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BRICKLE. Fr. Briqueur. Brickle, fit for Brickes. Such (inflammation of the lungs) may happen either in Also the strong wallis of Jerico felden doun at Goddis Cot. (Qy. Brittle.)
the bronchial or pulmonary vessels, and may soon be com
municated from the one to the other. ordynaance, whan the preestis brayeden with vij. trumpis.
But th' altare, on the which this Image stood
Arbuthnot. On Diet, c.üi.
BROND. See BRAND.
Spenser. Ruins of Time, v. 499.
A brooklet, whose well head
Springs up in Fallerona.-Cary. Dante, Purg. 14. 18. Not Charles Oliver, that toke, ay, hede BRIDE. See Bird in Bower.
Dreamlike and indistinct those days appear, Of trouthe and honour, but of Armorike
As the faint sounds of this low brooklet borne
At every bridale would he sing and hoppe.
Upon the breeze, reach fitfully the ear.- Southey, Son. iv.
They shulden nought
bedden swich brothels The ryche man shal giue answere of euery threde in his
Eternal Nature's work. --Southey. Thalaba, b. v. s. 10.
In so brode shetes.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 1540. clothe, of euery cromme in his Bredeskep, of euery droppe of drynke of his barell and in his tonne.
Curside Child Chanaan, thral of alle thrallis he shal be BREAK. Is used by Piers Plouhman to signify
Skelton. Bouge of Court, v. 390.
to his britheren (fratribus).- Wic. Gen. ix. 25.
Let's have a bridling caste before you go.
The senenthe day he share the heeris of the heed, and dradde not, but zede awei, and dide fornycacioun also she. brigge) broughten thee here lokeden rather after thine Wic. Jer. iii. 8. helpes than thee to have relieued.
beerde, and browes. (L. V. brewes, supercilia.)
Wic. Lev. xiv. 9. BREAST.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.
Rather let the brightsome heavens be dim.
And (it) shal be to-mynusht, as is to-brosid the galoun girdil, fascia pectoris.)- Wic. Jer. ii. 32.
Marlow. Jew of Malta, act ii.
of the crockere with ful strong to-brosyng; and ther shal
not be founde of his brosynge & shord. (L. V. brekyng, conBREATHE.
tritura.)- Wic. Is. xxx. 13. Our envied sov'reign, and his altar breathes
He accounted himself enfranchised from the court brigues and attendances.-North. Life of North, i. 183.
BRUKE, s. Ambrosial odours, and ambrosial flowers
The Lat. Bruchus, said to be a kind Our servile offerings.-Milton, Par. L. ii. 244.
That Cæcilius Simplex brigued (pecunia mercari) for of locust without wings, is rendered by Wiclif
that preferment, by the means of money, was a rumour Bruke, and also Brush; which is interpreted in a BREECH. certainly believed.-Gordon. Tacitus, Hist. b. ii. c. 60.
marginal note on Isaiah xxxiii. 4,“ the fruyt of Thei soweden to gidre leenes of a fige tree, and maden As to my own concerns, I have been briguing and flathem brechis (perizomata).- Wic. Gen. iii. 7. tering at Loo, and I believe I have brought the matter so
locustis ;” and our Common Version reads, “ the Moreouer, thus sayde the Lord ynto me; Go thy waye,
far, that nobody will stand before me in my pretensions to runnyng to and fro of locusts.” In other places, it and get the a lynen breche (M. V. girdle) and gyrde it the Secretaryship of the Embassy:-Mr. (Mat.) Prior to is clearly the animal. aboute thy loynes. – Jeremy, c. xiii. Bib. 1549. Lord Lexington. Hague, Oct. 9, 1699.
A locust eete the residue of ericke (earwig), that is a
worme of bowis, and a bruke eet the residue of locust. BREED. BRIKE, i. e. Breach.
Wic. Joel i. 4. And whan it (a corn of sedeneye, mustard) is bredd (seminat), or quykened, it stygeth up into a tree, and is maad BRIM. To Brim; to fill or be full to the brim.
BUBBLE, . more than alle wortis or herbis. - Wic. Mark iv, 32.
(Several young readers in our Churches) in their Ser. BRIMSTONE.
mons use all the modern terms of Art, Sham, Banter, Mob, BREGGE, i. e. Abregge, Abridge.
Bubble, Bully, Cutting, Shufiling, Palming.
Tatler, No. 230. But for the chosene whom he chees, the Lord hath breig- and brunston. (L. V. brymston.) - Wic. Apoc. ix. 17.
BUCK, s. BEAUX.
(He is) one of those hopeful heirs who swarm and swaglatour, word bregger.- Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 72.
But he shal dwelle in drozte in desert, in the lond of bryn, ger about town under the denomination of Bucks. The Lord God of Oostis schal make an endynge and a and unabitable. (L. V. saltnesse, salsuginis.)
Smollett. Peregrine Pickle, c. 83. breggyng (E. V. abreggyng, abbreviationem) in the myddis
Wic. Jer. xvii. 6. Come, Master Margin, give the old Buck satisfaction. of al erthe.- Wic. Is. x. 23. BRING.
Foote. The Bankrupt, act iii. BREME. Ac thorng hir science soothly
Lap. Yes, yes, they look of that cat, not of the right
stuff, as the French say, to make Bucks desprits on.
Was nevere no soule y-saved, Thou studiest
Id. Trip to Calais, act i.
Do-bet shall heten and bouken it
Wic. Matt. ix. As bright as any scarlet.- Piers Plouhman, v. 6939. She shortly like a pyned ghost became, Which long bath waited by the Stygian strond. BRISE. See BRUISE.
BUCKLE, v. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Blain, Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. 2. $ 52.
BRITAGE. In Wiclif, Wisd. viii. 9, Propugna- supra. BREN.
cula is rendered, E. V. pinnacles, L. V. touris. Var. The plea did not rely only in that they were windfalls, Brynge in bettre wode, Or blowe it til it brende (burned). r. Britages.
but couples it with this-that they were first sear and then
overthrown by wind; and that makes an end of it, for sear Piers Plouhman, , 12021. BRITTLE.
trees belong to the lessee, standing or felled, and you have Y lonede brennyngli alien goddis, and Y schal go aftir
a special replication in the Book of 44 Ed. III. 'that the hem (adamavi).- Wic. Jer. ii. 25.
On brottle ground they bilde; and brotelnesse
wind did but rend them, and buckle them, and that they They founden whan they wenen sikernesse.
bore fruit two years after. BRERE. See BRIAR.
Chaucer. The Merchantes Tale, v. 9155.
Bacon. Works, ii. 455. Of Waste. BROCK. BREST. See BURST.
When a state beginneth to decline (great territory) doth
make it stoop and buckle so much the faster. And go hunte hardiliche BREVE.
Id. 16. p. 250. True Greatness of Britain. To hares and to foxes, He said of Jenny K- the maid of honour, that since To bores and to brokkes
BUFF, s. she could not get å husband, the Queen should give her a
That breken down myne hegges.
The herte of fooles shal understonde konnyng, and the brevet, to act as a married woman. They give brevets to
Piers Plouhman, v. 3854. tonge of bufferes. (L. V. stuttynge men, balborum.) Majors and Captains to act as Colonels in the army. They wenten abonte in brok skynnes.— Wic. Heb. ... 37.
Wüc. Is. xxxii. 4. Swift to Mrs. Dingley, March 14, 1712-13.
Oon of the mynystris stondingenyje, gaf a boffat (alapam) BREW, v.
to Jhesu.- Wic. John xviii. 22. We were weary of the heavenly manna, and had a plea- And thou shalt make the girdil with werke of a broderere. sure to return unto Egypt, where we might sit among (L. V. of broiderye, plumarii, aliter polymiti.)
BUG. greasy fleshpots eating beef and brewis knuckle-deep.
Wic. Ex. xxviii. 39. As a bugge, either a man of raggis (E. V. dreed, formido:
M. V. a scarecrow) in a place where gourdis wexen (E. V. BRIBE.
cucumeris), kepith no thing, so ben the treen goddis. (I) gart bakbityng be a brocour
Wic. Bar. vi. 69. And if thei (kynges) wage men to werre, To blame mennes ware.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2731.
So that thou shalt not nede to be afrayed for any bugges Thei write hern in noumbre:
They say, A crafty knave needs no broker. Alle othere in battaille
by night.- Bible, 1549. Ps. xci. Ben y-holde brybours,
Shakespeare. King Henry VI. Pt. II. act i. sc. 2. Pylours and Pyke-harneys.-Piers Plouhman, v. 14447.
BUILD, BUILDINGS (i. e. Buildens, H. T.). BRONCHIAL. Gr. Bpoyxoc, the throat. Fr. From thence to heaven's bribeless hall, Where no corrupted voices brawl.
Bronchique (muscle), one of the five muscles that BULL. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Bellou, supra. Raleigh. The Pilgrimage. open the larynx.
Whan that Phæbus doth his bright bemis spred
BUT Right in the white Bole.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, ii. 54. George. And hang the bulled (i. e. bolled) nose-gaies 'bove their heads.-Ben Jonson. Sad Shepherd, act i. sc. I.
BULLOCK. Sneak. Gad, I'll make her know I am a man of authority; she sha'nt think to bullock and domineer over me.
Foote. Mayor of Garratt, act ii. BUM. Probably a corruption of Bottom.
There was a Scrivener of Wapping brought to hearing for relief against a bummery bond.
North. Life of Guildford, ii. 118. (The fish) is just come, and should have been here last night. I shall bumble my landlady at Newport.-Cowper, xv. 43. To Hill, April 11, 1776. Also v. iv. 165.
BU’MBOAT. Dut. Boom-schip, navigiolum ex uno ligno ;-boom-kaen, scapha ex uno ligno. (Kilian.)
A small ship or boat of one beam, or log; a lumpish heavy kind of boat. See Buss, in Dictionary.
When the English were good Catholics they usually drank the Pope's health after dinner; au bon père; whence your bumper.
Dr. Crocchi, at Florence. Spence. Anecdotes, p. 104. BUMS, i. e. Bumbailiffs.
I would rather pay £100 for another man's negligence than be threatened with attorneys and bums.
Couper, vi. 315.
der sore.-Lyfe of our Ladye, e. 6, c. 2.
See Skelton, i. 209, Dyce's Notes.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3406. BURG. Holland renders the Lat. Civitas, Citizenship. Bourgeoisie of the city.
Thei bought none burgages
And thou shalt ete in thi burgtouns (oppidis) as it plesith to thee.- Wic. Deut. xii. 21.
BURION. See BOURGEON.
Lyfe of our Ladye, g. 7, c. 1.
Chaucer. Milleres Tale, v. 3827.
Id. Frank. Tale, v. 11285.
Chaucer. The Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15654.
Wic. Judg. ix. 25; also v. 35.
No man lyghteth a candell and putteth in a pryuy place, neyther under a bushell; but on a candlesticke, that they that come in, maye se the lyght.-Id. 16. Bib. 1549.
But they sayde, Not on the feast daye, least any busyness aryse among the people.-Bib. 1549. Mark xiv.
BUT or Böt is used both as a conjunction to connect sentences and as a preposition to connect words. See the Quotations in the Dictionary.
Al thei blessyng of God
BUT, i. e. ABUT.
It was like another man's ground buttailing upon his
As far as Adam's first green breeches.
Hudibras. Pt. i. c. 1.
(We) Set up committees of Cabals,
To pack designs without the walls.-Id. Pt. iii. c. 2.
CABALLINE. Lat. Caballus. Piers Plouhman
uses the sub. Caple or Capul, qv.
CADE, s. Whence, perhaps, Caddy, a box in
which tea, &c. is kept. Therfor Anoon made ballid and schauyde the children When you went you took with you the key of the caddy. of Dauid, and kittide the cootis of hem fro the buttokis of
Cow per, vii. 182. To Lady Hesketh, Jan. 19, 1793. hem til to the feet (a natibus). - Wic. i Pur. xix. 4.
CADET. “Sp. Cadéte. One who enlists himBUTTON.
self a soldier, without receiving any pay, in expecA cote hath he
tation of a commission.”—Delpino.
Pupils in military schools and colleges, preparing
to take commissions in the Queen's service, or in that The freshe bothum (bud) so bright of hewe.
of the East India Company, are distinguished by the Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 1790. name of gentlemen Cadets. Also in naval schools. BUTTRESS.
- In Scotch, Caddie is an errand man or boy, and He mat the boteraces (E.V. solets, ethecas) on euer either in English, Cad is current as a servant attending side of an hundride cubitis.- Wic. Ez. xli. 15.
certain public convevances.
dukece, than this false esteem.
Evelyn. Of the Perf. of Painting.
· upon the hous of Juda, for it is led 232. p.
into caitifdom. (L. V. caitifte, in captivitatem.) Fresh gales arise, with equal strokes they fly,
Wic. Ez. xxv. 3. And brush the buzom seas, and o'er the billows fly.
Weenest thou hou myche euil it is to synnen, that he Dryden. Æneid, v. 1017.
take to Sathan, cantiuende the soules of hem that ben forBUY.
saken of God.-Id. Jer. Prol. p. 343. Sellynge and buggynge.-Piers Plouhman, v. 13426.
Two woful wretches ben we, two caitives,
That ben accombred of our owen lives.
Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1719.
He offre a peny of siluer, and a cake of breed. (E. V.
CALAMITY. Freund supposes Columitas, from
Columis, opposed to incolumitus, from incolumis, and
therefore the state of fruit, stunted, injured. Key: Make a sperhauk of a bosarde.
-Philol. Soc. iii. 220, gives as the root, Cad- (ere,
And eche yere weren certeyn dayes thre
By calking cast and computacion
And thow shalt make into the asis of it caudrons to be
CALIDITY. Caliduct. See CALEFY. with a sword. He fell by the sword, not with.
CALLE. Fr. Cale. A kind of little cap.-CotBY AND BY.
grave. See CaLLET.
Let see which is the proudest of hem alle
That wereth on a kerchef or a calle,
Chaucer. The Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6600.
(Ye) maken him a flowre (a hood) above a call. By and by.-Id. 16. st. xxi.
Id. Troylus and Cressida, iii. 775.
A man of whos heed heeris fleten awei, is calu (calvus,
Brown. Brit. Past. b. ii. 8. 4. by-paths, which we must trace.
As they see the blaze
Or on Tezcuco's calmy lake flash'd far,
Songs of thanksgiving and the shouts of joy.
Wake the loud echo.-Southey. Joan of Arc, b. vi. 104.
calf (var. r. maad calf-lees). - Wic. Job xxí. 10.
CARP, also Carpere,—viam, iter. Arripere. Crokyd as a camoke, and as a kowe calfles.
Skelton. Works, i. 117.
Whether thou hast knowen the time of the berthe of the Thou shalt go to waste and be made an ensample and a wilde capretis in stonys. (L. V. geet, ibicum.),
jestynge stocke vnto all nacyons whether ye Lord shall No longer complain of calfless legs.
Wic, Job xxxix. 1. carpe the. Thou shalt get sonnes and daughters, but shalt
not have them; for they shalbe carped away captive. CAMOUS. CAMOUKE. caprettis (de capreis) that dwellen in wodis.
(M. V. lead thee-go into captivity.? Id. 2 Kings ii. 18
Bible, 1549. Deut. xxviii. 37, 41. Timely crookes that tree that will be a camocke, and yong it prickes that will be a thorn.
CAPITULATE. Also, to poll, count, or num
He hath tazte with wisdom that thei maken werkis of
He was so diligent
casually omitted to see.
In carpentrye with al his ful entent.
Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 7, c. 1. Greek ?-Dedis, xxi. 37.
CARRIKE. See CARACK.
Or as many capons And blew so fast, and in such wise
Than for the loue of oure Lord.—Piers Plouhman, v. 2154. His caroyne shal come The ship, that every wight can say
In cave to be buryed.-Piers Plouhman, v. 7937. Madame.-Chaucer, Dreme, v. 1279, et al CAPREOL. See CAPER.
And foules discendiden upon the careynes (cadavera) and
Abram droue hem awey.- Wic. Gen. xv. 11.
CARRY, v. CARRIAGE, is applied not only to The stones came candid forth, the hue of innocence.
By force of meinie, for to sle doun right,
that (vehicle) which carries, but to that which we Dryden. Ovid, Met. b. xv. And brennen hous and home, and make all plain, carry, - baggage, luggage. See Quotation from One would be tempted to liken it (the moral sense) to Lo, therefore is he cleped a Capitain. that candid appearance which, as the modern philosophy
Chaucer. Manc. Tale, v. 17179. Spenser and the Acts.
Ancres and heremytes has discovered to us, is the result of a mixture of all kinds
That holden hem in their celles, of primitive colours.-- Warburton. Divine Leg. b. i. s. 4. Il marshalled, ill directed, in vain rage,
And coveiten noght in contree
To carien aboute.-Piers Plouhman, v. 58.
Southey. Joan of Arc, b. viii. v. 587. Nether men tenden a lanterne and putten it undir a
(Joseph gaf) to hem ten hee assis, that schulden karye busshel, but on a candilstike, that it žeue lišt to alle that ben CAPTIOUS. Fr. Captieux. Captious sieve is a
of all the richessis of Egipt. (L. V. bere; subveherent.) in the hows.- Wic. Mat. v. 15.
Wic. Gen. xlv. 23. deceitful sieve. A captious person is one who takes, And he made seuene lanternes with her candelquenchers.
Comaund also, that thei taken the waynes of Egipt to catches up sharply, to gain an advantage; to elude; (L. V. smityng tongis, emunctoriis suis.)
the kariyng of her children and wyues. (L. V. cariage, ad Id. Ex. xxxvii. 23.
to delude; to deceive. And Caption, De-ception; subvectionem.)-Id. Ib. v. 19. CANEL. Channel, or hollow as a cane. Captious, Deceptious.
And strongly wading (Calepine) thro the waves unused
With speare in th'one hand, stayd himself vpright, (Her neck) was white, smothe, and pure flatte, CAPUL. See CABALLINE.
With th'other stayd bis lady vp with steddy might; Withouten hole, or canel bone.
But whenas Calepine came to the brim,
And saw his carriage past that peril well,
I must die CANKER. CANKEDORT, s. A woful or doubt
Looking at that same Carle with count'nance grim, Betray'd, captiv'd, and both my eyes put out,
His heart with vengeance inwardly did swell. ful case. Urry. Made of my enemies the scorn and gaze.
Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. vi. can. 3, 9 34. Schonye thou unholi and veyne spechis, sotheli thei
Milton. Samson Agonistes, v. 33.
And after those days we took op our carriages, and went profiten moche to unpite (ad impietatem), and the word of CAR.
up to Jerusalem (αποσκευασαμενοι, having packed up our hem crepith as a kankir. (L. V. canker, ut cancer.)
baggage; cufun, impedimenta).-Acts xxi. 15.
- Wic. Num. vii.
9. The lond was wastid thorou the wort worm and
CARVE. thorouz cancrynge rust.
For loo! the Lord shal comaunde, and shal smyte the Id. Pref. Ep. of St. Jerome, p. 69.
gretter hous with fullyngis, and the lesse hous with keru
Galleons, attended by 20 lesser ships called caravals. But now to you-Ye lovers that ben here
Hume. Elizabeth, 1588. yngis. (L.V. brekyngis , scissionibus.)— Wic. Amos vi. 12. Was Troilus nat in a cankedort,
God for his manace him so sore smote,
With invisible wound, ay incurable,
That, in his guttes, carfe it so and bote (cut and bit),
Thatte his peines weren importable.
Chaucer. "The Monkes Tale, v. 14519.
Chaucer. Rime of Sir Thopas, v. 13800. the islanders in their boats, which they called canoes
CARCASS. rudely formed out of the trunk of a single tree.
CASE. The Casule. Low Lat. Casula ; Fr. ChaRobertson. America, b. ii. (1492.) Forsothe thei schulen departe bitwixe hem the karkeis suble (in Wic. Cehsible), was a sacerdotal vest, worn
(E. V. careyn) of the dede oxe.- Wic. Ex. xxi. 35. CANTHARADIZE, v. A spurious production
over the other garments, so called, quia instar parvæ of Coleridge, scarcely worth preserving, from Can- CARD.
casæ totum tegit. See Du Cange. In Wiclif's Bible,
the Heb. Ephod is in the var. readings explained
Wisdom and wit now tharis, the Spanish fly, used to raise blisters.
Is noght worth a kerse (cress)
to be a Chesiple. Concealment sets the imagination aworking, and as it
But if it be carded with coveitise,
Piers Plouhman, v. 5639.
There with a light and anplumed casquetel
She helm'd her head.--Southey. Joan of Arc, ir. 230. There are no grotesques in nature, not any thing framed
That we may know, as a ship-master by his card, how to fill up empty cantons and unnecessary spaces.
CASSATE. See CASH.
far we are wide, either on the one side or on the other, we
CAST. In Wic. to forecast, to conjecture. Caster, CANTRED. Low Lat. Cantredus. A portion secondly, corruption, perverting nature; thirdly, grace,
a conjecturer. Lit. He who, or that which throws; of the country containing 100 villages, equivalent correcting and mending corruption.
Sermon on Sorrow and Fear. applied to a pepper-caster, which casts forth the (e. g. in Ireland) to the A. S. Hundred. It is of
CARDECU. Fr. Quart d'escu, one-fourth of a pepper. common occurrence in Spenser's Work on Ireland. French crown, value 18d. sterling.–Cot.
I saw sweuens, ne there is that opnith, the whiche I CANZON. See CANT.
haue herd the most wiseli to cast. (L. V. that thou ezPar. Sir, for a cardecere he will sell the fee simple of his CAP. salvation.
pownest, te conjicere.)- Wic. Gen. xli. 15.
If a stoon he throw and with the cast (ictu) sleeth, lijk Shakespeare. All's Well, act iv. sc. 3; also act v. sc. 2. He (the Catholic Clergyman) said that it was not his
maner he shal be punishid.-Id. Num. xxxv. 17.
Bew. Give her a cardecew, 'tis royal payment. business to cap principles with every man he conversed
Beaumont and Fletcher. Noble Gentleman, act i. sc. 1.
(She) prezede, that the malice of Aman Agachite, and with.– Defoe. Robinson Crusoe.
hes werste castis (machinationes) that he hadde thot out CAPABLE, CAPIOUS.
afen the Jewes, he comaunde to be maad voide.
Id. Esth, viii. 3. Whereof no wyght by kynde is capyous.,
(He) paynd himselfe with busie care to reare Lyfe of our Ladye, fo. g. 1, e. 1. Her out of carelesse (i. e. insensate) swowne.
In licnesse of deuynour, and of a false castere (L. V. con
Spenser. Faerie Queene, i. 2. 45.jectere, conjector) he eymeth that he knowith not. CAPACIOUS. Sèe CAPABLE. CARNAL, o.
Id. Prov. xxiii. 7.
And first he casts to change his proper shape, CAPEL. See CABALLINE. This was the temper of that lecher, that carnalled with
Which else might work him danger or delay. Ac thanne cared thei for caples a statua.-Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. Ø vii.
Milton. Pur. L. iii. 634. Tocarien hem thider.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1206. CARNEFY. See CARNALIZE,
CASTLE. CHASTELAINE (fem.) A woman of
CAROL. Is a dance in Chaucer as well as in noble family.
There is no lady so hauteine,
Duchesse, countesse, ne chastèlaine,
That I nolde holde her ungodely
For to refuse him utterly.
Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 3740.
The toknes and wondris it knowith, er thei ben don ;
and the chauncis (L. V. bifallyngis, eventus) of tyines and The Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Car. Say you consent, and censure well the deed;
of worldis.- Wic. Wis. viii. 8. Cambridge is in the foundation deed designated as Pro- And I'le prouide his executioner. fessor of Moral Theology or Casuistical Divinity, and has
Shakespeare. Henry VI. Pt. 11. act iii. sc. 1. The daie is go, the nightes chaunce
Hath derked all the bright sonne. usually been terined Professor of Casuistry. Whewell's Lectures, 1852. CENTO. CENTONISM. Cento (in Browne), a
Gower, viii. fo. 179, p. 1, c. 2. CAT. Wiclif renders Catulus leonis, the keetling patch.
CHANCELLOR. There is under these centoes and miserable outsides, Reson thou shalt nat ryden hennes of a lyon.
these mutilate and semibodies, a soul of the same alloy Bote be my chet chaunceler in chekyr and in parlement. To Dan forsothe he seith, Dan, keetlyng of a lyon (L. V. with our own.--Browne. Religio Medici, pt. ii. xiii.
Piers Plouhinan, p. 73. whelp) shal flowe largly fro Basan.- Wic. Deut. xxxiii. 22. Tassoni has ridiculed its (Bembo's poetry) centonism,
Hallam. Lit. of Europe, i. 573. CATCH.
CHANDLER, CHANDELIER, CHAUNDELABRE.
CENTRALIZE. 2 Are words now in com- In figure eke the chaundelubre of golde.
Lyfe of uur Ladye, a. 6, c. 1.
Thilke chaungeablete is only in creaturis, for God by un
chaungeable makith chaungeable thyngis. more redy to hent sentence.-Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol. CERE. CERATE.
Wic. 1 kings xv. Il, marg. note. CATECHUMEN. See CATECHISE.
The sealing up of the mouth of the shell by the snail, is CHANSON. See CHANT.
also well calculated for its warmth and security, but the That ben catecumelynges.-Piers Plouhman, v. 6729. ccrate is not of the same substance with the shell.
Paley. Natural Theology, c. xix.
Chauntable weren thy justefyingus. (L V. delitable to
be Can it consist with the Divine Being to make an infinite
sungun, cantabiles.) tric. Ps. cxviii. 54. substance? Can there possibly be two categorematical, that rated by Vossius, is one from Cere, in Etruria, whence
This book Sauter is clepid, that is to seie, the book of is, positive, substantial infinities.
the Romans borrowed their Ceremonies, or where they Songis of Dauith, and or Asaph, the chauntour of the Bp. Taylor. Real Presence, \ xi. 14. performed certain of them. And see Val. Maximus, Temple of the Lord.— Id. Prol. to Psalms. CATENATION. CAITISNED, qy. Chained. See 1. i. c. 1, $ 10.
A yerd she had, enclosed all about in Skinner.
What is forsothe other folke of kynde so noble that hath
With stickes, and a drie diche without,
In which she had a cok highte Chaunteclere, ceremoyns (L. V. ceremonyes, ceremonias) and rightwis I endure my penaunce in this derke prisoun caitisned domys, and al the lawe, that I purpose to day before youre
In all the land in crowing n'as his pere. from frendship and acquaintaunce, and forsaken of all that
His vois was merier than the mery orgon,
On Masse daies that in the chirches gon.
Chaucer, Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 14855. CATTLE.
(or a writing, certifying) of a parish settlement; How shal I come to catel so,
CHARACTER. To clothe me and to feede.- Piers Plouhman, v. 14342. and a certificated person is one to whom such cer
And thorugh caractes that Crist wroot, Forsothe if a man hath glorie in pouert, how myche tificate has been given. This verb seems to have
The Jewes knewe hemselve
And gretter in synne,
Than the wominan....
-Piers Plouhman, v. 7600. CAUL.
CESSION. See CEDE. Thou shal take al the fatnes that couereth the entreyls,
CHARGE. Add after burthen; and further-To and the call of the mawe (reticulum jecoris);
depress; to sink down; to be of weight or imWic. Ec. xxix. 13; also Deut. iii. 4.
On the seuenthe dai, he (Assuer) was gladere cherid, and portance. Chaucer.
after to myche drinking was chaufid (L. V. hoot, incaluit) CAUSE. Lat. Causa, was used as the Fr. Chose,
Charge. “Of that no charge;" no heavy consewith win. - Wic. Esth. i. 10. It. and Sp. Cosa, to denote generally-a thing. He sethede potage and is fild; and is chaufid (L. V.
quence, no matter. See Chaucer in v, Fume. He seekith for to take the causis of the Rewme (regni warmed, calefactus est), and seide, Vah, or weel, I am hat Heuy is the ston, and charious (onerosa) is the grauel, negotia). - Wic. 1 Mac. vi. 57. (hot).-Id. Isa. xliv. 16.
but the wrathe of the fool is heuyere than either. Sotheli withoutë causeful evidence mistrust in jelousye
Wic. Prov. xxvii. 3. should not be wened.- Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. iii.
Smoke or other thinges light
Wic. Job xxi, 18. Light thinges up: and hevie, down charge.
Chaucer. House of Fame, ii. 237.
I passe all that, which chargeth naught, to say. But knowen men her cautel Chiden I wolde. -Piers Plouhman, v. 8787.
Id. Troylus and Cressida, iii, 1576. And her queyote wordes. Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 603. Hard is delivered the chaffarere (L.V. marchaunt, nego
Thus was I oneis learned of a clerk ; Which takith cautelouse men (E. V. wise, sapientes) in tians) fro his necgligence. Wic. Ecc. xxvi. 24.
Of that no charge. I wol speke of our werk.
Id. The Chanones Yemannes Tale, v. 16217. the felnesse (astuia) of hem, and distrieth the counsel of CHAIN.
Certes ye hau sodeinly cleped to your counseil & gret schrewis.- Wic. Job v. 13.
Swiche chastite withouten charité
multitude of peple ful chargeant, and ful anoyous to bere. For such a manner craft ther is wyth them can glose, Worth cheyned in helle.-Piers Plouhman, v. 849.
Id. Tale of Melibeus. Some tournyth all to cautele. Chaucer. Beryn, v. 227.
Me list not tell
We lerne long tyme afore or we become olde men by CAUTION.
What plumage waved the altar round,
what reasons we myght suffre and endure ryght lyghtly How spurs, and chainlets, sound.
the chargyng and the greuious age of olde men. (The five men) saw that the people, after the manner of
Scott. Last Minstrel, e. vi. $ 4.
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, b. iv. the Zidonians, dwelled careless, quiet and arutionless, having nothing in the land to molest them, and living in
CHARIOT. affluence.-Geddes. Judges xviii. 7.
Some (men there beene that painten) with coles and chalke, and yet is there good matter to the leude people of
Helise forsothe sawe, and criede, Fader myn! Fader CAVALRY. See CAVALIER. thylke chalkye purtreyture.
myn! the chaar of Yrael (currus) and the charieter (auriga) Chaucer. Test. of Loue, Prol.
of it.— Wic. 4 Kings ii. 12. CAVE, 0. To hollow. See EXCAVATE. In
And Elizeus sawe and cryed, O my father, O my father,
CHALLENGE. Shakespeare, to hide or dwell in a cave.
the charet of Israel, and the horsmen therof. We ben brošt in for the monei whiche we baren aten
Bible, 1549. 10. We cave here.-Cymbeline.
bifore in our sackis, that he putte chalenge into us (E.V. And it (a stone) was caued somwhat as a pyt there as he that chalengynge he turne in to us, ut deuoluat in nos calum
Among other thinges that he wan,-. sate.-Golden Legende. Lyfe of St. Fyaere, fo. ccclxxi. niam), and make suget bi violence to seruage both us and
Hire char, that was with gold wrought and pierrie, The stone was thus caued and made softe lyke pylowe. oure assis.- Wic. Gen. xliii. 18.
This grete Romain, this Aurelian,
Huth with him lad for that men shuld it see.
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale, v. 14366. CEASE.
shul crie, and zelle out for the fors of the arm of tirauntis.
Id. Job xxxv. 9.
CHARITY. Vpon the morrow folowynge, to cease the rumour of the people he was brought vnto his jugement.
CHAMBER. “ The best blood chamber'd in his
The whiche is a lond more cheere to thee of alle. (L.V. Fabyan. Ann. 1307.
dereworthest, carissima.) - Wic. Wisd. xii. 7. bosom," i. e. inclosed as in a chamber. And hence, The whole obligation of that law and covenant wbich
A most cheere (dereworth) hynde; and a most kindeli bert God made with the Jews was ceased. To chamber; is, Cons. To shut up, confine, restrain.
calf (hinnulus).-Id. Prov. v. 19. Tillotson, ii. 327. On Galatians vi. 15. For Critias manaced and thretened hymn, that onelesse he
chaumbered his tongue in season, there shoald ere lög be CHARLATAN. CECUTIENCY. See CECITY.
one oxe the fewer for hym.
Nic. Vdall. Erasmus Apothegmis, b. i. p. 10 (1552). The poor foreigner answered, that he was an Italian Churr. CELESTIAL. See CELESTIFY.
laton, who had practised with some reputation in Pades, CELL. “I have a hundred tragedies in my cell," deposited. Hence applied to the whole inortar. CHAMBER of a Mortar, where the powder is quisition by exhibiting certain wouderful performances
by until he bad the misfortune to attract the notice of the In
his skill in natural knowledge, which the tribunal coni. e. in my head, in the cells of the brain. See Quo
To venture upon the charged chambers bravely.
sidered as the effect of sorcery. tation from Chaucer in the Dictionary. Shakespeare. Henry IV. pt. II. act ii. sc. 4.
Peregrine Pickle, vol. i. ch. 34.
CHR CHARNEL. at mass by both priest and deacon, the former ben ful myche wrothe.- Wic. 2 Esd. iv. 7. See also in r.
Craze and Crevice. For in charnel at chirche
round, the latter square at the bottom. Cherles ben yvel to knowe.- Piers Plouhman, v. 3885. Chesibles for chapeleyns,
My culuer (is) in holis of the ston, in the chime (fora
minibus) of a ston wal.- Wic. Song of Solomon, ii. 14.
Chirches to honoure.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3816. CHASE. The relief of an Earl, by the laws of
CHIRK. Wiclif writes Chark. William the Conqueror, included horses, chasers, and CHESOUN. See ENCHEASON.
Lo, I schal charke under 30u, as a wayn chargid with hei palfreys. So of a Baron. See N. Bucon. Hist. Thanne for he is mekid for chesoun of me. (L. V. for charkith (stridet).- Wic. Amos ii. 13. Disc. c. lii. p. 145.
the cause, causa mei.)- Wic. 3 Kings xxi. 28.
Thou perauenture weenest, that Dauid, by chesoun of CHIRURGEON. To a justes in Jerusalem
wirschipe (L. V. for ause of onour, honoris causa) unto He chaced awey faste.-Piers Plouhman, v. 11472.
The cheirurgical or manual kind of mechanicks doth thy fadir sente, that he comforten thee.
Id. i Par. xix. 3.
refer to the making of those instruments, and the exercisCHASTELAINE. See CASTLE and CHATE
ing of such particular experiments. As in the works of CHESS.
architecture, fortification, and the like. LEINE. They dancen; and they play at ches and tables.
Wilkins. Mathematical Magick, b. i. c. 2.
Chaucer. The Frankeleind's Tale, v. 11213. CHISEL.
Who ziveth to me that thei be granen in a boc, or with yngie. (See Piers Plouhman, infra.)
Wherof bateyles and cheestes or chidinges (lites) amonge
an iren pointel, or with a pece of led, or with a chisell Reed me noght, quod Reson, fou. Wic. James iv. 1.
(celte), that thei be grauen in flint.-- Wic. Job xix. 24. No ruthe to have, Til childrene cherissynge
CHESTNUT. In Chaucer, Chesteine; enume- CHIT. See CHIDE.
CHEVACHIE, S. Fr. Chevauchée. A cavalry There hadde diches (fovens) the yrchoun, and nurshede These hethen men, the londe of whiche thou schalt expedition; generally, an expedition.
ont litle chittes (L. V. whelpis, catulos), and about dall, welde, heren hem that worchen by chiteryng of briddys (E.
and nurshede in his schadewe.- Wic. Is. xxxiv. 15.
And he hadde be, somtime, in chevachie
In Flaundres.-Chaucer. Prologue, v. 85.
CHITTER. See CHATTER.
CHIUALRY. Wiclif so renders Lat. Equites, With the Chastilet of Cheste (" Strife").
I say, he toke out of his owen sleve
Equitatus, and in the following Quotation Exercitus.
Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Tale, v. 16693. Abymalech forsothe aroos, and Phicol, the prince of his CHAUDRON. A calve's chaldern (or chaudron), Alas! your Honour, and your Emperice;
chyvalrye, and turneden azen into the loond of Palesteynes. commonly called the pluck. Fraize, ou freze de Nigh ded for drede, ne can hire not chevice (ransom).
Wic. Gen. xxi, 33.
Id. Com. of Mars, v. 135. CHIVEL. See CHIVER. veau. Cotgrave.
The vow made anto Mars for the good cheevance of that Add thereto a tiger's chaudron.
Hire chekes chyveled for elde.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2854. Shakespeare. Macbeth, act iv. sc. 1.
war was not performed with due complements.
Liry, p. 439. Holland.
Wakyng, and colre (cholera) ether bittir moisture and
gnawing to an vndiscreet either vntemperat man. teeth, molas), and fro his teeth I tok awei the prei. 28.
Wic. Ecclus. xxxi. 23, and xxxvii. 33.
So therfor also in this time the relyfs ben maad sanf, by And whoso cheaped my chaffare
the chesyng (secundum electionem) of the grace of God. Chiden I wolde.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8787.
Wic. Rom. xi. 5. When that our pot is broke,
as I have sayde, CHECKLATON. See CICLATON. Every man chit-Chaucer. The Chan. Yem. Tale, v.16389. Forsothe the teecheresse it (wisdom) of the discipline of
God and the cheseresse (electrix) of the werkis of hym. Full oft
Id. Wisd. viii. 4. CHEEK, s.
He stroked them gently, and as oft he chode.
Couper. Iliad, xvii. 625. Choice there is not, vnlesse the thing which wee take be And takyng a foundun cheek boon, that is the cheeklap of
so in our power that wee might have refused and left it. If an asse (L. V. lowere cheke boon, marilla, i. e. mandibula) CHILD. See Piers Plouhman in v. Chastinge,
fire consume stubble, it chooseth not so to doe, because the that lay, he slewz with it a thousand men.
nature thereof is such that it can doe no other. To choose Wic. Judg. xv. 15. supra.
is to will one thing before another. Forsothe Adam knewe his wijf Eue, which conceyued
Hooker. Ecc. Pol. i. $ 7. CHEER, v. From Caur, the heart. Be of good and childide (E. V. bare, peperit) Cayn, and seyd, Y have
His choiceful sense with every change doth flit. cheer, i. e. of good heart. Good cheer, that which gete a man bỉ God. - Wic. "Gen. iv. 1.
Spenser. Mucopotmos, v. 159. heartens, cherishes, &c.
Be not adrad, thou goode child maide (puella), to in
gon to my Lord.-Id. Judith xii. 12.
CHORL. See CHURL. Booz had eten and dronken, and was maad gladder cheryd (hilarior). Wic. Ruth iii. 7.
He conseyuede sin and childide (E. V.bar) wickednesse.
id. Job xv. 35.
Forsothe the childer wymmen (L. V. dameselis, puella) Forsothe to Jeptee, turnynge ajens into Maspha, his And thou shalt bere to the tribune these ten litil forms and the zeldingus wenten in, and tolden to hir.
hows, ažencam to hym hys oonli goten douzter with tymbrys
Id. Esth. iv. 4. and chorys. (L. V. croudis, choris.)- Wic. Judges xi. 34. of chese (formellas casei).- Wic. 1 Kings xvii. 18.
Childishe ben thes thingis, and like to the pley of chil-
CHOULE, i. e. Jowl.
The Spring, the Sommer,
With a chol lollede.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 446.
Con. We are in a fair way to be ridiculous;
Shirley. Honoria and Mammon, act ii. sc. 2. CHERL. See CHURL.
Wordsworth. Works, i. 3.
pope here of was glad, and twei holy men hym sende, Thes ben bestis clepid chimeres, that han a part of ech
Fagan and Damian, hys soule for to amende, She had a child in chirie-tyme.-Piers Plouhman, v. 2793. best, and these ben not no (known) but oonly in opyayoun, That ryght bi leue hym tajte, and gef him Cristendome.
either speche, and not in dede neither in kynde. CHERRY-TREE. A. S. Cyrr-treon ; Gr. Ke
Wic. Bib. Prol. p. 31.
Robert of Gloucestre, p. 73.
For Eleuthere a god man was tho pope of Rome, paoos; Lat. Ceras-us, untis—Mod. Kéréhshin. Spel
CHIME. Chimbe, in the first line of Chaucer
Thorw wam first Christene men in to Englond com. man calls it Cerazunt (now variously written-Ke- (quoted in the Dictionary), is explained by Skin
72. rason, Kerasunt, Kerasoun). It is so called from ner, The uttermost part of a barrel. By Tyrwhitt, sumus) in Christ Jhesu, in his deeth he ben baptized.
For whiche ener we ben baptized or cristened (baptizati Cerazunt in Colchis—whence Lucullus imported it The prominent part of the staves round the head Sotheli we ben to gidere biried with him by Cristendom to Italy: An. C. 680.
of a barrel. The whole passage runs thus :- (L. V. bi baptym, per baptismum) into deeth. CHERUBYN. For, sikerly, whan I was borne, anon
Wic. Rom. vi. 3, 4. Deth drow the tappe of lif, and let it gon;
And al a gheer (year) they lyueden there in the Chirche, Crist Kyngene Kyng (King of Kings)
And ever sith, hath so the tappe yronne,
and taughten mych peple, so that the disciplis weren Knyghted ten, Cherubyn and Seraphyn.
Til that almost all empty is the tonne :
named Airste at Aatioche christen men.-Id. Deedis, xi. 26. Piers Plouhman, v. 671. The streme of lif now droppeth on the chimbe.
And a whole yere they had theyr conuersation with ye CHESE. See CHOOSE.
Chaucer. Reves Prol. v. 3893. congregation there and taught much people; in so much CHIMNEY.
that the disciples of Antioche were ye fyrst that were called
Christians.-Bible, 1549. CHESIBLE, s. In Wic. Ex. xxv. 7, the He- (Absolon) saide: Frend so dere!
The Reader will find in this Author (Dr. T. Jackson) an brew Ephod (qv.) is explained by our old word
That hote culter in the cheminee here,
eminent excellence in that part of divinity which I make Chesible, from the Fr. Chasuble; L. Lat. Casubula.
Chaucer. The Milleres Tale, v. 3774.
bold to call Christology, in displaying the great mystery of See Casule in v. Case.
godliness, God the Son manifested in human flesh. CHINE.
Dr. T. Jackson's Works. Preface, p. xxvii. The Fr. Chasuble is described to be “ a fashion
Whanne (thei) hadde herd that the chinys or cradassis Natural Theology has been called the basis of Christiof cope that's open only in the sides :" it was worn (L. V. crasynges, interrupta) begunnen to be closid, thei anity. It would accord better with our own views of the