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BRAY (with trumpets).

BRICKLE. Fr. Briqueur. Brickle, fit for Brickes. Such (inflammation of the lungs) may happen either in Also the strong wallis of Jerico felden doun at Goddis Cot. (Qy. Brittle.)

the bronchial or pulmonary vessels, and may soon be com

municated from the one to the other. ordynaance, whan the preestis brayeden with vij. trumpis.

But th' altare, on the which this Image stood
Wic. Bible, v. 1, p. viii. Jerome's Prol.

Arbuthnot. On Diet, c.üi.
Was (O Great Pitie!) built of brickle clay,
That shortly the foundation decaid,

With showres of heaven and tempests worne away.
And the gredytne of it in manere of a nett he made
brasun.- Wic. Er. xxxviii. 4.

Spenser. Ruins of Time, v. 499.


A brooklet, whose well head

Springs up in Fallerona.-Cary. Dante, Purg. 14. 18. Not Charles Oliver, that toke, ay, hede BRIDE. See Bird in Bower.

Dreamlike and indistinct those days appear, Of trouthe and honour, but of Armorike

As the faint sounds of this low brooklet borne
Genilon Oliver, corrupt for mede,

At every bridale would he sing and hoppe.
Chaucer. The Cokes Tale, v. 4373.

Upon the breeze, reach fitfully the ear.- Southey, Son. iv.
Brought this worthy king in swiche a brike.
Chaucer. Monkes Tale, v. 14700.

Alone unchanged, a free and bridgeless tide,

They shulden nought
Euphrates roils along,

bedden swich brothels The ryche man shal giue answere of euery threde in his

Eternal Nature's work. --Southey. Thalaba, b. v. s. 10.

In so brode shetes.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1540. clothe, of euery cromme in his Bredeskep, of euery droppe of drynke of his barell and in his tonne.

Diues and Pauper. 8th Comm. cap. 17 (in Tooke).

A brydelynge caste for that is in thy male.

Curside Child Chanaan, thral of alle thrallis he shal be BREAK. Is used by Piers Plouhman to signify

Skelton. Bouge of Court, v. 390.

to his britheren (fratribus).- Wic. Gen. ix. 25.

Let's have a bridling caste before you go.
Fill's a new stoop.

And as an hounde that ete gras so gan Ich to brake.

and Fletcher. Scornful Lady, act ii, sc. 2.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, p. 100.

And with that breeth helle brak.-Id. v. 12721.
BRIG, s.

And the late brekeresse (prævaricatrix), Juda, hir sister, And if thon list say the sothe, al that meiny that (in this

The senenthe day he share the heeris of the heed, and dradde not, but zede awei, and dide fornycacioun also she. brigge) broughten thee here lokeden rather after thine Wic. Jer. iii. 8. helpes than thee to have relieued.

beerde, and browes. (L. V. brewes, supercilia.)

Wic. Lev. xiv. 9. BREAST.

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

Whether forjete shal the maiden of her enournement,
and the womman spouse of hir brest bundel. (L. V. brest

Rather let the brightsome heavens be dim.

And (it) shal be to-mynusht, as is to-brosid the galoun girdil, fascia pectoris.)- Wic. Jer. ii. 32.

Marlow. Jew of Malta, act ii.

of the crockere with ful strong to-brosyng; and ther shal

not be founde of his brosynge & shord. (L. V. brekyng, conBREATHE.


tritura.)- Wic. Is. xxx. 13. Our envied sov'reign, and his altar breathes

He accounted himself enfranchised from the court brigues and attendances.-North. Life of North, i. 183.

BRUKE, s. Ambrosial odours, and ambrosial flowers

The Lat. Bruchus, said to be a kind Our servile offerings.-Milton, Par. L. ii. 244.

That Cæcilius Simplex brigued (pecunia mercari) for of locust without wings, is rendered by Wiclif

that preferment, by the means of money, was a rumour Bruke, and also Brush; which is interpreted in a BREECH. certainly believed.-Gordon. Tacitus, Hist. b. ii. c. 60.

marginal note on Isaiah xxxiii. 4,“ the fruyt of Thei soweden to gidre leenes of a fige tree, and maden As to my own concerns, I have been briguing and flathem brechis (perizomata).- Wic. Gen. iii. 7. tering at Loo, and I believe I have brought the matter so

locustis ;” and our Common Version reads, “ the Moreouer, thus sayde the Lord ynto me; Go thy waye,

far, that nobody will stand before me in my pretensions to runnyng to and fro of locusts.” In other places, it and get the a lynen breche (M. V. girdle) and gyrde it the Secretaryship of the Embassy:-Mr. (Mat.) Prior to is clearly the animal. aboute thy loynes. – Jeremy, c. xiii. Bib. 1549. Lord Lexington. Hague, Oct. 9, 1699.

A locust eete the residue of ericke (earwig), that is a

worme of bowis, and a bruke eet the residue of locust. BREED. BRIKE, i. e. Breach.

Wic. Joel i. 4. And whan it (a corn of sedeneye, mustard) is bredd (seminat), or quykened, it stygeth up into a tree, and is maad BRIM. To Brim; to fill or be full to the brim.

BUBBLE, . more than alle wortis or herbis. - Wic. Mark iv, 32.

(Several young readers in our Churches) in their Ser. BRIMSTONE.

mons use all the modern terms of Art, Sham, Banter, Mob, BREGGE, i. e. Abregge, Abridge.

Bubble, Bully, Cutting, Shufiling, Palming.
And of the mouth of hem fijr comith forth, and smoke

Tatler, No. 230. But for the chosene whom he chees, the Lord hath breig- and brunston. (L. V. brymston.) - Wic. Apoc. ix. 17.

gide dayes or maad schort.- Wic. Mark xiii, 20.
Paralipomenon, the book of the old instrument, recapita-

(He is) one of those hopeful heirs who swarm and swaglatour, word bregger.- Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 72.

But he shal dwelle in drozte in desert, in the lond of bryn, ger about town under the denomination of Bucks. The Lord God of Oostis schal make an endynge and a and unabitable. (L. V. saltnesse, salsuginis.)

Smollett. Peregrine Pickle, c. 83. breggyng (E. V. abreggyng, abbreviationem) in the myddis

Wic. Jer. xvii. 6. Come, Master Margin, give the old Buck satisfaction. of al erthe.- Wic. Is. x. 23. BRING.

Foote. The Bankrupt, act iii. BREME. Ac thorng hir science soothly

Lap. Yes, yes, they look of that cat, not of the right

stuff, as the French say, to make Bucks desprits on.

Was nevere no soule y-saved, Thou studiest

Id. Trip to Calais, act i.
Ne broght by hir bokes
How evere beest outher bird
Huth so breme wittes.- Piers Plouhman, v. 7878.
To blisse ne to joye.-Piers Ploehman, v. 7691.

BUCK, v.
And lo thei broughten to him a man syke in a palsie.

Do-bet shall heten and bouken it
That, through long languour and heart-burning brame,

Wic. Matt. ix. As bright as any scarlet.- Piers Plouhman, v. 6939. She shortly like a pyned ghost became, Which long bath waited by the Stygian strond. BRISE. See BRUISE.

BUCKLE, v. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Blain, Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 2. $ 52.

BRITAGE. In Wiclif, Wisd. viii. 9, Propugna- supra. BREN.

cula is rendered, E. V. pinnacles, L. V. touris. Var. The plea did not rely only in that they were windfalls, Brynge in bettre wode, Or blowe it til it brende (burned). r. Britages.

but couples it with this-that they were first sear and then

overthrown by wind; and that makes an end of it, for sear Piers Plouhman, , 12021. BRITTLE.

trees belong to the lessee, standing or felled, and you have Y lonede brennyngli alien goddis, and Y schal go aftir

a special replication in the Book of 44 Ed. III. 'that the hem (adamavi).- Wic. Jer. ii. 25.

On brottle ground they bilde; and brotelnesse

wind did but rend them, and buckle them, and that they They founden whan they wenen sikernesse.

bore fruit two years after. BRERE. See BRIAR.

Chaucer. The Merchantes Tale, v. 9155.

Bacon. Works, ii. 455. Of Waste. BROCK. BREST. See BURST.

When a state beginneth to decline (great territory) doth

make it stoop and buckle so much the faster. And go hunte hardiliche BREVE.

Id. 16. p. 250. True Greatness of Britain. To hares and to foxes, He said of Jenny K- the maid of honour, that since To bores and to brokkes

BUFF, s. she could not get å husband, the Queen should give her a

That breken down myne hegges.

The herte of fooles shal understonde konnyng, and the brevet, to act as a married woman. They give brevets to

Piers Plouhman, v. 3854. tonge of bufferes. (L. V. stuttynge men, balborum.) Majors and Captains to act as Colonels in the army. They wenten abonte in brok skynnes.— Wic. Heb. ... 37.

Wüc. Is. xxxii. 4. Swift to Mrs. Dingley, March 14, 1712-13.

Oon of the mynystris stondingenyje, gaf a boffat (alapam) BREW, v.


to Jhesu.- Wic. John xviii. 22. We were weary of the heavenly manna, and had a plea- And thou shalt make the girdil with werke of a broderere. sure to return unto Egypt, where we might sit among (L. V. of broiderye, plumarii, aliter polymiti.)

BUG. greasy fleshpots eating beef and brewis knuckle-deep.

Wic. Ex. xxviii. 39. As a bugge, either a man of raggis (E. V. dreed, formido:
Becon. A Comfortable Epistle, ch. iii.

M. V. a scarecrow) in a place where gourdis wexen (E. V. BRIBE.

cucumeris), kepith no thing, so ben the treen goddis. (I) gart bakbityng be a brocour

Wic. Bar. vi. 69. And if thei (kynges) wage men to werre, To blame mennes ware.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2731.

So that thou shalt not nede to be afrayed for any bugges Thei write hern in noumbre:

They say, A crafty knave needs no broker. Alle othere in battaille

by night.- Bible, 1549. Ps. xci. Ben y-holde brybours,

Shakespeare. King Henry VI. Pt. II. act i. sc. 2. Pylours and Pyke-harneys.-Piers Plouhman, v. 14447.

BUILD, BUILDINGS (i. e. Buildens, H. T.). BRONCHIAL. Gr. Bpoyxoc, the throat. Fr. From thence to heaven's bribeless hall, Where no corrupted voices brawl.

Bronchique (muscle), one of the five muscles that BULL. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Bellou, supra. Raleigh. The Pilgrimage. open the larynx.

Whan that Phæbus doth his bright bemis spred

[blocks in formation]

BUT Right in the white Bole.

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, ii. 54. George. And hang the bulled (i. e. bolled) nose-gaies 'bove their heads.-Ben Jonson. Sad Shepherd, act i. sc. I.

BULLOCK. Sneak. Gad, I'll make her know I am a man of authority; she sha'nt think to bullock and domineer over me.

Foote. Mayor of Garratt, act ii. BUM. Probably a corruption of Bottom.

There was a Scrivener of Wapping brought to hearing for relief against a bummery bond.

North. Life of Guildford, ii. 118. (The fish) is just come, and should have been here last night. I shall bumble my landlady at Newport.-Cowper, xv. 43. To Hill, April 11, 1776. Also v. iv. 165.

BU’MBOAT. Dut. Boom-schip, navigiolum ex uno ligno ;-boom-kaen, scapha ex uno ligno. (Kilian.)

A small ship or boat of one beam, or log; a lumpish heavy kind of boat. See Buss, in Dictionary.


When the English were good Catholics they usually drank the Pope's health after dinner; au bon père; whence your bumper.

Dr. Crocchi, at Florence. Spence. Anecdotes, p. 104. BUMS, i. e. Bumbailiffs.

I would rather pay £100 for another man's negligence than be threatened with attorneys and bums.

Couper, vi. 315.
And right forthwith of hertely repentaunce
They bonchen (i. e. punch) her brestys with fystys won-

der sore.-Lyfe of our Ladye, e. 6, c. 2.
My derlyng is a bundel of myrrhe to me. (E.V. bundelet,
fasciculus.) - Wic. Song of Solomon, i. 12.

Bathbed in their wylde burblyng and boyling blode.

See Skelton, i. 209, Dyce's Notes.
I found him cruel in his rage,
And in his honde a grete bourdoun.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3406. BURG. Holland renders the Lat. Civitas, Citizenship. Bourgeoisie of the city.

Thei bought none burgages
Be ye ful certeyne.-Piers Plouhman, v. 1528.

And thou shalt ete in thi burgtouns (oppidis) as it plesith to thee.- Wic. Deut. xii. 21.

A burion out of a stocke growing.

Lyfe of our Ladye, g. 7, c. 1.
He bette hem so bothe
He brast ner hire guttes.- Piers Plouhman, v. 4153.
With the fall he brosten hath his arm.

Chaucer. Milleres Tale, v. 3827.
My guerdon n'is but bresting of min herte.

Id. Frank. Tale, v. 11285.
He fond this holy old Urban anon
Among the Seintes buriels louting.

Chaucer. The Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15654.
And thei settiden buyschementis (E. V. aspies, insidias)
afens him in the hiznesse of hillis.

Wic. Judg. ix. 25; also v. 35.
No man liftneth a lanterne and puttith in hidlis, other
sodir a boyschel but on a candelsticke, that thei that gon
in, se lift.-Wic. Luke xi. 33.

No man lyghteth a candell and putteth in a pryuy place, neyther under a bushell; but on a candlesticke, that they that come in, maye se the lyght.-Id. 16. Bib. 1549.

Sestow (seest thou) this peple
How bisie thei ben.-Piers Plouhman, v. 470.

But they sayde, Not on the feast daye, least any busyness aryse among the people.-Bib. 1549. Mark xiv.

BUT or Böt is used both as a conjunction to connect sentences and as a preposition to connect words. See the Quotations in the Dictionary.

Al thei blessyng of God
Beouten thei walken.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1298.

BUT, i. e. ABUT.

It was like another man's ground buttailing upon his
house, which might mend his prospect, but not fill his barn.

Bacon, in Rawley.

He (God) sette hym on an hire erthe, that be miste ete (Ralph) For mystic learning, wondrous able,
the fruytis of feeldes; ... that he mizt sowke butre of the In Magic, talisman, and Cabal,
droue (L. V. botere, butyrum de armento) and mylk of Whose primitive tradition reaches
scheep.- Wic. Deut. xxxii. 14.

As far as Adam's first green breeches.
And so befell, that as he (the cock) cast his eye

Hudibras. Pt. i. c. 1.
Among the wortès on a botterflie,

(We) Set up committees of Cabals,
He was ware of this fox that lay ful low.

To pack designs without the walls.-Id. Pt. iii. c. 2.
Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15230.
And so befel that as he cast his eye,

CABALLINE. Lat. Caballus. Piers Plouhman
Among the colworts on a butterfly,

uses the sub. Caple or Capul, qv.
He saw false Reynard where he lay full low.
Dryden. The Cock and the Fox.

CADE, s. Whence, perhaps, Caddy, a box in

which tea, &c. is kept. Therfor Anoon made ballid and schauyde the children When you went you took with you the key of the caddy. of Dauid, and kittide the cootis of hem fro the buttokis of

Cow per, vii. 182. To Lady Hesketh, Jan. 19, 1793. hem til to the feet (a natibus). - Wic. i Pur. xix. 4.

CADET. “Sp. Cadéte. One who enlists himBUTTON.

self a soldier, without receiving any pay, in expecA cote hath he

tation of a commission.”Delpino.
queyntly ybotned.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 590.

Pupils in military schools and colleges, preparing
The more desire had I to go
Unto the roser, where that grewe

to take commissions in the Queen's service, or in that The freshe bothum (bud) so bright of hewe.

of the East India Company, are distinguished by the Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1790. name of gentlemen Cadets. Also in naval schools. BUTTRESS.

- In Scotch, Caddie is an errand man or boy, and He mat the boteraces (E.V. solets, ethecas) on euer either in English, Cad is current as a servant attending side of an hundride cubitis.- Wic. Ez. xli. 15.

certain public convevances.

Mercy hihte that mayde, a mylde thyng with alle, I know there is nothing less permanent and more ca-
And a ful benygne burd; and buzom of speehe.

dukece, than this false esteem.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, p. 345.

Evelyn. Of the Perf. of Painting.
To give mercy for mysdedes. yf men wolde it aske

Buzomly and benygneliche. and bydden it of grace. Wew! Wew!.

ld. 16.

· upon the hous of Juda, for it is led 232. p.

into caitifdom. (L. V. caitifte, in captivitatem.) Fresh gales arise, with equal strokes they fly,

Wic. Ez. xxv. 3. And brush the buzom seas, and o'er the billows fly.

Weenest thou hou myche euil it is to synnen, that he Dryden. Æneid, v. 1017.

take to Sathan, cantiuende the soules of hem that ben forBUY.

saken of God.-Id. Jer. Prol. p. 343. Sellynge and buggynge.-Piers Plouhman, v. 13426.

Two woful wretches ben we, two caitives,

That ben accombred of our owen lives.
That blisful barn
That bought us on the rode.- Id. v. 805.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1719.
Is there any coper here within ? sayd he,

Elles go beie us som.

He offre a peny of siluer, and a cake of breed. (E. V.
Chaucer. Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16762. kaak, tortam panis.)- Wic. 1 Kings ii. 36.

CALAMITY. Freund supposes Columitas, from
I rede ech a blynd bosarde.Piers Plouhman, v. 6156.
This have I herde oft in saying-

Columis, opposed to incolumitus, from incolumis, and
That Man ne maie for no daunting

therefore the state of fruit, stunted, injured. Key: Make a sperhauk of a bosarde.

-Philol. Soc. iii. 220, gives as the root, Cad- (ere,
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 4033. to fall, or cause to fall, to fell).
BY. Used in composition in old writers as Be, CALCULATE, v.
e. g. Byreave. See BEREAVE, &c.

And eche yere weren certeyn dayes thre

By calking cast and computacion
BY. There is a distinction observed in the Sought. - Lyfe of our Ladye. Caxton, k. 3.
usages of By and With.

By is used before the sole or primary agent, in-

And thow shalt make into the asis of it caudrons to be
strument, or means. And with before the auxiliary | takun the asken. (L. V. auter pannes, lebetes, to resseyue
or secondary when both are expressed or implied; aischis.)- Wic. Er. xxvii. 3.
as I slew him with a sword; or he was slain by me

CALIDITY. Caliduct. See CALEFY. with a sword. He fell by the sword, not with.

CALLE. Fr. Cale. A kind of little cap.-CotBY AND BY.

grave. See CaLLET.
Euery branch and leafe grew by mesure,

Let see which is the proudest of hem alle
Plain as a bord, of an height by and by.

That wereth on a kerchef or a calle,
Chaucer. Floure and Leafe, st. ix. That dare sayn nay of that I shal you teche.
And the semes ech one

Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6600.
Was set with emerauds one and one

(Ye) maken him a flowre (a hood) above a call. By and by.-Id. 16. st. xxi.

Id. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 775.
Of the planetes by and by

Howe that thei stonde up on the skie
Fro point to point as thou might here,

A man of whos heed heeris fleten awei, is calu (calvus,
Was Alisander made to lere. - Gower. Conf. Am. b. 7. E. V. ballid) and clene.- Wic. Lev. xiii. 40.

We have hitherto trode in the rode-way of the Govern- Where ev'ry calmy morne I'le stand.
ment of the Common-weal; but private regards bave made

Brown. Brit. Past. b. ii. 8. 4. by-paths, which we must trace.

As they see the blaze
N. Bacon. Historical Treatise, c. xxxvii. p. 71. Beaming on Iztapalapan's near towers,

Or on Tezcuco's calmy lake flash'd far,
BYWORD. A saying; a proverb.

Songs of thanksgiving and the shouts of joy.
For whiche full oft a byword here I seie,

Wake the loud echo.-Southey. Joan of Arc, b. vi. 104.
That Ertheless mote grene medes sone deye.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, iv. 769.

The cow (E. V. ore, bos) of hem conseyuede, and caluede
not a deed calf, the cow caluyde, and is not priuede of her

calf (var. r. maad calf-lees). - Wic. Job xxí. 10.


Your long lothy legges

CARP, also Carpere,—viam, iter. Arripere. Crokyd as a camoke, and as a kowe calfles.

Skelton. Works, i. 117.

Whether thou hast knowen the time of the berthe of the Thou shalt go to waste and be made an ensample and a wilde capretis in stonys. (L. V. geet, ibicum.),

jestynge stocke vnto all nacyons whether ye Lord shall No longer complain of calfless legs.

Wic, Job xxxix. 1. carpe the. Thou shalt get sonnes and daughters, but shalt
Cowper. To W. Unwin, July, 1784.
Certes Asahel was a moost swift renner as oon of the

not have them; for they shalbe carped away captive. CAMOUS. CAMOUKE. caprettis (de capreis) that dwellen in wodis.

(M. V. lead thee-go into captivity.? Id. 2 Kings ii. 18

Bible, 1549. Deut. xxviii. 37, 41. Timely crookes that tree that will be a camocke, and yong it prickes that will be a thorn.

CAPITULATE. Also, to poll, count, or num

Lilly. Endimion, act iii. sc. 1.

He hath tazte with wisdom that thei maken werkis of
As crooked as a cammacke.-Id. Mother Bombie, iii. 2.
I have annexed a capitulation of those places which I carpentarye (v. 33, carpentarye werk).— Wic. Ex. xxxv. 36.

He was so diligent
CAN. To can or con thanks. See Con.

casually omitted to see.
Raymond. I Mercurio Italico, 1646 and 1647.

In carpentrye with al his ful entent.
CAN, .
Græce nosti? Canst (or, Kanst) thou

Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 7, c. 1. Greek ?-Dedis, xxi. 37.


Thei wolde do moore
CAN for Gan.
For a dozeyne chicknes,

At the last the wind gan rise

Or as many capons And blew so fast, and in such wise

Than for the loue of oure Lord.—Piers Plouhman, v. 2154. His caroyne shal come The ship, that every wight can say

In cave to be buryed.-Piers Plouhman, v. 7937. Madame.-Chaucer, Dreme, v. 1279, et al CAPREOL. See CAPER.

And foules discendiden upon the careynes (cadavera) and

Abram droue hem awey.- Wic. Gen. xv. 11.

The box receives all black; but pour'd from thence But, for the tyrant is of greter might

CARRY, v. CARRIAGE, is applied not only to The stones came candid forth, the hue of innocence.

By force of meinie, for to sle doun right,

that (vehicle) which carries, but to that which we Dryden. Ovid, Met. b. xv. And brennen hous and home, and make all plain, carry, - baggage, luggage. See Quotation from One would be tempted to liken it (the moral sense) to Lo, therefore is he cleped a Capitain. that candid appearance which, as the modern philosophy

Chaucer. Manc. Tale, v. 17179. Spenser and the Acts.

Ancres and heremytes has discovered to us, is the result of a mixture of all kinds

All captainless,

That holden hem in their celles, of primitive colours.-- Warburton. Divine Leg. b. i. s. 4. Il marshalled, ill directed, in vain rage,

And coveiten noght in contree
They waste their furious efforts.

To carien aboute.-Piers Plouhman, v. 58.

Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii. v. 587. Nether men tenden a lanterne and putten it undir a

(Joseph gaf) to hem ten hee assis, that schulden karye busshel, but on a candilstike, that it žeue lišt to alle that ben CAPTIOUS. Fr. Captieux. Captious sieve is a

of all the richessis of Egipt. (L. V. bere; subveherent.) in the hows.- Wic. Mat. v. 15.

Wic. Gen. xlv. 23. deceitful sieve. A captious person is one who takes, And he made seuene lanternes with her candelquenchers.

Comaund also, that thei taken the waynes of Egipt to catches up sharply, to gain an advantage; to elude; (L. V. smityng tongis, emunctoriis suis.)

the kariyng of her children and wyues. (L. V. cariage, ad Id. Ex. xxxvii. 23.

to delude; to deceive. And Caption, De-ception; subvectionem.)-Id. Ib. v. 19. CANEL. Channel, or hollow as a cane. Captious, Deceptious.

And strongly wading (Calepine) thro the waves unused

With speare in th'one hand, stayd himself vpright, (Her neck) was white, smothe, and pure flatte, CAPUL. See CABALLINE.

With th'other stayd bis lady vp with steddy might; Withouten hole, or canel bone.

But whenas Calepine came to the brim,
Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 943. CAPTIVE.

And saw his carriage past that peril well,

I must die CANKER. CANKEDORT, s. A woful or doubt

Looking at that same Carle with count'nance grim, Betray'd, captiv'd, and both my eyes put out,

His heart with vengeance inwardly did swell. ful case. Urry. Made of my enemies the scorn and gaze.

Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. can. 3, 9 34. Schonye thou unholi and veyne spechis, sotheli thei

Milton. Samson Agonistes, v. 33.

And after those days we took op our carriages, and went profiten moche to unpite (ad impietatem), and the word of CAR.

up to Jerusalem (αποσκευασαμενοι, having packed up our hem crepith as a kankir. (L. V. canker, ut cancer.)

baggage; cufun, impedimenta).-Acts xxi. 15.
To the sones forsothe of Caath he fane not carrys and
Wic. 2 Tim. ii. 17.
oxun. (L. V. waynes, plaustra.)

- Wic. Num. vii.

9. The lond was wastid thorou the wort worm and

CARVE. thorouz cancrynge rust.


For loo! the Lord shal comaunde, and shal smyte the Id. Pref. Ep. of St. Jerome, p. 69.

gretter hous with fullyngis, and the lesse hous with keru

Galleons, attended by 20 lesser ships called caravals. But now to you-Ye lovers that ben here

Hume. Elizabeth, 1588. yngis. (L.V. brekyngis , scissionibus.)— Wic. Amos vi. 12. Was Troilus nat in a cankedort,

God for his manace him so sore smote,
That laie, and might the whispring of hem here.

With invisible wound, ay incurable,
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, ii. 1752. His sheld was all of gold so red;

That, in his guttes, carfe it so and bote (cut and bit),
And therein was a bores hed,

Thatte his peines weren importable.
A charboncle beside.
Columbus returned to his ships accompanied by many of

Chaucer. "The Monkes Tale, v. 14519.

Chaucer. Rime of Sir Thopas, v. 13800. the islanders in their boats, which they called canoes

CARCASS. rudely formed out of the trunk of a single tree.

CASE. The Casule. Low Lat. Casula ; Fr. ChaRobertson. America, b. ii. (1492.) Forsothe thei schulen departe bitwixe hem the karkeis suble (in Wic. Cehsible), was a sacerdotal vest, worn

(E. V. careyn) of the dede oxe.- Wic. Ex. xxi. 35. CANTHARADIZE, v. A spurious production

over the other garments, so called, quia instar parvæ of Coleridge, scarcely worth preserving, from Can- CARD.

casæ totum tegit. See Du Cange. In Wiclif's Bible,

the Heb. Ephod is in the var. readings explained

Wisdom and wit now tharis, the Spanish fly, used to raise blisters.

Is noght worth a kerse (cress)

to be a Chesiple. Concealment sets the imagination aworking, and as it

But if it be carded with coveitise,
were cantharadizes our desires.
As clotheres kemben hir wolle.

Coleridge. Biog. Lit. ii. 342.

Piers Plouhman, v. 5639.

There with a light and anplumed casquetel
CANTON. In Browne, A corner. See CANTLE.
CARD. To speak by the Card.

She helm'd her head.--Southey. Joan of Arc, ir. 230. There are no grotesques in nature, not any thing framed

That we may know, as a ship-master by his card, how to fill up empty cantons and unnecessary spaces.

Browne. Religio Medici, pt. i. $ 15.

far we are wide, either on the one side or on the other, we
must note, that in a christian man, there is, first, nature;

CAST. In Wic. to forecast, to conjecture. Caster, CANTRED. Low Lat. Cantredus. A portion secondly, corruption, perverting nature; thirdly, grace,

a conjecturer. Lit. He who, or that which throws; of the country containing 100 villages, equivalent correcting and mending corruption.

Sermon on Sorrow and Fear. applied to a pepper-caster, which casts forth the (e. g. in Ireland) to the A. S. Hundred. It is of

CARDECU. Fr. Quart d'escu, one-fourth of a pepper. common occurrence in Spenser's Work on Ireland. French crown, value 18d. sterling.–Cot.

I saw sweuens, ne there is that opnith, the whiche I CANZON. See CANT.

haue herd the most wiseli to cast. (L. V. that thou ezPar. Sir, for a cardecere he will sell the fee simple of his CAP. salvation.

pownest, te conjicere.)- Wic. Gen. xli. 15.

If a stoon he throw and with the cast (ictu) sleeth, lijk Shakespeare. All's Well, act iv. sc. 3; also act v. sc. 2. He (the Catholic Clergyman) said that it was not his

maner he shal be punishid.-Id. Num. xxxv. 17.

Bew. Give her a cardecew, 'tis royal payment. business to cap principles with every man he conversed

Beaumont and Fletcher. Noble Gentleman, act i. sc. 1.

(She) prezede, that the malice of Aman Agachite, and with.– Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.

hes werste castis (machinationes) that he hadde thot out CAPABLE, CAPIOUS.


afen the Jewes, he comaunde to be maad voide.

Id. Esth, viii. 3. Whereof no wyght by kynde is capyous.,

(He) paynd himselfe with busie care to reare Lyfe of our Ladye, fo. g. 1, e. 1. Her out of carelesse (i. e. insensate) swowne.

In licnesse of deuynour, and of a false castere (L. V. con

Spenser. Faerie Queene, i. 2. 45.jectere, conjector) he eymeth that he knowith not. CAPACIOUS. Sèe CAPABLE. CARNAL, o.

Id. Prov. xxiii. 7.

And first he casts to change his proper shape, CAPEL. See CABALLINE. This was the temper of that lecher, that carnalled with

Which else might work him danger or delay. Ac thanne cared thei for caples a statua.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. Ø vii.

Milton. Pur. L. iii. 634. Tocarien hem thider.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1206. CARNEFY. See CARNALIZE,

CASTLE. CHASTELAINE (fem.) A woman of
For he saw me that am a Samaritan
Suwen Feith and his felaw

CAROL. Is a dance in Chaucer as well as in noble family.
On my capul.-Id. 16. v. 11582.
Robert of Gloucester. And to carol is to dance. In

There is no lady so hauteine,
And if he fall from of his capel eftsone,

Duchesse, countesse, ne chastèlaine,
Then shul we alle have ynough to done,
Wiclif, the Lat. Chori is rendered Carols.

That I nolde holde her ungodely
In lifting op bis hevy dronken corse (the Cokes).
Festes, instruments and carols and dances.

For to refuse him utterly.
Chaucer. Manciples, Prol. v. 17014.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1933.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3740.




The toknes and wondris it knowith, er thei ben don ;

and the chauncis (L. V. bifallyngis, eventus) of tyines and The Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Car. Say you consent, and censure well the deed;

of worldis.- Wic. Wis. viii. 8. Cambridge is in the foundation deed designated as Pro- And I'le prouide his executioner. fessor of Moral Theology or Casuistical Divinity, and has

Shakespeare. Henry VI. Pt. 11. act iii. sc. 1. The daie is go, the nightes chaunce

Hath derked all the bright sonne. usually been terined Professor of Casuistry. Whewell's Lectures, 1852. CENTO. CENTONISM. Cento (in Browne), a

Gower, viii. fo. 179, p. 1, c. 2. CAT. Wiclif renders Catulus leonis, the keetling patch.

CHANCELLOR. There is under these centoes and miserable outsides, Reson thou shalt nat ryden hennes of a lyon.

these mutilate and semibodies, a soul of the same alloy Bote be my chet chaunceler in chekyr and in parlement. To Dan forsothe he seith, Dan, keetlyng of a lyon (L. V. with our own.--Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. xiii.

Piers Plouhinan, p. 73. whelp) shal flowe largly fro Basan.- Wic. Deut. xxxiii. 22. Tassoni has ridiculed its (Bembo's poetry) centonism,

Hallam. Lit. of Europe, i. 573. CATCH.

A candle

CENTRALIZE. 2 Are words now in com- In figure eke the chaundelubre of golde.
That caught hath fir and blazeth.
CENTRALIZATION. J mon use—from the French,

Lyfe of uur Ladye, a. 6, c. 1.
Piers Plouhman, v. 11805.
To draw to, to unite in, one centre.

This booke is doluen with rude wordes and boystous, and
so drawe togider to maken the catchers thero, beene the CENTRY. See CENTINEL.

Thilke chaungeablete is only in creaturis, for God by un

chaungeable makith chaungeable thyngis. more redy to hent sentence.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol. CERE. CERATE.

Wic. 1 kings xv. Il, marg. note. CATECHUMEN. See CATECHISE.

The sealing up of the mouth of the shell by the snail, is CHANSON. See CHANT.
To baptize barnes

also well calculated for its warmth and security, but the That ben catecumelynges.-Piers Plouhman, v. 6729. ccrate is not of the same substance with the shell.

Paley. Natural Theology, c. xix.

CEREMONY. Among the Etymologies enume-

Chauntable weren thy justefyingus. (L V. delitable to

be Can it consist with the Divine Being to make an infinite

sungun, cantabiles.) tric. Ps. cxviii. 54. substance? Can there possibly be two categorematical, that rated by Vossius, is one from Cere, in Etruria, whence

This book Sauter is clepid, that is to seie, the book of is, positive, substantial infinities.

the Romans borrowed their Ceremonies, or where they Songis of Dauith, and or Asaph, the chauntour of the Bp. Taylor. Real Presence, \ xi. 14. performed certain of them. And see Val. Maximus, Temple of the Lord.— Id. Prol. to Psalms. CATENATION. CAITISNED, qy. Chained. See 1. i. c. 1, $ 10.

A yerd she had, enclosed all about in Skinner.

What is forsothe other folke of kynde so noble that hath

With stickes, and a drie diche without,

In which she had a cok highte Chaunteclere, ceremoyns (L. V. ceremonyes, ceremonias) and rightwis I endure my penaunce in this derke prisoun caitisned domys, and al the lawe, that I purpose to day before youre

In all the land in crowing n'as his pere. from frendship and acquaintaunce, and forsaken of all that

His vois was merier than the mery orgon,
ejen.- Wic. Deut. iv. 8.
any word dare speak.--Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

On Masse daies that in the chirches gon.
CERTIFICATE, v. To give or grant a certificate

Chaucer, Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14855. CATTLE.

(or a writing, certifying) of a parish settlement; How shal I come to catel so,

CHARACTER. To clothe me and to feede.- Piers Plouhman, v. 14342. and a certificated person is one to whom such cer

And thorugh caractes that Crist wroot, Forsothe if a man hath glorie in pouert, how myche tificate has been given. This verb seems to have

The Jewes knewe hemselve
more in catel? and he that hath glorie in catel, drede been introduced with the Stat. 8 and 9 of Win. III. Giltier as afore God,
pouert. (E. V. substaunce, in substantu.)
See Smith, Wealth of Nations, b. i. c. 10.

And gretter in synne,
Wic. Ecc. x. 34.

Than the wominan....

-Piers Plouhman, v. 7600. CAUL.

CESSION. See CEDE. Thou shal take al the fatnes that couereth the entreyls,

CHARGE. Add after burthen; and further-To and the call of the mawe (reticulum jecoris);


depress; to sink down; to be of weight or imWic. Ec. xxix. 13; also Deut. iii. 4.

On the seuenthe dai, he (Assuer) was gladere cherid, and portance. Chaucer.

after to myche drinking was chaufid (L. V. hoot, incaluit) CAUSE. Lat. Causa, was used as the Fr. Chose,

Charge. “Of that no charge;" no heavy consewith win. - Wic. Esth. i. 10. It. and Sp. Cosa, to denote generally-a thing. He sethede potage and is fild; and is chaufid (L. V.

quence, no matter. See Chaucer in v, Fume. He seekith for to take the causis of the Rewme (regni warmed, calefactus est), and seide, Vah, or weel, I am hat Heuy is the ston, and charious (onerosa) is the grauel, negotia). - Wic. 1 Mac. vi. 57. (hot).-Id. Isa. xliv. 16.

but the wrathe of the fool is heuyere than either. Sotheli withoutë causeful evidence mistrust in jelousye

Wic. Prov. xxvii. 3. should not be wened.- Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii.


Smoke or other thinges light
Thei shul ben as chaf (paleæ) befor the face of wind. Alway they seke upwarde on height:

Wic. Job xxi, 18. Light thinges up: and hevie, down charge.

Chaucer. House of Fame, ii. 237.
And who so cheped my chaffare,

I passe all that, which chargeth naught, to say. But knowen men her cautel Chiden I wolde. -Piers Plouhman, v. 8787.

Id. Troylus and Cressida, iii, 1576. And her queyote wordes. Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 603. Hard is delivered the chaffarere (L.V. marchaunt, nego

Thus was I oneis learned of a clerk ; Which takith cautelouse men (E. V. wise, sapientes) in tians) fro his necgligence. Wic. Ecc. xxvi. 24.

Of that no charge. I wol speke of our werk.

Id. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16217. the felnesse (astuia) of hem, and distrieth the counsel of CHAIN.

Certes ye hau sodeinly cleped to your counseil & gret schrewis.- Wic. Job v. 13.

Swiche chastite withouten charité

multitude of peple ful chargeant, and ful anoyous to bere. For such a manner craft ther is wyth them can glose, Worth cheyned in helle.-Piers Plouhman, v. 849.

Id. Tale of Melibeus. Some tournyth all to cautele. Chaucer. Beryn, v. 227.

Me list not tell

We lerne long tyme afore or we become olde men by CAUTION.

What plumage waved the altar round,

what reasons we myght suffre and endure ryght lyghtly How spurs, and chainlets, sound.

the chargyng and the greuious age of olde men. (The five men) saw that the people, after the manner of

Scott. Last Minstrel, e. vi. $ 4.

The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, b. iv. the Zidonians, dwelled careless, quiet and arutionless, having nothing in the land to molest them, and living in


CHARIOT. affluence.-Geddes. Judges xviii. 7.

Some (men there beene that painten) with coles and chalke, and yet is there good matter to the leude people of

Helise forsothe sawe, and criede, Fader myn! Fader CAVALRY. See CAVALIER. thylke chalkye purtreyture.

myn! the chaar of Yrael (currus) and the charieter (auriga) Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol.

of it.— Wic. 4 Kings ii. 12. CAVE, 0. To hollow. See EXCAVATE. In

And Elizeus sawe and cryed, O my father, O my father,

CHALLENGE. Shakespeare, to hide or dwell in a cave.

the charet of Israel, and the horsmen therof. We ben brošt in for the monei whiche we baren aten

Bible, 1549. 10. We cave here.-Cymbeline.

bifore in our sackis, that he putte chalenge into us (E.V. And it (a stone) was caued somwhat as a pyt there as he that chalengynge he turne in to us, ut deuoluat in nos calum

Among other thinges that he wan,-. sate.-Golden Legende. Lyfe of St. Fyaere, fo. ccclxxi. niam), and make suget bi violence to seruage both us and

Hire char, that was with gold wrought and pierrie, The stone was thus caued and made softe lyke pylowe. oure assis.- Wic. Gen. xliii. 18.

This grete Romain, this Aurelian,

Huth with him lad for that men shuld it see.
Id. 16. For the multitude of challengeres (calumniatorum) thei

Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14366. CEASE.

shul crie, and zelle out for the fors of the arm of tirauntis.

Id. Job xxxv. 9.

CHARITY. Vpon the morrow folowynge, to cease the rumour of the people he was brought vnto his jugement.

CHAMBER. “ The best blood chamber'd in his

The whiche is a lond more cheere to thee of alle. (L.V. Fabyan. Ann. 1307.

dereworthest, carissima.) - Wic. Wisd. xii. 7. bosom," i. e. inclosed as in a chamber. And hence, The whole obligation of that law and covenant wbich

A most cheere (dereworth) hynde; and a most kindeli bert God made with the Jews was ceased. To chamber; is, Cons. To shut up, confine, restrain.

calf (hinnulus).-Id. Prov. v. 19. Tillotson, ii. 327. On Galatians vi. 15. For Critias manaced and thretened hymn, that onelesse he

chaumbered his tongue in season, there shoald ere lög be CHARLATAN. CECUTIENCY. See CECITY.

one oxe the fewer for hym.

Nic. Vdall. Erasmus Apothegmis, b. i. p. 10 (1552). The poor foreigner answered, that he was an Italian Churr. CELESTIAL. See CELESTIFY.

laton, who had practised with some reputation in Pades, CELL. “I have a hundred tragedies in my cell," deposited. Hence applied to the whole inortar. CHAMBER of a Mortar, where the powder is quisition by exhibiting certain wouderful performances

by until he bad the misfortune to attract the notice of the In

his skill in natural knowledge, which the tribunal coni. e. in my head, in the cells of the brain. See Quo

To venture upon the charged chambers bravely.

sidered as the effect of sorcery. tation from Chaucer in the Dictionary. Shakespeare. Henry IV. pt. II. act ii. sc. 4.

Peregrine Pickle, vol. i. ch. 34.


CHR CHARNEL. at mass by both priest and deacon, the former ben ful myche wrothe.- Wic. 2 Esd. iv. 7. See also in r.

Craze and Crevice. For in charnel at chirche

round, the latter square at the bottom. Cherles ben yvel to knowe.- Piers Plouhman, v. 3885. Chesibles for chapeleyns,

My culuer (is) in holis of the ston, in the chime (fora

minibus) of a ston wal.- Wic. Song of Solomon, ii. 14.

Chirches to honoure.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3816. CHASE. The relief of an Earl, by the laws of

CHIRK. Wiclif writes Chark. William the Conqueror, included horses, chasers, and CHESOUN. See ENCHEASON.

Lo, I schal charke under 30u, as a wayn chargid with hei palfreys. So of a Baron. See N. Bucon. Hist. Thanne for he is mekid for chesoun of me. (L. V. for charkith (stridet).- Wic. Amos ii. 13. Disc. c. lii. p. 145.

the cause, causa mei.)- Wic. 3 Kings xxi. 28.

Thou perauenture weenest, that Dauid, by chesoun of CHIRURGEON. To a justes in Jerusalem

wirschipe (L. V. for ause of onour, honoris causa) unto He chaced awey faste.-Piers Plouhman, v. 11472.

The cheirurgical or manual kind of mechanicks doth thy fadir sente, that he comforten thee.

Id. i Par. xix. 3.

refer to the making of those instruments, and the exercisCHASTELAINE. See CASTLE and CHATE

ing of such particular experiments. As in the works of CHESS.

architecture, fortification, and the like. LEINE. They dancen; and they play at ches and tables.

Wilkins. Mathematical Magick, b. i. c. 2.

Chaucer. The Frankeleind's Tale, v. 11213. CHISEL.
CHASTINGE. In Wic. is a var. r. of Chasten-

Who ziveth to me that thei be granen in a boc, or with yngie. (See Piers Plouhman, infra.)

Wherof bateyles and cheestes or chidinges (lites) amonge

an iren pointel, or with a pece of led, or with a chisell Reed me noght, quod Reson, fou. Wic. James iv. 1.

(celte), that thei be grauen in flint.-- Wic. Job xix. 24. No ruthe to have, Til childrene cherissynge

CHESTNUT. In Chaucer, Chesteine; enume- CHIT. See CHIDE.
Be chastynge with yerdes.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2316.
rated both among trees and fruits.


CHEVACHIE, S. Fr. Chevauchée. A cavalry There hadde diches (fovens) the yrchoun, and nurshede These hethen men, the londe of whiche thou schalt expedition; generally, an expedition.

ont litle chittes (L. V. whelpis, catulos), and about dall, welde, heren hem that worchen by chiteryng of briddys (E.

and nurshede in his schadewe.- Wic. Is. xxxiv. 15.

And he hadde be, somtime, in chevachie
V. brydd conjurers, augures) and false dyuynouris.

In Flaundres.-Chaucer. Prologue, v. 85.
Wic. Deut. xviii. 14.


CHIUALRY. Wiclif so renders Lat. Equites, With the Chastilet of Cheste (" Strife").

I say, he toke out of his owen sleve
Piers Plouhrman, v. 1051. A teine of silver (yvel mote he cheve).

Equitatus, and in the following Quotation Exercitus.

Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16693. Abymalech forsothe aroos, and Phicol, the prince of his CHAUDRON. A calve's chaldern (or chaudron), Alas! your Honour, and your Emperice;

chyvalrye, and turneden azen into the loond of Palesteynes. commonly called the pluck. Fraize, ou freze de Nigh ded for drede, ne can hire not chevice (ransom).

Wic. Gen. xxi, 33.

Id. Com. of Mars, v. 135. CHIVEL. See CHIVER. veau. Cotgrave.

The vow made anto Mars for the good cheevance of that Add thereto a tiger's chaudron.

Hire chekes chyveled for elde.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2854. Shakespeare. Macbeth, act iv. sc. 1.

war was not performed with due complements.

Liry, p. 439. Holland.

I to broside the chaulis of the wicke man (L. V. greet

Wakyng, and colre (cholera) ether bittir moisture and
CHICHE, i. e. vetch, lens. Wic. 2 Kings xvii.

gnawing to an vndiscreet either vntemperat man. teeth, molas), and fro his teeth I tok awei the prei. 28.

Wic. Ecclus. xxxi. 23, and xxxvii. 33.
Wic. Job xxix. 17.

CHICK. See Piers Plouhman in v. Capon.

So therfor also in this time the relyfs ben maad sanf, by And whoso cheaped my chaffare


the chesyng (secundum electionem) of the grace of God. Chiden I wolde.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8787.

Wic. Rom. xi. 5. When that our pot is broke,

as I have sayde, CHECKLATON. See CICLATON. Every man chit-Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Tale, v.16389. Forsothe the teecheresse it (wisdom) of the discipline of

God and the cheseresse (electrix) of the werkis of hym. Full oft

Id. Wisd. viii. 4. CHEEK, s.

He stroked them gently, and as oft he chode.

Couper. Iliad, xvii. 625. Choice there is not, vnlesse the thing which wee take be And takyng a foundun cheek boon, that is the cheeklap of

so in our power that wee might have refused and left it. If an asse (L. V. lowere cheke boon, marilla, i. e. mandibula) CHILD. See Piers Plouhman in v. Chastinge,

fire consume stubble, it chooseth not so to doe, because the that lay, he slewz with it a thousand men.

nature thereof is such that it can doe no other. To choose Wic. Judg. xv. 15. supra.

is to will one thing before another. Forsothe Adam knewe his wijf Eue, which conceyued

Hooker. Ecc. Pol. i. $ 7. CHEER, v. From Caur, the heart. Be of good and childide (E. V. bare, peperit) Cayn, and seyd, Y have

His choiceful sense with every change doth flit. cheer, i. e. of good heart. Good cheer, that which gete a man bỉ God. - Wic. "Gen. iv. 1.

Spenser. Mucopotmos, v. 159. heartens, cherishes, &c.

Be not adrad, thou goode child maide (puella), to in

gon to my Lord.-Id. Judith xii. 12.

CHORL. See CHURL. Booz had eten and dronken, and was maad gladder cheryd (hilarior). Wic. Ruth iii. 7.

He conseyuede sin and childide (E. V.bar) wickednesse.

id. Job xv. 35.


Forsothe the childer wymmen (L. V. dameselis, puella) Forsothe to Jeptee, turnynge ajens into Maspha, his And thou shalt bere to the tribune these ten litil forms and the zeldingus wenten in, and tolden to hir.

hows, ažencam to hym hys oonli goten douzter with tymbrys

Id. Esth. iv. 4. and chorys. (L. V. croudis, choris.)- Wic. Judges xi. 34. of chese (formellas casei).- Wic. 1 Kings xvii. 18.

Childishe ben thes thingis, and like to the pley of chil-
deren pleyinge in the sercle, to teche that thou knowist not.

CHOULE, i. e. Jowl.
Id. Bib. Pref. Ep. p. 67.

His chyn

The Spring, the Sommer,

With a chol lollede.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 446.
And the childing Autumne, angry Winter change
Now fell it so that fortune list no lenger
Their wonted liueries, and the mazed world,

The highe pride of Nere to cherice.
By their increase, now knowes not which is which.

Con. We are in a fair way to be ridiculous;
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14438. Shakespeare. Midsummer Night's Dream, act ii. sc. 2. What think you! Chirus'd by a scholar!
The child is father of the man.

Shirley. Honoria and Mammon, act ii. sc. 2. CHERL. See CHURL.

Wordsworth. Works, i. 3.



pope here of was glad, and twei holy men hym sende, Thes ben bestis clepid chimeres, that han a part of ech

Fagan and Damian, hys soule for to amende, She had a child in chirie-tyme.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2793. best, and these ben not no (known) but oonly in opyayoun, That ryght bi leue hym tajte, and gef him Cristendome.

either speche, and not in dede neither in kynde. CHERRY-TREE. A. S. Cyrr-treon ; Gr. Ke

Wic. Bib. Prol. p. 31.

Robert of Gloucestre, p. 73.

For Eleuthere a god man was tho pope of Rome, paoos; Lat. Ceras-us, untis—Mod. Kéréhshin. Spel

CHIME. Chimbe, in the first line of Chaucer

Thorw wam first Christene men in to Englond com. man calls it Cerazunt (now variously written-Ke- (quoted in the Dictionary), is explained by Skin

ld. P.

72. rason, Kerasunt, Kerasoun). It is so called from ner, The uttermost part of a barrel. By Tyrwhitt, sumus) in Christ Jhesu, in his deeth he ben baptized.

For whiche ener we ben baptized or cristened (baptizati Cerazunt in Colchis—whence Lucullus imported it The prominent part of the staves round the head Sotheli we ben to gidere biried with him by Cristendom to Italy: An. C. 680.

of a barrel. The whole passage runs thus :- (L. V. bi baptym, per baptismum) into deeth. CHERUBYN. For, sikerly, whan I was borne, anon

Wic. Rom. vi. 3, 4. Deth drow the tappe of lif, and let it gon;

And al a gheer (year) they lyueden there in the Chirche, Crist Kyngene Kyng (King of Kings)

And ever sith, hath so the tappe yronne,

and taughten mych peple, so that the disciplis weren Knyghted ten, Cherubyn and Seraphyn.

Til that almost all empty is the tonne :

named Airste at Aatioche christen men.-Id. Deedis, xi. 26. Piers Plouhman, v. 671. The streme of lif now droppeth on the chimbe.

And a whole yere they had theyr conuersation with ye CHESE. See CHOOSE.

Chaucer. Reves Prol. v. 3893. congregation there and taught much people; in so much CHIMNEY.

that the disciples of Antioche were ye fyrst that were called

Christians.-Bible, 1549. CHESIBLE, s. In Wic. Ex. xxv. 7, the He- (Absolon) saide: Frend so dere!

The Reader will find in this Author (Dr. T. Jackson) an brew Ephod (qv.) is explained by our old word

That hote culter in the cheminee here,
As lene it me: I haue therwith to don.

eminent excellence in that part of divinity which I make Chesible, from the Fr. Chasuble; L. Lat. Casubula.

Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3774.

bold to call Christology, in displaying the great mystery of See Casule in v. Case.

godliness, God the Son manifested in human flesh. CHINE.

Dr. T. Jackson's Works. Preface, p. xxvii. The Fr. Chasuble is described to be “ a fashion

Whanne (thei) hadde herd that the chinys or cradassis Natural Theology has been called the basis of Christiof cope that's open only in the sides :" it was worn (L. V. crasynges, interrupta) begunnen to be closid, thei anity. It would accord better with our own views of the

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