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FELLOE. Now applied to the circumferential forsothe is a feerli witnesse, maketh a tunge of lesing. Of these things others quickly will dispose,

Whose pains have earn'd the far fet spoil.
segments (of wood) in which the spokes radiating (L.V. sudeyn, repentinus.)— Wic. Prov. xii. 19.
from the nave are infixed, and which are surrounded fro Galgalis. (L. V. sodenli

, repente.)Id. Josh x. 9. And so Josue felle on her feerliche, al nyt stiynge up

Milton. Par. R. ii. 401.

Let me know if Aldemey's calf be sould yet, and what by the (iron) rim or tire.

And he that made the busshe to appere

he fought.-Hum. Clinker. Tabitha, B. Glostar, Ap. ii. Forsothe the whelis weren siche, as ben wonte to be maad Al on flame with ferly spareles shene. in a chaar; and the axtre of hem, and the spokys, and the

Lyfe of our Ladye, d. 2, c. 2.

Fr. Faictis. See Feat. felijs (L.V. dowlis, canthi), and the nane alle zoten.

FERM. See Farm.

Wic. 3 Kings vii. 33.
On silver spokes the golden fellies rolled (aurea summæ FERMACY. See PHARMACY.

curvatura rotæ).-Sandy's Ovid. Met. ii. 107.

Whether not the fewenesse (paucitas) of my dazis shal FERMENT, v.

ben endid in short!

- Wic. Job x. 20. FELLOW, v. FELLOWSHIP, v. Wiclif, Chaucer, So that it is most evident that of all other naturall sub- They (students at Cambridge) be content with a penny and Earl of Wurcestre,

stances the body of man is the most fermentated, com- peece of beef amongst four, having a few pottage made of Wherfor whom euere Saul sauf a strong man and able to pounded, and incorporated masse.

the broth of the same beef, &c. bateil, he felawshipide him to him silf. (L. V. feloushipide, Wuts. Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. iv. c. i.

Ser. by T'hos. Sonor, An. 1550, in Strype, sociabat.)— Wic. 1 Kings xiv. 52; also v. 22-24.


FEWELL. FEUAGE, or FUAGE, from Fr. Feuage. Solytary vertue may not itself attayne to such things as ben hyghest, but joyned and felawshipped with other it

Bat natheles, some saiden that it (Canace's ring) was A tax similar to our Hearth or Chimney Money. mighte atteyne.- Tullius. De Amicitia, Wurcestre, c. 7.

Wonders to maken of ferne ashen glas,

Skinner. And see FOUAGE, in Cotgrave. And if there bee any thyng that knitteth and felowshippeth

And yet is glas noght like ashen of glas. (societ) hiroself to thilke middle poincte, it is constrained

Chaucer. The Squiere's Tale, v. 10567.

So to this counsayle for reysing this fewage (they) weie

called.-Berners' Froissart, i. 181. into simplicitie.-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. p. 6.

FERS. See FIERCE, infra. And the Lord was with Joseph, and he was a luckie felowe,

FEY, 0. and continued in the house of his Master, the Egyptian. FERS, s. and pl. Ferses. For fere, and feres,

A deale of snow there was to be digged, faied, and Bible, 1549. Gen. xxxix. Chessmen, see Chaucer in v. Check, supra.

thrown out.-Hol. Livy, p. 414. Of Moises, the felow that brought us out of the land of

FEY, i. e. Faith. Egypt, we wot not what is become.-ld. Er. xxxii. Fers, The King's fere, i. e. the Queen. Feres, The

Ne to the worde there n'is no fey certain. FELON. fellow pieces.

Chaucer. Phyllis, v. 2520. And the dekene, hosebonde of the wijf that was slayn, At chesse with me she gan to play;

FEYRE. See FAIR, s. was axid, how so greet felonye was doon (tantum scelus).

With hire false draughtes ful divers,
Wic. Judg. xx. 3; also ix. 24.
She stale on me and took my fers.

FICCHE, i. e. Fix, qv.
He zaf his lijf in to deth; and was arettid with felenouse

Chaucer. The Duchesse, v. 654. (sceleratos) men; and he dide a wei the synne of many men,

Parde; quod I;

FIDDLE. and he preiede for trespassouris.- Id. Is. liii. 12.

Ne say not so, for, truely,

Wolde nevere the feithful fader
So much rose the felony of the Romans (felness),
Though ye had lost your ferses twelve,

This fithele were un-tempred.
And for sorowe murdred your selve,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5374
Berners' Froissart, i. 510.

You shoulde be dampned in this case.-Id Tb. v. 723. Nought to fare as a fithelere or a frere, FEN. See Piers Plouhman in v. Be-slyme, supra.

For to seke freres.- Id. v. 5791.

FERTHYNG. See FARTHING. And he bildide a wal, forsothe thei dawbeden, or pargeten

FIDGE. it with fen without chaffis (luto).- Wic. Ez. xiii. 10. FERVENT, ad.

What is it makes you fidge up and down? The hound turn azen to his castyng, and a sowe is waisch- For he was stirid azens hem bi my feruent loue (zelo meo),

Dryden. Maiden Queen, A. iii. ung in walwyng of fenne. (E.V.cley, luti.)-Id. 2 Pet. ii. 12. that Y my silf schulde not do awai the sones of Israel in

FIE. my greet hete (var. r. feruentnesse, in zelo meo). FENCE.

Wic. Num. xxv. 11.

Fy on thi lawe.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1131. From the wild waves he (Industry) won the Belgic land; (Lest) the Lord forgyue not to hym, but thanne ful greetli FIELD. Wic. renders Lat. Campestria loca, feelily Where wide they foam'd, her towns and traffic stand; his strong veniaunce be feers, and the feruour (E.V.gelows, He clear'd, manor'd, enlarg'd the furtive ground, zelus) ažens that man and alle the cursis that ben writun

or feldi places. See Luke, quoted in Dictionary, et And firms the conquest with his fenceful mound. in this book sitte on hym.-ld. Deut. xxix. 20.

aliter. Swage. Wanderer, c. i. And golde betokeneth the



That he to man had of affeccion.
And franke bitokenetb the soversyn excellence,

Forsothe this wisdom is not from aboue comyng down, FER. See FAR.

In holinesse his conversasion.

but ertheli, beestli, and feendli (animalis et diabolica). Lyfe of our Ladye, k. 6, c. 1.

Wic. James iii. 15. FERD, s. i. e. Fear, qv. and the Quotations from FEST, i. e. Fist.

FIERCE. Chaucer.

Twenty zunge men manly wenten to the wall, and with No man shal stoond azens pow; your dreed and feerd

FEST, i. e. Fast, fasten.

feerse inwitt goynge (feroci animo) thei stieden up. (L. V. outward drede and inward drede, terrorem et formiAnd thow hast fest hire to fals.

Wic. 2 Mac. X. 35. dinem) shulen yue the Lord zoure God upon al the lande,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1130. And yet ner the latere these thingus doende, thee myzten that ye ben to trede.- Wic. Deut. xi. 25.


not swage the feerste (L. V. fersnesse, ferocitatem) (also And smoke stiede therof as of a furneis, and al the hil There are few reformations that would do more to

written the feerse) of his breste.-Id. Judith iii. 11. was ferdful. (E.V.feerful, terribilis.)-Id. Et. xix. 18. sweeten the breath of English society, than the removal of

And Jacob bolnyde, and seide with strijf, For what cause And eter be thou suffrynge fals callengis: and be thou this sore annoyance-the brooding fountain of so many

of me, and for what synne of me, hast thou come so fersly oppresside in al daies, and wondriden at the ferdfulnes heart-burnings and so many festerments, by which the (L. V. fulbrent, exarsisti) aftir me, and hast souft all the

Gen. xxxi. 36. (E.V. drede, terrorem) of tho thingis whiche thin izen elements of an unappeasable warfare are ever at work be- purtenance of myn hous.-Id. shulen see.-ld. Deut. xxviii. 34. tween the landed interest of the country, and far the most

This Arcite tho

As fers as a leon, pulled out a swerd. Sache ferde hau these louers in presence of their loues, important class of its public

functionaries. and subjectes a forne their soveraines.

On the Constitution of Man, pt. i. c. 7.

Chaucer. The Knightes Tale, v. 1600.
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.


And maad is euen and morn the fiueth day.
Strire not to run a furlong in a breath; festination may

Wic. Gen. i. 23. That oon is a wikked wif,

prove precipitation; deliberating delay may be wise-cuncThat wol not be chastised, tation and slowness no slothfulness.

And God herde her preiers, and she conceyuede, and chilHir feere fleeth fro hire,

Browne. Christian Morals, pt. i. \ xxxiii.

dide her fiuethe sone. (E.V.fift, quintum.)Id. 16. xxx. 17. For feere of hir tonge.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 12024. FESTUE.

And whan they were al foure in fere.

Lewed men may likne yow thus,
Lyfe of our Ladye, b. 7, c. 1.

And the armes of the fiftere (E. V. the fistynge, pugnan-
That the beem lith in youre eighen;

tis) shuln be ouercummen of his face, and shuln be broken And the festu is fallen for youre defaute.

togydere.- Wic. Dan. xi. 22. Ech day is holy day with hym

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 6183. Or an heigh ferye.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8879. But what, seest thou a festu, or a litil mote in the eize of

FIGURE, v. These ben the feries (L.V. cesynge dayes, feriæ) of the thi brother, and thou seest nat a beem in thin owne eise. Here fe my word, and perseyue ze with eeris derke and Lord, whiche ze schulen kepe hooli.-Wic. Gen. xxiii. 2.

Wic. Mat. vii. 3.

harde figuratif spechis (@nigmata).- Wic. Job xiii. 17. I gan remembre the hygh ferye

FETCH, v. Written Fecche, fette, fet. A. S. FILBERT.
That callyd is the circumcision.
Lyfe of our Ladye, i. 4, c. 2. Feccian, fettian; D. Vaten; Ger. Fussen; Sw. Fatta,

The filbert eke, that lowe doth encline prehendere. Ihre notices our different usage. The fol- Her bowes grene to the earth adoune FERK, «. To fear or affright.

Unto her knight called Demophoon. lowing seems more in accordance with that of our Yong Gamėlyn stode in the place

Chaucer. Complaint of Black King. Allone withouten ferk;

Northern brethren. “31 Cople Conyse. Fett at bery, FILE. And seide: If there be any mo i.e. 31 Couple of Conies taken at burrow or warren.”

Filthe and schenschipe (turpitudinem et ignominiam) he Let them come to werk.-Chaucer. Gamelyn, v. 517. Letters of Gray and Mason, by the Rev.J. Mitford.- gedereth to hymself; and the repref of hym shal not ben don His cours he name with saile up drawe,

A Billof Fare. Chrystmas Day in Lord Surrey's Time. awei.- Wic. Prov. vi. 33.
Where as fortune doth the lawe
He wold fecche a feined mandement,

Faire Welcoming in prison is,
And sheweth, as I shall reherse,
And sompne hem to the chapitre both two,

That ofte hath plaied with you er this.
How she was to this lorde diuerse,
And pill the man, and let the wenche go.

The fairest games that he coude
The which opon the sea she ferketh.

Chaucer. Freres Tale, v. 6942.

Withouten filth (i. e. foule play).
The wynde arose, the wether derketh.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 7534.
Gower. Conf. Am. fo. 177'.
The fend, quod he, you fecche, body and bones.

Id. lb. v. 7126.


Learns them a manly boldness, gives their tongues The lippe of truthe shal be fast into withoute ende; who What I can do or offer is suspect;

Sweetness of language, makes them apt to please, SUP. VOL. 1.



I see


Files off all rudeness, and uncivil haviour.-Beaumont FIT, s.

My speche flete (E. V. flowe, fluit) out as dew, as lytile and Fletcher. Noble Gentleman, act i. sc. 1. Lo, Lordes min! here is a fit,

reyn on erbe, and as dropís on gras. - Wic. Deut. xxxii. 2. FILL, i. e. Fell. See FALL. If ye wol any more of it

And he sched out theronne fletyng sacrifices. (E.V. saTo tell it wol I fond.

crifices of licoures, libamina.) FILL, v. To fill, was used by Wielif as equiva

Chaucer. Rime of Sir Thopas, v. 13816.

Id. Gen. xxxv. 14; also Deut. xxxii. 38. lent tommet. to fulfil: as to fill the hest, (qv.) that


FLESH. is, the command.

A cote hathe he furred

The Kyng schal not have ful many wyues, that drawen With foyns or with ficheues.

his soule

to ouer myche fleischlynesse (quæ alliciant animum FILLET, v.

Piers Plouhman's Creed, v. 588.

ejus). - Wic. Deut. xvii. 17. And the breest broche with his rynges he streynede with FIX.

And thou schalt make in to the usis of the auter, pannes the rynges of the coope with a iacynctine filet. (L. V. lace, Forso the he seide to hem, No but (nisi) I schal se in his

to receyue aischis, and tongis, and fleisch hookis (fuscinuvitta.)- Wic. Ex. xxviii. 28.

las), and resettis of fyris; thou schalt make alle vessilis of hondis the ficching of naylis (L. V. fitchinge, firuram), and

brasse.--Id. Ex. xxvii. 3. FILLIP.

schal sende my fyngris into placis and I schal sende myn

honde in to his syde, I schal not bileue.- Wic. John XX. 25. FLICKER, v. FLAKRED. Cad. A Jack-pudding, that takes fillips on the nose for sixpence a-piece.--Foote. The Author, A. ü.

FIZZ. Written Fyest in Skelton. See Dyce,

From aboue flakred the seraphins, wherof euery one bad FILM. Notes, p. 170.

sixe winges.--Bible, 1549. Esay vi.

FLINT. He shewed me a little excrescence that he hath begin- FLAGITIOUS. ning upon the uttermost ball of his eyes, a filmy matter,

He shal gine for the erthe flint (silicem), and for the like the rudiment of a pin or web, as they call it.

Forsothe thou cursid, and of alle men most flagiciouse flint golden stremes (pro silice).— Wic. Job xxii. 24. Sir H. Wotton. Letters (1628).' Rem. p. 441 (in Todd). (fagitiosissime), or fullist of yuil doyngus, and stiryngus, nyl ihou veynly ben enhaunsid.- Wic. 2 Mac. vii. 34. FLIT, v.

See Float.
And the fissh hath fyn
FLAM, v.

And this order constraineth by the proper stabilitie the To flete (float) with.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14014. Now before thou fliest to the old, stale, asual pretence, fluiturus).

-Chaucer. Boecius, b. iv. p. 6.

movable thinges, or else thei shulden flete folily (temere that thou canst do none of those things, consider with thyFIND, v. To find herself, i. e. to provide for self, that there is a God who is not to be flammed off with Bats or flitter mise (are creatures) between birds and herself. See quotation from Chaucer, in v. Daugh- lies, who knows exactly what thou canst do, and what thou beasts.- Wats. Bacon, de Ang. 1. iii. c. 1. ter, supra. canst not.-South. Sermons. The Will for the Deed.

FLOAT. See quotation from Shakespeare in The bigynnynge forsothe of fornycacioun is the outsech- FLAME, v. See Piers Plouhman, in v. Foster, Dictionary, and that from Dryden, infra. ing of maumetis, and the finding of hem (adinventio) is

Cast thi cure on the Lord, and he schal fulli norische ; infra. corupcioun of lyf.- Wic. Wis. xiv. 12. Thei shal her tell how thei the fande As wax and a weke

and he schal not yue withouten end floteryng to a iust Curteis and wise and wel doande.

Were twyned togideres,

men (in æternum fluctuationem).- Wic. Ps. liv. 23. Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 2707. And thun a fir llawmynge

They flotteren without governour sine rectore fluitabuni. Valerian goth home, and fint Cecilie Forth out of bothe.-Přers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11778.

Chaucer. Boecius, b. iii. pr. 11.
Within his chambre.-Id. Seconde Nonnes Tale, v. 15636.
But of the fire and flambe funerall-

And are upon the Mediterranean float
In whiche my body brennen shall to glede,

Bound sadly home for Italy.
FINE. Fine force. Extreme force : necessity.
I praie the take good heed

Dryden. Tempest, act i. sc. 1.
That all be well.

And thanne was he called
Noght holy Crist, but Jhesu,

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. v. v. 302. Also othere men weren gaderide togidere flocmeel (gregre A faunt fyn of wit,


tim) and camen out of housis, bisechynge with opyn bisechFilius Mariæ.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13187.

yng for that—that the place was comynge to dispit. And the Lord of Oostis schal make in this hil to all In flannen robes the coughing ghost does walk.

Wic. 2 Mac, iii. 18.

Dryden. Suum cuique. poplis the feeste of fatte thingis, the feeste of vyndage of

FLAP. fatte thingis ful of merow, of vyndage wel fined (defæcata).

FLOM. A river. See Robert of Brunne in v. Wic. `I8. xxv. 6. The flodis shuln flappe for ioye with hond togidere (plau

Gate in the Dictionary. Than wold they never fine dent).- Wic. Ps. xcvii. 8.

To don of gentillesse the faire office.

I shal do hem awei as powdre of the erthe; and as cleye
Chaucer. Wif of Bathes Tale, v. 6718. of streetis I shall breek hem and to flappe (confringam).

And he (Noe) was of sixe hundryd feeris, whanne the But sithens of fine force I mote arise,

Id. 2 Kings xxii. 43.

watris of the flood floweden upon the erthe (diluru apua I shall arise as sone as er I maie.


inundaverunt).-Wic. Gen. vii. 6. Id. Troylus and Cressida, s. 42.

Nakeden shal be the flod womb (L. V. botme of watir, Therein (a quiver) a flash of arrows feathered were. Thou art too fine in thy evidence: Stand aside.

alreus rivi), and the ryueres fro ther welle.-Id. Is. xix. 7.

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, xi. 28. Shahespeare. All's Well that Ends Well, act v, sc. 3.

And right as a sea yeneth flood, so draweth sea ebbe-and FLATTER, v. Your Majesty was too fine for my Lord Burghley, i. e.

palleth ayen under wawe-all the first out throwe. refined, full of finesse, qv.Bacon. Apophthegmes. Alas, ye Lordes, many a false flatour

Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. ü.

FLORAL. All their vowes and invocations upon the gods for their

Is in your Court, and many a losengeour, help would not serve, but only it was fine force and meere

That pleseth you wel more, by my faith,

The hop (before an interdicted plant,

Than he that sothefastnesse unto you saith. manhood must do the deede.- Holland. Livy, p. 434.

Shun'd like fell aconite) began to hang
Chaucer. Nonnes Preestes Tale, v. 15331.

Its folded floscles from the golden vine.
FINE. Finitude,-applied to created things,

Smart. The Hop Garden. imports the proportions of the several properties of So pent-the vapours with a trembling sound

FLOSCULOUS. See FLORAL. these things to one another. Infinitude, the unbound

Heave from below, and rend the hollow ground; edness of these degrees of properties. Cheyne. A sounding flaw succeeds.

FLOSS. Silk, i. e. fleecy.

Dryden. D'irgil. Æneid, viii. 325. To imagine that I have completed (this high investiga- Now held to be the spirit's fimless heart,

FLOURISH. tion) would be to forget at once the fulness of the creation,

In better worlds.-Southey. Madoc, pt. ii. $ 19. and the finitude of the creature.

An arowe caas schal sowne on hym; a spere, and scheeld Chulmers. Constitution of Man, Ded. FLEA.

schal florische. (E. V. braundischen, ritrabit.)

Wie. Job xxxix. 23. FINT, i, e. Findeth. See FIND. For the Kyng of Yrael is goon out that he seche a quyk

FLOW. flize (L. V. fle, pulicem) as a patritch is pursued in hillis. FIR. See FURZE.

Wic. 1 Kings xxvi. 20. And whanne thei hadden bigun to trede on the drie erthe, For the thorny erbe that is clepid Saliunka schal steesen Awake, thou coke, quod he, God yeve the sorwe,

the watris turneden ajen in to her trowe (in alreum suum), op a firr tree (abies).- Wic. Is. Iv. 13.

What aileth the to slepen by the morwe,

and flowiden as tho weren wont before.- Wic. Josh. iv, 18. Hast thou had fleen at night, or art thou dronke?

Aftir that alle kyngis of Amorreys (Amorites) herden, FIRE, .

Chaucer. Manciples Prol, v. 16966.

that the Lord hadden dried the flowyngis (E. V. flodis, Wherfor the Lord sente firid serpentis in to the puple. My mistress sends away all her suitors, and puts fleas in fluenta) of Jordan bifor the sones of Israel, til thei passiden,

the herte of hem was failid.-ld. Ib. v. 1. (E. V. a fier, ignitos.)- Wic. Num. xxi. 6.

their ears.- The Puritan, act ii. sc. I. Wile thou not dreden, and thin herte ben not ferd of the FLEE.

FLOW, 4. To rise to fulness. Met. to fill, intwo tailes of these smokende fyr brondis (titionum fumigantium).-Id. Is. vii. 4.

Sotheli nyle ze stonde, but pursue ze the enemyes, and flate, puff out. slee şe all the laste of fleeris. (E. V. hem fleynge, fugien

When Night FIRM. tium.)-- Wic. Joshua x. 19.

Darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons That folk is noght fermed in the feith.

Forsothe fyue kyngis flowen. (L.V. Nedden, fugerant.) Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5751.

Wic, Josh. x. 16.

Milton. Par. L. i. 503.
That she first and formest
And evermore the Cuckowe as he flaie (flew),

FLY. Used passively.
Forme sholde bileve.-Id. v. 13192.
Ysayed, Farewell, farewell, Popingaie.

Was flown. See Milton
Chaucer. Cuckowe and Nightingale, v. 213.

in v. Walk, infra. See Flow. FIRST.

FLEECE. And in alle puple, and in alle fole of kinde the firsthed.

Or if you list to fleen as high in the aire

As doth an egle, whan him list to sore, (L. V. firste dignite, primatum.)- Wic. Ecclus. xxiv. 10. Turne abowt alle thi flockis and seller alle thi speckid This same stede shal bere you.

Chaucer. FISH. “ He needes must a cause ont-fish,” is to sheep, and with speckyd flese (sparso vellere).

The Squiores Tale, v. 10436.

Wic. Gen. xxx. 32. fish out a cause or excuse;

FLY, s.
Chaucer, And the Lord dide in that nyit as Gedeon axide, and
Troylus and Cressida, iii. 1162.
drynesse was in the flees alone, and dewe was in al the

Court vermin that buzz round
erthe.- Id. Judges vi. 40

And flyblow the King's ear. FIST.

Southey. Joan of Arc, b. x. v. 77. Logic differeth from rhetoric as the fist from the palm ; FLEET.

FOAL. the one close, the other at large.

His felawe fleteth forth

And Favel fette for thanne
Bacon. Advancement of Learning, b. ii. As the flood liketh.— Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 7757. Foles ynowe.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1208.


a reason,




woordis; and with flatering of lippis she fordroz hym. Maister, Y hane broust to thee my sone, that hath a And Achab seith, Bi whom? And he seide to hym, Bi L. V. drow forth, protrazit.) - Wic. Prov. vii. 21. doumbe spirit, and where euer he takith him, he hurtlith the foot followeres of the pryncis (L. V. squyeris, pedisse- FORE, i. e. Fared; gone. See FARE. hym doun and he fometh. (E. V. frothith or vometh, quos) of prouynces.- Wic. 3 Kings xx. 14. spumat.) - Wic. Mark ix. 16. Leading her toward a footstool'd throne

FORE. See AFORE, BEFORE. (Ye shall) eete not o day, ne two, ne fyue, or tenne, ne Magnificent, which first he overspread

To-fore, To-forn, are common expressions. In twenti forsothe, but anto the moneth of days to the tyre With liuen, there he seated her. that it come out bi şoure noose thrillis, and be turnyd into

Couper. Odyssey, i. 167; also x. 386. Piers Plouhman, v. 3354. 7744 (Wright's edit.) fomynge. (L. V. wlatyng, i. e. loathing, nauseam.) Id. Num. xi. 20. FOR. For to se (Wiclif); For to don, for to han Fernyeres are, years afore, years past; and in

Chaucer FODDER, v. (Chaucer); For to make, for to synge (Gower),

So farwell all the snowe of ferne yere. Forsothe that womman had a foddred calf (pascualem) admit of a like explanation. Cause-being to do, &c.

Troylus and Cressida, b. v. v. 1176. in the hows, and she hijede and slewz it.

Somme shul sowe the sak, quod Piers,

But the centurien that stood forn agens (E. V. euinc Wic. 1 Kings xxviii. 24. For shedying of the whete.

azenst, er adverso) sis, that he so criynge hadde diede, FOG.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3811.

and seide, Verili, This man was Goddis sone. All foggy fat she was.-Skelton. El. Rum. r. 483. Of some contagious sicknesse he died, so that the owner

Wic. Mark xv. 39. Their arms (were) antrimmed and loosely borne, their secretly, and be not beknowen of it.

of the house, for defaming his house would bury him FORE-FIGHT. horses foggy and lifeless (segnes equi)

I that speke riftwisnesse and a forfyztere (proprugnator) Gordon. Tac. Hist. b. ii. c. 99.

Hackluyt, v. i. R. Thorne to Dr. Ley. i. e. the owner would bury him secretly-be-cause or the

am to sauen.- Wic. Is. Ixiii. 1.

And he schal sende to them a saueour, and a forfiftere, FOISON, s. The old folio of Gower has in the cause being ;-a defame on his house if buried publicly.

that delyuere hem.-Id. 16. xix. 20.

Such buildings as for standing by themselves are called following passage forsoned, but the context requires Isles, sunk into ruins when the waters returned.

FORE-GO. foisoned, i. e. plentifully given, well stored. Fr.

Gordon. Tacitus, b. i. c. 86.

And Gyle was for-goet Foisonner. To abound. Cotgrave.


And gyed (guided) hem alle.
Forth with his wife have him croned,
And Justinian eke, that made lawes,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1256. Where all good him was foisoned.

Hath thus forboden.-Chaucer. Rom. of the Ruse, v. 6618. Where the forgoere (L.V. bifore goere, precursor) for tis Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. p. 183, col. 2. FOR-BLOW, s.

entride in-Jhesus.- Wic. Heb. vi. 20. With prolific foison of all seeds Where is your boste

This holy plain is Alled.

With your forblowe blowynge vanyte?
Cary. Dante, Purgatory, xxviii. 124.


Lyfe of our Ladye, c. 6, col. 1. FOLD.

A foreine (Chaucer). An outer FOR-BREAK.

court or yard. And Symount bowide or folden (flerus), fauzte not ageinus hem, and overcamen not hem.- Wic. 1 Mac. xiii. 47. And Richard vor brec there hys neeke atwo.

Foreigner is used by A. Marvel for one not a

Robert of Gloucester, p. 375. townsman. See Coleridge, Northern Worthies. The knee bowid or folden bifore hym; thei scoroyden hym, seyinge, Hayle, Kyng of Jewes. (L. V. kneliden, FOR-BRENT, i. e. For-burnt, utterly burnt.

The toure there this Theseus is throwe

Downe in the bottom derke and wonder lowe, genu fleru.) Id. Mat. xxvii. 29.

And he seiz that the buysch brente (arderet) and was not

Was joyning to the wal of a foreine, forurent (comburetur). Therfore Moyses seide, Y schal go FOLIACEOUS.

That longing was unto the doughtren tweine and schal see this greet sist, why the buysch is not forbrent Of Minos.--Chaucer. Ariadne, v. 1692. And this moves sober pens into suspensory and timerous (comburatur).- Wic. Ex. iii. 2, 3. assertions, not presently to obtrude them as Sibyl's leaves;

FOR-BUY. To buy out, to redeem.

FORE-KNOWLEDGE. Prior or preceding knowwhich after considerations may tind to be but folious appearances, and not the central and vital interiors of truth. Y the Lord shal lede you out of the traneilous prisoun of


That glorious shining light
Browne. Christian Morals, pt. ii. 9 iii. Egipciens, and delyuere fro seruage; and forbigge (L. V.
azen bie, redimam) in an ouerpassyng arm, and in greet

Which in thine eies his glistring beames doth place, domes.- Wic. Ex, vi. 6.

Estranged hath from my foreknowledge quight Beside a fulke-men clepe Cimerie,

Thy countenance.
There slepeth aye this God (slepe) unmeri.
I wote (he, Job, seith) that my forbier (L. V. agenbier)

Fairefat. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xiv. st. 6.
Chaucer. Prol. to House of Fame, v. 73. lyueth, and in the last dai Y am to aryse fro the erthe.

id. Pref. Ep. p. 68. FORE-NENST, i. e. Fore-anenst. See FORE, zif forsothe no God of alle Gentilis and of regyouns myfte

FOR-CATCH, r. To catch fast.

FORE-AGAINST. delivere his puple of my hond (Sennacherib) and of the

Also men sayn,

Themselues forenenst old Raphias towne they fond. hond of my fadirs, folowyngły (L. V. suyngli, consequenter) That fro the lease, which is plaine

Fairefu. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. xv. st. 15. ne four God schal mown poterit) delyuere you of this myn In to the breres thei forcatche,

FORE-REVENGE, v. To anticipate revenge (of hond. - Wic. 2 Pur, xxxii. 15.

And shal upon the thornes leave But Cristes lore, and his apostles twelve,

Of wooll.-Gower. Conf. Am. Prol. fo. 32.

an injury to be done). He taught,--but first he folwed it himselve.

The murderer encompass'd now with swords, and de-
Chaucer. The Prologue, v. 530.

sperate, fore-rerenges his own fall with the death of anFOND.

And foors (vim) thei maden to Loth moost hidowsly. other, whom his poniard reached home.

Wic. Gen. xix. 9.

Milton. History of England, b. iv. An. 626. The fifte, is moder of helthe, A frend in alle fondynges (trials).

And whan forsyng he (Naaman) made (L. V. strengthe, FORE-SET, 0. To set, settle, or fix before. Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9512. vim faceret), "utturly he (Elisee) assentyde not. He (a prelat) is seid fonned salt, not prophetable to eny

Id. 4 Kings v. 16.

But when the time fore-set is fully come, all mountains thing.– Wic. Prol. p. 3).

And the forsemens or strengthis (munimenta) of thin heye

are laid low, and double-folded doors fly


N. Bacon. Historical Treatise, c. ii. p. 4. And Jetro seide, Thou doist a thing not good; thou art

walles schul togidere falle, and be lowid.-Id. Is. xxv. 12. wastid with a fonnid travel (E. V. foli, stulto), both thou

After these thingis thou schalt come in to the hil of the FORE-SPEAK. Addand this pople, which is with thee.-11. Ex. xviii. 18. Lord, where is the stonding, that is forselet, of the Filis- In old English writers, witches are supposed to And Y schal terre hem to yre in a fonned folk.

ties (statio).-Id. 1 Kings x. 5.

Id. Deut. xxxii. 21. And atté laste by euyi company was ledde so that he possess the power of fore-speaking, or fore-dooming; And in the profetis of Samarie Isiz fonnedness, and thei forced not openly to goo to the stewes.-Oracion of Corrus and hence to fore-speak, is considered to be equivaprofesieden in Baal and desceyueden my puple Israel. Flammeus, e. b2. Wurcestre, Erle of.

lent to (E. V. folie, fatuitatem.) Id. Jer. xxiii. 13.

And comming neere his foes, he sternly cries,

To bewitch, to enchant.
He drew him to the fiere
(As one that forst not all their strength a pin)

Aaron thi brother shal be thi prophete (that is, interpre-
You outcasts of the world.
And toke a light, and found his countenance
As for to loke upon an old Romaunce.

tour ethir bifor spekere, that is, forspekere, Var. r. pro

Fairefar. Godfrey of Bulloigne, b. ix. st. 766. pheta).- Wic. Ex. vii. 1.
Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iii. v. 981. Mac. Were they not forc'd by those that should be ours,
How fonned and folysshe ben the old aged men that de-

We might hane met them darefull, beard to beard, FORE-STALL.

And beate them backward. syre or weeshe to be yong agayn. The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, a. 52. Also i. 1.

Shakespeare. Macbeth, act v. sc. 5.

(He) forstalleth my feires (fairs).

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2193. What may be a more fonnysh thyng than whan men FOR-COUERID, v. To cover entirely.

FORE-WALL. See the Quotation. hane grete plente of richesse, to pourveye such thynges as And she dide about his hondis skynnes of litel kiddis, they doo and forgete to pourveye them of frendes. -Tullius

The citee of oure strengthe; the sauyour schal be set and she forcoueride the nakide of the nak (necke) (prode Amicitia, b. 8; also d. 22. Wurcestre, Erle of.

therynne, the wal and the forewal (antemurale). (E. V. terit). - Wic. Gen. xxvii. 16. Thou seest

the bifor walling.)- Wic. Is. xxvi. 1. How subtly to detain thee I derise,

FOR-CUT. See FOR-CARVE, in Dictionary. FOR-FAULT, s. Utter, extreme want.
Inviting thee to hear while I relate,
Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply.

Forfault of ships was all hir sorrow.
Milton. Par. L. b. viii, r. 209. And so boweth forth by a brook,

Chaucer. Dreame, v. 1546.
Til ye fynden a ford.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3639.

FOR-FEIT, v. But and if I had doon foolhardili ažens my soule, that

And thei wenten doun after hym, and thei occupyeden The most violent opponents of the King's (James VI.) myjte the kyng unknowe, and thou shaldist stond forn


foordis (L. V. forthis, vada) of Jordan that onersenden government were forfeited; the rest were allowed still to afens.- Wic. 2 Kings xviii. 13.

in to Moab. - Wic. Judges iii. 28; and xii. 5, forthis in both hope for favour.

Robertson. History of Scotland, b. v. An. 1568. It gemeth betere thus," thou and thi sones sehulen suffre the sypnes of goure presthod,” that is, if ony men pressen


FOR-FEND, o. forth'hem silf bi zoure neeligence, not onely thei schulen Eche spirit that knowlechith Crist for to hane comen in Than for I spac to God, thee also I shal not forfende. be ponyschid for her foolhardynesse, but ze schulen be fleisch is of God; and eche spirit that dissolueth or fordoith

(L. V. forbede, prohibebo.)— Wic. Job xxxiv. 31, et aliter. panyschid for your necligence. Id. Num. xviii. 1, marg. note. (solvit) Jhesu, is rot of God. - Wic. 1 John iv, 3.

Whiche foliously andirtoke the dede of entrepryse.
FOR-DRAW, o. i. e. To draw forth.

In forging of gold-signe is of a smaragd. (L. V. the
The Boke of Tulle of Old Age, h. 22. She greuede (L. V. boonde, irretivit) hym with manye makyng, in fabricatione.)

— Wic. Ecclus. xxxii. 8.

and take up


Wedes ..


Lechis bihoten that that is of lechis; forgers (L. V. FORN-HAD, i. e. had before.

FOR-TOP, s. Supreme or extreme top; summit. smythis) treten of forgeable thyngis.-Id. Pref. Ep. p. 67.

Blessynge of hym that aperyde in the busshe come upon zeeld to now the fornhad strengthe. (L.V. formere, prisRather shewende you forgeris of lesingus (L.V. makeris, tinam fortitudinem.)- Wic. Judges xvi. 28.

the heed of Joseph, and upon the fortop of Nazarez among fabricatores) and herieris of shreude techingis.

his britheren. (L.V.cop, verticem.)- Wic. Deut. xxxiii. 18. Id. Job xiii. 4. FORNICATE. Norris writes, Fornicarious.

FORTY. Ob! quick and forgetive power! that sometimes dost

Theory of Love, pt. i. s. ii. ♡ 13. So rob us of ourselves, we take no mark

Thei (physiciens) would fowertie were sicke at ones. Thes (ten hornes) shulen haate the fornicarie womman That round about us thousand trumpets clang.

Chaucer. Rom. of the Rose, v. 5736. Cary. Dante. *Purgatory, xvi. 13. (fornicariam), and schulen make hir desolat or discoumfortid.— Wic. Apoc. xvii. 6.

FOR-VISE, v. i. e. Fore advise; advise beforeFOR-GET.


hand. D. Veur-wijsen, præmonstrare; G. Vorwissen. The dede was ver-gyte anon.-Robert of Gloucester, p. 314.


King Conscience tho herd, Forsothe to whom thes ben not redy, he is blynd, and by hond temptynge, or assayinge, receyuynge forzettingnes of And sent forth his forreyours.

It nedeth me not long the forvise, the pergynge of his old trespassis. (L. V. forgetith, obli

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 14086. Men shal reioysen of a gret emprise rionem accipiens.)– Wic. 2 Pet. i. 9.


Atcheved wel.-Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. ii. Many greate in werthinesse losed, han bee tofore this He forsok the avoutrie (recusmit).- Wic. Gen. xxxix.10.

FOR-WANDER. tyme that now out of memorie are sheden, and cleanly

Who soever will followe me, let hym forsake hym selfe, forgotten for defaute of writynges.

I was wery for-wandred.-Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13.
his crosse,
Chaucer. Test. of Loue, b. i.

Bible, 1549. Mark ix. Matt. xvi. FOR-WEET, v.

Saint Gregory was a good pope,
So wole Crist of his curtesie,
Forgyve be it nevere

And hadde a good foruit.
And men crye hym mercy,
That shente us and shedde oure blood,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 2804.
Both forgyve and foryete.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11850.

For-shapte us, as it were.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11945.

Kynde foryaf that tyme.-Id. ib. v. 12227.

FOR-SLOW, FOR-SLOTH. Be as be may (quod she) of forgiryng,


For-sleuthed, Piers I will not have no forgifte, for nothing.

Plouhman, v. 3363. Sleuthed to an extreme, and Thenche (think) but on vorewarde and on trenthe. Chaucer. Lucrece, v. 1852. thus rendered useless.

Robert of Gloucester, p. 250. One of our late great poets is sunk in his reputation, be

I plighte thee my trouthe, canse he could never forgive any conceit, which came in FOR-SMITE, u. To smite utterly; to destroy.

To fulfille this forwarde.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3864. his way, but swept like a drag-net great and small.

Antiochus, as men may witte,
Dryden. Preface to Fables.

With thonder and lightnyng is forsmitte.

Lord it thee for-yelde.- Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 1356. FOR-GO, v.

Gower, Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1793. Forgon (Wiclif), i. e. Gon forth or away from, sc. the right path, the truth; misled, FORSTER, i. e. Forester. See FOREST.

FOSTER. deceived.

Wax and weke
FOR-STORMED. See FOR-Blow, in Dictionary.
Colocenses also, thei as Laodicensis ben men of Asye, and

And hoot fir togideres,

Fostren forth a flawmbe they were forgon by false Apostles. (L. V. disseyued.) FORSWAY, v.

To sway to excess; met. be too
Wic. Coloss. Prol.

And a fair leye (v. lewe).

Pers Plouhman's Vision, v. 11782. Your friends all wearie, and your spirits spent,

(He) hath his angels him to serue,
Ye may your fortunes seek and be forwent
such as him liketh to preserue,

Of your kind cousins.—Bp. Hall. Sat, ii. 2.
So that thei mowe nought forsweie,


But Lucifer he put aweie.

Gower. Conf. Am. b. viii. fo. 1731.
FOR-LENT. Lent, gave, given, - forth, or

Foulen the fruyt in the feld.
FOR-SWEAR, v., (in Tyndale) is used emph.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13586. utterly.

To swear, For or forth, without reservation. Sir T. I wote not, that thon be offendid in holi scripturis thurs Timias That ladies love unto his lord forlent. More uses the distinguishing epithet, False, to the symplenesse, and as thurz foulnes of wordis.

Wic. Pref. Ep. p. 73. Spenser. Faerie Queene, b. iii. c. iv. v. 47. 8. Forswearing. See FOR-BID.

And put thou it void upon coolis, that it wexe hoot, and They both together met

Will ye not obey holy Church? Will ye not do the pen- the brasse therof melt, and the foulyng therof. (L.V.filthe,

ance enjoined you by holy Church? Will ye not forswear inquinamentum.)Id. Ez. xxiv. Il. With dreadfull force and furious intent, Careless of perill in their flers atfret,

obedience to holy Church? Beware, lest you fall into the As if that life to losse they had forelent.

indignation of holy Church, lest they curse you.-Tyndale. FOUND, v. Lat. Fund-are, and fund-ere, both

Id. lb. b. iv. c. iii. v. 6. Answer to Sir T. More's Dialogue, p. 12. (Parker Soc. Ed.) from fundus; fund-are, equivalent to fundum ponere, FOR-LESE, v.

The Lord spake to Moises and seide, A soule that synneth ether makith fals chaleng, ether fyndeth a

and fund-ere, to fundum jacere; or the latter may She held her selfen a forlost creiture. Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. iv. v. 756.

thing lost, and denyeth ferthermore and forswerith (peje- be from the Gr. xovw of the same signification. ravit), &c.- Wic. Lev. vi. 3.

Fundus, pro imo dolii, fluminis, maris; equivalent to FOR-LOOK, o. To look forth.

FOR-SYTH. Regardeth, Dyce. Seeth or looketh

the Dut. Grond or gront. (Vossius.) See GROUND, And God is the forlookere of hym (var. r. forth loker; forth, or forward to.

that on which, &c. L. V. biholdere, prospector) that zeldeth grace.

Wic. Ecclus. iii. 34.
Here is none forsyth, whether you flete or synke.

FOUNES or FOWNES, S. Skinner, qd. Founds,

Skelton, i, 232. Manye forsothe ben the spies of the treccherous:

inventa, devices, from the v. to find. Jun. Devices, as the forlookere seende the fallende of his nezhebore. FORTH. In comp.—Forth-clepe. See below. To imaginations, fancies, conceits, and suggests an affi

Id. Ib. xi. 32. clepe or call forth, provocare ; forth-go,-pass; pro-nity with fond, denoting too indulgent to children; FOR-LORE.

cedere, proficisci. Forth-daies, forward in the day. also fatuous (qv.). He founde his countenance; (he (The Brutons) her poer verlore.

Robert of Gloucester, p. 227.

framed his looke.) Chaucer, Troylus and Cressida, And whanne it was forth daies (E. V. moche our was b. jii. v. 981. But see v. Fond, supra. FOR-LOYN, s. Fr. Forlonge, very far off. A maad now, hora multa fieret) his disciples camen.

Wic. Mark vi. 35.

All other dredes weren from him fledde, signal that the game was far away.

Ne in desire none other founes bredde The houndes had overshot him all,

FORTH, s, i. e. Way to pass, passage.


But arguments to his conclusion,

That she on him could han compassion. And were on a default yfal ;

Bishop Jewell, ii. 306. (Jelf's edit.) Door, way. Therwith the hont full wonder fast,

Chaucer. Troylus and Cressida, b. i. v. 465. Passage non he nam, the forthes wer with-sette. Yblewe a forloyn at the laste.

Robert of Brunne, p. 187.

Chaucer. Boke of the Duchesse, v. 386.
FORTHCLEPE. To clepe or call forth.

The ferthe seed that Piers sew,

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 13551. FORM. To formalize (in Hales, see in Dic

As an egle, forthclepynge his bryddis to flee (L. V. sti- And maad is enen and morn, the ferth day. (L. V. tionary); to speak or act according to set form; in rynge, provocans), and on hem houyng (hovering) he spreed fourthe.)– Wic. Gen. i. 19. North, infra, equal to-to stand upon ceremony; to out his weengis.- Wic. Deut. xxxii. 11.

FOWER. See FOUR. be over-nice or scrupulous.

Kynde, quod Wit, is a creatour
Doth awei his forthgetingus (L. V. siouns, propagines),

FOWERTY. See FORTY. of all kynnes thynges,

for thei bep not the Lordis. - Wie. Jer. v. 10. Fader and formour

Of all that ever was maked.

Short in foules is a bee (in volatilibus).
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5202.
God seide,

Wic. Ecclus. xi. 3. For the sake of his (Bridgeman's) family, that gathered That I makede man

Be thou pullid ont as a foun (damula) fro the hond; and like a snowball, while he had the seal he would not have

It me forthynketh (penitet me fecisse hominem).

as a brid fro the spies of the foulere (aucupio). formalized with any tolerable compliance.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 5432.

ld. Prov. vi. 5. North. Eramen, xxxviii. Quoted in Campbell, ü. 287. Sotheli he answerynge seith, I nyle; forsothe afterward

FORMER. Dyce, on Skelton, says, first, highest.

he stirid by penaunce or forthenkynge wente (pænitentiu),
E.V. The L. V. is in the Dictionary.- Wic. Mat. xxi. 29.

It is, prior, superior.

The Greek hath Metanoia and metanoite, repentance

Several parcels of Nature retain still the marks of eviAnd he (Jacob) commaundide to the formere (E. V. for- and repent; or forethinking and forethink. As we say in

dent fraction and ruin.-Burnett. Theory, b. i. c. 3. ther, priori), and seide, If thou shalt mete my brother

English, It forethinketh me, or I forethink; and, I repent, Esan, and, &c.- Wic. Gen. xxxii. 17. or it repenteth me. So now the Scripture saith, Repent,

FRAIL, adj. Of honour and worshyp, which hath the former state. or let it forethink you.

Eft an other man thenkynge to seile in schip, and bigynSkelton, i. 395. Tyndale. Answer to Sir T. More, p. 12. (Parker Soc. Ed.) nynge to make iournei thorouz ferse wawis, inwardli cle


FUR peth a tre frelore than the tre that bereth (i. e. an idol of FRIEZE.

In Robert of Gloucester, Full sore is very sore. In tre (wood) frelere than the schip, fragilius).

Wis. xiv. 1.

In dud frese ye war schrynyd

R. Brunne, full loud is very loud. And to ful brenne FRAIL, s.

With better frese lynyd. - Skelton, i. 121, 1. 46. Dyce. Ed. in Wic. exardere. Ful fat, incrassare. Ful fedyng, (He) shal take his felawe to witnesse,

FRITH. Hackluyt writes-Frete or straight of saturitas. See FULSOME. Ful is also frequently What he fond in a frayel,

Magellan, Hack. iii. 11; and fret several times after- affixed to form a compound substantive, as Handful, After a freres lyvyng. -Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8225. wards.

handfuls; Spoonful, spoonfuls, &c. And oe fraiel (onlathus) hadde good fgus ful myche, as We first advertise, it (Euripus) generally signifieth any

And for to haue my fulle of that fruyt
ben wont Ågus to be of the firste tyme; and oe fraiel hadde
evil figis ful myche; that mişten not ben ete, for thi that

strait, fret, or channel of the sea, ranning between two (I wolde) forsake alle othere.
shores.- Brown. Vulgar Errours, b. vii. c. 13.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10814. thei weren euele.- Wic. Jer. xxiv. 2.

The fret or channel of Euripus not ebbing or flowing seven Whanne hir guttes fullen.-Id. v. 5716. FRANKINCENSE. times a day, according to common report.-Id. 16.

FULL, v. The A. S. Full-ian is also-to baptize, Golde, franke, and myrre, they yave hym al thre.


to sprinkle. In Matt. iii. 1, John the Baptist is Lyfe of our Ladye. Caxton, k. vi. FRAUD.

He is frythed in with floreyns

called Johannes se fulluhtere. The application is

And othere fees manye. Lo! the hijre of youre werkmen, that repiden foure cun

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 3668.

deduced from the operation of fulling by the action trees, that is fraudid of zou, crieth (fraudata est).

of water.
Wic. James v. 4.
FROG. Written in Wic. Frosshe, (near to the

Clooth that cometh fro the wevyng,
He (being) ateynt of the trespas shal zelde alle thingis Ger.) as a various reading of Frogge, Ps. Ixxvii. 45. Is noght comly to were,
hoole that thur; frawde (per fraudem) he wolde with I made him (Friday) a Belt, with a Frog hanging to it, Til it be fulled under foot,
hoolde.-Id. Lev. iv. 5.
such as in England we wear bangers in.

Or in fullyng stokkes, And he (a dispiside man) shal cum priuely, and shal

Defoe. Robinson Crusoe. Wasthen wel with water weelde the rewme in fraude'doynge. (L. V. bi gile, frau- He drew a Hatchet out of a frog-belt.-Id.

And with taseles cracched. dulentu.)-Id. Dan. xi. 21.

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 10529. The Egyptians were guilty of inexcusable fraudulency, FROM. Written Fra, Fro. See, in Dictionary.

And tho that bicome cristene which could not be commanded or authorized by a just Yet, saw I never (by my fader kin!)

By counseil of the baptisme God.-Geddes Crit. Rem. on Er. c. xii. v. 2.

How that the hopper wagges til and fra.

Aren frankeleyns, free men,
Chaucer. The Reves Tale, v. 4037.

Thorugh fullynge that thei toke,

And gentil men with Jhesu;
All sodainly as thing dying,
There the pale polestar in the North of Heav'n

For Jhesu was y-fulled ;
He fell at ones downe sowning;
Sits high and on the frory winter broods.

And upon Calvarie on cros
That, for his wo, this Lady froid,

Dryden. Arthur, A. 3. Yerouned kyng of Jewes.- Id. v. 13041.
Unto the Quene hire hyed. --Chaucer's Dreme, v. 521.

Why is thy clothyng rede and thy vestymentes as troden Thy carkesse shalbe meate vnto all maner foules of the ayre, and unto the beastes of the erthe, and no man shall

And he sloz in hail the vynes of hem, and ther mulberie

or fulled in a presse ? The Golden Legend, fo. 24, c. 3. fraye them awaye.-Bible, 1549. Deut. c. xxviii. trees in frost (var. r. forst).- Wic. Ps. lxxvii. 47.

FULSOME. Baret, in his Alvearie, 1573, ex And brought two goslynges FRAYNE. That were noughte froslynges.

plains-Fruitefull, ranck, battle. In the edition of Bot by a frayning for than

Skelton. El. Rum. v. 460. 1580, Sluttish, squalidus, nauseosus. Crasseaux. In Faileth ther manye.-Piers Plouhman's Crede, v. 53. FROTH.

Cotgrave we find Nideur and Nidoreux applied to FREE, sc. Also -- without spot or blemish ; spirit; the whiche wher enere he schal take hym, hirtith Skinner, who is followed by Johnson, derives from

Maistir, I hane brozt to thee my sone hauynge an unclene the stench or fulsom savor of things broiled or burned. chaste, pure, unspotted, un blemished.

him, and he frothith, or someth (L.V. fometh, spumat), foul, and some. Minsheu, Wallis, and Tyrwhitt coIf thes thre thingis he do not, she shal goon ont freelich and betith to gidere with teeth, and wexith drye. (L.V. freli, gratis) with outen money.— Wic. Ex. xxi. II.

Wic. Mark vii. 19. incide with Junius, who explains the word to signify And whan he hath late the sparow freliche (L.V. frely, FROUNCE.

Nauseous, whatever from too great abundance prolibere) flee awey in the feelde, he shal preye for the hows, Men sholde fynde manye frounces

vokes Nausea. and thurg ryzt it shal be madd clene.-1d. Lev. xiv. 53. And manye foule plottes.

Nauseous, disgusting, offensive, from fulness, suFREELTEE. 1 i.e. Frailty, Frailness. See

Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8657.

perabundance, or excess; gross, rank. See the FREELNESS.

How he shall his wordes set,
And in what wise he shall pronounce

Quotations from Caxton, Wurcestre, infra; Chaucer FREM.

His tale pleyne without frounce.

Elyot, and Godwin, in Dictionary.
He was a nygard

Gower. Conf. Am. b. 7. For alwey God gaf hyr to her presence
That no good myghte aspare

So fulsome lyght of heuenly influence.
To frend ne to fremmed..

Lyfe of our Ladye. W. Carton, a. 5, col. 1.
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 9900.
If a man gete a rebel sone, and fraward (L.V. ouerthwert,

Like as a fulsum welle
protervum), that heerith not the fadres and modres heest,

Shedyth his stremys into the ryuere.-ld. Ib. b. 5, col. 2.
and (when) clepide to obeische, dispise, thei shulen taak
The favouring moon arose
him, &c.- Wic. Deut. xxi. 18.

And a. 5, col. 2, fulsum abundance.
To guard them on their flight through upland paths
Remote from frequentage.-Southey. Don Roderick, $ x.


Yeve hym plenty that is so plenteouse
I as a vyne frutede swotnesse of smell, and my floures

Of fulsomeness angels to fede.-11. 16. i. 2.
FRERE, i. e. Friar, qv.
(ben) frutes of honour and of honeste. (L.V. made fruyt,

Though he were sette in moost folsome plente. fructificavi.)- Wic. Ecclus. xxiv. 23.

Tullius de Amicitia. Erle of Wurcestre, b. 7, col. 2. FRESH, v.

There is not such fulsomenesse in frendship, as ther is in FRUMP, s. A mock, a scoff; applied to a cross

other thingis.- Id. 16. col. 3. The Salmons, and some more as well as they, Now love the Freshets, and then love the Sea. tempered, scornful person, generally a female.

The skilful shepheard pil'd me certaine wands, Browne. Brit. Pust. b. ii. s. 3.

Mrs. Cad. Our Bell came in and interrupted him, and And in the dooing of the deede of kinde, methought she looked very frumpish and jealous.

He stuck them up before the fulsome eues. FRET, s. A fret of gold (Chaucer, in Dictionary)

Foote. Author, ii. 1. Shakespeare. Merchant of Venice, act i. sc. 3, fo. 1661. is a band or fillet, so fretted,


Fetisliche hire fyngres

So may ye safely pass
Were fretted with gold wyr.
Between the mountains, which in endless war,

To whom for curteyns of golde and sylke
Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 901.
Hurtle with horrible uproar and frush

(Were) the fume and stench of donge.
Of rocks that meet in battle.

The Golden Legend, fo. 10, c. 3. FRETE, i. e. Fret.

Southey. Madoc, pt. ü. xix. FURNACE.
Other frete myselve

Thanne when the sunne is gon down, ther was maad a Withinne as a shepsteres shere.

(These) schal be spreint with aile in the friyng panne,

derke clowd, and a Piers Plouhman's Vision, v. 8682.

furneys (clibunus) smekynge aperyde und schal be fried (sartagine, frigetur).- Wic. Lev. vi. 21.

and a lawmpe of fijr. - Wic. Gen. xv. 17. If that hungre were growen up on the erthe, or were pestilence or corrupt eyr or fretynge (@rugo), or locust, or FUDGE.

FURROW. See COULTER, Piers Plouhman, supra. rust, &c.- Wic. 3 Kings viii. 37.

Marg. That last-suppose-is fudged in,

If azen me myn erthe crie, and with it his forevis (sulci), FRICTION. See FRICACE. Why should you cram these upon ine?

bewepen; for whete be sprunge to me a brimbil; and Foote. The Bankrupt, A. 3.

for barli a thorne.- Wic. Job xxxi. 38. FRIEND, o. FUGITIVE.

But yf case be that my lande crye against me or that the Seie thou to wisdom, thou art my sistir, and clepe thou

This (Wisdam) forsothe the ferr fugitif, or fleynge riştwis foroues therof make any complainte.. then let thystles prudence thi frendesse. (E. V. lemman, amica.) fro the wrathe of his brother (L.V. that fledié, profugum growe in steude of my wheate, and thornes for my barleye.

Bible, 1549. 10 Wic. Prov. vii. 4. iræ patris justum) ladde awei bi rizt weies; and shewede

to hymn the kingdam of God. - Wic. Wisd, x. 10. Kisse he me with the cos of his mouth: that is Ywolde,

FURTHER. that God schewe hym silf frendful to me bi signis and FULFIL, v.

Anoon aftir the toother goynge out, heelde with hoond werkis, as a spouse to the spousesse.

the ferthere parti (L.V. heel, plantam) of his brother foot, And there was a begger, Lazarus bi name, that lai at his Id. Song of Solomon, i. 1, (mar. note.)

and therfor she clepide him lacob.- Wic. Gen. xxv. 26. gate ful of bilis and coueitide to be fulfillid (saturari) of I trust that the frendlyhode of Scipio with Lelyus shalle the crummes, that fellen doun fro the riche mannis boord,

Forthere thē y* Chapell dore noon of them wold enter. be knowen to all them whiche shal come after us.

Fabyan. Ch. 127.
und no man zaf to him.- Wic. Luke i. 23.
Tullius de Amicitia. Erle of Wurcestre, a. 52.

And day by day her wombe gan to ryse
Frendship forsothe is nothyng elles but the knyttyng to Through the fulfillyng of the holy ghoost.

The Emperour had in his herte as grete gydre of that thyng that is goodly, and of that thyng that

Lyfe of our Ladye, d. vii. c. 1. Yre and fureur as he had to fore. is humayne with souerayne benyuolence and charyte. FULK, i. e. Folk, qv.

The Golden Legend, fo. 18, c. I. Id. lb. a. 62.

FURZE. With love to friend, th' impatient lover went.

FULL. Wiclif renders the Lat. Valde by ful, and

And a fir-tree schal grow for a firse (saliunca), and a mirte Dryden. Sigism. and Guiscard. thus it is used as equivalent to-very, completely. tre schal wex for u nettil.— Wic. Is. Iv. 13.

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