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To holden with Antecrist,
He hym silf was a crafti man of trees (lignorum), and a They (the Royalists in Rd. Cromwell's Parliament) de-

Hir temporaltees to saue. tapesere (polymitarius).— Wic. Er. xxxvii. 23. picted in glowing colours, the happy, tranquil, tarless times,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14181. (Thei) offreden to hym couerynge clothis, and tapetis

TEMPT. which the more aged might still remember. (tapetia), and erthen vessels.-Id. 2 Kings xvii. 28.

Campbell (Hyde), v. ii. p. 179. I beseche, tempt or assaie (tenta) vs thi seruauntis len TAR.


days.- Wic. Dan. i. 12.

Teche me to no tresor, And loo! the Lord stondynge on a wal teerid or morterd


But tel me this ilke, (L. V. plastrid, litum), and in the hond of hym a truel

Tho that weren in benene

How I may saue my soule. (trulla) of masoun.- Wic. Amos vii. 7.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 624.

Token stella cometa,

And tendeden it as a torche
A wis man is strong, and tazt man (L. V. lerned, doctus)

To reverencen his burthe.
is stalwrth and mizti.
And soon a score of fires, I ween,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12555. Wic. Prov. xxiv. 5; and Wis. xiii. 11, taztli, docte. From height, and hill, and cliff were seen;

The which seith, je tenden to ydeleres (L. V. gyuen tent, They gleamed on many a dusky tarn,

Forsothe the techeresse (doctrir) it (wisdom) is of the

vacatis otio): and therfor ze seyen, Go we, and sacryfye to Haunted by the lonely earn. discipline of God, and the cheseresse (electris) of the

the Lord.— Wic. Er. v. 17; also Judg. v. 17. Scott. Last Minstrel, c. iii. 9 29.

werkis of hym.-Id. Wis. viii. 4. TARR, o.

Now thanne, Son myn, here thou me and tac tente (L.V. TEAR, s.

perceiue, attende) to the woordis of my mouth.-12. Pror. Therfor thou schalt speke my wordis to hem, if perauen- Whan she him sawe, she gan for sorowè anon

vii. 24 ; and Wisd. xii. 20. Tentifnesse, in the E. V. is perture thei heren and resten, for thei ben terreris to wraththe.

seyuyng, in the L. V. from the Lat. attentio.

Her tery face atwixt hire armes hide. (L. V, wraththen, irritatores.) Wic. Ez. ii. 6; and v. 8, exasperatrir.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 821.

TENDER. Neverthelatre the Lord is not turned aweye fro the

TEAR, 0.

See Wiclif, in v. Unceasing, infra. Thy tender-hefted nature shall not give wrath of his grete woodnes, in the whiche his wodnes is

Pharao shal take awey thin heed, and shal honge thee Thee o'er to harshness. wrothe azeynas Juda, for the terryngis in the whiche Manasses had terred hym (propter irritationes quibus provoin the crosse, and foulis shulen teere (laceratrunt) thi fleisch.

Shakespeare. King Lear, act ii. sc. 4.

Wic. Gen. xli. 19. caret eum).--Id. 4 Kings xxiii. 26. And alle placis, in the whiche she was wont to gladen,


A TARRY. with to-tering (L. V. to-breidyng, laceratione) of heris she

quene fulolde.-1.Esth. xiv. 2.

That torneth him to mochel tene. God is redi to tyue good, to punshen a tariere.

Gower. Conf. Am. fo. 140. Wic. Prol. to Jer. p. 342. TEASE.

What sholde I lenger in this tale tarien?

Clooth that cometh fro the wevyng
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressidu, b. ii. v. 1622.

Thou shalt dye here in tenebres or derknes.
Is noght comly to were,

The Golden Legend. St. Arnolde, fo. 368. He taryed him there a ten days.

Til,-- wasshen wel with water
Berners' Froissart, v. ii.

73. And with taseles cracched.

TENET. Also written Tenent.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10532. TART, s. See the second Quotation from Hack

People of differing religions judge and condemn each The sendingus out of leitis shal gon euene rizt, and as at

other by their own tenents; when both of them cannot be luyt, in v. Wreath, in Dictionary.

the teising the bowe of cloudis bent (L. V. and as the sidis in the right, and it is well if either of them are. TAS. See TAAS.

of a reynbowe, urhan the boue of clouis is beakid, tanquam Wollaston. Religion of Nature, sec. 5, $ xviii. p. 3. a bene curvato arcu nubium), thei shuln ben outlawid.

Wic. Wis. v. 22. TASTE.


Of the tennes to wynne or lese a chace, For alle thei were unhardy

TEEN. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Untidy, infra.
To touchen hym (Jesus), or to tasten hym,

May no lyfe wete or that the bal be ronne.
Tirauntz that teneth trewe men.
Or taken doun of roode.

Gouer. To King Henry IV. fo. 351'.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10460.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12242.

There is no manne on live that may come to a precious
This noble clerke with all haste
thing long coueted but he sometime suffer teneful diseases.

The king Dauyd entune did his harpe,
Began the veynes for to taste,

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

And with the tenours and the treblys sharpe,
And saw hir age was of youthe.

He to heuen gan enhaunce and reyse
Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 180%. TEGGYS, i. e. Taggys. Worthless things? See

This day of dayes.- Lyfe of our Ladye. Carton, g. 82. 8o maie a man by reason taste Tag.

How nexte after the god aboue,
The trouthe of women, and the lone,
TELEOLOGY. 2 The doctrine of final causes.

Parchment or leather will stretch, paper will not ; Is inightiest.-Id. 16. b. vii. fo. 1522.

TELEOLOGICAL. -Hallam. Lit. of Europe, ii.

woollen cloth will tenter, linen will not. For tasting is defended (denied) me.-Id. 1b. vi. fo. 1284.

Bacon. Natural History, ( 841. 480. He now began

TEREBYNTH. To taste the bow,-Chapman. Odyssey.

TELL. In Wiclif Bible, Ps. xciii. 4, Effari, is As a terebynte and as an oek, that spreadeth out his Taste is that faculty of the human mind by which we perceive and enjoy, whatever is beautiful or sublime in the in E. V. rendered to stirringly say; and in L. v. braunchis, holy sed shal it ben.— Wic. Is. vi. 13. works of nature or art.-Alison. Essay, i. to tell out.

And so it is tool to Joab of tellers (a narrantibus) Abner,

Of briddes and of beestes
TATA. See Dada.

the son of Ner, cam to the Kyng.- Wic. 2 Kings iii, 23. Men by olde tyme TATCH. See TETCH, Tack.

That he (Nero) so litel of his moder told (accounted). Ensamples token and termes,
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14404.

As telleth the poetes.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, 6.7903.
Ac I fynde if the fader
Morne had got the start of night

Kynges . . . sholde ... taken transgressores
Be fals and a sherewe,
When the shepheards from their fold,

And tyen hem faste,
That som del the sone
All their bleating charges told

Til treuthe hadde y-termyned
Shal have the sires taches.
Both their sheepe told, and none mist

Hire trespas to the ende.-Id. ib. v. 653.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v, 5470.
Of their number.-Browne. Shep. Pipe. Ec. 5.

I ennyrounde it with my termes (terminis), and sette the For ever more love his seruauntes amendeth,

Com. Here is your niece, whom I have married; witness heenglis and doris.— Wic. Job xxxviii. 10.
And from all evill taches hem defendeth.
Chuucer. Cuckoo and Nightingale, v. 192.

These gentlemen, the knight, captain, and parson, He (Demophon) falsely gan his termè pace (pass the time
And this grave, politie, tell-troth of the court.


:--Chaucer. House of Fame, b. i. v. 392. TATTER.

B. Jonson. Magnetic Lady, act iv. sc. 3.

TERRE. See Tar, s. His teeth with toylyng of lether

TEMERITY. Tatered as a sawe.- Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 1501.

By those cryptick wages of institution the ancients did TERROIR. Fr. Terroir; the land; the terriTAVERN. hide a light, and keep it in a dark lanthorn from the te

tory. Twei spices apperiden harde and perilouse to me: a meration of ruder handlings and popular preachers.

They toke the vessel wherein the body (Pylate's) was, marchaunt is delyuered of hard (difficile) fro his necgli

Bp. Taylor. Sermon on Ministers' Duty,

and sente it for to berye it in the terroir of the cyte of

ser. xi. p. 229, fo. ed. gence, and a taverner (crupo) schal noć be iustified of

Losane, the whiche also was tempested.

TEMPER. synnes of lippis.- Wic. Ecclus. xxvi. 28.

The Golden Legend. Carton, fo. 18, c. 2. And he shal tempre engynes (temperabit) in maner of TAUELLYS. 1 Aninstrument for a silk-woman vynes (vineas), and engynes in maner of wetheres (arietes)

TERSIS. Is in Wiclif Bible, 1 Kings xviii. 25, TAUELL. I to work with. in to thi wallis.- Wic. Ez, xxvi. 9.

rendered from the Lat. Præputia. Also written Well sped in spyndell and twining of tauellys.

Sey thou to hem that dawben or leyn morter withouten Tarse. See Teors, in Lye and Somner, and Teers, Shelton, v. i. p. 94. Dyce. temperynge (L. V. temperure, temperatura), that it is to

in Kilian. TAUNT.

fallynge doune.-Id. ib. xiii. 11. O temerous tauntresse, that delights in toyes,

Who is sweete liveth in temperings. (L. V. tempe- TEST. Jangling iestres (tress), depravresse of sweet ioyes. raunces, vini demorationibus.)--Id. Prov. xii. 11.

Nor would they tempt him with their open brests, Vncertaine Auctors. Against an Vnsted fast Woman.

Adr. It (the island) must needs be of subtle, tender, And swear their lips were love's assured tests. Heaven's Queen, who favours both, gave this command, and delicate temperance (temperature).

Brown. British Pastorals, v. č. p. 3. Suppress thy wrath, and stay thy vengeful hand,

Shakespeare. Tempest, act ii. sc. 1.

The issue of life and death is put upon our conduct and Be all thy rage in tauntful words exprest, And guiltless let thy thirsty falchion rest. TEMPEST. See Quotation from Golden Legend, behaviour; that is, made the test we are to be tried hy.

Paley. Seriron 35. Tickell. Homer's Niad, b. i. in v. Terroir, infra.


Forsothe the tabernacle of the Lord that Moyses hadde

maad in desert, and the anter of brent sacrifices was in TESTY. TAWNY. that tempest (tempestate) in the heizt of Gabaon.

Than were ther yonge pour scoleres two,

Wic i Par. xxi. 30.
In a tmony tabard

That dwelten in the halle of which I say:
Of twelf wynter age,

Testif they were and lusty for to play.
Al so torn and baudy.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 2863. And prelates thei hem maden

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4002. hem neyg,



to gidere, as ze ben therf (azymi), or without sour thing. THOROUGH. See THURROK, in Dictionary, Such a thing am I!

Wic. 1 Cor. v. 7. Thoroughi

, is in Wiclif Bible, written thurz, and is To anger rapid and as soon appeased,


prefixed, as the Latin preposition-per. For trifles mourning, and by tritles pleased,

Nyle ze be disseyued ; forsothe yuele spechis corumpen Break friendship's mirror with a tetchy blow,

Also, To thurz-sownd, personare; 'come, perveor distroyen goode thewis or vertues (mores). Yet snatch what coals of fire on pleasure's altar glow!


Wic. 1 Cor. xv. 33.
Coleridge. To an Infant.
Al thewes good, as sitteth well to be,

Thurz-fleer, perfuga ; 'dig, perfudere.
TETTISH. See Tetch.
Haue women euer of custome and vsage.

Thurz-shed, perfundere; 'draw, perlinire.
Chaucer. Works, fo. 328.

Thurz-trete, pertractare; 'drop, perstillare. TEW. Wel y thered, &c.-Id. Assemble of Foules, v. 47.

Thurz-hilid is thoroughly covered. (L. V. biAnd many dayes he (Peter) dwellide in Joppe at Symound, sum coriour, or taxier (quemdam coriarium).

THEY. See Hır, in Tyrwhitt's Essay.

spreynd, perfusus.) Num. xii. 10.
Wic. Deeds ix. 43. Ac tho heo (when they) were al bi hem selue, and no man

Tuly coloure.
Puniceus, Vel Punicus, Prompt. Par.
He drow ys knyf, and slow the kyng.

Nought fer fro thilke paleis honourable,
Dyce. Skelton, v. ii. p. 319.

Robert of Gloucester, p. 104.

Ther stood a thorpe, of sighte delitable,
If thou kepist alle my comaundementis and goist by tho.

In which that poure folk of that village,

Hadden hir bestes and hir herbergage. THAN is used not only as a conjunction, but as a (E. V. hem, per ea.)— Wic. 3 Kings vi. 12.

Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8075. preposition; and as such affects cases. Thus: “He


THOST, s. is wiser than me,” is good English. So also is, " He

As thycke as ameten crepeth in an amete (emmet) hulle. Eche womman that is lecherous, as a thost (L. V.fen, is wiser than I, i. e. than I am ;" in the first in

Robert of Gloucester, p. 296. stercus) in the weie shal ben to-treden. stance than is a preposition, in the second it is a Wyde wyndowes y-wrought,

Id. Ecclus. ix. 10; also in Lament. iv. 5. conjunction. We have various other words which Y-wryten ful thikke.-Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 348. THRALL. are used both as prepositions affecting cases, and as

THIEVE. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Skill, su•

Cursid (be) child Canaan, thral of alle thrallis (L. V. conjunctions affecting sentences or numbers of sen

serununt of seruaunts, servus servorum) he sbal be to hise

britheren. - Wic. Gen. ix. 25. tences. See in Dictionary Since, and supra, But, pra; Thieve-thorn, in v. Thorn, infra.

Thef-liche thow me robbedest. where an illustration should have been given.

Thi seed (Abram's) is to be a pilgrym in the lond not Pers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 12755.

his, and men shulen suget hem to thraldom. (L. V. ser“ They are all gone out but me.” See Diversions

Theuelich (L. V. theefli, furtim) Y am had a wey fro the wage.)-Id. 16. xv. 13. of Purley, v. i. p. 324, 4to. ed.

lond of Hebrew, and here an ynnocent Y am sent into a Ther (in Egipt) thow shalt be sold to thin enemyes, into laak. (L. V. prisoun.)— Ilic. Gen. xl. 15.

thrallis and thrallessis. (L. V. hand maidis.) THANK, s. In thank; thankfully, gratefully.

Id. Deut. xxviii. 63. For wete thou well, withoun were (doubt) THIGH. In Wiclif Bible, Gen. c. 32, hip is the

THRAVE. In thanke that thing is taken more, reading for thigh. In Lev. xi. 21, Thies (crura) is

Ac I hare thoughts a threve
For which a man hath suffered sore.
a var. r. for hips. In Is. xlvii. 2, E. V. thees; L. V.

Of thise thre piles,
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2741.

In what wode thei woxen.
And he his knee to grounde bente,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10910. And thongeth him and hir also.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1791.

My spirit shal be maad thynne (L. V. feble, attenuabit), THREAD. See the Quotation from Spenser, in THAR, or ?

my dazis sbal be shortid.- Wic. Job xvii. 1. A. S. Thearf-an ; Dut. Derv-en;

v. Three, in Dictionary.
THARE, v. S Ger. Darb-en. To need or have THINK. Piers Plouhman and Wiclif write, THREAT.
need. Mr. Tyrwhitt. Him behoveth not, &c.
Athink, qv.; the latter also, Othink.

For hymself seide,
And therfore this proverb is sayd, ful soth,
Sorre it me a-thynketh,

That sire is of hevene,
Him thar not winnen wel, that evil doth.
For the dede that I have doon

If Adam ete the appal,
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4315. I do me in your grace,

All sholde deye

Piers Plouhman's l'ision, v. 12253.

And dwelle with us develes;
The entrailes of a fool (precordia) as the whel of a carre,

This thretynge he made.
I find that you make not a due distinction between that

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12641. and as a turnende ful axtre the thenkingus (L. V. his thou;tis and who. A man that is not proper. The relative who is proper. Thnt, ought always to signify a thing : Who, a as an extre able to turne aboute, cogitatus) of hym.

And now, Lord, bihold into the thretingis of hem. (L. V.

Wic. Ece. xxxiii. 5. thretnyngis, in minas.)-- Wic. Deeds iv. 29. person.-Dryden to Walsh. Works. Bell's ed. 1853.

Thilke Margarite hath been to thee deare in thy heart,

THE, 0.

and for hast thou suffered many thoughtful diseases.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

Sotheli the Heli tranht (troth, fides) this isse. Ac I swere now, so thee ik !

That o God in thrinnesse
(So may I thrive).-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2927.
Then thoughten they, it was the bestè rede

And thripness in onnesse
To lede them bothe to the juge again..

ld. THEANTHROPISM. Gr. θεος, God, ανθρωπος,

The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7612.

Wurchip we the more and lesse.

Athanasian Creed in Hickes Thesaurus, v. i. p. 233. man. See ante PSILANTHROPISM. And tho thought I upon Boece

At last appear
That writeth, A thought may flye so hie,
With fethers of philosophie,

Hell bounds high reaching to the horrid roof,
THEANTHROPOPHAGY. See the Quotation.
To passen everyche element.

And thrice three fold the gates; three folds were brass. Cardinal Penon says, That they (the Primitive Chris

Id. House of Fame, b. ii. v. 465.

Milton. Par. L. b. ii. v. 645. tians) deny anthropophagy (qv.), but did not deny thean

Where shall we sojourne till our coronation?

THRESHOLD. thropophagy, saying, that they did not eat the flesh, nor

Where it thinks best unto your royal self.

And whan he drough to the dore, drink the blood of a meer man, but of Christ who was God

Shakespeare. Richard III. fo. 136, act in. sc. I. Thanne dymmed hise eighen: and man, which is so strange a device, as I wonder it could

He stumbled on the thresshfold, drop from the pen of so great a wit.


And threw to the erthe.
Bp. Taylor. Of the Real Presence, sec. xii. $ 14.
I forzeue to zou the pricis of salt and forteue the thriddis

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3187. THEFT. See THJEVE. (L. V.thridde part, tertius) of seedis.- Wic. 1 Mac. x. 29. And the litil sprynkil of Ysop wetith in blood, that is in

the nethir thresuuld (L.V. threisfold, limine), and sprengith


of it the ouerthreswold (L. V. lintel, superliminare), and (He) mercy gan graunte

either post.- Wic. Er. xii. 22; also xxii. 7. This was hir teme and hir text.

To hem that hengen hym on heigh,
Fiers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6795.
And his herte thirled. - Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 806.

Of his nose therlis (L. V. nosethirlis, naribus) goth forth

He shal thril his eer with an alle (L. V. perse, perfora. Ac theologie hath tened me smoke, as of a tend pot, and boilende.- Hic. Job xli. 11. bit), and he shal be to hymn a seruaunt in to the world.

Wic. Er. xxi. 6. Ten score tymes :

THIRST. The moore I muse therinne

He coude his comming not forbere,
The mystier it seemeth.

And voide he shal make the soule of the hungrere, and Though ye him thrilled with a spere.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5971. drinc to the thristere (L. V. thirsti man, sitienti) he shal

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7638. don a wei.- Wic. Is. xxxii. 6.


A thousand of men tho fieth a worshipper or servant as well as a physician.

THIS. Wiclif writes Thisis fader.

Thrungen togideres.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3524. And the Therapeutic Essenes were so called because His.

Comaundour, campanyes thringen and turmentyng thee they (a sect of Jews) professed to cure the souls of The aungel seide to Raguel, Tobie, of the whiche thou (L. V. thristen, comprimunt), and thou seist, Who touchide

me!- Wic. Luke viii. 45. men; or because they had learnt from the law of askest, is thisis fuder... (L. V. fadir of this man, pater Nature, and the sacred laws of the Holy Scriptures, istius.) - Wic. Tobit vii. 5.

A man throng'd up with cold.

Shakespeare. Pericles, act ii. sc. I. to worship and serve the Supreme. See Prideaux, THOLE.

In 1 Tim. iii. 3, Tholmound,

THROAT. pt. ii. b. 5.

THOLMOUND. is a var. r. for temperate, mo

The whiche (Hien) seith, Takith hem on lyne. Whom THERE. destus; and in Philip. iv. 5, Tholmoundenesse, for

when thei hadden taken alyue, thei throtyden (L. V. stranThou shalt cleep the name of hym Yshmael, therthur; temperaunce, modestia.

gliden, jugulaverunt) hem in the cystern. that the Lord hath herd thin affliccioun.

Wic. 4 Kings x. 14.
Wic. Gen. xvi. 11; also xix. 11.


And alle the trees seiden to the thorn (L. V. ramne, ether There (in heaven) trenthe is in trinitee,

theue thorn, rhamno), Com, and comaand thow ypon us. And troneth hem alle (i. e. soules), Clense že out oold sourdowy, that ze ben new spryngynge

Wic. Judg. ix. 14.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 724.

And see




THROPE, i. e. Thorpe, qv.
TILL, v.

The cocke, that horologe is of thropes lite.
(He) sent the sonne to saue

The tour on the toft, quod she,
Chaucer. Assemble of Foules, v. 350. À cursede mannes tithe,

Truthe is therinne.- Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 480.
As brighte as to the beste man.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13828. TOIL. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Tutter, supra.

In that dai the tilthis that ben laft (L. V. cornes, seTHROW, v.

getes) fro the face of the sonus of Irael (shul be forsakun). TOKEN. For the Lord hath throwen afar' (L. V. cast awei, pro

Wic. Is. xvi. 10. Thou hast zine to the dredende thee tohnung (L. V. a jecit) and forsaken the ieneracioun of his wodnesse.

And the werk of riztfulnesse schal be pees, and the tilth signefiyng, significationem), that thei flee fro the face of the

Wic. Jer, vii. 29. of ristfulnesse schal be stilnesse and sikirnese. (E. V. he-bowe.-tic. Ps. lix. 6.

riyng, cultus justitiæ.)-Id. 1b. xxxii. 17.
Therfor thei tuldiden (E. V. strauzten, tetenderunt) Ab-

TOLL, v. Tolled out, qy. toiled or worked out; And tha thre boc thrumde to ane.

solon a tabernacle in the soler.- ld. 2 Kings xvi. 23. or told or counted out.
Lagamon's Brut. v. i. p. 3, by Madden.
Forsothe he was a man (Osie) giuen to erth tillyinge.

Til ten yerdes or twelue

(L. V. erthetulthe, agriculture.)-Id. 2 Par. xxvi. 10. Hadde tolled out thrittene. He thurgh the thickest of the throng gan threste.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2900.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v, 2614.

TOLL, s. A process by which a suit was With that, his arme all sodainly he thriste

Taketh (3e) sa!m, and zyneth timbre (L. V. tympan, brought out of the hundred court” into the county Under hire necke; and at the last hire kiste.

tympanum) a merie sautre with an harpe. Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 1574.

Wic. P3. Ixxx. 3. court (raised from a lower to a higher).-Skinner.

N. Bucon, Hist. Disc, c. xlviii. p. 133. THRUST, i. e. Thirst.

TIME. Time-server, one who acts conformably, (Such) is the thrust of false getting,

expediently to times and seasons: who observes TOMBOY. Tombesteres, dancing women. That laste ever in coviting.

and uses times and seasons to suit purposes good or TOMBESTERE.) Tyrwhitt.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5716. ill. It is now generally applied to those who ob- And right anon in comen tombesteres,
My soule for anguishe is now ful thrusty.
serve and use it to suit their own selfish purposes.

Fetis and smale.
Id. Lam. of Magd. v. 570.
See Trench, On the Study of Words, lec. 2.

Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12411.
Lo! an erthe tilyer abideth precious fruyt of the erthe,

TON and TOTHER (now common in Notts and And as the hand halt harde,

paciently suffringe til he receyue tymeful (temporaneum) other parts), i. e. the one and the other. And alle thyng faste,

and lateful (fruyt).- Wic. James v. 7. Thorugh foure fyngres and a thombe

And ther weren to hymn (Job) sene sones and thre doztris; There be four kinds of time-serving: first, out of ChrisForth with the pawme.

and he clepide the name of the ton (unius) Diem. tian discretion, which is commendable; second, out of

Wic. Job xlii. 13. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11686.

humane infirmity, which is more pardonable; third and THUNDER.

zif any shal smyte thee in the rizt cheeke, zeue to hym fourth, out of ignorance or affectation, both which are

and the tother (et alteram).-Id. Mat. v. 39. Ne the way of thonder leite (light) (via fulminis ardentes)

damnable: of them in order.-Maxim, l. He is a good that is wont to smiten high toures, ne shall nat moue that time-server, that complys his manners to the several ages

TO-NAME, i. e. Surname, qv. man.-Chaucer.-Boecius, b. i. m. 4.

of this life; pleasant in youth, without wantonness; grave

in old age, without frowardness. 2. He is a good timeTHURIBLE.

TONGUE. server, that finds out the fittest opportunity for every

action. 3. He is a good time-serrer, that improves the Striue thou not with a tungy man. (L. V.a man, a ianSweet, incense from the waving thuribule

present for God's glory and his own salvation. *4. He is a glere, linguato.)— Wic. Ecclus. viii. 4. Rose like a mist.–Southey. Madoc, pt. i. $ 13.

good time-server, that is pliant to the times in matters of As a graueli steezing vp in the feet of an old man, so a

mere indifferency. 5. He is a good time-server, that in THYME.

tungy womman (L.V.a womman, a greet ianglere, linguata) time of persecution, neither betrays God's cause, nor his to a quyete man.-Id. 16. xxv. 27. The schip of Hiram broazte fro Ophir ful many trees of own safety-Fuller. Holy State, b. iii. c. 19. tyme (ligna thymia).— Wic. 3 Kings x. 11.


Then sayed Laban; Thys heape be wytnes, between the TICE.

He (Bridgman) made a very bad chancellor ; for his and me this day; and this totehil which the Lord seeth Thanne princes and satraps falsli tysiden or counceyliden

timidous manner of creating and judging abundance of (sayd he) be wytnesse between me and the. (surripuerunt) to the kyng - Wic. "Dan. vi. 6. points, some on one side, some on another.

Bible, 1549. Gen. xxxi. (48.) Adam eet of the tre forbedun at the tisyng of his wiyf,

North. Life of Lord Keeper North, v. i. p. 168. Forsothe Dauid took the tote hil (arcem) Syon; that is lest he schuld make her sory, as Austyn seith.

Quoted by Campbell, v. ii. p. 281. the citee of Dauid. Forsothe Dauid dwellide in the tote id. 3 Kings xi. 5, mar. note . Fortune the audacious doth juvare,

hil, and clepide it the citee of Dauid. (L. V. tour, arce.) But lets the timidous miscarry.

Wic. Is. xxi. 5, 8. Specula, 2 Kings v. 7, 9. TICK.

Butler. Hudibras, pt. i. c. 3, v. 396.

And these thingus forsothe seide the Lord to me, Go, We din'd, supp'd, and wetted five and thirty guineas TIN.

and put a tootere (speculatorem), and whatevere thing he upon tick.-Footë, The Minor, A. i.

shal see telle he.- 1d. 16. xxi. 6. Strip thou their meretricious seemliness,

The other side ben

and pale

And tinfold glittering bare to every sight,

Who toteth on hem ?
That we may loath their inward ugliness.

Chaucer. Plowmans Tale, v. 2014. She is tikel of hire tail,

P. Fletcher. The Purple Island, c. viii.
And tale-wis (wise in tales) of hire tonge.

For in your court is many a losengeour,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1619. TINE. ? See Piers Plouhman, in v. Tow,

And many a queint toteler accusour,

That tabouren in your eres many a soun

Right after hir imaginacioun.
But sore I was abashed and astonied
And he clepide the name of that place, Tending (L. V.

Id. Legend of Good Women Prol. v. 353. Of al tho folke that there were in that tide (condition).

brenning, incensio), forthi that the fier of the Lord was tende Chaucer. Court of Love, v. 210. (L, V. kyndlid, incensus fuisset) azens hem.

TOOTH, s. D. and Sw. Tand; Ger. Zan.

Wic. Num. xi. 3. Him tite (betide) as often harme therof as prowe.

Wachter and Ihre notice the Persian Dandan, Gr. Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 333. TING.

0-covt-es, Lat. Dent-es. And see Tugga in Ihre. Lo! Y schal brynge in yenils on Jerusalem and Juda, TIDIFE. A bird. See Chaucer, in v. Tercel. that who euer herith, bothe hise eeris tyngle. (E. V. tyn- TOP.

dyn, tinniant.) - Wic. 4 Kings xxi. 12. TIDY.

And thou mow not be heelid fro the sole of the foot til to I shal telle thee as tid (readily)


the top. (E. V. nol, verticem.)-Wü. Deut. xxviii. 35. What this tree highte.

See Ting.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10922.
Thanne worth Trew-tonge, a tidy man,

Wisdam forsothe is drawen of hidde thingis; ne ther

shal be maad euene to it topasie (topazius) of Ethiope. That tened me never.-Id. Ib. v. 2013; also 13839. By Thetis' tinsel-slipper'd feet,

Wic. Job xxvii. 19. And the songs of sirens sweet. -Milton. Comus, v. 887. TIFF, v.

TOPSY-TURVY. When the head or top is And in the hour of rising tyff (L. V. tifle, trices) thou TINT.


where the feet or bottom should be, q. d. tops in thee not.-Wic. Ecclus. xxxii. 15.

TINCT. S Make thee no toriyng in araying, ether tiflyng of heeris

turves. Tops or beads in the turf; heads strewed as wymmen doon.-ld. Ib. mar. note.


on the ground. Skinner. TIGHT. I pray you a ligtyl tyme stand backe.

TORET, i. e. Turret, qv.

Skelton. Garland of Lawrell, v. 505. And so alle the sones of Yrael rysynge fro her seetis

TORMENT. tisten shiltron (L. V. settiden, tetenderunt aciem) in the TOAD-EATER. Supposed by Bp. Copplestone place that is clepid Baalthamar.- Wic. Judg. xx. 33.

In what nature soever they are (malice, and envy, and to be from Sp. Todito, from todo, all and every revenge), they are as vexatious and tormentful to itself, as TILE. thing; a factotum.

they are troublesome and mischievous to others.

Tillotson, v. iii. p. 192, fo. ed. Come ze and make we tiel stonys (lateres), and bake we tho with fier; and thei hadden tiel for stonus (lateres pro


TORRENT, adj. See Milton, in v. Rapture. saris).- Wic. Gen. xi. 3.

TOE. Tac to thee in thin hond stones, and hyd hem in the

In Wiclif Bible, Dan. ii. 41, Toes (digiti) TORRID. See Singe, supra. caue that is vnder the tily wal (L. V. wal of tül stoon, are called fingris, or toon; and fingris, only. muro latericio) in the zate of the hous of Faraó.

TORT. Torcencious, in Chaucer; Using extorThis Chaunteclere stood high upon his toos. ld. Jer. xliii. 9.

Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15337. tion. Speght.

TINDER.} infrece


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TOUKER. } See Tuck.



TRASHED. Betrayed. Tyrwhitt. See TRAI-
God be thanked I am much better than I was, though The squadrons of the Carthaginians gave ground for the TOR and BETRASHED.
something of a totterer.
nonce to traine the enemie as farre as the side of the hill.

Her (Idlenesse) acquaintaunce is perillous;
Swift. Journal, April 21, 1711. Let. 21.

Holland. Lirius, p. 558.

First soft, and after-full noious:
TRAITOR. See TRASH, infra.

She hath the trashed without wene.
in v. Treat.
He that sekith the lawe schal be fillid therof; and he

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3231.
that doith tretourousli, schal be sclaundrid ther yone. TRATE. See TROT.

(L. V. aspiendli, insidiose.) Wic. Ecclus. xxxii. 19. And thei hadden tiles for stoons, and toroz cley (L. V.

TRAVAIL. Qy. Shakespeare, Othello, act i. sc.

pitch, bitumen) for syment.-Wic. Gen. xi. 3.
A man apostata .. twinelith with the ezen, he tramplith word in the Quotation from Wiclif.

Travel's history - travailous history; see the
TOUGHT, i. e. Tight, qv.

(L. V. trampith, terit) with the foot, with the fingir he
spekith.- Wic. Prov. vi. 13.

Myn aflliccioun and the traueil of myn hondis (laborem)
The king glosede her, and ther and made it some del

the Lord bihelde.- Wic. Gen. xxxi. 49.
tourt (i. e. tought).-Robert of Gloucester, v. 510.
TRANCE. Transition and Transitional, are now

Forwhi, bodili exercitatioun or traueling, or abstinence
Than shul this churle, with bely styffe and tought common terms—especially in geology.

(exercitatio) to litil thing is profytable.-ld. 1 Tim. iv. 8. As any tabour, hither ben ybrought. O where is al the transitorye fame,

Sones camen til to the childberyng, and the traveler of
Chaucer. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7849. Where is your boste !

childe. (E. V. childberere, parturiens.)
But now the ramme vpon the rampiers sleepe,
Lyfe of our Ladye, c. 6, col. 1. Carton.

Id. 4 Kings xix. 3.
On mighty beames his head aduanced hath,
Are we not all predestined transuency,

As an herte desireth shadewe, and as an hirid man
With dreadful hornes of iron tought tree great,

And cold dishonour-Coleridge. Remorse, A. iii. sc. 2. abideth the ende of his werk; so and I hadde voide The wals and bulwarks trembled at the threat.

monethis, and trave us (laboriosas) nygtis I noumbride Fuirefuz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xi. st. 37. TRANSCEND.

out to me.-I. Job vii. 3.

All relative and adventive (adrentitias) conditions and Therfore sey to the sones of Yrael, Y, The Lord, that shal
characters of essences, we have named transcendents (tran- lede you out of the traveilous prisoun (ergastulo) of Egip-
scendentes), as multitude, paucity, identity, diversity, pos- ciens.-Id. Er, vi. 6.
sible, impossible, and such like.

The crockere, the nesshe erthe threstende (premens)

Wats. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iii. c. 4.
Fr. Touret.
A ring.

trauailously (laboriose) muketh to oure uses eche vessel.
The most universal conceptions of things are usually

Id. Wis. xv. 7. (Hounds) folwed him; with mosel fast ybound; stiled transcendental, metaphysicall.

Plato to thilk brynk of Itali, the which sum tyme was

Wilkins. Real Character, pt. ii, c. 1.
Colered with gold, and torettes filed round.

seid Grete Grece, ful traveilousli şede.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2154. TRANSCRIBE, v.

Id. Bible. Pref. Ep. p. 61. Thine astrolabye hath a ringe. This ringe runneth in Aristotle tells us, that the world is a copy or transcript TRAVEL. See TRAVAIL. manner of a turet.-Id. Astrolabie.

of those ideas, which are in the inind of the first Being, and

that those ideas, which are in the mind of man, are a TRAVERSE.
transcript of the world ; to this we may add, that words are

Truthe that trespased nerere,
Ac (thow) fir at a flynt
the transcript of those ideas, which are in the mind of man,

Ne traverscd ayeins the lawe.
Foure hundred wynter,
and that writing and printing are the transcript of words.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8002.
But thow have tow to take it with,

Addison. Spectator, No. 166.
Tonder or broches,

TRAY, v. i. e. Betray. See TRAITOR.
Al thi labour is lost.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, r. 11855. I speake plurally through my whole transcursion (voy-

I am trašid (L. V. takun, traditus sum) and I wente not
He hadde more tauce on his distaf,
age).-J. Raymond. Il Mercurio Italico, 1646 and 1647.

ont.-Wic. Ps. lxxxvii. 10.
Than Gerveis knew.

Lo! Demophon
The Milleres Tale, v. 3772.
One noble stroke

How he forswore him falsely;

May deify the canvas till it shine

And trayed Phyllis wickedly.
And Phebus eke a faire towail him brought
With beauty so surpassing all below,

Chaucer, House of Fame, b. i. v. 390.
To drie him with (Crosus).
That they who kneel to idols so divine

This lechcraft
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14663. Break no commandment, for high heaven is there

Were well fitting, if that I were a fiend,
And on his mete borde there shal ben borde clothes and Transfused, transfigurated.

To traien a wight, that true is unto me.
touelles many paire.-Id. Test. of Loue, b. ii.

Byron. Proph. of Dante, c. iv.

Id. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 437.
TOWN. See TYNE, infra.
"Tis time my hard mouthed coursers to controul,

TREACHER. See Piers Plouhman in v. Trifler,
The firste seide, I have boust a toun (villam), and I hade Apt to run riot, and transgress the goal.

nede to go out, and to se it; I preie thee, haue me excused.

Dryden. Ovid, b. xv. The Pythagorean Philosophy.
Wic. Luke xiv. 18.

TRACES. With which a horse or other animal
TRANS-HUMAN. Beyond human.

No man shal mowe withstonde to thee, to the tyme that

thow al-to trede hem. (L. V. al-to breke, conterus.) draws. Words may not tell of that transhuman change.

Wic. Deut. vii. 24. And as the guise was in his contree,

Cary. Dante. Purgatory, b. i. v. 68.

I shal breke doun his wal, and it shal ben in to to-tredyng Ful highe upon a char of gold stood he;


(L. V. defoulyng, conculcationem); and I shal setten it With foure white bolles in the trais.


desert.-ld. Is. v. 5.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2141.

Wyn in the presse he shal not trede, that to treden was
TRADE. Junius says, The trade of life, is the

wont; the vois of the trederes I toc awey. (L.V. wringeres, TRANS-LATE.

calcantium.)-Id. 16. xvi. 10. way of life,—via vitæ, oĉog Bir—the path pursued

That translatide hillis, and these wisten not. (L. V. bar

Thou woldest han ben a trede-foul a right,
In Dan. Traad, or traad sti

, from fro o place to another, transtulit.)-Wic. Job ix. 9.
to support life.

Haddest thou as grete leve, as thou hast might, træde, gradi, caleare; and that the English trade,

I hadde ben as I were not-fro the wombe translatid.

To parfourme all thy lust.

Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 13951.
is the same.
(L. V. ether borun ouer.)-Id. Ib. x. 19.

His forward spirit

When Maty has done with the copy, &c. you must return
Would lift him where most trade of danger rang'd. it (specimen of Homer) to my translatorship.

Forsothe te han not come to the tretable fyer. (L. V.
Shakespeare. King Henry IV. Pt. 11. act i. sc. 1.
Cowper to Lady Hesketh, Feb. 11, 1786. able to be touchid; var. r. toucheable, tractabilem.)

Wic. Heb. xii. 18.
He (Cromwell) stands in the gap and trade of more pre-
ferments.-Id. king Henry Viil. act v. sc. 1.


When Calchas knew this tretise (treaty) should yholde

In consistorie.
Rich. Or Ile be buried in the kings high-way,
TRANS-PARENT. Transparent is equivalent

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 64.
Some way of common trade, where subjects feet

to translucent; but not translucent to transparent.
May hourely trample on their soveraignes head.

Here endeth the thirde traytye (treatise);
Id. King Richard II. act iii. sc. 3.
Glass is both; a mirror is only the latter.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, d. 19.

Carton. The winds, when we came to a distance from the shore, TRANSPECIATE, v. To change from one spe

They had treated (i. e. entreated) the Erle of Derby to seemed to be more steadily against us, blowing almost

be their kynge.-Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 742. trade, as we call it, from E. and E. N. E.

cies (qv.) to another.

Defoe. Robinson Crusoe. I do not credit those transformations of reasonable crea- TREE. Piers Plouhman (as below) writes the TRADITOR, i. e. Traitor, qv.

- pl. trowers:

In Wiclif and Chaucer, tree is wood. ciate a man into a horse, who tempted Christ (as a of In Wiclif treen is wooden, and the tree worker, I had such expe of one before, who, instead of his divinity) to convert but stones into bread. keeping the flock within the fold, encouraged them to

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ xxx.

lignarius opifex ; and in Chaucer, Cristes tre is the stray-that I was afraid of a traditour.

cross; the rood.
Ken's Prose Works. Let. xxxvi.

TRANSVERBERATE, v. Lat. Transverberare.

That there be corrupte rennyng bloode in al the loond of
To beat or strike through.

Egipte, as wel in treen vessel as in stony. (L. V. vessels
Tragedie is to saine, a ditee of prosperite for a tyme that

The appetencies of matter, and the most universal pas. of tree, ligneis.)— Wic. Er. vii. 19.
endeth in wretchednesse.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. ii. p. 2.

sions (passiones) in either globe are exceeding potent, and Ful wel ve know, a lord in his houshold
transverberate (transverberant) the universal nature of Ne hath not every vessell all of gold,

Som ben of tree.
TRAJET, TRAGETOUR. In Wiclif's Bible, Deut.
Wats. Bacon. Adrancement of Learning, b. iv. c. 3.

Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Prol. v. 5682. xviii. 11, Incantator is in the var. r. rendered En

What Absolon? What-Cristes swete tre! chauntere or Tregitorer.

TRAP. Trappers, written Trappures by Chaucer.

Why rise ye so rath?- Id. The Milleres Tale, v. 3765.
See in v. Tester.

A quiet, treeless nook, with two green fields.
It is plain you understand trap, as we used to say at

Wordsworth. Excursion, b. ii.
For the trailynge of his (Peacock's) tail,
school.--Couper to Bagot, Dec. 1, 1790.

Thus through all the stages thou hast push'd
Overtaken is he soone.

He (J. Johnson) understands booksellers' trap as well as Of treeship; first a seedling, hid in grass;
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7913. any man.-Id. to Lady Hesketh, Dec. 15, 1785.

Then twig; then sapling.– Cowper. Yardley Oak,

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TRINE-COMPASS, i. e. the Trinity; appa- TRUST. TREND. Is in Tooke's Index Expurgatorius. rently derived from the common emblem of that Wo! that gon doun in to Egipt to helpe, in hors hopende,

mystery, a circle circumscribing a triangle. (See in Todd.) To trendle is, to trundle.


and hauende trost (L. V. trist, fiduciam) vpon foure horsid The eternal love and pees,

carres.- Wic. ls. xxxi. 1. Y sawz a swenen, and it seemed to me as a loof of barThat of trine compas Lord and gide is.

And ther shul be fed the first goten of pore men, and lich maad undir asshen to be trendlid (L. V. waleuid,

Chaucer. The Second Nonnes Tale, v. 15513.

pore men trostly shul resten. (L. V. feithfulli, fiduciulivolri) and into the tentis of Madyan to goo doun.

ter.)-Id. lb. xiv. 30. Wic. Judges vii. 13. TRINKET.

And in this tristnynge (L. V. tristyng, confidentia) I And Y schal cumpas as a round trendil (E. V. bal,

No trinketry on front, or Deck or breast,

wolde firste come to you.-Id. 2 Cor. i. 15. And Eph. ii. spharam) in thi compasse, and Y schal caste erthes ajens thee.-ld. Is. xxix. 3.

Marring the perfect form.

12, E. V. trustnynge; L. V. tristenyng, fiducia.

Southey. Curse of Kehama, b. xiii. v. 13.


And about my hearse, Trentals, sayd he, delireren fro penance,

He loketh how his tyme is lore,
Hir frendes soules, as wel olde as yonge.

For a trutch sword, my naked knife stick ap.
And is so wo begone therfore,

Beaumont and Fletcher. Womar Hater, act i. se. 3.

That he within his thought conceineth
The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7306.

Tristesse, and so himself deceideth,
TREPEGET. A military engine. Mr. Tyr-

TRY. Trie tree,-choice, as tried, proved.

That --Gover. Conf. Am. b. iv. fo. 814. whitt refers to Trebuchetum in Du Cange, who ex- Now hath he ben my synguler reiute (refuge)

It is a ful trie tree, quod he,
To my trystesse.

Trewely to telle.-Prers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10800. plains, with Cotgrave, A large engine or machine for throwing stones and battering wails. See also

Lyfe of our Ladye, a. iii, c. 1. Caston,

TUCK. Toukere is in Wiclif used as Fuller or Roquefort.


Walkere in various readings.
Withouten stroke it might be toke
TRISTE. A post or station in hunting. Tyr-

Cloth that cometh fro the weryng
Of trepeget or mangonell.

Is noght comly to were
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 628. whitt. Speght, A mark (meta). And see Skinner.

Til it be fulled under foot,
A Frenchman for his airn
Lo! holde the at thy triste close, and I

Y-touked and y-teynted.
He chose, who kneeling by the trebuchet
Shal wel the dere unto thy bowe ydrive.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10533. Charged its long sling with death.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. v. 1534.

Thei stoden bisidis the water candijt of the hijere cistern,
Southey. Joan of Arc, b. xiii. v. 198.
TRIUMPH. To triumph, to conquer.

which is in the weie of the fullere, ethir toukere (fullonis). TRESS. 1 Low Lat. Tressorium; Fr. Tres

Wic. 4 Kings xviii. 17. So oft they (Satan's compeers) fell TRESSOUR. I soin.

Thy grace by bering may set the in such plight, that no Into the same illusion, not as man,

jangling may greeue the least tucke of thy hermes. And with a richè golde tresour, Whom they triumphed, once lost.

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

Milton. Par. L. b. x. v. 592.
Her hedde was tressed full queintly.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 568. TROLL.

TUCK, s. A net used in the pilchard fishery, to
And thus hath he trolled forth

draw up the fish confined in the seine. TRESSEL. In Wiclif's Bible, Er. xxvi. 20, 25,

Thise two and thritty wynter. the Lat. bases is in the texts rendered foundementis ;

Piers Plouhman's Vision, s. 12676.

TUITION. in var. r. trestlis.

Daniel was of age sufficient at his carrying away to TROMP, &c. See TRUMPET.

Babylon to have been some time before under the discipline TRETIS, adj. i. e. Traictis. Roquefort. Well


and tuterage of that prophet (Jeremiah).

Prideaui. Con. pt. i. b. 4. proportioned, Tyrwhitt. And see Menage.

cate, in Dictionary. Hire (the Prioresse's) nose was tretis.

TULL, v. Tyrwhitt, To allure; Qy. toil, or, take Chaucer. Canterbury Tales, Prol. v. 152. TROT.

in a toil. As white as lilie or rose in rise, Fals sat on & sisour

Gar us have mete and drinke, and make us chere; Her face was gentil and tretise.

That softeli trotted.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1213.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1016.

And we sal paien, trewely, at the full;
This Sompnour clappeth at the widewes gate:

With empty hand men may na haukes tull.
Come out, he sayd, thou olde very trate,

Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v, 4132.
I trow thou hast som frere or preest with thee.


Chaucer. The Freres Tale, v. 7164.

Thei seyden to hym, This is sche, that Jezabel. And he TROUBLE.

seyde to hem, Tumblith hyre down (L. V. caste ze, præciTRIBULATION. The Vulg. Lat. Tribulatio is from the Gr. Slevis, from 9Mbeiv, to rub; to aftlict, turbatio) was maad in that dai, of the weie of the Lord. And a greet troubling (E. V. sturhling ; var. r. turbling, pitate), and thei tumbliden hyre.— Wic. 4 Kings ix. 33.

With a leperesse or tumblere (L. V. runceresse, saltto distress. TRIBULATION, or AFFLICTION. So ap

Wic. Deeds xix. 23. trice) be thou not besy, ne here hir. Lest par auenture plied by ecclesiastical writers from the classic Lat. They shul crien to the Lord fro the face of the trublere thou pershe in the delyuere doyng of hir,

ld. Ecclus. ix. 4. Tribulare, to draw a tribule or tribulum (an imple tribulantis), and he shal send to them a saneour, and a forfiz tere, that delyuere them.-Id. Is. xix. 20.

TUNE. ment or instrument, quo (frumentum) teritur,Varro,)

At Gessury fro the trubli flood (L. V. troblid, turindo) He taught hir over the corn in the ear, and by attrition separating that weetith Egipt, ynto the teermys of Accharon azens Many a teune, and many a note, the grain from the husk or chaff. Tribulare proprie the North.-ld. Joshua xiii. 3.

Upon musike, upon measure. est hominem calamitatibus terere haud secus ac

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1785. TROW. See the Quotation from Ford, in Dic- TUP. spicæ tribula toruntur. Voss. See Trench. On the

tionary. Truage-pledge of truth, or truce granted The mountain rams topt your bot mothers. Study of Words, Lect. i. (on payment of tax). Also, the tax.

Beaumont and Fletcher. Bonduca, act iii. sc. 5. TRICE, o. i. e. Thrust.

Thow shalt drede nyzt and day, and thow shalt not troue to thi lyf. (L. V. bileue, credetis.)

TURBID. By God! out of his seat I will him trice.

Wic. Deut. xxviii. 66.

In the secund turbe was Maister Coradyn.
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14443.
As we do by Jues who dwelleth hy trunge under os.

Robert of Brunne, v. 188.
Berners' Froissart, v. ii. p. 139.

And alle the tourbe of deuellis fleying in the ayer fledde See TRICHOTOMY. A cutting into three.

backwarde.— The Golden Legend, fo. 24, col. 4. DicнoтoMY.

TROWEL. . His (Aristotle's) trichotomy into hypotheses, definitions,

And the Lord saide to me, What seest thou, Amos ? And TURMENT. See TORMENT. and axioms, as to what belongs to the members of the Y saide, A truel (trulla) of masoun.- Wic. Amos vii. 8. divisions in general, and with respect to every science,

TURN, s. seems to be most perfect; but as to the explication, other- TRUAND. Truandise is written Trowaudise by For coveitise wise. --Barrow. Math. Lec. viii. p. 119. Chaucer in Rom. of the Rose, v. 3954.

Men of holy kirke

Shul torne as templers dide.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10637.
Nor Jono less then endared, when erst the bold
Sens, wel ye wote, that it is nowe & treuce,

And with cedre al the hows within was clothid, harynge Son of Amphytrion with tridental shaft

Ye shal ful wel al mine estate y here;

al his turnours (L, V. smethenessis, tornaturas) and his Her bosom pierced.-Cowper. Iliad, b. 5, v. 468.

And ere that truce is done, I shal ben here.

ioneturis forgid.– Wic. 3 Kings vi. 18; and v. 29, turnTRIFLE.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ir. v. 1312.

ynge, tornus.

The Lord mengd in his myddel (Egipt's) the spirit of A! Peres, quath I tho,


turngidy. (L. V. errour, vertiginis.)-12. Is. xix. 14. I pray the thou me telle More of thise tryflers.

His truchmen now, and now hemselfe doth say
What spoyle his folke shall gaine, &c.

How trechurly they libbeth.
Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 945.

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xx. st. 24. The word of God is more able to perse than any turerne Forsothe priue desceyayng of trifling (fascinatio nugaci- TRUE. See TROW.

eggid sword (anceps).- Wic. Heb. iv. 12. tatis) derkneth good thingus.- Wic. "Wis. iv. 12.

A male tweifold on his croper lay,

It semed that he caried letel array.

Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Prol. v. 16033. The innocent word, trimmer, signifies no more than this:

Take a trunk, and let one whistle at one end, and hold That if men are together in a boat, and one part of the your ear at the other, and you shall find the sound strike

The pretty shame so sharp as you can scarce endure it.

Of babe, that tempts and shuns the menaced kiss, company should weigh it down on one side, another would

Bacon. Natural History, $ 138.

From its tuy-clustered hiding place of snow. make it'lean down as much to the contrary; it happens

TRUSS. there is a third opinion of those, who conceive it would do

Coleridge. The Pang more sharp, H.

She had there been left as well if the boat went even without endangering the Under his hed no pilowe was,

A guard upon the wain, which I beheld passengers.- Halifax (Marquess). Character of a Trim- But in the stede a trusse of gras.

Bound to the tuyform beast (the gryphon). mer. Preface.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4004.

Cary. Dante. Purgatory, b. Xxxii. v. 95.

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