary; Vir. Editor, are alarning difficulties, nay, some are of opinion, that the limb I know not what your learned men might have been saved, had they applied are about, but I cannot help saying lenetites before thescarlet fever tookplace. that it is the duty of some of them to
The food by which the comititut on apply their minds to this subject. The is upheld has often been complained great importance of it appears from this, of. "Tender ftomachs, such as those of that when we are disposed to censure convaleícenis, cannot bear strong meats, government, we may use the language the receipt tax, for instance, although of metaphor, without danger of losing twice ferved up in different thapes, does ourears, or being confined in Newgate, not agree with the itomach, producing whereas, if we use plain language, we windy complaints. Rrform bills, too, may endanger our lives, fortunes, and are rather high feafored, and increase liberty, nay, even that most important the bulk of the body without adding of all fpecies of liberty, the liberty of to its strength. The use of toa bas eating, so dear and so grateful to the often proved detrimental, particularly feelings of an Englishman.
will properly recommend Mr. Editor, this subject to public notice, is the par Your most obedient servant, ticular request of,
TIMOTHY TROPELOVE. Somewhere, Dec. 5, 1783.
FOR THE LONDON MAGAZINE.
LIFE OF RICHARD BENTLEY, D. D.
PLATO, de Legib. IV. (Continued from page 417.) A POUT this time appeared a book,
These remarks deserve the highest intituled “ A Discourse of Free- commendation, whether we consider thinking, occafioned by the Rise and the design or the execution. Those Growth of a Sect, called Free- powers of ratiocination, that lively THINKERS.” The dangerous ten- wit, that quickness of imagination, dency of this work, which was gene. and that penetrating acuteness, which rally read, determined Bentley to an shope so conspicuously in the dissertaswer it publickly, under his assumed tion on Phalaris, were now again difname of Phileleutherus Lipfienfis. He played. Ignorance and perversion were addressed his reply to Dr. Hare, al never more thoroughly exposed. though Collins, the author of the These Remarks, and the introduc. book, had been his pupil. The title tory letter, asforded Dr. Hare an opwas,
“ Remarks upon a late Discourse portunity of publicly demonstrating his of Free-thinking; in a Letter to F. H. regard for Bentley, and in the course D. D. by Phileleutherus Lipsiensis." of the year he addressed a pamphlet to
In the address he compliments Hare him, intituled “ The Clergy man's upon the care and secrecy with which Thanks to Phileleutherus Lipsienfis, he conveyed his annotations on Me- &c.” in which he urged the author to nander to the press, which encouraged continue and complete his remarks. hiin to send him these remarks on Col Before the expiration of the year, liny.
therefore, appeared the second part of Dr. Salter * has informed us, that this critique on Collins, with another Bentley is not serious, when he com letter to his friend H. H. in which he pliments Hare for his taciturnity and assures him, that his request was his Tecrecy, with respect to the emenda- only inducement to pursue the subject, tions of Menander. He has not, how as he had many weighty reasons which ever, declared his authority for such urged him to reinain filent. This an assertion, and if it was conjeéture, publication did not complete his orithere seems no foundation upon which ginal design, but contains a critical to build such a suspicion. It does not examination of the translations which appear, that the delay of the papers he gives of his quotations from the was occasioned by any mistake of ancients. But Collins did not require Haret, or that he ever betrayed the so acute an examiner to refute his ersecret. At this time, though they. af- roneous affertions. Bentley displays terwards quarreled, he almost idolized his usual penetration, but the fubject the Matter of Trinity College; Sciop- finks beneath him: “ The former part pius scarcely venerated Scaliger in a of the book (he says in his introduce higher degree. Why then should tory letter) contained matters of conBentley pay him any ironical compli- fequence, and gave fome play to the ments?
answerer; but the latter is a dull heap
ot * In his additional notes to the new edition of Bentley's Differtation on Phalaris, p. 448.
+ See an account of this affair in our last Magazine, p.318.