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STI fally to shun the ragged and tattered sleeue of any suppli- He stood, and smoot Filisties, til his honde failide, and STERN, ad. In Wiclif Bible, the E. V. Luke ant, holding up to him a simple soiled bill of complaint. was starke. (E. V. heuy, obrigesceret:?
See Hackluyt, v. l. King Edgar.
xix. 22, reads haustern ; the L. V. sterne.
Id. 2 Kings xxiii. 10. SQUIRE.
With steernnesse (austeritate) je comaundide to hem and migerun), Come, and passe we to the stacioun of these un- nesse, and heezende (hying) and dredende, he sterte (L. I'.
with power.- Wic. Ex. xxxiv. 4. cercumcidide.- Wic. " 1 Kings xiv. 6. skippyde, eriluit) out of the see (seat).- Wic. Esth. xv. 11.
STERNE. To lay down. Lat. Sternere. See STABLE, v. This Duk his courser with his sporres smote,
Skinner. Chaucer uses the expression, “Sternyng
And at a stert, he was betwix hem two. I schal reren thi seed aftir thee, that schal ben of thi
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1707.
Death.” Test. of Loue, b. i. at the beginning. sonys, and schul stablen the rewme of hyin. (L.V.stablische, stabilim.)- Wic. I Par. xvii. 12.
But the context supplies no clue to the meaning.
STARVE. STARVATION. We owe this word, A wis king is the stablete (L. V. stablischyng, stabili
STEW. it seems, to Henry Dundas, the first Lord Melville, mentum) of the pople.-K. Wisd. vi. 26.
Peter! so ben the women of the stives, But the life to come is the stablement and the propre who used it in a speech on American affairs in 1775,
Quod this Sompnour, yput out of our core. house of myne undedly soule. and obtained for himself the name of Sturvation
Chaucer. The Freres Tale, v. 6914. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, i. 12. Dundas. See H, Walpole to Mason, v. ii. p. 396. STACK. It is, I think, a solitary instance of this Latin ter
God of his goodnesseSeint John sayth, that avouterers shul ben in helle in a mination to a native English root.
Garte the hevene to stekie, stacke brenning of fire and brimstone.
Ye, sterre he shal, and that in lesse while,
And stonden in quiete.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 703.
Strike me with thi staf,
With stikke, or with yerde.-Id. Ib. v. 7467.
It happed him, par cas,
For the Lord shal deme the cause of hym, and he shal
stik them, that stekeden (configet, qui confizerunt) the lijf And dronke; and yave his felaw drinke, also; STAGE.
For which, anon, they storven bothe two.
of hym.- Wic. Prov. xxii. 23. Ne the grete ship of thre stagis (trieris) shal not ouergon
Id. 16. v. 12822.
(The candelstyk was) of betun out gold as wel the myddil it. - Wic. Is. xxxiii. 21.
stok (stipes) as al the thinges of either side.
ld. Num. viii. 4. STAGNATE. The cavalcade (of judges on horseback) being once well
STICKLE. settled for the march, moved, as the design was, statelily This Sea (the Orkneys) they report to be slow and stagrate.-Gordon. Tacitus Agricola. along.–Roger North. Campbell. Life of Shaftesbury, in a fair way of being routed, he stickles between the re
When he sees half of the Christians killed, and the rest v. ii. p. 310. STAIN. In Ex. xxxv. 36, Polymitarius is ren- There was a common saying in those days (when Lord
mainder of God's host and the race of tiends.
Dryden in Todd. dered steynour.
Mansfield was at the Bar), “ Mr. Murray's statement is of
Lord Campbell. Life of Lord Mansfield, p. 562. of a kyde that thei had slayn steyneden (tinserunt).
Deep water (is) the woordis of the month of a man; and
a stef strem (L. V. a stronde fletinge ouet, torrens) the reNe ther shal be maad enene to it (wisdom) topasie of
boundende welle of wisdame. - Wic. Prov. xviii. 4. Ethiope; ne to the most clene steyning (tinctura) shal be
His (the monke's) eyen stepe and rolling in his hed,
That stemed as a forneis of a led. comparisound.-Id. Job xxviii. 19.
Nowt proude as prechours beth,
STEAN, or The Lat. Hydria, is so rendered
But preyen ful stylle.- Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 770. STENE, s.
And eft his face waishun, goon oute, (Joseph) stillide and renges the steps.
in the Wiclif Bible, e. g.
hym self (L. V.refreynede, continuit se), and seith, Settith
Neuerthelatre there weren not maad of the same monee loones.- Wic. Gen. xliv. 31. STALL, 0.
the stenys (L. V. water pottis) of the temple of the Lord. He forsothe biheelde her stilli (L. V, priueli, tacitus), He cast adoun hir stilles
Wic. 4 Kings xii. 13. wilnyng to wite whether the Lord had maad his weye welThat in chirche chaffareden.
some or noon.-ld. 16. xxiv. 21. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11060.
She wente and clepide Marie, her sistir, in silence, or Stelyn legharneis he hadde in the hippis, and a stelyn An hors, a staloun (emissarius), so and a frend a scornere, sheeld (@rous clypeus) couerde the shuldris of hym (Gostilnesse (in silentio), seyinge, The Mastir cometh, and cleneizeth undur ech sittyng abode.- Wic. Eccl. xxxiii. 6. liath).- Wic. 1 Kings xvii. 6.
pith thee.-Id. John xi. 28. This stalant (Rhodope, a Courtesan) of whom we speake, And holdeth mine herte under his sele,
His forehed, dropped as a stillatorie had her fame bruted in all places.
Were ful of plantaine.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5149.
Chaucer. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 160-18. I shall be glad if all these words and more would make
Jolite and welfare
There is no better sign of omnia bene, than when the such weighty cases clear; and do confess that after all I Whiles they finden love of stele (true as stele).
court is in a still.-Bacon. Charge against Mr. Oliver St. need more light, and am almost stalled with the difficulties
Id. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 175.
John, v. ii. p. 588, 4to. myself.-Barter. Body of Divinity, p. 160.
STING. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Stitch, infra. STALWORTH. STEEP. Eyes steep, Mr. Tyrwhitt thinks, are
Ther ne is no waspe in this world A wis man is strong, and a taft man is stalwrthe (robustus) eyes deep set.
That wil for loke styngen, and misti.- Wic. Prov. xxiv. 5.
Ystope, i. e. steeped. See Quotation from Chau
For, &c.—Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1292. Alle bi name he clepeth, for multitude of strengthe, and cer, in v. Old, supra.
Sendynge out bifore stynggynge flies, that ben sprangun of stalwrthnesse (roboris), and of his vertue.
A large man he was with eyen stepe.
of deed bodies, hagynge the stonges enuenyrd. Id. Is. xl. 26.
Wic. Ex. xxiii. 28.
Chaucer. Prologue. The Hoste.
His eyen slepe and rolling in his hed.
Id. Ib. The Monke.
STINK. For tweie staluorthè sones
He lifte up Lazar, Iwene I have forlore.---Chaucer. Coke of Gamelyn, v. 403.
That leid was in grave,
Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10753. Y schal swepe it with a beesme, and Y schal stampe (L.V. staf lost (amisso clavo). - Wic. Prw. xxiii. 34.
To the womman that snffrith flux of blood, thou shalt treding, terens), seith the Lord of oostis.
not goo, ne opne the stynkynges of hir. (L. V. filthe, fædiWic. Is. xiv. 23; also xxv. 10. STELE.
tates.)- Wic. Lev. xvij. 19. STANCH. But ofte is seen, that much slouth,
With a long stele.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13513. STINT. Whan men ben drunken of the cup,
And stynte he to repreue (E. V. leeue he of) an hooly Doth muche harme, whan the fire is vp,
STENCH, i. e. Stanch, qv.
werk with his venemouse tunge.- Wic. Josh. Prol. p. 555. But if som who the flame stanche.
Now let vs stint (cease to speak) of Troilas astound,
That fareth as a man that hurt is sore.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. the last. And Patience in the palace stood
the secounde gauen no steppe of fulnesse. (L. V. merke, In pilgrymes clothes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8081. vestigium.), Wic. xli. 21; and Deut. ii. 5.
Thei shol steringli seyn (tell ont, effabuntur), and speka I have stonden in ful gret degree
wickidnesse.- Wic. Ps. xciii. 4. Abouten lordes of ful high estat.
Haue compassio, oh, christen woman, upon those yonge
innocent orphans, which knowe not, nor have any confort And in Latin I speke a wordes few
nor helpe upon erth sane only the. Consider that God the To saffron with my predication,
Lord hath ordeyned the (in steede of their own mother) to And for to stere men to devotion.
Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12280. STAR. them and to do the good.-Miles Coverdale. The Christen
STITCH. The winds do sweep his chambers every day,
State of Matrimony, fo. lxx. And clouds do wash his rooms, the ceiling gay,
They ben y-sewed with whight silke,
And semes ful queynt
STER, or STRE. Term. was used to denote a
Ystongen with stiches
That stareth as siluer. STARK.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1101. Alle the dwelleres of Canaan weren starke (obriguerunt).
STERCORY. Lat. Stercus.
Mnason. You have gone a good stitch, you may well be a Wic. Ex. xv. 16. A man is but a sack of stercory.–Skelton, v. i. p. 4. Dyce. weary; sit down.–Pilgrim's Progress, pt. ii.
And what man that is wounded with the stroke
Shal never be hole, till that you list of grace
Shakespeare. Winter's Tale, act ii. sc. 2. To stroken him with the plutte in thilke place, to stithie (L. V. to forge), as my freendis putten blame.
Ther he is hurt (by the sword).
Id. The Squieres Tale, v. 10476.
Upon the place beneath.
The price must be the same with the true market price; fesh.-ld. Ecc. xxxviii. 29.
Id. Merchant of Venice, act iv. sc. 1. the measure according to the common mensure stricked. STRAIT.
N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, pt. ii. c. 7, p. 65.
Upon the pover folke thei geten
Ful muché of that thei spende or kepe;
N'is none of hem that thei n'il strepe.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 6820. Also, MORE, S.
Id. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 66.
STRIVE. With wo I ligge istocked.
Forsothe it was vnable to be onereummen, and hard in Forsothe Y knowe thi striuynge (contentionem), and thi Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. fo. 2681. goyng to for streytnesse (angustias) of places.
moost hard not zit lyuynge me and goynge yn with zowe, But oh! what stock of patience wants the fool,
Id. 2 Mac. xii. 21. euermore stryuyngli (contentiose) ze dideu ažens the Lord. Who wastes his time and breath in teaching school!
Wic. Deut. xxxi. 27.
Stonde thou not azen the face of the strifful (L. V. disSTOMACH.
The Golden Legend, fo. 3, c. 3. pisyng, contumeliosi), lest he sit as a speie to thi month.
Id. Ecc. viii. 14. Whether a wise man schal answere, as spekyng azens
He (Magellan) continued his royage toward the South, the wynd, and schal fille his stomac (stomuchum) with and at length discovered near the 53rd deg. of latitude, the Whi thanne turned awei is this paple into Jerusalem brennyng, that is, ire !- Wic. Job xv. 2. mouth of a strait which he entered, Feb. 1526.
with striuous turning awei. (L.V. ful of stryf, contentwusa.)
Id. Jer. viii. 5.
Robertson, America, b. v.
And thei jeden til to the stronde of clustre. (E.V. renSTONE, i. e. Astone. See Stun.
nyng watir, ad torrentem.)- l'ic. Num. xiii. 21.
Wherfor it is seid in the book of batels of the Lord, As Min is the prison in the derke cote (dungeon), And they stoneyed al about, and sturbed. (L. V. asto
he dide in the reed see, so he schal do in the strondis nyed, obstupefacti, turbatique.)— Wic. Gen. xlii. 28. Min is the strangel and hanging by the throte.
Chaucer. Ristwis men shul stoneyen (L. V.uondre, stupebunt) vp
The Knightes Tale, v. 2460. (E. V, rennynge waters) of Arnon ; the harde rochis of the
strondis weren bowid, that thei shulen reste in Arnon. on that.-ld. Job xvii. 8.
ld. 16. xxi. 14. STRAUGHT. See STRETCH, in Dictionary. STONE, v.
And thei chidden strongli (fortiter), and almest diden And stone hir to dethe.
Sche (Rachel) hastide, and hidde the idols vndur the violence.- Wic, Judges viii. 1. (Strongliere, fortius.-ld. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7595.
strevyngis (E. V. literyng, stramenta) of the camel, and 16. xx. 41. Stronglieste, firmissime.-Id. 10. ix. 51.)
sat aboue.- Wic. Gen. xxxi, 34. He forsothe areride a stonen signe (L. V. of stoonys, ti
Than arne thei folk that han most God in awe, tulum lapideum) of worship, in the place that God speke to
And strengest faithed ben, I understonde,
And con an errour alderbest withstonde. hym.- . Gen. xxxv. 14.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 1007. Jacob toke roddes of grene popular, hasel, and of chesMarvellous great stones of yron (lumps). Berners' Froissart, v. i. p. 498. tenottrees, and pylled white strakes in them; and made
STROY. the white appeare in the staues. And the shepe conceyued STOP. before the staues, and brought forth straked (M. V. ring strurit), and the housis of grete men it mynede out.
Wallid cites of riche men it strogede (L. V. destried, de-
Wic. Eccl. xxviii. 17.
Gen. xxx. 37, 40.
Thi welles ben stremed forth (E. V'. led out, deriventur), Thei (Symeon and Levi) answeriden, Whether as and departe thi watris in stretis.- Wic. Prov. v. 16.
strumpet (L. V. hoore, scorto) thei shulden mysuse our STOTE, or Stoat, is applied to an old woman, And thei han set tentis ouer the streme of reyn (tor
sistre!- Wic. Gen. xxxiv. 31. as an ill name, by the Sompnour. A weasel; a rentem), redy for to cum to thee in to battle.
Id. 1 Mac. v. 39. polecat. Tyrwhitt.
And othere seuen, thinne and smytun with corruprioon And firy Phebus riseth up so brightNay, old stote, that is not min entent. Chaucer. The Freres Tale, v. 7211. And with his stremes drieth, in the greues,
of brennyng wynd, camen forth of the stobil (E l', stalk, e The silver dropes hanging on the leues.
stipula) and deuourideu the fairenesse of the formere. STOUND. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Launde, Chaucer. The Kilightes Tale, v. 1497.
Wic. Gen. xli. 23.
STREET. (There) shal be symple criynge of trompes, and not And he schewide to me a flood of quycke water schyning (L. V. sparres, asserum), than plenteuous shynende metes
Betere is the liflode of the pore, vndir the roof of stoodes stowndmeel thei shullen zolle. (L. V. not sowne depart- as cristal comyage forth of the seete of God, and of the ingli, non concise.)— Wic. Num. x. 7.
in pilgrymnaging withoute hous. - Wic. Eccl. xxix. 29. tombe in the myddil of the street of it (in medio platea) Stoundmele from the heuen adoun and on ech side of the flood the tree of lyf.
STUDY, v. Goddys aungel came.-Lyfe of our Ladye, e. 3, c. 2.
Wic. Rev. c. xxii,
They shoulden nowght stodyen biforne,
Ne sturren her wyttes.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1171. of officer or magistrate. Florio. And Menage, Le STRENGTH.
And leten hire labour lost, Origini, says, That Stratico was the title of the Go- And loo! thei applieden to day to the heez rocke in Je
And ul hire long studie.-ld. Ib. v. 360. vernor of Messina. The Lat. Strategus, straticus, rusalem, for to occupie it, and thei strengthide a strengthstratigus, was the prefect or governor of any state ing in Bethsura (munitionem munierunt).
Wic. 1 Mac. vi. 26. or province. Gr. Etparnyos, Du Cange. And
Of whiche thyngs old age is bettir prouided and stuffed
STREPEROUS. Strachy is by easy corruption, Strategy, stratgy,
by experience thenne any othir age. Nay, such an one perhaps would be more pleased with
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Carton, e. 23. strachy.
the streperous noise of a single fiddle or the rustical musick The Lady of the Strachy is, thus, the Lady of of the country bagpipes, or the dull humıning of a Jew's STULPES. Used by Fabyan, where he relates the Governor.
trump, than the fullest and most exquisitely composed har- that Jack Cade drove back the citizens " from the
mony.-Cudworth. Immutable Morality, c. ii. ( 15. STRAIGHT.
stulpes in Southwark, or brydge foot, unto the drawe STRETCH. See Chapman in v. Streak, in Dic-bridge. A. D. 1450.” Whan Ilion Was wonne, and Pirrus with his streite swerd, tionary.
STULTILOQUY. Whan he had hent King Priam by the berd
Thei over lond straketh. And slain him
Piers Plouhman's Crede, r. 164.
Fire is chiefe werkere in forthering sustenaunce to manChaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15363. They strecchet hem brode.
kind. --Shall fire ben blarned for it brend a foole naturally Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1096.
by his own stulty wit in stering (stirring)? STRAIN. Shakespeare, Winter's Tale, To ex
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i. And his power shal fro yame to royame tend beyond; to exceed the bounds of propriety; The bondes stratche of his ryalte.
STUMBLE. to transgress (the bound of honour). And in Mid
Lyfe of our Ladye, h. 82. Poor stumbler on the rocky coast of woe, summer Night's Dream, some excess : some trans
And with that wordè, right anone
Tutored by pain each source of pain to know.
To an Infant. gression.
Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 1312. STUPRATION.
The sones of Jacob answeriden to Sichem, and to the
Imperial Agamemnon 'self,
fader of hym in trechery, waxynge cruel, for the stupte Or, if his weting streineth neuer del
In piercing accents struulous he charged
of the sister. (L. V. deforlyng of the maidenhood, oo stuBut by necessitee condicionel,
With foul reproach.--Couper. Miast, b. ii. v. 269.
Gen. xxxiv. 13; also 27.
STRIKE. Tyrwhitt says, a strike of fax is a STURB, v. i. e. Disturb, qv. And see also Her.
Since he (Polyxenes) came
Wiclif, in v. Slone, supra.
Whi dreri art thou, my soule, and whi al to-sturbist The bound of honor, or in act, or will
Ful smoth it heng, as doth a strike of flax.
thou me? (L. V. troublist, conturbas.)- Wic. Ps. xlii. 5. That way enclining, hard'ned be the hearts
Chaucer. Canterbury Tales. Prol. v. 678. Also written sturblist.
from all eternity. The tenets of the Sublapsarians And we answerden to hym (Joseph) sewingly (L. V. And the tange of stuttyng men (L.V. bufferes, balborum) were first asserted by two preachers at Delft, Ar-suyngli
, consequenter) aftir that that he askide.
Wic. Gen. xliii. 7. schal speke swiftli, and pleynli.- Wic. Is. xxxii. 4. nold Cornelius, and Renier Dunteklok, A. D. 1590,
He shal be reprened bi hise suyngis. (E.V. infoleuingis, against Calvin and Beza, who were of the opposite insectationibus.)-1d. Ecc. xxxii. 23. STY, s. sect.
That jaf hym silf for us that he schulde aten hye us fro He steigh up to herene.
al wickidnesse, and made clene a peple acceptable to him Piers Plouhman's Vision, v, 1616. SUBLIME.
silf, suere of good werkis.-Id. Titus ii. 14. My sty (L. V. path, semitam) he beggide aboate, and I An ordinary gift cannot sublime an ordinary person to a mai not gon ouer.- Wic. Job xix. 8. supernatural employment.
SUFFER. Lo, forsothe shorte zeris passen, and the sty, bi the
Bp. Taylor. Office Ministerial, s. iii. $ 11. The werk is aboue thi strengthis, thou aloone maist not whiche I shal not be turned aseen, I go.- Id. 16. xvi. 23. There (in the unclean heart) the impure desires of the suffre it. (E.V.susteyne it, sustinere.)-Wic. Ex. xviii. 18.
Be maad Dan an horned eddre in the path, biting the flesh are cherished and entertained and sublimated into cleen (claws, hoof) of an hors, that the steyer (L.V. stiere, impurities more exquisite, and yet more filthy than ever
SUFFICE. ascensor) vp of hymn falle bacward.-11. Gen. xlix. 17. the sensual appetite could arrive unto.
Betere is a pore man, and suffisaunt. (L. V. sufficient, Blessid is the man whose help is of thee; he hath dis
Hale. Contemp. The unclean Spirit. sufficiens.)-Wic. Prov. xii. 9. posid stings in his herte, in the vallei of teeris (ascen
SUFFIX, v. and s. siones).-Id. Ps. lxxxiv. 3.
In Grammar-To add or selfe to the lawe.— The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 7, c. 1. subjoin a letter or syllable. STYGIAL, adj.) Lat. Stygius. Stygian pool, It seem'd as there the British Neptune stood; STYGIAN. Ji.e. of hell. Stygian oath, i.e.
With all his hosts of water at command;
SUFFLATION, s. Lat. Sufflare, to blow unBeneath them to submit the officious flood;
der or from below. Sufflatio, A blowing out. oath by the Styr. See Quotation from Dryden's
And with his trident shor'd them off the sand.
The admission, once, of a perpetual and unerring sufflaVirgil, infra.
Dryden. Annus Mirabilis, st. 184. tion (in the Jewish historians), not only in my mind destroys By the Stygial flode, and the stremes wode,
their credibility throughout; but is, moreover, highly in. Or Cocytus bottomlesse well.
jurious to the Supreme Being, as it makes him the primiSkelton. The Crowne of Lmorell. We esteem it, as enhancing the manifestation of intelli- tive author of all they relate. Thee (holy light) I revisit now with bolder wing,
gence, that one single law, as gravitation, should, as from Geddes. Pref. to second Vol. of Trans. of the Bille, p. v. Escap'd the Stygian pool, though long detain'd
a central and commanding eminence, subordinate to itself In that obscure sojourn.- Milton. Par. L. b. x. v. 14. a whole host of most important phænomena.
SUFFRAGE. Low Lat. Suffragia, orationes ; Son of Anchises, offspring of the Gods,
Chalmers on the Constitution of Man, Intro. Ch.
prayers. See Quotations from Leland and Frith The Sibyl said, You see the Stygian floods,
in Dictionary The sacred streams, which Heav'n's imperial state Attests in oaths, and fears to violate.
A good man leueth eiris sones, and sonys sones; and is For thenne we praye and demande the suffrages of alle Dryden. Virgil. Æneid, b. vi. *. 442. kept to the riztwise the substaunce (L. V. catel, substantia) the sayntes.- The Golden Legend, fo. 22, c. 2. Caxton. Honest men's words are Stygian oaths, and promises inof a synnere.- Wic. Prov. xiii. 22.
SUGAR. riolable.-Browne, Christian Morals, pt. iii. $ 19.
It would have been as well if the Dr. (Johnson) had not STYLE.
Each man subtileth a sleighte
recorded his dishes of sugarless tea, or the dinners at And that disdayne may not my style beraye,
Synne for to hide.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13876. which he ate too much.- Cowper to Newton, Aug. 27, 1785. With humble herte thus to hym I praye.
It is with great propriety that subtlety, which in its
SUGGEST. In Piers Plouhman and Chaucer, Be to my style ful dyreccion.-Id. 16. p. 5. metaphorical meaning for nicety of distinction.
Suggestion is Supplex libellus, Epistola rogatoria.
Johnson. Life of Cowley. See Du Cange. And in this usage it was probably On these (tables of wood covered over with wax, of which
SUB-VERT. Homer makes mention) they wrote with a bodkin or style
first introduced into our language. of iron, with which they engraved their letters in the wax, Whan forsothe God had subvertid the citees of that
Beggeres ne bidderes, and hence it is that the different ways of men's writings or regioun, he recordid of Abraham, and delyuered Loth from
Ne beth noght in the bulle,
But if the suggestion be sooth
That shapeth them to begge.
Wic. Gen. xix. 29.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4605. of a style.-Swift. *Letter to a young Clergyman.
Hane mynde of me, whanne it were wel with thee, and Wher dwellen ye, if it to tellen be?
mercy thow shalt do with me, and thow make suggestion SUAGE.
In the suburbes of a toun, quoth he,
(suggeras) to Pharao, that he lede me out of this prisoun. If ther is tunge of curing, ther is and (also) of swaging, Lurking in hernes and in lanes blind,
Wic. Bible. Gen. xl. 14. and of mercy (mitigationis).- Wic. Ecc. xxxvi. 25.
Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16126. And, that thou mayst perceive my fear of this, SUCCEED. Success is used by Spenser as suc
Knowing that tender youth is soon suggested, SUASION.
I nightly lodge her in an upper tower. cession, Forsothe wisdom that is fro aboue, Arst, sotheli it is
Shakespeare. Two Gent. of Verona, act iii. sc. 1. chaast, aftirward pesible, mylde, suadible (suadibilis), that
Then all the sonnes of these five brethren raynd
SUIT. is, esy for to trete and to be tretid. - Wic. James iii. 17.
Beyond thus high, insatiate to pursue
by hymself as a soleyn. and for the most part kept in the open aire (subdio).
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7834.
Y schulde reste in my sleep with kingis, and consuls of SUB-DISTINCTION.
What to this house successively is done (i. e. fully)
the erthe, that bilden to hem soleyne places. (E. V. soliA subdistinction (a semicolon) is a meane breathing.
Was full of peril.
tarie dwellingus, solitudines.)-- Wic. Job iji. 14.
In Isaiah xxiv. 12, soleynte is a various reading of deso
lacioun. SUB-FUMIGATION. See SUFFUMIGATION. SUCCISION, s. Lat. Succisio, An undercut
SULLEVATE. See SUBLEVATION. Fr. Souting. SUBJECT, s. ? See the Quotation in Dic
blever ; Sp. Sublevar. To raise, cause a rising or There be two books that seem to cross the anthorities
insurrection, or sedition.
his secret dangerous practising,
How he his subjects sought to sullevate. subjecten (L. V. make suget, subjicere) to zou.
overthrown by the wind, and so the lessee took them for
Daniel. Civil Wars, b. i.
SUM, 0. To have the full sum, in number or biles) to hym.-Id. Bar. i. 18.
quantity (Milton), e. g. with feathers, infra, and For ther n'is god in heuen or hel, iwys,
Whi was Y takun on knees? Whi was Y suclid (E. V.
Par. L. b. vii. v. 421.
soukynge feere (collactaneus) As thou art wont my prompted song, else mute, In these words there are two manifest untruths. The of Eroude tetrarche,-Id. Deeds xiii. 1.
And bear through highth or depth of nature's bounds one is, that Mr. Bold peremptorily declares—That sub
With prosperous wing full summ'd to tell of deeds jectire faith is not enquired into, i. e. spoken of in the SUCKENY. Fr. Souquenie. A canvas jacket, reasonableness of Christianity. The other untruth is, his
Above heroic, though in secret done.
Milton. Par. Reg. b. i. v. 14. saying – That the animadverter (Mr. Bold) avers that frock, or gaberdine. Such an one as our porters wear. Christian faith and Christianity considered subjectively are Cot. See Menage, and Soscania in Du Cange.
SUMMITY. *he same.-Locke. A Second Vindication, fc. Works, v. iii.
suppose it would much conduce to the magnanimity P. 265, 4to. ed.
That not of hempe, ne herdes was.
and honour of man, if & collect were made of the ultimities Mr. Bold replies, “ His (Locke's) enquiry and search was
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1232.
(as the schooles' speake) or summities (as Pindar) of honot concerning Christian faith, considered subjectively but SUDDEN.
mane nature, principally out of the faithfull reports of objectirely; what the articles be which must be believed
history. That is : what is the last and highest pitch, to
(Thei) shul merueilen in the sodomesse (sudeynte, subi. to make a man a Christian, and not with what sort of faith
which man's nature of it selfe hath euer reach't in all the these articles are to be believed."-Id. lb.
Wisd. v. 2.
perfections both of mind and body.
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 1. SUB-LAPSARIAN, also called Infra-lapsarian, Suit. Station from Beaumont and Fletcher, supra. SUMMON. They believe the fall permitted, not predetermined.
(Christ) sayde to his sueres
Ac a sisour and a somonour The supra-lavsarians, that it was predetermined For sothe on this wyse.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 293. Sued hire faste.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2415.
bigan for to accuse. SUPRA-VISOR.
Feed the flock of God which is among you, doing the
office of bishop over them, taking supravision or oversight
Bishop Taylor. Ministerial Office, s. iii. $ 15.
The shadowes and figures of the old law were full of The which (Thamar) takynge meele mengide togidir; and meltynge in his eyen she seethid the supettis. (L.V. nies of idolatry and magique, which were surde and mute
reason and signification, much differing from the ceremoSoungnugis, sortiuncula.)- Wic. 2 Kings xiii. 8.
(surda et muta). Go we than soupe, quod he.
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ix. c. 1.
He who hath had the patience of Diogenes, to make
orations unto statues, may more sensibly apprehend how SUPER-ANNUATION.
all words fall to the ground, spent upon such a surd and earA writer, possessed of a genius for hypothesis, like that
less generation of men, stupid unto all instruction, and of Burnet, might construct a plausible argument to prove
rather requiring an exorcist than an orator for their con
version.-Browne. that the world itself is in a state of superannuation, if there
Christian Morals, pt. ii. 6 6. be such a word. If not, there must be such a one as super
SURGEON. annuity.-Cowper to Hill, Feb. 15, 1781.
And dide hym assaie his surgenrie SUPERB.
On hem that sike were.
Piers Plouhman's Vision v. 11013. The wise Saxon king (Ethelred) espying the danger in betrusting the lives and estates of the poorest sort unto the SURMISE. dictate of these superbient humours, settled the law of
Which by fals accusacions and conspiracyes made hym peers.-N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, c. xxxviii. p. 93.
to be uniustely accused and sklaandered, and surmytted SUPER-EROGATE.
vpon him forged maters.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age. Caxton, h. 2. The doctrine that asserts that it is in men's power to super-erogate, and to do works of perfection over and SURNAME. above what is required of them by way of precept, tends to
Therfor Jacob cam to Luga, which is in the lond of Cathe undermining and hindrance of a godly life.
South. Ser. vii. v. 8.
Wic. Gen. xxxv. 6.
In the name of the Lord, to whom is the sur-name (E. V. Alle men doynge wickyd thingis superfluli (E. V. ouer- to-nume) God off Irael.-Id. Ecclus. xlvii. 19. veynli, supervacue) be schent.- Wic. Ps. xxiv. 4.
(Thei) gessiden goddis these thingis that ben superftu SURPLICE. The surplice was a female as well (E. V. ouer veyne, supervacun) in beestis (mar. n. i. e. vn
as a male vest, and black as well as white, as we learn profitable to men).-Id. Wisd. xii. 14.
from Du Cange—who quotes from an old statuteSUPERLATIVE.
Habeat quælibet monialis quolibet anno duo supOmnipotence, omniscience, infinite power, infinite know. plicia (f. superpellicia) alba et duo nigra, quæ terram ledge, are superlatires; expressing our conception of these tangant. The monialis, or monacha-was the feattributes in the strongest and most elevated terms which
male devotee. language supplies.-Puley. Natural Theology, c. xxiv.
Forsothe Samuel sernede before the face of the Lord, & SUPERNACULUM, s. A slang name for strong linea.)
- Wic. i Kings ii. 18. (In 2 Par. v. 12, byssinis.)
child gird with a surplesse. (L. V. lynnun cloth, ephod spirits, wines, &c.
The minister at the tyme of the comunion and at al other Lood. Levant me, but it is supernaculum.
times in his ministracion shall use nether albe, vestemēt, Speak when you have enough.-Foote. The Minor, A. i.
nor cope : but beyng archebishop or bishop, he shall have
and weare a rochet: and being a priest or deacon, he shal SUPER-POLITIC. Above or more than po- haue and weare a surples only. litic.
The Boke of Common Prayrr, 8c. Whitechurch, 1552. At the Florentine Council the Latins acted their masterpiece of wit and stratagem, the greatest that hath been till
SURQUEDRY. the famous and super-politick design of Trent.
They are puffed full of vaynglorious and surcudant ela-
coming in unlooked for. Cotgrave. From Survenir.
Nor did the fundamentals (of government) alter either done with joy, when it shall be indifferent to any man to
by the diversity and mixture of people of several nations super-seminate what he please. Bp. Taylor. Office Ministerial, s. iii. & 15. their survenue.
in the first entrance, nor from the Danes or Normans in
N. Bacon. Historical Discourse, pt. i. c. 42.
In his (Charlemagne's) institutions I can seldom discover
Gibbon. Roman Empire, c. 49. Simplenesse of riztwis men shal rift renle them; and
SUSPECT. supplaunting (L. V. disseining, supplantatio) of peruertid men shal waste them.-Id. Proc. xi. 3.
What I can do or offer is suspect.
Milton. Par. Reg. b. ii. v. 401.
Suspiris, which I effunde in silence.
Chaucer. Cuckoo and Nightingale, v. 305.
Ferthermore and Y axide not the sustenauncis (E. V. The first letter which he (Pætus) sent contained nothing zeris frutis, annonas) of my duchie: for the puple was of supplicancy or abasement, but was conceived in a strain
maad ful pore.- Wic. 2 Esd. v. 18. of expostulation and complaint.
Mr. Mitford thinks that Bel-
as Browne expresses it, with a Swaggy belly.--CurChalmers. On the Constitution of Man, pt, i. c. 6. sory Notes on Beaumont and Fletcher.
SWI SWALE. And whan the sunne was sprungen, the Lord comaundide to the hote wynd and brennynge: and the sunne smote on the hed of Jonas, and he swalide (astuabat).
Wic. Jonah iv. 8. And the word of the Lord was maad as fier swałynge (E. V. gretly hetende, ignis exæstuans) in myn herte, and cloosid in my boonys.-Id. Jer. xx. 9.
SWALLOW. Salomon beeldide Mello, and edenede the sucho3 (L. V. swolowe, voraginem) of the citee of Dauid, his fader.
Wic. 3 Kings xi. 27. (God) that doth awei the dropis rein, and heeldeth (L. V. schedith) out wederes at the licnesse of swolewis (L. V. floodgatis, gurgitum) that of the cloudis flowen.
Id. Job xxxvi. 27.
Daniel. Ded. to Philotas.
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 35.
Chaucer. Canterbury Tales Prol. v. 812.
With myche trageile it is maad in sweet. (L. V. it was swat, sudatum est.)-1d. Ez. xxiv. 12.
His faire stede in his priking
Chaucer. Rime of Sir Thopas, v. 13706.
See Swough. SWEIGH. S SWELL, r. Thei shul be to moued, and thei shul not moun (L. V. have power); and to-suelle (intumescent) shul his flodis, and shul not passe.- Wic. Jer. v. 22. Hire thought it swal so sore aboute hire herte.
Chancer. Wif of Bathes Tale, F. 6549. O glory, glory, thou art none other thing to thousandes of folke but a great sucller of ears.
Id. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
Dryden. Æn. b. ii, v, 606.
Tillotson, v. i. ser. 27, p. 253, fo. ed.
Wic. Jer. xxvi. 9.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, vr, 26, 28.
The bleating rams
Dryden. Æn. b. ix. r. 73.
SWAGER. } swanger
, que fos Belly-kangen. Bre,
itself is an imperfect theism, with the more pernicions hy.wise (Piers Plouhman), in v. Tickle, and the QuoNe noght han of swymmyng? pothesis of an universal monad, to which every distinct
tation from Chaucer's Dreame, in v. Wonder. Or the swymmere that is saaf
attribute, except unity, was to be denied. By so hymself like.- Piers Plouhman's l'ision, r. 7754.
Hallam. Literature of Europe, v. ii. p. 154.
Thanne Mede for hir mysdedes
To that man kueled ;Every one of you swimmeth in love.
SYSTASIS. ? Gr. EvotaOLS, constitutio; ovv- Told him a tale,
Bible, 1549. 2 Thess. i.
And took hym a noble.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 1445. O Don. After that you turned swindler, and got out of together.
I took it (gold) by tale here, gaol by an act for the relief of insolvent debtors.
There be also other diversities of methods, vulgar and
And told hem there lasse.-ld. 1. v. 2975.
or systasis, of concealment or cryptic, &c. which I do well And the tale (L. V. fame, rumor) of hym wente forth SWINE. But the Goth. Swein, &c. seem to allow of.- Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii.
anoon in to al the cuntree of Galilee.- Wic. Mark i. 28. militate against this etymology (sc. sowen, pl. of As for those other methods, analytique, systatique, cryp
I wist neuer how ferre thine exile was, if the tale (oratio) sow) ; and Swyn, Sus, is used by Wiclif in the tique, and the like-they have běn well invented and dis- ne had yshewed it me.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. i. pr. 5, tributed.--Id. 16. b. vi. c. 2.
Thus endeth now my tale, and God us sende singular.
Taling enough unto our lives end. A suiyn (E. V. sowe, sus) that chewith not code, thouz
ld. Shipmannes Tale, v. 13364. he departith the clee, -fe schulen not ete the fleisch of.
See that ye delyver the whole tale of brycke.
Bible, 1549. Exod. v. SWINK
And every shepherd tells his tale, What! sholde he
Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Milton. Allegory, v. 67.
But old Anchises, in a flowry vale,
Review'd his muster'd race and took the tale.
Dryden. Virg. An. b. vi. v. 921.
TALENT. 2 The substantive is now applied To ransake in the taas of bodies dede SWIVE, v. From the Ger. Schweben, se movere, And so befell, that in the taas they found, &c.
TALENTED. I by us to the talent delivered, to
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1007. | the gift, the endowment. It is applied by Chaucer agitare. Skinner. Thus scired was the carpenteres wif,
TABARD. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Tawny, (aliquantum deflexo sensu, as Skinner justly obFor all his keping and his jalousie. infra.
serves, from the Latin, though some etymologies Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, r. 3848.
seek a different origin) to the disposition of mindThus is the proude Miller wel ybette,
from that manifested by the different servantsHis wif is suired, and his doughter, als;
And he made the hows with cedre couplis, and bildide a good and wicked, to whom the talents were deliLo, swiche it is, & miller to be fals.
table beeldynge 'pon al the hows. (L. 1. a bildyng of taId. The Reres Tale, v. 4315.
vered for use. Chaucer renders the Lat. Affectus, blis, tabulatum.) - Wic. 3 Kings vi. 10. SWOON. Mak that the Lord hath comaundide, that is, the taber
from Boecius-Talent. Gower, and since his time, Repentedsotow noght, quod Repentaunce,
naele and the roof of it, and the couering, and the rynges, Clarendon and Swift (improperly, Johnson says), And right with that he suouned.
and the tablid sides. (L. V. bildyngis of tablis, tabúnta.) use the word in a similar manner. Lord Claren Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3372.
ld. Er. xxxv. Il; also, xxxvi. 34.
don writes: “The nation was without any ill talent And when he spac, efte she fel doun, and utterli swounede. TACK.
towards the Church," i. e. male-talent, as Chaucer (L. V. and was almest deed, pane exanimata est.)
When the Commons suspected that a farourite bill would
also writes, or ill disposition.
Swift. “ It is the talent of human nature to run In Sc. Souch, soogh, swooch; to
not possible to proceed without the supply, and as it became
necessary to reject or receive both the Bills thus tacked from one extreme to another," i. e, the disposition. SWEIGH. emit a rushing or whistling sound, together, this expedient perfectly answered its purpose. Talented (charged to be an Americanism) was SWEGH. from the A. S. Sweg-an, sueog-an,
Swift. Contests in Athens, fc. n.
found by Todd to have been used as early as the sonare, tinnire.
Jamieson. But Lye adds, cum sono irruere. And Chaucer renders the Lat. Turbo, cester, when presenting the cup to Vortiger, as
TAIL. Rowena is described by Robert of Glou- time of James I. It is regularly formed from the
noun: as in the moneyed and landed interest; lilied Sweigh; a different way of writing swough, first applied to the motion (the sweepy sway. Dryden), drawing aside her Tail. See in v. Wassail, infra. banks, daisied field, &c.
And all to torne laie eke her here then to the sound caused by or accompanying the TAIL, v. To stave and tail in bear baiting; to About her shulders here and there, motion, perhaps the swaying of waves, trees, &c. stave, or with staves to keep, off, the dogs; to drag
As she that had it all to rent And as I lay and lenede, them off by the tail.
For angre and for male-talent. And loked on the watres,
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 330. I slombred into a slepyng,
Meanwhile th' approached the place, where Bruin What a miserable and restless thing ambition is, when
Was now engag'd to mortal ruin; It sweyed so merrily.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 20.
one talented but as a common person, yet by the farour of First on the wall was peinted a forest
The conquering foe they first assaild,
his prince, hath gotten that interest, that in a sort, all the
First Trulla star'd, and Cerdon taild, In which ther ran a romble and a suough,
keys of England hang at his girdle! - Archbishop Abbot,
Untill their mastiffs loos'd their hold. As though a storme shulde bresten every bough.
in Rushworth's Collections, p. 449 (in Todd).
Butler. Hudibras, pt. i. c. 3, v. 10.
Boadicea and her daughters ride about in a chariot, He siketh (sigheth) with ful many a sory suough.
Do stare and tou, with writs of errour,
telling the tall champions as a great encouragement, that Reverse of judgment and demurrer.
with the Britans it was usual for woemen to be thir leaders. Oh firste moving cruel firmament,
Id. Ib. pt. i. c. 2, v. 161.
Milton. History of England, b. i. With thy diurnal suegh that croudest, ay, And hurtlest all from est to occident, TAILLE. See TALE, TELL, TALLY, infra.
TALLOW. Is not uncommon in Wiclif's Bible, That naturally wold hold another way.
Outtake that which men that weren on the talagis, that for fat.
is rentis for thingis borun aboute in the lond. (E.V. tollis, There (thow) shalt not leeue the talows (L. V. fatnesse, Thou, maker of the wheele (orbis) that turnest the hea- vestigallia.)-- Wic. 3 Kings x. 15.
adipem) of my solempnete vnto the morwen. ven with a ravishing sueigh (turbine).
Wic. E. xxiii. 18.
TALLY. See TALE, TAILLE.
He taketh me but a taille, written Sounye, i. e. swoon. See in v. Swelt, supra.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10533. For ten quarters of otes.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2197.
If I bigge and borwe aught,
Shakespeare. Macbeth, act v. sc. 3. But if it be y-tailed,
I foryete it as yerne.-Id. ib. v. 3332.
Algate he waited so in his achate,
That he was ay before in good estate. an argument in distinct propositions, called premises,
Chaucer. Canterbury Tales Prologue, v. 572. from which a certain conclusion necessarily follows.
TAMARISK. So called, because it grows on And this form is so called because from the premises
And took it (the law) Moyses to teche men
the banks of the Tamaris or Tambro, on the borders
Til Messie coome.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10735. the conclusion is collected (or deduced).
And wyues thei token (duserunt) douztres of hem, and
of the Pyrenees. SYMBOL. thei token (L. V. gauen, tradiderunt) her douztris to the
TAMPION. Fr. Tampion. A bung or stopple. sones of hem, and serueden to the Goddis of hem. They (the Puritans) pushed matters to a total opposi
Wic. Judg. iii. 6. Cotgrave. Is used by Skelton in the Garlande of tion with the Church of Rome: every compliance, they said, was a symbolizing with Antichrist.
He toke (brought) me certain gold I wote it well. Lawrell, v. 642.
Chaucer. Shipmannes Tale, v. 13334.
TAP. SYNCRATISM. Gr. ovy-kpaois, commixtio.
TALE. Chaucer has Tailer, tailing, as we use And yet have I alway a coltes tothe, The commixtion of different creeds, dogmas, &c. of Talker, talking. To tell the tale, or take the tale, As many a yere as it is passed henne, different sects. is sometimes, recensere numerum (see the Quotations
Sin that my tappe of lif began to renne.
For sikerly whan I was borne anon What seems most his own (Bruno) is the syncretism of from Milton and Dryden) in the Georgics rendered
Deth drew the tappe of lif, and let it gon. the tenet of a pervading spirit, as anima mundi, which in -To take a just account. See RETAIL. See Tale
Chaucer. The Reres Prologue, v. 3888.