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BEL when I see occasion of service, but cannot fly, because I Yet can a miller make a clerkes berde,
Oh sacred hunger of the greedy eye : .. am tied to another's fist.
For all his art.-Id. Reves Tale, v. 4094.
How thou befanciest the men most wise.
G. Fletcher. Christian's Triumph over Death.
Id. Wif of Bathes Prologue, v. 5943. BEFILLE, i. e. Be-felle. Ch. See Be-fall. A battle soile for graine, for pasture good.
(Wisdom knowith) the bifallyngis of tymes and of Fairefat. Godfrey of Bulloigne, i. 43. BEAST. See BESTIAL.
worldies. (E.V. Chauncis, eventus.)— Wic. 'Wisd. viii. 8. BATTER, v. Forsothe the Lord had mynde of Noe, and of alle lyuynge
Er that daies eighte
Were passed in the month of Juil, befill,
Gen. viii. 1. (In Num. xxxii. 26, he renders pe- That January hath caught so great a will
Through egging of his wif. BATTLE, i. e. Battalion, Ch. and Brende,
Chaucer. Milleres Tale, v. 10007.
BE- or BI-FORE. See FORE. Corresponds in
Com. with the Lat. Præ. (See Glos. to Wiclif's Bible,) The cavalry, by way of distinction, was called the Battle, and on it alone depended the fate of every action. The in
That out my teeth he bette.-Piers Plouhman, v. 14307. as Bifor-brek, prærumpere, Zech. xiv. 4; —come, fantry was almost of no account.
Sotheli if thei seen hym that synnede, worthi of betyngis prævenire, 2 Mac. xiv. 31; -goere or renner, præRobertson. Charles V. v. i. sec. 2. (plaga), thei schulen caste him doun, and make to be betun cursor, Et. xxxiii. 2; -greithing, præparativ, Ps. befor hem.- Wic. Deut. xxv. 2.
Ixiv. 10; -passende, præcellens, Ecclus. xxiii. 33; BAW. To baud, to dirty, to defile.
And he goynge fro that place, say tweyne othir bretheren And in tawny tabard
mukynge agein, or bettynge her nettis. (L. V. amend- | -ripe, præcoquæ uvæ, Num. xiii. 21; -tasted, præAl so torn and baudy. -Piers Plouhman, v. 2865. ynge, reficientes.)-1d. Mat. iv. 21.
gustata, Ex. xxii. 31; --warne, præmonere, Wis. For sothe Jobb lyued aftir these betyngis (E.V. scourgis) | xviii. 19. Me thought by thy speche,
an hundrid and fourti zeer.-Id. Jol xlii. 15. That this whiche thou me doest for companie
Upon a grassy hillock he was laid,
Beau. Why, I wou'd engage to elude your penetration if With woody primroses befreckled.
G. Fletcher. Christian's Triumph on Earth. BAZAR. A word now in common use — from the Persian-applied to a number of shops and stalls BEAU-PEER.
BEG. See Piers Plouhman in v. BAG. under the same roof. The Bazars of Constantinople Thanne was ther a wight
And thi nedynesse as a currour schal come to thee, and are described (Encyc. Metrop.) to be “ spacious edi
With two brode eighen,
thi beggerie as an armed man. (E. V. Beggingnesse, menfices of solid masonry, divided into a number of gal
Book highte that beau-peere,
dicitas.) - Wic. Prov. xxiv. 34.
A bold man of speche.-Piers Plouhman, v. 12538. leries, on each side of which there are warehouses
BEGE. See BIE. hired by merchants and tradesmen."
BEGEM, v. See GEM.
The doe awoke, and to the lawn, the buzzar is spacious and uniform, furnished with silks,
And men were founde of nature variante,
Begemm'd with dewdrops, led her fawn. damasks, and carpets of silk. And coulde be fulse and shew beau semblaunt.
Scott. Lady of the Lake, iii. 9 2. Sir T. Herbert. Travels (1677), p. 223.
Chaucer. Court of Love.
Those lonely realms bright garden isles begem, Wherefore we praie you all, beau sire!
With lightsome clouds, and shining sens between, BE. Often written Bi; and By, prep. anciently That ye foryeve him now your ire.
And verdant valleys resonant with bliss. also written, Be and Bi.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 6056.
Shelley. Queen Mab, s. 8. To ben, is to be.
For this have I herd saie of wise and lered,
Was never man or woman yet beyete,
To Lady Hesketh, June 26, 1791.
That was unapt to suffre loves hete
Celestial or elles love of kinde.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, i. 977. Whether he that erith, schal ere al dai, for to sowe, and Later Version, å stille man;" in the Early Ver
With purple wings upflew
In golden weed the morning's lustie Queene, Piers Plouhman, v. 12834. BECK. A. S. Becc; Dan. Bæk; D. Bece. A Begilding (with the radiant beames she threw)
His helme, &c. Liztli he dispisith alle thingis, the whiche hym silf euer- brook, in Yorkshire. Somner.
Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xviii. 15. more thenkith to be to dien. (L. V. That he shal die.)
(I have) watch'd
With pitous herte, his plaint hath he begonne, is prudent.-Id. Ecclus. xix. 20.
Southey. Joan of Arc, i. 235.
Unto the Goddes.-Chaucer. Frankeleine's Tale, v. 11341. BECK, BECKON.
Thei wenten with strazt out necke, and in beckis of ezen Sone, the almesse deed of the pore man ne begile thou Forsothe thei stoden in sift of the ymage whiche Kyog (nutibus oculorum) ziden, and flappeden with hondis for (L.V. defraude, ne defraudes), and overturne thou not (ne Nabugodonosor hadde putt; and a Bedel criede miztily, To ioye.- Wic. Is. iíi. 15.
transvertas) thin ezen fro the pore.- Wic. Ecclus. iv. ì. you it is sayd.- Wic. Dan. iii. 4.
And Joseph was Prince of Egipte, and at his bikenyng Whether thou shalt begile to hym as to a brid (L. V.
(L. V. Wille, nutum ad ejus) whete cornes weren solde to scorne, illudes), or byndin hym with litil hokis! BEAK, s. The words of Suetonius at the end of the peplis.— Wic. Gen. xlii. 6.
Wic. Prov. xl. 24. the Life of Vitellius establish the antiquity of this And therwithall hir beckes gonnen mete
BE-HALF. Gallican Vocable. Junius Antonius Primus, born
Yelding honour and humble obeisaunce
If to this sore there maie ben founden salve,
To Love. at Tolosa, had in his boyhood the name of Becco, id
It shall not lacke, certain on my behalve.
Chaucer. Legend of Good Women, Prologue, v. 148. valet Gallinacei rostrum.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, iv. 945.
Land of behest—that is-Land of promise.
Berners' Froissart, i. 691.
Wic. Job xvii. 13.
Tho I tary neuer so moch, yet the grave is my house, And sure thus attired with some variety of feathers and
flowers stuck in their haires, they seeme as debonaire, BEAR. To bear the bell; to bear or carry off the
Bible, 1549. Id. ib.
quaynt, and well pleased as (I wis) a daughter of the bell given as a prize. So also to lose the bell.
BEDE. See Bean and to Bid.
house of Austria behune (be-decked) with all her jewels.
Historie of Truvaile into Virginia Britannia, by Wm. What berth (beareth) that buyrn (barn or bearn). BED-REDE. See BED-RID.
Strachey, Gent. Printed for the Hackluyt Society. Edit. Piers Plouhman, v. 11168.
by R. M. Major, from MSS. in the British Museum. Now tyme of beryng was comen, and loo, twynlingis in BE'EMOL. Low Lat. Be-mollis, i: e. b-mollis or the wombe of hir weren foundun.- Wic. Gen. xxv. 24.
BEHOLD. b soft; called, by Bacon, a half note. And thei schulen putte in barris on the schuldris of the
I biheeld unto the eest bereris.--Id. Num. iv. 6.
A true computation ought ever to be by distribution into An heigh to the sonne.-Piers Plouhman, v. 25. This false knight, that hath this treson wrought,
equal portions. Now there be intervenient in the rise of Bereth hire in hond that she hath don this thing. eight, in tones, two beemolls, or half notes.
Thennes he behalt (contemplatur) mete and fro a ferr his Bacon. Naturall Historie, $ 104.
ezen beholden. (L.V. loken, prospiciunt.) Chaucer. Man of Lawes Tale, v. 5040.
Wic. Job xxxix. 29. Let se, whiche of you shall bere the bell BEES. Their nest is called a Bike, qv. in Ja
BEIE, BEYE, i. e. buy, qv. To speke of love.-Id. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 198. mieson.
BEIGH. See BOUGHT.
Dranes doth nought
But drynketh up
BELCH. In Wic. Ps. xliv. 2, E. V. Myn herte
bowide forth. L. V. Teld out, var. r. ether bolkid BEARD. In the berde, full in the face; to make
Han brought it to hepe.- Piers Plouhman, v. 1449. his beard, as we now vulgarly say, to shave him; to
As many heds, as many wittes ben,
(eructarit). They murmured as doth a swarm of been.
I shal bolke out (eructabo) or telle oute hid thingus fro cut, pare, or peel too sharp, too close.
Chaucer. The Squieres Tale, v. 10519. makyng of the world. - Wic. Mat. xiii. 35.
BE-FANCY, o. To cause to fancy; to fill with BELEAVE. Written by Chaucer, Bleve. See
the tyme that thei weren alle beshed with blood (donec perThei lede Lordes with lesynges
Now, therfor, Lord, thou art God, and hast spoke to thi funderentur).- Wic. 3 Kings xviii. 28. And bi-lieth the truthe.-Piers Plouhman, v. 5639. seruuunt grete benefices. (E. V. benfetis, beneficia.)
BE-SHET. See BE-SHUT.
Wic. 1 Par. xvii. 26.
And a sherreves clerk,
Bisherewed ut the route.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2418
Who goth simpleli, goth trostli: who forsothe beshreurth Therfor lerne the byleve
BENIM, v. A. S. Beniman. See Quotation from his weies (L. V. makith schrewid, depravat) shal be muud Gif any worldly wight Persones Tale in v. Gent, Gentry.
opene.- Wic. Prov. x. 9. Levest me were
(Thei) bi-shetten hym in hire shoppes bileeued, credibilis) ful myche.- Wic. Ps. xcii. 5.
Bute thou ther aftur vs binyme our franchise al clene.
To shewen hire ware.- Piers Plouhman, v. 1308. Swiche harme I felt, for he ne might byleve.
R. Gloucester, p. 47.
The Scottes name is all above, and the Picars al bi nome. BE-SLIME, v.
Id. p. 42. His hosen When we be deade and elswhere
The thridde tunge stronge or weddid wymmen caste out Al beslomered in fen.-Piers Plouhman, v. 849. Beleue to the worldes ere (ear)
and shal bynyme them (prwavit) their trauailes.
Wic. Ecclus. xxviii. 19. In tyme comyng after this.- Gower. Prol.
BE-SMEAR, . A. S. Bi-smerian. To pollute, The great beleve and visytation that the people made This Narcissus had suffred paines
to defile, to stain. See SMEAR and BISMARE. thither. - Berners' Froissart, ii. 332.
For renning all daie in the plaines; The
and of his werinesse proper and genuine effect of this faith is to live as
BESMOTRE, i. e. Besmut.
That had his breth almost benomen. We believe, to conform our lives to the doctrine to the truth whereof we assent. Hence it is that true Christians, that
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1509. is, those who fashioned their lives according to the Gospel
With sponges and with water next they cleansed are called Believers; and the whole of Christianity is Y drede lest he wene me wilo to bigile hym, and brynge The thrones and tables, while Telemachus many times contained in this word Believing, which is the malysoun (L. V. cursyng, maledictionem) for benysoun (L.V.
Besom'd the floor.-Cowper. Odyssey, xxii. 526. great principle of a Christian life.
blessyng, benedictione). - Wic. Gen. xxvii, 12.
BE-STOWAGE, i. e. Stowage.
Quotations in v. Armipotent. Cotgrave (it must be To bistowe thyn almesse.- Piers Plouhman, v. 4622. And so blyue doynge down into the erthe the sackis, eche observed) explains the Fr. Pente, “ The declining
I approve not common buryings within the church, as opnyde (L. V. Hastili).- Wic. Gen. xliv. II.
not deeming that a fit bestowage for the dead. downward, Bent, slopeness, or slope; hanging of a
Bp. Hall. Sermon at Ercester, v. iii. fo. 101. BELLE. hill, ditch, roof," &c. See PENT.
BESY. See Busy.
BENT, s. Ger. Bintz, from binden, to bind; as
To wage or lay a wager; to support, Thei ferden the werse.— Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5459.join. A kind of binding grass. Bacon speaks of &c. A. S. Bad-ian, is to lay in, or to pawn or gage. Thou bel amy! thou Pardoner, he said,
it as producing dust. And benting times (for pigeons, Bad, a gage or pledge. Junius derives from A. S. Tel us som mirth of japes, right anone. Chaucer. Pard. Prol. v. 12252. Dryd.) are the times when pigeons can find no better Wed, pignus. A. S. Wedd-ian ; D. Wedden; Ger. food.
Wetten; Sw. Wæds-a; Dan. Vædde. And he reGode aventure, O belle nece! have ye Ful lightly founden.-Id. Troylus and Cressida, ii. 288. (He) quickly arms him for the field:
marks the affinity with Vas, Vad-is. See Wed.
His spear a bent both stiff and strong, BELLOW.
BET, now better (qv.) common usage. And well near of two inches long. (Cow) wolde belve after boles.-Piers Plouhman, v. 7258.
Drayton. Nymphidia. BE-TAKE. The belu (ether blower, E. V. meltende vessel, conflator) Then (among scents) the flower of the vines : it is a little
Alle thingis to hym weren bitauzt. (L. V. bitakun, trafrilide, leed is waastid in the fier, the weltere weltide in dust, like the dust of a bent, which growes upon the cluster, dita.)- Wic. Gen. xxxix. 4. veyn.- Wic. Jer. vi. 29.
in the first comming forth.
My soule betake I unto Sathanas.
Chaucer. The Mülleres Tale, v. 3748. BELONGING.
Bare benting times and moulting months may come,
BETE. See BATE.
Dryden. Hind and Panther.
My lippis shal not speke wikkidnesse, ne my tunge be
thenke lesing (meditabitur).- Wic. Job xxvii. 4. A. S. Bema. BEME, s•
And that he weneth wel to haue
If thou offrist thi zift at the auter, and ther thou bi-
thenkist that thi brothir hath som what asens thee, leue And with my bemes I woll blowe. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7607. His slepe, his mete, his drinke is him byraft,
there thi zifte ... (recordatus fueris).— Wic. Mat. v. 23.
That lene he wexe, and drie, as is a shaft. Of bras they boughten beemes and of box,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1363.
He (Mason) alludes to his beremement (the loss of his “ Sire," quod this frere, " an odious mischefe
wife) in the Invocation of the first book of the English This day betid is to min ordre and me."
Chaucer. The Sompnoures Tale, v. 7773. (Thei) wollen by-molen it many tyme. Piers Plouhman, v. 8907. BERME. See BARME.
Oft sithes names sownen not names of men, but bitokenBEMOW, o. See Mow, and BEMOCK.
BERNE. See BARN.
yngis of thingis.- Wic. 2 Par. Prol. p. 385. That dwelleth in heuenes shal scorn them, and the Lord
God the fadir bitokened hym, or markede hym (signarrit). shal bemowe them (irridebit). — Wic. Ps. ii. 4. BERRY, s. See BURROW.
Woc. John vi. 27. Our enemyes bemoweden us. (L. V. scornyde us.) The cell a chapel had on th' eastern side
Thei have betraised thee.-R. Brunne, p. 55.
Skerington. Ariosto, c. xli. BENCH. A seat or couch. Also, as we use a
For in the snare I fell anone, (Thou) sit'st sweetly piping on thine oaten reeds
He had bitreshed many one. gentleman's seat. Upon the little berry (some ycleep
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose. Lady! on that countrey, thou me adjourne,
A hillocke). -Browne. Past. b. i. c. 2.
BETRAVEL. See TRAVAIL.
And thei bitraueleden (E. V. traucylynge, vezantes) my
Dryden. Ovid, Art of Love, iii. ch. 9, p. 133. BEND. See BAND. A band, or horizontal stripe ;
wyf with unbileueful woodnesse of letcherie.
Wic. Judg. xx. 5. a fillet. Tyrw.
BE-RUE. See To RUE.
BETRAY, v. 1. 3, after fallere :-r. (A robe) purtraied in the ribaninges
The riche repente thanne
The Ger. Trieg-en, to deceive, to beguile ;-is to And with a bend of gold tassiled.
That evere he gadered so grete,
draw, sc. into a snare—from trag-en, trah-ere, to Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1079. And gaf therof so litel.
drag, or draw. But Menage derives from Lat. A bende of gold and silk full fresh and gaie,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7930.
Trad-ere; and Hen. Stephens (see in Junius) has With her in tresse ybroudered full wele, Right smothly kept, and shinyng every dele,
BESAUNT, s. or BEZAUNT. A Byzantine coin. no doubt that from Trad-ere was originally formed Id. Court of Love, v. 810. What womman hauynge ten besauntes (drachmas) and
Fr. Trad-ir, (It. Tradere,) which was afterwards There was one Flavius, a Locane, the principall head of if sche hath lost oo besaunt, whether she teendith not a changed into Trah-ir (a word — male formatum ex that bend and side of the Lucanes, which, when the other lanterne and turneth upsedoun the hows and sechith dili- verbo male intellecto,—the Lat. versions of the N. faction revolted unto Anniball, tooke the Romanes part. gentli, til that sche fynde it !- Wic. Luke xv. 8. Holland. Livius, p. 559.
T. considering Tradere as equivalent to Prodere). I am desirous you should be possessed with the true
In Wiclif—" by whom mannis-sone schal be biknowledge of what a bent will I have upon all occasions to Though thin array be bad, and evil beseye,
trayed,"—is in the Vulgate-"per quem filius homi. do you service.-K. Digby to Sir Ed. Esterling.
Do thou thy devoir at the leste wey.
nis tradetur.” And the common usage assumes the
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8841. BENEDICTION.
same origin for Betray, as that acknowledged for So saying, he arose : whom Adam thus
BE-SHED. See To SHED.
Traitor. Lat. Trad-itor. To betray-is Follow'd with benediction.- Milton. Par. L. viii. 645. Thei cuttiden hemself with sheeris and litil launcis, to To draw; to attract; sc. into a snare, to beguile,
BIRD. Bird in Bower is Bride in Chamber. Piers
Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Prol. v. 5749. Plouhman and Chaucer.
Ther the burde (Mede the Mayde) dwellede. restore, to repair, to amend, to make better, &c. &c. Beah, Corona, Armilla ; from A. S. Byg-an, to bow,
Piers Plouhman, v. 1384. D. Boeten. And Boeten het vier, Struere ignem, qu:
Thes gentils, whos loond ze shulen weeld, brydd conjurers, Boeten de netten, retia resarcire. In Chaucer, to
And he (Pharao) putte aboute his necke a goldun beeze. and dyaynours heren. (Augures. See Quot. from Wic. (L. V. wrethe, torques.)- Wic. Gen. xli, 42.
in v. Chat.)- Wic. Deut. xviii. 14. bete the fire: to bete nettes.
She answeride, The ryng and the bier of the arm. (E.V. Her chere was simple as birde in boure. The bet may thow spede.-Piers Plouhman, v. 3691. arm cyrcle, armilla.)-Id. 16. xxxviii. 18.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1014. Two fires on the auter gan she bete.
BIRE. See BORE.
BIRL. A. S. Byrla; Piacerna, Byrlian, Hau-
Take thou the coppe of wyn of this woodnesse fro myn the truth of myself, it will appear there is no betterment
hond, and thou schal birle therof to al hethene men to betwixt him and myself. Pilgrim's Progress. Christian to Goodwill. The noblest of the Grekes that ther were,
whom Y schal sende thee. (E. V. drinc.)
Wic. Jer. xxv. 15. Upon hir shuldres carrieden the bere. BETWEEN. Wic. renders the Lat. Interrupit,
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 2902. And Y took the coppe fro the hond of the Lord, and Y
birlide to alle folkis to whiche the Lord sente me. He betree brac; and Interruptio, betwe brosure. BIFORE. See BEFORE.
Id. Ib. v. 17. Ps. lxxvii. 15; Is. xxx. 13.
BIG. See BUY
The olde God of wyne called Baccus birlyng the wyne. The cercles of his eyen in his hed
Hall. Henry VIII. fo. Ixxiii. They groweden betwixen yelwe and red,
BIG. To big, to build. Bigger of Antioch, i. e. (They) Dame Elynour entrete
To byrle them of the best.--Skelton. EI. R. v. 269.
BISHOPHOOD. oze right angle in any apartment.--Swift. Laputa, c. ii. A Bigot reverses the Order of Creation, and makes God Tymothe, the apostle, enfourmeth and techith of the
in Man's image: choosing the very ugliest pattern to ordynaunce of bischophood and of the dekenhood. BE-WEEP. mould from, namely, himself,
Wic. 1 Tin. Prol. p. 453. Forsothe the uncouenable vois of enemies gounede and
Warburton (in Potonius, c. xciii. Pickering). wepfal weiling of bewepte zunge childer was herde. (L.V.
BISMARE. A. S. Bismerian. To scoff at; to biweeperis of yonge children, ploratorum.)
BILE, i. e. BOIL, qv. In Wic. is var. written,
dishonour; to disgrace (a consequential usage of Wic. Wis. xviii, 10. Biel, Byil, Beele.
to Besmear, qv.) Speght says, curiosite; Tyrwhitt, Arise up hastily,
Smyit thee the Lord with the byil of Egipt. (L. V. That be you, nat bruopen thus, yfinde,
-abusive speech; Wright-infamy, reproach, disBotche, ulcus.) - Wic. Deut. xxxviii. 27; v. 35, Biel. But ye wol have him wode out of his minde.
grace. See Quotation from Chaucer in v. Hoker. Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, iv. 916. BILIBRE. Lat. Bilibris.
Hearne says, scorne, derision. BE-WITCH.
A vois seiynge, a bilibre of wheete for oo peny, and three He drof hym to brusemare, as mē ofte deth the olde. Ther cam bilibris of barli for a peny.- Wic. Apoc. c. vi. v. 6.
Robert of Gloucester, p. 379. A compaignie of his apostles,
He (was) murie in soule,
And bold and abidynge
mian “ wrote all his sorwe," v. 9754, “ a Bill,” v. Bismares to suffre.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13543. 9811, v. 9826.
Of chidynge and of chalangynge BEWLAPPE, or BEWRAP.
Was his chief liflode,
BILL. The Tool. Dredis shulen make him aferd on ech side, and shulen
With backbitynge and bismere
Alle hilles that in a wode Bil (L. V. Sarpe, sarculo) tiwlappe his feet. (V. r. bewrappe.)– Wic. Job xviii. 11.
And bering of fals witnesse.- Id. Ib. v. 2651. shul be purgid, or kytt off.- Wic. Is. vii. 25. BE-WREY or BE-WRY. See BEWRAY. Y haue set thee as a newe wayu, threischynge, hauynge
BITCH. sawynge bilis. (E. V. piked poeles sawende, rostra serran- And thanne gan he to go BEZAUNT. See BESAUNT. tia.)- Wic. Is. xli. 15.
Lik a gle-mannes bicche
Som tyme aside
And som tyme arere.- Piers Plouhman, 3180. Bynime, Benim; Bimene, Bemean.
What ben the two eris, or rijp fruyt, of the olyues, that
The women think he (Congreve in his Double Dealer) ben bysidis the two golden bilis (rostra, v. r. brid billes) in
has exposed their bitchery too much. BIBLE. Wic. renders Bibliotheca, a Biblet, a whiche ben oyle vesselis of gold.- Wic. Zech. iv. 12.
Dryden to Walsh, Dec. 12th, 1693. Bell's edit. 1853. litel Bible.
BILLIARDS. Written by Spenser, Balliards. BITE, v. BOTE. He (Neemye) makide a litel Bible (Bibliotheca, M. V. a
A billiard, a ball, or small bowle (Fr. Bille); to For wyndeslibrary) gadride bookis of cuntrees.— Wic. 2 Mac. ii. 13.
play at billiards (Fr. Biller), Sphæristerio ludere. In blowyng tyme abite the floures Now therfor if it semeth good to the King, rikene he in the Biblet of the Kyng (E. V. librarie) which is in BabiSee Minsheu and Cotgrave.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10849. loyne, whether it be comaunded of Kyng Cyrus, that Goddis A thousand wayes he them conld entertaine,
He boot hise lippes.-Id. v. 2642. bows schulde be bildid in Jerusalem.-11. i Esd. v. 17. With all the thriftles games that may be found;
For it is boteless bate
The byte that thei eten.-Id. v. 12481.
This freeman bote of his owne tongue, and cast it in the
face of thilke wood tyraunt.-Chaucer. Boectus, b. ii. p. 6. BICKER.
Spenser. Mother Hubberd's Tale, v. 803. If thou saie naie, we two shall have a biker.
Cleop. Let us to billiards. Come, Charmian.
BITRENT. Perhaps Be-trained, Betrain'd, BeChaucer. Hypermestra, v. 2662. Char. Mine arm is sore.
traint, Trained. “ Twisted or carried round.". And from about him fierce effusion rowld
Shakespeare. Antony and Cleopatra, act ii. sc. v.
And as, about a tre, with many a twist
Bitrent, and writhen is the swete wodbinde,
Gan eche of hem in armes other winde.
Smooth as is a billiard ball.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 1231.
About hire eyen two, & purpre ring And but if Do-best bede (pray) for hem,
When the ball obeys the billiard-stick, it is not any action
Bitrent, in sothfast tokening of her pain,
That to behold it was a dedly thing.-Id. 15. iv. 870. Poison on a poole
BITRESHED. See BETRASH.
Southey. Joan of Arc, v. 120. Never my speche shal be stille, Crist helpende; also the
The silent troops around
tunge cut shal blaberen.- Wic. 1 Esdr. Prol. p. 478. Thanking him of my Revelation.
Stood thickly throng'd as o'er the fertile fields
My skin is bleckid up on me. (L. V. maad blak, deniUpon a book in cloistre alway for to pore
BIMENE, i. e. BEMOAN, qv.
- Wic. Job xxx. 30.
BLACKGUARD. Usages similar to that quoted any part of that service which the Deacons did, as they Hise woundes he wasshed,
from Ben Jonson are met with in other of our older were the engines, or holy cryers of the Church.
And bond his heed.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11508. dramatists.
twei byndyngis (E. V. bundels, ligaturus) of dried grapes. For us were bettre noght be,
Wic. 1 Kings xxx. 12.
A greet chor]
With a face so fat
As a ful bleddere.- Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 442. Ther shal not bride (L. V. dwelle, non morabitur) anentis thee the werk of thin hyrede seruaunt unto the morwen.
But so be his trespace he discever.
BLAINE. Chaucer writes Bleine. See in v.
Now han thei buclede shone
For blenyng of her heles.- Piers Plouhman, v. 596.
BOB. botche, ulcus), fro the sole of the fot unto the nol.
Wic. Job ii. 7.
I am bisy for the Jewes that ouerfloun to the Caldeis,
Piers Plouhman, v. 884. lest par auenture Y be taken into the hondus of hem, and BLAME, v.
thei bobbe to me. (L. V. scorne me, illudant.)
I shal blis to thoo that blissen thee. (L.V. blesse, blessen.)
Wic. Jer. xxxviii. 19. blame” is a remnant of old English idiom. In like
And Zelpha bare anothir, and Lys seide, That for my
Thei forsothe scorneden in ther corneris, and that dai manner
blisfulness. (L. V. blis, beatitudine.) — Wic. Gen, xxx. 13. that the Lord spac, thei werende bobbende (L. V. bobbynge, Many a dreme ful sore is for to drede.
And in her barme (lap) this litel child she leid,
illudentes) his prophetus.-Id. 3 Esd. i. 5ì. Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v, 15069. With ful sad fuce, and gan the child to blisse,
Hel. You shal not bob us out of our melody. Here may you see that visions are to dread.-Dryden. And lulled it and often gan it kisse.
Shakespeare. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 1.
Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale, v. 8428. If we be conquered, let men conquer us, BLANCH. In Chaucer, Troylus and Cressida, i.
And not these bastard Britaines, whom our fathers
BLO. In Skelton. Livid. Dyce. See BLUE. Haue in their owne land beaten, bobb'd and thump'd, 916, Blaunche fever (Fr. Fevre Blaunche), is (as in
And on record left them the heires of shame.
Id. Richard III. act v. sc. 3. Ye aren enblaunched with bele paroles,
to the clamorous bleating of sheep and noisy crying BOCHE, i. e. Boss, qv. And with clothes atoo.-Piers Plouhman, v. 9836.
The oule eke, that of deth the bode ybringeth.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ii.
Chaucer. Assemble of Foules, v. 343.
BODE. See Bid.
This knight was bode appere.
Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6612. Telusz. Saw you not the Deare come this way, he flew And bretheren as of oo blood, downe the winde, and I beleeue you have blancht him. As wel beggeres as erles.
BODE. See BIDE.
Faunus bood no longer.-Chaucer. Beryn, v. 762. BLASPHEME. Quasi βλαψιφημος, παρα το And blody bretheren we becommen there
Withoute bode, his herte she obeied. BlaTTELV TTV onunv, quia famam lædet. See in
Id. Annel. and Arc. v. 119. Of o body y-wonne.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6954. Voss. To hurt the fame (and then as in Dictionary).
And whanne the blood wreker (L. V. vengere of blood, Soth is, that while he bode in this manere
ultor sanguinis) hyrn pursue, thei shulen not take hym into He Leed thow out the blasfeme (L. V. blasfemere, blasphe
gan his woe al full manly
for to hide. his hoondis.- Wic. Josh. xx. 5.
Id. Troylus and Cressida, i. 29. mus) out of the tentis.- Wic. Lev. xxiv. 14. He suffride not the puple, that awhile gon had a litil And when I (Absalom) byd you smyte Ammon, then Ne bode I neuer thennes go
Whiles that I sawe hem dauncen so. qaykid azen, for to be suget eftsone to blasfeme natiouns.kyll hym: Feare not, for it is 1 that byd you, be bolde (Blasphemis nationibus.) - Wic. 2 Mac. xiii. 11. therfore and play the lustye bloudes.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 791.
Bible, 1549. 2 Kynges, xiii. BOISTEROUS.
Certis Roboam was buystuouse, ether fonne (E. V. rude, If God dresseth his herte to hym, he shal drawe to Thei blosmed a-brood.-Piers Plouhman. v. 2751.
rudis) and of ferdful herte.- Wic. Par. ii. 13. hym silf his spirit and blast (flatum). - Wic. Job xxxiv. 14. And thei schulen blosme fro the citee, as the hey of erthe BOKELER. See BUCKLER. BLAZON. And see Blase, s. in v. Blow.
doith. (E. V. floure, florebunt.) - Wic. Ps. lxxi. 16.
BOKELING. See BUCKLE. (Wax) on a warm glede
Spenser to Earle of Cumberland.
BOKET. See BUCKET.
I batred hem on the bak,
And boldede hire hertes.- Piers Plouhian, v. 1756. BLEAR.
BLOTE, v. Infumare, to smoke; Minshew de-
BOLE. See BULL.
bescere; whence he adds, our bloat coloured. See BOLL.
Al my body bolneth.- Piers Plouhman, v. 2709.
What bolneth (E.V. swellith, tumet) thi spirit ažens God Lya was blere ized, Rachel was of faire face, and semeli in sizt. (E. V. with blerid eyen, lippis oculis.)
that thou brynge forthe of thi mouth siche wordis ?
Wic. Job xv, 13. Wic. Gen. xxix. 17. Go to Elchiam, the grete preest, that the monee that is BOLT. I forsothe may not with blere eyen the shininge Sonne of brought into the temple of the Lord be blowen to gydre vertue in bright whele of this Margarite behold. (confletur).- Wic. 4 Kinges, xxii, 4.
But if he be blynd or broke-legged,
Or bolted with irens,
He shal, &c.-Piers Plouhman, v. 4069.
He has bin bred i'th'warres,
A stick formed to inflict severe blows (perhaps to
Since he could draw & sword, and is ill school'd
In boulted language : meale and bran together
He throwes without distinction.
Shakespeare. Coriolanus, act iii. sc. 1, fo. 17. BLEE.
alarmed with threats and execrations, endangered with A pretty slip-skin conveyance to sift Mass into no Mass, Alle blake is your blee.-Skelton.
loaded pistols, beat with bludgeons, and hacked with cut- and Popish into not popish : yet saving this pussing tine
lasses. - Fielding. On the Increase of Robbers, s. viii. sophistical boulting hutch, &c. BLEIN. See BLAIN.
Milton. Remonst. Def. P. W. 1. 84. BLUE. See BLEE and Bro. In Wic. Ex. xxi. BLESS, i, e. to blisse, qv. And see Fairefax in 25, Livorem pro livore is in the E. V. rendered
BOLTERED. Having the hair clotted or matted v. Blush. Blones for Blones; in the L. V. A wan wounde for a
together. And whanne Selfa after conceyunge childed a sone, Lya wan wounde.
The blood boltered Banquo smiles upon me. seide, Blessidly. (E. V. graciously, feliciter.)
Shakespeare, dlacbeth, act iv. sc. 1.
BOLT-SPRIT, or “Vox nautica,” says Skin-
BO'WSPRIT. Iner, “from Dut. Bolt, vectis, Chaucer. Duchesse, v. 1039. New vigour blushed through those lookes of his,
a bar, and spritt, a sail-yard." It seem'd he now resum'd his youthfull
daies. BLETHER, or BLEDDER. Notts, Linc. &c.
A transverse beam in the mast of a ship.
Sometime I'ld diuide,
And burn in many places : on the top-mast,
The yards and bolt-spritt, would I flame distinctly, BLEVE, i. e. Beleave, qv. him, thei fouen to him bord felawis thritti (sodales).
Then meete and ioyne.
Shakespeare. Tempest, act i. sc. 2.
Then on the leeward sheet the seamen bend,
And haul the bow-line to the bow-sprit end.
Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 2.
For yf I consented to you to do hereafter your will for (Ye) blende mennes wittes.- Piers Plouhman, v. 5870.
BOAST,- In the first Quotation from Piers Plouh- bon chefe or mischief that may befall me in this lyfe, I de. This light and this leme man, is to bully.
mein my conscience, that I were worthy herefore to be Shal Lucifer a-blende.-Id. v. 12350.
cursed of God.-State Trials, i. 181.
A Bretoner, a braggere a-bosted Piers. And al this thing he (Pandarus) told him orde and ende,
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 4104. BONER. In Wic. Ps. xxxvi. 11, Bonere is a var. And how that he Deiphobus gan to blende.
r. of debonere, qv. and Debonernesse of Bonernesse. So when the watchful Shepherd from the blind. Had many menne y-holpe.--Id. v. 11489.
Schal I come to zou in a fende, or in charite, and in
spirit of bonernesse or myldenesse.- Wie. 1 Cor. iv. 21. BLINK
Bifor tham euer ilkon, he spak thise wordes boste.
R. Brunne, p. 275.
BONNET, v. To bonnet, as—Fr. Bonneter, is to They will beguile you, and lead yon blinking thro' Hell. He of the Centaures laid the bost adoun.
pull off his cap unto.-Cot. And it is so used in Lord Cobham, in Southey, Book of the Church, c. iv.
Chaucer. Monkes Tale, v. 14105. Coriolanus. To poll a tree, is to lop off its poll or
BRA head. A tree unpolled is a tree with its head on. “Two bottes of Cambric to Queen Elizabeth."--Camp- BO'WLINE, Vox nautica, from the Fr. BoAnd such is our common usage; and thus in Shak. bell's Chancellors, ii. 293, n.
BO'ULINE, or line, Bouline. Rudens quidam in Othello-To stand unbonnetted, is to stand with the
And swithe he ran,
BO'LINE. Snavi. Skinner, Dan. Boline. Fr. Into the next strete unto a man, bonnet on. To cap, uncapped—To bark, unbarked,
Bouline,- perhaps, from boule, globus, from its round
And borwed of him large botelles three, &c.
And in the two the poison poured he.
form. (Minshew.) Then let vale a bonet of their proude sayle.
Chaucer. The Pardoneres Tale, v. 12805. A tack or cord in a ship, with which mariners use Shelton. Works, i. 133. (Dyce). Every poor jade-tumbles
to draw the sail, which way they list, that they may BOOBY. Skinner proposes the Sp. Bobo, or Up to his ears in clean straw, and every bottle
thereby gather the wind.
Shewy at least a dozen. Bovo, a fool, or the Ger. Bub, or Bube, D. Boeve, a
Beaumont and Fletcher. Love's Pilgrimage, 1. 2.
The ship no longer can her top-sails bear;
No hopes of milder weather now appear: boy, as if one-ever to be a Boy; and he assigas
BOTTOM. both to the Lat. Pupus. See letter B.
Bow-lines and halyards are cast off again:
Clue lines haul'd down, and sheets let fly amain. And (Josua) bad that fadris schulden teche hire children
Falconer. Shipwreck, c. 2. BOON, s.
how thei passiden bi the drie botme of Jordan. I ask the a bone.—Robert of Brunne, 196.
Wic. Bib. v. i. p. 8. Jerome's Prol. BOX. A Christmas Bor : originally, a gratuity
put into the Box, which the London apprentices BOOT, 1.
carried to receive donations at Christmas.
I have y-seyen Segges, quod he,
In the citè of Londone, pair, to burn in, the house, &c.
Beren beighes ful brighte
For thei shal have wel better love and chere
Than he that hath aboughten love ful dere,
Or had in armes many a bloodie boxe. (One) Bare-foot on an asse bak
Chaucer. Hyprip and Medca, v. 1388. Boot-les came prikye.-Piers Plouhman, v. 12093.
sprungen, jee witen that somer is niz.
Wic. Matt. xxiv. 33.
And he (Pharao) clothide
, after that into eеris of the multitude the sowne braggide,
Thanne al the paple criynge out, and criynge the trumAnd deeth and dampnacion
and put aboute his necke & goldun beeze (torquem).
Wic. Gen. xli. 42. the wallis anoon fellen down (sonitus increpuit), To hem that deyeth yvele.--Id. v. 7617.
Wic. Josh. vi. 20. Blynde and bed-reden BOUKE. See BULK.
The Romanes (were) yet in their hote bloud, and not Were bootned (relieved) a thousande.- Id. v. 4181.
cooled upon their fresh massacre, and more than that A woman is the man's bote,
BOULIMY. Gr. Boulipia, from Bø (Bovs) and lustie and brag for their new vietorie. His lyfe, his deth, his woe, his wele. depos, hunger. Excessive hunger; inordinate ap
Holland. Livius, p. 579. Gower. Conf. Am. b. vii. petite.
And blowe it so, BORDELL In Wic. Num. xxv. 8, Lupanar is
It stretches out his desires into an excessive boulimy.
Scott. Sermon (1687). Works, ii. 75 (in Todd). That through the world her fume may go. rendered Hoorhows, var, r. Bordelrie.
Full gladly, Lady myne? he said,
And out his trumpe of gold he braied
Anone; and set it to his mouthe.
Chaucer. House of Fame, b. iii. v. 588. The maister shipman made him boune, elevare; to raise, to elevate, to bear up.
And goth hym out in to the towne,
He hadden him bent (his bowe) anone right, Bire is of common occurrence in Wiclif, and ren- And profereth Thaise for to selle.
And he full sonè set an ende,
Gower. Conf. Am. I. 8, fo. 181, p. 2. dered from impetus.
And at a braide he gan it bende.
Id. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1336. Thou wendest thee not to seen dercnessis, and thurz bire BOUNCE, o.) To utter a great lie; or boast, (L. V. fersnesse, impetu) of rennyng watris not to ben op
BOUNCER, S brag, or threat.
BRAIL, u. Used metaphorically by Sandys. pressid. - Wic. Job xxii. 11.
Hebe-who states the prime There I think they went a little too far: for if it had Wrathe hath not mercy, ne brekende out wodnesse ; and the bure of the stirid spirit bern who shal moun. (L. neither.---Foote. ' The Lyar, act ii. come to an oath, I don't think he would have bounc'd Of youth, and brailes the wings of time.
Urania to the Queene. V. who mai suffre the fersnesse.)— Wic. Prov. xxvii. 4.
Y. Wild. He was always distinguished (at Oxford) by
BRAIN, v. BOROUGH. the facetious appellation of the Bouncer.-Id. 16.
He that offrith an oxe, is as he that sleeth & man, he
that sleeth a scheep is as he that brayneth a dogge (excereAnd Loth forsothe abode in the borow tounes that weren BOUND.
bret).- Wic. Is. Ixvi. 3. abowte (in oppidis) Jordan.- Wic. Gen. xiii. 12.
The lord Ulysses did those bounders pass.
Fairefuz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xv. 25.
The rough brake
That virtue must go thro'.
Shakespeare. King Henry VIII. act i. sc. 2.
This man began with wondrous art to make,
Not rammes, not mighty brakes, not slings alone, bowre.
What a nice bouquet for all sorts of noses.
Wherewith the firme and solid walls to shake,
Woolcot. Odes of Importance. And if ye gynen borwynge (mutuum dederitis) to hem, of
To cast a dart, or throw a shaft or stone. whiche ye hopen to take azen, what grace is to you. BOUR. See BOWER.
Fairefaz. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xviii. 43. Wic. Luke vi. 34.
(A man should so deliver himself) as to redeem arts from BOSOM.
their rough and brakey seats, where they lay hid and overHe came where into creekes and bosomes blende
Ye ben as a bisshope, quod I,
grown with thorns, to a pure, open, and flowery light.
Ben Jonson. Discoveries. Perspicuitas. A winding hill his corners turn'd and cast.
Al bourdynge that tyme.- Piers Plouhman, v. 9677.
stondun of a dedly lesing, not of a bourdeful lesing and BOSS. See Quotation from Floure and Leafe, profitable.)— Wic. Wisd. i. 11, and note.
nage. in v. Pettrel, infra. Ch. Boc. I. 3, Pr. 4, writes
BOURDON. A staff. See BURDEN.
BRANCH. boss, a pustule, - Boche. Wic, renders the Lat. Lu
And thei maden to hem ymagis in all heeze hill, and nula, a Boce.
undir al braunchy treen. (L. V. tre ful of bowis, lignum
nemorosum.)- Wic. 4 Kings xvii. 10. BOST. See Boast.
The braunches that burgonneth of hem.
Piers Plouhman, v. 9752. BRAND. BOTCH. .
Y seis that a vyne bifore me, in the which weren thre He sent me under his seel siouns, wexed litil and litil, into buriounnyngis. (E. V.
They looking back, all th' eastern side beheld
Of Paradise, so late thir happy seat,
Wav'd over by that flaming brand.
(i. e. The brandisht sword of God that blaz'd.). Bocches myghte destruye.-Piers Plouhman, v. 8525. opened.-Id. Job xx. 28.
Milton. Par. L. xii. 643. The Lord smyte thee with the worst botche (E. V. Biel. Lo how the seson of the yere, and Averell shoures,
BRANDISH. See Bile, Boil; ulcus) in the knees and in the hyndere
Doeth the bushis burgyn out blossoms and floures. partes of the leg.- Wic. Deut. xxviii. 35.
Chaucer. Pard. and Tap. v. 691.
Up on hym the erewe girdil shal sounen, and the speere
and the sheelde shal braundishen. (L. V. florische, vibraThei enstoren the temple, and eche feble thingus thei BOURN.
bit.) - Wic. Job xxxix. 23. bocchyn. (L. V. reparele, sarciunt.)-H. 2 Par. xxxiv. 10.
(I) wente me to reste Thou shalle have my hauke to a botchment, i. e. to boot Under a brood bank
BRASS. - in addition--to 20 marks.- Skelton, i. 261. (Dyce.) By a bournes syde.-Piers Plouhman, v. 16.
Be heuene that is abone thee braasny (L. V. brasun, BOTE. See Boot.
æneum); and the lond that thou tredist yrony. BOW.
Wic. Deut. xxviii. 23.
Widewis thou laftist voide; and the braunes (L. V. schulTo whom both heuen, and erthe, and see, is sene.
Chaucer. Prol. v. 108. dris, lacertos) of moderles children thou to-brosidist.
Wic. Job xxii. 9.
Abigaile hizede, and took two hundryd looves, and fyue la mortall paradise of such sweet flesh,
bushellis of brayid corn. (L. V. flour.) BOTTLE. Charles Smith's Dustman presents Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet, fo. 66, act äi. sc. 1.
Wic. 1 Kings xxv. 18.