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We shall avail ourselves of the TRANSACTIONS of the different societies esta. blished for the dissemination of knowledge in ourown country; and hall select the most important papers from the memoirs of every foreign academy, and from the records of every university in Europe.
Among the various subjects of which we mean to treat will be included every fpecies of mechanical combinations, whether remarkable for their utility of ingenuity, essays on natural history, and interesting chemical and electrical ex periments,
By our choice of subjects, and by our mode of communicating them, we trust that our Philosophical Papers will appear an object of importance to men of fcience. At the same time, it is our hope to render them, by their clearness; sources of utility and entertainment to those who have been prevented from acquiring a deep insight into these subjects by other necessary avocations.
III. ASTRONOMY, MATHEMATICS, AND NAVIGATION. AFTER our papers on subjects of Natural Philosophy, we shall lay before our readers an accurate account of astronomical and nautical discoveries, with treatises on the various branches of the mathematics.
A wide field is thus opened, and though there feldom arises a Herschell. we hope to find matter to gratify the lovers of astronomy. To improvements in navigation we will carefully attend, and the numerous admirers of mathema. tical subjects will find in our essays entertainment blended with instruction.
In this department, as in the former, we shall enrich our work with extracts from foreign journals, as well as with accounts of the discoveries recorded in England. We shall select the most curious passages from every valuable book on scientific subjects, for the entertainment of our readers. So that, in these two divisions of The London Magazine, the public will find a complete view of the present state of science in Europe.
IV. MATHEMATICAL QUESTIONS.THE next department of our work will be allotted to Mathematical Questions, in which useful subjects will be preferred to those which * If any gentleman, who pursues these subjects for pleasure of improvement, should favour us with answers, they will be inserted in a future number. To these correspondents clearness is recommended rather than difficulty. .
If any question be transmitted to us, it must be accompanied with a reso lution. It will otherwise, in all probability, be rejected; as to resolve every question which might be sent would employ too much of our time, even if we possessed abilities equal to a talk fo arduous. . In this department, likewise, we shall most sedulously endeavour to avoid errors, and shall consider ingenuity, and neatness in composition, as the strongest pleas that can be advanced in fac vour of any solution.
The utility of such a collection can hardly be disputed, and one of the first mathematicians that this nation, or any other, has produced, asserts, that correspondencies of this nature have“ contributed more to the study and improvement of the mathematics, than half the books which have been professedly written on the subje&t."
V. MEDICINE. THIS division of our work will be employed, only occasionally, when any, re markable case in surgery, or any discovery in medicine, offers itself for insertion.
: We wish that our labours should prove really beneficial to the community. The health of the body, as well as the improvement of the mental faculties, Thall be considered by us as an object of consequence.
VI. MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS. IN this department it is our wish to gain the attention of every reader, and to admit the communications of every correspondent, who displays ingenuity. in his compositions, and writes on subjects that merit attention.
In the almost boundless variety of topics which crowd upon us in this division of our Magazine, we may particularize critical disquisitions, essays on points of taste, lives of eminent men, biographical, literary, and entertaining anecdotes of distinguished characters, improvements in agriculture, enquiries on subjects of antiquity, a detail of modern discoveries, and papers of amusement,
In these articles, which will be partly original, and partly selected from the works of celebrated authors in all languages, we shall attend more minutely to grammatical correctness, and to the various ornaments of style, than is usually lupposed to be necessary in those compofitions which are presented to public, through the channel of a Magazine.
VII, POETRY. IN the department allotted to Poetry, we do not promise a very plentiful harvest. It is our intention to raise our work in every respect above medio. crity. We shall, therefore, admit no poetical composition into our collection which does not possess some portion of merit;
“ For middling poets, or degrees in wit,
“ Nor men, nor gods, nor rubrick-posts admit,” as our English Terence bas admirably translated the well known adage of Horace.
VIII. THE LITERARY REVIEW. IN our work, an account of new publications will fill an important department.
The union of the three species of criticism, which have been with great propriety intitled the Philosophical, the Historical or Explanatory, and the Corrective, seems to form the province of the reviewer.
In our account of Books we shall endeavour to point out the principles upon which good writing depends : we shall comment on the examples preTented to our view, and examine whether by their excellencies they confirm and illustrate the rules of compofition, which the decisive consent of the learned has establifhed through fucceffive ages; or whether their authors, by a deficiency in genius, taste, or judgement, have infringed the critical canons. Lastly, we shall think it incumbent on us, to point out, with a view to correction, the errors and inaccuracies which fometimes creep into the most polished writings. Of these three departments, the laft is infinitely the most disagreeable:
hic labor eft! This is the post of drudgery; and unthankful is the employment, as well as laborios.' In general, we shall not, in our articles, enter into mi. nute details, and, in our choice of books, we shall select those from the mass of daily publications which are written on instructive and amusing subjects. Works of learning and taste, we shall examine with care and attention, but Mall review no book merely because it is dull, or because it ferves to display our talents for ridicule, and our abilities for correction. But
all works of an immoral tendency, and those which may contribute to a falso tafte in compofition, we shall treat with the asperity which they deserve.
Let it not, however, be expected, that we shall retail scandalons anecdotes, draw family pictures, or write the secret histories of living authors. Our pages shall never give pain to modeft genius, or trespass on the circle of domestic happiness. We review the works of authors, and not their private conduct. We wish to cull lowers from every part of the gardens of literature and amusement, but it Shall be our endeavour to select those only which are without thorns for the acceptance of our readers. IX. THE ENGLISH THEATRE, AND REGISTER OF PUBLIC
ENTERTAINMENTS. AFTER our L'terary Review, we shall give a summary account of the state of the theatres. In this department will be given a short account of every new theatrical performance, with the prologue, epilogue, fongs, and other appen. dages, interspersed with occafional strictures on the merits of managers and perfurmers.
We shall sometimes also add a short view of the other public amusements, in the number and variety of which our metropolis exceeds, perhaps, every city in Europe.
X. MONTHLY CHRONOLOGY. FOREIGN tranfactions and domestic incidents should be related without bials, and with the nicest accuracy. This is always expected, frequently promised, and seldom performed.
We shall endeavour to avoid contradictions and false accounts; and shall insert no relation of events which appears to want the sanction of authority, or to be diftorted by prejudice; and, in collecting and arranging these materials, we fall be less liable to mistakes than those from whose accounts we draw them, as we shall avail ourselves of their own recantations.
We wish our Magazine to be considered, not merely as a repository of the day, but as a faithful regifter of news, births, deaths, marriages, preferments, stocks, bankruptcies, &c. for the consultation and advantage of pofterity; and when viewed in this rational light, there will be found few books in any library of more real service and entertainment, than a series of The London Magazine.
The insertion of prints has, of late years, been considered as forming a necessary part of the plan of a Magazine. Such a custom is surely " more honoured in the breach, than the observance." We hope to prove ourselves fuperior to such paltry decorations. Should any subject, however, appear of fufficient importance to merit the notice of the publick, we intend to present our readers with an engraving, by the hand of a master, which shall reflect credit on our publication.
It now only remains for us to give a general invitation to correspondents. We shall be happy to allow a place to any ingenious composition : we shall attend to hints for the improvement of our plan, and adopt them with gratitude, if worthy approbation.
Such are our designs. Some of our departments are original, and peculiar to ourselves. The public, however, will judge of the care and kill with which our plan has been formed, and will decide on the ability with which it Ihall be executed. Our fuccefs, we know, will depend upon our merit.
HE division on Lord John Caren- that he was an enemy to reformation:
, duced the effect that was proposed by of this country. Sir William Stanhope it. It forced the Earl of Shelburne expressed his surprise at seeing Mr, from the helm; and his colleagues Burke ftand up the advocate of a man thared his fate. The feals of office whom he himself had more than once were not immediately resigned in form: averred in that House to be a very fit but they were only held, for the pur- object for impeachment: yea, against pose of preventing an entire cessation whom he once went so far as to declare of public business, till a new admini- that he had in his pocket an impeachAration should be formed. In the in- ment ready drawn, and that if the terval the struggles for power were di- House was prepared to execute it he sected with a violence that did little was prepared to bring it forward. Mr. credit to the competitors. But there Duncombe said that he had not ex, was something that gave the judicious pressed himself sufficiently Atrong and and disinterelled part of the nation decisive: instead, therefore, of laying more disgust than the violence of com- that he Mould reluctantly support an petition. They saw so much hypocri- adminiftration that adinitted Lord ly under the disguise of patriotism; such North to a share in it, that he would selfishness in principle, such duplicity positively aver that he never would in conduct among the great leaders of support it at all. He judged of the the COALITION, that they grew fick men by his measures; and concluded of profeilions; and having discovered that the past were only so many wretchso many of the orators, whose tongues ed earneils of the future. dropped manna, to be false and hollow The petition (together with another in fome things, were ready to suspect to the same purport by the corporathat they were so in all, and deserved, tion of York, presented by Sir Charles instead of public confidence, public de- Turner) was brought up, read, and orteftation.
dered to lie upon the table. When Mr. Duncombe (the member On February 28, Sir George Yonge for the county) presented, on the 24th (the Secretary at War) ftared that of February, the Yorkshire petition to 1,300,000l. having been already voted the House, for a more equal represen- oneftimates for the extraordinaries of the tition in parliament, he bestowed some" army, there still remained 1,616,000l, high compliments on Mr. Pitt for the This, he said, was a considerable fum; zeat he had manifested in effecting a but he had the pleasure to inform the reform, and at the same time censured committee that it was less by 800,00cl. Lord North for a contrary difpofition;" than the estimates for the same fervice adding, that it would be with reluce in the year 1781. He moved for tance that he should support an admi- 1,616,000l. and the motion passed the niftration of which that noble lord House without any debate. should form a part. This called up
his The same day the Chancellor of the lordship's new friend Mr. Burke, who Exchequer moved that the House should declared that Lord North had not said, resolve itself into a Committee of Ways
and Means, in which he further moved year than there were the last year; but that a sum not exceeding one million as four regiments had been lent by sterling be raised on Exchequer bills Ireland to England, and which were to be redeemed out of the first aids put on the English establishment, the granted to his Majesty for the year saving would be for the present year of 1734. The motion passed without op- the pay of between five and fix thousand position. After the House was Tumed, the Chancellor of the Exche- The several resolutions respecting the quer brought in his bill for abolishing army estimates were agreed to; but on certain finecure and patent places in the the second reading of the resolutions on Cuftoms, and for making compenfa- the following day (March 4) Sir P. J. tion for those who might suffer by the Clerke expressed dissatisfaction at the abolition of such places. Mr. Burke idea of putting officers of the American expressed his disapprobation of the bill,. corps on the establishment. This (he but deferred opposition to it till the said) would give them, not only halfsecond reading of it, when a debate on pay, but rank in the army, to the preits merits would of course take place. judice of many of our own officers who He offered, however, one reason that deserved well of the public; and pollia led him to dislike the reformation it bly we should soon hear of a Majorpretended to effect. He thought it General Simcoe, though that gentlewould destroy those counterbalances man hath at present no rank in Engwhich every state onght to have within land. itself against the preponderancy of any Mr. George On Now opposed the reparticular branch of goveşnment. - An solution which gave establishment and. order was made for the printing of the rank to the Provincial corps, and dia, bill, and that it Ihould be read a second vided the House on a motion he made, time on the Monday fortnight. which was seconded by Sir Cecil
March 3d, The Secretary at War Wray, for re-committing the resolution, moved that estimates for the ordinary" when the numbers ftood, Ayes 37. expences of the army should be referred Noes 76. to a Committee of Supply. Mr. David March 5. The bill for securing to Hartley opposed the motion as far as Ireland the exclusive right of legislarelated to the estimates of the German ture and judicature, after a light troops; and insisted on dividing the amendment proposed by Lord BeauHouse in order to take the sense of the champ, was agreed to. By this bill members. On a divifion Mr. Hartley England renounces all jurisdiction over found a majority of 175 against him, Ireland for ever. and in favour of the original motion. The next day Mr. Powys made his
The House then went into a Com- promised motion respecting the grant mittee of Supply, and the Secretary at of pensions to the following effect War stated the different descriptions of that “Whereas his Majesty hath from corps in the army, and the fums neces- his paternal regard to the welfare of sary for their subsistence for 121 days; his people, and his desire to avoid imbut ftating the whole year's pay for the posing any new bụrthens on the public, Germans (which Mr. Hartley, and nine been graciously pleased to suppress the other members disapproved of) dating several offices mentioned in his Ma-, for the whole army from the 24th of jesty's message to this House in the last December laft. He faid the number session of parliament, and has likewise of men voted for the land-service last given his royal afsent to an act for year amounted to 186,220;, but as carrying the said molt gracious design the independent companies which had into execution, and for regulating the been ordered to be raised in 1780 had granting of pensions, and preventing not been compleated, they had been all excelies therein; this House truits taken off the establishment, by which that some economical moderation will reduction there would be fewer men by be adhered to in respect to any pension nine or ten thousand to provide for this his Majesty may be advised to grant