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To holden with Antecrist,
Hir temporaltees to saue. tapesere (polymitarius).— Wic. Er. xxxvii. 23. picted in glowing colours, the happy, tranquil, tarless times,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14181. (Thei) offreden to hym couerynge clothis, and tapetis
TEMPT. which the more aged might still remember. (tapetia), and erthen vessels.-Id. 2 Kings xvii. 28.
Campbell (Hyde), v. ii. p. 179. I beseche, tempt or assaie (tenta) vs thi seruauntis len TAR.
days.- Wic. Dan. i. 12.
Teche me to no tresor, And loo! the Lord stondynge on a wal teerid or morterd
But tel me this ilke, (L. V. plastrid, litum), and in the hond of hym a truel
Tho that weren in benene
How I may saue my soule. (trulla) of masoun.- Wic. Amos vii. 7.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 624.
Token stella cometa,
And tendeden it as a torche
To reverencen his burthe.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12555. Wic. Prov. xxiv. 5; and Wis. xiii. 11, taztli, docte. From height, and hill, and cliff were seen;
The which seith, je tenden to ydeleres (L. V. gyuen tent, They gleamed on many a dusky tarn,
Forsothe the techeresse (doctrir) it (wisdom) is of the
vacatis otio): and therfor ze seyen, Go we, and sacryfye to Haunted by the lonely earn. discipline of God, and the cheseresse (electris) of the
the Lord.— Wic. Er. v. 17; also Judg. v. 17. Scott. Last Minstrel, c. iii. 9 29.
werkis of hym.-Id. Wis. viii. 4. TARR, o.
Now thanne, Son myn, here thou me and tac tente (L.V. TEAR, s.
perceiue, attende) to the woordis of my mouth.-12. Pror. Therfor thou schalt speke my wordis to hem, if perauen- Whan she him sawe, she gan for sorowè anon
vii. 24 ; and Wisd. xii. 20. Tentifnesse, in the E. V. is perture thei heren and resten, for thei ben terreris to wraththe.
seyuyng, in the L. V. from the Lat. attentio.
Her tery face atwixt hire armes hide. (L. V, wraththen, irritatores.) Wic. Ez. ii. 6; and v. 8, exasperatrir.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 821.
TENDER. Neverthelatre the Lord is not turned aweye fro the
See Wiclif, in v. Unceasing, infra. Thy tender-hefted nature shall not give wrath of his grete woodnes, in the whiche his wodnes is
Pharao shal take awey thin heed, and shal honge thee Thee o'er to harshness. wrothe azeynas Juda, for the terryngis in the whiche Manasses had terred hym (propter irritationes quibus provoin the crosse, and foulis shulen teere (laceratrunt) thi fleisch.
Shakespeare. King Lear, act ii. sc. 4.
Wic. Gen. xli. 19. caret eum).--Id. 4 Kings xxiii. 26. And alle placis, in the whiche she was wont to gladen,
TENE. See TEEN.
A TARRY. with to-tering (L. V. to-breidyng, laceratione) of heris she
quene fulolde.-1.Esth. xiv. 2.
That torneth him to mochel tene. God is redi to tyue good, to punshen a tariere.
Gower. Conf. Am. fo. 140. Wic. Prol. to Jer. p. 342. TEASE.
Clooth that cometh fro the wevyng
Thou shalt dye here in tenebres or derknes.
The Golden Legend. St. Arnolde, fo. 368. He taryed him there a ten days.
Til,-- wasshen wel with water
TENET. Also written Tenent.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10532. TART, s. See the second Quotation from Hack
People of differing religions judge and condemn each The sendingus out of leitis shal gon euene rizt, and as at
other by their own tenents; when both of them cannot be luyt, in v. Wreath, in Dictionary.
the teising the bowe of cloudis bent (L. V. and as the sidis in the right, and it is well if either of them are. TAS. See TAAS.
of a reynbowe, urhan the boue of clouis is beakid, tanquam Wollaston. Religion of Nature, sec. 5, $ xviii. p. 3. a bene curvato arcu nubium), thei shuln ben outlawid.
Wic. Wis. v. 22. TASTE.
Of the tennes to wynne or lese a chace, For alle thei were unhardy
TEEN. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Untidy, infra.
May no lyfe wete or that the bal be ronne.
Gouer. To King Henry IV. fo. 351'.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10460.
The king Dauyd entune did his harpe,
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
And with the tenours and the treblys sharpe,
He to heuen gan enhaunce and reyse
This day of dayes.- Lyfe of our Ladye. Carton, g. 82. 8o maie a man by reason taste Tag.
Parchment or leather will stretch, paper will not ; Is inightiest.-Id. 16. b. vii. fo. 1522.
TELEOLOGICAL. -Hallam. Lit. of Europe, ii.
woollen cloth will tenter, linen will not. For tasting is defended (denied) me.-Id. 1b. vi. fo. 1284.
Bacon. Natural History, ( 841. 480. He now began
TEREBYNTH. To taste the bow,-Chapman. Odyssey.
TELL. In Wiclif Bible, Ps. xciii. 4, Effari, is As a terebynte and as an oek, that spreadeth out his Taste is that faculty of the human mind by which we perceive and enjoy, whatever is beautiful or sublime in the in E. V. rendered to stirringly say; and in L. v. braunchis, holy sed shal it ben.— Wic. Is. vi. 13. works of nature or art.-Alison. Essay, i. to tell out.
Of briddes and of beestes
the son of Ner, cam to the Kyng.- Wic. 2 Kings iii, 23. Men by olde tyme TATCH. See TETCH, Tack.
That he (Nero) so litel of his moder told (accounted). Ensamples token and termes,
As telleth the poetes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, 6.7903.
Kynges . . . sholde ... taken transgressores
And tyen hem faste,
Til treuthe hadde y-termyned
Hire trespas to the ende.-Id. ib. v. 653.
I ennyrounde it with my termes (terminis), and sette the For ever more love his seruauntes amendeth,
Com. Here is your niece, whom I have married; witness heenglis and doris.— Wic. Job xxxviii. 10.
These gentlemen, the knight, captain, and parson, He (Demophon) falsely gan his termè pace (pass the time
:--Chaucer. House of Fame, b. i. v. 392. TATTER.
B. Jonson. Magnetic Lady, act iv. sc. 3.
TERRE. See Tar, s. His teeth with toylyng of lether
TEMERITY. Tatered as a sawe.- Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 1501.
By those cryptick wages of institution the ancients did TERROIR. Fr. Terroir; the land; the terriTAVERN. hide a light, and keep it in a dark lanthorn from the te
tory. Twei spices apperiden harde and perilouse to me: a meration of ruder handlings and popular preachers.
They toke the vessel wherein the body (Pylate's) was, marchaunt is delyuered of hard (difficile) fro his necgli
Bp. Taylor. Sermon on Ministers' Duty,
and sente it for to berye it in the terroir of the cyte of
ser. xi. p. 229, fo. ed. gence, and a taverner (crupo) schal noć be iustified of
Losane, the whiche also was tempested.
TEMPER. synnes of lippis.- Wic. Ecclus. xxvi. 28.
The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 18, c. 2. And he shal tempre engynes (temperabit) in maner of TAUELLYS. 1 Aninstrument for a silk-woman vynes (vineas), and engynes in maner of wetheres (arietes)
TERSIS. Is in Wiclif Bible, 1 Kings xviii. 25, TAUELL. I to work with. in to thi wallis.- Wic. Ez, xxvi. 9.
rendered from the Lat. Præputia. Also written Well sped in spyndell and twining of tauellys.
Sey thou to hem that dawben or leyn morter withouten Tarse. See Teors, in Lye and Somner, and Teers, Shelton, v. i. p. 94. Dyce. temperynge (L. V. temperure, temperatura), that it is to
in Kilian. TAUNT.
fallynge doune.-Id. ib. xiii. 11. O temerous tauntresse, that delights in toyes,
Who is sweete liveth in temperings. (L. V. tempe- TEST. Jangling iestres (tress), depravresse of sweet ioyes. raunces, vini demorationibus.)--Id. Prov. xii. 11.
Nor would they tempt him with their open brests, Vncertaine Auctors. Against an Vnsted fast Woman.
Adr. It (the island) must needs be of subtle, tender, And swear their lips were love's assured tests. Heaven's Queen, who favours both, gave this command, and delicate temperance (temperature).
Brown. British Pastorals, v. č. p. 3. Suppress thy wrath, and stay thy vengeful hand,
Shakespeare. Tempest, act ii. sc. 1.
The issue of life and death is put upon our conduct and Be all thy rage in tauntful words exprest, And guiltless let thy thirsty falchion rest. TEMPEST. See Quotation from Golden Legend, behaviour; that is, made the test we are to be tried hy.
Paley. Seriron 35. Tickell. Homer's Niad, b. i. in v. Terroir, infra.
TESTER. See TESTON. TAW. See Tow.
Forsothe the tabernacle of the Lord that Moyses hadde
maad in desert, and the anter of brent sacrifices was in TESTY. TAWNY. that tempest (tempestate) in the heizt of Gabaon.
Than were ther yonge pour scoleres two,
Wic i Par. xxi. 30.
That dwelten in the halle of which I say:
Testif they were and lusty for to play.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4002. hem neyg,
to gidere, as ze ben therf (azymi), or without sour thing. THOROUGH. See THURROK, in Dictionary, Such a thing am I!
Wic. 1 Cor. v. 7. Thoroughi
, is in Wiclif Bible, written thurz, and is To anger rapid and as soon appeased,
prefixed, as the Latin preposition-per. For trifles mourning, and by tritles pleased,
Nyle ze be disseyued ; forsothe yuele spechis corumpen Break friendship's mirror with a tetchy blow,
Also, To thurz-sownd, personare; 'come, perveor distroyen goode thewis or vertues (mores). Yet snatch what coals of fire on pleasure's altar glow!
Wic. 1 Cor. xv. 33.
Thurz-fleer, perfuga ; 'dig, perfudere.
Thurz-shed, perfundere; 'draw, perlinire.
Thurz-trete, pertractare; 'drop, perstillare. TEW. Wel y thered, &c.-Id. Assemble of Foules, v. 47.
Thurz-hilid is thoroughly covered. (L. V. biAnd many dayes he (Peter) dwellide in Joppe at Symound, sum coriour, or taxier (quemdam coriarium).
THEY. See Hır, in Tyrwhitt's Essay.
spreynd, perfusus.) Num. xii. 10.
Nought fer fro thilke paleis honourable,
Robert of Gloucester, p. 104.
Ther stood a thorpe, of sighte delitable,
In which that poure folk of that village,
Hadden hir bestes and hir herbergage. THAN is used not only as a conjunction, but as a (E. V. hem, per ea.)— Wic. 3 Kings vi. 12.
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8075. preposition; and as such affects cases. Thus: “He
THOST, s. is wiser than me,” is good English. So also is, " He
As thycke as ameten crepeth in an amete (emmet) hulle. Eche womman that is lecherous, as a thost (L. V.fen, is wiser than I, i. e. than I am ;" in the first in
Robert of Gloucester, p. 296. stercus) in the weie shal ben to-treden. stance than is a preposition, in the second it is a Wyde wyndowes y-wrought,
Id. Ecclus. ix. 10; also in Lament. iv. 5. conjunction. We have various other words which Y-wryten ful thikke.-Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 348. THRALL. are used both as prepositions affecting cases, and as
THIEVE. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Skill, su•
Cursid (be) child Canaan, thral of alle thrallis (L. V. conjunctions affecting sentences or numbers of sen
serununt of seruaunts, servus servorum) he sbal be to hise
britheren. - Wic. Gen. ix. 25. tences. See in Dictionary Since, and supra, But, pra; Thieve-thorn, in v. Thorn, infra.
Thef-liche thow me robbedest. where an illustration should have been given.
Thi seed (Abram's) is to be a pilgrym in the lond not Pers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 12755.
his, and men shulen suget hem to thraldom. (L. V. ser“ They are all gone out but me.” See Diversions
Theuelich (L. V. theefli, furtim) Y am had a wey fro the wage.)-Id. 16. xv. 13. of Purley, v. i. p. 324, 4to. ed.
lond of Hebrew, and here an ynnocent Y am sent into a Ther (in Egipt) thow shalt be sold to thin enemyes, into laak. (L. V. prisoun.)— Ilic. Gen. xl. 15.
thrallis and thrallessis. (L. V. hand maidis.) THANK, s. In thank; thankfully, gratefully.
Id. Deut. xxviii. 63. For wete thou well, withoun were (doubt) THIGH. In Wiclif Bible, Gen. c. 32, hip is the
THRAVE. In thanke that thing is taken more, reading for thigh. In Lev. xi. 21, Thies (crura) is
Ac I hare thoughts a threve
Of thise thre piles,
In what wode thei woxen.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10910. And thongeth him and hir also.
My spirit shal be maad thynne (L. V. feble, attenuabit), THREAD. See the Quotation from Spenser, in THAR, or ?
my dazis sbal be shortid.- Wic. Job xvii. 1. A. S. Thearf-an ; Dut. Derv-en;
v. Three, in Dictionary.
For hymself seide,
That sire is of hevene,
If Adam ete the appal,
All sholde deye
Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 12253.
And dwelle with us develes;
This thretynge he made.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12641. and as a turnende ful axtre the thenkingus (L. V. his thou;tis and who. A man that is not proper. The relative who is proper. Thnt, ought always to signify a thing : Who, a as an extre able to turne aboute, cogitatus) of hym.
And now, Lord, bihold into the thretingis of hem. (L. V.
Wic. Ece. xxxiii. 5. thretnyngis, in minas.)-- Wic. Deeds iv. 29. person.-Dryden to Walsh. Works. Bell's ed. 1853.
Thilke Margarite hath been to thee deare in thy heart,
and for hast thou suffered many thoughtful diseases.
Sotheli the Heli tranht (troth, fides) this isse. Ac I swere now, so thee ik !
That o God in thrinnesse
And thripness in onnesse
ld. THEANTHROPISM. Gr. θεος, God, ανθρωπος,
The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7612.
Wurchip we the more and lesse.
Athanasian Creed in Hickes Thesaurus, v. i. p. 233. man. See ante PSILANTHROPISM. And tho thought I upon Boece
At last appear
Hell bounds high reaching to the horrid roof,
And thrice three fold the gates; three folds were brass. Cardinal Penon says, That they (the Primitive Chris
Id. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 465.
Milton. Par. L. b. ii. v. 645. tians) deny anthropophagy (qv.), but did not deny thean
Where shall we sojourne till our coronation?
THRESHOLD. thropophagy, saying, that they did not eat the flesh, nor
Where it thinks best unto your royal self.
And whan he drough to the dore, drink the blood of a meer man, but of Christ who was God
Shakespeare. Richard III. fo. 136, act in. sc. I. Thanne dymmed hise eighen: and man, which is so strange a device, as I wonder it could
He stumbled on the thresshfold, drop from the pen of so great a wit.
And threw to the erthe.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3187. THEFT. See THJEVE. (L. V.thridde part, tertius) of seedis.- Wic. 1 Mac. x. 29. And the litil sprynkil of Ysop wetith in blood, that is in
the nethir thresuuld (L.V. threisfold, limine), and sprengith
of it the ouerthreswold (L. V. lintel, superliminare), and (He) mercy gan graunte
either post.- Wic. Er. xii. 22; also xxii. 7. This was hir teme and hir text.
To hem that hengen hym on heigh,
He shal thril his eer with an alle (L. V. perse, perfora. Ac theologie hath tened me smoke, as of a tend pot, and boilende.- Hic. Job xli. 11. bit), and he shal be to hymn a seruaunt in to the world.
Wic. Er. xxi. 6. Ten score tymes :
THIRST. The moore I muse therinne
He coude his comming not forbere,
And voide he shal make the soule of the hungrere, and Though ye him thrilled with a spere.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7638. don a wei.- Wic. Is. xxxii. 6.
THRING. THERAPEUTIC. The Gr. Qepa TEUTIS, signi
A thousand of men tho fieth a worshipper or servant as well as a physician.
THIS. Wiclif writes Thisis fader.
Thrungen togideres.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3524. And the Therapeutic Essenes were so called because His.
Comaundour, campanyes thringen and turmentyng thee they (a sect of Jews) professed to cure the souls of The aungel seide to Raguel, Tobie, of the whiche thou (L. V. thristen, comprimunt), and thou seist, Who touchide
me!- Wic. Luke viii. 45. men; or because they had learnt from the law of askest, is thisis fuder... (L. V. fadir of this man, pater Nature, and the sacred laws of the Holy Scriptures, istius.) - Wic. Tobit vii. 5.
A man throng'd up with cold.
Shakespeare. Pericles, act ii. sc. I. to worship and serve the Supreme. See Prideaux, THOLE.
In 1 Tim. iii. 3, Tholmound,
THROAT. pt. ii. b. 5.
THOLMOUND. is a var. r. for temperate, mo
The whiche (Hien) seith, Takith hem on lyne. Whom THERE. destus; and in Philip. iv. 5, Tholmoundenesse, for
when thei hadden taken alyue, thei throtyden (L. V. stranThou shalt cleep the name of hym Yshmael, therthur; temperaunce, modestia.
gliden, jugulaverunt) hem in the cystern. that the Lord hath herd thin affliccioun.
Wic. 4 Kings x. 14.
And alle the trees seiden to the thorn (L. V. ramne, ether There (in heaven) trenthe is in trinitee,
theue thorn, rhamno), Com, and comaand thow ypon us. And troneth hem alle (i. e. soules), Clense že out oold sourdowy, that ze ben new spryngynge
Wic. Judg. ix. 14.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 724.
The tour on the toft, quod she,
Truthe is therinne.- Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 480.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13828. TOIL. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Tutter, supra.
In that dai the tilthis that ben laft (L. V. cornes, seTHROW, v.
getes) fro the face of the sonus of Irael (shul be forsakun). TOKEN. For the Lord hath throwen afar' (L. V. cast awei, pro
Wic. Is. xvi. 10. Thou hast zine to the dredende thee tohnung (L. V. a jecit) and forsaken the ieneracioun of his wodnesse.
And the werk of riztfulnesse schal be pees, and the tilth signefiyng, significationem), that thei flee fro the face of the
Wic. Jer, vii. 29. of ristfulnesse schal be stilnesse and sikirnese. (E. V. he-bowe.-tic. Ps. lix. 6.
riyng, cultus justitiæ.)-Id. 1b. xxxii. 17.
TOLL, v. Tolled out, qy. toiled or worked out; And tha thre boc thrumde to ane.
solon a tabernacle in the soler.- ld. 2 Kings xvi. 23. or told or counted out.
Til ten yerdes or twelue
(L. V. erthetulthe, agriculture.)-Id. 2 Par. xxvi. 10. Hadde tolled out thrittene. He thurgh the thickest of the throng gan threste.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2900.
TOLL, s. A process by which a suit was With that, his arme all sodainly he thriste
Taketh (3e) sa!m, and zyneth timbre (L. V. tympan, brought out of the hundred court” into the county Under hire necke; and at the last hire kiste.
tympanum) a merie sautre with an harpe. Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 1574.
Wic. P3. Ixxx. 3. court (raised from a lower to a higher).-Skinner.
N. Bucon, Hist. Disc, c. xlviii. p. 133. THRUST, i. e. Thirst.
TIME. Time-server, one who acts conformably, (Such) is the thrust of false getting,
expediently to times and seasons: who observes TOMBOY. Tombesteres, dancing women. That laste ever in coviting.
and uses times and seasons to suit purposes good or TOMBESTERE.) Tyrwhitt.
Fetis and smale.
Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12411.
TON and TOTHER (now common in Notts and And as the hand halt harde,
paciently suffringe til he receyue tymeful (temporaneum) other parts), i. e. the one and the other. And alle thyng faste,
and lateful (fruyt).- Wic. James v. 7. Thorugh foure fyngres and a thombe
And ther weren to hymn (Job) sene sones and thre doztris; There be four kinds of time-serving: first, out of ChrisForth with the pawme.
and he clepide the name of the ton (unius) Diem. tian discretion, which is commendable; second, out of
Wic. Job xlii. 13. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11686.
humane infirmity, which is more pardonable; third and THUNDER.
zif any shal smyte thee in the rizt cheeke, zeue to hym fourth, out of ignorance or affectation, both which are
and the tother (et alteram).-Id. Mat. v. 39. Ne the way of thonder leite (light) (via fulminis ardentes)
damnable: of them in order.-Maxim, l. He is a good that is wont to smiten high toures, ne shall nat moue that time-server, that complys his manners to the several ages
TO-NAME, i. e. Surname, qv. man.-Chaucer.-Boecius, b. i. m. 4.
of this life; pleasant in youth, without wantonness; grave
in old age, without frowardness. 2. He is a good timeTHURIBLE.
TONGUE. server, that finds out the fittest opportunity for every
action. 3. He is a good time-serrer, that improves the Striue thou not with a tungy man. (L. V.a man, a ianSweet, incense from the waving thuribule
present for God's glory and his own salvation. *4. He is a glere, linguato.)— Wic. Ecclus. viii. 4. Rose like a mist.–Southey. Madoc, pt. i. $ 13.
good time-server, that is pliant to the times in matters of As a graueli steezing vp in the feet of an old man, so a
mere indifferency. 5. He is a good time-server, that in THYME.
tungy womman (L.V.a womman, a greet ianglere, linguata) time of persecution, neither betrays God's cause, nor his to a quyete man.-Id. 16. xxv. 27. The schip of Hiram broazte fro Ophir ful many trees of own safety-Fuller. Holy State, b. iii. c. 19. tyme (ligna thymia).— Wic. 3 Kings x. 11.
Then sayed Laban; Thys heape be wytnes, between the TICE.
He (Bridgman) made a very bad chancellor ; for his and me this day; and this totehil which the Lord seeth Thanne princes and satraps falsli tysiden or counceyliden
timidous manner of creating and judging abundance of (sayd he) be wytnesse between me and the. (surripuerunt) to the kyng - Wic. "Dan. vi. 6. points, some on one side, some on another.
Bible, 1549. Gen. xxxi. (48.) Adam eet of the tre forbedun at the tisyng of his wiyf,
North. Life of Lord Keeper North, v. i. p. 168. Forsothe Dauid took the tote hil (arcem) Syon; that is lest he schuld make her sory, as Austyn seith.
Quoted by Campbell, v. ii. p. 281. the citee of Dauid. Forsothe Dauid dwellide in the tote id. 3 Kings xi. 5, mar. note . Fortune the audacious doth juvare,
hil, and clepide it the citee of Dauid. (L. V. tour, arce.) But lets the timidous miscarry.
Wic. Is. xxi. 5, 8. Specula, 2 Kings v. 7, 9. TICK.
Butler. Hudibras, pt. i. c. 3, v. 396.
And these thingus forsothe seide the Lord to me, Go, We din'd, supp'd, and wetted five and thirty guineas TIN.
and put a tootere (speculatorem), and whatevere thing he upon tick.-Footë, The Minor, A. i.
shal see telle he.- 1d. 16. xxi. 6. Strip thou their meretricious seemliness,
The other side ben
Who toteth on hem ?
Chaucer. Plowmans Tale, v. 2014. She is tikel of hire tail,
P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. viii.
For in your court is many a losengeour,
And many a queint toteler accusour,
That tabouren in your eres many a soun
Right after hir imaginacioun.
Id. Legend of Good Women Prol. v. 353. Of al tho folke that there were in that tide (condition).
brenning, incensio), forthi that the fier of the Lord was tende Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 210. (L, V. kyndlid, incensus fuisset) azens hem.
TOOTH, s. D. and Sw. Tand; Ger. Zan.
Wic. Num. xi. 3. Him tite (betide) as often harme therof as prowe.
Wachter and Ihre notice the Persian Dandan, Gr. Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 333. TING.
0-covt-es, Lat. Dent-es. And see Tugga in Ihre. Lo! Y schal brynge in yenils on Jerusalem and Juda, TIDIFE. A bird. See Chaucer, in v. Tercel. that who euer herith, bothe hise eeris tyngle. (E. V. tyn- TOP.
dyn, tinniant.) - Wic. 4 Kings xxi. 12. TIDY.
And thou mow not be heelid fro the sole of the foot til to I shal telle thee as tid (readily)
the top. (E. V. nol, verticem.)-Wü. Deut. xxviii. 35. What this tree highte.
Wisdam forsothe is drawen of hidde thingis; ne ther
shal be maad euene to it topasie (topazius) of Ethiope. That tened me never.-Id. Ib. v. 2013; also 13839. By Thetis' tinsel-slipper'd feet,
Wic. Job xxvii. 19. And the songs of sirens sweet. -Milton. Comus, v. 887. TIFF, v.
TOPSY-TURVY. When the head or top is And in the hour of rising tyff (L. V. tifle, trices) thou TINT.
where the feet or bottom should be, q. d. tops in thee not.-Wic. Ecclus. xxxii. 15.
TINCT. S Make thee no toriyng in araying, ether tiflyng of heeris
turves. Tops or beads in the turf; heads strewed as wymmen doon.-ld. Ib. mar. note.
on the ground. Skinner. TIGHT. I pray you a ligtyl tyme stand backe.
TORET, i. e. Turret, qv.
Skelton. Garland of Lawrell, v. 505. And so alle the sones of Yrael rysynge fro her seetis
TORMENT. tisten shiltron (L. V. settiden, tetenderunt aciem) in the TOAD-EATER. Supposed by Bp. Copplestone place that is clepid Baalthamar.- Wic. Judg. xx. 33.
In what nature soever they are (malice, and envy, and to be from Sp. Todito, from todo, all and every revenge), they are as vexatious and tormentful to itself, as TILE. thing; a factotum.
they are troublesome and mischievous to others.
Tillotson, v. iii. p. 192, fo. ed. Come ze and make we tiel stonys (lateres), and bake we tho with fier; and thei hadden tiel for stonus (lateres pro
TODDLE. See DADDLE,
TORRENT, adj. See Milton, in v. Rapture. saris).- Wic. Gen. xi. 3.
TOE. Tac to thee in thin hond stones, and hyd hem in the
In Wiclif Bible, Dan. ii. 41, Toes (digiti) TORRID. See Singe, supra. caue that is vnder the tily wal (L. V. wal of tül stoon, are called fingris, or toon; and fingris, only. muro latericio) in the zate of the hous of Faraó.
TORT. Torcencious, in Chaucer; Using extorThis Chaunteclere stood high upon his toos. ld. Jer. xliii. 9.
Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15337. tion. Speght.
TOUKER. } See Tuck.
TRASHED. Betrayed. Tyrwhitt. See TRAI-
Her (Idlenesse) acquaintaunce is perillous;
Holland. Lirius, p. 558.
First soft, and after-full noious:
She hath the trashed without wene.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3231.
(L. V. aspiendli, insidiose.) Wic. Ecclus. xxxii. 19. And thei hadden tiles for stoons, and toroz cley (L. V.
TRAVAIL. Qy. Shakespeare, Othello, act i. sc.
Travel's history - travailous history; see the
(L. V. trampith, terit) with the foot, with the fingir he
Myn aflliccioun and the traueil of myn hondis (laborem)
the Lord bihelde.- Wic. Gen. xxxi. 49.
Forwhi, bodili exercitatioun or traueling, or abstinence
(exercitatio) to litil thing is profytable.-ld. 1 Tim. iv. 8. As any tabour, hither ben ybrought. O where is al the transitorye fame,
Sones camen til to the childberyng, and the traveler of
childe. (E. V. childberere, parturiens.)
Id. 4 Kings xix. 3.
As an herte desireth shadewe, and as an hirid man
And cold dishonour-Coleridge. Remorse, A. iii. sc. 2. abideth the ende of his werk; so and I hadde voide The wals and bulwarks trembled at the threat.
monethis, and trave us (laboriosas) nygtis I noumbride Fuirefuz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xi. st. 37. TRANSCEND.
out to me.-I. Job vii. 3.
All relative and adventive (adrentitias) conditions and Therfore sey to the sones of Yrael, Y, The Lord, that shal
The crockere, the nesshe erthe threstende (premens)
Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 4.
trauailously (laboriose) muketh to oure uses eche vessel.
Id. Wis. xv. 7. (Hounds) folwed him; with mosel fast ybound; stiled transcendental, metaphysicall.
Plato to thilk brynk of Itali, the which sum tyme was
Wilkins. Real Character, pt. ii, c. 1.
seid Grete Grece, ful traveilousli şede.
Id. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 61. Thine astrolabye hath a ringe. This ringe runneth in Aristotle tells us, that the world is a copy or transcript TRAVEL. See TRAVAIL. manner of a turet.-Id. Astrolabie.
of those ideas, which are in the inind of the first Being, and
that those ideas, which are in the mind of man, are a TRAVERSE.
Truthe that trespased nerere,
Ne traverscd ayeins the lawe.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8002.
Addison. Spectator, No. 166.
TRAY, v. i. e. Betray. See TRAITOR.
I am trašid (L. V. takun, traditus sum) and I wente not
ont.-Wic. Ps. lxxxvii. 10.
How he forswore him falsely;
May deify the canvas till it shine
And trayed Phyllis wickedly.
Chaucer, House of Fame, b. i. v. 390.
Were well fitting, if that I were a fiend,
To traien a wight, that true is unto me.
Byron. Proph. of Dante, c. iv.
Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 437.
TREACHER. See Piers Plouhman in v. Trifler,
Dryden. Ovid, b. xv. The Pythagorean Philosophy.
No man shal mowe withstonde to thee, to the tyme that
thow al-to trede hem. (L. V. al-to breke, conterus.) draws. Words may not tell of that transhuman change.
Wic. Deut. vii. 24. And as the guise was in his contree,
Cary. Dante. Purgatory, b. i. v. 68.
I shal breke doun his wal, and it shal ben in to to-tredyng Ful highe upon a char of gold stood he;
(L. V. defoulyng, conculcationem); and I shal setten it With foure white bolles in the trais.
desert.-ld. Is. v. 5.
Wyn in the presse he shal not trede, that to treden was
wont; the vois of the trederes I toc awey. (L.V. wringeres, TRANS-LATE.
calcantium.)-Id. 16. xvi. 10. way of life,—via vitæ, oĉog Bir—the path pursued
That translatide hillis, and these wisten not. (L. V. bar
Thou woldest han ben a trede-foul a right,
, from fro o place to another, transtulit.)-Wic. Job ix. 9.
Haddest thou as grete leve, as thou hast might, træde, gradi, caleare; and that the English trade,
I hadde ben as I were not-fro the wombe translatid.
To parfourme all thy lust.
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 13951.
When Maty has done with the copy, &c. you must return
Forsothe te han not come to the tretable fyer. (L. V.
Wic. Heb. xii. 18.
TRANS-LUCENT. See TRANS-PARENT.
When Calchas knew this tretise (treaty) should yholde
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 64.
to translucent; but not translucent to transparent.
Here endeth the thirde traytye (treatise);
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, d. 19.
Carton. The winds, when we came to a distance from the shore, TRANSPECIATE, v. To change from one spe
They had treated (i. e. entreated) the Erle of Derby to seemed to be more steadily against us, blowing almost
be their kynge.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 742. trade, as we call it, from E. and E. N. E.
cies (qv.) to another.
Defoe. Robinson Crusoe. I do not credit those transformations of reasonable crea- TREE. Piers Plouhman (as below) writes the TRADITOR, i. e. Traitor, qv.
- pl. trowers:
In Wiclif and Chaucer, tree is wood. ciate a man into a horse, who tempted Christ (as a of In Wiclif treen is wooden, and the tree worker, I had such expe of one before, who, instead of his divinity) to convert but stones into bread. keeping the flock within the fold, encouraged them to
Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ xxx.
lignarius opifex ; and in Chaucer, Cristes tre is the stray-that I was afraid of a traditour.
cross; the rood.
That there be corrupte rennyng bloode in al the loond of
Egipte, as wel in treen vessel as in stony. (L. V. vessels
The appetencies of matter, and the most universal pas. of tree, ligneis.)— Wic. Er. vii. 19.
sions (passiones) in either globe are exceeding potent, and Ful wel ve know, a lord in his houshold
Som ben of tree.
Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Prol. v. 5682. xviii. 11, Incantator is in the var. r. rendered En
What Absolon? What-Cristes swete tre! chauntere or Tregitorer.
TRAP. Trappers, written Trappures by Chaucer.
Why rise ye so rath?- Id. The Milleres Tale, v. 3765.
A quiet, treeless nook, with two green fields.
Wordsworth. Excursion, b. ii.
Thus through all the stages thou hast push'd
He (J. Johnson) understands booksellers' trap as well as Of treeship; first a seedling, hid in grass;
Then twig; then sapling.– Cowper. Yardley Oak,
TRINE-COMPASS, i. e. the Trinity; appa- TRUST. TREND. Is in Tooke's Index Expurgatorius. rently derived from the common emblem of that Wo! that gon doun in to Egipt to helpe, in hors hopende,
mystery, a circle circumscribing a triangle. (See in Todd.) To trendle is, to trundle.
and hauende trost (L. V. trist, fiduciam) vpon foure horsid The eternal love and pees,
carres.- Wic. ls. xxxi. 1. Y sawz a swenen, and it seemed to me as a loof of barThat of trine compas Lord and gide is.
And ther shul be fed the first goten of pore men, and lich maad undir asshen to be trendlid (L. V. waleuid,
Chaucer. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15513.
pore men trostly shul resten. (L. V. feithfulli, fiduciulivolri) and into the tentis of Madyan to goo doun.
ter.)-Id. lb. xiv. 30. Wic. Judges vii. 13. TRINKET.
And in this tristnynge (L. V. tristyng, confidentia) I And Y schal cumpas as a round trendil (E. V. bal,
No trinketry on front, or Deck or breast,
wolde firste come to you.-Id. 2 Cor. i. 15. And Eph. ii. spharam) in thi compasse, and Y schal caste erthes ajens thee.-ld. Is. xxix. 3.
Marring the perfect form.
12, E. V. trustnynge; L. V. tristenyng, fiducia.
Southey. Curse of Kehama, b. xiii. v. 13.
TRUTCH. See TRUCHMAN.
And about my hearse, Trentals, sayd he, delireren fro penance,
He loketh how his tyme is lore,
For a trutch sword, my naked knife stick ap.
Beaumont and Fletcher. Womar Hater, act i. se. 3.
That he within his thought conceineth
Tristesse, and so himself deceideth,
TRY. Trie tree,-choice, as tried, proved.
That --Gover. Conf. Am. b. iv. fo. 814. whitt refers to Trebuchetum in Du Cange, who ex- Now hath he ben my synguler reiute (refuge)
It is a ful trie tree, quod he,
Trewely to telle.-Prers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10800. plains, with Cotgrave, A large engine or machine for throwing stones and battering wails. See also
Lyfe of our Ladye, a. iii, c. 1. Caston,
TUCK. Toukere is in Wiclif used as Fuller or Roquefort.
TRIST. See TRUST.
Walkere in various readings.
Cloth that cometh fro the weryng
Is noght comly to were
Til it be fulled under foot,
Y-touked and y-teynted.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10533. Charged its long sling with death.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 1534.
Thei stoden bisidis the water candijt of the hijere cistern,
which is in the weie of the fullere, ethir toukere (fullonis). TRESS. 1 Low Lat. Tressorium; Fr. Tres
Wic. 4 Kings xviii. 17. So oft they (Satan's compeers) fell TRESSOUR. I soin.
Thy grace by bering may set the in such plight, that no Into the same illusion, not as man,
jangling may greeue the least tucke of thy hermes. And with a richè golde tresour, Whom they triumphed, once lost.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
Milton. Par. L. b. x. v. 592.
TUCK, s. A net used in the pilchard fishery, to
draw up the fish confined in the seine. TRESSEL. In Wiclif's Bible, Er. xxvi. 20, 25,
Thise two and thritty wynter. the Lat. bases is in the texts rendered foundementis ;
Piers Plouhman's Vision, s. 12676.
TUITION. in var. r. trestlis.
Daniel was of age sufficient at his carrying away to TROMP, &c. See TRUMPET.
Babylon to have been some time before under the discipline TRETIS, adj. i. e. Traictis. Roquefort. Well
TRONCHEON. See TRUNCHEON, in v. Trun
and tuterage of that prophet (Jeremiah).
Prideaui. Con. pt. i. b. 4. proportioned, Tyrwhitt. And see Menage.
cate, in Dictionary. Hire (the Prioresse's) nose was tretis.
TULL, v. Tyrwhitt, To allure; Qy. toil, or, take Chaucer. Canterbury Tales, Prol. v. 152. TROT.
in a toil. As white as lilie or rose in rise, Fals sat on & sisour
Gar us have mete and drinke, and make us chere; Her face was gentil and tretise.
That softeli trotted.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1213.
And we sal paien, trewely, at the full;
With empty hand men may na haukes tull.
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v, 4132.
TUMBLE. TRIACLE. See TREACLE.
Chaucer. The Freres Tale, v. 7164.
Thei seyden to hym, This is sche, that Jezabel. And he TROUBLE.
seyde to hem, Tumblith hyre down (L. V. caste ze, præciTRIBULATION. The Vulg. Lat. Tribulatio is from the Gr. Slevis, from 9Mbeiv, to rub; to aftlict, turbatio) was maad in that dai, of the weie of the Lord. And a greet troubling (E. V. sturhling ; var. r. turbling, pitate), and thei tumbliden hyre.— Wic. 4 Kings ix. 33.
With a leperesse or tumblere (L. V. runceresse, saltto distress. TRIBULATION, or AFFLICTION. So ap
Wic. Deeds xix. 23. trice) be thou not besy, ne here hir. Lest par auenture plied by ecclesiastical writers from the classic Lat. They shul crien to the Lord fro the face of the trublere thou pershe in the delyuere doyng of hir,
ld. Ecclus. ix. 4. Tribulare, to draw a tribule or tribulum (an imple tribulantis), and he shal send to them a saneour, and a forfiz tere, that delyuere them.-Id. Is. xix. 20.
TUNE. ment or instrument, quo (frumentum) teritur,Varro,)
At Gessury fro the trubli flood (L. V. troblid, turindo) He taught hir over the corn in the ear, and by attrition separating that weetith Egipt, ynto the teermys of Accharon azens Many a teune, and many a note, the grain from the husk or chaff. Tribulare proprie the North.-ld. Joshua xiii. 3.
Upon musike, upon measure. est hominem calamitatibus terere haud secus ac
Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1785. TROW. See the Quotation from Ford, in Dic- TUP. spicæ tribula toruntur. Voss. See Trench. On the
tionary. Truage-pledge of truth, or truce granted The mountain rams topt your bot mothers. Study of Words, Lect. i. (on payment of tax). Also, the tax.
Beaumont and Fletcher. Bonduca, act iii. sc. 5. TRICE, o. i. e. Thrust.
Thow shalt drede nyzt and day, and thow shalt not troue to thi lyf. (L. V. bileue, credetis.)
TURBID. By God! out of his seat I will him trice.
Wic. Deut. xxviii. 66.
In the secund turbe was Maister Coradyn.
Robert of Brunne, v. 188.
And alle the tourbe of deuellis fleying in the ayer fledde See TRICHOTOMY. A cutting into three.
backwarde.— The Golden Legend, fo. 24, col. 4. DicнoтoMY.
TROWEL. . His (Aristotle's) trichotomy into hypotheses, definitions,
And the Lord saide to me, What seest thou, Amos ? And TURMENT. See TORMENT. and axioms, as to what belongs to the members of the Y saide, A truel (trulla) of masoun.- Wic. Amos vii. 8. divisions in general, and with respect to every science,
TURN, s. seems to be most perfect; but as to the explication, other- TRUAND. Truandise is written Trowaudise by For coveitise wise. --Barrow. Math. Lec. viii. p. 119. Chaucer in Rom. of the Rose, v. 3954.
Men of holy kirke
Shul torne as templers dide.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10637.
And with cedre al the hows within was clothid, harynge Son of Amphytrion with tridental shaft
Ye shal ful wel al mine estate y here;
al his turnours (L, V. smethenessis, tornaturas) and his Her bosom pierced.-Cowper. Iliad, b. 5, v. 468.
And ere that truce is done, I shal ben here.
ioneturis forgid.– Wic. 3 Kings vi. 18; and v. 29, turnTRIFLE.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ir. v. 1312.
The Lord mengd in his myddel (Egipt's) the spirit of A! Peres, quath I tho,
turngidy. (L. V. errour, vertiginis.)-12. Is. xix. 14. I pray the thou me telle More of thise tryflers.
His truchmen now, and now hemselfe doth say
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xx. st. 24. The word of God is more able to perse than any turerne Forsothe priue desceyayng of trifling (fascinatio nugaci- TRUE. See TROW.
eggid sword (anceps).- Wic. Heb. iv. 12. tatis) derkneth good thingus.- Wic. "Wis. iv. 12.
A male tweifold on his croper lay,
It semed that he caried letel array.
Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Prol. v. 16033. The innocent word, trimmer, signifies no more than this:
Take a trunk, and let one whistle at one end, and hold That if men are together in a boat, and one part of the your ear at the other, and you shall find the sound strike
The pretty shame so sharp as you can scarce endure it.
Of babe, that tempts and shuns the menaced kiss, company should weigh it down on one side, another would
Bacon. Natural History, $ 138.
From its tuy-clustered hiding place of snow. make it'lean down as much to the contrary; it happens
TRUSS. there is a third opinion of those, who conceive it would do
Coleridge. The Pang more sharp, H.
She had there been left as well if the boat went even without endangering the Under his hed no pilowe was,
A guard upon the wain, which I beheld passengers.- Halifax (Marquess). Character of a Trim- But in the stede a trusse of gras.
Bound to the tuyform beast (the gryphon). mer. Preface.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4004.
Cary. Dante. Purgatory, b. Xxxii. v. 95.